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Document 32009L0076

Title and reference
Directive 2009/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 relating to the driver-perceived noise level of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors (Codified version) (Text with EEA relevance)
  • No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 31/12/2015; Repealed by 32013R0167
OJ L 201, 1.8.2009, p. 18–28 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 13 Volume 055 P. 250 - 260

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2009/76/oj
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Text

1.8.2009   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 201/18


DIRECTIVE 2009/76/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 13 July 2009

relating to the driver-perceived noise level of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors

(Codified version)

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 95 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty (2),

Whereas:

(1)

Council Directive 77/311/EEC of 29 March 1977 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the driver-perceived noise level of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors (3) has been substantially amended several times (4). In the interests of clarity and rationality the said Directive should be codified.

(2)

Directive 73/311/EEC is one of the separate Directives of the EC type-approval system provided for in Council Directive 74/150/EEC of 4 March 1974 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors, as replaced by Directive 2003/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on type-approval of agricultural or forestry tractors, their trailers and interchangeable towed machinery, together with their systems, components and separate technical units (5), and lays down technical prescriptions concerning the design and construction of agricultural or forestry tractors, as regards driver-perceived noise level. Those technical prescriptions concern the approximation of the laws of the Member States to enable the EC-type approval procedure provided for in Directive 2003/37/EC to be applied in respect of each type of tractor. Consequently, the provisions laid down in Directive 2003/37/EC relating to agricultural and forestry tractors, their trailers and interchangeable towed machinery, together with their systems, components and separate technical units, apply to this Directive.

(3)

This Directive should be without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States concerning the time-limits for transposition into national law and application of the Directives set out in Part B of Annex IV,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

1.   For the purposes of this Directive, ‘tractor’ (agricultural or forestry) means any motor vehicle, fitted with wheels or endless tracks and having at least two axles, the main function of which lies in its tractive power and which is specially designed to tow, push, carry or power certain tools, machinery or trailers intended for agricultural or forestry use. It may be equipped to carry a load and passengers.

2.   This Directive shall apply only to tractors defined in paragraph 1 which are equipped with pneumatic tyres and have a maximum design speed of between 6 and 40 km/h.

Article 2

1.   No Member State may refuse to grant EC type-approval or national type-approval of any type of tractor on grounds relating to the driver-perceived noise level if that level is within the following limits:

90 dB(A) in accordance with Annex I,

or

86 dB(A) in accordance with Annex II.

2.   With respect to vehicles which do not comply with the requirements laid down in this Directive, and on grounds relating to the subject-matter of this Directive, Member States:

shall no longer grant EC type-approval,

may refuse to grant national type-approval.

3.   With respect to new vehicles which do not comply with the requirements laid down in this Directive, and on grounds relating to the subject-matter of this Directive, Member States:

shall consider certificates of conformity which accompany new vehicles in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2003/37/EC to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 7(1) of that Directive,

may refuse the registration, sale or entry into service of those new vehicles.

4.   No Member State may refuse to register or prohibit the sale, entry into service or use of any tractor on grounds relating to the driver-perceived noise level if that level is within the following limits:

90 dB(A) in accordance with Annex I,

or

86 dB(A) in accordance with Annex II.

Article 3

For the purposes of this Directive, ‘cab’ means any structure built of rigid components, transparent or not, which totally encloses the driver and isolates him from the outside, and is capable of being kept permanently closed during service.

Article 4

Member States shall take all necessary measures to ensure that in both the sales presentation and advertising there is nothing to suggest that the tractors have features regarding the driver-perceived noise level which they do not in fact possess.

Article 5

The amendments necessary to adapt to technical progress the requirements of Annexes I, II and III shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 20(3) of Directive 2003/37/EC.

Article 6

Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 7

Directive 77/311/EEC, as amended by the acts listed in Part A of Annex IV, is repealed, without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States concerning the time-limits for transposition into national law and application of the Directives set out in Part B of Annex IV.

References to the repealed Directive shall be construed as references to this Directive and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in Annex V.

Article 8

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 January 2010.

Article 9

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 13 July 2009.

For the European Parliament

The President

H.-G. PÖTTERING

For the Council

The President

E. ERLANDSSON


(1)  OJ C 120, 16.5.2008, p. 15.

(2)  Opinion of the European Parliament of 19 February 2008 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Council Decision of 25 June 2009.

(3)  OJ L 105, 28.4.1977, p. 1.

(4)  See Annex IV, Part A.

(5)  OJ L 171, 9.7.2003, p. 1.


ANNEX I

APPARATUS, CONDITIONS AND METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

1.   UNIT OF MEASUREMENT AND MEASURING APPARATUS

1.1.   Unit of measurement

Noise level LA shall be measured in dB with A-weighting, expressed as dB(A).

1.2.   Measuring apparatus

Driver-perceived noise level shall be measured by means of a sound-level meter as described in the first edition of Publication No 179/1965 of the International Electrotechnical Commission.

In the case of variable readings, the average of the maximum values must be taken.

2.   CONDITIONS OF MEASUREMENT

Measurements shall be made under the following conditions:

2.1.

the tractor must be unladen, i.e. without optional accessories, but must include coolant, lubricant, full fuel tank, tools and driver. The latter may not wear any abnormally thick clothing, scarf or hat. There may be no object on the tractor likely to distort the noise level;

2.2.

the tyres must be inflated to the pressure recommended by the tractor manufacturer, the engine, transmission and drive axles must be at normal running temperature and radiator blinds when fitted must be kept open during measurements;

2.3.

if it is liable to affect the noise level, extra equipment powered by the engine or self-powered such as windscreen wipers, warm air fan or power take-off, may not be in operation when measurements are being made; parts which normally operate at the same time as the engine, such as the engine cooling fan, must be in operation when measurements are being made;

2.4.

the test area must be in an open and sufficiently silent location; it may take the form, for instance, of an open space of 50-metre radius, having a central part with a radius of at least 20 m which is practically level, or of a level section having a solid track with as flat a surface and as few gullies as possible. The track must be as clean and dry as possible (e.g. free of gravel, leaves, snow, etc.). Slopes and irregularities are acceptable only if the variations in noise level caused by them lie within the error tolerances of the measuring equipment;

2.5.

the surface of the track must be such as not to cause excessive tyre noise;

2.6.

the weather must be fine and dry with little or no wind.

The driver-perceived ambient noise level due to the wind or other sources of noise must be at least 10 dB(A) below the noise level of the tractor;

2.7.

if a vehicle is used for measurements, it must be towed or driven at a sufficient distance from the tractor to avoid all interference. During measurements no object interfering with the measurements or reflective surfaces may be located within 20 m of each side of the test track or less than 20 m to the front or rear of the tractor. This condition can be considered fulfilled if the variations in noise level thus caused remain within the error tolerances; if not, the measurements must be discontinued for the duration of the interference;

2.8.

all measurements in a given series must be carried out on the same track.

3.   METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

3.1.

The microphone must be located 250 mm to the side of the centre plane of the seat, the side being that on which the higher noise level is encountered.

The microphone diaphragm must face forward and the centre of the microphone must be 790 mm above and 150 mm forward of the seat reference point described in Annex III. Excessive vibration of the microphone must be avoided.

3.2.

The maximum noise level in dB(A) shall be determined as follows:

3.2.1.

all openings (e.g. doors, windows) in tractors having a closed series-produced cab structure must be closed during an initial series of measurements;

3.2.1.1.

during a second series of measurements, they must be left open, provided that, when open, they do not create a road safety hazard, but fold-down or fold-up windscreens must remain closed;

3.2.2.

noise must be measured using slow sound-level meter response at the load corresponding to the maximum noise in the gear giving the forward speed nearest to 7.5 km/h.

The governor control lever must be fully open. Starting with no load, the load applied must be increased until the maximum noise level is found. After each increase of load, time must be allowed for the noise level to stabilise before making the measurement;

3.2.3.

noise must be measured using slow sound-level meter response at the load corresponding to the maximum noise in any gear other than that referred to in point 3.2.2 in which the noise level recorded is at least 1 dB(A) above that recorded in the gear referred to in point 3.2.2.

The governor control lever must be fully open. Starting with no load, the load applied must be increased until the maximum noise level is found. After each increase of load, time must be allowed for the noise level to stabilise before making the measurement;

3.2.4.

noise must be measured at the maximum design speed of the unladen tractor.

3.3.

The test report shall include noise-level measurements carried out under the following conditions:

3.3.1.

in the gear giving the speed nearest to 7.5 km/h;

3.3.2.

in any gear, if the conditions described in point 3.2.3 are fulfilled;

3.3.3.

at maximum design speed.

4.   ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

The measurements described in points 3.2.1, 3.2.2, 3.2.3 and 3.2.4 may not exceed the values laid down in Article 2.


ANNEX II

APPARATUS, CONDITIONS AND METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

1.   UNIT OF MEASUREMENT AND MEASURING APPARATUS

1.1.   Unit of measurement

Noise level LA shall be measured in dB with A-weighting, expressed as dB(A).

1.2.   Measuring apparatus

Driver-perceived noise level shall be measured by means of a sound-level meter as described in the first edition of publication 179/1965 of the International Electrotechnical Commission.

In the case of variable readings, the average of the maximum values must be taken.

2.   CONDITIONS OF MEASUREMENT

Measurements shall be made under the following conditions:

2.1.

the tractor must be unladen, i.e. without optional accessories, but must include coolant, lubricant; full fuel tank, tools and driver. The latter may not wear any abnormally thick clothing, scarf or hat. There may be no object on the tractor likely to distort the noise level;

2.2.

the tyres must be inflated to the pressure recommended by the tractor manufacturer, the engine, transmission and drive axles must be at normal running temperature and, if the engine has cooling louvres, these must remain completely open;

2.3.

if it is liable to affect the noise level, extra equipment powered by the engine or self-powered such as windscreen wipers, warm air fan or power take-off, for example, may not be in operation when measurements are being made; parts which normally operate at the same time as the engine, such as the engine cooling fan, for example, must be in operation when measurements are being made;

2.4.

the test area must be in an open and sufficiently silent location: it may take the form, for instance, of an open space of 50-metre radius, having a central part with a radius of at least 20 m which is practically level, or of a level section having a solid track with as flat a surface and as few gullies as possible. The track must be as clean and dry as possible (e.g. free of gravel, leaves, snow, etc.). Slopes and irregularities are acceptable only if the variations in noise level caused by them lie within the error tolerances of the measuring equipment;

2.5.

the surface of the track must be such as not to cause excessive tyre noise;

2.6.

the weather must be fine and dry with little or no wind.

The driver-perceived ambient noise level due to the wind or other sources of noise must be at least 10 dB(A) below the noise level of the tractor;

2.7.

if a vehicle is used for measurements, it must be towed or driven at a sufficient distance from the tractor to avoid all interference. During measurements no object interfering with the measurements or reflective surfaces may be located within 20 m of each side of the test track or less than 20 m to the front or rear of the tractor. This condition can be considered fulfilled if the variations in noise level thus caused remain within the error tolerances; if not, the measurements must be discontinued for the duration of the interference;

2.8.

all measurements in a given series must be carried out on the same track.

3.   METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

3.1.

The microphone must be located 250 mm to the side of the central plane of the seat, the side being that on which the higher noise level is encountered.

The microphone diaphragm must face forward and the centre of the microphone shall be 790 mm above and 150 mm forward of the seat reference point described in Annex III. Excessive vibration of the microphone must be avoided.

3.2.

Noise level shall be determined as follows:

3.2.1.

the tractor must travel along the section at the same test speed at least three times for at least 10 seconds;

3.2.2.

all openings (e.g. doors, windows) in tractors having a closed series-produced cab structure must be closed during an initial series of measurements;

3.2.2.1.

during a second series of measurements they must be left open, provided that when open they do not create a road safety hazard, but fold-down or fold-up windscreens must remain closed;

3.2.3.

noise must be measured at the maximum rpm using slow sound-level meter response i.e. in the gear giving the speed nearest to 7.5 km/h at the rated rpm. The tractor must be unladen when measurements are being made.

4.   ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

The measurements described in points 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 may not exceed the values laid down in Article 2.


ANNEX III

DETERMINATION OF SEAT REFERENCE POINT

1.   DEFINITION

1.1.

The seat reference point (S) shall be the point in the central longitudinal plane of the seat where the tangential plane of the lower backrest and a horizontal plane intersect. This horizontal plane cuts the lower surface of the seat-pan board 150 mm in front of the seat reference point.

2.   DETERMINATION OF SEAT REFERENCE POINT

2.1.

The reference point shall be obtained using the device illustrated in figures 1 and 2 of the Appendix to this Annex, which makes it possible to simulate loading by a human occupant.

2.2.

The seat must be set at the mid-point of the range allowed for vertical adjustment, this adjustment being independent of the horizontal adjustment. For the purposes of determining the microphone location referred to in point 3 of Annexes I and II, the seat must be at or as near as possible to the mid-point of the horizontal adjustment range.

3.   DESCRIPTION OF THE DEVICE

3.1.

The device referred to in point 2.1 shall consist of a seat-pan board and two backrest boards.

3.2.

The lower backrest board shall be jointed in the region of the ischium humps (A) and loin (B), the joint (B) being adjustable in height (see figure 2).

4.   SETTING UP THE DEVICE

The device shall be set up as follows:

4.1.

the device shall be positioned on the seat;

4.2.

it shall then be loaded with a force of 550 N at a point 50 mm in front of joint (A), and the two backrest boards shall be lightly pressed tangentially against the backrest;

4.3.

if it is not possible to determine a definite tangent to the lower area of the backrest, the lower backrest board in vertical position must be lightly pressed against the backrest;

4.4.

in the case of seats with a suspension adjustable to the driver’s weight, the suspension shall be set so that the seat is at a point equidistant from its two extreme positions.

Appendix

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ANNEX IV

PART A

Repealed Directive with list of its successive amendments

(referred to in Article 7)

Council Directive 77/311/EEC

(OJ L 105, 28.4.1977, p. 1).

 

Council Directive 82/890/EEC

(OJ L 378, 31.12.1982, p. 45).

Only the references made by Article 1(1) to Directive 77/311/EEC

Directive 97/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

(OJ L 277, 10.10.1997, p. 24).

Only the references made by Article 1, first indent, to Directive 77/311/EEC

Commission Decision 96/627/EC

(OJ L 282, 1.11.1996, p. 72).

 

Commission Decision 2000/63/EC

(OJ L 22, 27.1.2000, p. 66).

 

Commission Directive 2006/26/EC

(OJ L 65, 7.3.2006, p. 22).

Only Article 2 and Annex II

PART B

List of time-limits for transposition into national law and application

(referred to in Article 7)

Act

Time-limit for transposition

Date of application

77/311/EEC

1 October 1978

82/890/EEC

22 June 1984

97/54/EC

22 September 1998

23 September 1998

96/627/EC

29 September 1999

2006/63/EC

30 September 2001

2006/26/EC

31 December 2006 (1)


(1)  In accordance with Article 5 of Directive 2006/26/EC:

‘1.   With effect from 1 January 2007, with respect to vehicles which comply with the requirements laid down respectively in Directives 74/151/EEC, 78/933/EEC, 77/311/EEC and 89/173/EEC, as amended by this Directive, Member States shall not, on grounds relating to the subject-matter of the Directive concerned:

(a)

refuse to grant EC type-approval or to grant national type-approval;

(b)

prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such a vehicle.

2.   With effect from 1 July 2007, with respect to vehicles which do not comply with the requirements laid down respectively in Directives 74/151/EEC, 78/933/EEC, 77/311/EEC and 89/173/EEC, as amended by this Directive, and on grounds relating to the subject-matter of the Directive concerned, Member States:

(a)

shall no longer grant EC type-approval;

(b)

may refuse to grant national type-approval.

3.   With effect from 1 July 2009, with respect to vehicles which do not comply with the requirements laid down respectively in Directives 74/151/EEC, 78/933/EEC, 77/311/EEC and 89/173/EEC, as amended by this Directive, and on grounds relating to the subject-matter of the Directive concerned, Member States:

(a)

shall consider certificates of conformity which accompany new vehicles in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2003/37/EC to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 7(1);

(b)

may refuse the registration, sale or entry into service of those new vehicles.’.


ANNEX V

Correlation Table

Directive 77/311/EEC

Directive 2006/26/EC

This Directive

Article 1

 

Article 1

Article 2(1), first subparagraph

 

Article 2(1) and (4)

Article 2(1), second subparagraph

 

Article 2(2)

 

 

Article 5(2)

Article 2(2)

 

Article 5(3)

Article 2(3)

Articles 3, 4 and 5

 

Article 3, 4 and 5

Article 6(1)

 

Article 6(2)

 

Article 6

 

 

Article 7

 

 

Article 8

Article 7

 

Article 9

Annex I

 

Annex I

Annex II

 

Annex II

Annex III

 

Annex III

 

Annex IV

 

Annex V


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