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Document 32021R1881

Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1881 of 26 October 2021 amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for imidacloprid in or on certain products (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2021/7529

OJ L 380, 27/10/2021, p. 5–19 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2021/1881/oj

27.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 380/5


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2021/1881

of 26 October 2021

amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for imidacloprid in or on certain products

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC (1), and in particular Article 14(1)(a) and Article 49(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) for imidacloprid were set in Part A of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(2)

The European Food Safety Authority (‘the Authority’) submitted a reasoned opinion on the review of the existing MRLs for imidacloprid in accordance with Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 (2). The Authority recommended setting the residue definition as imidacloprid only. It identified a risk for consumers concerning the MRLs for escaroles/broad-leaved endives. It is therefore appropriate to lower this MRL to the specific limit of determination (LOD). The Authority recommended lowering the MRLs for pecans, bananas, tomatoes, sweet peppers/bell peppers, aubergines/eggplants, cucumbers, gherkins, courgettes and products of animal origin. The MRLs for those products should be set in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 at the level identified by the Authority.

(3)

The Authority concluded that concerning the MRLs for citrus fruits, grapes, blueberries, cranberries, okra/lady’s fingers, cucurbits with inedible peel, beans (with and without pods), peas (with and without pods), beans, peanuts/groundnuts, coffee beans and hops, some information was not available and that further consideration by risk managers was required. As there is no risk for consumers, the MRLs for those products should also be set in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 at the level identified by the Authority. These MRLs will be reviewed; the review will take into account the information available within one year from the publication of this Regulation.

(4)

Existing Codex maximum residue limits (CXLs) were taken into account in the reasoned opinions of the Authority. Concerning the CXLs, the Authority concluded that they are not compatible with the EU residue definition and recommended not to include the existing CXLs in Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. It is therefore appropriate to set those MRLs to the level identified by the Authority.

(5)

As regards products on which the use of the plant protection product concerned is not authorised, and for which no import tolerances or CXLs exist, MRLs should be set at the specific LOD or the default MRL should apply, as provided for in Article 18(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(6)

The Commission consulted the European Union reference laboratories for residues of pesticides as regards the need to adapt certain limits of determination. Those laboratories concluded that for certain commodities technical development requires the setting of specific LODs.

(7)

Based on the reasoned opinions of the Authority and taking into account the factors relevant to the matter under consideration, the appropriate modifications to the MRLs fulfil the requirements of Article 14(2) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(8)

Through the World Trade Organisation, the trading partners of the Union were consulted on the new MRLs and their comments have been taken into account.

(9)

Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(10)

In order to allow for the normal marketing, processing and consumption of products, this Regulation should provide for a transitional arrangement for products which have been produced before the modification of the MRLs and for which information shows that a high level of consumer protection is maintained.

(11)

A reasonable period should be allowed to elapse before the modified MRLs become applicable in order to permit Member States, third countries and food business operators to prepare themselves to meet the new requirements which will result from the modification of the MRLs.

(12)

The approval of imidacloprid expired on 1 December 2020 (3). Any grace periods that may have been granted by Member States will expire on 1 June 2022. A further review of maximum residue levels is envisaged after that date.

(13)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 are amended in accordance with the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

As regards the active substance imidacloprid in and on all products except escaroles, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 as it stood before being amended by this Regulation shall continue to apply to products, which were produced in the Union or imported into the Union before 16 May 2022.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 16 May 2022.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 26 October 2021.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)   OJ L 070, 16.3.2005, p. 1.

(2)  European Food Safety Authority; Reasoned opinion on the review of the existing maximum residue levels for imidacloprid according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. EFSA Journal 2019;17(1):5570.

(3)   OJ L 370, 6.11.2020, p. 18.


ANNEX

Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 are amended as follows:

(1)

in Annex II the following column for imidacloprid is added:

Pesticide residues and maximum residue levels (mg/kg)

Code number

Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs apply  (1)

Imidacloprid

(1)

(2)

(3)

0100000

FRUITS, FRESH or FROZEN; TREE NUTS

 

0110000

Citrus fruits

0,9 (+)

0110010

Grapefruits

(+)

0110020

Oranges

(+)

0110030

Lemons

(+)

0110040

Limes

(+)

0110050

Mandarins

(+)

0110990

Others (2)

(+)

0120000

Tree nuts

0,01  (*1)

0120010

Almonds

 

0120020

Brazil nuts

 

0120030

Cashew nuts

 

0120040

Chestnuts

 

0120050

Coconuts

 

0120060

Hazelnuts/cobnuts

 

0120070

Macadamias

 

0120080

Pecans

 

0120090

Pine nut kernels

 

0120100

Pistachios

 

0120110

Walnuts

 

0120990

Others (2)

 

0130000

Pome fruits

0,01  (*1)

0130010

Apples

 

0130020

Pears

 

0130030

Quinces

 

0130040

Medlars

 

0130050

Loquats/Japanese medlars

 

0130990

Others (2)

 

0140000

Stone fruits

0,01  (*1)

0140010

Apricots

 

0140020

Cherries (sweet)

 

0140030

Peaches

 

0140040

Plums

 

0140990

Others (2)

 

0150000

Berries and small fruits

 

0151000

(a)

grapes

0,7 (+)

0151010

Table grapes

(+)

0151020

Wine grapes

(+)

0152000

(b)

strawberries

0,01  (*1)

0153000

(c)

cane fruits

0,01  (*1)

0153010

Blackberries

 

0153020

Dewberries

 

0153030

Raspberries (red and yellow)

 

0153990

Others (2)

 

0154000

(d)

other small fruits and berries

 

0154010

Blueberries

5 (+)

0154020

Cranberries

5 (+)

0154030

Currants (black, red and white)

0,01  (*1)

0154040

Gooseberries (green, red and yellow)

0,01  (*1)

0154050

Rose hips

0,01  (*1)

0154060

Mulberries (black and white)

0,01  (*1)

0154070

Azaroles/Mediterranean medlars

0,01  (*1)

0154080

Elderberries

0,01  (*1)

0154990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0160000

Miscellaneous fruits with

0,01  (*1)

0161000

(a)

edible peel

 

0161010

Dates

 

0161020

Figs

 

0161030

Table olives

 

0161040

Kumquats

 

0161050

Carambolas

 

0161060

Kaki/Japanese persimmons

 

0161070

Jambuls/jambolans

 

0161990

Others (2)

 

0162000

(b)

inedible peel, small

 

0162010

Kiwi fruits (green, red, yellow)

 

0162020

Litchis/lychees

 

0162030

Passionfruits/maracujas

 

0162040

Prickly pears/cactus fruits

 

0162050

Star apples/cainitos

 

0162060

American persimmons/Virginia kaki

 

0162990

Others (2)

 

0163000

(c)

inedible peel, large

 

0163010

Avocados

 

0163020

Bananas

 

0163030

Mangoes

 

0163040

Papayas

 

0163050

Granate apples/pomegranates

 

0163060

Cherimoyas

 

0163070

Guavas

 

0163080

Pineapples

 

0163090

Breadfruits

 

0163100

Durians

 

0163110

Soursops/guanabanas

 

0163990

Others (2)

 

0200000

VEGETABLES, FRESH or FROZEN

 

0210000

Root and tuber vegetables

0,01  (*1)

0211000

(a)

potatoes

 

0212000

(b)

tropical root and tuber vegetables

 

0212010

Cassava roots/manioc

 

0212020

Sweet potatoes

 

0212030

Yams

 

0212040

Arrowroots

 

0212990

Others (2)

 

0213000

(c)

other root and tuber vegetables except sugar beets

 

0213010

Beetroots

 

0213020

Carrots

 

0213030

Celeriacs/turnip rooted celeries

 

0213040

Horseradishes

 

0213050

Jerusalem artichokes

 

0213060

Parsnips

 

0213070

Parsley roots/Hamburg roots parsley

 

0213080

Radishes

 

0213090

Salsifies

 

0213100

Swedes/rutabagas

 

0213110

Turnips

 

0213990

Others (2)

 

0220000

Bulb vegetables

0,01  (*1)

0220010

Garlic

 

0220020

Onions

 

0220030

Shallots

 

0220040

Spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions

 

0220990

Others (2)

 

0230000

Fruiting vegetables

 

0231000

(a)

Solanaceae and Malvaceae

 

0231010

Tomatoes

0,3

0231020

Sweet peppers/bell peppers

0,9

0231030

Aubergines/eggplants

0,3

0231040

Okra/lady's fingers

0,5 (+)

0231990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0232000

(b)

cucurbits with edible peel

 

0232010

Cucumbers

0,5

0232020

Gherkins

0,4

0232030

Courgettes

0,4

0232990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0233000

(c)

cucurbits with inedible peel

0,15 (+)

0233010

Melons

(+)

0233020

Pumpkins

(+)

0233030

Watermelons

(+)

0233990

Others (2)

(+)

0234000

(d)

sweet corn

0,01  (*1)

0239000

(e)

other fruiting vegetables

0,01  (*1)

0240000

Brassica vegetables(excluding brassica roots and brassica baby leaf crops)

0,01  (*1)

0241000

(a)

flowering brassica

 

0241010

Broccoli

 

0241020

Cauliflowers

 

0241990

Others (2)

 

0242000

(b)

head brassica

 

0242010

Brussels sprouts

 

0242020

Head cabbages

 

0242990

Others (2)

 

0243000

(c)

leafy brassica

 

0243010

Chinese cabbages/pe-tsai

 

0243020

Kales

 

0243990

Others (2)

 

0244000

(d)

kohlrabies

 

0250000

Leaf vegetables, herbs and edible flowers

 

0251000

(a)

lettuces and salad plants

0,01  (*1)

0251010

Lamb's lettuces/corn salads

 

0251020

Lettuces

 

0251030

Escaroles/broad-leaved endives

 

0251040

Cresses and other sprouts and shoots

 

0251050

Land cresses

 

0251060

Roman rocket/rucola

 

0251070

Red mustards

 

0251080

Baby leaf crops (including brassica species)

 

0251990

Others (2)

 

0252000

(b)

spinaches and similar leaves

0,01  (*1)

0252010

Spinaches

 

0252020

Purslanes

 

0252030

Chards/beet leaves

 

0252990

Others (2)

 

0253000

(c)

grape leaves and similar species

0,01  (*1)

0254000

(d)

watercresses

0,01  (*1)

0255000

(e)

witloofs/Belgian endives

0,01  (*1)

0256000

(f)

herbs and edible flowers

0,05  (*1)

0256010

Chervil

 

0256020

Chives

 

0256030

Celery leaves

 

0256040

Parsley

 

0256050

Sage

 

0256060

Rosemary

 

0256070

Thyme

 

0256080

Basil and edible flowers

 

0256090

Laurel/bay leaves

 

0256100

Tarragon

 

0256990

Others (2)

 

0260000

Legume vegetables

 

0260010

Beans (with pods)

5 (+)

0260020

Beans (without pods)

2 (+)

0260030

Peas (with pods)

5 (+)

0260040

Peas (without pods)

2 (+)

0260050

Lentils

0,01  (*1)

0260990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0270000

Stem vegetables

0,01  (*1)

0270010

Asparagus

 

0270020

Cardoons

 

0270030

Celeries

 

0270040

Florence fennels

 

0270050

Globe artichokes

 

0270060

Leeks

 

0270070

Rhubarbs

 

0270080

Bamboo shoots

 

0270090

Palm hearts

 

0270990

Others (2)

 

0280000

Fungi, mosses and lichens

0,01  (*1)

0280010

Cultivated fungi

 

0280020

Wild fungi

 

0280990

Mosses and lichens

 

0290000

Algae and prokaryotes organisms

0,01  (*1)

0300000

PULSES

 

0300010

Beans

2 (+)

0300020

Lentils

0,01  (*1)

0300030

Peas

0,01  (*1)

0300040

Lupins/lupini beans

0,01  (*1)

0300990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0400000

OILSEEDS AND OIL FRUITS

 

0401000

Oilseeds

 

0401010

Linseeds

0,01  (*1)

0401020

Peanuts/groundnuts

0,5 (+)

0401030

Poppy seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401040

Sesame seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401050

Sunflower seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401060

Rapeseeds/canola seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401070

Soyabeans

0,01  (*1)

0401080

Mustard seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401090

Cotton seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401100

Pumpkin seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401110

Safflower seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401120

Borage seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401130

Gold of pleasure seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401140

Hemp seeds

0,01  (*1)

0401150

Castor beans

0,01  (*1)

0401990

Others (2)

0,01  (*1)

0402000

Oil fruits

0,01  (*1)

0402010

Olives for oil production

 

0402020

Oil palms kernels

 

0402030

Oil palms fruits

 

0402040

Kapok

 

0402990

Others (2)

 

0500000

CEREALS

0,01  (*1)

0500010

Barley

 

0500020

Buckwheat and other pseudocereals

 

0500030

Maize/corn

 

0500040

Common millet/proso millet

 

0500050

Oat

 

0500060

Rice

 

0500070

Rye

 

0500080

Sorghum

 

0500090

Wheat

 

0500990

Others (2)

 

0600000

TEAS, COFFEE, HERBAL INFUSIONS, COCOA AND CAROBS

 

0610000

Teas

0,05  (*1)

0620000

Coffee beans

1 (+)

0630000

Herbal infusions from

0,05  (*1)

0631000

(a)

flowers

 

0631010

Chamomile

 

0631020

Hibiscus/roselle

 

0631030

Rose

 

0631040

Jasmine

 

0631050

Lime/linden

 

0631990

Others (2)

 

0632000

(b)

leaves and herbs

 

0632010

Strawberry

 

0632020

Rooibos

 

0632030

Mate/maté

 

0632990

Others (2)

 

0633000

(c)

roots

 

0633010

Valerian

 

0633020

Ginseng

 

0633990

Others (2)

 

0639000

(d)

any other parts of the plant

 

0640000

Cocoa beans

0,05  (*1)

0650000

Carobs/Saint John's breads

0,05  (*1)

0700000

HOPS

15 (+)

0800000

SPICES

 

0810000

Seed spices

0,05  (*1)

0810010

Anise/aniseed

 

0810020

Black caraway/black cumin

 

0810030

Celery

 

0810040

Coriander

 

0810050

Cumin

 

0810060

Dill

 

0810070

Fennel

 

0810080

Fenugreek

 

0810090

Nutmeg

 

0810990

Others (2)

 

0820000

Fruit spices

0,05  (*1)

0820010

Allspice/pimento

 

0820020

Sichuan pepper

 

0820030

Caraway

 

0820040

Cardamom

 

0820050

Juniper berry

 

0820060

Peppercorn (black, green and white)

 

0820070

Vanilla

 

0820080

Tamarind

 

0820990

Others (2)

 

0830000

Bark spices

0,05  (*1)

0830010

Cinnamon

 

0830990

Others (2)

 

0840000

Root and rhizome spices

 

0840010

Liquorice

0,05  (*1)

0840020

Ginger (10)

 

0840030

Turmeric/curcuma

0,05  (*1)

0840040

Horseradish (11)

(+)

0840990

Others (2)

0,05  (*1)

0850000

Bud spices

0,05  (*1)

0850010

Cloves

 

0850020

Capers

 

0850990

Others (2)

 

0860000

Flower pistil spices

0,05  (*1)

0860010

Saffron

 

0860990

Others (2)

 

0870000

Aril spices

0,05  (*1)

0870010

Mace

 

0870990

Others (2)

 

0900000

SUGAR PLANTS

0,01  (*1)

0900010

Sugar beet roots

 

0900020

Sugar canes

 

0900030

Chicory roots

 

0900990

Others (2)

 

1000000

PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN -TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS

 

1010000

Commodities from

0,01  (*1)

1011000

(a)

swine

 

1011010

Muscle

 

1011020

Fat

 

1011030

Liver

 

1011040

Kidney

 

1011050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1011990

Others (2)

 

1012000

(b)

bovine

 

1012010

Muscle

 

1012020

Fat

 

1012030

Liver

 

1012040

Kidney

 

1012050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1012990

Others (2)

 

1013000

(c)

sheep

 

1013010

Muscle

 

1013020

Fat

 

1013030

Liver

 

1013040

Kidney

 

1013050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1013990

Others (2)

 

1014000

(d)

goat

 

1014010

Muscle

 

1014020

Fat

 

1014030

Liver

 

1014040

Kidney

 

1014050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1014990

Others (2)

 

1015000

(e)

equine

 

1015010

Muscle

 

1015020

Fat

 

1015030

Liver

 

1015040

Kidney

 

1015050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1015990

Others (2)

 

1016000

(f)

poultry

 

1016010

Muscle

 

1016020

Fat

 

1016030

Liver

 

1016040

Kidney

 

1016050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1016990

Others (2)

 

1017000

(g)

other farmed terrestrial animals

 

1017010

Muscle

 

1017020

Fat

 

1017030

Liver

 

1017040

Kidney

 

1017050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1017990

Others (2)

 

1020000

Milk

0,01  (*1)

1020010

Cattle

 

1020020

Sheep

 

1020030

Goat

 

1020040

Horse

 

1020990

Others (2)

 

1030000

Birds eggs

0,01  (*1)

1030010

Chicken

 

1030020

Duck

 

1030030

Geese

 

1030040

Quail

 

1030990

Others (2)

 

1040000

Honey and other apiculture products (7)

0,05  (*1)

1050000

Amphibians and Reptiles

0,01  (*1)

1060000

Terrestrial invertebrate animals

0,01  (*1)

1070000

Wild terrestrial vertebrate animals

0,01  (*1)

1100000

PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN - FISH, FISH PRODUCTS AND ANY OTHER MARINE AND FRESHWATER FOOD PRODUCTS (8)

 

1200000

PRODUCTS OR PART OF PRODUCTS EXCLUSIVELY USED FOR ANIMAL FEED PRODUCTION (8)

 

1300000

PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS (9)

 

Imidacloprid

The European Food Safety Authority identified some information on residue trials and on analytical and/or confirmatory methods as unavailable. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information referred to in the first sentence, if it is submitted by 27 October 2022, or, if that information is not submitted by that date, the lack of it.

0620000 Coffee beans

The European Food Safety Authority identified some information on residue trials as unavailable. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information referred to in the first sentence, if it is submitted by 27 October 2022, or, if that information is not submitted by that date, the lack of it.

0110000 Citrus fruits

0110010 Grapefruits

0110020 Oranges

0110030 Lemons

0110040 Limes

0110050 Mandarins

0110990 Others (2)

0151000 (a) grapes

0151010 Table grapes

0151020 Wine grapes

0154010 Blueberries

0154020 Cranberries

0231040 Okra/lady's fingers

0233000 (c) cucurbits with inedible peel

0233010 Melons

0233020 Pumpkins

0233030 Watermelons

0233990 Others (2)

0260010 Beans (with pods)

0260020 Beans (without pods)

0260030 Peas (with pods)

0260040 Peas (without pods)

0300010 Beans

0401020 Peanuts/groundnuts

0700000 HOPS

The applicable maximum residue level for horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) in the spice group (code 0840040) is the one set for horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) in the Vegetables category, root and tuber vegetables group (code 0213040) taking into account changes in the levels by processing (drying) according to Art. 20 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

0840040 Horseradish (11)

(2)

in Part A of Annex III the column for imidacloprid is deleted.


(*1)  Indicates lower limit of analytical determination

(1)  For the complete list of products of plant and animal origin to which MRL's apply, reference should be made to Annex I


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