EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32005D0614

2005/614/EC: Council Decision of 18 July 2005 on the accession of the European Community to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No 94 on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision and Regulation No 95 on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a lateral collision (Text with EEA relevance)

OJ L 217, 22.8.2005, p. 1–2 (ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, NL, PL, PT, SK, SL, FI, SV)
OJ L 168M, 21.6.2006, p. 71–72 (MT)

This document has been published in a special edition(s) (BG, RO, HR)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2005/614/oj

22.8.2005   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 217/1


COUNCIL DECISION

of 18 July 2005

on the accession of the European Community to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No 94 on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision and Regulation No 95 on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a lateral collision

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2005/614/CE)

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Decision 97/836/EC of 27 November 1997 with a view to accession by the European Community to the Agreement of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the adoption of uniform technical prescriptions for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts which can be fitted to and/or be used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for reciprocal recognition of approvals granted on the basis of these prescriptions (Revised 1958 Agreement) (1), and in particular Article 3(3) and 4(2) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the assent of the European Parliament (2),

Whereas:

(1)

The standardised requirements of Regulation No 94 and Regulation No 95 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of frontal and lateral collisions are intended to remove technical barriers to the trade in motor vehicles between the contracting parties and ensure a high level of safety and protection for vehicle occupants.

(2)

Regulation No 94 and Regulation No 95 were not included in Annex II to Council Decision 97/836/EC as they did not comport with Community technical requirements and specifications at the time of Community accession to the Revised 1958 Agreement.

(3)

Having regard to the subsequent amendments to Regulation No 94 (3) and Regulation No 95 (4), those Regulations should now be incorporated into the Community system for the type approval of motor vehicles,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Article 1

1.   The Community shall apply Regulation No 94 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision

2.   The Community shall apply Regulation No 95 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a lateral collision.

3.   The texts of the Regulations are attached to this Decision.

Article 2

Regulation No 94 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision and Regulation No 95 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a lateral collision shall be incorporated into the Community type-approval system for motor vehicles.

Article 3

This Decision shall be notified by the Commission to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Done at Brussels, 18 July 2005.

For the Council

The President

M. BECKETT


(1)   OJ L 346, 17.12.1997, p. 78.

(2)  Assent delivered on 6 July 2005 (not yet published in the Official Journal).

(3)  UN Document E/ECE/324, E/ECE/TRANS/505, Rev. 1/Add. 93, as amended by Amendments 1, 2, 2(Corrigendum 1), 3 and 4

(4)  UN Document E/ECE/324, E/ECE/TRANS/505, Rev. 1/Add. 94, as amended by Amendments 1, 1(Corrigendum 1), (Corrigendum 1), 2 and 3.


ANNEX

Regulation No 94 Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision

CONTENTS

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Approval

5.

Specifications

6.

Instructions for users of vehicles equipped with airbags

7.

Modification and extension of approval of the vehicle type

8.

Conformity of production

9.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.

Production definitely discontinued

11.

Transitional provisions

12.

Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of administrative departments

Annexes

Annex 1

Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a frontal collision, pursuant to Regulation No 94

Annex 2

Arrangements of the approval mark

Annex 3

Test procedure

Annex 4

Determination of performance criteria

Annex 5

Arrangement and installation of dummies and adjustment of restraint systems

Annex 6

Procedure for determining the ‘H’ point and the actual torso angle for seating positions in motor vehicles

Appendix 1

Description of the three-dimensional ‘H’ point machine

Appendix 2

Three-dimensional reference system

Appendix 3

Reference data concerning seating positions

Annex 7

Test procedure with trolley

Appendix

Equivalence curve - Tolerance band for curve

Formula

Annex 8

Technique of measurement in measurement tests: instrumentation

Annex 9

Definition of the deformable barrier

Annex 10

Certification procedure for the dummy lower leg and foot

1.   SCOPE

1.1.   This Regulation applies to power-driven vehicles of category M1  (1) of a total permissible mass not exceeding 2,5 tonnes; heavier vehicles may be approved at the request of the manufacturer.

1.2.   It shall apply at the request of the manufacturer for the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the protection of the occupants of the front outboard seats in the event of a frontal collision.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Regulation:

2.1.    ‘Protective system’ means interior fittings and devices intended to restrain the occupants and contribute towards ensuring compliance with the requirements set out in paragraph 5 below;

2.2.    ‘Type of protective system’ means a category of protective devices which do not differ in such essential respects as:

their technology;

their geometry;

their constituent materials;

2.3.    ‘Vehicle width’ means the distance between two planes parallel to the longitudinal median plane (of the vehicle) and touching the vehicle on either side of the said plane but excluding the rear-view mirrors, side marker lamps, tyre pressure indicators, direction indicator lamps, position lamps, flexible mudguards and the deflected part of the tyre sidewalls immediately above the point of contact with the ground;

2.4.    ‘Overlap’ means the percentage of the vehicle width directly in line with the barrier face;

2.5.    ‘Deformable barrier face’ means a crushable section mounted on the front of a rigid block;

‘Vehicle type’ means a category of power-driven vehicles which do not differ in such essential respects as:

2.6.1.   the length and width of the vehicle, in so far as they have a negative effect on the results of the impact test prescribed in this Regulation;

2.6.2.   the structure, dimensions, lines and materials of the part of the vehicle forward of the transverse plane through the ‘R’ point of the driver’s seat, in so far as they have a negative effect on the results of the impact test prescribed in this Regulation;

2.6.3.   the lines and inside dimensions of the passenger compartment and the type of protective system, in so far as they have a negative effect on the results of the impact test prescribed in this Regulation;

2.6.4.   the siting (front, rear or centre) and the orientation (transversal or longitudinal) of the engine;

2.6.5.   the unladen mass, in so far as there is a negative effect on the result of the impact test prescribed in this Regulation;

2.6.6.   the optional arrangements or fittings provided by the manufacturer, in so far as they have a negative effect on the result of the impact test prescribed in this Regulation;

2.7.    ‘Passenger compartment’ means the space for occupant accommodation, bounded by the roof, floor, sidewalls, doors, outside glazing and front bulkhead and the plane of the rear compartment bulkhead or the plane of the rear-seat back support;

2.8.    ‘ “R” point’ means a reference point defined for each seat by the manufacturer in relation to the vehicle’s structure, as indicated in Annex 6;

2.9.    ‘ “H” point’ means a reference point determined for each seat by the testing service responsible for approval, in accordance with the procedure described in Annex 6;

2.10.    ‘unladen kerb mass’ means the mass of the vehicle in running order, unoccupied and unladen but complete with fuel, coolant, lubricant, tools and a spare wheel (if these are provided as standard equipment by the vehicle manufacturer);

2.11.    ‘airbag’ means a device installed to supplement safety belts and restraint systems in power-driven vehicles, i.e. systems which, in the event of a severe impact affecting the vehicle, automatically deploy a flexible structure intended to limit, by compression of the gas contained within it, the gravity of the contacts of one or more parts of the body of an occupant of the vehicle with the interior of the passenger compartment;

2.12.    ‘passenger airbag’ means an airbag assembly intended to protect occupant(s) in seats other than the driver’s in the event of a frontal collision;

2.13.    ‘child restraint’ means an arrangement of components which may comprise a combination of straps or flexible components with a securing buckle, adjusting devices, attachments, and in some cases a supplementary chair and/or an impact shield, capable of being anchored to a power-driven vehicle. It is so designed as to diminish the risk of injury to the wearer, in the event of a collision or of abrupt deceleration of the vehicle by limiting the mobility of the wearer’s body;

2.14.    ‘rearward-facing’ means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.   The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the protection of the occupants of the front seats in the event of a frontal collision shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.

It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and following particulars:

3.2.1.   a detailed description of the vehicle type with respect to its structure, dimensions, lines and constituent materials;

3.2.2.   photographs, and/or diagrams and drawings of the vehicle showing the vehicle type in front, side and rear elevation and design details of the forward part of the structure;

3.2.3.   particulars of the vehicle’s unladen kerb mass;

3.2.4.   the lines and inside dimensions of the passenger compartment;

3.2.5.   a description of the interior fittings and protective systems installed in the vehicle.

3.3.   The applicant for approval shall be entitled to present any data and results of tests carried out which make it possible to establish that compliance with the requirements can be achieved with a sufficient degree of confidence.

A vehicle which is representative of the type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting the approval tests.

3.4.1.   A vehicle not comprising all the components proper to the type may be accepted for test provided that it can be shown that the absence of the components omitted has no detrimental effect on the results of the test in so far as the requirements of this Regulation are concerned.

3.4.2.   It shall be the responsibility of the applicant for approval to show that the application of paragraph 3.4.1 is compatible with compliance with the requirements of this Regulation.

4.   APPROVAL

If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of this Regulation, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

4.1.1.   The technical service appointed in accordance with paragraph 10 below shall check whether the required conditions have been satisfied.

4.1.2.   In case of doubt, account shall be taken, when verifying the conformity of the vehicle to the requirements of this Regulation, of any data or test results provided by the manufacturer which can be taken into consideration in validating the approval test carried out by the technical service.

4.2.   An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 01 corresponding to the 01 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same approval number to another vehicle type.

4.3.   Notice of approval or of refusal of approval of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated by the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation and photographs and/or diagrams and drawings supplied by the applicant for approval, in a format not exceeding A4 (210 x 297 mm) or folded to that format and on an appropriate scale.

There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation, an international approval mark consisting of:

4.4.1.   a circle surrounding the letter ‘E’ followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval (2);

4.4.2.   The number of this Regulation, followed by the letter ‘R’, a dash and the approval number, to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1;

4.5.   If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations Annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1 need not be repeated; in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.

4.6.   The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

4.7.   The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.

4.8.   Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of approval marks.

5.   SPECIFICATIONS

General specifications applicable to all tests

5.1.1.   The ‘H’ point for each seat shall be determined in accordance with the procedure described in Annex 6.

5.1.2.   When the protective system for the front seating positions includes belts, the belt components shall meet the requirements of Regulation No 16.

5.1.3.   Seating positions where a dummy is installed and the protective system includes belts, shall be provided with anchorage points conforming to Regulation No 14.

Specifications

The test of the vehicle carried out in accordance with the method described in Annex 3 shall be considered satisfactory if all the conditions set out in paragraphs 5.2.1 to 5.2.6 are all satisfied at the same time.

The performance criteria recorded, in accordance with Annex 8, on the dummies in the front outboard seats shall meet the following conditions:

5.2.1.1.   the head performance criterion (HPC) shall not exceed 1 000 and the resultant head acceleration shall not exceed 80 g for more than 3 ms. The latter shall be calculated cumulatively, excluding rebound movement of the head;

5.2.1.2.   the neck injury criteria (NIC) shall not exceed the values shown in Figures 1 and 2;

Image 1

Axial tensile neck force (kN)

Duration of loading over given tension (msec)

3,3 Kn @ 0 ms

2,9 kN @ 35 ms

1,1 kN @ ≥ 60 ms

Image 2

Force/AFT neck shear force (kN)

Duration of loading over given shear force (msec)

3,1 kN @ 0 ms

1,5 kN @ 25-35 ms

1,1 kN @ ≥ 45 ms

5.2.1.3.   the neck bending moment about the y axis shall not exceed 57 Nm in extension (3);

5.2.1.4.   the thorax compression criterion (ThCC) shall not exceed 50 mm;

5.2.1.5.   the viscous criterion (V * C) for the thorax shall not exceed 1,0 m/s;

5.2.1.6.   the femur force criterion (FFC) shall not exceed the force-time performance criterion shown in Figure 3;

Image 3

Femur force criterion

Axial femur force (kN)

Duration of loading over given force (msec)

9,07 kN @ 0 ms

7,58 kN @ ≥ 10 msec

5.2.1.7.   the tibia compression force criterion (TCFC) shall not exceed 8 kN;

5.2.1.8.   the tibia index (TI), measured at the top and bottom of each tibia, shall not exceed 1,3 at either location;

5.2.1.9.   the movement of the sliding knee joints shall not exceed 15 mm.

5.2.2.   Residual steering wheel displacement, measured at the centre of the steering wheel hub, shall not exceed 80 mm in the upwards vertical direction and 100 mm in the rearward horizontal direction.

5.2.3.   During the test no door shall open.

5.2.4.   During the test no locking of the locking systems of the front doors shall occur.

After the impact, it shall be possible, without the use of tools, except for those necessary to support the weight of the dummy:

5.2.5.1.   to open at least one door, if there is one, per row of seats and, where there is no such door, to move the seats or tilt their backrests as necessary to allow the evacuation of all the occupants; this is, however, only applicable to vehicles having a roof of rigid construction;

5.2.5.2   to release the dummies from their restraint system which, if locked, shall be capable of being released by a maximum force of 60 N on the centre of the release control;

5.2.5.3.   to remove the dummies from the vehicle without adjustment of the seats.

5.2.6.   In the case of a vehicle propelled by liquid fuel, no more than slight leakage of liquid from the fuel feed installation shall occur on collision.

5.2.7.   If there is continuous leakage of liquid from the fuel-feed installation after the collision, the rate of leakage shall not exceed 30 g/min; if the liquid from the fuel-feed system mixes with liquids from the other systems and the various liquids cannot easily be separated and identified, all the liquids collected shall be taken into account in evaluating the continuous leakage.

6.   INSTRUCTIONS FOR USERS OF VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH AIRBAGS

The vehicle shall carry information to the effect that it is equipped with airbags for seats.

6.1.1.   For a vehicle fitted with an airbag assembly intended to protect the driver, this information shall consist of the inscription ‘AIRBAG’ located in the interior of the circumference of the steering wheel; this inscription shall be durably affixed and easily visible.

6.1.2.   For a vehicle fitted with a passenger airbag intended to protect occupants other than the driver, this information shall consist of the warning label described in paragraph 6.2.

A vehicle fitted with one or more passenger frontal protection airbags shall carry information about the extreme hazard associated with the use of rearward-facing child restraints on seats equipped with airbag assemblies.

6.2.1.   As a minimum, this information shall consist of a label containing a pictogram and text warning as indicated below.

Image 4

Label outline, vertical and horizontal line black

Artwork black with white background

Bottom text black with white background

Circle and line red with white background

Top text and symbol black with yellow background

WARNING

DO NOT place rear-facing child seat on this seat with airbag

DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY can occur

The overall dimensions shall be 120 x 60 mm or the equivalent area, as a minimum.

The label shown above may be adapted in such a way that the layout differs from the example above; however, the text content shall meet the above prescriptions.

6.2.2.   At the time of type approval, the label shall be in at least one of the languages of the Contracting Party where the application for approval is submitted. The manufacturer shall declare his responsibility for ensuring the warning is provided at least in one of the languages of the country in which the vehicle is to be sold.

6.2.3.   In the case of a frontal protection airbag on the front passenger seat, the warning shall be durably affixed to each face of the passenger front sun visor in such a position that at least one warning on the sun visor is visible at all times, irrespective of the position of the sun visor. Alternatively, one warning shall be on the visible face of the stowed sun visor and a second warning shall be on the roof behind the visor, so, at least one warning is visible all times. The text size must allow the label to be easily read by a normal sighted user seated on the seat concerned.

In the case of a frontal protection airbag for other seats in the vehicle, the warning must be directly ahead of the relevant seat, and clearly visible at all times to someone installing a rear-facing child restraint on that seat. The text size must allow the label to be easily read by a normal sighted user seated on the seat concerned.

This requirement does not apply to those seats equipped with a device which automatically deactivates the frontal protection airbag assembly when any rearward-facing child restraint is installed.

6.2.4.   Detailed information, making reference to the warning, shall be contained in the owner’s manual of the vehicle; as a minimum, the following text in the official languages of the country where the vehicle is to be registered, must include:

‘Do not use a rearward-facing child restraint on a seat protected by an airbag in front of it’

The text shall be accompanied by an illustration of the warning to be found in the vehicle.

7.   MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF THE VEHICLE TYPE

Any modification affecting the structure, the number of seats, the interior trim or fittings, or the position of the vehicle controls or of mechanical parts which might affect the energy-absorption capability of the front of the vehicle shall be brought to the notice of the administrative department granting approval. The department may then either:

7.1.1.   consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and that in any case the vehicle still complies with the requirements; or

require the technical service responsible for conducting the tests to carry out a further test, among those described below, according to the nature of the modifications.

7.1.2.1.   Any modification of the vehicle affecting the general form of the structure of the vehicle and/or any increase in mass greater than 8 % which in the judgement of the authority would have a marked influence on the results of the tests shall require a repetition of the test as described in Annex 3;

If the modifications concern only the interior fittings, if the mass does not differ by more than 8 % and if the number of front seats initially provided in the vehicle remains the same, the following shall be carried out:

7.1.2.2.1.   a simplified test as provided for in Annex 7, and/or,

7.1.2.2.2.   a partial test as defined by the technical service in relation to the modifications made.

7.2.   Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3 to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation.

7.3.   The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

8.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2) with the following requirements:

8.1.   every vehicle approved under this Regulation shall conform to the vehicle type approved, as regards features contributing to the protection of the occupants of the vehicle in the event of a frontal collision;

8.2.   the holder of the approval shall ensure that for each type of vehicle at least the tests concerning the taking of measurements are carried out;

8.3.   the authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these verifications shall be once every two years.

9.   PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

9.1.   The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in paragraph 8.1 is not complied with or if the vehicle or vehicles selected have failed to pass the checks prescribed in paragraph 8.2.

9.2.   If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

10.   PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture the type of vehicle approved in accordance with the Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

11.   TRANSITIONAL PROVISION

11.1.   As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments.

11.2.   As from 1 October 2002, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE approvals only to those types of vehicles which comply with the requirements of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments.

12.   NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

The Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, of manufacturers authorised to carry out tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.

ANNEX 1

(maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))