This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
The Cotonou Agreement is the backbone of the partnership between the EU, EU countries and 79 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries (ACP).
It aims to reduce poverty towards its eradication, to support the sustainable economic, cultural and social development of the partner countries and to help the progressive integration of their respective economies into the world economy.
The Cotonou Agreement is a close partnership based on a series of principles:
Joint institutions are in place to support the implementation of the Cotonou Agreement:
The political dimension of the Cotonou Agreement is important and includes:
The agreement includes cooperation activities to boost:
These activities are funded through the European Development Fund.
The agreement complies with World Trade Organisation rules, and enables ACP states to play a full part in international trade.
Revision of the agreement
The agreement was signed in 2000 and will terminate at the end of 2020.
It was most recently revised in 2017 (Decision (EU) 2017/435). In 2010, the agreement was adapted to focus on issues such as:
Negotiations on a new agreement must start by August 2018.
A communication was adopted in 2016 on a renewed partnership for the post-2020 period. It:
It has applied since 1 April 2003 and was initially due to expire by 29 February 2020. Decision No 3/2019 extends the application of the agreement until 31 December 2020, or until the entry into force (or the provisional application) of the new agreement replacing Partnership agreement 2000/483/EC.
A new agreement between the EU and ACP countries started to be negotiated in 2018 and will replace Partnership agreement 2000/483/EC.
For more information, see:
Partnership agreement 2000/483/EC between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000 (OJ L 317, 15.12.2000, pp. 3-353)
Successive amendments to Partnership agreement 2000/483/EC have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
Decision No 3/2019 of the ACP-EU Committee of Ambassadors of 17 December 2019 to adopt transitional measures pursuant to Article 95(4) of the ACP-EU Partnership Agreement [2020/2] (OJ L 1, 3.1.2020, pp. 3-4)
Joint statement by the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States meeting within the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission (OJ C 210, 30.6.2017, pp. 1-24)
Council Decision (EU) 2017/435 of 28 February 2017 on the conclusion of the Agreement amending for the second time the Partnership Agreement between the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, of the one part, and the European Community and its Member States, of the other part, signed in Cotonou on 23 June 2000, as first amended in Luxembourg on 25 June 2005 (OJ L 67, 14.3.2017, pp. 31-32)
Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council: A renewed partnership with the countries of Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (JOIN(2016) 52 final, 22.11.2016)
last update 03.04.2020