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Document 32013D0496

2013/496/EU: Council Implementing Decision of 7 October 2013 on subjecting 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole to control measures

OJ L 272, 12.10.2013, p. 44–45 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 20/10/2015; Replaced by 32015D1876




Official Journal of the European Union

L 272/44


of 7 October 2013

on subjecting 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole to control measures



Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Council Decision 2005/387/JHA of 10 May 2005 on the information exchange, risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances (1), and in particular Article 8(3) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal of the European Commission,



A Risk Assessment Report on the new psychoactive substance 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole was drawn up in accordance with Article 6 of Decision 2005/387/JHA by the extended Scientific Committee of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) during a special session, and was subsequently submitted to the Commission and to the Council on 16 April 2013.


The substance 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole is a synthetic derivative of indole substituted at the phenyl side of the indole ring system. It appears to be a stimulant substance that may also have hallucinogenic effects. 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole has been found mostly in powder form but also in tablet and capsule form. It is commercially available on the internet and from ‘head shops’, marketed as a ‘research chemical’. It has also been detected in samples of a product sold as a ‘legal high’ called ‘Benzo Fury’, and in tablets resembling ecstasy.


The existing information and data suggest that the acute toxicity of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole can provoke adverse effects in humans, such as tachycardia and hyperthermia, and may also cause mydriasis, agitation and tremor. 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole may interact with other substances, including medical products and stimulants that act on the monoaminergic system. The specific physical effects of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole in humans are difficult to determine because there are no published studies assessing its acute and chronic toxicity, its psychological and behavioural effects, or dependence potential, and because of the limited information and data available.


There have been a total of 24 fatalities registered in four Member States from April to August 2012, in relation to which 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole alone, or in combination with other substances, was detected in post-mortem samples. While it is not possible to determine with certainty the role of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole in all of the fatalities, in some cases it has been specifically noted in the cause of death. If this new psychoactive substance were to become more widely available and used, the implications for individual and public health could be significant. There is no information available on the social risks posed by 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole.


Nine European countries have reported to the EMCDDA and to the European Police Office (Europol) that they reported detection of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole. No prevalence data is available on the use of 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole, but the limited information that exists suggests that it may be consumed in similar environments as other stimulants, such as in the home, in bars and nightclubs or at music festivals.


There is no information that suggests that 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole is manufactured in the Union, and there is no evidence suggesting the involvement of organised crime in the manufacture, distribution or supply of this new psychoactive substance.


The substance 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole has no known, established or acknowledged medical value or use, and there is no marketing authorisation covering this new psychoactive substance in the Union. Apart from its use as an analytical reference standard and in scientific research, there is no indication that it is being used for other purposes.


The substance 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole has not been, nor is it currently, under assessment by the United Nations system, as defined in Decision 2005/387/JHA. Two Member States control this new psychoactive substance under their national legislation by virtue of their obligations under the 1971 United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Five European countries apply national legislation on new psychoactive substances, dangerous goods or medicines to control 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole.


The Risk Assessment Report reveals that there is limited scientific evidence available on 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole and points out that further research would be needed to determine the health and social risks that it poses. However, the available evidence and information provides sufficient ground for subjecting 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole to control measures across the Union. As a result of the health risks that it poses, as documented by its detection in several reported fatalities, of the fact that users may unknowingly consume it, and of the lack of medical value or use, 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole should be subjected to control measures across the Union.


Since six Member States already control 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole by means of different types of legislative provisions, subjecting this substance to control measures across the Union would help avoid the emergence of obstacles to cross-border law enforcement and judicial cooperation, and protect users from the risks that its consumption can pose.


Decision 2005/387/JHA reserves to the Council implementing powers to enable the provision of a quick, expertise-based response at Union level to the emergence of new psychoactive substances detected and reported by the Member States, by means of submitting those substances to control measures across the Union. As the conditions and procedure for triggering the exercise of such implementing powers have been met, an implementing decision should be adopted in order to put 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole under control across the Union,


Article 1

The new psychoactive substance 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole is hereby subjected to control measures across the Union.

Article 2

By 13 October 2014, Member States shall take the necessary measures, in accordance with their national law, to subject 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole to control measures and criminal penalties, as provided for under their legislation complying with their obligations under the 1971 United Nations Convention on Psychotropic Substances.

Article 3

This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Luxembourg, 7 October 2013.

For the Council

The President


(1)  OJ L 127, 20.5.2005, p. 32.