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Document 32023R0443

Commission Regulation (EU) 2023/443 of 8 February 2023 amending Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 as regards the emission type approval procedures for light passenger and commercial vehicles (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2023/843

OJ L 66, 2.3.2023, p. 1–237 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2023/443/oj

2.3.2023   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 66/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2023/443

of 8 February 2023

amending Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 as regards the emission type approval procedures for light passenger and commercial vehicles

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (1), and in particular Articles 5(3) and 14(3) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 regulates type approval of motor vehicles with regard to their emissions. To that end, it requires new light passenger and commercial vehicles to comply with certain emission limits. The specific technical provisions necessary to implement that Regulation are contained in Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 (2). Given that Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3) regulates the type approval of motor vehicles, it is appropriate to align the definitions of Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 with those of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 in order to achieve a uniform understanding in type approval legislation (2).

(2)

The provisions on access to vehicle on-board diagnostics (OBD) information and vehicle repair and maintenance information laid out in Chapter III of Regulation EC No 715/2007 have been integrated in Chapter XIV of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, which applies since 1 September 2020. In order to align the legislation, it is appropriate to delete, the provisions in Regulation (EU) No 2017/1151 relating to access to such information.

(3)

Since the introduction of the real driving emission (RDE) methodology in the requirements for vehicle testing by Regulation (EU) 2016/427, which was taken over in Annex IIIA to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, all vehicles may be tested at low ambient temperatures. The specific requirement to present information that the nitrogen oxides (NOx) pollution control devices reach sufficiently high temperature within 400 seconds at – 7 °C is therefore redundant and should be deleted.

(4)

In order to allow monitoring the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy for all types of vehicles covered by this Regulation, the requirements for such monitoring should apply to vehicles of N2 category. As this is a new requirement for that category, it is appropriate to allow vehicle manufacturers sufficient time to comply with that requirement.

(5)

In order to identify whether a tested vehicle operates in the base emission strategy (BES) or in an auxiliary emission strategy (AES) an appropriate indication of AES activation should be introduced in vehicles informing when an AES is used. Therefore, appropriate lead time is needed in order to introduce such indicator in all new vehicles.

(6)

A formal documentation package should be made available to allow other type approval authorities, technical services, third parties, the Commission or market surveillance authorities to understand whether higher emissions than expected during testing under certain conditions could be attributed to an AES.

(7)

Given that Regulation (EU) 2018/858 allows third parties for the in-service conformity (ISC) testing, the provisions for ISC checks need to be adapted.

(8)

The application of ISC checks is to be facilitated by an electronic platform on ISC. The development of this platform showed the need for certain changes in the transparency lists. At the same time, the transparency lists should be streamlined to contain only the necessary elements for ISC testing.

(9)

A UN Regulation on Real Driving Emissions (RDE) is being developed in the UN World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations with improvements in the structure and other elements of the RDE methodology. Those improvements have not yet been formally adopted, but as they represent the latest technical developments, it is necessary to introduce them in Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

(10)

The Joint Research Centre published two review reports in 2020 (4) and 2021 (5) on the assessment of the PEMS margins used in the RDE procedure representing the latest state of knowledge on the performance of portable emission measurement systems. It is therefore appropriate to lower the PEMS margins in line with the best available scientific knowledge contained in these reports. The lowering of the PEMS margins should be accompanied by changes in the methodology of the calculation of the results of an RDE test.

(11)

The Worldwide Harmonised Light-duty Test Procedure (WLTP) was first adopted in the UN World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations as Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No 15 (6) and later as UN Regulation No 154 (7). Certain amendments have been introduced to the WLTP methodology in the UN in order to take into account the latest developments of technical progress. It is therefore appropriate to align the WLTP methodology laid down in Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 with the UN Regulation.

(12)

UN Regulation No 154 covers two sets of regional requirements, termed Level 1A and Level 1B. Although the majority of the requirements of that UN Regulation are applicable to both Level 1A and Level 1B, certain of them are specific to a particular level. For application of UN Regulation No 154 in the Union, only the level 1A requirements are relevant as only this level is based on the four phase test cycle (low, medium, high and extra-high speed) used in the Union.

(13)

To minimise complexity of this Regulation and to avoid duplication of regulatory provisions, rather than transposing the provisions of UN Regulation No 154 by this Regulation, reference to that UN Regulation should be introduced to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

(14)

Based on recommendations by the Joint Research Centre, it is appropriate to amend the respective test procedure for the conformity of production (CoP) assessment of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of vehicles, including the run-in procedure in order to allow for technical progress.

(15)

In order to reduce testing flexibilities, some specific provisions should be introduced, such as provisions on the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation tools and its validation, as well as on the setting of a coasting functionality in dynamometer operation.

(16)

An additional gearshift calculation tool, developed by the Joint Research Centre, should be introduced as reference tool.

(17)

An update to the Type 5 test for verifying the durability of pollution control devices and updated OBD requirements is necessary to take into account the changes related to the WLTP.

(18)

Recent studies show a significant difference between the average real-world CO2 emissions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and their CO2 emissions determined by WLTP. In order to ensure that the CO2 emissions determined for such vehicles are representative of real driver behaviour, the utility factors applied for the purpose of the CO2 emission determination at type approval should be revised. As a first step, new utility factors should be specified on the basis of available data. As a second step, those factors should be further revised, taking into account data from fuel consumption monitoring devices on-board such vehicles and collected in accordance with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/392 (8).

(19)

Some requirements introduced in this amendment, such as the indicator for AES activation, require adaptation of the vehicle. Therefore those requirements should be introduced in three distinct steps.

(20)

It is therefore appropriate to amend Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

(21)

In order to provide Member States, national authorities and economic operators with sufficient time to prepare for the application of the rules introduced by this Regulation, the date of application of this Regulation should be deferred.

(22)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 2 is amended as follows:

(a)

the introductory phrase is replaced by the following:

‘For the purposes of this Regulation, the definitions in Regulation (EU) 2018/858 (*1) of the European Parliament and of the Council shall apply.

The following definitions shall also apply:

(*1)  Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, p. 1).’;"

(b)

point 1 is amended as follows:

(1)

the introductory phrase is replaced by the following:

‘ “vehicle type with regard to emissions” means a group of vehicles which:’;

(2)

point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

do not differ with respect to the criteria constituting an “interpolation family” as specified in paragraph 6.3.2 of UN Regulation No 154 (*2);

(*2)  UN Regulation No 154 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP) (OJ L 290, 10.11.2022, p. 1).’ "

(3)

point (b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

fall in a single “CO2 interpolation range” within the meaning of paragraph 2.3.2 of Annex B6 to UN Regulation No 154 or paragraph 4.5.1. of Annex B8 to UN Regulation 154;’;

(4)

in point (c), the second indent is replaced by the following:

‘—

exhaust gas recirculation (with or without, internal/external, cooled/non-cooled, low/high/combined pressure)’;

(c)

point 2 is replaced by the following:

‘(2)

“EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions” means an EU type-approval of the vehicles with regard to their tailpipe emissions, crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions and fuel consumption;’;

(d)

point 8 is amended as follows:

(a)

point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

number and kind of substrates, structure and material;’

(b)

the following point (i) is added:

‘(i)

required reagent (if applicable);’;

(e)

point 10 is replaced by the following:

‘(10)

“mono fuel gas vehicle” means a mono-fuel vehicle that is designed primarily for permanent running on LPG or NG/biomethane or hydrogen, but may also have a petrol system for emergency purposes or starting only, where the nominal capacity of the petrol tank does not exceed 15 litres;’;

(f)

point 11 is replaced by the following:

‘(11)

“bi-fuel vehicle” means a vehicle with two separate fuel storage systems that is designed to run primarily on only one fuel at a time most of the time;’;

(g)

point 17 is replaced by the following:

‘(17)

“properly maintained and used” means, for the purpose of a test vehicle, that such a vehicle satisfies the criteria for acceptance of a selected vehicle laid down in Appendix 1 of Annex II’;

(h)

point 20 is replaced by the following:

‘(20)

“malfunction” means the failure of an emission-related component or system that would result in emissions exceeding the thresholds in Table 4A of paragraph 6.8.2 of UN Regulation No 154 or if the OBD system is unable to fulfil the basic monitoring requirements set out in Annex C5 to UN Regulation No 154;’;

(i)

point 22 is replaced by the following:

‘(22)

“driving cycle” means, in respect of vehicle OBD systems, the key-on, a driving mode where a malfunction would be detected if present, and key-off’;

(j)

point 23 is deleted;

(k)

the following point 23a is inserted:

‘(23a)

“third party” means a third party complying with the requirements of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/163 (*3)

(*3)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/163 of 7 February 2022 laying down the rules on the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards functional requirements for market surveillance of vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units (OJ L 27, 8.2.2022, p. 1).’;"

(l)

point 25 is replaced by the following:

‘(25)

“deteriorated replacement pollution control device” means a pollution control device as defined in Article 3(11) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 that has been aged or artificially deteriorated to such an extent that it fulfils the requirements laid out in paragraph 1 of Appendix 1 of Annex C4 to UN Regulation No 154’;

(2)

Article 3 is amended as follows:

(a)

paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   In order to receive an EC type-approval with regard to emissions, the manufacturer shall demonstrate that the vehicles comply with the requirements of this Regulation when tested in accordance with the test procedures specified in Annexes IIIA to VIII, XI, XVI, XX, XXI and XXII. The manufacturer shall also ensure that the reference fuels comply with the specifications set out in Annex IX.’;

(b)

in paragraph 2, the following subparagraph is added:

‘In all references to UN Regulation No 154, only the European Union related requirements characterised by level 1A shall apply. References in UN Regulation No 154 to “criteria emissions” shall be understood as references to “pollutant emissions” in this Regulation.’;

(c)

in paragraph 3, the second subparagraph is replaced by the following:

‘The emissions tests for roadworthiness purposes set out in Annex IV and the tests for fuel consumption and CO2 emissions set out in Annex XXI shall be required to obtain EC type-approval with regard to emissions under this paragraph.’;

(d)

paragraph 7 is replaced by the following;

‘7.   Mono-fuel gas vehicles shall be tested in the Type 1 test for variation in the composition of either LPG or NG/biomethane, as set out in Annex B6 to UN Regulation No 154 for pollutant emissions, with the fuel used for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX of this Regulation.

Bi-fuel gas vehicles shall be tested with petrol and either LPG or NG/biomethane. The tests on LPG or NG/biomethane shall be performed for variation in the composition of LPG or NG/biomethane, as set out in Annex B6 to UN Regulation No 154 for pollutant emissions, and with the fuel used for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX of this Regulation.’

(e)

paragraph 10, second and fifth subparagraph are deleted;

(f)

paragraph 11, the first and the second subparagraph are replaced by the following:

‘11.   The manufacturer shall ensure that, throughout the normal life of a vehicle which is type approved in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, its final RDE emission results as determined in accordance with Annex IIIA and emitted at any Type 1a test performed in accordance with that Annex, do not exceed the emission limits for NOx and PN.

Type approval in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 may only be issued if the vehicle is part of a validated PEMS test family in accordance with point 3.3 of Annex IIIA.’;

(3)

In Article 4, paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 are replaced by the following:

‘4.   When tested with a defective component in accordance with Appendix 1 of Annex C5 to UN Regulation No 154, the OBD system malfunction indicator shall be activated.

The OBD system malfunction indicator may also activate during this test at levels of emissions below the OBD thresholds specified in Table 4A of paragraph 6.8.2 of UN Regulation No 154.

5.   The manufacturer shall ensure that the OBD system complies with the requirements for in-use performance set out in Section 1 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions.

6.   In-use performance related data to be stored and reported by a vehicle's OBD system according to the provisions of Section 1 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI shall be made readily available by the manufacturer to national authorities and independent operators without any encryption.’;

(4)

In Article 4a, the –introductory phrase is replaced by the following:

‘The manufacturer shall ensure that the following vehicles of categories M1, N1 and N2 are equipped with a device for determining, storing and making available data on the quantity of fuel and/or electric energy used for the operation of the vehicle:’;

(5)

Article 5 is amended as follows:

(a)

the title is replaced by:

‘Application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions’;

(b)

paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions.’;

(c)

paragraph 3 is amended as follows:

(1)

point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

in the case of vehicles equipped with positive-ignition engines, a declaration by the manufacturer of the minimum percentage of misfires out of a total number of firing events that either would result in emissions exceeding the OBD thresholds laid out in Table 4A of paragraph 6.8.2 of UN Regulation No 154 if that percentage had been present from the start of a type 1 test as chosen for the demonstration in accordance with Annex C5 to UN Regulation No 154 or could lead to an exhaust catalyst, or catalysts, overheating prior to causing irreversible damage;’;

(2)

points (d) to (g) are replaced by the following:

‘(d)

a declaration by the manufacturer that the OBD system complies with the provisions of section 1 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI relating to in-use performance under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions;

(e)

a plan describing the detailed technical criteria and justification for incrementing the numerator and denominator of each monitor that must fulfil the requirements of paragraphs 7.2 and 7.3. of Appendix 1 to Annex C5 of UN Regulation No 154, as well as for disabling numerators, denominators and the general denominator under the conditions outlined in paragraph 7.7 of Appendix 1 to Annex C5 of UN Regulation No 154;

(f)

a description of the provisions taken to prevent tampering with and modification of the emission control systems, including the emission control computer and odometer including the recording of mileage values for the purposes of the requirements of Annexes XI and XVI;

(g)

if applicable, the particulars of the vehicle family as referred to in paragraph 6.8.1. of UN Regulation No 154;’;

(d)

in paragraph 6, the first and the second subparagraph are replaced by the following:

‘For the purposes of paragraph 3, points (d) and (e), approval authorities shall not approve a vehicle if the information submitted by the manufacturer is inappropriate for fulfilling the requirements of section 1 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

Paragraphs 7.2, 7.3 and 7.7 of Appendix 1 to Annex C5 of UN Regulation No 154 shall apply under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions.’;

(e)

paragraph 11 is amended as follows:

(a)

the following second subparagraph is inserted:

‘For vehicles approved under the character EB and EC as defined in Table 1, Appendix 6 to Annex I, the manufacturer shall introduce an indicator (AES Flag or Timer) to indicate when a vehicle runs in AES mode instead of BES mode. The indicator shall be available via the serial port of a standard diagnostic connector upon request of a generic scan-tool. The AES that is running shall be identifiable via the formal documentation package.’

(b)

the sixth subparagraph is replaced by the following:

‘The approval authority may test the functioning of AES.’

(c)

the following subparagraphs are added:

‘A list of AES which were deemed non-acceptable by type approval authorities shall be compiled yearly by the Forum for Exchange of Information on Enforcement and made available to the public by the Commission at the latest by end of March of the following year, in case there were AES which were deemed non-acceptable.

The manufacturer shall also provide to the approval authorities a formal documentation package, as in Appendix 3a to Annex I, containing information on AES/BES that would allow an independent tester to identify if the emissions measured can be attributed to an AES or BES strategy or are potentially due to a defeat device. The formal documentation package shall be made available to all type approval authorities, technical services, market surveillance authorities, third parties and the Commission upon request.

Vehicles of category M1 or N1 shall be approved with emission characters EA, EB or EC as specified in Table 1, Appendix 6 to Annex I, taking into account the utility factors determined in accordance with the values specified in Table A8.App5/1 of point 3.2. of Annex XXI.’;

(f)

paragraph 12 is replaced by the following:

‘12.   The manufacturer shall also provide the type approval authority which granted the emission type-approval under this Regulation (“granting type approval authority”) with a package on testing transparency containing the necessary information in order to allow the performance of testing in accordance with point 5.9 of Annex II.

Once the electronic platform for ISC is ready, the manufacturer shall also upload all required data into the platform for all its vehicles. The information in the transparency lists shall be limited to the prescribed information required by Appendix 5 of Annex II.’

(6)

Article 6 is amended as follows:

(a)

the title is replaced by the following:

‘Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions’;

(b)

paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex IV to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/683 (*4).

Without prejudice to the provisions of Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2020/683, Section 3 of the type-approval number shall be drawn up in accordance with Appendix 6 to Annex I.

An approval authority shall not assign the same number to another vehicle type.

(*4)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/683 of 15 April 2020 implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regards to the administrative requirements for the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (OJ L 163, 26.5.2020, p. 1).;’ "

(c)

paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

‘2.   By way of derogation from paragraph 1, at the request of the manufacturer, a vehicle with an OBD system may be accepted for type-approval with regard to emissions, even though the system contains one or more deficiencies such that the specific requirements of Annex XI are not fully met, provided that the specific administrative provisions set out in Section 3 of that Annex are complied with.

The approval authority shall notify the decision to grant such a type approval to all approval authorities in the other Member States in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 27 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.’;

(7)

in Article 7, the first paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘Articles 27, 33 and 34 of Regulation 2018/858 shall apply to any amendments to the type-approvals granted in accordance to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.’;

(8)

in Article 8, paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   Measures to ensure the conformity of production shall be taken in accordance with Article 31 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

The provisions laid down in Section 4 of Annex I to this Regulation and the relevant statistical method in Appendix 2 of UN Regulation No 154 shall apply.’;

(9)

Article 9 is amended as follows:

(a)

the title is replaced by the following:

‘In-service conformity’;

(b)

paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   Measures to ensure in-service conformity of vehicles type-approved under this Regulation shall be taken in accordance with the conformity of production arrangements as laid down in Article 31 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858,Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 and Annex II to this Regulation.’;

(c)

in paragraph 4, the second sentence is replaced by the following:

‘For such families, the manufacturer shall provide the approval authority with a report of any emissions related warranty and relevant repair as set out in point 4 of Annex II.’;

(d)

paragraph 5 is replaced by the following:

‘5.   The manufacturer and the granting type approval authority shall perform in-service conformity checks in accordance with Annex II. Other type approval authorities, technical services, the Commission and third parties may perform parts of the in-service conformity checks in accordance with Annex II. The data required to perform such checks are regulated in the Commission Implementing Regulation 2022/163 (*5) and Annex II of this Regulation.

(*5)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/163 of 7 February 2022 laying down the rules on the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards functional requirements for market surveillance of vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units (OJ L 27, 8.2.2022, p. 1).;’ "

(e)

paragraph 7 is replaced by the following:

‘7.   If a type approval authority, technical service, the Commission or a third party has established that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity check, it shall notify without delay the granting type approval authority, in accordance with Article 54(1) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

Following that notification and subject to the provisions of Article 54(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, the granting approval authority shall inform the manufacturer that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity checks and that the procedures laid out in points 6 and 7 of Annex II shall be followed.

If the granting approval authority establishes that no agreement can be reached with a type approval authority that has established that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity check, the procedure pursuant to Article 54(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 shall be initiated.’;

(f)

paragraph 8 is replaced by the following:

‘8.   In addition to paragraphs 1 to 7, the following shall apply to vehicles type approved in accordance with Annex II.

(a)

vehicles submitted to multi-stage type-approval, as defined in Article 3(8) of Regulation EU 2018/858, shall be checked for in-service conformity in accordance with the provisions for multistage approval set out in point 5.10.6 of Annex II to this Regulation.

(b)

hearses as specified in Appendix 1 of Part III of Annex II to Regulation EU 2018/858, armoured vehicles as defined in Appendix 2 of Part III of Annex II to Regulation EU 2018/858 and wheelchair accessible vehicles as defined in Appendix 3 of Part III of Annex II to Regulation EU 2018/858 shall not be subject to the provisions of this Article. All other special purpose vehicles as defined in Appendix 4 of Part III of Annex II to Regulation EU 2018/858, shall be checked for in- service conformity in accordance with the rules for multistage type-approvals set out in Annex II to this Regulation.’;

(10)

in Article 10, paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   The manufacturer shall ensure that replacement pollution control devices intended to be fitted to EC type-approved vehicles covered by the scope of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 are EC type-approved, as separate technical units within the meaning of Article 10(2) of Directive 2007/46/EC, in accordance with Articles 12 and 13 and Annex XIII to this Regulation.

Catalytic converters and particulate filters shall be considered to be pollution control devices for the purposes of this Regulation.

The relevant requirements shall be deemed to be met if the replacement pollution control devices have been approved according to UN/ECE Regulation No 103 (*6).

(*6)  Regulation No 103 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of replacement pollution control devices for power-driven vehicles (OJ L 207, 10.8.2017, p. 30).’;"

(11)

in Article 11 paragraph 3 the second subparagraph is replaced by the following:

‘The test vehicles shall comply with the requirements set out in Section 2.3 of Annex B6 to UN Regulation No 154.’;

(12)

Article 13 is deleted;

(13)

Article 14 is deleted;

(14)

in Article 15 the following paragraphs 12, 13 and 14 are added:

‘12.   For vehicle types with an existing valid type approval issued before 1 September 2023, new type approval testing shall not be required if the manufacturer declares to the type approval authority that compliance with the requirements of this Regulation is ensured. Requirements not related to the testing of the vehicle, including required declarations and data requirements, apply.

13.   For vehicle types with an existing valid type approval issued according to emission standard Euro 6e (*7) for which a manufacturer requests an approval according to emission standard Euro 6e-bis (*7), new type approval testing shall not be required if the manufacturer declares to the type approval authority that compliance with the requirements of the Euro 6e-bis emission standard is ensured. Requirements not related to the testing of the vehicle, including required declarations and data requirements, apply.

14.   For vehicle types with an existing valid type approval issued according to emission standard Euro 6e-bis for which a manufacturer requests an approval according to emission standard Euro 6e-bis-FCM (*7), new type approval testing shall not be required if the manufacturer declares to the type approval authority that compliance with the requirements of the Euro 6e-bis-FCM emission standard is ensured. Requirements not related to the testing of the vehicle, including required declarations and data requirements, apply.

(*7)  As specified in Appendix 6 to Annex I.’ "

(*7)  As specified in Appendix 6 to Annex I.’ "

(*7)  As specified in Appendix 6 to Annex I.’ "

(15)

List of Annexes and Annex I is amended as set out in Annex I to this Regulation;

(16)

Annex II is replaced by the text in Annex II to this Regulation;

(17)

Annex IIIA is replaced by the text in Annex III to this Regulation;

(18)

Annex V is amended as set out in Annex IV to this Regulation;

(19)

Annex VI is amended as set out in Annex V to this Regulation;

(20)

Annex VII is amended as set out in Annex VI to this Regulation;

(21)

Annex VIII is amended as set out in Annex VII to this Regulation;

(22)

Annex IX is amended as set out in Annex VIII to this Regulation;

(23)

Annex XI is replaced by the text in Annex IX to this Regulation;

(24)

Annex XII is amended as set out in Annex X to this Regulation;

(25)

Annex XIII is amended as set out in Annex XI to this Regulation;

(26)

Annex XIV is deleted;

(27)

Annex XVI is replaced by the text in Annex XII to this Regulation;

(28)

Annex XX is amended as set out in Annex XIII to this Regulation;

(29)

Annex XXI is replaced by the text in in Annex XIV to this Regulation;

(30)

Annex XXII is replaced by the text in Annex XV to this Regulation.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 September 2023.

However, from 1 March 2023, national authorities shall not refuse to grant EU type approval for a new type of vehicle or grant extension for an existing type of vehicle, or prohibit registration, placing on the market or entry into service of a new vehicle, where the vehicle concerned complies with this regulation, if a manufacturer so requests.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 8 February 2023.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)   OJ L 171, 29.6.2007, p. 1.

(2)  Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 of 1 June 2017 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 (OJ L 175, 7.7.2017, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC (OJ L 151, 14.6.2018, p. 1).

(4)  Valverde Morales, V., Giechaskiel, B. and Carriero, M., Real Driving Emissions: 2018-2019 assessment of Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS) measurement uncertainty, EUR 30099 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-16364-0, doi:10.2760/684820, JRC114416.

(5)  Giechaskiel, B., Valverde Morales, V. and Clairotte, M., Real Driving Emissions (RDE): 2020 assessment of Portable Emissions Measurement Systems (PEMS) measurement uncertainty, EUR 30591 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2021, ISBN 978-92-76-30230-8, doi:10.2760/440720, JRC124017.

(6)  Global technical regulation No 15 on Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure.

(7)  UN Regulation No 154 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of light duty passenger and commercial vehicles with regards to criteria emissions, emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range (WLTP) (OJ L 290, 10.11.2022, p. 1).

(8)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/392 of 4 March 2021 on the monitoring and reporting of data relating to CO2 emissions from passenger cars and light commercial vehicles pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) No 1014/2010, (EU) No 293/2012, (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153 (OJ L 77, 5.3.2021, p. 8).


ANNEX I

List of Annexes and Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 are amended a follows:

(1)

List of Annexes is replaced by the following:

‘LIST OF ANNEXES

ANNEX I

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Model information document

Appendix 3a

Documentation Packages

Appendix 3b

Methodology for the assessment of AES

Appendix 4

Model of EC type-approval certificate

Appendix 5

Appendix 6

EC type-approval certificate numbering system

Appendix 7

Manufacturer's certificate of compliance with OBD in-use performance requirements

Appendix 8a

Test Reports

Appendix 8b

Road Load Test Report

Appendix 8c

Template for Test Sheet

Appendix 8d

Evaporative emissions test report

ANNEX II

In-service conformity methodology

Appendix 1

Criteria for vehicle selection and failed vehicles decision

Appendix 2

Rules for performing Type 4 tests during in-service conformity

Appendix 3

ISC Inspection Report

Appendix 4

Annual ISC Report by the granting type approval authority

Appendix 5

Transparency list

ANNEX IIIA

Verifying Real Driving Emissions (RDE)

Appendix 1

Reserved

Appendix 2

Reserved

Appendix 3

Reserved

Appendix 4

Test procedure for vehicle emissions testing with a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS)

Appendix 5

Specifications and calibration of PEMS components and signals

Appendix 6

Validation of PEMS and non-traceable exhaust mass flow rate

Appendix 7

Determination of instantaneous emissions

Appendix 8

Assessment of overall trip validity using the moving averaging window method

Appendix 9

Assessment of excess or absence of trip dynamics

Appendix 10

Procedure to determine the cumulative positive elevation gain of a PEMS trip

Appendix 11

Calculation of the final RDE emission results

Appendix 12

Manufacturer's RDE certificate of compliance

ANNEX IV

Emissions data required at type-approval for roadworthiness purposes

Appendix 1

Measuring carbon monoxide emissions at engine idling speeds (Type 2 test)

Appendix 2

Measurement of smoke opacity

ANNEX V

Verifying emissions of crankcase gases (Type 3 test)

ANNEX VI

Determination of evaporative emissions (Type 4 test)

ANNEX VII

Verifying the durability of pollution control devices (Type 5 test)

ANNEX VIII

Verifying the average exhaust emissions at low ambient temperatures (Type 6 test)

ANNEX IX

Specifications of reference fuels

ANNEX X

ANNEX XI

On-board diagnostics (OBD) for motor vehicles

Appendix 1

In-use performance

ANNEX XII

Type-approval of vehicles fitted with eco-innovations and Determination of co2 emissions and fuel consumption from vehicles submitted to multi-stage type-approval or individual vehicle approval

ANNEX XIII

EC Type-approval of replacement pollution control devices as separate technical unit

Appendix 1

Model information document

Appendix 2

Model EC type-approval certificate

Appendix 3

Model EC type-approval mark

Annex XIV

ANNEX XV

ANNEX XVI

Requirements for vehicles that use a reagent for the exhaust after-treatment system

ANNEX XVII

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008

ANNEX XVIII

Amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC

ANNEX XIX

Amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012

ANNEX XX

Measurement of net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive trains

ANNEX XXI

Type 1 emissions test procedures

ANNEX XXII

Devices for monitoring on board the vehicle the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy’

(2)

Annex I is amended as follows:

(a)

points 1.1.1. to 4.5.1.4. are replaced by the following:

‘1.1.1.

The additional requirements for granting of type-approval for mono fuel gas vehicles, and bi-fuel gas vehicles shall be those set out in paragraph 5.9. of UN Regulation No 154. The reference to the information document in paragraph 5.9.1. of UN Regulation No 154 shall be understood as being reference to Appendix 3 of Annex I of this Regulation.

1.2.   Additional requirements for flex fuel vehicles

The additional requirements for granting of type-approval for flex fuel vehicles shall be those set out in paragraph 5.8. of UN Regulation No 154.

2.   ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS

2.1.   Small volume manufacturers

2.1.1.

List of legislative acts referred to in Article 3(3):

Legislative Act

Requirements

The California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Sections 1961(a) and 1961(b)(1)(C)(1) applicable to 2001 and later model year vehicles, 1968.1, 1968.2, 1968.5, 1976 and 1975, published by Barclay’s Publishing

Type-approval must be granted under the California Code of Regulations applicable to the most recent model year of light-duty vehicle.

2.2.   Inlets to fuel tanks

2.2.1.

The requirements for inlets to fuel tanks shall be those specified in paragraphs 6.1.5. and 6.1.6. of UN Regulation 154.

2.3.   Provisions for electronic system security

2.3.1.

The requirements for electronic system security of paragraph 6.1.7. of UN Regulation 154 shall be complied with. The effective application of these strategies in protecting the emission control systems may be tested during type approval and/or market surveillance.

2.3.2

Manufacturers shall effectively deter reprogramming of the odometer readings, in the board network, in any powertrain controller as well as in the transmitting unit for remote data exchange if applicable. Manufacturers shall include systematic tamper-protection strategies and write-protect features to protect the integrity of the odometer reading. Methods giving an adequate level of tamper protection shall be approved by the approval authority. The effective application of these strategies in protecting the odometer may be tested during type approval and/or market surveillance.

2.4.   Application of tests

2.4.1.

Figure I.2.4 illustrates the application of the tests for type-approval of a vehicle. The specific test procedures are described in Annexes II, IIIA, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, XI, XVI, XX, XXI and XXII.

Figure I.2.4

Application of test requirements for type-approval and extensions

Vehicle category

Vehicles with positive ignition engines including hybrids (1)  (2)

Vehicles with compression ignition engines including hybrids

Pure electric vehicles

Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

 

Mono fuel

Bi-fuel (3)

Flex-fuel (3)

Mono fuel

 

 

Reference fuel

Petrol

LPG

NG/Biomethane

Hydrogen (ICE)

Petrol

Petrol

Petrol

Petrol

Diesel

Petrol

Hydrogen (Fuel Cell)

LPG

NG/Biomethane

Hydrogen

(ICE) (4)

Ethanol (E85)

Type 1 test (7)

Yes

Yes (5)

Yes (5)

Yes (4)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

ATCT

(14 °C test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (4)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

Gaseous pollutants, RDE (Type 1A test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (4)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

PN, RDE (Type 1A test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

Idle emissions

(Type 2 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Crankcase emissions

(Type 3 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Evaporative emissions

(Type 4 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

Durability

(Type 5 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

Yes

Low temperature emissions

(Type 6 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

In-service conformity

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

Yes

OBD

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and electric range

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Smoke opacity

Yes (8)

Engine power

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

OBFCM

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

3.   EXTENSIONS TO TYPE-APPROVALS

3.1.   Extensions for tailpipe emissions (type 1 and type 2 tests and OBFCM)

3.1.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles if they conform to the requirements of paragraph 7.4. of UN Regulation No 154. The pollutant emissions shall respect the limits set out in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

3.2.   Extensions for evaporative emissions (type 4 test)

3.2.1.

For tests performed in accordance with Annex 6 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 [1 day NEDC] or the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 2017/1221 [2 days NEDC] the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles equipped with a control system for evaporative emissions which meet the following conditions:

3.2.1.1.

The basic principle of fuel/air metering is the same.

3.2.1.2.

The shape of the fuel tank is identical and the material of the fuel tank and liquid fuel hoses are technically equivalent.

3.2.1.3.

The worst-case vehicle with regard to the cross-section and approximate hose length shall be tested. Whether non-identical vapour/liquid separators are acceptable is decided by the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests.

3.2.1.4.

The fuel tank volume is within a range of ± 10 %.

3.2.1.5.

The setting of the fuel tank relief valve is identical.

3.2.1.6.

The method of storage of the fuel vapour is identical, i.e. trap form and volume, storage medium, air cleaner (if used for evaporative emission control), etc.

3.2.1.7.

The method of purging of the stored vapour is identical (e.g. air flow, start point or purge volume over the preconditioning cycle).

3.2.1.8.

The method of sealing and venting of the fuel metering system is identical.

3.2.2.

For tests performed in accordance with Annex VI [2 days WLTP] the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles belonging to an approved evaporative emission family as defined in paragraph 6.6.3 of UN Regulation 154.

3.3.   Extensions for durability of pollution control devices (type 5 test)

3.3.1.

The deterioration factors shall be extended to different vehicles and vehicle types, provided that the requirements of paragraph 7.6. of UN Regulation No 154 are complied with.

3.4.   Extensions for on-board diagnostics

3.4.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles belonging to an approved OBD family as defined in paragraph 6.8.1 of UN Regulation No 154.

3.5   Extensions for low temperature test (type 6 test)

3.5.1.   Vehicles with different reference masses

3.5.1.1.

The type-approval shall be extended only to vehicles with a reference mass requiring the use of the next two higher equivalent inertia or any lower equivalent inertia.

3.5.1.2.

For category N vehicles, the approval shall be extended only to vehicles with a lower reference mass, if the emissions of the vehicle already approved are within the limits prescribed for the vehicle for which extension of the approval is requested.

3.5.2.   Vehicles with different overall transmission ratios

3.5.2.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with different transmission ratios only under certain conditions.

3.5.2.2.

To determine whether type-approval can be extended, for each of the transmission ratios used in the type 6 test, the proportion,

Formula

shall be determined where, at an engine speed of 1 000 min–1, V1 is the speed of the vehicle-type approved and V2 is the speed of the vehicle type for which extension of the approval is requested.

3.5.2.3.

If, for each transmission ratio, E ≤ 8 %, the extension shall be granted without repeating the type 6 test.

3.5.2.4.

If, for at least one transmission ratio, E > 8 %, and if, for each gear ratio, E ≤ 13 %, the type 6 test shall be repeated. The tests may be performed in a laboratory chosen by the manufacturer subject to the approval of the technical service. The report of the tests shall be sent to the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests.

3.5.3.   Vehicles with different reference masses and transmission ratios

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with different reference masses and transmission ratios, provided that all the conditions prescribed in paragraphs 3.5.1 and 3.5.2 are fulfilled.

4.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

4.1.   Introduction

4.1.1.

Every vehicle produced under a Type Approval according to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approval requirements of this Regulation. The Manufacturer shall implement adequate arrangements and documented control plans and carry-out at specified intervals as given in this regulation the necessary emission, OBFCM and OBD tests to verify continued conformity with the approved type. The approval authority shall verify and agree with these arrangements and control plans of the manufacturer and perform audits and conduct emission, OBFCM and OBD tests at specific intervals, as given in this regulation, at the premises of the manufacturer, including production and test facilities as part of the product conformity and continued verification arrangements as described in Annex IV of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

4.1.2.

The manufacturer shall check the conformity of production by testing the emissions of pollutants (given in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007), the emission of CO2 (along with the measurement of electric energy consumption and, where applicable, the monitoring of the OBFCM device accuracy), the crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions and the OBD in accordance with the test procedures described in Annexes V, VI, XI, XXI and XXII. The verification shall therefore include the tests of types 1, 3, 4, the tests for OBFCM and OBD, as described in section 2.4.

The type approval authority shall keep record for a period of at least 5 years of all the documentation related to the conformity of production test results and shall make it available to the Commission upon request.

The specific procedures for conformity of production are set out in paragraphs 8 and 9 and Appendixes 1 to 4 of UN Regulation No 154, with the following exception:

Table 8/1 in paragraph 8.1.2. of UN Regulation No 154 shall be replaced with:

Table 8/1

Type 1 Applicable Type-1 CoP requirements for the different types of vehicle

Type of vehicle

Pollutant emissions

CO2 emissions

Electric energy consumption

OBFCM accuracy

Pure ICE

Yes

Yes

Not Applicable

Yes

NOVC-HEV

Yes

Yes

Not Applicable

Yes

OVC-HEV

Yes:

CD (9) and CS

:CS only

Yes: CD only

Yes: CS

PEV

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Yes

Not Applicable

NOVC-FCHV

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

OVC-FCHV

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Exempted

Not Applicable

The calculation of additional values required for checking the Conformity of Production of electric energy consumption of PEVs and OVC-HEVs is set out in Appendix 8 of Annex B8 to UN Regulation 154.

4.1.8.

In case of non-conformity Article 51 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858 shall apply.

4.2.6.

Vehicles fitted with eco-innovations

4.2.6.1.

In the case of a vehicle type fitted with one or more eco-innovations, within the meaning of Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2019/631 (10) for M1 or for N1 vehicles, the conformity of production shall be demonstrated with respect to the eco-innovations, by checking the presence of the correct eco-innovation(s) in question.

4.5.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for a Type 3 test

4.5.1.

If a verification of the Type 3 test is to be carried out, it shall be conducted in accordance with the following requirements:

4.5.1.1.

When the approval authority determines that the quality of production seems unsatisfactory, a vehicle shall be randomly taken from the family and subjected to the tests described in Annex V.

4.5.1.2.

The production shall be deemed to conform if this vehicle meets the requirements of the tests described in Annex V.

4.5.1.3.

If the vehicle tested does not satisfy the requirements of Section 4.5.1.1, a further random sample of four vehicles shall be taken from the same family and subjected to the tests described in Annex V. The tests may be carried out on vehicles which have completed a maximum of 15 000 km with no modifications.

4.5.1.4.

The production shall be deemed to conform if at least three vehicles meet the requirements of the tests described in Annex V.’;

(3)

Appendices 1 and 2 are deleted;

(4)

Appendices 3 and 3a are replaced by the following:

‘Appendix 3

MODEL

INFORMATION DOCUMENT No …

RELATING TO EC TYPE-APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE WITH REGARD TO EMISSIONS

The following information, if applicable, must be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any drawings must be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4 format. Photographs, if any, must show sufficient detail.

If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning their performance must be supplied.

0

GENERAL

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer): …

0.2.

Type: …

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s) (if available): …

0.2.2.1.

Allowed Parameter Values for multistage type approval to use the base vehicle emission, consumption and/or range values (insert range if applicable):

Final Vehicle actual mass (in kg): …

Final Vehicle technically permissible maximum laden mass (in kg): …

Frontal area for final vehicle (in cm2): …

Rolling resistance (kg/t): …

Cross-sectional area of air entrance of the front grille (in cm2): …

0.2.3.

Family identifiers:

0.2.3.1.

Interpolation family: …

0.2.3.2.

ATCT family(s): …

0.2.3.3.

PEMS family: …

0.2.3.4.

Roadload family

0.2.3.4.1.

Roadload family of VH: …

0.2.3.4.2.

Roadload family of VL: …

0.2.3.4.3.

Roadload families applicable in the interpolation family: …

0.2.3.5.

Roadload Matrix family(s): …

0.2.3.6.

Periodic regeneration family(s): …

0.2.3.7.

Evaporative test family(s): …

0.2.3.8.

OBD family(s): …

0.2.3.9.

Durability family(s): …

0.2.3.10.

ER family(s): …

0.2.3.11.

Gas Fuelled Vehicle family(s): …

0.2.3.12.

0.2.3.13.

KCO2 correction factor family: …

0.2.4.

other family(s): …

0.4.

Category of vehicle (c): …

0.5

Name and address of the manufacturer

0.8.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s): …

0.9.

Name and address of the manufacturer's representative (if any): …

1

GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS

1.1.

Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle/component/separate technical unit (1):

1.3.3.

Powered axles (number, position, interconnection): …

2

MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (f) (g) (7)

(in kg and mm) (Refer to drawing where applicable)

2.6.

Mass in running order (h)

(a)

maximum and minimum for each variant: …

2.6.3.

Rotational mass: 3 % of the sum of mass in running order and 25 kg or value, per axle (kg): …

2.8.

Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer (i) (3): …

3

PROPULSION ENERGY CONVERTER (k)

3.1.

Manufacturer of the propulsion energy converter(s): …

3.1.1.

Manufacturer's code (as marked on the propulsion energy converter or other means of identification): …

3.2.

Internal combustion engine

3.2.1.1.

Working principle: positive ignition/compression ignition/dual fuel (1)

Cycle: four stroke/two stroke/rotary (1)

3.2.1.2.

Number and arrangement of cylinders: …

3.2.1.2.1.

Bore (1): … mm

3.2.1.2.2.

Stroke (1): … mm

3.2.1.2.3.

Firing order: …

3.2.1.3.

Engine capacity (m): … cm3

3.2.1.4.

Volumetric compression ratio (2): …

3.2.1.5.

Drawings of combustion chamber, piston crown and, in the case of positive ignition engines, piston rings: …

3.2.1.6.

Normal engine idling speed (2): … min–1

3.2.1.6.1.

High engine idling speed (2): … min–1

3.2.1.8.

Rated engine power (n): … kW at … min–1 (manufacturer's declared value)

3.2.1.9.

Maximum permitted engine speed as prescribed by the manufacturer: … min–1

3.2.1.10.

Maximum net torque (n): … Nm at … min–1 (manufacturer's declared value)

3.2.1.11.

The correction factor for compensating ambient conditions is set to 1, in accordance with paragraph 5.4.3 of Annex 5 to UN Regulation No 85: yes/no (1).

3.2.2.

Fuel

3.2.2.1.

Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG or Biomethane/Ethanol (E 85)/Biodiesel/Hydrogen (1), (6)

3.2.2.1.1.

RON, unleaded: …

3.2.2.4.

Vehicle fuel type: Mono fuel, Bi fuel, Flex fuel (1)

3.2.2.5.

Maximum amount of biofuel acceptable in fuel (manufacturer's declared value): … % by volume

3.2.4.

Fuel feed

3.2.4.1.

By carburettor(s): yes/no (1)

3.2.4.2.

By fuel injection (compression ignition or dual fuel only): yes/no (1)

3.2.4.2.1.

System description (common rail/unit injectors/distribution pump etc.): …

3.2.4.2.2.

Working principle: direct injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber (1)

3.2.4.2.3.

Injection/Delivery pump

3.2.4.2.3.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.3.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.3.3.

Maximum fuel delivery (1) (2): … mm3 /stroke or cycle at an engine speed of: … min–1 or, alternatively, a characteristic diagram: … (When boost control is supplied, state the characteristic fuel delivery and boost pressure versus engine speed)

3.2.4.2.4.

Engine speed limitation control

3.2.4.2.4.2.1.

Speed at which cut-off starts under load: … min–1

3.2.4.2.4.2.2.

Maximum no-load speed: … min–1

3.2.4.2.6.

Injector(s)

3.2.4.2.6.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.6.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.8.

Auxiliary starting aid

3.2.4.2.8.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.8.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.8.3.

System description: …

3.2.4.2.9.

Electronic controlled injection: yes/no (1)

3.2.4.2.9.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.9.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.9.3

Description of the system: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.1.

Make and type of the control unit (ECU): …

3.2.4.2.9.3.1.1.

Software version of the ECU: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.2.

Make and type of the fuel regulator: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.3.

Make and type of the air-flow sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.4.

Make and type of fuel distributor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.5.

Make and type of the throttle housing: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.6.

Make and type or working principle of water temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.7.

Make and type or working principle of air temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.8.

Make and type or working principle of air pressure sensor: …

3.2.4.3.

By fuel injection (positive ignition only): yes/no (1)

3.2.4.3.1.

Working principle: single-/multi-point/direct injection /other (specify) (1): …

3.2.4.3.2.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.3.3.

Type(s): …

3.2.4.3.4.

System description (In the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details): …

3.2.4.3.4.1.

Make and type of the control unit (ECU): …

3.2.4.3.4.1.1.

Software version of the ECU: …

3.2.4.3.4.3.

Make and type or working principle of air-flow sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.8.

Make and type of throttle housing: …

3.2.4.3.4.9.

Make and type or working principle of water temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.10.

Make and type or working principle of air temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.11.

Make and type or working principle of air pressure sensor: …

3.2.4.3.5.

Injectors

3.2.4.3.5.1.

Make: …

3.2.4.3.5.2.

Type: …

3.2.4.3.7.

Cold start system

3.2.4.3.7.1.

Operating principle(s): …

3.2.4.3.7.2.

Operating limits/settings (1) (2): …

3.2.4.4.

Feed pump

3.2.4.4.1.

Pressure (2): … kPa or characteristic diagram (2): …

3.2.4.4.2.

Make(s): …

3.2.4.4.3.

Type(s): …

3.2.5.

Electrical system

3.2.5.1.

Rated voltage: … V, positive/negative ground (1)

3.2.5.2.

Generator

3.2.5.2.1.

Type: …

3.2.5.2.2.

Nominal output: … VA

3.2.6.

Ignition system (spark ignition engines only)

3.2.6.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.6.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.6.3.

Working principle: …

3.2.6.6.

Spark plugs

3.2.6.6.1.

Make: …

3.2.6.6.2.

Type: …

3.2.6.6.3.

Gap setting: … mm

3.2.6.7.

Ignition coil(s)

3.2.6.7.1.

Make: …

3.2.6.7.2.

Type: …

3.2.7.

Cooling system: liquid/air (1)

3.2.7.1.

Nominal setting of the engine temperature control mechanism: …

3.2.7.2.

Liquid

3.2.7.2.1.

Nature of liquid: …

3.2.7.2.2.

Circulating pump(s): yes/no (1)

3.2.7.2.3.

Characteristics: … or

3.2.7.2.3.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.7.2.3.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.7.2.4.

Drive ratio(s): …

3.2.7.2.5.

Description of the fan and its drive mechanism: …

3.2.7.3.

Air

3.2.7.3.1.

Fan: yes/no (1)

3.2.7.3.2.

Characteristics: … or

3.2.7.3.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.7.3.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.7.3.3.

Drive ratio(s): …

3.2.8.

Intake system

3.2.8.1.

Pressure charger: yes/no (1)

3.2.8.1.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.8.1.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.8.1.3.

Description of the system (e.g. maximum charge pressure: … kPa; wastegate if applicable): …

3.2.8.2.

Intercooler: yes/no (1)

3.2.8.2.1.

Type: air-air/air-water (1)

3.2.8.3.

Intake depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only)

3.2.8.4.

Description and drawings of inlet pipes and their accessories (plenum chamber, heating device, additional air intakes, etc.): …

3.2.8.4.1.

Intake manifold description (include drawings and/or photos): …

3.2.8.4.2.

Air filter, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.8.4.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.8.4.3.

Intake silencer, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.3.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.8.4.3.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.9.

Exhaust system

3.2.9.1.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust manifold: …

3.2.9.2.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust system: …

3.2.9.3.

Maximum allowable exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only): … kPa

3.2.10.

Minimum cross-sectional areas of inlet and outlet ports: …

3.2.11.

Valve timing or equivalent data

3.2.11.1.

Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative distribution systems, in relation to dead centres. For variable timing system, minimum and maximum timing: …

3.2.11.2.

Reference and/or setting ranges (1): …

3.2.12.

Measures taken against air pollution

3.2.12.1.

Device for recycling crankcase gases (description and drawings): …

3.2.12.2.

Pollution control devices (if not covered by another heading)

3.2.12.2.1.

Catalytic converter

3.2.12.2.1.1.

Number of catalytic converters and elements (provide the information below for each separate unit): …

3.2.12.2.1.2.

Dimensions, shape and volume of the catalytic converter(s): …

3.2.12.2.1.3.

Type of catalytic action: …

3.2.12.2.1.4.

Total charge of precious metals: …

3.2.12.2.1.5.

Relative concentration: …

3.2.12.2.1.6.

Substrate (structure and material): …

3.2.12.2.1.7.

Cell density: …

3.2.12.2.1.8.

Type of casing for the catalytic converter(s): …

3.2.12.2.1.9.

Location of the catalytic converter(s) (place and reference distance in the exhaust line): …

3.2.12.2.1.10.

Heat shield: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.1.11.

Normal operating temperature range: … °C

3.2.12.2.1.12.

Make of catalytic converter: …

3.2.12.2.1.13.

Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.2.

Sensors

3.2.12.2.2.1.

Oxygen and/or lambda sensor(s): yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.2.1.1.

Make: …

3.2.12.2.2.1.2.

Location: …

3.2.12.2.2.1.3.

Control range: …

3.2.12.2.2.1.4.

Type or working principle: …

3.2.12.2.2.1.5.

Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.2.2.

NOx sensor: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.2.2.1.

Make: …

3.2.12.2.2.2.2.

Type: …

3.2.12.2.2.2.3.

Location

3.2.12.2.2.3.

Particulate sensor: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.2.3.1.

Make: …

3.2.12.2.2.3.2.

Type: …

3.2.12.2.2.3.3.

Location: …

3.2.12.2.3.

Air injection: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.3.1.

Type (pulse air, air pump, etc.): …

3.2.12.2.4.

Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR): yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.4.1.

Characteristics (make, type, flow, high pressure/low pressure/combined pressure, etc.): …

3.2.12.2.4.2.

Water-cooled system (to be specified for each EGR system e.g. low pressure/high pressure/combined pressure: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.5.

Evaporative emissions control system (petrol and ethanol engines only): yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.5.1.

Detailed description of the devices: …

3.2.12.2.5.2.

Drawing of the evaporative control system: …

3.2.12.2.5.3.

Drawing of the carbon canister: …

3.2.12.2.5.4.

Mass of dry charcoal: … g

3.2.12.2.5.5.

Schematic drawing of the fuel tank (petrol and ethanol engines only): …

3.2.12.2.5.5.1.

Fuel tank system capacity, material and construction: …

3.2.12.2.5.5.2.

Description of vapour hose material, fuel line material and connection technique of the fuel system: …

3.2.12.2.5.5.3.

Sealed tank system: yes/no

3.2.12.2.5.5.4.

Description of fuel tank relief valve setting (air ingestion and relief): …

3.2.12.2.5.5.5.

Description of the purge control system: …

3.2.12.2.5.6.

Description and schematic of the heat shield between tank and exhaust system: …

3.2.12.2.5.7.

Permeability factor: …

3.2.12.2.6.

Particulate trap (PT): yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.6.1.

Dimensions, shape and capacity of the particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.2.

Design of the particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.3.

Location (reference distance in the exhaust line): …

3.2.12.2.6.4.

Make of particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.5.

Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.7

On-board-diagnostic (OBD) system: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.7.1.

Written description and/or drawing of the MI: …

3.2.12.2.7.2.

List and purpose of all components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.

Written description (general working principles) for

3.2.12.2.7.3.1

Positive-ignition engines

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.1.

Catalyst monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.2.

Misfire detection: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.3.

Oxygen sensor monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.4.

Other components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.

Compression-ignition engines

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.1.

Catalyst monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.2.

Particulate trap monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.3.

Electronic fuelling system monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.5.

Other components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.4.

Criteria for MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method): …

3.2.12.2.7.5.

List of all OBD output codes and formats used (with explanation of each): …

3.2.12.2.7.6.

The following additional information shall be provided by the vehicle manufacturer for the purposes of enabling the manufacture of OBD-compatible replacement or service parts and diagnostic tools and test equipment.

3.2.12.2.7.6.1.

A description of the type and number of the preconditioning cycles or alternative preconditioning methods used for the original type approval of the vehicle and the reason for their usage.

3.2.12.2.7.6.2.

A description of the type of the OBD demonstration cycle used for the original type-approval of the vehicle for the component monitored by the OBD system.

3.2.12.2.7.6.3.

A comprehensive document describing all sensed components with the strategy for fault detection and MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method), including a list of relevant secondary sensed parameters for each component monitored by the OBD system. A list of all OBD output codes and format used (with an explanation of each) associated with individual emission related power-train components and individual non-emission related components, where monitoring of the component is used to determine MI activation, including in particular a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $05 Test ID $21 to FF and the data given in service $06.

In the case of vehicle types that use a communication link in accordance with ISO 15765-4 “Road vehicles, diagnostics on controller area network (CAN) — Part 4: requirements for emissions-related systems”, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $06 Test ID $00 to FF, for each OBD monitor ID supported, shall be provided.

3.2.12.2.7.6.4.

The information required above may be defined by completing a table as described below.

3.2.12.2.7.6.4.1.

Light-duty vehicles

Component

Fault code

Monitoring strategy

Fault detection criteria

MI activation criteria

Secondary parameters

Preconditioning

Demonstration test

Catalyst

P0420

Oxygen sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals

Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals-

3rd cycle

Engine speed load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature

Two Type 1 cycles

Type 1

3.2.12.2.8.

Other system: …

3.2.12.2.8.2.

Driver inducement system

3.2.12.2.8.2.3.

Type of inducement system: no engine restart after countdown/no start after refuelling/fuel-lockout/performance restriction

3.2.12.2.8.2.4.

Description of the inducement system

3.2.12.2.8.2.5.

Equivalent to the average driving range of the vehicle with a complete tank of fuel: … km

3.2.12.2.10.

Periodically regenerating system: (provide the information below for each separate unit)

3.2.12.2.10.1.

Method or system of regeneration, description and/or drawing: …

3.2.12.2.10.2.

The number of Type 1 operating cycles, or equivalent engine test bench cycles, between two cycles where regenerative phases occur under the conditions equivalent to Type 1 test (Distance “D”): …

3.2.12.2.10.2.1.

Applicable Type 1 cycle (indicate the applicable procedure: Annex XXI or UN/ECE Regulation 83): …

3.2.12.2.10.2.2.

The number of complete applicable test cycles required for regeneration (distance “d”)

3.2.12.2.10.3.

Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two cycles where regenerative phases occur: …

3.2.12.2.10.4.

Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs (i.e. temperature, pressure etc.): …

3.2.12.2.10.5.

Description of method used to load system: …

3.2.12.2.11.

Catalytic converter systems using consumable reagents (provide the information below for each separate unit) yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.11.1.

Type and concentration of reagent needed: …

3.2.12.2.11.2.

Normal operational temperature range of reagent: …

3.2.12.2.11.3.

International standard: …

3.2.12.2.11.4.

Frequency of reagent refill: continuous/maintenance (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.11.5.

Reagent indicator: (description and location) …

3.2.12.2.11.6.

Reagent tank

3.2.12.2.11.6.1.

Capacity: …

3.2.12.2.11.6.2.

Heating system: yes/no

3.2.12.2.11.6.2.1.

Description or drawing

3.2.12.2.11.7.

Reagent control unit: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.11.7.1.

Make: …

3.2.12.2.11.7.2.

Type: …

3.2.12.2.11.8.

Reagent injector (make type and location): …

3.2.12.2.11.9.

Reagent quality sensor (make, type and location): …

3.2.12.2.12.

Water injection: yes/no (1)

3.2.13.

Smoke opacity

3.2.13.1.

Location of the absorption coefficient symbol (compression ignition engines only): …

3.2.14.

Details of any devices designed to influence fuel economy (if not covered by other items): …

3.2.15.

LPG fuelling system: yes/no (1)

3.2.15.1.

Type-approval number according to Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 (r) or Regulation (EU) 2019/2144(s): …

3.2.15.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for LPG fuelling

3.2.15.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.15.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.15.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.15.3.

Further documentation

3.2.15.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to LPG or back: …

3.2.15.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.15.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.16.

NG fuelling system: yes/no (1)

3.2.16.1.

Type-approval number according to Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 or Regulation (EU) 2019/2144: …

3.2.16.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for NG fuelling

3.2.16.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.16.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.16.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.16.3.

Further documentation

3.2.16.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to NG or back: …

3.2.16.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.16.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.18.

Hydrogen fuelling system: yes/no (1)

3.2.18.1.

EC type-approval number in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 79/2009 or Regulation (EU) 2019/2144: …

3.2.18.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for hydrogen fuelling

3.2.18.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.18.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.18.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.18.3.

Further documentation

3.2.18.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to hydrogen or back: …

3.2.18.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.18.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.19.

H2NG fuelling system: yes/no (1)

3.2.19.1.

Percentage of hydrogen in the fuel (the maximum specified by the manufacturer): …

3.2.19.2.

Number of the EU type-approval certificate issued in accordance with UN Regulation No 110: …

3.2.19.3

Electronic engine management control unit for H2NG fuelling

3.2.19.3.1.

Make(s): …

3.2.19.3.2.

Type(s): …

3.2.19.3.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.19.4.

Further documentation

3.2.19.4.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.19.4.3.

Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.20.

Heat storage information

3.2.20.1.

Active heat storage device: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.1.1.

Enthalpy: … (J)

3.2.20.2.

Insulation materials: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.2.1.

Insulation material: …

3.2.20.2.2.

Insulation nominal volume: …(t)

3.2.20.2.3.

Insulation nominal weight: …(t)

3.2.20.2.4.

Insulation location: …

3.2.20.2.5.

Worst case approach vehicle cool down: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.2.5.1.

(not worst case approach) Minimum soaking time, tsoak_ATCT (hours):…

3.2.20.2.5.2.

(not worst case approach) Location of the engine temperature measurement: …

3.2.20.2.6.

Single interpolation family within the ATCT family approach: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.2.7.

Worst case approach with regards to insulation: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.2.7.1.

Description of the ATCT measured reference vehicle regarding insulation: …

3.3.

Electric powertrain (for PEV only)

3.3.1.

General description of electric power train

3.3.1.1.

Make: …

3.3.1.2.

Type: …

3.3.1.3.

Use (1): Monomotor/multimotors (number): …

3.3.1.4.

Transmission arrangement: parallel/transaxial/others, to precise: …

3.3.1.5.

Test voltage: … V

3.3.1.6.

Motor nominal speed: … min–1

3.3.1.7.

Motor maximum speed: … min–1 or by default: reducer outlet shaft/gear box speed (specify gear engaged): … min–1

3.3.1.9.

Maximum power: … kW

3.3.1.10.

Maximum thirty minutes power: … kW

3.3.1.11.

Flexible range (where P > 90 per cent of max. power):

speed at the beginning of range: … min–1

speed at the end of range: … min–1

3.3.2.

Traction REESS

3.3.2.1.

Trade name and mark of the REESS: …

3.3.2.2.

Kind of electro-chemical couple: …

3.3.2.3.

Nominal voltage: … V

3.3.2.4.

REESS maximum thirty minutes power (constant power discharge): … kW

3.3.2.5.

REESS performance in 2 h discharge (constant power or constant current) (1):

3.3.2.5.1.

REESS energy: … kWh

3.3.2.5.2.

REESS capacity: … Ah in 2 h

3.3.2.5.3.

End of discharge voltage value: … V

3.3.2.6.

Indication of the end of the discharge that leads to a compulsory stop of the vehicle (1): ……………………..

3.3.2.7.

REESS mass: …………………….. kg

3.3.2.8.

Number of cells:……

3.3.2.9.

REESS position:…………

3.3.2.10.

Type of coolant: air/liquid (1)

3.3.2.11.

Battery management system control unit

3.3.2.11.1.

Make: ………..

3.3.2.11.2.

Type: …….

3.3.2.11.3.

Identification number: …..

3.3.3.

Electric Motor

3.3.3.1.

Working principle:

3.3.3.1.1.

direct current/alternating current (1) /number of phases: ……………………..

3.3.3.1.2.

separate excitation/series/compound (1)

3.3.3.1.3.

synchronous/asynchronous (1)

3.3.3.1.4.

coiled rotor/with permanent magnets/with housing (1)

3.3.3.1.5.

number of poles of the motor: ……………………..

3.3.3.2.

Inertia mass: ……………………..

3.3.4.

Power controller

3.3.4.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.3.4.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.3.4.2.1.

Identification number: …..

3.3.4.3.

Control principle: vectorial/open loop/closed/other (to be specified): (1) ……………………..

3.3.4.4.

Maximum effective current supplied to the motor: (2) …………………….. A during …………………….. seconds

3.3.4.5.

Voltage range use: …………………….. V to …………………….. V

3.3.5.

Cooling system:

Motor: liquid/air (1)

Controller: liquid/air (1)

3.3.5.1.

Liquid-cooling equipment characteristics:

3.3.5.1.1.

Nature of the liquid …………………….. circulating pumps: yes/no (1)

3.3.5.1.2.

Characteristics or make(s) and type(s) of the pump: ……………………..

3.3.5.1.3.

Thermostat: setting: ……………………..

3.3.5.1.4.

Radiator: drawing(s) or make(s) and type(s): ……………………..

3.3.5.1.5.

Relief valve: pressure setting: ……………………..

3.3.5.1.6.

Fan: characteristics or make(s) and type(s): ……………………..

3.3.5.1.7.

Fan duct: ……………………..

3.3.5.2.

Air-cooling equipment characteristics

3.3.5.2.1.

Blower: characteristics or make(s) and type(s): ……………………..

3.3.5.2.2.

Standard air ducting: ……………………..

3.3.5.2.3.

Temperature regulating system: yes/no (1)

3.3.5.2.4.

Brief description: ……………………..

3.3.5.2.5.

Air filter: …………………….. make(s): …………………….. type(s):

3.3.5.3.

Temperatures admitted by the manufacturer (maximum)

3.3.5.3.1.

Motor outlet: ……………………..°C

3.3.5.3.2.

controller inlet: ……………………..°C

3.3.5.3.3.

at motor reference point(s): ……………………..°C

3.3.5.3.4.

at controller reference point(s): ……………………..°C

3.3.6.

Insulating category: ……………………..

3.3.7.

International protection (IP)-code: ……………………..

3.3.8.

Lubrication system principle (1):

Bearings: friction/ball

Lubricant: grease/oil

Seal: yes/no

Circulation: with/without

3.3.9.

Charger

3.3.9.1.

Charger: on board/external (1) in case of an external unit, define the charger (trademark, model): ……………………..

3.3.9.2.

Description of the normal profile of charge:

3.3.9.3.

Specification of mains:

3.3.9.3.1.

Type of mains: single phase/three phase (1)

3.3.9.3.2.

Voltage: ……………………..

3.3.9.4.

Rest period recommended between the end of the discharge and the start of the charge: ……………………..

3.3.9.5.

Theoretical duration of a complete charge: ……………………..

3.3.10.

Electric energy converters

3.3.10.1.

Electric energy converter between the electric machine and traction REESS

3.3.10.1.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.3.10.1.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.3.10.1.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.3.10.2.

Electric energy converter between the traction REESS and low voltage power supply

3.3.10.2.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.3.10.2.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.3.10.2.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.3.10.3.

Electric energy converter between the recharge-plug-in and traction REESS

3.3.10.3.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.3.10.3.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.3.10.3.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.4.

Combinations of propulsion energy converters

3.4.1.

Hybrid electric vehicle: yes/no (1)

3.4.2.

Category of hybrid electric vehicle: off-vehicle charging/not off-vehicle charging: (1)

3.4.3.

Operating mode switch: with/without (1)

3.4.3.1.

Selectable modes

3.4.3.1.1.

Pure electric: yes/no (1)

3.4.3.1.2.

Pure fuel consuming: yes/no (1)

3.4.3.1.3.

Hybrid modes: yes/no (1)

(if yes, short description): …

3.4.4.

Description of the energy storage device: (REESS, capacitor, flywheel/generator)

3.4.4.1.

Make(s): …

3.4.4.2.

Type(s): …

3.4.4.3.

Identification number: …

3.4.4.4.

Kind of electrochemical couple: …

3.4.4.5.

Energy: … (for REESS: voltage and capacity Ah in 2 h, for capacitor: J, …)

3.4.4.6.

Charger: on board/external/without (1)

3.4.4.7.

Type of coolant: air/liquid (1)

3.4.4.8.

Battery management system control unit

3.4.4.8.1.

Make: ………..

3.4.4.8.2.

Type: …….

3.4.4.8.3.

Identification number: …..

3.4.5.

Electric machine (describe each type of electric machine separately)

3.4.5.1.

Make: …

3.4.5.2.

Type: …

3.4.5.3.

Primary use: traction motor/generator (1)

3.4.5.3.1.

When used as traction motor: single-/multimotors (number) (1): …

3.4.5.4.

Maximum power: … kW

3.4.5.5.

Working principle

3.4.5.5.5.1

Direct current/alternating current/number of phases: …

3.4.5.5.2.

Separate excitation/series/compound (1)

3.4.5.5.3.

Synchronous/asynchronous (1)

3.4.6.

Control unit

3.4.6.1.

Make(s): …

3.4.6.2.

Type(s): …

3.4.6.3.

Identification number: …

3.4.7.

Power controller

3.4.7.1.

Make: …

3.4.7.2.

Type: …

3.4.7.3.

Identification number: …

3.4.9.

Manufacturer's recommendation for preconditioning: …

3.4.10.

FCHV: yes/no (1)

3.4.10.1.

Type of Fuel Cell

3.4.10.1.2.

Make: …

3.4.10.1.3.

Type: …

3.4.10.1.4.

Nominal Voltage (V): …

3.4.10.1.5.

Type of coolant: air/liquid (1)

3.4.10.2.

System description (working principle of the fuel cell, drawing, etc.): …

3.4.11.

Electric energy converters

3.4.11.1.

Electric energy converter between the electric machine and traction REESS

3.4.11.1.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.4.11.1.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.4.11.1.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.4.11.2.

Electric energy converter between the traction REESS and low voltage power supply

3.4.11.2.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.4.11.2.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.4.11.2.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.4.11.3.

Electric energy converter between the recharge-plug-in and traction REESS

3.4.11.3.1.

Make: ……………………..

3.4.11.3.2.

Type: ……………………..

3.4.11.3.3.

Declared nominal power: …………………….. W

3.5.

Manufacturer’s declared values for determination of CO2 emissions/fuel consumption/electric consumption/electric range and details of eco-innovations (where applicable) (o)

3.5.7.

Manufacturer’s declared values

3.5.7.1.

Test vehicle parameters

Vehicle

Vehicle Low (VL) if existing

Vehicle High (VH)

VM if existing

V representative (only for road load matrix family (*1)

Default values

Vehicle bodywork type

 

 

 

 

Road load method used (measurement or calculation by road load family)

 

 

 

Road load information:

 

Tyres make and type,

if measurement

 

 

 

 

Tyre dimensions (front/rear),

if measurement

 

 

 

 

Tyre rolling resistance (front/rear) (kg/t)

 

 

 

 

Tyre pressure (front/rear) (kPa),

if measurement

 

 

 

 

Delta CD × A of vehicle L compared to vehicle H (IP_H minus IP_L)

 

 

Delta CD × A compared to road load family vehicle L (IP_H/L minus RL_L), if calculation by road load family

 

 

 

Vehicle test mass (kg)

 

 

 

 

 

Mass in running order (kg)

 

 

Technically permissible maximum laden mass (kg)

 

 

Road load coefficients

 

f0 (N)

 

 

 

 

 

f1 (N/(km/h))

 

 

 

 

 

f2 (N/(km/h)2)

 

 

 

 

 

Frontal area m2 (0.000 m2)

 

 

Cycle Energy Demand (J)

 

 

 

 

 

3.5.7.1.1.

Fuel used for the Type 1 test and selected for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX to this Regulation (for LPG or NG vehicles only): …

3.5.7.2.

Combined CO2 emissions

3.5.7.2.1.

CO2 emission for pure ICE vehicles and NOVC-HEVs

3.5.7.2.1.0.

Minimum and maximum CO2 values within the interpolation family: … g/km

3.5.7.2.1.1.

Vehicle high: … g/km

3.5.7.2.1.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.1.3.

Vehicle M (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.2

Charge-Sustaining CO2 emission for OVC-HEVs

3.5.7.2.2.1.

Charge-Sustaining CO2 emission vehicle high: g/km

3.5.7.2.2.2.

Charge-Sustaining CO2 emission vehicle low (if applicable): g/km

3.5.7.2.2.3

Charge-Sustaining CO2 emission vehicle M (if applicable): g/km

3.5.7.2.3.

Charge-Depleting CO2 emission and weighted CO2 emission for OVC-HEVs

3.5.7.2.3.1.

Charge-Depleting CO2 emission of Vehicle high: … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.2.

Charge-Depleting CO2 emission of Vehicle low (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.3.

Charge-Depleting CO2 emission of Vehicle M (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.4.

Minimum and maximum weighted CO2 values within the OVC interpolation family : … g/km

3.5.7.3.

Electric range for electrified vehicles

3.5.7.3.1.

Pure Electric Range (PER) for PEVs

3.5.7.3.1.1.

Vehicle high: … km

3.5.7.3.1.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … km

3.5.7.3.2.

All Electric Range AER for OVC-HEVs and OVC-FCHVs (as applicable)

3.5.7.3.2.1.

Vehicle high: … km

3.5.7.3.2.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … km

3.5.7.3.2.3.

Vehicle M (if applicable): … km

3.5.7.4.

Fuel consumption (FCCS) for FCHVs

3.5.7.4.1.

Charge-Sustaining fuel consumption for NOVC-FCHVs and OVC-FCHVs (as applicable)

3.5.7.4.1.1.

Vehicle high: … kg/100 km

3.5.7.4.1.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … kg/100 km

3.5.7.4.1.3.

Vehicle M (if applicable): … kg/100 km

3.5.7.4.2.

Charge-Depleting fuel consumption for OVC-FCHVs (as applicable)

3.5.7.4.2.1.

Vehicle high: … kg/100 km

3.5.7.4.2.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … kg/100 km

3.5.7.5.

Electric energy consumption for electrified vehicles

3.5.7.5.1.

Combined electric energy consumption (ECWLTC) for Pure electric vehicles

3.5.7.5.1.1.

Vehicle high: … Wh/km

3.5.7.5.1.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … Wh/km

3.5.7.5.2.

UF-weighted charge-depleting electric consumption ECAC,CD (combined)

3.5.7.5.2.1.

Vehicle high: … Wh/km

3.5.7.5.2.2.

Vehicle low (if applicable): … Wh/km

3.5.7.5.2.3.

Vehicle M (if applicable): … Wh/km

3.5.8.

Vehicle fitted with an eco-innovation within the meaning of Article 11 of Regulation (EU) No 2019/631 for M1 or N1 vehicles: yes/no (1)

3.5.8.1.

Type/Variant/Version of the baseline vehicle as referred to in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 725/2011 for M1 vehicles or Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 427/2014 for N1 vehicles (if applicable): …

3.5.8.2.

Existence of interactions between different eco-innovations: yes/no (1)

3.5.8.3.

Emissions data related to the use of eco-innovations (repeat the table for each reference fuel tested) (w1)

Decision approving the eco-innovation (w2)

Code of the eco-innovation (w3)

1. CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle (g/km)

2. CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle (g/km)

3. CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (w4)

4. CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under type 1 test-cycle

5. Usage factor (UF), i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings ((1 – 2) – (3 – 4))*5

xxx/201x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total WLTP CO2 emissions saving (g/km)(w5)

3.6.

Temperatures permitted by the manufacturer

3.6.1.

Cooling system

3.6.1.1.

Liquid cooling

Maximum temperature at outlet: … K

3.6.1.2.

Air cooling

3.6.1.2.1.

Reference point: …

3.6.1.2.2.

Maximum temperature at reference point: … K

3.6.2.

Maximum outlet temperature of the inlet intercooler: … K

3.6.3.

Maximum exhaust temperature at the point in the exhaust pipe(s) adjacent to the outer flange(s) of the exhaust manifold or turbocharger: … K

3.6.4.

Fuel temperature

Minimum: … K — maximum: … K

For diesel engines at injection pump inlet, for gas fuelled engines at pressure regulator final stage

3.6.5.

Lubricant temperature

Minimum: … K — maximum: … K

3.8.

Lubrication system

3.8.1.

Description of the system

3.8.1.1.

Position of lubricant reservoir: …

3.8.1.2.

Feed system (by pump/injection into intake/mixing with fuel, etc.) (1)

3.8.2.

Lubricating pump

3.8.2.1.

Make(s): …

3.8.2.2.

Type(s): …

3.8.3.

Mixture with fuel

3.8.3.1.

Percentage: …

3.8.4.

Oil cooler: yes/no (1)

3.8.4.1.

Drawing(s): … or

3.8.4.1.1.

Make(s): …

3.8.4.1.2.

Type(s): …

3.8.5.

Lubricant specification: …W…

4

TRANSMISSION (p)

4.3.

Moment of inertia of engine flywheel: …

4.3.1.

Additional moment of inertia with no gear engaged: …

4.4.

Clutch(es)

4.4.1.

Type: …

4.4.2.

Maximum torque conversion: …

4.5.

Gearbox

4.5.1.

Type (manual/automatic/CVT (continuously variable transmission)) (1)

4.5.1.4.

Torque rating: …

4.5.1.5.

Number of clutches: …

4.6.

Gear ratios

Gear

Internal gearbox ratios (ratios of engine to gearbox output shaft revolutions)

Final drive ratio(s) (ratio of gearbox output shaft to driven wheel revolutions)

Total gear ratios

Maximum for CVT

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum for CVT

 

 

 

4.6.1

Gearshift (not applicable in case of automatic transmission)

4.6.1.1.

Gear 1 excluded: yes/no (1)

4.6.1.2.

n_95_high for each gear: … min–1

4.6.1.3.

nmin_drive

4.6.1.3.1.

1st gear: … min–1

4.6.1.3.2.

1st gear to 2nd: … min–1

4.6.1.3.3.

2nd gear to standstill: … min–1

4.6.1.3.4.

2nd gear: … min–1

4.6.1.3.5.

3rd gear and beyond: … min–1

4.6.1.4.

n_min_drive_set for acceleration/constant speed phases (n_min_drive_up): … min–1

4.6.1.5.

n_min_drive_set for deceleration phases (nmin_drive_down):

4.6.1.6.

initial period of time

4.6.1.6.1.

t_start_phase: … s

4.6.1.6.2.

n_min_drive_start: … min–1

4.6.1.6.3.

n_min_drive_up_start: … min–1

4.6.1.7.

use of ASM: yes/no (1)

4.6.1.7.1.

ASM values: … at … min–1

4.7.

Maximum vehicle design speed (in km/h) (q): …

4.12.

Gearbox lubricant: …W…

6

SUSPENSION

6.6.

Tyres and wheels

6.6.1.

Tyre/wheel combination(s)

6.6.1.1.

Axles

6.6.1.1.1.

Axle 1: …

6.6.1.1.1.1.

Tyre size designation

6.6.1.1.2.

Axle 2: …

6.6.1.1.2.1.

Tyre size designation

etc.

6.6.2.

Upper and lower limits of rolling radii

6.6.2.1.

Axle 1: …

6.6.2.2.

Axle 2: …

6.6.3.

Tyre pressure(s) as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer: … kPa

9

BODYWORK

9.1.

Type of bodywork using the codes defined in Part C of Annex I of Regulation (EU) 2018/858: …

12.

MISCELLANEOUS

12.10.

Devices or systems with driver selectable modes which influence CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and/or criteria emissions and do not have a predominant mode: yes/no (1)

12.10.1.

Charge-sustaining test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.10.1.0.

Predominant mode under CS condition: yes/no (1)

12.10.1.0.1.

Predominant mode under CS condition: … (if applicable)

12.10.1.1.

Best case mode: … (if applicable)

12.10.1.2.

Worst case mode: … (if applicable)

12.10.1.3.

Mode which enables the vehicle to follow the reference test cycle: … (in case no predominant mode under CS condition and only one mode is able to follow the reference test cycle)

12.10.2.

Charge-depleting test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.10.2.0.

Predominant mode under CD condition: yes/no (1)

12.10.2.0.1.

Predominant mode under CD condition: … (if applicable)

12.10.2.1.

Most energy consuming mode: … (if applicable)

12.10.2.2.

Mode which enables the vehicle to follow the reference test cycle: … (in case no predominant mode under CD condition and only one mode is able to follow the reference test cycle)

12.10.3.

Type 1 test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.10.3.1.

Best case mode: …

12.10.3.2.

Worst case mode: …

Explanatory notes

(1)

Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable).

(2)

Specify the tolerance.

(3)

Please fill in here the upper and lower values for each variant.

(6)

(7)

Optional equipment that affects the dimensions of the vehicle shall be specified.

(c)

Classified according to the definitions set out in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

(f)

Where there is one version with a normal cab and another with a sleeper cab, both sets of masses and dimensions are to be stated.

(g)

Standard ISO 612: 1978 — Road vehicles — Dimensions of motor vehicles and towed vehicles — terms and definitions.

(h)

The mass of the driver is assessed at 75 kg.

The liquid containing systems (except those for used water that must remain empty) are filled to 100 % of the capacity specified by the manufacturer.

The information referred to in points 2.6(b) and 2.6.1(b) do not need to be provided for vehicle categories N2, N3, M2, M3, O3, and O4.

(i)

For trailers or semi-trailers, and for vehicles coupled with a trailer or a semi-trailer, which exert a significant vertical load on the coupling device or the fifth wheel, this load, divided by standard acceleration of gravity, is included in the maximum technically permissible mass.

(k)

In the case of a vehicle that can run either on petrol, diesel, etc., or also in combination with another fuel, items shall be repeated.

In the case of non-conventional engines and systems, particulars equivalent to those referred to here shall be supplied by the manufacturer.

(l)

This figure shall be rounded off to the nearest tenth of a millimetre.

(m)

This value shall be calculated (π = 3,1416) and rounded off to the nearest cm3.

(n)

Determined in accordance with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 or Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 as applicable.

(o)

Determined in accordance with the requirements of Council Directive 80/1268/EEC (OJ L 375, 31.12.1980, p. 36).

(p)

The specified particulars are to be given for any proposed variants.

(q)

With respect to trailers, maximum speed permitted by the manufacturer.

(r)

OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, p. 1.

(s)

OJ L 325, 16.12.2019, p. 1.

(t)

For insulation nominal volume and insulation nominal weight, state to 2 decimal places. A tolerance of +/– 10 per cent shall be applied for insulation volume and insulation weight. Not to be documented if ‘no’ in paragraph 3.2.20.2.5. or 3.2.20.2.7.

(w)

Eco-innovations.

(w1)

Expand the table if necessary, using one extra row per eco-innovation.

(w2)

Number of the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(w3)

Assigned in the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(w4)

Under agreement of the type-approval authority, if a modelling methodology is applied instead of the type 1 test cycle, this value shall be the one provided by the modelling methodology.

(w5)

Sum of the CO2 emissions savings of each individual eco-innovation.

‘Appendix 3a

DOCUMENTATION PACKAGES

Formal Documentation Package

The manufacturer may use one formal documentation package for multiple emission type approvals. The formal documentation package shall include the following information:

Point

Explanation

1.

Emission Type Approval Number(s)

List of emission type approval number(s) covered by this BES-AES declaration:

including TA reference, software reference, calibration number, checksums of each version and of each relevant Control Unit (CU) such as engine and aftertreatment ones

Method of reading of software and calibration version

E.g. scan-tool explanation

2.

Base Emission Strategies

 

BES x

Description of strategy x

BES y

Description of strategy y

3.

Auxiliary Emission Strategies

 

Presentation of the AESs

Hierarchical relations among AES: which AES takes precedence if more than one are present

AES x

AES description and justification

Measured and/or modelled parameters for AES activation

Other parameters used to activate the AES

Increase of pollutants and CO2 during the use of AES compared to BES

AES y

As above

Extended Documentation Package

The extended documentation package shall include the following information on all AES:

(a)

a declaration of the manufacturer that the vehicle does not contain any defeat device not covered by one of the exceptions in Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007;

(b)

a description of the engine and the emission control strategies and devices employed, whether software or hardware, and any condition(s) under which the strategies and devices will not operate as they do during testing for TA;

(c)

a declaration of the software versions used to control these AES/BES, including the appropriate checksums or reference values of these software versions and instructions to the authority on how to read the checksums or reference values; the declaration shall be updated and sent to the type approval authority that holds this extended documentation package each time there is a new software version that has an impact to the AES/BES. Manufacturers may request to use an alternative to a checksum as long as it provides an equivalent level of traceability for software version changes;

(d)

detailed technical reasoning of any AES estimating the impact with the AES and without it, and information on the following:

(i)

why any of the exception clauses from the defeat device prohibition in Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 apply;

(ii)

hardware element(s) that need to be protected by the AES, where applicable;

(iii)

proof of sudden and irreparable engine damage that cannot be prevented by regular maintenance and would occur in the absence of the AES, where applicable;

(iv)

a reasoned explanation on why there is a need to use an AES upon engine start, where applicable;

(e)

a description of the fuel system control logic, timing strategies and switch points during all modes of operation;

(f)

a description of the hierarchical relations among the AES (i.e., when more than one AES can be active concurrently, an indication of which AES is primary in responding, the method by which strategies interact, including data flow diagrams and decision logic and how does the hierarchy assure emissions from all AES are controlled to the lowest practical level;

(g)

a list of parameters which are measured and/or calculated by the AES, along with the purpose of every parameter measured and/or calculated and how each of those parameters relates to engine damage; including the method of calculation and how well these calculated parameters correlate with the true state of the parameter being controlled and any resulting tolerance or factor of safety incorporated into the analysis;

(h)

a list of engine/emission control parameters which are modulated as a function of the measured or calculated parameter(s) and the range of modulation for each engine/emission control parameter; along with the relationship between engine/emission control parameters and measured or calculated parameters;

(i)

an evaluation of how the AES will control real-driving emissions to the lowest practical level, including a detailed analysis of the expected increase of total regulated pollutants and CO2 emissions by using the AES, compared to the BES.

The extended documentation package shall be limited to 100 pages and shall include all the main elements to allow the type approval authority to assess the AES. The package may be complemented with annexes and other attached documents, containing additional and complementary elements, if necessary. The manufacturer shall send a new version of the extended documentation package to the type approval authority every time changes are introduced to the AES. The new version shall be limited to the changes and their effect. The new version of the AES shall be evaluated and approved by the type approval authority.

The extended documentation package shall be structured as follows:

Extended Documentation Package for AES Application No YYY/OEM in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Parts

Paragraph

Point

Explanation

Introduction documents

 

Introduction letter to TAA

Reference of the document with the version, the date of issuing the document, signature by the relevant person in the manufacturer organisation

 

Versioning table

Content of each version modifications: and with part is modified

 

Description of the (emission) types concerned

 

 

Attached documents table

List of all attached documents

 

Cross references

link to paragraph (a) to (i) of Appendix 3a (where to find each requirement of the regulation)

 

Absence of defeat device declaration

+ signature

Core document

0

Acronyms/abbreviations

 

1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

 

1.1

Engine general presentation

Description of main characteristics: displacement, after treatment,…

1.2

General system architecture

System bloc diagram: list of sensors and actuators, explanation of engine general functions

1.3

Reading of software and calibration version

E.g. scan-tool explanation

2

Base Emission Strategies

 

2.x

BES x

Description of strategy x

2.y

BES y

Description of strategy y

3

Auxiliary Emission Strategies

 

3.0

Presentation of the AESs

Hierarchical relations among AES: description and justification (e.g. safety, reliability, etc.)

3.x

AES x

3.x.1

AES justification

3.x.2

measured and/or modelled parameters for AES characterization

3.x.3

Action mode of AES - Parameters used

3.x.4

Effect of AES on pollutants and CO2

3.y

AES y

3.y.1

3.y.2

etc.

100 page limit ends here

Annex

 

List of types covered by this BES-AES: including TA reference, software reference, calibration number, checksums of each version and of each CU (engine and/or after-treatment if any)

Attached documents

 

Technical note for AES justification no xxx

Risk assessment or justification by testing or example of sudden damage, if any

 

Technical note for AES justification no yyy

 

 

Test report for specific AES impact quantification

test report of all specific tests done for AES justification, test conditions details, description of the vehicle, date of the tests, emission and/or CO2 impact with or without AES activation

(5)

In Appendix 4 the Model of EC Type-Approval Certificate without the addendum, is replaced by the following:

‘MODEL OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))

EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

Stamp of administration

Communication concerning the:

EC type-approval (1),

extension of EC type-approval (1),

refusal of EC type-approval (1),

withdrawal of EC type-approval (1),

of a type of system/type of a vehicle with regard to a system (1) with regard to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 (2) and Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 (3)

EC type-approval number: …

Reason for extension: …

SECTION I

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer): …

0.2.

Type: …

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s) (if available): …

0.3.

Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle (4)

0.3.1.

Location of that marking: …

0.4.

Category of vehicle (5)

0.4.2.

Base vehicle (5a) (1): yes/no (1)

0.5.

Name and address of manufacturer: …

0.8.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s): …

0.9.

If applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative: …

SECTION II

0.

Interpolation family identifier as defined in paragraph 6.2.6. of UN Regulation No 154

1.

Additional information (where applicable): (see addendum)

2.

Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests: …

3.

Date of type 1 test report: …

4.

Number of the type 1 test report: …

5.

Remarks (if any): (see Section 3 of addendum)

6.

Place: …

7.

Date: …

8.

Signature: …

Attachments:

Information package (6)

Test report(s)’

(6)

Appendix 5 is deleted;

(7)

Appendix 6 is amended as follows:

(1)

In point 1. Table 1 is amended as follows:

(1)

the rows AP to AR are replaced by the following:

“AP

Euro 6d-ISC-FCM

Euro 6-2

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.1.2020

1.1.2021

31.8.2024

AQ

Euro 6d-ISC-FCM

Euro 6-2

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.1.2021

1.1.2022

31.8.2024

AR

Euro 6d-ISC-FCM

Euro 6-2

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.1.2021

1.1.2022

31.8.2024”

(2)

after row AR the following rows are inserted:

‘EA

Euro 6e

Euro 6-2

M, N1, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2023

1.9.2024

31.12.2025

EB

Euro 6e -bis

Euro 6-2

M, N1, N2

PI, CI

1.1.2025

1.1.2026

31.12.2027

EC

Euro 6e-bis-FCM

Euro 6-2

M, N1, N2

PI, CI

1.1.2027

1.1.2028’

 

(2)

after Table 1, the following text is added after the “key” regarding Euro 6d-ISC-FCM' RDE:

“‘Euro 6e’

=

As above + RDE compliance considering updated PEMS margins, OBFCM for N2 vehicles;

‘Euro 6e-bis’

=

As above + increased extended ambient conditions for RDE compliance + AES Flag + utility factor based on dneb (see point 3.2 of Annex XXI)

‘Euro 6e-bis-FCM’

=

As above + utility factor based on dnec (see point 3.2. of Annex XXI) (11)

(3)

point 2. is replaced by the following:

‘2.   EXAMPLES OF TYPE–APPROVAL CERTIFICATE NUMBERS

2.1

An example is provided below of a type-approval of a Euro 6 light passenger car to the “Euro 6d” emission standard and “Euro 6-2” OBD standard, identified by the characters “AJ” according to Table 1. The approval was granted for the base Regulation (EC) 715/2007 and its implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1151. It is the 17th approval of this kind issued by Luxembourg, identified by the code “e13”, without any extension. So the fourth and fifth sections of the approval number are “0017” and “00”, respectively.

e13*715/2007*2017/1151AJ*0017*00

2.2

This second example shows a type-approval of a Euro 6 N1 class II light commercial vehicle to the “Euro 6d-TEMP” emission standard and “Euro 6-2” OBD standard, identified by the characters “AH” according to Table 1. The approval was granted for the base Regulation (EC) 715/2007 and its implementing legislation (as amended by Regulation (EU) 2018/1832). It is the 1st approval of this kind issued by Romania, identified by the code “e19”, without any extension. So the fourth and fifth sections of the approval number are “0001” and “00”, respectively.

e19*715/2007*2018/1832AH*0001*00

2.3

This third example shows a type-approval of a Euro 6 light passenger car to the “Euro 6e” emission standard and “Euro 6-2” OBD standard, identified by the characters “EA” according to Table 1. The approval was granted for the base Regulation (EC) 715/2007 and its implementing legislation (as amended by this Regulation (EU) 2023/443). It is a second extension to the 7th approval of this kind issued by the Netherlands, identified by the code “e4”. So the fourth and fifth sections of the approval number are “00007” and “02”, respectively.

e4*715/2007*2023/443EA*00007*02’;

(8)

Appendices 8a, 8b and 8c are replaced by the following:

‘Appendix 8a

Test reports

A Test Report is the report issued by the technical service responsible for conducting the tests according this regulation.

PART I

The following information, if applicable, is the minimum data required for the Type 1 test.

Report number

APPLICANT

 

 

 

Manufacturer

 

 

 

SUBJECT

Roadload family identifier(s)

:

 

Interpolation family identifier(s)

:

 

Object submitted to tests

 

Make

:

 

 

IP identifier

:

 

CONCLUSION

The object submitted to tests complies with the requirements mentioned in the subject.


PLACE,

DD/MM/YYYY

General notes:

If there are several options (references), the one tested should be described in the test report

If there are not, a single reference to the information document at the start of the test report may be sufficient.

Every Technical Service is free to include some additional information

Characters are included in the sections of the test report relating to specific vehicle types, as follows:

“(a)”

Specific to positive ignition engine vehicles.

“(b)”

Specific to compression ignition engine vehicles.

1.   DESCRIPTION OF TESTED VEHICLE(S): HIGH, LOW AND M (IF APPLICABLE)

1.1.   General

Vehicle numbers

:

Prototype number and VIN

Category

:

 

Bodywork

: