This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Glossary of summaries
POLICE AND JUDICIAL COOPERATION IN CRIMINAL MATTERS
Within the area of freedom, security and justice (AFSJ), the aim of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters is to ensure a high level of safety for European Union (EU) citizens by preventing and combating crime, racism and xenophobia. It is dealt with in Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Chapters I, IV and V).
EU police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters takes 3 forms:
Cooperation is implemented with the help of EU agencies such as Eurojust, Europol and the European Judicial Network.
Cooperation between the judiciary mainly operates through a mechanism called mutual recognition of judgments and judicial decisions (e.g. in the area of detention & transfer of prisoners, the European Arrest Warrant, the European Investigation Order, the confiscation & freezing of assets, and financial penalties).