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Document 52022PC0484

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community as regards the adoption of the budget of the Transport Community for 2023

COM/2022/484 final

Brussels, 28.9.2022

COM(2022) 484 final

2022/0296(NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community as regards the adoption of the budget of the Transport Community for 2023


EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.Subject matter of the proposal

This proposal concerns the decision establishing the position to be taken on the Union's behalf in the Regional Steering Committee set up under the Treaty establishing the Transport Community (‘the TCT’) in connection with the envisaged adoption of a decision on the 2023 budget of the Transport Community.

2.Context of the proposal

2.1.The Treaty establishing the Transport Community

The TCT aims to create a Transport Community in the field of road, rail, inland waterway and maritime transport as well as the development of the transport network between the European Union and the South East European Parties. The TCT entered into force on 1 May 2019.

The European Union is a party to the TCT 1 .

2.2.The Regional Steering Committee

The Regional Steering Committee is established by Article 24 of the TCT. It is responsible for the administration of the TCT and for ensuring its proper implementation. For this purpose, it makes recommendations and takes decisions in the cases provided for in the TCT. Notably, the Regional Steering Committee:

(a)prepares the work of the Ministerial Council,

(b)decides on the establishment of technical committees,

(c)as regards newly adopted EU acts, takes appropriate action, notably through the revision of Annex I to the TCT,

(d)appoints the Director of the Permanent Secretariat after consulting the Ministerial Council,

(e)may appoint one or more Deputy Directors of the Permanent Secretariat,

(f)lays down rules of the Permanent Secretariat,

(g)may review, by way of a decision, the level of budget contributions,

(h)adopts the annual budget of the Transport Community,

(i)adopts a decision specifying the procedure for the implementation of the budget, for presenting and auditing accounts and for inspection,

(j)takes decisions on disputes brought by the Contracting Parties,

(k)adopts general principles in the area of access to documents, in respect of documents held by bodies established by, or under, the TCT,

(l)adopts annual reports to the attention of the Ministerial Council on the implementation of the Comprehensive Network;

(m)in respect of certain Union acts, establishes time limits and ways for the transposition by the South East European Parties.

The Regional Steering Committee is composed of a representative, and an alternate representative, of each of the Contracting Parties. Participation as observers is open to all EU Member States.

The Regional Steering Committee acts by unanimity.

2.3.The envisaged act of the Regional Steering Committee

In 2022, during its last meeting, the Regional Steering Committee is to adopt a decision regarding the budget of the Transport Community for 2023 (‘the envisaged act’).

The purpose of the envisaged act is to determine the annual budget of the Transport Community for 2023.

The envisaged act will become binding on the parties in accordance with Article 25(1) of the TCT, which provides: ‘A decision of the Regional Steering Committee shall be binding upon the Contracting Parties. Whenever a decision taken by the Regional Steering Committee contains a requirement for action to be taken by a Contracting Party, the said Party shall take the necessary measures and inform the Regional Steering Committee thereof.’

3.Position to be taken on the Union's behalf

The contribution to the budget of the Transport Community is set out in Annex V to the TCT. The share of the Union amounts to 80% of the budget, while the remaining 20% shall be provided by the Western Balkans parties.

For 2022, the budget amounted to total EUR 3.002 M of which EUR 2.401 M (80%) from the EU and EUR 0.6 M for the Western Balkan parties.

For 2023, it is proposed that the budget is EUR 3.060 M. 80% of the fresh credits will come from the EU (EUR 2.448 M) and the remaining 20% of the fresh credits (EUR 0.612 M) from the Western Balkan parties.

The proposed budget for 2023 represents a 2 % increase compared to 2022. This is justified by onoging inflationary developments in the Region and the EU. This amount will cover the running costs of the Permanent Secretariat and the organisation of the meetings of the different bodies of the Transport Community. The 2023 budget also reflects an increased focus on capacity building activities and technical assistance for the Regional Partners.

The adoption of this decision by the Regional Steering Committee is necessary for the implementation of the TCT and for the functioning of the Permanent Secretariat.

4.Legal basis

4.1.Procedural legal basis

4.1.1.Principles

Article 218(9) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for decisions establishing ‘the positions to be adopted on the Union’s behalf in a body set up by an agreement, when that body is called upon to adopt acts having legal effects, with the exception of acts supplementing or amending the institutional framework of the agreement.’

The concept of acts having legal effectsincludes acts that have legal effects by virtue of the rules of international law governing the body in question. It also includes instruments that do not have a binding effect under international law, but that are capable of decisively influencing the content of the legislation adopted by the EU legislature 2 .

4.1.2.Application to the present case

The Regional Steering Committee is a body set up by a treaty, namely the TCT.

The act which the Regional Steering Committee is called upon to adopt constitutes an act having legal effects. In accordance with Article 35 of the TCT, the Regional Steering Committee is empowered to adopt the budget of the Transport Community and, in accordance with Article 25(1) of the TCT, this decision is binding on the parties to the TCT. By their nature, and as a matter of international law governing the Regional Steering Committee, this act contains elements that affect the legal position of the parties to the TCT and therefore also of the Union. Consequently, the envisaged act will be binding under international law in accordance with Article 25(1) of the TCT. The envisaged act does not supplement or amend the institutional framework of the TCT. Therefore, the procedural legal basis for the proposed decision is Article 218(9) TFEU.

4.2.Substantive legal basis

4.2.1.Principles

The substantive legal basis for a decision under Article 218(9) TFEU depends primarily on the objective and content of the envisaged act in respect of which a position is taken on the Union's behalf. If the envisaged act pursues two aims or has two components and if one of those aims or components is identifiable as the main one, whereas the other is merely incidental, the decision under Article 218(9) TFEU must be founded on a single substantive legal basis, namely that required by the main or predominant aim or component.

With regard to an envisaged act that simultaneously pursues a number of objectives, or that has several components, which are inseparably linked without one being incidental to the other, the substantive legal basis of a decision under Article 218(9) TFEU will have to include, exceptionally, the various corresponding legal bases.

4.2.2.Application to the present case

The envisaged act is necessary for the proper functioning of the TCT. In turn, the TCT pursues objectives and has components in the area of road, rail and inland waterways transport, which are modes covered by Article 91 TFEU as well as in the area of sea transport, a mode covered by Article 100(2) TFEU. Because of its horizontal nature, the envisaged act pertains to all these elements. All these elements are inseparably linked without one being incidental to the other.

Therefore, the substantive legal basis of the proposed decision comprises the following provisions: Articles 91 and 100(2) TFEU.

4.3.Conclusion

The legal basis of the proposed decision should be Articles 91 and 100(2) TFEU, in conjunction with Article 218(9) TFEU.

5.Publication of the envisaged act

In accordance with Article 25 (2) of the Treaty establishing the Transport Community, the decisions of the Regional Steering Committee shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

2022/0296 (NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community as regards the adoption of the budget of the Transport Community for 2023

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 91 and Article 100(2), in conjunction with Article 218(9) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)The Treaty establishing the Transport Community ('TCT') was signed by the Union in accordance with Council Decision (EU) 2017/1937 3 . On 4 March 2019 it was approved on behalf of the Union by means of Council Decision (EU) 2019/392 4 . It entered into force on 1 May 2019.

(2)Pursuant to Article 35 TCT, the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community ('the Steering Committee') is to adopt the budget of the Transport Community every year. Article 35 TCT also empowers the Steering Committee to adopt decisions specifying the procedure for the implementation of the budget.

(3)The Steering Committee is to adopt a decision on the budget of the Transport Community for 2023 during its last meeting in 2022.

(4)The proposed budget of the Transport Community for 2023 is needed for the proper functioning of the bodies of the Transport Community. It covers the costs for human resources, travel, IT equipment and software, as well as operational expenditure such as studies, capacity-building and technical assistance and the organisation of conferences and meetings.

(5)It is appropriate to establish the position to be taken on the Union’s behalf within the Steering Committee, as such a decision, which is necessary for the functioning of the Permanent Secretariat of the Transport Community, will be binding on the Union,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The position to be taken on behalf of the Union within the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community as regards the budget of the Transport Community for the year 2023 shall be based on the draft decision of the Regional Steering Committee attached to this Decision.

Article 2

This Decision is addressed to the Commission.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Council

   The President

(1)    Council Decision (EU) 2017/1937 of 11 July 2017 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the Treaty establishing the Transport Community, OJ L 278, 27.10.2017, p. 1
(2)    Judgment of the Court of Justice of 7 October 2014, Germany v Council, C-399/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2258, paragraphs 61 to 64.
(3)    Council Decision (EU) 2017/1937 of 11 July 2017 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the Treaty establishing the Transport Community, OJ L 278, 27.10.2017, p. 1.
(4)    Council Decision (EU) 2019/392 of 4 March 2019 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Treaty establishing the Transport Community, OJ L 71, 13.3.2019, p. 1–4.
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Brussels, 28.9.2022

COM(2022) 484 final

ANNEX

to the

Proposal for a Council Decision

on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the Regional Steering Committee of the Transport Community as regards the adoption of the budget of the Transport Community for 2023







ANNEX

DRAFT

DECISION No /2022
OF THE REGIONAL STEERING COMMITTEE

OF THE TRANSPORT COMMUNITY

of …

on the adoption of the budget of the Transport Community

for the year 2023

THE REGIONAL STEERING COMMITTEE OF THE TRANSPORT COMMUNITY,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the Transport Community 1 , and in particular Article 24(1) and Article 35 thereof,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The budget of the Transport Community for the year of 2023, attached to this Decision, is hereby adopted.

Article 2

(1)In accordance with Article 10(1) of the financial rules and auditing procedures applicable to the Transport Community, appropriations of a given budget line of the 2023 budget may be used for purposes the budget attributes to another budget line, within the total limit of 10% of the appropriations of the former budget line. This shall not apply to the budget line regarding the human resources budget.

(2)Appropriations carried over in order to meet obligations signed at the end of 2022, as specified in the budget attached, shall not be eligible for the use referred to in paragraph 1. They shall not be taken into account for determining the maximum amount corresponding to the limit of 10% referred to therein.

Article 3

Appropriations which have not been committed at the end of the financial years 2022 shall be cancelled and paid back to the Parties in accordance with the percentages established in Annex V of the Treaty establishing the Transport Community and the actual contributions paid.

Done in …, on … 2022.

   For the Regional Steering Committee

   The President



BUDGET OF THE TRANSPORT COMMUNITY FOR THE YEAR 2023

Budget line

Amount

(EUR)

1.Permanent Secretariat

1.1.Human Resources

1 502 097

1.2.Travel costs

119 220

1.3.Office costs, equipment and software

64 150

1.4.Other costs and services, including:

Outsourced and other services (Audit, Visibility, Staff training, Bank charges)

Meeting & Conference costs

Information Technology and Communication costs

Recruitment costs

543 117

1.5.Studies, technical Assistance for supporting the implementation of EU Acquis and Action Plans 2

730 000

-Of which fresh credits

510 000

-Of which carried-over budget appropriations corresponding
to obligations signed at the end of 2022 for which payments
are due in 2023

220 000

2.Ministerial Council

2.1.Meeting & Conference costs

28 000

3.Regional Steering Committee

3.1.Meeting & Conference costs

18 560

4.Technical Committees

4.1.Meeting & Conference costs

177 300

5.Social Forum

5.1.Meeting & Conference costs

10 800

6.Budget Committee

6.1.Meeting & Conference costs

5 720

Total fresh credits (excluding Budget Reserve)

2 978 964

Budget Reserve (approx. 3 % of fresh credits)

81 036

Total fresh credits

3 060 000

Total carry overs from 2022

220 000

Grand total

3 280 000

EU contribution (80 % of fresh credits)

2,448,000

South East European Parties' contribution (20 % of fresh credits: Annex V to the TCT provides the distribution per country)

612,000

(1)    OJ EU L 278, 27.10.2017, p. 3.
(2)    The total amount shall be determined upon conclusion of procurement procedures and service contracts signed during Q3 of 2022
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