EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32024R1840

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2024/1840 of 27 June 2024 amending Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 2020/1197, (EU) 2022/918 and (EU) 2022/1092, as regards references to the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 established by Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council

C/2024/4296

OJ L, 2024/1840, 4.7.2024, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2024/1840/oj (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document Date of entry into force unknown (pending notification) or not yet in force., Date of effect: 24/07/2024

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2024/1840/oj

European flag

Official Journal
of the European Union

EN

L series


2024/1840

4.7.2024

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2024/1840

of 27 June 2024

amending Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 2020/1197, (EU) 2022/918 and (EU) 2022/1092, as regards references to the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 established by Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 November 2019 on European business statistics, repealing 10 legal acts in the field of business statistics (1), and in particular Articles 7(1), 9(2), 10(5), 10(6), 17(6) and 18(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) established a common statistical classification of economic activities in the Union (‘NACE Rev. 2’), which started to apply on 1 January 2008.

(2)

After NACE Rev. 2 started to apply, globalisation and digitalisation have progressively changed the way in which many economic activities provide goods and services worldwide.

(3)

As a result of those changes, NACE Rev. 2 had to be updated, to remain consistent with the standards for classifying economic activities used at international level and thus maintain the international comparability of European statistics. Accordingly, Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 (3) amended Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 and established the updated classification (‘NACE Rev. 2.1’).

(4)

To enable users to assess the detailed content changes in the classification NACE Rev. 2, and to compare that version of the classification with NACE Rev. 2.1, a correspondence table (4) was made available to the classification users on 1 August 2023, along with explanatory notes (5).

(5)

The large body of legislation setting out data transmission requirements which refer to specific NACE Rev. 2 sections, divisions, groups or classes includes Commission Implementing Regulations (EU) 2020/1197 (6), (EU) 2022/918 (7) and (EU) 2022/1092 (8). Those acts should be amended to ensure that their requirements are compatible with NACE Rev. 2.1.

(6)

To support the changeover from the ‘original NACE Rev. 2’, namely NACE Rev. 2 as set out in Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 in its version prior to the date of application of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137, to NACE Rev. 2.1, data collected under Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197 should be reported on the basis of both the original NACE Rev. 2 and NACE Rev. 2.1 (‘double reporting’). This double reporting should be carried out for the reference year 2025. As regards short-term business statistics, double reporting should additionally, prior to the implementation (recalculating the statistics using the new base year) of base year 2025, be carried out for the reference years 2026 and 2027.

(7)

In order to serve the needs of business statistics producers and to ensure the authoritative role of the statistical business registers, national statistical business registers and the EuroGroups Register should provide users with double coding according to both original NACE Rev. 2 and NACE Rev. 2.1 for at least the reference year 2025. Double coding for additional years or other supporting methods may be put in place at national level based on an agreement with national users.

(8)

To improve the quality of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197, Table 21, Table 23 and Table 30 of Annex I thereto should be amended regarding the clarity of breakdowns, the statistical population size class coverage and the regional breakdown, respectively.

(9)

To ensure the continuity of European statistics, reporting to the Commission (Eurostat) according to the specifications based on original NACE Rev. 2 should, in cases where double reporting is not carried out, continue until the specifications based on NACE Rev. 2.1 start to apply.

(10)

In order to ensure comparability of the data on global value chains over time, data referred to in Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/918 and relating to the first mandatory reference period (2021-2023) should be reported on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1 (‘backcasting’). The resulting supplementary reporting should be for information and methodological purposes only and should not affect any situations resulting from the authoritative transmission of data for the 2021-2023 reference period based on the original NACE Rev. 2. The backcasts for 2021-2023 should be provided by 30 September 2029 (12 months after the transmission deadline for the 2024-2026 reference period).

(11)

Compliance with the updated classification should not be required immediately, as a certain period of time is necessary to allow data providers to adapt to the new regulatory requirements. It should be recalled that the date of application of Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 establishing NACE Rev. 2.1 has been deferred to 1 January 2025, with a number of specific derogations. The date of application of this Regulation should thus be equally deferred.

(12)

Implementing Regulations (EU) 2020/1197, (EU) 2022/918 and (EU) 2022/1092 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(13)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the European Statistical System Committee,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendments to Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197 is amended as follows:

(1)

the following Article 11a is inserted:

‘Article 11a

Transitional measures on double reporting and double coding

1.   For the reference year 2025, Member States shall, in addition to reporting on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1, use NACE Rev. 2 as set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (*1) in its version prior to the date of application of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 (*2) (“original NACE Rev. 2”) to compile and transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) the data of annual periodicity that are referred to in the following tables of Annex I, Part B:

(a)

table 10. Country-level business statistics on activities of enterprises;

(b)

table 11. Country-level business statistics on activities of enterprises broken down by size classes or broken down by legal form;

(c)

table 12. Country-level business statistics on demographic events for enterprises;

(d)

table 13. Country-level business statistics on high-growth enterprises;

(e)

table 14. Country-level business statistics on enterprises by country of ultimate control;

(f)

table 15. Country-level business statistics on foreign-controlling enterprises and domestic affiliates active in the reporting country;

(g)

table 17. Country-level business statistics on trade in services by enterprise characteristics (STEC) – annual data;

(h)

table 18. Country-level business statistics on intramural R & D expenditure, for the following breakdowns:

point 5. “Breakdown by activity (for business enterprise sector only)”;

point 6. “Breakdown by industry orientation (for business enterprise sector only) (optional)”;

(i)

table 19. Country level business statistics on employment in R&D, for the following breakdowns:

point 6. “Breakdown by activity”;

point 8. “Breakdown by activity and gender”;

(j)

table 20. Country-level statistics on publicly funded R&D;

(k)

table 21. Country-level business statistics on purchases by enterprises (only annual data);

(l)

table 22. Country-level business statistics on changes in stock of enterprises;

(m)

table 26. Country-level business statistics on industrial production;

(n)

table 27. Country-level business statistics on investments in tangible non-current assets by enterprises;

(o)

table 33. Statistics on international activities – control by institutional units of the reporting country on enterprises abroad.

The data referred to in paragraph 1 shall be transmitted to the Commission (Eurostat) within 12 months from the data transmission deadlines set out in the respective tables of Annex I, part B “Elements of data requirements”.

2.   For the reference years 2025, 2026 and 2027, Member States shall, in addition to reporting on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1, use original NACE Rev. 2 to compile and transmit, to the Commission (Eurostat), the data that are referred to in the following tables of Annex I, Part B within the deadlines set out therein:

(a)

table 1. Short term business statistics on business population;

(b)

table 2. Short term business statistics on employment;

(c)

table 3. Short term business statistics on hours worked and wages and salaries;

(d)

table 5. Short term business statistics on producer prices;

(e)

table 6. Short term business statistics on production (volume);

(f)

table 7. Short term business statistics on volume of sales;

(g)

table 8. Short term business statistics on net turnover (value).

3.   For the reference year 2025, Member States shall assign the activity codes to statistical units in the national statistical business registers referred to in Annex VIII in accordance with both the original NACE Rev. 2 and NACE Rev. 2.1.

4.   For the reference year 2025, Member States shall, in addition to reporting on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1, use original NACE Rev. 2 to compile and transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) the data of annual periodicity that are referred to in the following tables of Annex IX, Section 3, Part A:

(a)

table under point 2.4. “Data exchange on resident enterprises belonging to multinational enterprise groups”;

(b)

table under point 2.6. “Data exchange on correction of group structures and variables on multinational enterprise groups”.

5.   For the reference year 2025 and for the purposes of the use of the EuroGroups Register referred to in Article 8(4) of Regulation (EU) 2019/2152, the Commission (Eurostat) shall, in addition to reporting on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1, use original NACE Rev. 2 to compile and transmit to the national statistical authorities of Member States and may transmit to the national central banks and the European Central Bank, exclusively for statistical purposes, the data of annual periodicity that are referred to in the following tables of Annex IX, Section 3, Part C:

(a)

table 2. Enterprise group;

(b)

table 3. Enterprise.

6.   For the reference year 2025, and for the purpose of the production of the EuroGroups Register, the Commission shall, in addition to reporting on the basis of NACE Rev. 2.1, use original NACE Rev. 2 to compile and transmit to the competent staff contributing to the production of the EuroGroups Register in the national statistical authorities of Member States the data of annual periodicity that are referred to in the following tables of Annex IX, Section 3, Part D:

(a)

table 2. Enterprise group;

(b)

table 3. Enterprise.

(*1)  Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains (OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2006/1893/oj)."

(*2)  Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 of 10 October 2022 amending Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 (OJ L 19, 20.1.2023, p. 5, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2023/137/oj).’;"

(2)

Annex I is amended as set out in Annex I to this Regulation;

(3)

Annex II is replaced by the text in Annex II to this Regulation;

(4)

Annex III is amended as set out in Annex III to this Regulation;

(5)

Annex IV is amended as set out in Annex IV to this Regulation;

(6)

in Annex VII, point 3 ‘Transitional arrangements’ is deleted.

Article 2

Amendments to Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/918

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/918 is amended as follows:

(1)

the following Article 2a is inserted:

‘Article 2a

Transitional measures on backcasting

For the reference period 2021-2023, and in addition to any data already provided on the basis of NACE Rev. 2 as set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (*3) in its version prior to the date of application of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 (*4) (“original NACE Rev. 2”), Member States shall transmit to the Commission (Eurostat) the Global Value Chains data referred to in the Annex, based on NACE Rev. 2.1. as set out in Annex I to the amended Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006. Those data shall be transmitted to the Commission (Eurostat) by 30 September 2029 at the latest.

(*3)  Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains (OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2006/1893/oj)."

(*4)  Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 of 10 October 2022 amending Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 (OJ L 19, 20.1.2023, p. 5, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2023/137/oj).’;"

(2)

the Annex is replaced by the text in Annex V to this Regulation.

Article 3

Amendments to Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1092

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1092 is amended as follows:

(1)

Annex I is replaced by the text in Annex VI to this Regulation;

(2)

Annex III is replaced by the text in Annex VII to this Regulation.

Article 4

Application

1.   Article 1 shall apply from 1 January 2025, as regards data transmissions to and from the Commission (Eurostat), for reference periods that start on or after that date.

2.   Article 2, point (2), shall apply from 1 January 2025, as regards data transmissions to the Commission (Eurostat) for reference periods that end on or after that date.

3.   Article 3 shall apply from 1 January 2026, as regards data transmissions to the Commission (Eurostat), for reference periods that start on or after that date.

Article 5

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 27 June 2024.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)   OJ L 327, 17.12.2019, p. 1, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2019/2152/oj.

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains (OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2006/1893/oj).

(3)  Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/137 of 10 October 2022 amending Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 (OJ L 19, 20.1.2023, p. 5, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2023/137/oj).

(4)   https://europa.eu/!f6H9nX

(5)   https://europa.eu/!FNRFFB

(6)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197 of 30 July 2020 laying down technical specifications and arrangements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European business statistics repealing 10 legal acts in the field of business statistics (OJ L 271, 18.8.2020, p. 1, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2020/1197/oj).

(7)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/918 of 13 June 2022 laying down technical specifications of data requirements for the topic Global Value Chains pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 159, 14.6.2022, p. 43, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2022/918/oj).

(8)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1092 of 30 June 2022 laying down technical specifications of data requirements for the topic ‘Innovation’ pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 176, 1.7.2022, p. 10, ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2022/1092/oj).


ANNEX I

In Annex I to Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1197, Part B is amended as follows:

(1)

tables 1, 2 and 3 are replaced by the following:

Table 1. Short term business statistics on business population

Variables

110101. Registrations

110102. Bankruptcies

Measurement unit

Absolute value: unadjusted

Statistical population

Market activities of NACE Sections B to O, and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C + D + E, J + K, L + M + N + O, Q + R + S + T95 + T96

NACE Sections:

F, G, H and I

Special aggregate as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies)

Data transmission deadline

T + 40D

First reference period using the specifications of this table

First quarter 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2


Table 2. Short term business statistics on employment

Variables

120101. Number of employees and self-employed persons

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted

Statistical population

Market activities of NACE Sections B, C, D, Division E36, F, G, H to N (excl. L, N701, N72 and N75) and O

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

For all countries :

MIGs of NACE Sections B, C, D and Division E36 as defined in Annex II.A;

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C + D + E36, H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72, N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B, C, D, F, G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72,N75) and O;

NACE Divisions:

E36, G46, G47, and G47 (excl. G473).

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B, C and D.

For large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections H, I, J and K.

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Use of approximations and quality requirements

Number of employees and self-employed persons may be approximated by the number of employees.

Data transmission deadline

T + 2M for quarterly or monthly (optional) data, except for:

Requirements for small and medium countries: T + 2M + 15 days.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

First quarter or month (optional) 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2


Table 3. Short term business statistics on hours worked and wages and salaries

Variables

120201. Hours worked by employees

120301. Wages and salaries

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted and calendar adjusted

Statistical population

Market activities of NACE Sections B, C, D and Division E36, NACE Sections F, G, H to N (excl. L, N701, N72 and N75) and O

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

For all countries :

MIGs of NACE Sections B, C, D and Division E36 as defined in Annex II.A;

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C + D + E36, H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B, C, D, F, G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

NACE Divisions:

E36, G46, G47, and G47 (excl. G473).

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B, C and D.

For large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections H, I, J and K.

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Data transmission deadline

T + 3M for quarterly or monthly (optional) data, except for:

Requirements for small and medium countries at: T + 3M + 15 days.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

First quarter or month (optional) 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2.’

(2)

tables 5 to 8 are replaced by the following:

Table 5. Short term business statistics on producer prices

Variables

130201. Producer prices

130202. Domestic producer prices

130203. Non-domestic producer prices

130204. Non-domestic producer prices (euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)

130205. Non-domestic producer prices (non-euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted

Statistical population

For variable 130201 (Producer prices):

Market activities of NACE Sections B (excl. B0721), C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304), D and Division E36, CPA 41.00.1 excluding 41.00.14 (new buildings only), NACE Sections H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72and N75) and O.

For variables 130202 (domestic producer prices), 130203 (non-domestic producer prices), 130204 (non-domestic producer prices (euro area)) and 130205 (non-domestic producer prices (non-euro area)):

Market activities of NACE Sections B (excl. B0721), C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304), D and Division E36.

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity and products

For all countries:

MIGs of NACE Sections B (excl. B0721), C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304) and D and Division E36 as defined in Annex II.A;

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B (excl. B0721) + C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304) + D + E36, H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B (excl. B0721), C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304), D, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

Division E36 and Divisions of NACE Sections H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

CPA 41.00.1 excluding 41.00.14 (new buildings only).

For medium countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B (excl. B0721), C (excl. C2446, C253, C301, C303 and C304) and D.

For large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

As for medium countries and in addition Groups and Classes of NACE Section C for variables 130201 (producer prices), 130202 (domestic producer prices) and 130203 (non-domestic producer prices) (representing at least 90 % of value added of Section C).

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries; the additional breakdowns for large countries are optional for medium countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Use of approximations and quality requirements

Scope of data provision for euro area/non-euro area breakdown limited by European sampling schemes for specific countries as specified in Annex III.C.

The total construction costs (material costs and labour costs) can be used as a proxy for producer prices in construction (CPA 41.00.1 excluding 41.00.14). Costs that constitute components of the construction costs are also plant and equipment, transport, energy and other costs (excluding architect's fees).

Indices based on actual producer prices are preferable. If those are not available, approximations may be used for H49, H50, H52, I55, I56, J58, J59, J60, M68, N74, O77, O79, O81 and O82. Products (CPA) may be used to approximate activities (NACE).

The Service producer price indices (SPPIs) are Business-to-All (B2All). Where the share of transactions with private consumers (B2C) is negligible, the SPPIs may be approximated by Business-to-business (B2B) indicators.

Data transmission deadline

T + 1M for monthly data for the required NACE B to E36;

T + 3M for all other required NACE and CPA 41.00.1 (excl. 41.00.14), except for: small and medium countries for the required CPA 41.00.1 (excl. 41.00.14), the quarterly and monthly (optional) data at: T + 3M + 15 days.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

First quarter or month (optional) 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2.

For the Member States that accede to the euro area after December 2024, variables 130204 (Non-domestic producer prices (euro area)) and 130205 (Non-domestic producer prices (non-euro area)) are required from the beginning of the year of the entry into the euro area.


Table 6. Short term business statistics on production (volume)

Variables

140101. Production (volume)

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted, calendar adjusted and seasonally adjusted

Statistical population

Market activities of NACE Sections B, C, D (excl. D353), F, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

For all countries :

MIGs of NACE Sections B, C and D (excl. Group D353) as defined in Annex II.A (MIG Energy excl. Group D353 and Section E);

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C + D (excl. D353), H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B, C, D (excl. D353), F, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

Divisions of NACE Sections:

H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O.

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B, C, D (excl. D353) and F

For large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Groups and Classes of NACE Section C (representing at least 90 % of value added of Section C).

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries; the additional breakdowns for large countries are optional for medium countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Data transmission deadline

T + 1M + 10 days for NACE Sections B, C, D (excl. D353)

For NACE Section F:

for medium and large countries: T + 1M + 15 days;

for small countries: T + 2M;

T + 2M for NACE Sections H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72, N75) and O.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

January 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2.


Table 7. Short term business statistics on volume of sales

Variables

140201. Volume of sales

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted, calendar adjusted and seasonally adjusted

Statistical population

Market activities of NACE G

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

For all countries :

NACE Section G;

Divisions of NACE Section G;

Aggregate of Groups of NACE Division G47 without Group G473;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4711 + NACE Group G472;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4712 + NACE Groups G474 + G475 + G476 + G477 + G478 + G479;

NACE Group G473.

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Groups of NACE Section G, NACE Classes G4711 and G4712.

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Data transmission deadline

T + 2M for monthly data for:

 

For NACE

Section G;

Division G46;

Groups G461, G462, G463, G464, G465, G466, G467, G468, G469, G471, G472, G474, G475, G476, G477, G478 and G479;

Classes G4711 and G4712.

T + 1M for monthly data for:

 

For NACE

Division G47;

Aggregate of Division G47 without Group G473;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4711 + Group G472;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4712 + Groups G474 + G475 + G476 + G477 + G478 + G479;

Group G473.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

January 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2.


Table 8. Short term business statistics on net turnover (value)

Variables

140301. Net turnover (value)

140302. Domestic net turnover (value)

140303. Non-domestic net turnover (value)

140304. Non-domestic net turnover (value) (euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)

140305. Non-domestic net turnover (value) (non-euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)

Measurement unit

Indices: unadjusted and calendar adjusted for all activities as well as seasonally adjusted for NACE Sections G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O.

Statistical population

For variable 140301 (net turnover (value)): NACE Sections B, C, G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O.

For variables 140302 (Domestic net turnover (value)), 140303 (Non-domestic net turnover (value)), 140304 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)) and 140305 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (non-euro area) (optional for non-euro area countries)): NACE Sections B and C.

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

For variable 140301 (net turnover (value)):

For all countries:

MIGs of NACE Sections B and C as defined in Annex II.A (MIG Energy excl. Sections D and E);

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C, H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B, C, G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

Divisions of NACE Sections:

G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and, N75) and O;

NACE Division G47 without Group G473;

NACE Group G473;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4711 + Group G472;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4712 + Groups G474 + G475 + G476 + G477 + G478 + G479.

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B and C, Groups of NACE Section G, NACE Classes G4711 and G4712.

For variables 140302 (Domestic net turnover (value)), 140303 (Non-domestic net turnover (value)), 140304 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (euro area)) and 140305 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (non-euro area)):

For all countries :

MIGs of NACE Sections B and C as defined in Annex II.A (MIG Energy excluding Sections D and E);

Aggregates of NACE Sections B + C;

NACE Sections B and C.

For medium and large countries as defined in Annex III.A.2:

In addition Divisions of NACE Sections B and C.

The additional breakdowns required for medium and large countries are optional for small countries (as defined in Annex III.A.2).

Data transmission deadline

T + 2M for:

MIGs of NACE Sections B and C as defined in Annex II.A (MIG Energy excl. Sections D and E);

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C, H + I + J + K + M + N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) + O;

NACE Sections:

B, C, G, H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

Divisions of NACE Sections:

B, C ,H, I, J, K, M, N (excl. N701, N72 and N75) and O;

NACE Division G46;

NACE Groups G461, G462, G463, G464, G465, G466, G467, G468, G469, G471, G472, G474, G475, G476, G477, G478 and G479;

NACE Classes G4711 and G4712.

T + 1M for:

NACE Division G47:

Aggregate of NACE Division G47 without Group G473;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4711 + Group G472;

Aggregate of NACE Class G4712 + Groups G474 + G475 + G476 + G477 + G478 + G479;

NACE Group G473.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

January 2025, starting with the transmission of the data implementing the base year change to 2025, in accordance with Annex VII, point 2.

For the Member States that accede to the euro area after December 2024, the variables 140304 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (euro area)) and 140305 (Non-domestic net turnover (value) (non-euro area)) are required from the beginning of the year of the entry into the euro area.’

(3)

tables 10 to 21 are replaced by the following:

Table 10. Country-level business statistics on activities of enterprises

Variables

210101. Number of active enterprises

220101. Number of employees and self-employed persons

220102. Number of employees

220103. Number of employees in full-time equivalent units

220201. Hours worked by employees

220301. Employee benefits expense

220302. Wages and salaries

220303. Social security costs

240101. Total purchases of goods and services

250101. Net turnover

250201. Gross margin on goods for resale (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

250301. Value of output

250401. Value added

250501. Gross operating surplus

260101. Gross investment in tangible non-current assets

260106. Gross investment in intangible non-current assets, other than goodwill (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

260108. Sales proceeds of tangible investments (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands) except for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 220102 (Number of employees), 220103 (Number of employees in full-time equivalent units) and 220201 (Hours worked by employees): absolute value

Statistical population

For variables other than 250201 (Gross margin on goods for resale), 260106 (Gross investment in intangible non-current assets, other than goodwill) and 260108 (Sales proceeds of tangible investments): Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96.

For variables 250201 (Gross margin on goods for resale) and 260108 (Sales proceeds of tangible investments): Market producers of NACE Sections B to G.

For variable 260106 (Gross investment in intangible non-current assets, other than goodwill): Market producers of NACE Sections B to E.

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For all variables except for variables 260106 (Gross investment in intangible non-current assets, other than goodwill) and 260108 (Sales proceeds of tangible investments); for variable 250201 (Gross margin on goods for resale) NACE Sections B to G only:

For NACE Sections B to K, M to O and Q to S: sections, divisions, groups and classes;

For NACE Section L: Section, divisions, groups 64.1, 64.2, 64.3, 64.9, 65.1, 65.2 and 65.3, classes 64.11, 64.19, 65.11, 65.12, 65.20 and 65.30;

For divisions 95 and 96: divisions, groups and classes;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B for:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services,

High and medium-high technology manufacturing (optional),

High technology manufacturing,

Medium-high technology manufacturing,

Low and medium-low technology manufacturing (optional),

Medium-low technology manufacturing,

Low technology manufacturing,

Information sector,

Computer related services,

Total knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge-intensive high technology services,

Knowledge intensive market services,

Knowledge intensive financial services,

Other knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge intensive activities – Business industries,

Knowledge intensive activities (optional),

Tourism industries (total) (optional),

Tourism industries (mainly tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries (partially tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries – Transport (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Land transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Water transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Accommodation (optional),

Tourism industries – Food and beverage (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Car and other rental (total)(optional),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

For variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 220102 (Number of employees), 220302 (Wages and salaries), 250101 (Net turnover) and 250401 (Value added):

In addition, special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B for:

Cultural and creative sectors – total;

Cultural and creative sectors – services.

For variables 260106 (Gross investment in intangible non-current assets, other than goodwill) and 260108 Sales proceeds of tangible investments):

NACE Sections and divisions.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 which are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be provided except for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises) and 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons). If 220102 (number of employees) is not 0, the value also should be provided.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

Preliminary data: T + 10M for NACE Sections, Divisions and Groups for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons) and 250101 (Net turnover)

Final and validated data: T + 18M for all variables

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 11. Country-level business statistics on activities of enterprises broken down by size classes or broken down by legal form

Variables

210101. Number of active enterprises

220101. Number of employees and self-employed persons

220102. Number of employees

220201. Hours worked by employees

220301. Employee benefits expense

220302. Wages and salaries

220303. Social security costs

240101. Total purchases of goods and services

250101. Net turnover

250301. Value of output

250401. Value added

250501. Gross operating surplus

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands) except for variables 210101 (number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 220102 (Number of employees) and 220201 (Hours worked by employees): absolute value

Statistical population

For breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons of variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 250101 (Net turnover) and 250401 (Value added) and for breakdown by activity and legal form and for breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees of variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons) and 220102 (Number of employees): Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96.

For breakdown by activity and size class of turnover of variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 250101 (Net turnover) and 250401 (Value added): Market producers of NACE Section G.

For breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons of other variables than 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 250101 (Net turnover) and 250401 (Value added): Market producers of NACE Sections B to F.

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

For NACE Sections B to K, M to O and Q to S: Sections, divisions and groups;

For NACE Section L: Section, divisions, groups 64.1, 64.2, 64.3, 64.9, 65.1, 65.2 and 65.3;

For divisions 95 and 96: divisions and groups;

Special aggregate as defined in Annex II:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons:

For NACE Sections F to K, M to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96 only for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises) and 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons): Total, 0-1 employees and self-employed persons, 2-9 employees and self-employed persons, 10-19 employees and self-employed persons, 20-49 employees and self-employed persons, 50-249 employees and self-employed persons, 250 and more employees and self-employed persons;

For NACE Sections F to K, M to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96, for variables other than 210101 (Number of active enterprises) and 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons: Total, 0-9 employees and self-employed persons, 10-19 employees and self-employed persons, 20-49 employees and self-employed persons, 50-249 employees and self-employed persons, 250 and more employees and self-employed persons;

For NACE Sections B to E and L: Total, 0-9 employees and self-employed persons, 10-19 employees and self-employed persons, 20-49 employees and self-employed persons, 50-249 employees and self-employed persons, 250 and more employees and self-employed persons.

2.   Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons) and 220102 (Number of employees) only:

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

NACE sections;

Aggregates of NACE divisions:

C10 + C11 + C12, C13 + C14, C17 + C18, C24 + C25, C29 + C30, C31 + C32;

NACE divisions:

C15, C16, C19, C20, C21, C22, C23, C26, C27, C28, C33, T95, T96 and all divisions of NACE Sections G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Q, R and S;

Groups of NACE divisions G47 and K62 and of NACE Sections M, N and O;

Classes of NACE division K62;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services.

 

Size class of number of employees breakdown:

Total, 0 employees, 1-4 employees, 5-9 employees, 10 and more employees

3.   Breakdown by activity and legal form (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons) and 220102 (Number of employees) only:

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 2.

 

Legal form breakdown:

Total,

personally owned and no limit to personal liability,

private or publicly quoted joint stock companies with limited liability for those owning shares,

personally owned limited and unlimited liability partnerships (Included are also other legal forms such as co-operatives, associations etc.).

4.   Breakdown by activity and size class of turnover

For NACE Section G only:

(CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied; 1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

NACE section, divisions and groups

 

Size class of turnover breakdown:

Annual turnover in million euro: Total, 0 to less than 1, 1 to less than 2, 2 to less than 5, 5 to less than 10, 10 to less than 20, 20 to less than 50, 50 to less than 200, 200 and more.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 which are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be provided except for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises) and 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons). If 220102 (number of employees) is not 0, the value also should be provided.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

Preliminary data: T + 10M for activity and Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons) and 250101 (Net turnover).

Final and validated data: T + 18M for all variables

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 12. Country-level business statistics on demographic events for enterprises

Variables

210201. Enterprise births

210202. Enterprise deaths

210203. Enterprise survivals

210102. Number of enterprises having at least one employee

210204. Enterprises having the first employee

210205. Enterprises having no employees anymore

210206. Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee

220401. Number of employees and self-employed persons in newly born enterprises

220402. Number of employees in newly born enterprises

220403. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths

220404. Number of employees in enterprise deaths

220405. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals

220406. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals, in the year of birth

220104. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having at least one employee

220105. Number of employees in enterprises having at least one employee

220407. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having the first employee

220408. Number of employees in enterprises having the first employee

220409. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore

220410. Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore

220411. Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee

220412. Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth

Measurement unit

Absolute value

Statistical population

Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For all variables except for variables:

210203 (Enterprise survivals),

210206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220405 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals),

220406 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals, in the year of birth),

220411 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220412 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth).

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

NACE sections;

Aggregates of NACE divisions:

C10 + C11 + C12, C13 + C14, C17 + C18, C24 + C25, C29 + C30, C31 + C32;

NACE divisions:

C15, C16, C19, C20, C21, C22, C23, C26, C27, C28, C33, T95, T96 and all divisions of NACE Sections G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, Q, R and S;

Groups of NACE divisions G47 and K62 and of NACE Sections M, N and O;

Classes of NACE division K62;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services.

 

Size class of number of employees breakdown:

Total, 0 employees, 1-4 employees, 5-9 employees, 10 and more employees.

Size class 0 employees not to be provided for variables:

210102 (Number of enterprises having at least one employee),

210204 (Enterprises having the first employee),

210205(Enterprises having no employees anymore),

220104 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having at least one employee),

220105 (Number of employees in enterprises having at least one employee),

220407 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having the first employee),

220408 (Number of employees in enterprises having the first employee),

220409 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore),

220410 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore).

2.   Breakdown by activity and legal form (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For all variables except for variables:

210203 (Enterprise survivals),

210206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220405 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals),

220406 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals, in the year of birth),

220411 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220412 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth).

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Activity breakdown:

same activity breakdown as in breakdown 1.

Legal form breakdown:

Total,

personally owned and no limit to personal liability,

private or publicly quoted joint stock companies with limited liability for those owning shares,

personally owned limited and unlimited liability partnerships (Included are also other legal forms such as co-operatives, associations etc.).

3.   Breakdown by activity, size class of number of employees and number of calendar years of survival (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For variables:

210203 (Enterprise survivals),

210206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220405 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals),

220406. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals, in the year of birth,

224011 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee) and,

224012 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth).

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

 

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 1.

 

Size class of number employees breakdown:

Total, 0, 1-4, 5-9, 10+

Size class 0 not to be provided for variables:

210206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220411 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee),

220412 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth).

Breakdown by number of calendar years of survival:

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Data transmission deadline

Preliminary data:

T + 18M for variable 210202 (Enterprise deaths), 220403 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths) and 220404 (Number of employees in enterprise deaths),

T + 20M for variable 210205 (Enterprises having no employees anymore), 220409 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore) and 220410 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore).

Final and validated data:

T + 18M for variables 210201 (Enterprise births), 210203 (Enterprise survivals), 220401 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in newly born enterprises), 220402 (Number of employees in newly born enterprises), 220405 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals) and 220406 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise survivals, in the year of birth),

T + 20M for variables 210102 (Number of enterprises having at least one employee), 210204 ( Enterprises having the first employee), 210206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee ), 220104 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having at least one employee), 220105 (Number of employees in enterprises having at least one employee), 220407 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having the first employee), 220408 (Number of employees in enterprises having the first employee), 220411 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee) and 220412 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth),

T + 30M for variables 210202 (Enterprise deaths), 220403 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths) and 220404 (Number of employees in enterprise deaths),

T + 32M for variables 210205 (Enterprises having no employees anymore), 220409 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore) and 220410 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore).

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 13. Country-level business statistics on high-growth enterprises

Variables

210103. Number of high-growth enterprises

210104. Number of young high-growth enterprises

220106. Number of employees in high-growth enterprises

220107. Number of employees in young high-growth enterprises

Measurement unit

Absolute value

Statistical population

Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

NACE sections (only for Sections B to O and Q to S);

NACE divisions;

NACE groups (except for NACE Sections Q to S);

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

Data transmission deadline

Preliminary data: T + 12 M for variables 210103 (Number of high-growth enterprises) and 220106 (Number of employees in high-growth enterprises).

Final and validated data: T + 18M for all variables

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 14. Country-level business statistics on enterprises by country of ultimate control

Variables

210101. Number of active enterprises

210301. Number of foreign-controlled enterprises

220101. Number of employees and self-employed persons

220301. Employee benefits expense

220501. Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlled enterprises

220701. Employee benefits expense in foreign-controlled enterprises

230101. Intramural R & D expenditure (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” or “number of employees and self-employed persons” at relevant NACE A*38 level aggregates for NACE Sections B to F may be applied)

230201. R & D personnel (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” or “number of employees and self-employed persons” at relevant NACE A*38 level aggregates for NACE Sections B to F may be applied)

230301. Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” or “number of employees and self-employed persons” at relevant NACE A*38 level aggregates for NACE Sections B to F may be applied)

230401. R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises (1 % rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” or “number of employees and self-employed persons” at relevant NACE A*38 level aggregates for NACE Sections B to F may be applied)

240101. Total purchases of goods and services

240102. Purchases of goods and services for resale

240301. Total purchases of goods and services of foreign-controlled enterprises

240302. Purchases of goods and services for resale of foreign-controlled enterprises

250101. Net turnover

250301. Value of output

250401. Value added

250601. Net turnover of foreign-controlled enterprises

250701. Value of output of foreign-controlled enterprises

250801. Value added of foreign-controlled enterprises

260101. Gross investment in tangible non-current assets

260201. Foreign-controlled enterprises’ gross investment in tangible non-current assets

Measurement unit

Absolute value for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 210301 (Number of foreign-controlled enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 220501 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230201(R & D personnel) and 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises).

National currency (thousands) for other variables.

Statistical population

For all variables except for variables 230101 (Intramural R & D expenditure), 230301 (Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230201 (R & D personnel) and 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises): Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96;

For variables 230101 (Intramural R & D expenditure), 230301 (Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230201 (R & D personnel) and 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises): Market producers of NACE Sections B to F.

Breakdowns

Data shall be provided with the detail by country of ultimate control, according to the concept of “ultimate controlling institutional unit”, and by activity of the enterprise.

1.   Breakdown by activity and geographical breakdown

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

For all variables except for variables 230101 (Intramural R & D expenditure), 230301 (Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230201 (R & D personnel) and 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises):

Activity breakdown:

NACE Sections;

Aggregates of NACE divisions:

C10 + C11 + C12, C13 + C14 + C15, C16 + C17 + C18, C22 + C23, C24 + C25, C29 + C30, C31 + C32, H52 + H53, J59 + J60, K62 + K63, N69 + N70 + N71, N73 + N74 + N75, O78 + O79 + O80 + O81 + O82, R87 + R88, T95 + T96;

NACE divisions:

C19, C20, C21, C26, C27, C28, C33, H49, H50, H51, J58, K61, N72, O77, R86;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies)

For variables 230101 (Intramural R & D expenditure), 230301 (Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230201 (R & D personnel) and 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises):

Activity breakdown:

NACE sections;

Aggregates of NACE divisions:

C10 + C11 + C12, C13 + C14 + C15, C16 + C17 + C18, C22 + C23, C24 + C25, C29 + C30, C31 + C32;

NACE divisions:

C19, C20, C21, C26, C27, C28, C33;

Special aggregate as defined in Annex II:

Industry and construction.

Geographical breakdown:

For variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 220301 (Employee benefits expense), 230101 (Intramural R & D expenditure) and 230201 (R & D personnel), 240101 (Total purchases of goods and services), 240102 (Purchases of goods and services for resale), 250101 (Net turnover), 250301 (Value of output), 250401 (Value added) and 260101 (Gross investment in tangible non-current assets) geographic aggregates “World total” and “Domestically controlled”.

For other variables:

Geo level 1 as defined in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1470 (1).

2.   Geographical breakdown

For variables 210301 (Number of foreign-controlled enterprises), 220501 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlled enterprises), 220701 (Employee benefits expense in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230301 (Intramural R & D expenditure in foreign-controlled enterprises), 230401 (R & D personnel in foreign-controlled enterprises), 240301 (Total Purchases of goods and services of foreign-controlled enterprises), 240302 (Purchases of goods and services for resale of foreign-controlled enterprises), 250601 (Net turnover of foreign-controlled enterprises), 250701 (Value of output of foreign-controlled enterprises), 250801 (Value added of foreign-controlled enterprises) and 260201 (Foreign-controlled enterprises’ gross investment in tangible non-current assets) Geo level 3 as defined in Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1470.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For division L64 the value of variables 250101 and 250601 (Net turnover) can be approximated by the Value of output as defined in Annex IV.

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 included in the data and which are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be assumed except for variables 210101 (Number of active enterprises), 220101 (Number of employees and self-employed persons), 210301 (Number of foreign-controlled enterprises) and 220501 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlled enterprises).

For activities of NACE Section L, it can be assumed that the value of variables 240102 and 240302 (Purchases of goods and services for resale) is economically non-significant, therefore 0 values may be provided for variables 240102 and 240302.

Additional approximations for activities of NACE Section L may be agreed between the Commission (Eurostat) and the Member States taking into account the country conditions.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 20M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 15. Country-level business statistics on foreign-controlling enterprises and domestic affiliates active in the reporting country

Variables

210401. Number of foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates

220601. Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates

250901. Net turnover of foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates

Measurement unit

Absolute value for variables 210401 (Number of foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates) and 220601 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates).

National currency (thousands) for variable 250901 (Net turnover of foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates).

Statistical population

Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to T

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity of the enterprise

NACE sections;

Aggregates of NACE divisions:

C10 + C11 + C12, C13 + C14 + C15, C16 + C17 + C18, C22 + C23, C24 + C25, C29 + C30, C31 + C32, H52 + H53, J59 + J60, K62 + K63, N69 + N70 + N71, N73 + N74 + N75, O78 + O79 + O80 + O81 + O82, R87 + R88;

NACE divisions:

C19, C20, C21, C26, C27, C28, C33, H49, H50, H51, J58, K61, N72, O77, R86;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For division L64 the value of variable 250901 (Net turnover) can be approximated by the Value of output as defined in Annex IV.

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 included in the data and which are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be assumed for variable 250901 (Net turnover of foreign-controlling enterprises (UCI concept) and domestic affiliates).

Additional approximations for activities of NACE Section L may be agreed between the Commission (Eurostat) and the Member States taking into account the country conditions.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 20M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 16. Country-level business statistics on trade in goods by enterprise characteristics

Variables

210501. Number of enterprises importing goods

210502. Number of enterprises exporting goods

240401. Statistical value of imports by enterprises

251101. Statistical value of exports by enterprises

Measurement unit

Absolute value for variables 210501 (Number of enterprises exporting goods) and 210502 (Number of enterprises importing goods).

National currency (units) for variables 240401 (Statistical value of imports by enterprises) and 251101 (Statistical value of exports by enterprises).

Statistical population

Total exports or imports of goods

NACE Sections A to V

Breakdowns

Each of breakdowns 1 to 11 has to be combined with the following geographical breakdown.

Geographical breakdown:

World

Intra-Union

Extra-Union

1.   Breakdown by activity

Total

NACE sections

NACE divisions

NACE groups of Sections C, D, E and G

Unknown

2.   Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons

Activity breakdown:

Total

NACE sections

NACE divisions of Sections C and G

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

industry

other than industry and trade

Unknown

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons breakdown:

Total

0-9 employees and self-employed persons

10-49 employees and self-employed persons

50-249 employees and self-employed persons

250 and more employees and self-employed persons

Unknown

3.   Breakdown by activity and additional geographical breakdown

Activity breakdown:

Total

NACE Section G

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

industry

other than industry and trade

Unknown

Additional geographical breakdown:

Individual Member States

Most important extra-Union partner countries and zones

4.   Breakdown by size class of number of employees and self-employed persons and additional geographical breakdown

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons breakdown:

Total

0-9 employees and self-employed persons

10-49 employees and self-employed persons

50-249 employees and self-employed persons

250 employees and self-employed persons and more

Unknown

Additional geographical breakdown:

Individual Member States

Most important extra-Union partner countries and zones

5.   Breakdown by activity and number of partner countries

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 3

Number of partner countries breakdown:

Total

1

2

3-5

6-9

10-14

15-19

20+

Unknown

6.   Breakdown by activity and concentration of trade (for variables 251101 (Statistical value of exports by enterprises) and 240401 (Statistical value of imports by enterprises) only)

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 3

Concentration of trade breakdown:

Total

Top 5

10

20

50

100

500

1 000 enterprises

7.   Breakdown by activity and type of trader

Data to be provided for imports, exports and for total trade

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 2

Type of trader breakdown:

Total

One way traders

Two-way traders

All types of traders

8.   Breakdown by activity and exports intensity (share of exports of turnover)

Type of trader breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 2

Exports intensity breakdown:

Total

No exports (0)

Between 0 and less than 25

Between 25 and less than 50

Between 50 and less than 75

75 or more

Unknown

9.   Breakdown by activity and type of control

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 2

Type of control breakdown:

Total

Domestically controlled enterprises,

Additional breakdown, if available:

Domestically controlled enterprises without own affiliates abroad,

Domestically controlled enterprises with own affiliates abroad,

Foreign-controlled enterprises

Unknown

10.   Breakdown by activity and commodity (for variables 251101 (Statistical value of exports by enterprises) and 240401 (statistical value of imports by enterprises) only)

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 2

Commodity breakdown:

Total

CPA division level for products of Divisions 10 to 32 of Section C

CPA section level for products of Sections A, B, C, D and E

Special aggregate as defined in Annex II

Other CPA products

Unknown

11.   Trade population

Data to be provided for imports, exports and for total trade

Breakdown of match of trade data with business register in terms of number of enterprises and number of traders for specific populations of traders.

Breakdown of match of trade data with business register in terms of statistical value for specific populations of traders.

Data transmission deadline

T + 12 M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 17. Country-level business statistics on trade in services by enterprise characteristics (STEC)annual data

Variables

240401. Statistical value of imports by enterprises

251101. Statistical value of exports by enterprises

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

Total exports or imports of services, traded between residents and non-residents

NACE Sections A to V

Breakdowns

Each of breakdowns 1 to 3 has to be combined with the following geographical breakdown

Geographical breakdown:

World

Intra-Union;

Extra-Union.

1.   Breakdown by activity and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons

Activity breakdown:

Total

For the below breakdowns CETO flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied:

Aggregates of NACE Sections :

A + B, D + E, I + M + P + Q + R + S + T + U + V

NACE Sections:

C, F, G, H, J, K, L, N, O;

Unknown.

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons breakdown:

Total

For the below breakdowns CETO flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied:

0-49 employees and self-employed persons:

Optional: 0-9 employees and self-employed persons;

Optional: 10-49 employees and self-employed persons;

50-249 employees and self-employed persons;

250 and more employees and self-employed persons;

Unknown.

2.   Breakdown by activity, type of product and additional geographical breakdown

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 1

Product breakdown:

Total services

For the below breakdowns CETO flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied:

EBOPS 2010 main components, as defined in Annex VI, Section 2, Table 1;

Unknown;

Optional: EBOPS 2010 detailed components 10.1, 10.2, and 10.3, as defined in Annex VI, Section 2, Table 1.

Optional: Additional geographical breakdown

To be provided only for Total services:

Individual Member States;

United States of America.

3.   Breakdown by activity and type of control

Activity breakdown:

Same activity breakdown as in breakdown 1.

Type of control breakdown:

Total

For the below breakdowns CETO flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied:

Domestically controlled enterprises

Optional: Additional breakdown, if available:

Domestically controlled enterprises without own affiliates abroad;

Domestically controlled enterprises with own affiliates abroad;

Foreign-controlled enterprises;

Unknown.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18 M

Use of approximations and quality requirements

The methods and estimations recommended in the Eurostat-OECD Compilers Guide for Statistics on Services Trade by Enterprise Characteristics should be used. Countries may also use any other equivalent method or estimation, in line with the principles of the MSITS 2010 and Art. 4 of Regulation (EU) 2019/2152.

In all cases, the methods used should be clearly described in the metadata.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 18. Country-level business statistics on intramural R & D expenditure

Variables

230101. Intramural R & D expenditure

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

All R & D performing units classified in Sections A to V of NACE

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by sector of performance

Total over all sectors listed below;

business enterprise sector,

higher education sector,

government sector,

private non-profit sector.

2.   Breakdown by sector of performance and source of funds

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1.

Source of funds breakdown:

Total over all sources of funds listed below:

Business enterprise sector,

Government sector,

Private non-profit sector,

Higher education sector,

Rest of the world:

Foreign business enterprises:

Foreign enterprises within the same group (for business enterprise sector only),

Other foreign enterprises (for business enterprise sector only),

European Commission,

International organisations,

Other sources.

3.   Breakdown by sector of performance and type of R & D (optional for Higher education sector and for Total)

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1.

Type of R & D breakdown:

Basic research,

Applied research,

Experimental development.

4.   Breakdown by sector of performance and type of cost

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1.

Type of costs breakdown:

Current costs (labour costs and other costs),

Capital expenditure.

5.   Breakdown by activity (for business enterprise sector only)

Total over all NACE Sections A to V;

Aggregates of Sections D + E, G + H + I + J + K + L + M + N + O, P + Q, T + U + V;

Sections A, B, C, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, N, O, R, S, T, U;

Aggregates of Divisions C10 + C11 + C12, C10 + C11, C13 + C14 + C15, C16 + C17 + C18, C25 + C26 + C27 + C28 + C29 + C30, D35 + E36, E37 + E38 + E39, J58 + J59 + J60, N69 + N70 + N71, N73 + N74 + N75, R87 + R88;

Divisions C12, C13, C14, C15, C16, C17, C18, C19, C20, C21, C22, C23, C24, C25, C26, C27, C28, C29, C30, C31, C32, C33, D35, K61, K62, K63, M68, N71, N72, P84, Q85, R86, V99;

Groups C253, C261, C262, C263, C264, C265, C266, C267, C301, C302, C303, C309, C325, G465, J582, N721, N722, T951;

Aggregates: C304 + C3318, J6039 + K63;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services.

6.   Breakdown by industry orientation (for business enterprise sector only) (optional)

“Industry orientation” breakdown:

Same as breakdown 5.

7.   Breakdown by size class of number of employees and self-employed persons (business enterprise sector only)

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons:

Total over all size classes listed below, including the optional size class 0-9:

0-9 employees and self-employed persons (optional),

10-49 employees and self-employed persons,

50-249 employees and self-employed persons,

250 and more employees and self-employed persons.

8.   Breakdown by source of funds and size class of number of employees and self-employed persons (for business enterprise sector only)

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Source of funds breakdown:

Total over all sources of funds listed below:

business enterprise sector,

government sector,

private non-profit sector,

higher education sector,

rest of the world.

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons:

Total over all size classes listed below, including the optional size class 0-9:

0-9 employees and self-employed persons (optional),

10-49 employees and self-employed persons,

50-249 employees and self-employed persons,

250 and more employees and self-employed persons.

9.   Breakdown by major field of research and development (for government and higher education sector only)

Natural science,

Engineering and technology,

Medical and health sciences,

Agricultural and veterinary sciences,

Social sciences,

Humanities and the arts.

10.   Breakdown by socioeconomic objective (for government sector only) (optional)

Chapter level of the nomenclature for the analysis and comparison of scientific programmes and budgets (NABS)

Data transmission deadline

All breakdowns (except sector of performance breakdown):

Every odd-numbered year final and validated data at T + 18M.

Sector of performance breakdown:

Annually

preliminary data at T + 10M

final and validated data at T + 18M.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 19. Country level business statistics on employment in R & D

Variables

230201. R & D personnel

230202. Researchers

Measurement unit

Absolute value

Statistical population

All R & D performing units classified in Sections A to V of NACE

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by sector of performance

Data to be provided in head count and full-time equivalent units

Total of all sectors listed below:

business enterprise sector,

higher education sector,

government sector,

private non-profit sector.

2.   Breakdown by sector of performance and occupation

For variable 230201 (R & D personnel) only; data to be provided in full-time equivalent units

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Occupation breakdown:

Total over all occupations listed below

Researchers,

other R & D personnel

technicians and equivalent staff (optional)

other supporting staff (optional)

3.   Breakdown by sector of performance and qualification (optional)

Data to be provided in full-time equivalent units

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Qualification breakdown:

Total over all qualification levels listed below:

PhD holders (ISCED 2011 level 8),

other University degrees and other tertiary diplomas (ISCED 2011 levels 5, 6 and 7),

other qualifications.

4.   Breakdown by sector of performance, occupation and gender

For variable 230201 (R & D personnel) only; data to be provided in head count

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Occupation breakdown:

Same as breakdown 2

Gender breakdown:

Total,

Female.

5.   Breakdown by sector of performance, qualification and gender (optional)

Data to be provided in head count

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Qualification breakdown:

Same as breakdown 3

Gender breakdown:

Same as within breakdown 4

6.   Breakdown by activity

Data to be provided for business enterprise sector only; data to be provided in head count and full-time equivalent units

Total over all NACE Sections A to V;

Aggregates of Sections D + E, G + H + I + J + K + L + M + N + O, P + Q, T + U + V;

Sections A, B, C, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, N, O, R, S, T, U;

Aggregates of Divisions C10 + C11 + C12, C10 + C11, C13 + C14 + C15, C16 + C17 + C18, C25 + C26 + C27 + C28 + C29 + C30, D35 + E36, E37 + E38 + E39, J58 + J59 + J60, N69 + N70 + N71, N73 + N74 + N75, R87 + R88;

Divisions C12, C13, C14, C15, C16, C17, C18, C19, C20, C21, C22, C23, C24, C25, C26, C27, C28, C29, C30, C31, C32, C33, D35, K61, K62, K63, M68, N71, N72, P84, Q85, R86, V99;

Groups C253, C261, C262, C263, C264, C265, C266, C267, C301, C302, C303, C309, C325, G465, J582, N721, N722, T951;

Aggregates: C304 + C3318, J6039 + K63;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services.

7.   Breakdown by major field of research and development and gender

Data to be provided in for government and higher education sector only

Headcount

Fulltime equivalent units (optional)

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Major field of research and development breakdown:

Natural science,

Engineering and technology,

Medical and health sciences,

Agricultural and veterinary sciences,

Social sciences,

Humanities and the arts.

Gender breakdown:

Same as within breakdown 4

8.   Breakdown by activity and gender

Data to be provided in head count and for the business enterprise sector only

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Activity breakdown:

Same as breakdown 6

Gender breakdown:

Same as within breakdown 4

9.   Breakdown by size class of number of employees and self-employed persons

Data to be provided in full-time equivalent units and for the business enterprise sector only

Size class of number of employees and self-employed persons breakdown:

0-9 employees and self-employed persons (optional),

10-49 employees and self-employed persons,

50-249 employees and self-employed persons,

250 and more employees and self-employed persons.

The total for the business enterprise sector shall cover all size classes listed above, including the optional size class 0-9.

10.   Breakdown by sector of performance and gender

For variable 230202 (Researchers) only; data to be provided in

head count,

full-time equivalent units (optional).

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Gender breakdown:

Same as within breakdown 4

11.   Breakdown by sector of performance, age group and gender (optional)

For variable 230202 (Researchers) only; data to be provided in head count unit

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

For the business enterprise sector and private non-profit sector: optional

Age group breakdown:

Total over all age groups listed below

< 25,

25-34,

35-44,

45-54,

55-64,

≥ 65.

Gender breakdown:

Same as within “breakdown 4”

12.   Breakdown by sector of performance, citizenship and gender (optional)

For variable 230202 (Researchers) only; data to be provided in head count unit

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Sector of performance breakdown:

Same as breakdown 1

Citizenship breakdown:

Total over all citizenships and citizenship classes below:

national citizenship,

citizenship of other EU Member States,

citizenship of other European countries,

citizenship of North America,

citizenship of Central and South America,

citizenship of Asia,

citizenship of Africa,

other citizenship.

Gender breakdown:

Same as within breakdown 4

Data transmission deadline

All breakdowns (except sector of performance breakdown):

Every odd-numbered year final and validated data at T + 18M

Sector of performance breakdown for “Researchers” and “Total Personnel” in FTE:

Annually

preliminary data at T + 10M,

final and validated data at T + 18M.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 20. Country-level statistics on publicly funded R & D

Variables

230501. Government budget allocations for research and development (GBARD)

230502. National public funding to transnationally coordinated R & D

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

All R & D performing units classified in Sections A to V of NACE

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by socioeconomic objective for GBARD

For variable 230501 (Government budget allocations for research and development (GBARD))

Categories of the Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programmes and Budgets (NABS)

Subcategories of the NABS (optional)

2.   Breakdown by funding mode for GBARD in final budget (optional)

For variable 230501 (Government budget allocations for research and development (GBARD))

Project funding

Institutional funding

3.   Breakdown by type of programme/performer

For variable 230502 (National public funding to transnationally coordinated R & D)

National contributions to transnational public R & D performers,

National contributions to Europe-wide transnational public R & D programmes,

National contributions to bilateral or multilateral public R & D programmes established between Member States governments (and with candidate countries and EFTA countries)

Data transmission deadline

All breakdowns (for Breakdown 1: in the final budget):

Annually final and validated data at T + 12M

Breakdown 1 (in the provisional budget):

Annually data at T + 6M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 21. Country-level business statistics on purchases by enterprises

Variables

240102. Purchases of goods and services for resale

240103. Expenses on services provided through agency workers

240104. Expenses of long term rental and operating leases (1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

240105. Purchases of energy products (1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied for Sections D, E and F)

240106. Payments to subcontractors (1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied)

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

For variable 240102 (Purchases of goods and services for resale): Market producers of NACE Sections B to K, M to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

For variable 240103 (expenses on services provided through agency workers): Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

For variables 240104 (expenses of long term rental and operating leases) and 240106 (payments to subcontractors): Market producers of NACE Sections B to F

For variable 240105 (purchases of energy): Market producers of NACE Sections B to F

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity (CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied)

For variables 240102 (purchases for goods and services for resale) and 240103 (expenses on services provided through agency workers):

For NACE Sections B to K, M to O and Q to S: sections, divisions, groups and classes;

Only for variable 240103, for NACE Section L: Section, divisions, groups 64.1, 64.2, 64.3, 64.9, 65.1, 65.2, 65.3 and classes 64.11, 64.19, 65.11, 65.12, 65.20 and 65.30;

For divisions 95 and 96: divisions, groups and classes;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies) (for variable 240102 this special aggregate will exclude Section L),

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services,

High and medium-high technology manufacturing (optional),

High technology manufacturing,

Medium-high technology manufacturing,

Low and medium-low technology manufacturing (optional),

Medium-low technology manufacturing,

Low technology manufacturing,

Information sector,

Computer related services,

Total knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge-intensive high technology services,

Knowledge intensive market services,

Knowledge intensive financial services (variable 240102 not to be provided for this special aggregate),

Other knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge intensive activities – Business industries,

Knowledge intensive activities (optional),

Tourism industries (total) (optional),

Tourism industries (mainly tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries (partially tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries – Transport (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Land transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Water transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Accommodation (optional),

Tourism industries – Food and beverage (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Car and other rental (total)(optional),

Services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

For variables 240104 (expenses of long term rental and operating leases) and 240106 (payments to subcontractors) (NACE Sections B to F):

NACE sections and divisions.

For variable 240105 (purchases of energy products):

For NACE Sections B, C and F: sections, division, groups and classes;

For NACE Sections D and E: sections and divisions.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 that are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be provided.

For activities of NACE Section L, it can be assumed that the value of variable 240102 (Purchases of goods and services for resale) is economically non-significant, therefore 0 values may be provided for variable 240102.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2026 for variable 240106 (payment to subcontractors)

2025 for all other variables’

(4)

tables 23 and 24 are replaced by the following:

Table 23. Country-level business statistics on product and residence of client breakdown of net turnover of enterprises

Variables

250112. Net turnover by residence of client (1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied: for groups and classes the 1 %-rule shall be applied at the corresponding division level)

250113. Net turnover by product (1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied: for groups and classes the 1 %-rule shall be applied at the corresponding division level)

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

Activity coverage: Market producers of NACE divisions 62, 63, 78, groups 58.2, 69.1, 69.2, 70.2, 71.1, 71.2, 73.1 and 73.2.

 

Size class coverage: Enterprises with 20 or more employees and self-employed persons only

Breakdowns

CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied

For variable 250113 (Net turnover by product)

1.   Breakdown by product

CPA for NACE divisions 62 and 63, and groups 58.2, 63.1 and 63.9 (Computer services): Total, 58.21, 58.29, 58.29.1 + 58.29.2, 58.29.3 + 58.29.4, 58.29.5, 62.01, 62.02, 62.03, 62.09, 63.11, 63.12, 95.11, Resale (should include all resale (wholesale and retail) of software which is not developed by the enterprise as well as the resale of hardware which is not manufactured by the enterprise), Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 69.1 (Legal services): Total, 69.10.11, 69.10.12, 69.10.13, 69.10.14, 69.10.15, 69.10.16, 69.10.17, 69.10.18, 69.10.19, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 69.2 (Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities; tax consultancy): Total, 69.20.1, 69.20.2, 69.20.21 + 22 + 23, 69.20.24, 69.20.29, 69.20.3, 69.20.4, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 70.2 (Management consultancy activities) and class 7330: Total, 70.21.1, 70.22.1, 70.22.11, 70.22.12, 70.22.13, 70.22.14, 70.22.15, 70.22.16, 70.22.17, 70.22.2, 70.22.3, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE class 71.11 (Architectural activities): Total, 71.11.1, 71.11.2, 71.11.21 + 22, 71.11.23, 71.11.24, 71.11.3, 71.11.4, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE class 71.12 (Engineering services and related technical consulting services): Total, 71.12.1, 71.12.11, 71.12.12, 71.12.13, 71.12.14, 71.12.15, 71.12.16, 71.12.17, 71.12.18, 71.12.19, 71.12.2, 71.12.3, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 71.2 (Technical testing and analysis):

Total, 71.20.1, 71.20.11, 71.20.12, 71.20.13, 71.20.14, 71.20.19, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 73.1 (Advertising): Total, 73.11.1, 73.11.11, 73.11.12, 73.11.13, 73.11.19, 73.12.1, 73.12.11, 73.12.12, 73.12.13, 73.12.14, 73.12.19, Other products n.e.c.

CPA for NACE group 73.2 (Market research and public opinion polling): Total, 73.20.1, 73.20.11, 73.20.12, 73.20.13, 73.20.14 + 19, 73.20.2, Other products n.e.c

CPA for NACE division 78 (Employment activities): Total, 78.10.1, 78.10.11, 78.10.12, 78.20.1, 78.20.11, 78.20.12, 78.20.13, 78.20.14, 78.20.15, 78.20.16, 78.20.19, 78.30.1, Other products n.e.c.

For variable 250112 (Net turnover by residence of client)

2.   Breakdown by residence of client

Total

Resident (as defined in ESA2010 paragraph 1.62),

Non-resident,

intra-EU,

extra-EU.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025 for NACE divisions 62, 63 and 78 and groups 58.2, 71.1, 71.2, 73.1 and 73.2

2026 for NACE groups 69.1, 69.2 and 70.2


Table 24. Country-level business statistics on broad activity regroupings breakdown of net turnover of enterprises

Variables

250102. Net turnover from agriculture, forestry, fishing and industrial activities

250103. Net turnover from industrial activities

250104. Net turnover from industrial activities excluding construction

250105. Net turnover from construction

250106. Net turnover from service activities

250107. Net turnover from trading activities of purchase and resale and from intermediary activities

250108. Net turnover from building

250109. Net turnover from civil engineering

(1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied for all variables)

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

For variable 250102 (net turnover from agriculture, forestry, fishing and industrial activities): Market producers of NACE Section G.

For variables 250104 (net turnover from industrial activities excluding construction), 250105 (net turnover from construction), 250108 (Net turnover from building) and 250109 (Net turnover from civil engineering): Market producers of NACE Section F.

For variable 250103 (net turnover from industrial activities): Market producers of NACE Sections B to E.

For variables 250106 (net turnover from service activities) and 250107 (Net turnover from trading activities of purchase and resale and from intermediary activities): Market producers of NACE Sections B to G.

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity

Activity breakdown:

NACE sections and divisions

Use of approximations and quality requirements

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2027 for NACE Rev. 2.1 division 47

2028 for all other activities’

(5)

table 27 is replaced by the following:

Table 27. Country-level business statistics on investments in tangible non-current assets by enterprises

Variables

260102. Gross investment in land

260103. Gross investment in the acquisition of existing buildings

260104. Gross investment in construction and improvement of buildings

260105. Gross investment in machinery and equipment

(1 %-rule as defined in Annex III.A.1 based on “net turnover” and “number of employees and self-employed persons” at NACE division level may be applied for all variables except for variable 260105 (Gross investment in machinery and equipment))

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

For variable 260105 (gross investment in machinery and equipment): Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96.

For variables 260102 (Gross investment in land), 260103 (Gross investment in the acquisition of existing buildings) and 260104 (Gross investment in construction and improvement of buildings): Market producers of NACE Sections B to G.

Breakdowns

Breakdown by activity:

(CETO-flag as defined in Annex III.B may be applied )

For variable 260105 (gross investment in machinery and equipment) (NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96)

For NACE Sections B to K, M to O and Q to S: NACE sections, divisions, groups and classes;

For NACE Section L: NACE Section, divisions, groups 64.1, 64.2, 64.3, 64.9, 65.1, 65.2, 65.3 classes 64.11, 64.19, 65.11, 65.12, 65.20, 65.30;

For NACE divisions T95 and T96: NACE divisions, groups and classes;

Special aggregates as defined in Annex II.B:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies),

ICT total,

ICT manufacturing,

ICT services,

High and medium-high technology manufacturing (optional),

High technology manufacturing,

Medium-high technology manufacturing,

Low and medium-low technology manufacturing (optional),

Medium-low technology manufacturing,

Low technology manufacturing,

Information sector,

Computer related services,

Total knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge-intensive high technology services,

Knowledge intensive market services,

Knowledge intensive financial services,

Other knowledge intensive services (optional),

Knowledge intensive activities – Business industries,

Knowledge intensive activities (optional),

Tourism industries (total) (optional),

Tourism industries (mainly tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries (partially tourism) (optional),

Tourism industries – Transport (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Land transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Water transport (optional),

Tourism industries – Accommodation (optional),

Tourism industries – Food and beverage (total) (optional),

Tourism industries – Car and other rental (total)(optional).

For variables 260102 (Gross investment in land), 260103 (Gross investment in the acquisition of existing buildings and structures) and 260104 (Gross investment in construction and improvement of buildings) (NACE Sections B to G only):

NACE sections and divisions.

Use of approximations and quality requirements

For activities of NACE 642, 643 and 653 which are economically not significant in terms of value added and number of employees and self-employed persons 0 values may be provided.

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025’

(6)

tables 29 to 33 are replaced by the following:

Table 29. Regional business statistics on local units

Variables

310101. Number of local units (optional for NACE Section L)

320101. Number of employees and self-employed persons in local units

320301. Wages and salaries in local units

Measurement unit

National currency for variable 320301 (Wages and salaries in local units); absolute figures for other variables

Statistical population

Local units of market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96 (optional for NACE Section L for variable 310101 (Number of local units))

Breakdowns

Breakdown by region and activity

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Regional breakdown:

NUTS levels 0 to 2 (2)

Activity breakdown:

NACE sections and divisions

Use of approximations and quality requirements

In cases where the source data used for compiling the data of the variable is available for the fiscal year for some statistical units and this data cannot be recalculated to cover the calendar year, the calendar year data may be approximated by data on the fiscal year for these statistical units.

Data transmission deadline

T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 30. Regional business statistics on enterprises

Variables

310102. Number of active enterprises

310201. Enterprise births

310202. Enterprise deaths

310203. Enterprise survivals (3-calendar year survival only)

310104. Number of high-growth enterprises

310103. Number of enterprises having at least one employee

310204. Enterprises having the first employee

310205. Enterprises having no employees anymore

310206. Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)

320102. Number of employees and self-employed persons

320103. Number of employees

320201. Number of employees and self-employed persons in newly born enterprises

320202. Number of employees in newly born enterprises

320203. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths

320204. Number of employees in enterprise deaths

320205. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises survivals (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)

320206. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises survivals, in the year of birth (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)

320104. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having at least one employee

320105. Number of employees enterprises having at least one employee

320207. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having the first employee

320208. Number of employees in enterprises having the first employee

320209. Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore

320210. Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore

320211. Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)

320212. Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)

Measurement unit

Absolute figures

Statistical population

Market producers of NACE Sections B to O and Q to S and divisions T95 and T96

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by region and activity

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Regional breakdown:

NUTS levels 0 to 3

Activity breakdown:

Aggregates of NACE Sections:

B + C + D + E, J + K, L + M, N + O, Q + R, S + T95 + T96

NACE sections:

F, G, H, I;

Special aggregate as defined in Annex II:

Industry, construction and services (except public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of membership organisations, activities of households as employers and extra-territorial organisations and bodies).

2.   Breakdown by region and size class of number of employees

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Regional breakdown (for all variables except for variable 310104 (Number of high-growth enterprises)):

NUTS levels 0 to 3

Size class of employees breakdown:

Total, 0 employees, 1-9 employees, 10 and more employees; size class 0 is not required for variables 310103 (Number of enterprises having at least one employee), 310204 (Enterprises having the first employee), 310205 (Enterprises having no employees anymore), 310206 (Survivals of enterprises having at least one employee (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)), 320104 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having at least one employee), 320105 (Number of employees in enterprises having at least one employee), 320207 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having the first employee), 320208 (Number of employees in enterprises having the first employee), 320209 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore), 320210 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore), 320211 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years)) and 320212 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in survivals of enterprises having at least one employee, in the year of birth (only for enterprises having survived for three calendar years))

Data transmission deadline

Preliminary data: for variables 310202 (Enterprise deaths), 310205 (Enterprises having no employees anymore), 320203 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths), 320204 (Number of employees in enterprise deaths), 320209 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore) and 320210 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore): T + 22 M.

Final and validated data: T + 22M except for variables 310202 (Enterprise deaths), 310205 (Enterprises having no employees anymore), 320203 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprise deaths), 320204 (Number of employees in enterprise deaths), 320209 (Number of employees and self-employed persons in enterprises having no employees anymore) and 320210 (Number of employees in enterprises having no employees anymore): T + 34M.

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 31. Regional business statistics on R & D expenditure

Variables

330101. Intramural R & D expenditure

Measurement unit

National currency (thousands)

Statistical population

All R & D performing units classified in Sections A to V of NACE

Breakdowns

Breakdown by region and sector of performance

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Regional breakdown:

NUTS levels 1 and 2

Sector of performance breakdown:

Total over all sectors listed below

business enterprise sector

higher education sector

government sector

private non-profit sector

Data transmission deadline

All breakdowns:

Every odd-numbered year final and validated data at T + 18M

First reference period using the specifications of this table

2025


Table 32. Regional business statistics on employment in R & D

Variables

330201. R & D personnel

330202. Researchers

Measurement unit

Absolute figures

Statistical population

All R & D performing units classified in Sections A to V of NACE

Breakdowns

1.   Breakdown by region and sector of performance

Data to be provided for head count and full-time equivalent units

Data have to be provided as a combination of all breakdowns listed below:

Regional breakdown:

NUTS levels 1 and 2

Sector of performance breakdown:

Total over all sectors listed below

business enterprise sector