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Document 32013R1253

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1253/2013 of 21 October 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services

OJ L 331, 10.12.2013, p. 1–267 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2013/1253/oj

10.12.2013   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 331/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1253/2013

of 21 October 2013

amending Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE) (1), and in particular Article 7(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 of 23 November 2010 implementing Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards interoperability of spatial data sets and services (2) sets out the technical arrangements for interoperability of spatial data sets related to the spatial data themes in Annex I to Directive 2007/2/EC.

(2)

In order to ensure the full interoperability of spatial data sets, it is appropriate to set out the technical arrangements for the interoperability of spatial data sets related to the spatial data themes in Annexes II and III to Directive 2007/2/EC.

(3)

In order to ensure the overall consistency of the technical arrangements for the interoperability of spatial data sets included in this Regulation, the existing technical arrangements for the interoperability of spatial data sets related to the spatial data themes in Annex I to Directive 2007/2/EC should be amended.

(4)

First, the requirements concerning code lists should be amended in order to allow a flexible approach for describing code list values at different levels of detail and to provide for the technical arrangements for sharing the extended code lists.

(5)

Second, the restriction of spatial properties to the Simple Feature spatial schema should be relaxed in order to allow making available also 2.5D data.

(6)

Third, an additional metadata element should be introduced in order to enable the identification of the spatial representation type used for a data set.

(7)

Fourth, the ‘Geographical grid systems’ spatial data theme should be extended in order to accommodate a multi-resolution grid based on geographic coordinates.

(8)

Fifth, the ‘Administrative units’ spatial data theme should be extended in order to describe maritime administrative units.

(9)

Sixth, in order to avoid overlaps with spatial object types specified for spatial data themes of Annexes II and III to Directive 2007/2/EC, certain candidate types should be removed from the ‘Administrative Units’ and the ‘Hydrography’ spatial data themes.

(10)

Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(11)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established by Article 22 of Directive 2007/2/EC,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 2 is amended as follows:

(a)

the introductory sentence is replaced by the following:

‘For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions as well as the theme-specific definitions set out in the Annexes shall apply:’

(b)

point 4 is deleted;

(c)

in point 6, ‘ISO 19103’ is replaced by ‘ISO/TS 19103:2005’;

(d)

in point 9, ‘EN ISO 19135’ is replaced by ‘EN ISO 19135:2007’;

(e)

in point 11, ‘EN ISO 19128’ is replaced by ‘EN ISO 19128:2008’;

(f)

in point 13, ‘EN ISO 19115’ is replaced by ‘EN ISO 19115:2005/AC:2008’;

(g)

in point 15, ‘EN ISO 19135’ is replaced by ‘EN ISO 19135:2007’;

(h)

in point 18, ‘ISO 19103’ is replaced by ‘ISO/TS 19103:2005’;

(i)

the following points 21 to 30 are added:

‘21.

“property” means attribute or association role,

22.

“union type” means a type consisting of one and only one of several alternatives (listed as member attributes), in accordance with ISO/TS 19103:2005,

23.

“association class” means a type that defines additional properties on a relationship between two other types,

24.

“coverage” means a spatial object that acts as a function to return values from its range for any direct position within its spatial, temporal or spatiotemporal domain, in accordance with ISO 19123:2007,

25.

“domain” means a well-defined set, in accordance with ISO/TS 19103:2005,

26.

“range” means a set of feature attribute values associated by a function with the elements of the domain of a coverage, in accordance with EN ISO 19123:2007,

27.

“rectified grid” means a grid for which there is an affine transformation between the grid coordinates and the coordinates of a coordinate reference system, in accordance with EN ISO 19123:2007,

28.

“referenceable grid” means a grid associated with a transformation that can be used to convert grid coordinate values into values of coordinates referenced to an external coordinate reference system, in accordance with EN ISO 19123:2007,

29.

“tessellation” means a partitioning of a space into a set of conterminous subspaces having the same dimension as the space being partitioned. A tessellation in a 2D space consists of a set of non-overlapping polygons that entirely cover a region of interest,

30.

“narrower value” means a value that has a hierarchical relationship to a more general parent value.’

(2)

Article 4 is amended as follows:

(a)

Paragraph 1 is replaced by:

‘1.   For the exchange and classification of spatial objects from data sets meeting the conditions laid down in Article 4 of Directive 2007/2/EC, Member States shall use the spatial object types and associated data types, enumerations and code lists that are defined in Annexes II, III and IV for the themes the data sets relate to.’

(b)

All references to ‘Annex II’ in points 2 and 3 are replaced by references to ‘the Annexes’.

(c)

In paragraph 3, the second sentence is replaced by the following: ‘The enumeration and code list values are uniquely identified by language-neutral mnemonic codes for computers. The values may also include a language-specific name to be used for human interaction.’

(3)

In Article 5, paragraph 4 is deleted.

(4)

Article 6 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 6

Code Lists and Enumerations

1.   Code lists shall be of one of the following types, as specified in the Annexes:

(a)

code lists whose allowed values comprise only the values specified in this Regulation;

(b)

code lists whose allowed values comprise the values specified in this Regulation and narrower values defined by data providers;

(c)

code lists whose allowed values comprise the values specified in this Regulation and additional values at any level defined by data providers;

(d)

code lists, whose allowed values comprise any values defined by data providers.

For the purposes of points (b), (c) and (d), in addition to the allowed values, data providers may use the values specified in the relevant INSPIRE Technical Guidance document available on the INSPIRE web site of the Joint Research Centre.

2.   Code lists may be hierarchical. Values of hierarchical code lists may have a more general parent value. Where the valid values of a hierarchical code list are specified in a table in this Regulation, the parent values are listed in the last column.

3.   Where, for an attribute whose type is a code list as referred to in points (b), (c) or (d) of paragraph 1, a data provider provides a value that is not specified in this Regulation, that value and its definition shall be made available in a register.

4.   Attributes or association roles of spatial object types or data types whose type is a code list may only take values that are allowed according to the specification of the code list.

5.   Attributes or association roles of spatial object types or data types that have an enumeration type may only take values from the lists specified for the enumeration type.’

(5)

In paragraph 2 of Article 8 and in paragraph 1 of Article 11, the references to ‘Annex II’ are replaced by references to ‘the Annexes’.

(6)

Article 12 is amended as follows:

(a)

Paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘1.   The value domain of spatial properties defined in this Regulation shall be restricted to the Simple Feature spatial schema as defined in Herring, John R. (ed.), OpenGIS® Implementation Standard for Geographic information – Simple feature access – Part 1: Common architecture, version 1.2.1, Open Geospatial Consortium, 2011, unless specified otherwise for a specific spatial data theme or type.’

(b)

Paragraph 2 is amended as follows:

‘SI units’ is replaced by ‘SI units or non-SI units accepted for use with the International System of Units’.

(7)

In Article 13, the following point 6 is added:

‘6.

Spatial Representation Type: The method used to spatially represent geographic information.’

(8)

Article 14 is amended as follows:

(a)

Paragraph 2 (b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

the spatial object type(s), or sub-set thereof, that constitute(s) the content of the layer.’

(b)

The following paragraph 3 is added:

‘3.   For spatial object types whose objects can be further classified using a code list-valued attribute, several layers may be defined. Each of these layers shall include the spatial objects corresponding to one specific code list value. In the definition of such sets of layers in Annexes II, III and IV, all of the following requirements shall be fulfilled:

(a)

the placeholder <CodeListValue> shall represent the values of the relevant code list, with the first letter in upper case;

(b)

the placeholder <human-readable name> shall represent the human-readable name of the code list values;

(c)

the spatial object type shall include the relevant attribute and code list, in parentheses;

(d)

one example of a layer shall be given.’

(9)

Annex I is amended as set out in Annex I to this Regulation.

(10)

Annex II is amended as set out in Annex II to this Regulation.

(11)

Annex III, as set out in Annex III to this Regulation, is added.

(12)

Annex IV, as set out in Annex IV to this Regulation, is added.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in the Member States in accordance with the Treaties.

Done at Brussels, 21 October 2013.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO


(1)  OJ L 108, 25.4.2007, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 323, 8.12.2010, p. 11.


ANNEX I

Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 is amended as follows:

(1)

The title is replaced by the following: ‘Common Types, Definitions and Requirements’.

(2)

Throughout the text, and except where otherwise provided for in this Annex, the sentence ‘This code list shall not be extended by Member States.’ is replaced by the sentence ‘The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values in the table below.’

(3)

Throughout the text, in the headings of all tables that are specifying code list values, the text ‘Allowed values for the code list’ is replaced by the text ‘Values for the code list’.

(4)

Section 1 is replaced by the following Section:

‘1.   TYPES DEFINED IN EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

The following common types, used in attributes or association roles of spatial object types or data types, are defined as follows:

(1)

For the types Any, Angle, Area, Boolean, CharacterString, Date, DateTime, Decimal, Distance, Integer, Length, Measure, Number, Probability, Real, RecordType, Sign, UnitOfMeasure, Velocity and Volume, the definitions given in ISO/TS 19103:2005 shall apply.

(2)

For the types DirectPosition, GM_Boundary, GM_Curve, GM_MultiCurve, GM_MultiSurface, GM_Object, GM_Point, GM_Primitive, GM_Solid, GM_Surface and GM_Tin, the definitions given in EN ISO 19107:2005 shall apply.

(3)

For the types TM_Duration, TM_GeometricPrimitive, TM_Instant, TM_Object, TM_Period and TM_Position, the definitions given in EN ISO 19108:2005/AC:2008 shall apply.

(4)

For the type GF_PropertyType, the definitions given in EN ISO 19109:2006 shall apply.

(5)

For the types CI_Citation, CI_Date, CI_RoleCode, EX_Extent, EX_VerticalExtent, MD_Distributor, MD_Resolution and URL, the definitions given in EN ISO 19115:2005/AC:2008 shall apply.

(6)

For the type CV_SequenceRule, the definitions given in EN ISO 19123:2007 shall apply.

(7)

For the types AbstractFeature, Quantity and Sign, the definitions given in EN ISO 19136:2009 shall apply.

(8)

For the types LocalisedCharacterString, PT_FreeText and URI, the definitions given in CEN ISO/TS 19139:2009 shall apply.

(9)

For the type LC_LandCoverClassificationSystem, the definitions given in ISO 19144-2:2012 shall apply.

(10)

For the types GFI_Feature, Location, NamedValue, OM_Observation, OM_Process, SamplingCoverageObservation, SF_SamplingCurve, SF_SamplingPoint, SF_SamplingSolid, SF_SamplingSurface and SF_SpatialSamplingFeature, the definitions given in ISO 19156:2011 shall apply.

(11)

For the types Category, Quantity, QuantityRange and Time, the definitions given in Robin, Alexandre (ed.), OGC®SWE Common Data Model Encoding Standard, version 2.0.0, Open Geospatial Consortium, 2011 shall apply.

(12)

For the types TimeValuePair and Timeseries, the definitions given in Taylor, Peter (ed.), OGC® WaterML 2.0: Part 1 – Timeseries, v2.0.0, Open Geospatial Consortium, 2012 shall apply.

(13)

For the types CGI_LinearOrientation and CGI_PlanarOrientation, the definitions given in CGI Interoperability Working Group, Geoscience Markup Language (GeoSciML), version 3.0.0, Commission for the Management and Application of Geoscience Information (CGI) of the International Union of Geological Sciences, 2011 shall apply.’

(5)

Section 2 is amended as follows:

(a)

In Section 2.1, the following constraints are deleted:

Constraints of the data type Identifier

The localId and the namespace shall only use the following set of characters: {“A” …“Z”, “a”… “z,”, “0”… “9”, “_”, “.”, “-”}, that is only letters from the Latin alphabet, digits, underscore, point, and dash are allowed.’

(b)

The following sub-sections 2.2 to 2.7 are added:

‘2.2   Related Party (RelatedParty)

An organisation or a person with a role related to a resource.

Attributes of the data type RelatedParty

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

individualName

Name of the related person.

PT_FreeText

voidable

organisationName

Name of the related organisation.

PT_FreeText

voidable

positionName

Position of the party in relation to a resource, such as head of department.

PT_FreeText

voidable

contact

Contact information for the related party.

Contact

voidable

role

Roles of the party in relation to a resource, such as owner.

PartyRoleValue

voidable

Constraints of the data type RelatedParty

At least the individual, organisation or position name shall be provided.

2.3   Contact (Contact)

Communication channels by which it is possible to gain access to someone or something.

Attributes of the data type Contact

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

address

An address provided as free text.

AddressRepresentation

voidable

contactInstructions

Supplementary instructions on how or when to contact an individual or organisation.

PT_FreeText

voidable

electronicMailAddress

An address of the organisation's or individual's electronic mailbox.

CharacterString

voidable

hoursOfService

Periods of time when the organisation or individual can be contacted.

PT_FreeText

voidable

telephoneFacsimile

Number of a facsimile machine of the organisation or individual.

CharacterString

voidable

telephoneVoice

Telephone number of the organisation or individual.

CharacterString

voidable

website

Pages provided on the World Wide Web by the organisation or individual.

URL

voidable

2.4   Document Citation (DocumentCitation)

Citation for the purposes of unambiguously referencing a document.

Attributes of the data type DocumentCitation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

name

Name of the document.

CharacterString

 

shortName

Short name or alternative title of the document.

CharacterString

voidable

date

Date of creation, publication or revision of the document.

CI_Date

voidable

link

Link to an online version of the document

URL

voidable

specificReference

Reference to a specific part of the document.

CharacterString

voidable

2.5   Legislation Citation (LegislationCitation)

Citation for the purposes of unambiguously referencing a legal act or a specific part of a legal act.

This type is a sub-type of DocumentCitation.

Attributes of the data type LegislationCitation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

identificationNumber

Code used to identify the legislative instrument

CharacterString

 

officialDocumentNumber

Official document number used to uniquely identify the legislative instrument.

CharacterString

 

dateEnteredIntoForce

Date the legislative instrument entered into force.

TM_Position

 

dateRepealed

Date the legislative instrument was repealed.

TM_Position

 

level

The level at which the legislative instrument is adopted.

LegislationLevelValue

 

journalCitation

Citation of the official journal in which the legislation is published.

OfficialJournalInformation

 

Constraints of the data type LegislationCitation

If the link attribute is void, the journal citation shall be provided.

2.6   Official Journal Information (OfficialJournalInformation)

Full citation of the location of the legislative instrument within the official journal.

Attributes of the data type OfficialJournalInformation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

officialJournalIdentification

Reference to the location within the official journal within which the legislative instrument was published. This reference shall be comprised of three parts:

the title of the official journal

the volume and/or series number

Page number(s)

CharacterString

 

ISSN

The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an eight-digit number that identifies the periodical publication in which the legislative instrument was published.

CharacterString

 

ISBN

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is an nine-digit number that uniquely identifies the book in which the legislative instrument was published.

CharacterString

 

linkToJournal

Link to an online version of the official journal

URL

 

2.7   Thematic Identifier (ThematicIdentifier)

Thematic identifier to uniquely identify the spatial object.

Attributes of the data type ThematicIdentifier

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

identifier

Unique identifier used to identify the spatial object within the specified identification scheme.

CharacterString

 

identifierScheme

Identifier defining the scheme used to assign the identifier.

CharacterString’

 

(6)

Section 4 is amended as follows:

(a)

Section 4.1 is replaced by the following:

‘4.1   Condition of Facility (ConditionOfFacilityValue)

The status of a facility with regards to its completion and use.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values in the table below and narrower values defined by data providers.

Values for the code list ConditionOfFacilityValue

Value

Name

Definition

functional

functional

The facility is functional.

projected

projected

The facility is being designed. Construction has not yet started.

underConstruction

under construction

The facility is under construction and not yet functional. This applies only to the initial construction of the facility and not to maintenance work.

disused

disused

The facility is no longer used, but is not being or has not been decommissioned.

decommissioned

decommissioned

The facility is no longer used and is being or has been decommissioned.’

(b)

In Section 4.2 Country Code (CountryCode), the sentence ‘This code list shall not be extended by Member States.’ is deleted.

(c)

The following sub-sections 4.3 to 4.6 are added:

‘4.3   Legislation Level (LegislationLevelValue)

The level at which a legal act or convention has been adopted.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

Data providers may use the values specified in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on the INSPIRE Generic Conceptual Model.

4.4   Party Role (PartyRoleValue)

Roles of parties related to or responsible for a resource.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values of the following code lists or other code lists specified by data providers:

Role Code (CI_RoleCode): Functions performed by a responsible party, as specified in EN ISO 19115:2005/AC:2008.

Role of a Related Party (RelatedPartyRoleValue): Classification of related party roles, as specified in the table below.

Values for the code list RelatedPartyRoleValue

Value

Name

Definition

authority

authority

A party legally mandated to supervise a resource and/or parties related to a resource.

operator

operator

A party that runs a resource.

owner

owner

A party that owns a resource, i.e., to which a resource belongs in a legal sense.

4.5   Climate and Forecast Standard Names (CFStandardNamesValue)

Definitions of phenomena observed in meteorology and oceanography.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

Data providers may use the values specified in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on the INSPIRE Generic Conceptual Model.

4.6   Gender (GenderValue)

Gender of a person or group of persons.

The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values specified in the table below.

Values for the code list GenderValue

Value

Name

Definition

female

female

A person or group of persons of female gender.

male

male

A person or group of persons of male gender.

unknown

unknown

A person or group of persons of unknown gender.’

(7)

The following Sections 6, 7 and 8 are added after Section 5:

‘6.   COVERAGE MODEL

The INSPIRE coverage model consists of the following packages:

Coverages (Base)

Coverages (Domain And Range)

6.1.   Coverages (Base)

6.1.1.   Spatial object types

The package Coverages (Base) contains the spatial object type Coverage.

6.1.1.1.   Coverage (Coverage)

Spatial object that acts as a function to return values from its range for any direct position within its spatial, temporal or spatiotemporal domain.

This type is abstract.

Attributes of the spatial object type Coverage

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

metadata

Application specific metadata of the coverage.

Any

 

rangeType

Description of the structure of the range values.

RecordType

 

6.2.   Coverages (Domain And Range)

6.2.1.   Spatial object types

The package Coverages (Domain and Range) contains the following spatial object types:

Coverage (Domain And Range Representation)

Rectified Grid Coverage

Referenceable Grid Coverage

6.2.1.1.   Coverage (Domain And Range Representation) (CoverageByDomainAndRange)

Coverage which provides the domain and range as separate properties.

This type is a sub-type of Coverage.

This type is abstract.

Attributes of the spatial object type CoverageByDomainAndRange

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

coverageFunction

Description of how range values at locations in the coverage domain can be obtained.

CoverageFunction

 

domainSet

Configuration of the domain of the coverage described in terms of coordinates.

Any

 

rangeSet

Set of values associated by a function with the elements of the domain of the coverage.

Any

 

Constraints of the spatial object type CoverageByDomainAndRange

The grid function shall only be valid for domains that are grids.

6.2.1.2.   Rectified Grid Coverage (RectifiedGridCoverage)

Coverage whose domain consists of a rectified grid.

This type is a sub-type of CoverageByDomainAndRange.

Constraints of the spatial object type RectifiedGridCoverage

The domain shall be a rectified grid.

Grid points of a RectifiedGridCoverage shall coincide with the centres of cells of the geographical grids defined in Section 2.2 of Annex II at any resolution level.

6.2.1.3.   Referenceable Grid Coverage (ReferenceableGridCoverage)

Coverage whose domain consists of a referenceable grid.

This type is a sub-type of CoverageByDomainAndRange.

Constraints of the spatial object type ReferenceableGridCoverage

The domain shall be a referenceable grid.

6.2.2.   Data types

6.2.2.1.   Coverage Function (CoverageFunction)

Description of how range values at locations in the coverage domain can be obtained.

This type is a union type.

Attributes of the union type CoverageFunction

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

ruleDefinition

A formal or informal description of the coverage function as text.

CharacterString

 

ruleReference

A formal or informal description of the coverage function as reference.

URI

 

gridFunction

Mapping rule for grid geometries.

GridFunction

 

6.2.2.2.   Grid Function (GridFunction)

An explicit mapping rule for grid geometries.

Attributes of the data type GridFunction

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

sequenceRule

Description of how the grid points are ordered for association to the elements of the values in the range set of the coverage.

CV_SequenceRule

 

startPoint

The grid point to be associated with the first record in the range set of the coverage.

Integer

 

7.   OBSERVATIONS MODEL

The INSPIRE observations model consists of the following packages:

Observation References

Processes

Observable Properties

Specialised Observations

7.1.   Observation References

7.1.1.   Spatial object types

The package Observation References contains the spatial object type Observation Set.

7.1.1.1.   Observation Set (ObservationSet)

Links a set of Observations.

Attributes of the spatial object type ObservationSet

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

extent

Information about the spatial and temporal extent.

EX_Extent

 

Association roles of the spatial object type ObservationSet

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

member

One member of the ObservationSet.

OM_Observation

 

7.2.   Processes

7.2.1.   Spatial object types

The package Processes contains the spatial object type Process.

7.2.1.1.   Process (Process)

Description of an observation process.

This type is a sub-type of OM_Process.

Attributes of the spatial object type Process

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

voidable

name

Name of the Process.

CharacterString

voidable

type

Type of process.

CharacterString

voidable

documentation

Further information (online/offline) associated with the process.

DocumentCitation

voidable

processParameter

Parameter controlling the application of the process and, as a consequence its output.

ProcessParameter

voidable

responsibleParty

Individual or organisation related to the process.

RelatedParty

voidable

7.2.2.   Data types

7.2.2.1.   Process Parameter (ProcessParameter)

Description of the given parameter

Attributes of the data type ProcessParameter

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

name

Name of the process parameter.

ProcessParameterNameValue

 

description

Description of the process parameter.

CharacterString

 

7.2.3.   Code lists

7.2.3.1.   Process Parameter Name (ProcessParameterNameValue)

A code list of names of process parameters.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

7.3.   Observable Properties

7.3.1.   Data types

7.3.1.1.   Constraint (Constraint)

A constraint on some property e.g. wavelength = 200 nm.

Attributes of the data type Constraint

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

constrainedProperty

The property being constrained. e.g. “colour” if the constraint is “colour = blue”.

PhenomenonTypeValue

 

label

A human readable title for the constraint as a whole.

CharacterString

 

7.3.1.2.   Category Constraint (CategoryConstraint)

A constraint based on some qualifying category. e.g. colour = “red”.

This type is a sub-type of Constraint.

Attributes of the data type CategoryConstraint

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

comparison

A comparison operator. In the case of a category constraint it should be “equalTo” or “notEqualTo”.

ComparisonOperatorValue

 

value

The value of the property that is constrained e.g. “blue” (if the constrained property is colour).

CharacterString

 

7.3.1.3.   Range Constraint (RangeConstraint)

A numerical range constraint on some property e.g. wavelength ≥ 300 nm and wavelength ≤ 600 nm.

This type is a sub-type of Constraint.

Attributes of the data type RangeConstraint

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

value

The numerical value range of the property that is constrained.

RangeBounds

 

uom

Units of measure used in the constraint.

UnitOfMeasure

 

7.3.1.4.   Range Bounds (RangeBounds)

The start and end bounding values of a numerical range (e.g. start ≥ 50, end ≤ 99).

Attributes of the data type RangeBounds

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

startComparison

The comparator used for the lower range limit (e.g. greaterThanOrEqualTo).

ComparisonOperatorValue

 

rangeStart

The lower limit of the range.

Real

 

endComparison

The comparator used for the upper range limit (e.g. lessThan).

ComparisonOperatorValue

 

rangeEnd

The upper limit of the range.

Real

 

7.3.1.5.   Scalar Constraint (ScalarConstraint)

A numerical scalar constraint on some property e.g. length ≥ 1 m.

This type is a sub-type of Constraint.

Attributes of the data type ScalarConstraint

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

value

The numerical value of the property that is constrained.

Real

 

comparison

The comparator to be used in the constraint e.g. greaterThan.

ComparisonOperatorValue

 

uom

Units of measure used in the constraint.

UnitOfMeasure

 

7.3.1.6.   Other Constraint (OtherConstraint)

A constraint which is not modelled in a structured way but may be described using the freetext “description” attribute.

This type is a sub-type of Constraint.

Attributes of the data type OtherConstraint

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

description

A description of the constraint.

CharacterString

 

7.3.1.7.   Statistical Measure (StatisticalMeasure)

A description of some statistical measure e.g. “daily maximum”.

Attributes of the data type StatisticalMeasure

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

label

A human readable title for the statistical measure.

CharacterString

 

statisticalFunction

A statistical function e.g. mean.

StatisticalFunctionTypeValue

 

aggregationTimePeriod

A temporal range over which a statistic is calculated. e.g. a day, an hour.

TM_Duration

 

aggregationLength

A one dimensional spatial range over which a statistic is calculated, for example 1 metre.

Length

 

aggregationArea

A two dimensional spatial range over which a statistic is calculated, for example 1 square metre.

Area

 

aggregationVolume

A three dimensional spatial range over which a statistic is calculated, for example 1 cubic metre.

Volume

 

otherAggregation

Any other type of aggregation.

Any

 

Association roles of the data type StatisticalMeasure

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

derivedFrom

One statistical measure may be derived from another, e.g. monthly maximum temperatures may be derived from daily mean temperatures.

StatisticalMeasure

 

7.3.2.   Enumerations

7.3.2.1.   Comparison Operator (ComparisonOperatorValue)

An enumeration of comparison operators (e.g. greater than)

Values for the enumeration ComparisonOperatorValue

Value

Definition

equalTo

exactly equal to

notEqualTo

not exactly equal to

lessThan

less than

greaterThan

greater than

lessThanOrEqualTo

less than or exactly equal to

greaterThanOrEqualTo

greater than or exactly equal to

7.3.3.   Code lists

7.3.3.1.   Phenomenon Type (PhenomenonTypeValue)

A code list of phenomena (e.g. temperature, wind speed).

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values of the following code lists or other code lists defined by data providers:

Climate and Forecast Standard Names (CFStandardNamesValue): Definitions of phenomena observed in meteorology and oceanography, as specified in Section 4.5 of this Annex.

Profile Element Parameter Name (ProfileElementParameterNameValue): Properties that can be observed to characterize the profile element, as specified in Section 3.3.8 of Annex IV.

Soil Derived Object Parameter Name (SoilDerivedObjectParameterNameValue): Soil-related properties that can be derived from soil and other data, as specified in Section 3.3.9 of Annex IV.

Soil Profile Parameter Name (SoilProfileParameterNameValue): Properties that can be observed to characterize the soil profile, as specified in Section 3.3.12 of Annex IV.

Soil Site Parameter Name (SoilSiteParameterNameValue): Properties that can be observed to characterize the soil site, as specified in Section 3.3.13 of Annex IV.

EU Air Quality Reference Component (EU_AirQualityReferenceComponentValue): Definitions of phenomena regarding air quality in the context of reporting under Union legislation, as specified in Section 13.2.1.1 of Annex IV.

WMO GRIB Code and Flags Table 4.2 (GRIB_CodeTable4_2Value): Definitions of phenomena observed in meteorology, as specified in Section 13.2.1.2 of Annex IV.

BODC P01 Parameter Usage (BODC_P01ParameterUsageValue): Definitions of phenomena observed in oceanography, as specified in Section 14.2.1.1 of Annex IV.

7.3.3.2.   Statistical Function Type (StatisticalFunctionTypeValue)

A code list of statistical functions (e.g. maximum, minimum, mean).

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

7.4.   Specialised Observations

7.4.1.   Spatial object types

The package Specialised Observations contains the following spatial object types:

Grid Observation

Grid Series Observation

Point Observation

Point Observation Collection

Multi Point Observation

Point Time Series Observation

Profile Observation

Trajectory Observation

7.4.1.1.   Grid Observation (GridObservation)

Observation representing a gridded field at a single time instant.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type GridObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingSolid or SF_SamplingSurface.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Instant.

result shall be a RectifiedGridCoverage or RefererencableGridCoverage.

7.4.1.2.   Grid Series Observation (GridSeriesObservation)

Observation representing an evolving gridded field at a succession of time instants.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type GridSeriesObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingSolid.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Period.

result shall be a RectifiedGridCoverage or a ReferenceableGridCoverage.

7.4.1.3.   Point Observation (PointObservation)

Observation that represents a measurement of a property at a single point in time and space.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type PointObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingPoint.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Instant.

7.4.1.4.   Point Observation Collection (PointObservationCollection)

A collection of Point Observations.

This type is a sub-type of ObservationSet.

Constraints of the spatial object type PointObservationCollection

Each member shall be a PointObservation.

7.4.1.5.   Multi Point Observation (MultiPointObservation)

Observation that represents a set of measurements all made at exactly the same time but at different locations.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type MultiPointObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingCurve, SF_SamplingSurface or SF_SamplingSolid.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Instant

result shall be a MultiPointCoverage.

7.4.1.6.   Point Time Series Observation (PointTimeSeriesObservation)

Observation that represents a time-series of point measurements of a property at a fixed location in space.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type PointTimeSeriesObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingPoint.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Period.

result shall be a Timeseries.

7.4.1.7.   Profile Observation (ProfileObservation)

Observation representing the measurement of a property along a vertical profile in space at a single time instant.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type ProfileObservation

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_SamplingCurve.

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Instant.

result shall be a ReferenceableGridCoverage or a RectifiedGridCoverage.

Spatial domain of the result shall contain one axis and that shall be vertical.

7.4.1.8.   Trajectory Observation (TrajectoryObservation)

Observation representing the measurement of a property along a meandering curve in time and space.

This type is a sub-type of SamplingCoverageObservation.

Constraints of the spatial object type TrajectoryObservation

phenomenonTime shall be a TM_Period.

result shall be a Timeseries.

each point in the result shall be a TimeLocationValueTriple.

featureOfInterest shall be a SF_Sampling Curve.

7.4.2.   Data types

7.4.2.1.   Time Location Value Triple (TimeLocationValueTriple)

A triple set of Time, location, value (measurement). For example, at a point along a trajectory.

This type is a sub-type of TimeValuePair.

Attributes of the data type TimeLocationValueTriple

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

location

Geographic location where value is valid.

GM_Position

 

7.5.   Requirements for Observations

Where the OM_Observation type or any sub-type thereof is used to make data available, the following requirements shall apply:

(1)

The Process type shall be used to indicate the procedure used in an OM_Observation.

(2)

Where reference is made to an EnvironmentalMonitoringFacility from an OM_Observation, a parameter attribute shall be provided, whose name attribute is “relatedMonitoringFeature” and whose value attribute is of type AbstractMonitoringFeature.

(3)

For all encodings that are used for all or part of an OM_Observation result, a public Application Programming Interface (API) shall be available to read the encoded file. This API shall be capable of exposing the information needed to realise INSPIRE spatial objects.

(4)

If the processParameter attribute is present in the procedure property of an OM_Observation object, its value (a name) shall be included in the parameter attribute of the OM_Observation object.

8.   ACTIVITY COMPLEX MODEL

The INSPIRE activity complex model contains the package Activity Complex.

8.1.   Activity Complex

8.1.1.   Spatial object types

The package Activity Complex contains the spatial object type Activity Complex.

8.1.1.1.   Activity Complex (ActivityComplex)

A single unit, both technically and economically, under the management control of a legal entity (operator), covering activities as those listed in the Eurostat NACE classification established by Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1). Activity Complex must represent the whole area, at the same or different geographical location, managed by the same operator including all infrastructure, equipment and materials.

Attributes of the spatial object type ActivityComplex

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

thematicId

Thematic identifier of the activity complex.

ThematicIdentifier

 

geometry

The geometry used to define the extent or position of the activity complex.

GM_Object

 

function

Activities performed by the activity complex. Function is described by the activity and potentially complemented with information about inputs and outputs as result of it.

Function

 

name

Descriptive name of the activity complex.

CharacterString

voidable

validFrom

The time when the activity complex started to exist in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

validTo

The time when the activity complex no longer exists in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

8.1.2.   Data types

8.1.2.1.   Function (Function)

The function of something expressed as an activity and optional input and/or output.

Attributes of the data type Function

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

activity

Categorized description of individual or organized set of technically related processes that are carried out by a economical unit, private or public, profit or non profit character.

EconomicActivityValue

 

input

Any classified or registered material that enters a technical and economical unit according to its function.

InputOutputValue

voidable

output

Any classified or registered material that leaves a technical and economical unit according to its function.

InputOutputValue

voidable

description

A more detailed description of the function.

PT_FreeText

voidable

8.1.2.2.   Capacity (Capacity)

A quantification of an actual or potential ability to perform an activity, that typically does not change, does not change often, or does not change to a significant degree.

Attributes of the data type Capacity

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

activity

Categorized description of individual or organized set of technically related processes that are carried out by a economical unit, private or public, profit or non profit character.

EconomicActivityValue

 

input

Measurable information about any classified or registered material that enters a technical and economical unit according to its function.

InputOutputAmount

 

output

Measurable information about any classified or registered material that leaves a technical and economical unit according to its function.

InputOutputAmount

 

time

The duration of time to which the specified capacity refers, such as 1 year for an annual capacity.

TM_Duration

 

description

A description of the capacity.

PT_FreeText

voidable

8.1.2.3.   Amount Of Input Or Output (InputOutputAmount)

Type and, where available, measurable amount of a classified or registered material that enters or leaves a technical and economical unit.

Attributes of the data type InputOutputAmount

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inputOutput

A classified or registered material that enters or leaves a technical and economical unit according to its function.

InputOutputValue

 

amount

The amount (such as a volume or mass) of the classified or registered material that enters or leaves a technical and economical unit.

Measure

voidable

8.1.2.4.   Permission (Permission)

Official Decision (formal consent) granting authorization to operate all or part of an Activity Complex, subject to certain conditions which guarantee that the installations or parts of installations on the same site operated by the same operator comply with the requirements fixed by a competent authority. A permit may cover one or more functions and fix parameters of capacity. The term could be extended to other kind of certificates or documents of special relevance depending of the scope (e.g. ISO, EMAS, National Quality Standards, etc).

Attributes of the data type Permission

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

id

Identifying reference to the permission.

ThematicIdentifier

 

relatedParty

Parties related to the permission granted to the activity complex open to many different roles, such as Competent Authorities or Company among others

RelatedParty

voidable

decisionDate

Temporal reference that complements the definition of the permission.

DateTime

voidable

dateFrom

A date starting from which the permission applies and is valid.

DateTime

voidable

dateTo

A date up to which the permission applies and is valid.

DateTime

voidable

description

A description of the permission.

PT_FreeText

voidable

permittedFunction

Function/s to which the permission is granted.

Function

voidable

permittedCapacity

Maximum amounts of activity input and/or output according to the permission.

Capacity

voidable

8.1.2.5.   Activity Complex Description (ActivityComplexDescription)

Additional information about an activity complex, including its description, address, contact details and related parties.

Attributes of the spatial object type ActivityComplexDescription

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

description

A complementary definition of the “Activity Complex” and its characteristics.

PT_FreeText

voidable

address

An address for the activity complex, i.e., an address where the activities occur.

AddressRepresentation

voidable

contact

Contact information for the activity complex.

Contact

voidable

relatedParty

Information of Parties related to the Activity Complex. It is open to many different roles, such as owners, operators or Competent Authorities.

RelatedParty

voidable

8.1.3.   Code lists

8.1.3.1.   Economic Activity (EconomicActivityValue)

Classification of economic activities.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values of the following code lists or other code lists specified by data providers:

EU Economic Activity Classification (EconomicActivityNACEValue): Economic activities according to Eurostat NACE Classification values, as specified in Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2).

EU Waste Statistics Economic Activity Classification (EconomicActivityWasteStatisticsValue): Classification of economic activities according to Section 8 of Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 2150/2002 (3).

EU Waste Recovery Disposal Classification (WasteRecoveryDisposalValue): Classification of waste recovery and disposal operations according to Annexes I and II of Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4).

8.1.3.2.   Input Or Output (InputOutputValue)

Classification of inputs or outputs.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values of the following code lists or other code lists specified by data providers.

EU Product Classification (ProductCPAValue): Classification of Products by Economical Activity according to Regulation (EC) No 451/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5).

EU Waste Classification (WasteValue): Classification of Wastes according to Decision 2000/532/EC (6).

8.2.   Requirements for Activity Complexes

If a data provider uses a sub-type of ActivityComplex to make available information on the status, physical capacity, permissions and/or additional information, the relevant code lists and data types (ConditionOfFacilityValue, Capacity, Permission, ActivityComplexDescription) included in the package Activity Complex shall be used.’


(1)  OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1.

(3)  OJ L 332, 9.12.2002, p. 1.

(4)  OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3.

(5)  OJ L 145, 4.6.2008, p. 65.

(6)  OJ L 226, 6.9.2000, p. 3.


ANNEX II

Annex II to Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010 is amended as follows:

(1)

Throughout the text, the sentence ‘This code list shall not be extended by Member States.’ is replaced by the sentence ‘The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values in the table below.’.

(2)

Throughout the text, in the headings of all tables that are specifying code list values, the text ‘Allowed values for the code list’ is replaced by the text ‘Values for the code list’.

(3)

In Section 1.1, the following indents are added:

‘—

“mean sea level” (MSL) means the average height of the surface of the sea at a tide station for all stages of the tide over a 19-year period, usually determined from hourly height readings measured from a fixed predetermined reference level (chart datum).

“lowest astronomical tide” (LAT) means the lowest tide level which can be predicted to occur under average meteorological conditions and under any combination of astronomical conditions.’

(4)

Section 1.3.3 is amended as follows:

(a)

the second indent is replaced by the following:

‘—

For the vertical component in the free atmosphere, barometric pressure, converted to height using ISO 2533:1975 International Standard Atmosphere, or other linear or parametric reference systems shall be used. Where other parametric reference systems are used, these shall be described in an accessible reference using EN ISO 19111-2:2012.’

(b)

the following indents are added:

‘—

For the vertical component in marine areas where there is an appreciable tidal range (tidal waters), the Lowest Astronomical Tide (LAT) shall be used as the reference surface.

For the vertical component in marine areas without an appreciable tidal range, in open oceans and effectively in waters that are deeper than 200 meters, the Mean Sea Level (MSL) or a well-defined reference level close to the MSL shall be used as the reference surface.’.

(5)

Section 2.2 is amended as follows:

(a)

The first paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘Either of the grids with fixed and unambiguously defined locations defined in Sections 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 shall be used as a geo-referencing framework to make gridded data available in INSPIRE, unless one of the following conditions holds:

(1)

Other grids may be specified for specific spatial data themes in Annexes II-IV. In this case, data exchanged using such a theme-specific grid shall use standards in which the grid definition is either included with the data, or linked by reference.

(2)

For grid referencing in regions outside of continental Europe Member States may define their own grid based on a geodetic coordinate reference system compliant with ITRS and a Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area projection, following the same principles as laid down for the grid specified in Section 2.2.1. In this case, an identifier for the coordinate reference system shall be created.’

(b)

Section 2.2.1 is amended as follows:

(1)

the title is replaced by ‘Equal Area Grid’.

(2)

the sentences ‘The grid defined in this Section shall be used as a geo-referencing framework where grids with fixed and unambiguously defined locations of equal-area grid cells are required.’ and ‘The reference point of a grid cell shall be the lower left corner of the grid cell. ’ are deleted.

(c)

Section 2.2.2 is replaced by the following:

‘2.2.2.   Zoned Geographic Grid

1.

When gridded data is delivered using geodetic coordinates as specified in Section 1.3 of this Annex the multi-resolution grid defined in this Section may be used as a geo-referencing framework.

2.

The resolution levels are defined in Table 1.

3.

The grid shall be based on the ETRS89-GRS80 geodetic coordinate reference system.

4.

The origin of the grid shall coincide with the intersection point of the Equator with the Greenwich Meridian (GRS80 latitude φ=0; GRS80 longitude λ=0).

5.

The grid orientation shall be south-north and west-east according to the net defined by the meridians and parallels of the GRS80 ellipsoid.

6.

For grid referencing in regions outside of continental Europe data providers may define their own grid based on a geodetic coordinate reference system compliant with ITRS, following the same principles as laid down for the Pan-European Grid_ETRS89-GRS80zn. In this case, an identifier for the coordinate reference system and the corresponding identifier for the grid shall be created.

7.

This grid shall be subdivided in zones. The south-north resolution of the grid shall have equal angular spacing. The west-east resolution of the grid shall be established as the product of angular spacing multiplied by the factor of the zone as defined in Table 1.

8.

The grid shall be designated Grid_ETRS89-GRS80zn_res, where n represents the number of the zone and res the cell size in angular units, as specified in Table 1.

Table 1

Common Grid_ETRS89-GRS80: Latitude spacing (resolution level) and longitude spacing for each zone

Resolution Levels

LATITUDE SPACING

(Arc seconds)

LONGITUDE SPACING (Arc seconds)

Cell size

Zone 1

(Lat. 0°–50°)

Zone 2

(Lat. 50°–70°)

Zone 3

(Lat. 70°–75°)

Zone 4

(Lat. 75°–80°)

Zone 5

(Lat. 80°–90°)

LEVEL 0

3 600

3 600

7 200

10 800

14 400

21 600

1 D

LEVEL 1

3 000

3 000

6 000

9 000

12 000

18 000

50 M

LEVEL 2

1 800

1 800

3 600

5 400

7 200

10 800

30 M

LEVEL 3

1 200

1 200

2 400

3 600

4 800

7 200

20 M

LEVEL 4

600

600

1 200

1 800

2 400

3 600

10 M

LEVEL 5

300

300

600

900

1 200

1 800

5 M

LEVEL 6

120

120

240

360

480

720

2 M

LEVEL 7

60

60

120

180

240

360

1 M

LEVEL 8

30

30

60

90

120

180

30 S

LEVEL 9

15

15

30

45

60

90

15 S

LEVEL 10

5

5

10

15

20

30

5 S

LEVEL 11

3

3

6

9

12

18

3 S

LEVEL 12

1,5

1,5

3

4,5

6

9

1 500 MS

LEVEL 13

1

1

2

3

4

6

1 000 MS

LEVEL 14

0,75

0,75

1,5

2,25

3

4,5

750 MS

LEVEL 15

0,5

0,5

1

1,5

2

3

500 MS

LEVEL 16

0,3

0,3

0,6

0,9

1,2

1,8

300 MS

LEVEL 17

0,15

0,15

0,3

0,45

0,6

0,9

150 MS

LEVEL 18

0,1

0,1

0,2

0,3

0,4

0,6

100 MS

LEVEL 19

0,075

0,075

0,15

0,225

0,3

0,45

75 MS

LEVEL 20

0,03

0,03

0,06

0,09

0,12

0,18

30 MS

LEVEL 21

0,015

0,015

0,03

0,045

0,06

0,09

15 MS

LEVEL 22

0,01

0,01

0,02

0,03

0,04

0,06

10 MS

LEVEL 23

0,0075

0,0075

0,015

0,0225

0,03

0,045

7 500 MMS

LEVEL 24

0,003

0,003

0,006

0,009

0,012

0,018

3 000 MMS

FACTOR

1

2

3

4

6

—’

(6)

Section 4 is replaced by the following:

‘4.   ADMINISTRATIVE UNITS

4.1.   Structure of the Spatial Data Theme Administrative Units

The types specified for the spatial data theme Administrative Units are structured in the following packages:

Administrative Units

Maritime Units

4.2.   Administrative Units

4.2.1.   Spatial object types

The package Administrative Units contains the following spatial object types:

Administrative Boundary

Administrative Unit

Condominium

4.2.1.1.   Administrative Boundary (AdministrativeBoundary)

A line of demarcation between administrative units.

Attributes of the spatial object type AdministrativeBoundary

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

country

Two-character country code according to the Interinstitutional style guide published by the Publications Office of the European Union.

CountryCode

 

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

geometry

Geometric representation of border line.

GM_Curve

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

legalStatus

Legal status of this administrative boundary.

LegalStatusValue

voidable

nationalLevel

The hierarchy levels of all adjacent administrative units this boundary is part of.

AdministrativeHierarchyLevel

 

technicalStatus

The technical status of the administrative boundary.

TechnicalStatusValue

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type AdministrativeBoundary

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

admUnit

The administrative units separated by this administrative boundary.

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

4.2.1.2.   Administrative Unit (AdministrativeUnit)

Unit of administration where a Member State has and/or exercises jurisdictional rights, for local, regional and national governance.

Attributes of the spatial object type AdministrativeUnit

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

country

Two-character country code according to the Interinstitutional style guide published by the Publications Office of the European Union.

CountryCode

 

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

geometry

Geometric representation of spatial area covered by this administrative unit.

GM_MultiSurface

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

name

Official national geographical name of the administrative unit, given in several languages where required.

GeographicalName

 

nationalCode

Thematic identifier corresponding to the national administrative codes defined in each country.

CharacterString

 

nationalLevel

Level in the national administrative hierarchy, at which the administrative unit is established.

AdministrativeHierarchyLevel

 

nationalLevelName

Name of the level in the national administrative hierarchy, at which the administrative unit is established.

LocalisedCharacterString

voidable

residenceOfAuthority

Center for national or local administration.

ResidenceOfAuthority

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type AdministrativeUnit

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

administeredBy

Administrative unit established at same level of national administrative hierarchy that administers this administrative unit.

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

boundary

The administrative boundaries between this administrative unit and all the units adjacent to it.

AdministrativeBoundary

voidable

coAdminister

Administrative unit established at same level of national administrative hierarchy which is co-administered by this administrative unit.

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

condominium

Condominium administered by this administrative unit.

Condominium

voidable

lowerLevelUnit

Units established at a lower level of the national administrative hierarchy which are administered by the administrative unit.

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

upperLevelUnit

Unit established at a higher level of national administrative hierarchy that this administrative unit administers

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type AdministrativeUnit

Association role condominium applies only for administrative units which nationalLevel=“1st order” (country level).

No unit at lowest level can associate units at lower level.

No unit at highest level can associate units at a higher level.

4.2.1.3.   Condominium (Condominium)

An administrative area established independently to any national administrative division of territory and administered by two or more countries.

Attributes of the spatial object type Condominium

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

geometry

Geometric representation of spatial area covered by this condominium

GM_MultiSurface

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

name

Official geographical name of this condominium, given in several languages where required.

GeographicalName

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type Condominium

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

admUnit

The administrative unit administering the condominium

AdministrativeUnit

voidable

4.2.2.   Data Types

4.2.2.1.   Residence Of Authority (ResidenceOfAuthority)

Data type representing the name and position of a residence of authority.

Attributes of the data type ResidenceOfAuthority

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

geometry

Position of the residence of authority.

GM_Point

voidable

name

Name of the residence of authority.

GeographicalName

 

4.2.3.   Enumerations

4.2.3.1.   Legal Status (LegalStatusValue)

Description of the legal status of administrative boundaries.

Allowed values for the enumeration LegalStatusValue

Value

Definition

agreed

The edge-matched boundary has been agreed between neighbouring administrative units and is stable now.

notAgreed

The edge-matched boundary has not yet been agreed between neighbouring administrative units and could be changed.

4.2.3.2.   Technical Status (TechnicalStatusValue)

Description of the technical status of administrative boundaries.

Allowed values for the enumeration TechnicalStatusValue

Value

Definition

edgeMatched

The boundaries of neighbouring administrative units have the same set of coordinates.

notEdgeMatched

The boundaries of neighbouring administrative units do not have the same set of coordinates.

4.2.4.   Code Lists

4.2.4.1.   Administrative Hierarchy Level (AdministrativeHierarchyLevel)

Levels of administration in the national administrative hierarchy. This code list reflects the level in the hierarchical pyramid of the administrative structures, which is based on geometric aggregation of territories and does not necessarily describe the subordination between the related administrative authorities.

This code list shall be managed in a common code list register.

4.3.   Maritime Units

4.3.1.   Spatial object types

The package Maritime Units contains the following spatial object types:

Baseline

Maritime Boundary

Maritime Zone

4.3.1.1.   Baseline (Baseline)

The line from which the outer limits of the territorial sea and certain other outer limits are measured.

Attributes of the spatial object type Baseline

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type Baseline

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

segment

Segment of a baseline.

BaselineSegment

 

4.3.1.2.   Maritime Boundary (MaritimeBoundary)

A line depicting the separation of any type of maritime jurisdiction.

Attributes of the spatial object type MaritimeBoundary

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

geometry

Geometric representation of the maritime boundary.

GM_Curve

 

country

The country that the maritime zone of this boundary belongs to.

CountryCode

 

legalStatus

Legal status of this maritime boundary.

LegalStatusValue

voidable

technicalStatus

The technical status of the maritime boundary.

TechnicalStatusValue

voidable

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

4.3.1.3.   Maritime Zone (MaritimeZone)

A belt of sea defined by international treaties and conventions, where coastal State executes jurisdictional rights.

Attributes of the spatial object type MaritimeZone

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

geometry

Geometric representation of spatial area covered by this maritime zone.

GM_MultiSurface

 

zoneType

Type of maritime zone.

MaritimeZoneTypeValue

 

country

The country that this maritime zone belongs to.

CountryCode

 

name

Name(s) of the maritime zone.

GeographicalName

voidable

beginLifeSpanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifepanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type MaritimeZone

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

baseline

Baseline or baselines used for the delineation of this maritime zone.

Baseline

voidable

boundary

The boundary or boundaries of this maritime zone.

MaritimeBoundary

voidable

4.3.2.   Data types

4.3.2.1.   Baseline Segment (BaselineSegment)

Segment of the baseline from which the outer limits of the territorial sea and certain other outer limits are measured.

Attributes of the data type BaselineSegment

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

geometry

Geometric representation of the baseline segment.

GM_Curve

 

segmentType

The baseline type used for this segment.

BaselineSegmentTypeValue

 

4.3.3.   Code lists

4.3.3.1.   Baseline Segment Type (BaselineSegmentTypeValue)

The types of baselines used to measure the breadth of the territorial sea.

The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values specified in the table below.

Values for the code list BaselineSegmentTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

normal

normal

The normal baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the low-water line along the coast as marked on large-scale charts officially recognized by the coastal State.

straight

straight

The baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the straight baseline established by joining the appropriate points.

archipelagic

archipelagic

The baseline for measuring the breadth of the territorial sea is the straight baseline joining the outermost points of the outermost islands and drying reefs of the archipelago.

4.3.3.2.   Maritime Zone Type (MaritimeZoneTypeValue)

Type of martime zone.

The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values specified in the table below.

Values for the code list MaritimeZoneTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

internalWaters

Internal Waters

The waters on the landward side of the baselines of the territorial sea of the coastal State.

territorialSea

Territorial Sea

A belt of sea of a defined breadth not exceeding 12 nautical miles measured from the baselines determined in accordance to the United Nations Convention of Law on the Sea.

contiguousZone

Contiguous Zone

A zone contiguous to a territorial sea of a coastal State, which may not extend beyond 24 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured.

exclusiveEconomicZone

Exclusive Economic Zone

An area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of a coastal State, subject to the specific legal regime under which the rights and jurisdiction of the coastal State and the rights and freedoms of other States are governed by the relevant provisions of the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea.

continentalShelf

Continental Shelf

A maritime zone beyond and adjacent to the a territorial sea of a coastal State whose outer boundary is determined in accordance with Article 76 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

4.4.   Theme-specific Requirements

1.

Each instance of spatial object type AdministrativeUnit, except for the country level unit representing a Member State and co-administered units, shall refer exactly to one unit at a higher level of administrative hierarchy. This correspondence shall be expressed by the upperLevelUnit association role of AdministrativeUnit spatial object type.

2.

Each instance of spatial object type AdministrativeUnit, except for those at the lowest level, shall refer to their respective lower level units. This correspondence shall be expressed by the lowerLevelUnit association role of AdministrativeUnit spatial object type.

3.

If an administrative unit is co-administered by two or more other administrative units the association role administeredBy shall be used. The units co-administering this unit shall apply inverse role coAdminister.

4.

Administrative units at the same level of administrative hierarchy shall not conceptually share common areas.

5.

Instances of the spatial object type AdministrativeBoundary shall correspond to the edges in the topological structure of the complete (including all levels) boundary graph.

6.

The spatial extent of a condominium may not be part of the geometry representing the spatial extent of an administrative unit.

7.

Condominiums can only be administered by administrative units at country level.

4.5.   Layers

Layers for the spatial data theme Administrative Units

Layer Name

Layer Title

Spatial object type

AU.AdministrativeUnit

Administrative unit

AdministrativeUnit

AU.AdministrativeBoundary

Administrative boundary

AdministrativeBoundary

AU.Condominium

Condominium

Condominium

AU.Baseline

Baseline

Baseline

AU.<CodeListValue> (1)

Example: AU.ContiguousZone

<human readable name>

Example: Contiguous Zone

MaritimeZone (zoneType: MaritimeZoneTypeValue)

AU.MaritimeBoundary

Maritime boundary

MaritimeBoundary

(7)

Section 8 is amended as follows:

(a)

In Section 8.2, the indent ‘Hydro – Reporting’ is deleted.

(b)

In Section 8.5.1, the following indents are deleted:

Hydro Power Plant

Inundated Land

Ocean Region

Pipe

Pumping Station

(c)

In Section 8.5.1.4, the sentence ‘This type is a candidate type to be considered by the spatial data theme Natural risk zones in Annex III to Directive 2007/2/EC.’ is deleted.

(d)

Sections 8.5.1.9 Hydro Power Plant (HydroPowerPlant), 8.5.1.10 Inundated Land (InundatedLand), 8.5.1.14 Ocean Region (OceanRegion), 8.5.1.15 Pipe (Pipe), 8.5.1.16 Pumping Station (PumpingStation), 8.5.4.3 Inundation (InundationValue) and 8.6 Hydro – Reporting are deleted.

(e)

Section 8.5.1.19 is amended as follows:

The sentence ‘This type is a candidate type to be considered by the spatial data theme Land cover in Annex II to Directive 2007/2/EC.’ is deleted.

The row for the attribute ‘geometry’ in the attribute table is replaced by the following row:

geometry

The geometry of the shore.

GM_MultiSurface

 

(f)

In Section 8.5.1.24, the following constraint is added after ‘Constraints of the spatial object type Watercourse’:

‘The shores on either side of a watercourse shall be provided (using the bank property) as two separate Shore objects.’

(g)

In Section 8.5.1.25, the sentence ‘This type is a candidate type to be considered by the spatial data theme Land cover in Annex II to Directive 2007/2/EC.’ is deleted.

(h)

In Section 8.5.4.4, the sentence ‘This type is a candidate type to be considered by the spatial data theme Land cover in Annex II to Directive 2007/2/EC.’ is deleted.

(i)

In Section 8.8, the table is replaced by the following table:

‘Layer Type

Layer Title

Spatial object type(s)

HY.Network

Hydrographic Network

HydroNode, WatercourseLink

HY.PhysicalWaters.Waterbodies

Waterbodies

Watercourse, StandingWater

HY.PhysicalWaters.LandWaterBoundary

Land-Water Boundaries

LandWaterBoundary

HY.PhysicalWaters.Catchments

Catchments

DrainageBasin, RiverBasin

HY.PhysicalWaters.HydroPointOfInterest

Hydro Points of Interest

Rapids, Falls

HY.PhysicalWaters.ManMadeObject

Man-made Objects

Crossing, DamOrWeir, Embankment, Lock, Ford, ShorelineConstruction, Sluice

HY. PhysicalWaters.Wetland

Wetlands

Wetland

HY. PhysicalWaters.Shore

Shores

Shore’


(1)  One layer shall be made available for each code list value, in accordance with Art. 14(3).’


ANNEX III

The following Annex III is added to Regulation (EU) No 1089/2010:

‘ANNEX III

Requirements for Spatial Data Themes Listed in Annex II to Directive 2007/2/EC

1.   ELEVATION

1.1.   Definitions

In addition to the definitions set out in Article 2, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

“digital elevation model” (DEM) means Digital Surface Model (DSM) or Digital Terrain Model (DTM).

(2)

“digital surface model” (DSM) means a surface describing the three dimensional shape of the Earth's surface, including all static features placed on it. Temporary phenomena do not form part of the surface, but due to the technical difficulties in removing them some of these features may also be present in the surface.

(3)

“digital terrain model” (DTM) means a surface describing the three dimensional shape of the Earth's bare surface, excluding as possible any other features placed on it.

(4)

“elevation” means a vertically-constrained dimensional property of an spatial object consisting of an absolute measure referenced to a well-defined surface which is commonly taken as origin.

(5)

“height” means an elevation property measured along a plumb line in a direction opposite to Earth's gravity field (upwards).

(6)

“depth” means an elevation property measured along a plumb line in a direction coincident to Earth's gravity field (downwards).

1.2.   Structure of the Spatial Data Theme Elevation

The types specified for the spatial data theme Elevation are structured in the following packages:

Elevation – Base Types

Elevation – Grid Coverage

Elevation – Vector Elements

Elevation – TIN

Spatial data sets describing the morphology of land elevation shall be made available at least using the spatial object types included in the package Elevation – Grid Coverage.

Spatial data sets describing the morphology of bathymetry shall be made available at least using the spatial object types included in either the package Elevation – Grid Coverage or the package Elevation – Vector Elements.

1.3.   Elevation – Base Types

1.3.1.   Enumerations

1.3.1.1.   Elevation Property Type (ElevationPropertyTypeValue)

Enumeration type which determines the elevation property which has been measured or calculated.

Values for the enumeration ElevationPropertyTypeValue

Value

Definition

height

Elevation property measured along a plumb line in a direction opposite to Earth's gravity field (upwards).

depth

Elevation property measured along a plumb line in a direction coincident to Earth's gravity field (downwards).

1.3.1.2.   Surface Type (SurfaceTypeValue)

Enumeration type which determines the elevation surface with regard to its relative adherence to the Earth's bare surface.

Values for the enumeration SurfaceTypeValue

Value

Definition

DTM

Digital terrain model.

DSM

Digital surface model.

1.4.   Elevation – Grid Coverage.

1.4.1.   Spatial object types

The package Elevation – Grid Coverage contains the spatial object type Elevation Grid Coverage.

1.4.1.1.   Elevation Grid Coverage (ElevationGridCoverage)

Continuous coverage which uses a systematic tessellation based on a regular rectified quadrilateral grid to cover its domain, where the elevation property value is usually known for each of the grid points forming this domain.

This type is a sub-type of RectifiedGridCoverage.

Attributes of the spatial object type ElevationGridCoverage

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

domainExtent

Extent of the spatiotemporal domain of the coverage.

EX_Extent

 

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

propertyType

Attribute determining the elevation property represented by the elevation grid coverage.

ElevationPropertyTypeValue

 

surfaceType

Attribute indicating the type of elevation surface that the coverage describes in relation to the Earth's bare surface.

SurfaceTypeValue

 

Association roles of the spatial object type ElevationGridCoverage

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

contributingElevationGridCoverage

Reference to the elevation grid coverages that compose an aggregated elevation grid coverage.

The association has additional properties as defined in the association class ElevationGridCoverageAggregation.

ElevationGridCoverage

 

Constraints of the spatial object type ElevationGridCoverage

The grid dimension shall always be 2 for an elevation grid coverage.

The domainExtent shall be at least populated with a subtype of EX_GeographicExtent.

The coordinate reference system used to reference the grid shall be provided.

All the ElevationGridCoverage instances, to which an aggregated ElevationGridCoverage instance refers, shall share the same orientation of grid axes and the same grid spacing in each direction.

The origin of the grid shall be described in two dimensions.

The values in the range set shall be described by the Float type.

1.4.2.   Data types

1.4.2.1.   Elevation Grid Coverage Aggregation (ElevationGridCoverageAggregation)

Geometrical characteristics of the elevation grid coverage aggregation.

This type is an association class.

Attributes of the data type ElevationGridCoverageAggregation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

contributingFootprint

Geometric representation delineating the geographic area of the elevation grid coverage that contributes to the aggregated elevation grid coverage.

GM_MultiSurface

 

1.5.   Elevation - Vector Elements

1.5.1.   Spatial object types

The package Elevation – Vector Elements contains the following spatial object types:

Elevation Vector Object

Spot Elevation

Contour Line

Breakline

Void Area

Isolated Area

1.5.1.1.   Elevation Vector Object (ElevationVectorObject)

Elevation spatial object forming part of a vector data set, which participates in the description of the elevation property of a real world surface. It consists of an identity base for all vector objects which can be included as part of an elevation data set.

This type is abstract.

Attributes of the spatial object type ElevationVectorObject

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

localDepthDatum

Identification of a local vertical coordinate reference system not included in a registry, which is used to refer depth measurements.

ChartDatum

 

propertyType

Attribute categorizing the elevation vector object as a land-elevation or a bathymetry spatial object. It determines the elevation property represented by the object.

ElevationPropertyTypeValue

 

1.5.1.2.   Spot Elevation (SpotElevation)

Point spatial object which describes the elevation of an Earth's surface at a specific location. It provides a single elevation property value.

This type is a sub-type of ElevationVectorObject.

Attributes of the spatial object type SpotElevation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

classification

Class of spot elevation according to the LAS specification of the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS).

SpotElevationClassValue

voidable

geographicalName

A geographical name that is used to identify a named land or water body's floor location in the real world, which is represented by the spot elevation spatial object.

GeographicalName

voidable

geometry

Represents the geometric properties of the spatial object.

GM_Point

 

propertyValue

Value of the elevation property of the spatial object referred to a specific vertical coordinate reference system.

DirectPosition

 

spotElevationType

The type of elevation spot.

SpotElevationTypeValue

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type SpotElevation

The dimension of the property value coordinate shall be 1

The property value shall be expressed referring to a vertical coordinate reference system

1.5.1.3.   Contour Line (ContourLine)

Linear spatial object composed of a set of adjoining locations characterized by having the same elevation property value. It describes, together with other contour lines present in the area, the local morphology of the Earth's surface.

This type is a sub-type of ElevationVectorObject.

Attributes of the spatial object type ContourLine

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

contourLineType

The type of contour line with regard to the normal contour vertical interval (if any).

ContourLineTypeValue

voidable

downRight

Property indicating that the contour line spatial object is digitized in a way that the height of the elevation surface is lower at the right side of the line.

Boolean

voidable

geometry

Represents the geometric properties of the spatial object.

GM_Curve

 

propertyValue

Value of the elevation property of the spatial object referred to a specific vertical coordinate reference system.

DirectPosition

 

Constraints of the spatial object type ContourLine

The dimension of the property value coordinate shall be 1.

The property value shall be expressed referring to a vertical coordinate reference system.

1.5.1.4.   Breakline (BreakLine)

A line of a critical nature which describes the shape of an elevation surface and indicates a discontinuity in the slope of the surface (i.e. an abrupt change in gradient). Triangles included within a TIN model must never cross it.

This type is a sub-type of ElevationVectorObject.

Attributes of the spatial object type BreakLine

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

breakLineType

The type of break line with regard the natural or man-made real world characteristic it represents, or the specific function it has in calculating a Digital Elevation Model (DEM).

BreakLineTypeValue

 

geometry

Represents the geometric properties of the spatial object.

GM_Curve

 

manMadeBreak

Line which represents an elevation break due to a man-made construction present on the terrain.

Boolean

voidable

1.5.1.5.   Void Area (VoidArea)

Area of the Earth's surface where the elevation model is unknown because of missing input data. This area shall be excluded from a DEM.

This type is a sub-type of ElevationVectorObject.

Attributes of the spatial object type VoidArea

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

geometry

Represents the geometric properties of the spatial object.

GM_Surface

 

1.5.1.6.   Isolated Area (IsolatedArea)

Delimitation of an area of the Earth's surface where an isolated part of the elevation model exists. Its outside surroundings have no elevation information.

This type is a sub-type of ElevationVectorObject.

Attributes of the spatial object type IsolatedArea

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

geometry

Represents the geometric properties of the spatial object.

GM_Surface

 

1.5.2.   Data types

1.5.2.1.   Chart Datum (ChartDatum)

Local vertical coordinate reference system which is used to refer and portray depth measurements as property values.

Attributes of the data type ChartDatum

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

datumWaterLevel

Water level determining the origin of depth measurements for the chart datum.

WaterLevelValue

 

offset

Relative difference between the height of each reference point and the height of the water level determining the chart datum.

Measure

 

referencePoint

Geographical position(s) of: - Case A: a single point which is used to refer depth values within the geographical scope of the chart datum. - Case B: a set of points where water level measurements are performed to determine the water level of the chart datum.

GM_Point

 

scope

Geographic scope in which the local depth datum is practically used.

EX_Extent

 

1.5.3.   Enumerations

1.5.3.1.   Contour Line Type (ContourLineTypeValue)

List of possible categories of contour lines based on the equidistance parameter of the data set.

Values for the enumeration ContourLineTypeValue

Value

Definition

master

Contour at a vertical distance which is multiple to the equidistance parameter (corresponding to a certain multiple of the normal contour vertical interval) associated with the nominal scale.

ordinary

Contour at the equidistance parameter (corresponding to the normal contour vertical interval) associated with the nominal scale, and which is not a master contour.

auxiliary

A supplementary contour – not corresponding to the normal contour vertical interval – estimated or interpolated from surrounding contours, used in areas where there is insufficient height information for elevation mapping purposes or to control the creation of a digital elevation model.

1.5.4.   Code lists

1.5.4.1.   Breakline Type (BreakLineTypeValue)

List of possible type values for break lines based on the physical characteristics of the break line [in the elevation surface].

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and narrower values defined by data providers.

Values for the code list BreakLineTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

bottomOfSlope

bottom of slope

Break line representing the lower boundary of an area having a constant slope in the terrain surface, typically varying approximately between 2° and 40°.

changeInSlope

change in slope

Break line representing a collection of adjoining points where the terrain has an abrupt change in slope.

flatAreaBoundary

flat area boundary

Break line that delimits an isolated part of the territory where the elevation model has to be constrained at the same elevation value.

formLine

form line

Break line representing a local direction in which the elevation surface being described takes the greatest slope.

topOfSlope

top of slope

Break line representing the upper boundary of an area having a constant slope in the terrain surface, typically varying approximately between 2° and 40°.

1.5.4.2.   Spot Elevation Classification (SpotElevationClassValue)

Possible classification values for spot elevations based on the LAS specification maintained by the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS).

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

Data providers may use the values specified in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Elevation.

1.5.4.3.   Spot Elevation Type (SpotElevationTypeValue)

Possible values for spot elevation points that describe a singularity of the surface.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and narrower values defined by data providers.

Values for the code list SpotElevationTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

depression

depression

Point that represents a part of the relief of the land surface or water body's floor surface that is lower in elevation when compared to its surrounding points.

formSpot

form spot

A supplementary spot height, estimated or interpolated from surrounding heights, in areas where few contour lines or other height information exist.

generic

generic

Spot elevation spatial object not fulfilling the description of any of the other values in the current code list.

pass

pass

Lower point of a depression within a ridge alignment, generally opened along the crest line, which allow passing from one slope of the surface to another.

summit

summit

Highest point of a prominence in the relief of a land surface or a water body's floor surface.

1.6.   Elevation - TIN

1.6.1.   Spatial object types

The package “Elevation – TIN” contains the spatial object type Elevation TIN.

1.6.1.1.   Elevation TIN (ElevationTIN)

Collection of elevation spatial objects forming a particular tessellation of the space based on a Triangulated Irregular Network (TIN) according to the geometry GM_Tin defined in ISO 19107:2003. Its components are a set of control points whose elevation property values are known, and a set of break lines and stop lines.

Attributes of the spatial object type ElevationTIN

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

geometries

Represents the collection of geometric properties of the elevation TIN spatial object.

GM_Tin

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

propertyType

Attribute determining the elevation property represented by the elevation TIN.

ElevationPropertyTypeValue

 

surfaceType

Attribute indicating the type of elevation surface that the elevation TIN describes in relation to the Earth's bare surface.

SurfaceTypeValue

 

1.7.   Theme-specific Requirements

1.7.1.   Requirements on external object identifiers

(1)

If elevation data is updated based on new source data, the updated objects shall receive a new external object identifier.

1.7.2.   Requirements for Elevation Grid Coverages

(1)

By way of derogation from the requirement in Section 2.2 of Annex II, any grid compatible with one of the following coordinate reference systems may be used for making gridded Elevation data available:

two-dimensional geodetic coordinates (latitude and longitude) based on a datum specified in 1.2 of Annex II and using the parameters of the GRS80 ellipsoid;

plane coordinates using the ETRS89 Lambert Conformal Conic coordinate reference system;

plane coordinates using the ETRS89 Transverse Mercator coordinate reference system.

The grid specified in Section 2.2.1 of Annex II shall not be used.

(2)

The domainExtent attribute of every ElevationGridCoverage instance shall be at least populated with a subtype of the EX_GeographicExtent type.

(3)

The elevation property values included within the range set of a single ElevationGridCoverage shall be referenced to one and only one vertical coordinate reference system.

(4)

All the ElevationGridCoverage instances, to which an aggregated ElevationGridCoverage instance refers, shall be consistent. This means that they shall share the same range type, Coordinate Reference System and resolution. They shall also support grid alignment, i.e. the grid points in one ElevationGridCoverage instance line up with grid points of the other ElevationGridCoverage instances, so that grid cells do not partially overlap.

(5)

The contributing footprints of any two ElevationGridCoverage instances referred to by the same aggregated ElevationGridCoverage instance shall be either adjacent or disjoint.

(6)

The union of the contributing footprints of the ElevationGridCoverage instances referred to by the same aggregated ElevationGridCoverage instance shall determine the geographic extent (domainExtent) of the aggregated ElevationGridCoverage instance.

(7)

The ElevationGridCoverage package shall be restricted to two-dimensional geometries.

(8)

Information about the acquisition dates of data contained in elevation grid coverages shall be provided at least in one of the following ways:

(a)

by providing the metadata element Temporal reference for each spatial object through the metadata attribute of the spatial object type ElevationGridCoverage;

(b)

by providing the metadata element Temporal reference required by Regulation (EC) No 1205/2008 as a temporal extent.

1.7.3.   Requirements for Elevation Vector Data

(1)

Where elevation vector data sets are provided using 2-D geometries, the vertical component (third dimension) shall be provided as elevation property values within the propertyValue attribute.

(2)

Where elevation vector data sets are provided using 2.5-D geometries, the elevation property values shall be only included within the third coordinate (Z) of these geometries.

1.7.4.   Requirements for Elevation TINs

(1)

The property values included within a single instance of ElevationTIN spatial object type (TIN model) shall be referenced to one and only one vertical coordinate reference system.

(2)

Triangles intersecting a stop line shall be removed from a TIN surface, leaving holes in the surface. If coincidence occurs on surface boundary triangles, the result shall be a change of the surface boundary.

(3)

The vector spatial objects provided as components of a TIN collection shall fulfil the generic consistency rules provided for vector objects.

1.7.5.   Requirements on reference systems

(1)

For measuring the depth of the sea floor where there is an appreciable tidal range (tidal waters), the Lowest Astronomical Tide (LAT) shall be used as reference surface.

(2)

For measuring the depth of the sea floor in marine areas without an appreciable tidal range, in open oceans and in waters that are deeper than 200 meters, the depth of the sea floor shall be referenced to the Mean Sea Level (MSL), or to a well-defined reference level close to the MSL.

(3)

The height of the reference level to which the depth of the floor of an inland water body is measured shall be referred to a gravity-related vertical reference system. This shall be the European Vertical Reference System (EVRS) for the areas within the geographical scope of EVRS, or the gravity-related vertical reference system identified by the Member State outside the scope of EVRS.

(4)

When providing an integrated land-sea elevation model, only one elevation property (either height or depth) shall be modelled, and its values shall be referenced to a single vertical coordinate reference system.

1.7.6.   Requirements on data quality and consistency

(1)

If measures other than ISO data quality measures have been used to evaluate an elevation data set, the Lineage metadata element shall include information about those measures and, if possible, a reference to an online resource where more information is available.

(2)

Connected contour line spatial objects shall have the same elevation value when they are referenced to the same vertical coordinate reference system.

(3)

When the elevation values of break line spatial objects are given as third coordinates (Z), the intersection point of two break line spatial objects shall have the same elevation value.

(4)

When a contour line spatial object and a break line spatial object provided in the same vertical coordinate reference system intersect each other, the intersection point shall have the same elevation value (if the elevation values of break line spatial objects are given by the third (Z) coordinate).

(5)

Contour line spatial objects having different elevation value shall neither intersect nor touch each other when they are referenced to the same vertical coordinate reference system.

(6)

The boundary of an isolated area spatial object shall not touch the external boundary of a void area spatial object when they are referenced to the same vertical coordinate reference system.

1.8.   Layers

Layers for the spatial data theme Elevation

Layer Name

Layer Title

Spatial object type

EL.BreakLine

Break Line

BreakLine

EL.ContourLine

Contour Line

ContourLine

EL.IsolatedArea

Isolated Area

IsolatedArea

EL.SpotElevation

Spot Elevation

SpotElevation

EL.VoidArea

Void Area

VoidArea

EL.ElevationGridCoverage

Elevation Grid Coverage

ElevationGridCoverage

EL.ElevationTIN

Elevation TIN

ElevationTIN

2.   LAND COVER

2.1.   Definitions

In addition to the definitions set out in Article 2, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

“classification system” means a system for assigning objects to classes, in accordance with ISO 19144-1:2012;

(2)

“discrete coverage” means a coverage that returns the same feature attribute values for every direct position within any single spatial object, temporal object or spatiotemporal object in its domain, in accordance with EN ISO 19123:2007;

(3)

“land cover object” means a spatial object (point, pixel or polygon) where the land cover has been observed;

(4)

“legend” means the application of a classification in a specific area using a defined mapping scale and specific data set;

(5)

“minimal mapping unit” means the smallest area size of a polygon allowed to be represented in a particular land cover data set;

(6)

“situation” means the state of a particular land cover object at a particular point in time.

2.2.   Structure of the Spatial Data Theme Land Cover

The types specified for the spatial data theme Land Cover are structured in the following packages:

Land Cover Nomenclature

Land Cover Vector

Land Cover Raster

2.3.   Land Cover Nomenclature

2.3.1.   Data types

2.3.1.1.   Land Cover Nomenclature (LandCoverNomenclature)

Information about reference national, institutional or local Land Cover nomenclature.

Attributes of the data type LandCoverNomenclature

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

responsibleParty

Party responsible for the development and/or maintenance of the nomenclature.

RelatedParty

 

externalDescription

Document describing the nomenclature used in this data set.

DocumentCitation

voidable

embeddedDescription

An embedded encoding of the classification system according to ISO 19144-2.

LC_LandCoverClassificationSystem

voidable

nomenclatureCodeList

An http URI pointing to the code list attached to the nomenclature used.

URI

 

Constraints of the data type LandCoverNomenclature

The embedded description or the external desciption shall be provided.

2.3.2.   Code lists

2.3.2.1.   Land Cover Class (LandCoverClassValue)

Land cover code list or classification.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

Data providers may use the values and the integer codes (to be used to represent specific land cover classes in the range of the LandCoverGridCoverage objects) specified for the Pure Land Cover Component (PureLandCoverComponentValue) code list in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Land Cover.

2.4.   Land Cover Vector

2.4.1.   Spatial object types

The package Land Cover Vector contains the following spatial object types:

Land Cover Data Set

Land Cover Unit

2.4.1.1.   Land Cover Data Set (LandCoverDataset)

A vector representation for Land Cover data.

Attributes of the spatial object type LandCoverDataset

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

name

Name of the Land Cover data set.

CharacterString

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

extent

Contains the extent of the data set.

EX_Extent

 

nomenclatureDocumentation

Information about the nomenclature used in this data set.

LandCoverNomenclature

 

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

validFrom

The time when the phenomenon started to exist in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

validTo

The time from which the phenomenon no longer exists in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type LandCoverDataset

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

member

A Land Cover Unit being part of the data set.

LandCoverUnit

 

2.4.1.2.   Land Cover Unit (LandCoverUnit)

An individual element of the Land Cover data set represented by a point or surface.

Attributes of the spatial object type LandCoverUnit

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

geometry

Spatial representation of the Land Cover data.

GM_Object

 

landCoverObservation

Land cover information at a specific time and place.

LandCoverObservation

 

Constraints of the spatial object type LandCoverUnit

Geometries shall be points or surfaces.

2.4.2.   Data types

2.4.2.1.   Land Cover Observation (LandCoverObservation)

Land Cover information interpreted at a specific time and place.

Attributes of the data type LandCoverObservation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

class

The assignment of a land cover class to a land cover unit through a classification code identifier.

LandCoverClassValue

 

observationDate

The observation date associated of an observation.

DateTime

voidable

mosaic

List of classification values describing into details a land cover unit, associated with percentages.

LandCoverValue

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type LandCoverObservation

The sum of all coveredPercentage attributes attached to each LandCoverObservation shall be lower or equal to 100.

2.4.2.2.   Land Cover (LandCoverValue)

Generic class supporting Land Cover value and percentage.

Attributes of the data type LandCoverValue

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

class

Assignment of a land cover spatial object to a land cover class through a classification code identifier.

LandCoverClassValue

 

coveredPercentage

Fraction of the LandCoverUnit being concerned with the classification value.

Integer

voidable

2.5.   Land Cover Raster

2.5.1.   Spatial object types

The package Land Cover Raster contains the spatial object type Land Cover Grid Coverage.

2.5.1.1.   Land Cover Grid Coverage (LandCoverGridCoverage)

A raster representation for Land Cover data.

This type is a sub-type of RectifiedGridCoverage.

Attributes of the spatial object type LandCoverGridCoverage

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

name

Name of the Land Cover coverage.

CharacterString

 

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

extent

Contains the extent of the data set.

EX_Extent

 

nomenclatureDocumentation

Information about the nomenclature used in this coverage.

LandCoverNomenclature

 

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

validFrom

The time when the phenomenon started to exist in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

validTo

The time from which the phenomenon no longer exists in the real world.

DateTime

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type LandCoverGridCoverage

The values in the range set are restricted to Integer.

2.6.   Theme-specific Requirements

If an onlineDescription attribute is provided for a LandCoverNomenclature data type, the referenced online description shall define, for each class, at least a code, a name, a definition and a RGB value to be used for portrayal. If the online description describes the nomenclature for a LandCoverGridCoverage object, an integer grid code shall also be provided for each class. This code shall be used in the range of the LandCoverGridCoverage to represent the corresponding class.

2.7.   Layers

Layers for the spatial data theme Land Cover

Layer Name

Layer Title

Spatial object type

LC.LandCoverPoints

Land Cover Points

LandCoverUnit

LC.LandCoverSurfaces

Land Cover Surfaces

LandCoverUnit

LC.LandCoverRaster

Land Cover Raster

LandCoverGridCoverage

3.   ORTHOIMAGERY

3.1.   Definitions

In addition to the definitions set out in Article 2, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

“mosaic” means an image composed of multiple overlapping or adjoining photographs or images merged together.

(2)

“orthoimage aggregation” means a combination of subsets from several homogeneous orthoimage coverages forming a new orthoimage coverage.

(3)

“raster” means a usually rectangular pattern of parallel scanning lines forming or corresponding to the display on a cathode ray tube, in accordance with EN ISO 19123:2007.

3.2.   Spatial object types

The following spatial object types are specified for the spatial data theme Orthoimagery:

Orthoimage Coverage

Mosaic Element

Single Mosaic Element

Aggregated Mosaic Element

3.2.1.   Orthoimage Coverage (OrthoimageCoverage)

Raster image of the Earth surface that has been geometrically corrected (“orthorectified”) to remove distortion caused by differences in elevation, sensor tilt and, optionally, by sensor optics.

This type is a sub-type of RectifiedGridCoverage.

Attributes of the spatial object type OrthoimageCoverage

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

domainExtent

Extent of the spatiotemporal domain of the coverage.

EX_Extent

 

footprint

Geographic area enclosing valid data of the orthoimage coverage.

GM_MultiSurface

voidable

interpolationType

Mathematical method which shall be used to evaluate a continuous coverage, i.e. determine the values of the coverage at any direct position within the domain of the coverage.

InterpolationMethodValue

 

name

Free text name of the orthoimage coverage.

CharacterString

voidable

phenomenonTime

Description of the observation/acquisition extent in time of the input image(s).

TM_Period

voidable

beginLifespanVersion

Temporal position at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

TM_Position

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Temporal position at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired from the spatial data set.

TM_Position

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type OrthoimageCoverage

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

contributingOrthoimageCoverage

Reference to the orthoimage coverages that compose an aggregated orthoimage coverage.

The association has additional properties as defined in the association class OrthoimageAggregation.

OrthoimageCoverage

 

mosaicElement

Spatial representation of the acquisition time of a mosaicked orthoimage coverage.

MosaicElement

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type OrthoimageCoverage

The acquisition time of the orthoimage coverage shall be provided through the phenomenonTime attribute or the mosaicElement association.

The dimension of the grid used shall always be 2.

The domainExtent attribute shall be at least populated with a subtype of EX_GeographicExtent.

The coordinate reference system used to reference the grid shall be provided.

All the OrthoimageCoverage instances, to which an aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance refers, shall share the same orientation of grid axes and the same grid spacing in each direction.

The origin of the grid shall be described in two dimensions.

The values in the range set shall be described by the Integer type.

3.2.2.   Mosaic Element (MosaicElement)

Abstract type identifying both the contributing area and the acquisition time of one or several input images used to generate a mosaicked orthoimage coverage.

This type is abstract.

Attributes of the spatial object type MosaicElement

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

geometry

Geometric representation spatially delineating the date and time of acquisition of the several input images that contribute to the final mosaic.

GM_MultiSurface

 

phenomenonTime

Description of the observation/acquisition extent in time of the input image(s).

TM_Period

 

3.2.3.   Single Mosaic Element (SingleMosaicElement)

Mosaic element relating to a single input image.

This type is a sub-type of MosaicElement.

Attributes of the spatial object type SingleMosaicElement

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

imageSourceReference

Reference to the input image.

CharacterString

voidable

3.2.4.   Aggregated Mosaic Element (AggregatedMosaicElement)

Mosaic element relating to several input images that share the same acquisition time at a given level of definition (e.g. day, month).

This type is a sub-type of MosaicElement.

3.3.   Data types

3.3.1.   Orthoimage Aggregation (OrthoimageAggregation)

Geometrical characteristics of the orthoimage aggregation.

This type is an association class.

Attributes of the data type OrthoimageAggregation

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

contributingFootprint

Geometric representation delineating the geographic area of an orthoimage coverage that contributes to the aggregated orthoimage coverage.

GM_MultiSurface

 

3.4.   Code lists

3.4.1.   Interpolation Method (InterpolationMethodValue)

List of codes that identify theinterpolation methodswhich may be used for evaluating orthoimage coverages.

The allowed values for this code list comprise only the values specified in the table below.

Values for the code list InterpolationTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

nearestNeighbour

nearest neighbour

Nearest neighbour interpolation

bilinear

bilinear

Bilinear interpolation

biquadratic

biquadratic

Biquadratic interpolation

bicubic

bicubic

Bicubic interpolation

3.5.   Theme-specific Requirements

3.5.1.   Requirements on external object identifiers

(1)

If an orthoimage is updated based on new source data, the updated objects shall receive a new external object identifier.

3.5.2.   Requirements for Orthoimage Coverages

(1)

By way of derogation from the requirement in Section 2.2 of Annex II, any grid compatible with one of the following coordinate reference systems may be used for making gridded Orthoimagery data available:

two-dimensional geodetic coordinates (latitude and longitude) based on a datum specified in Section 1.2 of Annex II and using the parameters of the GRS80 ellipsoid;

plane coordinates using the ETRS89 Lambert Conformal Conic coordinate reference system;

plane coordinates using the ETRS89 Transverse Mercator coordinate reference system.

The grid specified in Section 2.2.1 of Annex II shall not be used.

(2)

The footprint of an OrthoimageCoverage instance shall be spatially included in its geographic extent that is described through the domainExtent property.

(3)

The value type of the metadata property carried by the spatial object type OrthoimageCoverage shall be set to OM_Observation when using the Observation and Measurement metadata model defined in ISO 19156:2011.

(4)

All the OrthoimageCoverage instances, to which an aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance refers, shall be consistent. This means that they shall share the same range type, Coordinate Reference System and resolution. They shall also support grid alignment, i.e. the grid points in one OrthoimageCoverage instance line up with grid points of the other OrthoimageCoverage instances, so that grid cells do not partially overlap.

(5)

The contributing footprint of an OrthoimageCoverage instance referred by an aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance shall be spatially included in its own footprint.

(6)

The contributing footprints of any two OrthoimageCoverage instances referred to by the same aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance shall be either adjacent or disjoint.

(7)

The union of the contributing footprints of the OrthoimageCoverage instances referred to by the same aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance shall determine the footprint of the aggregated OrthoimageCoverage instance.

3.5.3.   Requirements for mosaic elements

(1)

All the mosaic elements related to an OrthoimageCoverage instance shall be of the same type, i.e. either SingleMosaicElement or AggregatedMosaicElement.

(2)

The geometries delineating any two MosaicElement instances related to the same OrthoimageCoverage instance shall be either adjacent or disjoint.

(3)

The union of the geometries delineating all MosaicElement instances related to the same OrthoimageCoverage instance shall include its footprint and be contained in its geographic domain extent.

3.5.4.   Requirements on reference systems

(1)

Data related to the spatial data theme Orthoimagery shall be restricted to two-dimensional geometries.

(2)

Only two-dimensional coordinate reference systems shall be used to represent INSPIRE orthoimagery data sets.

3.5.5.   Requirements on data quality

(1)

The measures “root mean square error in X” (RMSE-x) and “root mean square error in Y” (RMSE-y) shall be provided jointly when used to assess the gridded data position of orthoimagery data.

3.6.   Layers

Layers for the spatial data theme Orthoimagery

Layer Name

Layer Title

Spatial object type

OI.OrthoimageCoverage

orthoimage coverage

OrthoimageCoverage

OI.MosaicElement

mosaic element

MosaicElement

4.   GEOLOGY

4.1.   Structure of the Spatial Data Theme Geology

The types specified for the spatial data theme Geology are structured in the following packages:

Geology

Geophysics

Hydrogeology

4.2.   Geology

4.2.1.   Spatial object types

The package Geology contains the following spatial object types:

Anthropogenic Geomorphologic Feature

Borehole

Fold

Geologic Collection

Geologic Event

Geologic Feature

Geologic Structure

Geologic Unit

Geomorphologic Feature

Mapped Feature

Mapped Interval

Natural Geomorphologic Feature

Shear Displacement Structure

4.2.1.1.   Anthropogenic Geomorphologic Feature (AnthropogenicGeomorphologicFeature)

A geomorphologic feature (i.e., landform) which has been created by human activity.

This type is a sub-type of GeomorphologicFeature.

Attributes of the spatial object type AnthropogenicGeomorphologicFeature

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

anthropogenicGeomorphologicFeatureType

Terms describing the type of a geomorphologic feature.

AnthropogenicGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue

 

4.2.1.2.   Borehole (Borehole)

A borehole is the generalized term for any narrow shaft drilled in the ground.

Attributes of the spatial object type Borehole

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

boreholeLength

The distance along a borehole.

Quantity

voidable

elevation

The vertical height above datum of the borehole collar.

DirectPosition

voidable

location

The location of the borehole collar.

GM_Point

 

purpose

The purpose for which the borehole was drilled.

BoreholePurposeValue

voidable

downholeGeometry

The downhole geometry of the borehole

GM_Curve

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type Borehole

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

logElement

1-D MappedFeature instances that are logged (interpreted) intervals within a borehole.

MappedInterval

voidable

4.2.1.3.   Fold (Fold)

One or more systematically curved layers, surfaces, or lines in a rock body.

This type is a sub-type of GeologicStructure.

Attributes of the spatial object type Fold

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

profileType

The type of the fold.

FoldProfileTypeValue

voidable

4.2.1.4.   Geologic Collection (GeologicCollection)

A collection of geological or geophysical objects.

Attributes of the spatial object type GeologicCollection

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

name

The name of the collection.

CharacterString

 

collectionType

The type of the collection.

CollectionTypeValue

 

reference

A reference for the collection.

DocumentCitation

voidable

beginLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was inserted or changed in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

endLifespanVersion

Date and time at which this version of the spatial object was superseded or retired in the spatial data set.

DateTime

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type GeologicCollection

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

geophObjectSet

A GeophObjectSet member of the geologic collection.

GeophObjectSet

voidable

geophObjectMember

A GeophObjectMember of the geologic collection.

GeophObject

voidable

boreholeMember

A Borehole member of a geologic collection.

Borehole

voidable

mapMember

A MappedFeature member of a geologic collection.

MappedFeature

voidable

4.2.1.5.   Geologic Event (GeologicEvent)

An identifiable event during which one or more geological processes act to modify geological entities.

Attributes of the spatial object type GeologicEvent

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

name

The name of the geologic event.

CharacterString

voidable

eventEnvironment

The physical setting within which the geologic event takes place.

EventEnvironmentValue

voidable

eventProcess

The process or processes that occurred during the geologic event.

EventProcessValue

voidable

olderNamedAge

Older boundary of the age of the geologic event.

GeochronologicEraValue

voidable

youngerNamedAge

Younger boundary of the age of the geologic event.

GeochronologicEraValue

voidable

4.2.1.6.   Geologic Feature (GeologicFeature)

A conceptual geological feature that is hypothesized to exist coherently in the world.

This type is abstract.

Attributes of the spatial object type GeologicFeature

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

inspireId

External object identifier of the spatial object.

Identifier

 

name

The name of the geologic feature.

CharacterString

voidable

Association roles of the spatial object type GeologicFeature

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

themeClass

A thematic classification of the geologic feature.

ThematicClass

voidable

geologicHistory

An association that relates one or more geologic events to a geologic feature to describe their age or geologic history.

GeologicEvent

voidable

4.2.1.7.   Geologic Structure (GeologicStructure)

A configuration of matter in the Earth based on describable inhomogeneity, pattern or fracture in an earth material.

This type is a sub-type of GeologicFeature.

This type is abstract.

4.2.1.8.   Geologic Unit (GeologicUnit)

A volume of rock with distinct characteristics.

This type is a sub-type of GeologicFeature.

Attributes of the spatial object type GeologicUnit

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

geologicUnitType

The type of the geological unit.

GeologicUnitTypeValue

 

Association roles of the spatial object type GeologicUnit

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

composition

Describes composition of the geologic unit.

CompositionPart

voidable

4.2.1.9.   Geomorphologic Feature (GeomorphologicFeature)

An abstract spatial object type describing the shape and nature of the Earth's land surface (i.e. a landform).

This type is a sub-type of GeologicFeature.

This type is abstract.

4.2.1.10.   Mapped Feature (MappedFeature)

A spatial representation of a GeologicFeature.

Attributes of the spatial object type MappedFeature

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

shape

The geometry of the mapped feature.

GM_Object

 

mappingFrame

The surface on which the mapped feature is projected.

MappingFrameValue

 

Association roles of the spatial object type MappedFeature

Association role

Definition

Type

Voidability

specification

A description association that links the mapped feature to a notional geologic feature.

GeologicFeature

 

4.2.1.11.   Mapped Interval (MappedInterval)

A special kind of a mapped feature whose shape is a 1-D interval and which uses the spatial reference system of the containing borehole.

This type is a sub-type of MappedFeature.

4.2.1.12.   Natural Geomorphologic Feature (NaturalGeomorphologicFeature)

A geomorphologic feature (i.e. landform) that has been created by natural Earth processes.

This type is a sub-type of GeomorphologicFeature.

Attributes of the spatial object type NaturalGeomorphologicFeature

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

naturalGeomorphologicFeatureType

The type of the natural geomorphologic feature.

NaturalGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue

 

activity

The level of activity of the natural geomorphologic feature.

GeomorphologicActivityValue

voidable

4.2.1.13.   Shear Displacement Structure (ShearDisplacementStructure)

Brittle to ductile style structures along which displacement has occurred.

This type is a sub-type of GeologicStructure.

Attributes of the spatial object type ShearDisplacementStructure

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

faultType

Refers to a vocabulary of terms describing the type of shear displacement structure.

FaultTypeValue

 

4.2.2.   Data types

4.2.2.1.   Composition Part (CompositionPart)

The composition of a geologic unit in terms of lithological constituents.

Attributes of the data type CompositionPart

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

material

The material that comprises part or all of the geologic unit.

LithologyValue

 

proportion

Quantity that specifies the fraction of the geologic unit composed of the material.

QuantityRange

voidable

role

The relationship of the composition part to the geologic unit composition as a whole.

CompositionPartRoleValue

 

4.2.2.2.   Thematic Class (ThematicClass)

A generic thematic classifier to enable the reclassification of Geologic Features with user defined classes appropriate to thematic maps.

Attributes of the data type ThematicClass

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

themeClass

The value of the thematic class.

ThematicClassValue

 

themeClassification

The used classification

ThematicClassificationValue

 

4.2.3.   Code lists

4.2.3.1.   Anthropogenic Geomorphologic Feature Type (AnthropogenicGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue)

Types of anthropogenic geomorphologic features.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list AnthropogenicGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

artificialCollapsedDepression

artificial collapsed depression

A collapse basin, commonly a closed depression, which is the direct result of surficial subsidence associated with subsurface mining or tunneling.

artificialDrainage

artificial drainage

Human-made network built primarily to lower or control the local water table.

artificialLevee

artificial levee

An artificial embankment constructed along the bank of a watercourse or an arm of the sea, to protect land from inundation or to confine streamflow to its channel.

dredgedChannel

dredged channel

A roughly linear, deep water area formed by a dredging operation for navigation purposes

dump

dump

An area of smooth or uneven accumulations or piles of waste rock, earthy material, or general refuse that without major reclamation are incapable of supporting plants.

fill

fill

Human-constructed deposits of natural earth materials and/or waste materials used to fill a depression, to extend shore land into a body of water, or in building dams.

impactCraterAnthropogenic

impact crater (anthropogenic)

A generally circular or elliptical depression formed by hypervelocity impact of an experimental projectile or ordnance into earthy or rock material.

landfillSite

landfill site

Waste disposal site used for the controlled deposit of the waste onto or into land.

levelledLand

levelled land

A land area, usually a field, that has been mechanically flattened or smoothed to facilitate management practices such as flood irrigation.

openpitMine

openpit mine

A relatively large depression resulting from the excavation of material and redistribution of overburden associated with surficial mining operations.

pit

pit

A depression, ditch or pit excavated to furnish gravel, sand or other materials for roads or other construction purposes; a type of borrow pit.

quarry

quarry

Excavation areas, open to the sky, usually for the extraction of stone.

reclaimedLand

reclaimed land

A land area composed of earthy fill material that has been placed and shaped to approximate natural contours, commonly part of land-reclamation efforts after mining operations. Or a land area, commonly submerged in its native state, that has been protected by artificial structures and drained for agricultural or other purposes.

reservoirLake

reservoir lake

An inland body of permanently standing water, usually fresh, occupying a depression on the Earth’s surface closed by a dam.

spoilBank

spoil bank

A bank, mound, or other artificial accumulation of rock debris and earthy dump deposits removed from ditches, strip mines, or other excavations.

subsidenceAreaAnthropogenic

subsidence area (anthropogenic)

An area subject to a process of subsidence induced by anthropogenic activities, for example subsurface mining, tunneling, hydrocarbon or groundwater production.

4.2.3.2.   Borehole Purpose (BoreholePurposeValue)

Purposes for which a borehole was drilled.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

This code list is hierarchical.

Values for the code list BoreholePurposeValue

Value

Name

Definition

Parent

geologicalSurvey

geological survey

General examination of an area's geological entities.

 

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

exploration and exploitation of raw material

The discovery and identification of mineral resources, including the assessment of their importance and the evaluation of their economic potential.

 

explorationExploitationEnergyResources

exploration and exploitation of energy resources

Examination of the subsurface with regard to the availability of fossil energy resources and planning the extraction thereof.

 

hydrocarbonProduction

hydrocarbon production

Production of petroleum oil and/or gas.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

hydrocarbonExploration

hydrocarbon exploration

Exploration in an unproved area to test for a new field, a new pay, a deeper reservoir, or a shallower reservoir.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

hydrocarbonAppraisal

hydrocarbon appraisal

Assessment of characteristics of a proven hydrocarbon accumulation.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

geothermalEnergy

geothermal energy, geothermal heat exchangers

Exploration pertaining to the utilization of geothermal energy resources and design of geothermal heat pumps.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

heatStorage

heat storage

Well to enable the underground to be used for heat storage.

geothermalEnergy

mineralExplorationExtraction

mineral exploration and extraction

Well drilled for the purpose of locating and/or extracting mineral resources from the subsurface, usually through the injection and/or extraction of mineral bearing fluids.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

explorationExploitationNonmetallicMineralDeposits

exploration and exploitation of nonmetallic mineral deposits

Prospecting with regard to the availability and planning for excavation of nonmetallic mineral deposits, mainly for construction purposes, building stones, cement and ceramic or glass industry.

explorationExploitationRawMaterial

disposal

disposal

A well, often a depleted oil or gas well, into which waste fluids can be injected for safe disposal.

 

explorationNaturalUndergroundStorage

exploration of natural underground storage space

Examination of the subsurface's ability to store various materials.

 

waterSupply

water supply

Water supply in general.

 

drinkingWaterSupply

drinking water supply

Well construction for drinking water.

waterSupply

industrialWaterSupply

industrial water supply

Well construction for industrial water supply.

waterSupply

aquaculture

aquaculture

To supply water to aquaculture purposes.

waterSupply

irrigation

irrigation

Well construction for irrigation purposes.

waterSupply

emergencyWaterSupply

emergency water supply

Well construction for emergency water supply.

waterSupply

contingencyWaterSupply

contingency water supply

Stand-by water supply in case of water deficiency.

waterSupply

geophysicalSurvey

geophysical survey

Examination of the subsurface's geophysical properties.

 

shotHole

shot hole

In connection with seismic surveys explosives are loaded into shot holes.

geophysicalSurvey

flowingShot

flowing shot

A flowing shot hole is a drilled hole for seismic purposes that has entered an underground water source that has sufficient pressure to cause the hole to “overflow”.

shotHole

hydrogeologicalSurvey

hydrogeological survey, water management

Examination of groundwater flow, the chemical properties of ground water, and transport of particles, solutes, and energy, as well as the management of the sustainable use of ground water resources.

 

geotechnicalSurvey

geotechnical survey, construction site characterization

Geotechnical investigations performed to obtain information on the physical and mechanical properties of soil and rock around a site to design earthworks and foundations for proposed structures and for repair of distress to earthworks and structures caused by subsurface conditions.

 

geochemicalSurvey

geochemical survey, analyses

Examination of chemical properties of the rock formation and /or the porosity fluids.

 

pedologicalSurvey

pedological survey

Investigation to characterize types of soils.

 

environmentalMonitoring

environmental monitoring

Groundwater chemistry and groundwater level is monitored.

 

pollutionMonitoring

pollution monitoring

Monitoring of known pollution sites.

environmentalMonitoring

waterQualityMonitoring

water quality monitoring

Monitoring to assess the nature and distribution of pollutants and contaminants in groundwater; the nature and distribution of naturally occurring chemical constituents; subsurface hydrologic conditions, and hydraulic properties of strata as they relate to pollutant and contaminant movement.

environmentalMonitoring

groundwaterLevelMonitoring

groundwater level monitoring

Construction of a gauge for recording groundwater level changes.

environmentalMonitoring

dewatering

dewatering

Dewatering is the removal of water from solid material or soil by wet classification, centrifugation, filtration, or similar solid-liquid separation processes. Removing or draining water from a riverbed, construction site, caisson, or mine shaft, by pumping or evaporation.

 

mitigation

mitigation

Lowering of the groundwater level to prevent the groundwater table to reach polluted sites.

dewatering

remediation

remediation

Remediation in general. The removal of pollution or contaminants from groundwater, soil and other rock

 

thermalCleaning

sparging, thermal cleaning

A kind of remediation. In situ cleaning of soil using heat, steam.

remediation

recharge

recharge

(a)

Aquifer Recharge Wells: Used to recharge depleted aquifers by injecting water from a variety of sources such as lakes, streams, domestic wastewater treatment plants, other aquifers, etc.

(b)

Saline Water Intrusion Barrier Wells: Used to inject water into fresh water aquifers to prevent intrusion of salt water into fresh water aquifers.

(c)

Subsidence Control Wells: Used to inject fluids into a non-oil or gas-producing zone to reduce or eliminate subsidence associated with overdraft of fresh water.

 

4.2.3.3.   Collection Type (CollectionTypeValue)

Types of collections of geological and geophysical objects.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list CollectionTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

boreholeCollection

borehole collection

Collection of boreholes

geologicalModel

geological model

Collection of objects for a 3D geological spatial model

geologicalMap

geological map

Collection of features for a geological map which described geological units, structures geomorphologic features, etc.

geophysicalObjectCollection

geophysical object collection

Collection of geophysical objects

4.2.3.4.   Composition Part Role (CompositionPartRoleValue)

Roles that a compositional part plays in a geologic unit.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

This code list is hierarchical.

Values for the code list CompositionPartRoleValue

Value

Name

Definition

Parent

onlyPart

only part

Entire described unit consists of a single part or constituent.

 

partOf

part of

The geologic unit part role is not known in any greater detail.

 

facies

facies

Represents a particular body of rock that is a lateral variant of a lithostratigraphic unit, or a variant of a lithodemic unit.

partOf

inclusion

inclusion

Geologic unit constituent is present as masses with generally sharp boundaries enclosed within a matrix of some other material.

partOf

lithosome

lithosome

A kind of rock body that has multiple occurrences in a single geologic unit. A mass of rock of uniform character, characterized by geometry, composition, and internal structure.

partOf

stratigraphicPart

stratigraphic part

A geologic unit part that occupies a particular stratigraphic position within a geologic unit.

partOf

unspecifiedPartRole

unspecified part role

Geologic unit part with unspecified role.

partOf

4.2.3.5.   Event Environment (EventEnvironmentValue)

Terms for the geologic environments within which geologic events take place.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Data providers may also use the narrower values specified for this code list in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Geology.

Values for the code list EventEnvironmentValue

Value

Name

Definition

earthInteriorSetting

earth interior setting

Geologic environments within the solid Earth.

earthSurfaceSetting

earth surface setting

Geologic environments on the surface of the solid Earth.

extraTerrestrialSetting

extra-terrestrial setting

Material originated outside of the Earth or its atmosphere.

tectonicallyDefinedSetting

tectonically defined setting

Setting defined by relationships to tectonic plates on or in the Earth.

4.2.3.6.   Event Process (EventProcessValue)

Terms specifying the process or processes that occurred during an event.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Data providers may also use the narrower values specified for this code list in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Geology.

Values for the code list EventProcessValue

Value

Name

Definition

bolideImpact

bolide impact

The impact of an extraterrestrial body on the surface of the earth.

deepWaterOxygenDepletion

deep water oxygen depletion

Process of removal of oxygen from from the deep part of a body of water.

deformation

deformation

Movement of rock bodies by displacement on fault or shear zones, or change in shape of a body of earth material.

diageneticProcess

diagenetic process

Any chemical, physical, or biological process that affects a sedimentary earth material after initial deposition, and during or after lithification, exclusive of weathering and metamorphism.

extinction

extinction

Process of disappearance of a species or higher taxon, so that it no longer exists anywhere or in the subsequent fossil record.

geomagneticProcess

geomagnetic process

Process that results in change in Earth's magnetic field.

humanActivity

human activity

Processes of human modification of the earth to produce geologic features.

magmaticProcess

magmatic process

A process involving melted rock (magma).

metamorphicProcess

metamorphic process

Mineralogical, chemical, and structural adjustment of solid rocks to physical and chemical conditions that differ from the conditions under which the rocks in question originated, and are generally been imposed at depth, below the surface zones of weathering and cementation.

seaLevelChange

sea level change

Process of mean sea level changing relative to some datum.

sedimentaryProcess

sedimentary process

A phenomenon that changes the distribution or physical properties of sediment at or near the earth's surface.

speciation

speciation

Process that results inappearance of new species.

tectonicProcess

tectonic process

Processes related to the interaction between or deformation of rigid plates forming the crust of the Earth.

weathering

weathering

The process or group of processes by which earth materials exposed to atmospheric agents at or near the Earth's surface are changed in color, texture, composition, firmness, or form, with little or no transport of the loosened or altered material. Processes typically include oxidation, hydration, and leaching of soluble constituents.

4.2.3.7.   Fault Type (FaultTypeValue)

Terms describing the type of shear displacement structure.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Data providers may also use the narrower values specified for this code list in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Geology.

This code list is hierarchical.

Values for the code list FaultTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

Parent

fault

fault

A discrete surface, or zone of discrete surfaces, with some thickness, separating two rock masses across which one mass has slid past the other.

 

extractionFault

extraction fault

A fault whose two sides have approached each other substantially in the direction perpendicular to the fault.

fault

highAngleFault

high angle fault

Fault that dips at least 45 degrees over more than half of its recognized extent, for which slip or separation is not explicitly specified.

fault

lowAngleFault

low angle fault

Fault that dips less than 45 degrees over more than half of the recognized extent of the fault.

fault

obliqueSlipFault

oblique slip fault

Fault with slip vector that has ratio of strike-parallel to dip-parallel displacement between 10 to 1 and 1 to 10 at at least one location along the mapped trace of the fault.

fault

reverseFault

reverse fault

Fault with dip-parallel displacement component of slip vector more than 10 times the strike-parallel component of the slip vector at at least one location along the mapped trace of the fault, and the fault dips consistently in the same direction with the hanging wall displaced up relative to the footwall over at least half the mapped trace of the fault.

fault

scissorFault

scissor fault

A fault on which there is increasing offset or separation along the strike from an initial point of no offset, with the opposite sense of offset in the opposite direction.

fault

strikeSlipFault

strike slip fault

Fault with strike-parallel displacement component of slip vector more than 10 times the dip-parallel component of the slip vector at at least one location along the mapped trace of the fault.

fault

4.2.3.8.   Fold Profile Type (FoldProfileTypeValue)

Terms specifying the type of fold.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list FoldProfileTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

anticline

anticline

A fold, general convex upward, whose core contains the stratigraphically older rocks.

antiform

antiform

Any convex-upward, concave downward fold.

syncline

syncline

A fold of which the core contains the stratigraphically younger rocks; it is generally concave upward.

synform

synform

Any fold whose limbs close at the bottom.

4.2.3.9.   Geochronologic Era (GeochronologicEraValue)

Terms specifying recognised geological time units.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in Cohen, K.M., Finney, S. & Gibbard, P.L., International Chronostratigraphic Chart, August 2012, International Commission on Stratigraphy of the International Union of Geological Sciences, 2012 and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Data providers may use the additional values for Pre-Cambrian rocks and Quaternary units specified in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Geology.

4.2.3.10.   Geologic Unit Type (GeologicUnitTypeValue)

Terms describing the type of geologic unit.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

This code list is hierarchical.

Values for the code list GeologicUnitTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

Parent

geologicUnit

geologic unit

Type of geologic unit that is unknown, unspecified, irrelevant, or some type not included in the vocabulary.

 

allostratigraphicUnit

allostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit defined by bounding surfaces. Not necessarily stratified.

geologicUnit

alterationUnit

alteration unit

Geologic unit defined by alteration process.

geologicUnit

biostratigraphicUnit

biostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit defined based on fossil content.

geologicUnit

chronostratigraphicUnit

chronostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit that includes all rocks formed during a specific interval of geologic time

geologicUnit

geophysicalUnit

geophysical unit

Geologic unit defined by its geophysical characteristics.

geologicUnit

magnetostratigraphicUnit

magnetostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit defined by magnetic characteristics.

geophysicalUnit

lithogeneticUnit

lithogenetic unit

Geologic unit defined by genesis. The genesis is manifested by material properties, but the material is not the defining property.

geologicUnit

artificialGround

artificial ground

Geologic unit defined by genesis involving direct human action to deposit or modify material.

lithogeneticUnit

excavationUnit

excavation unit

Geologic unit defined by human-made genesis involving excavation.

lithogeneticUnit

massMovementUnit

mass movement unit

Geologic unit produced by gravity driven, down-slope displacement of material, and characterized by the type of movement giving rise to the deposit, and by how the individual movement types present in the deposit are related in time and space.

lithogeneticUnit

lithologicUnit

lithologic unit

Geologic unit defined by lithology independent of relationships to other units.

geologicUnit

lithostratigraphicUnit

lithostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit defined on the basis of observable and distinctive lithologic properties or combination of lithologic properties and stratigraphic relationships.

geologicUnit

lithodemicUnit

lithodemic unit

Lithostratigraphic unit that lacks stratification

lithostratigraphicUnit

lithotectonicUnit

lithotectonic unit

Geologic unit defined on basis of structural or deformation features, mutual relations, origin or historical evolution. Contained material may be igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic.

geologicUnit

deformationUnit

deformation unit

Lithotectonic unit defined by deformation style or characteristic geologic structure observable in outcrop.

lithotectonicUnit

pedostratigraphicUnit

pedostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit that represents a single pedologic horizon in a sequence of strata (consolidated or non-consolidated).

geologicUnit

polarityChronostratigraphicUnit

polarity chronostratigraphic unit

Geologic unit defined by primary magnetic-polarity record imposed when the rock was deposited or crystallized during a specific interval of geologic time.

geologicUnit

4.2.3.11.   Geomorphologic Activity (GeomorphologicActivityValue)

Terms indicating the level of activity of a geomorphologic feature.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list GeomorphologicActivityValue

Value

Name

Definition

active

active

A geomorphologic process that is currently in a state of action, or that has been reactivated since a conventionally short period of time.

dormant

dormant

A geomorphologic process that has not shown signs of activity since a conventionally short period of time, and that could be reactivated by its original causes, or triggered by induced causes such as anthropogenic activities.

reactivated

reactivated

A reactivated geomorphologic process is an active geomorphologic process which has been dormant.

stabilised

stabilised

A stabilized geomorphologic process is an inactive process which has been protected from its original causes by remedial measures.

inactive

inactive

A relict or fossil geomorphologic process.

4.2.3.12.   Lithology (LithologyValue)

Terms describing the lithology.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Data providers may also use the narrower values specified for this code list in the INSPIRE Technical Guidance document on Geology.

This code list is hierarchical.

Values for the code list LithologyValue

Value

Name

Definition

Parent

compoundMaterial

compound material

An earth material composed of an aggregation of particles of earth material, possibly including other Compound Materials.

 

anthropogenicMaterial

anthropogenic material

Material known to have artificial (human-related) origin; insufficient information to classify in more detail.

compoundMaterial

anthropogenicConsolidatedMaterial

anthropogenic consolidated material

Consolidated material known to have artificial (human-related) origin.

anthropogenicMaterial

anthropogenicUnconsolidatedMaterial

anthropogenic unconsolidated material

Unconsolidated material known to have artificial (human-related) origin.

anthropogenicMaterial

breccia

breccia

Coarse-grained material composed of angular broken rock fragments; the fragments typically have sharp edges and unworn corners.

compoundMaterial

compositeGenesisMaterial

composite genesis material

Material of unspecified consolidation state formed by geological modification of pre-existing materials outside the realm of igneous and sedimentary processes.

compoundMaterial

compositeGenesisRock

composite genesis rock

Rock formed by geological modification of pre-existing rocks outside the realm of igneous and sedimentary processes.

compositeGenesisMaterial

faultRelatedMaterial

fault-related material

Material formed as a result of brittle faulting, composed of greater than 10 percent matrix; matrix is fine-grained material caused by tectonic grainsize reduction.

compositeGenesisMaterial

impactGeneratedMaterial

impact generated material

Material that contains features indicative of shock metamorphism, such as microscopic planar deformation features within grains or shatter cones, interpreted to be the result of extraterrestrial bolide impact. Includes breccias and melt rocks.

compositeGenesisMaterial

materialFormedInSurficialEnvironment

material formed in surficial environment

Material that is the product of weathering processes operating on pre-existing rocks or deposits, analogous to hydrothermal or metasomatic rocks, but formed at ambient Earth surface temperature and pressure.

compositeGenesisMaterial

rock

rock

Consolidated aggregate of one or more earth materials, or a body of undifferentiated mineral matter, or of solid organic material.

compoundMaterial

aphanite

aphanite

Rock that is too fine grained to categorize in more detail.

rock

sedimentaryRock

sedimentary rock

Rock formed by accumulation and cementation of solid fragmental material deposited by air, water or ice, or as a result of other natural agents, such as precipitation from solution, the accumulation of organic material, or from biogenic processes, including secretion by organisms.

rock

tuffite

tuffite

Rock consists of more than 50 percent particles of indeterminate pyroclastic or epiclastic origin and less than 75 percent particles of clearly pyroclastic origin.

rock

sedimentaryMaterial

sedimentary material

Material formed by accumulation of solid fragmental material deposited by air, water or ice, or material that accumulated by other natural agents such as chemical precipitation from solution or secretion by organisms.

compoundMaterial

carbonateSedimentaryMaterial

carbonate sedimentary material

Sedimentary material in which at least 50 percent of the primary and/or recrystallized constituents are composed of one (or more) of the carbonate minerals calcite, aragonite and dolomite, in particles of intrabasinal origin.

sedimentaryMaterial

chemicalSedimentaryMaterial

chemical sedimentary material

Sedimentary material that consists of at least 50 percent material produced by inorganic chemical processes within the basin of deposition. Includes inorganic siliceous, carbonate, evaporite, iron-rich, and phosphatic sediment classes.

sedimentaryMaterial

clasticSedimentaryMaterial

clastic sedimentary material

Sedimentary material of unspecified consolidation state in which at least 50 percent of the constituent particles were derived from erosion, weathering, or mass-wasting of pre-existing earth materials, and transported to the place of deposition by mechanical agents such as water, wind, ice and gravity.

sedimentaryMaterial

nonClasticSiliceousSedimentaryMaterial

non-clastic siliceous sedimentary material

Sedimentary material that consists of at least 50 percent silicate mineral material, deposited directly by chemical or biological processes at the depositional surface, or in particles formed by chemical or biological processes within the basin of deposition.

sedimentaryMaterial

organicRichSedimentaryMaterial

organic rich sedimentary material

Sedimentary material in which 50 percent or more of the primary sedimentary material is organic carbon.

sedimentaryMaterial

igneousMaterial

igneous material

Earth material formed as a result of igneous processes, e.g. intrusion and cooling of magma in the crust, volcanic eruption.

compoundMaterial

fragmentalIgneousMaterial

fragmental igneous material

Igneous material of unspecified consolidation state in which greater than 75 percent of the rock consists of fragments produced as a result of igneous rock-forming process.

igneousMaterial

acidicIgneousMaterial

acidic igneous material

Igneous material with more than 63 percent SiO2.

igneousMaterial

basicIgneousMaterial

basic igneous material

Igneous material with between 45 and 52 percent SiO2.

igneousMaterial

igneousRock

igneous rock

Rock formed as a result of igneous processes, for example intrusion and cooling of magma in the crust, or volcanic eruption.

igneousMaterial

intermediateCompositionIgneousMaterial

intermediate composition igneous material

Igneous material with between 52 and 63 percent SiO2.

igneousMaterial

unconsolidatedMaterial

unconsolidated material

CompoundMaterial composed of an aggregation of particles that do not adhere to each other strongly enough that the aggregate can be considered a solid in its own right.

compoundMaterial

naturalUnconsolidatedMaterial

natural unconsolidated material

Unconsolidated material known to have natural, i.e. not human-made, origin.

unconsolidatedMaterial

sediment

sediment

Unconsolidated material consisting of an aggregation of particles transported or deposited by air, water or ice, or that accumulated by other natural agents, such as chemical precipitation, and that forms in layers on the Earth's surface.

naturalUnconsolidatedMaterial

4.2.3.13.   Mapping Frame (MappingFrameValue)

Terms indicating the surface on which the MappedFeature is projected.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list MappingFrameValue

Value

Name

Definition

baseOfQuaternary

base of quaternary

Base of the predominantely unconsolidated sedimentary material of Quaternary age.

surfaceGeology

surface geology

Bedrock and superficial deposits that would be visible if the overlying soil was removed or are exposed at the topographic surface.

topOfBasement

top of basement

The surface in the crust of the Earth below sedimentary or volcanic deposits, or tectonically transported rock unit.

topOfBedrock

top of bedrock

Top surface of the usually solid rock that may either be exposed at the topographic surface or covered by other unconsolidated deposits.

4.2.3.14.   Natural Geomorphologic Feature Type (NaturalGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue)

Terms describing the type of natural geomorphologic feature.

The allowed values for this code list comprise the values specified in the table below and additional values at any level defined by data providers.

Values for the code list NaturalGeomorphologicFeatureTypeValue

Value

Name

Definition

naturalGeomorphologicFeature

natural geomorphologic feature

A geomorphologic feature produced by the natural dynamics.

drainagePattern

drainage pattern

The configuration or arrangement of stream courses in an area, including gullies or first-order channelized flow areas, higher order tributaries, and main streams.

constructionalFeature

constructional feature

Site of a landform that owes its origin, form, position, or general character to depositional (aggradational) processes, such as the accumulation of sediment

destructionalFeature

destructional feature

Site of a landform that owes its origin, form, position, or general character to the removal of material by erosion and weathering (degradation) processes resulting from the wearing-down or away of the land surface.

degradationFeature

degradation feature

A geomorphologic feature resulting from the wearing down or away, and the general lowering or reduction, of the Earth's surface by natural processes of weathering and erosion, and which may infer the processes of transportation of sediment.

relic

relic

A landform that has survived decay or disintegration, or one that has been left behind after the disappearance of the greater part of its substance such as a remnant island.

exhumedFeature

exhumed feature

Formerly buried landforms, geomorphologic surfaces, or paleosols that have been re-exposed by erosion of the covering mantle.

buriedFeature

buried feature

Landforms, geomorphologic surfaces, or paleosols covered by younger sediments.

pediment

pediment

A gently sloping erosional surface developed at the foot of a receding hill or mountain slope, commonly with a slightly concave-upward profile, that cross-cuts rock or sediment strata that extend beneath adjacent uplands.

erosional

erosional features

A land surface shaped by the action of erosion, especially by running water.

hill

hill

A generic term for an elevated area of the land surface, rising at least 30 metres to as much as 300 metres above surrounding lowlands, usually with a nominal summit area relative to bounding slopes, a well-defined, rounded outline and slopes that generally exceed 15 percent.

interfluve

interfluve

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of the uppermost, comparatively level or gently sloped area of a hill; shoulders of back wearing hill slopes can narrow the upland or merge resulting in a strongly convex shape.

crest

crest

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of the convex slopes (perpendicular to the contour) that form the narrow, roughly linear top area of a hill, ridge, or other upland where shoulders have converged to the extent that little or no summit remains; dominated by erosion, slope wash and mass movement processes and sediments

headSlope

head slope

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of a laterally concave area of a hillside, especially at the head of a drainage way, resulting in converging overland water flow.

sideSlope

side slope

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of a laterally planar area of a hillside, resulting in predominantly parallel overland water flow. Contour lines generally form straight lines.

noseSlope

nose slope

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of the projecting end (laterally convex area) of a hillside, resulting in predominantly divergent overland water flow; contour lines generally form convex curves.

freeFace

free face

A geomorphologic component of hills and mountains consisting of an outcrop of bare rock that sheds rock fragments and other sediments to, and commonly stands more steeply than the angle of repose of, the colluvial slope immediately below; most commonly found on shoulder and back slope positions, and can comprise part or all of a nose slope or side slope.

baseSlope

base slope

A geomorphologic component of hills consisting of the concave to linear slope (perpendicular to the contour) which, regardless of the lateral shape, is an area that forms an apron or wedge at the bottom of a hillside dominated by colluvial and slope wash processes and sediments

mountain

mountain

A generic term for an elevated area of the land surface, rising more than 300 metres above surrounding lowlands, usually with a nominal summit area relative to bounding slopes and generally with steep sides (greater than 25 percent slope) with or without considerable bare-rock exposed.

mountaintop

mountaintop

A geomorphologic component of mountains consisting of the uppermost, comparatively level or gently sloped area of mountains, characterized by relatively short, simple slopes composed of bare rock, residuum, or short-transport colluvial sediments.

mountainslope

mountainslope

A part of a mountain between the summit and the foot.

mountainflank

mountainflank

A geomorphologic component of mountains characterized by very long, complex back slopes with comparatively high slope gradients and composed of highly-diverse colluvial sediment mantles, rock outcrops or structural benches.

mountainbase

mountainbase

A geomorphologic component of mountains consisting of the strongly to slightly concave colluvial apron or wedge at the bottom of mountain slopes.

depression

depression

Any relatively sunken part of the Earth's surface; especially a low-lying area surrounded by higher ground.

plain

plain

Any flat area, large or small, at a low elevation; specifically an extensive region of comparatively smooth and level or gently undulaing land, having few or no prominent surface irregularities but sometimes having a considerable slope, and usually at a low elevation with reference to surrounding areas.

tectonicStructural

tectonic and structural features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to regional or local bedrock structures, or crustal movement; and geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related dominantly to water erosion but excluding perennial, channel flow (i.e. fluvial, glaciofluvial), or eolian erosion.

volcanic

volcanic features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to the deep seated (igneous) processes by which magma and associated gases rise through the crust and are extruded onto the earth's surface and into the atmosphere.

hydrothermal

hydrothermal features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to hydrothermal processes.

erosionSurface

erosion surface

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related dominantly to water erosion but excluding perennial channel flow (i.e. fluvial, glaciofluvial) or eolian erosion.

slopeGravitational

slope and gravitational features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to slope environments; geomorphologic landscapes and landforms developed under the action of the gravitational force.

nivalPeriglacialPermafrost

nival, periglacial and permafrost features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to snow, non-glacial, cold climate environments; geomorphologic landscapes and landforms occurring in the vicinity of glaciers and ice sheets; geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to ground, soil, or rock that remains at or below 0° C for at least two years.

glacial

glacial, glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine and glaciomarine features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to to glacial, glaciofluvial, glaciolacustrine and glaciomarine environments.

eolian

eolian features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to wind-dominated environments.

marineLittoralCoastalWetland

marine, littoral and coastal wetlands features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to wave or tidal dynamics developed in marine, shallow marine, near-shore and littoral zone environments, and those related to vegetated and / or shallow wet areas

karstChemicalWeathering

karst and chemical weathering features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms dominated by mineral dissolution, and commonly, subsurface drainage.

alluvialFluvial

alluvial and fluvial features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms dominantly related to concentrated water flow (channel flow).

lacustrine

lacustrine features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to inland permanent water bodies (lakes).

impact

impact features

Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to the impact of extraterrestrial material on the Earth's surface.

4.2.3.15.   Thematic Class (ThematicClassValue)

Values for thematic classification of geologic features.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

4.2.3.16.   Thematic Classification (ThematicClassificationValue)

List of thematic classifications for geologic features.

The allowed values for this code list comprise any values defined by data providers.

4.3.   Geophysics

4.3.1.   Spatial object types

The package Geophysics contains the following spatial object types:

Campaign

Geophysical Measurement

Geophysical Object

Geophysical Object Set

Geophysical Profile

Geophysical Station

Geophysical Swath

4.3.1.1.   Campaign (Campaign)

Geophysical activity extending over a limited time range and limited area for producing similar geophysical measurements, processing results or models.

This type is a sub-type of GeophObjectSet.

Attributes of the spatial object type Campaign

Attribute

Definition

Type

Voidability

campaignType

Type of activity to produce data.

CampaignTypeValue

 

surveyType

Type of geophysical survey.

SurveyTypeValue

 

client

Party for which data was created.

RelatedParty

voidable

contractor

Party by which data was created.

RelatedParty

voidable

Constraints of the spatial object type Campaign

The shape attribute shall be of type GM_Surface.

4.3.1.2.   Geophysical Object (GeophObject)

A generic class for geophysical objects.

This t