This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Lifelong learning — key competences
WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS RECOMMENDATION?
It urges EU governments to make teaching and learning of key competences part of their lifelong learning strategies. The recommendation identifies 8 key competences that are fundamental for each individual in a knowledge-based society.
Communicating in a mother tongue: ability to express and interpret concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions both orally and in writing.
Communicating in a foreign language: as above, but includes mediation skills (i.e. summarising, paraphrasing, interpreting or translating) and intercultural understanding.
Mathematical, scientific and technological competence:sound mastery of numeracy, an understanding of the natural world and an ability to apply knowledge and technology to perceived human needs (such as medicine, transport or communication).
Digital competence: confident and critical usage of information and communications technology for work, leisure and communication.
Learning to learn: ability to effectively manage one’s own learning, either individually or in groups.
Social and civic competences: ability to participate effectively and constructively in one’s social and working life and engage in active and democratic participation, especially in increasingly diverse societies.
Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship: ability to turn ideas into action through creativity, innovation and risk taking as well as ability to plan and manage projects.
Cultural awareness and expression: ability to appreciate the creative importance of ideas, experiences and emotions in a range of media such as music, literature and visual and performing arts.
In an increasingly globalised world, individuals need a wide range of skills to adapt and prosper in the rapidly changing environment. The original lifelong learning programme was designed to offer learning opportunities to people at any stage in their life.
For more information, see:
Recommendation 2006/962/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning (OJ L 394, 30.12.2006, pp. 10-18)
last update 10.10.2016