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Civil Service Tribunal  

The Civil Service Tribunal deals with disputes involving the EU civil service. This jurisdiction had previously been exercised by the Court of Justice and then, following its creation in 1989, by the Court of First Instance (now the General Court). The Tribunal, together with the Court of Justice and General Court, makes up the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Under Article 270 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), the Tribunal has jurisdiction to determine disputes between the EU and its employees. These may concern pay, recruitment, promotion, and social security entitlements regarding sickness, old age and family allowances.

The decisions given by the Tribunal may be subject to an appeal, limited to questions of law, to the General Court. The decisions on appeal by the General Court may in turn be re-examined before the Court of Justice, in exceptional circumstances. 

The Civil Service Tribunal is composed of 7 Judges appointed by the Council for a period of 6 years.