This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Decision 93/626/EEC marks the approval by the European Community (today EU) to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity signed in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. The decision confirms EU countries’ commitment to implement the convention’s articles.
The convention has 3 aims:
Biological diversity has major ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, leisure and aesthetic benefits.
The convention stipulates that each signatory government will:
The convention further provides that signatories shall:
National governments will facilitate access to their genetic resources for environmentally sound uses on mutually agreed terms, and subject to prior informed consent.
Parties shall ensure fair sharing of monetary and non-monetary benefits from the use (research and development) of those genetic resources.
National governments agree to:
The Global Environment Facility provides financial resources to developing countries to implement the convention. Its core budget comes from national governments with significant additional voluntary contributions.
The convention entered into force on 29 December 1993.
Two protocols have been agreed under the convention. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety governs the movements of living modified organisms from modern biotechnology from one country to another. The second is the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing. The EU is party to both.
In October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, the parties to the convention agreed on a 10-year strategic plan to combat biodiversity loss and defined 20 targets, known as the Aichi targets, to achieve this objective. These commitments are reflected in the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020.
For more information, see:
Council Decision 93/626/EEC of 25 October 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on Biological Diversity (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, pp. 1-2)
Convention on biological diversity (OJ L 309, 13.12.1993, pp. 3-20)
Cartagena protocol on biosafety to the convention on biological diversity (OJ L 201, 31.7.2002, pp. 50-65)
Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity (OJ L 150, 20.5.2014, pp. 234-249)
Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species (OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, pp. 35-55)
Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
last update 10.07.2020