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Employment Committee

Article 150 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provides for the establishment of the Employment Committee by the Council to advise EU Employment and Social Affairs Ministers in the Employment and Social Affairs Council (EPSCO).

The Committee assists with the coordination of European Union (EU) countries' employment and labour market policies. It has a key role to play in advising on the employment aspects of the European Semester.

Its main tasks include:

  • assisting EPSCO in its work relating to the European Semester (Employment Guidelines, country-specific employment policy recommendations (CSRs), opinion on National Reform Programmes, etc.)
  • preparing the Joint Employment Report;
  • preparing draft EPSCO conclusions on the Annual Growth Survey;
  • providing multilateral surveillance of EU countries' implementation of CSRs and preparing the next year's CSRs.

The Committee also formulates opinions at the request of either the Council or the Commission or on its own initiative.

It is made up of two representatives of each EU country and two representatives of the Commission. It consults the social partners at European level in order to carry out its work successfully.