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Glossary of summaries

Glossary of summaries


Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union lists the various forms that EU acts may take. Recommendations are one of two forms of non-binding EU acts cited in the article, the other form being opinions. Although recommendations do not have legal consequences, they may offer guidance on the interpretation or content of EU law.

The European Commission issues recommendations on subjects as wide-ranging as the rights of suspects in criminal cases, policy guidance on individual EU countries’ public finances and promoting zero-energy buildings.

Other EU institutions, such as the European Parliament, the Council and the European Central Bank, also issue recommendations.