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Glossary of summaries

Pre-accession assistance

Pre-accession assistance helps candidate countries and potential candidates for European Union membership to satisfy the accession conditions (the Copenhagen criteria). Considerable investment is required if these countries are to bring their institutions and standards in line with the EU acquis and to be able to meet their obligations as member countries.

Pre-accession financial assistance is a key element of the EU’s pre-accession strategy and is provided by means of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA).

For the period 2014-20, IPA II (IPA I covered the 2007-13 period) has a budget of €11.7  billion. Its beneficiaries are: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo*, Montenegro,  Serbia and Turkey.

A 7-year country strategy is agreed with each country covering aspects that need to be addressed, such as democracy and governance, the rule of law and growth and competitiveness.

(*) This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.