This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Glossary of summaries
As is the case in national parliaments, the European Parliament (EP) sets up parliamentary committees.
The political groups and the non-attached Members of the EP (MEPs) submit nominations for electing members to different committees at the beginning of a parliamentary term and 2½ years thereafter. On a proposal from its Conference of Presidents, the EP sets up various committees defining their size and powers reflecting, as far as possible, the composition of the EP.
Currently, there are 22 standing committees and one special committee, dealing with different areas of EU activities (e.g. Agriculture and Rural Development, Employment, and Social Affairs, Industry, Research and Energy, Constitutional Affairs, Legal Affairs, Budgets, Budgetary Control, etc.).
The following types exist:
The EP can also set up:
The committees produce reports that are piloted by a ‘Rapporteur’:
Committees meet when convened by their Chair or at the request of the President of the EP. The European Commission and the Council of the European Union are allowed to take part in meetings, if invited to do so.
Parliamentary committees conduct hearings of Commissioners-designate in their specialised areas prior to the EP's confirmation of a new European Commission.