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Glossary of summaries

Glossary of summaries

NOMENCLATURE OF TERRITORIAL UNITS FOR STATISTICS (NUTS)

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) was drawn up by the EU's statistical office (Eurostat) in order to provide a single uniform breakdown of territorial units for the production of regional statistics.

The territory of the EU is subdivided at 3 different geographical levels:

  • NUTS 1: major socio-economic regions with a population ranging from 3 to 7 million, e.g. German
  • NUTS 2: basic regions generally used for the application of regional policies with a population ranging from 800,000 to 3 million, e.g. Belgian
  • NUTS 3: small regions for specific diagnoses with a population ranging from 150,000 to 800,000, e.g. Bulgarian

Regions eligible for support under the EU's cohesion policy are defined at NUTS 2 level.

Regulation (EC) No 1059/2003 formally established the NUTS in 2003. It includes rules for amendments to the classification. These amendments can only take place after at least 3 years have passed on the previous version to ensure a minimum of stability, which supports data collection, the design of policy programmes and their implementation.

Since 2003, the NUTS has been updated several times.

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