This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Under Article 17 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU), the European Council acting by a qualified majority proposes to the European Parliament (EP) a candidate for President of the European Commission. The choice of candidate must take the result of the EP elections into account. The EP elects the proposed candidate by a majority of its members. If a majority is not obtained, the European Council must propose a new candidate within 1 month.
Further to proposals from EU countries, the Commission President must agree with the Council of the EU on the list of members of the Commission. His/her agreement is needed to appoint the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (who also becomes a Commission Vice-President).
Jean-Claude Juncker, former Luxembourg Prime Minister, was elected President for the period 1 November 2014 - 31 October 2019.