This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Glossary of summaries
The EU currently comprises 28 countries. Following the first 6 countries - Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands - a further 22 countries have joined the EU:
Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey have the status of candidate countries.
Accession negotiations with Iceland started in July 2010 and were then put on hold by the Icelandic government in May 2013. In March 2015, Iceland withdrew its application to join the EU.
Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo (as defined by UN Security Council Resolution 1244) have the status of potential candidate countries.
(1) The United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union and becomes a third country (non-EU country) as of 1 February 2020.