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Glossary of summaries

Glossary of summaries


Created in 1992 under the Treaty of Maastricht and established in 1994, the Committee of the Regions (CoR) must be consulted by the Commission, Council and Parliament on certain topics affecting local or regional interests (Article 307 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — TFEU).

These topics include: economic and social cohesion, employment, social policy, energy and telecommunications, vocational training, and, since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, issues such as climate change and civil protection. The CoR may also draw up opinions on its own initiative.

As set out in the Treaty, the maximum number of members of the CoR is 350 and the Council of the EU appoints the members for a 5-year term (Article 305 TFEU).

The CoR also has the right to bring legal actions before the Court of Justice of the European Union in two instances:

  • to protect its own institutional rights;
  • to ask for the annulment of new EU legislation, on the topics where it must be consulted, that it considers being in breach of the principle of subsidiarity.