This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
The creation of the area of freedom, security and justice derives from Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Articles 67–89). The area was created to ensure the absence of border control at internal borders while offering a high level of protection to citizens.
According to Article 3 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the objectives of the European Union (EU), the EU offers its citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers.
The absence of border control is ensured in conjunction with appropriate measures respecting external border control, asylum, immigration and preventing and combating crime, while also including judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters and police cooperation.