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Document 01989L0656-20191120

Consolidated text: Council Directive of 30 November 1989 on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) (89/656/EEC)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/1989/656/2019-11-20

01989L0656 — EN — 20.11.2019 — 003.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

of 30 November 1989

on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)

(89/656/EEC)

(OJ L 393 30.12.1989, p. 18)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

DIRECTIVE 2007/30/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL  of 20 June 2007

  L 165

21

27.6.2007

►M2

REGULATION (EU) 2019/1243 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL  of 20 June 2019

  L 198

241

25.7.2019

►M3

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2019/1832 of 24 October 2019

  L 279

35

31.10.2019


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 059, 6.3.1991, p.  24  (1989/656)




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COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

of 30 November 1989

on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)

(89/656/EEC)



SECTION I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject

1.  
This Directive, which is the third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC, lays down minimum requirements for personal protective equipment used by workers at work.
2.  
The provisions of Directive 89/391/EEC are fully applicable to the whole scope referred to in paragraph 1, without prejudice to more ►C1  stringent ◄ and/or specific provisions contained in this Directive.

Article 2

Definition

1.  
For the purposes of this Directive, personal protective equipment shall mean all equipment designed to be worn or held by the worker to protect him against one or more hazards likely to endanger his safety and health at work, and any addition or accessory designed to meet this objective.
2.  

The definition in paragraph 1 excludes:

(a) 

ordinary working clothes and uniforms not specifically designed to protect the safety and health of the worker;

(b) 

equipment used by emergency and rescue services;

(c) 

personal protective equipment worn or used by the military, the police and other public order agencies;

(d) 

personal protective equipment for means of road transport;

(e) 

sports equipment;

(f) 

self-defence or deterrent equipment;

(g) 

portable devices for detecting and signalling risks and nuisances.

Article 3

General rule

Personal protective equipment shall be used when the risks cannot be avoided or sufficiently limited by technical means of collective protection or by measures, methods or procedures of work organization.

SECTION II

EMPLOYERS’ OBLIGATIONS

Article 4

General provisions

1.  
Personal protective equipment must comply with the relevant Community provisions on design and manufacture with respect to safety and health.

All personal protective equipment must:

(a) 

be appropriate for the risks involved, without itself leading to any increased risk;

(b) 

correspond to existing conditions at the workplace;

(c) 

take account of ergonomic requirements and the worker's state of health;

(d) 

fit the wearer correctly after any necessary adjustment.

2.  
Where the presence of more than one risk makes it necessary for a worker to wear simultaneously more than one item of personal protective equipment, such equipment must be compatible and continue to be effective against the risk or risks in question.
3.  
The conditions of use of personal protective equipment, in particular the period for which it is worn, shall be determined on the basis of the seriousness of the risk, the frequency of exposure to the risk, the characteristics of the workstation of each worker and the performance of the personal protective equipment.
4.  
Personal protective equipment is, in principle, intended for personal use.

If the circumstances require personal protective equipment to be worn by more than one person, appropriate measures shall be taken to ensure that such use does not create any health or hygiene problem for the different users.

5.  
Adequate information on each item of personal protective equipment, required under paragraphs 1 and 2, shall be provided and made available within the undertaking and/or establishment.
6.  
Personal protective equipment shall be provided free of charge by the employer, who shall ensure its good working order and satisfactory hygienic condition by means of the necessary maintenance, repair and replacements.

However, Member States may provide, in accordance with their national practice, that the worker be asked to contribute towards the cost of certain personal protective equipment in circumstances where use of the equipment is not exclusive to the workplace.

7.  
The employer shall first inform the worker of the risks against which the wearing of the personal protective equipment protects him.
8.  
The employer shall arrange for training and shall, if appropriate, organize demonstrations in the wearing of personal protective equipment.
9.  
Personal protective equipment may be used only for the purposes specified, except in specific and exceptional circumstances.

It must be used in accordance with instructions.

Such instructions must be understandable to the workers.

Article 5

Assessment of personal protective equipment

1.  
Before choosing personal protective equipment, the employer is required to assess whether the personal protective equipment he intends to use satisfies the requirements of Article 4(1) and (2).

This assessment shall involve:

(a) 

an analysis and assessment of risks which cannot be avoided by other means;

(b) 

the definition of the characteristics which personal protective equipment must have in order to be effective against the risks referred to in (a), taking into account any risks which this equipment itself may create;

(c) 

comparison of the characteristics of the personal protective equipment available with the characteristics referred to in (b).

2.  
The assessment provided for in paragraph 1 shall be reviewed if any changes are made to any of its elements.

Article 6 ( *1 )

Rules for use

1.  
Without prejudice to Articles 3, 4 and 5, Member States shall ensure that general rules are established for the use of personal protective equipment and/or rules covering cases and situations where the employer must provide the personal protective equipment, taking account of Community legislation on the free movement of such equipment.

These rules shall indicate in particular the circumstances or the risk situations in which, without prejudice to the priority to be given to collective means of protection, the use of personal protective equipment is necessary.

Annexes I, II and III, which constitute a guide, contain useful information for establishing such rules.

2.  
When Member States adapt the rules referred to in paragraph 1, they shall take account of any significant changes to the risk, collective means of protection and personal protective equipment brought about by technological developments.
3.  
Member States shall consult the employers' and workers' organization on the rules referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2.

Article 7

Information for workers

Without prejudice to Article 10 of Directive 89/391/EEC, workers and/or their representatives shall be informed of all measures to be taken with regard to the health and safety of workers when personal protective equipment is used by workers at work.

Article 8

Consultation of workers and workers' participation

Consultation and participation of workers and/or of their representatives shall take place in accordance with Article 11 of Directive 89/391/EEC on the matters covered by this Directive, including the Annexes thereto.

SECTION III

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

▼M2

Article 9

Amendments to the Annexes

The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9a to make strictly technical amendments to the Annexes, in order to take account of technical harmonisation and standardisation relating to personal protective equipment, technical progress, changes in international regulations or specifications and knowledge in the field of personal protective equipment.

Where, in duly justified and exceptional cases involving imminent, direct and serious risks to workers’ and other persons’ physical health and safety, imperative grounds of urgency require action in a very short timeframe, the procedure provided for in Article 9b shall apply to delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Article.

▼M2

Article 9a

Exercise of the delegation

1.  
The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.
2.  
The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 9 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from 26 July 2019. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.
3.  
The delegation of power referred to in Article 9 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.
4.  
Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making ( 1 ).
5.  
As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.
6.  
A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 9 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Article 9b

Urgency procedure

1.  
Delegated acts adopted under this Article shall enter into force without delay and shall apply as long as no objection is expressed in accordance with paragraph 2. The notification of a delegated act to the European Parliament and the Council shall state the reasons for the use of the urgency procedure.
2.  
Either the European Parliament or the Council may object to a delegated act in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 9a(6). In such a case, the Commission shall repeal the act immediately following the notification of the decision to object by the European Parliament or by the Council.

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Article 10

Final provisions

1.  
Member States shall bring; into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive not later than 31 December 1992. They shall immediately inform the Commission thereof.
2.  
Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the provisions of national law which they adopt, as well as those already adopted, in the field covered by this Directive.

▼M1 —————

▼B

Article 11

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

▼M3




ANNEX I

RISKS IN RELATION TO THE BODY PARTS TO BE PROTECTED BY PPE (*)

(*) This list of risks/parts of the body cannot be expected to be exhaustive.

The risk assessment will determine the need to provide a PPE and its characteristics according to the provisions of this Directive.

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ANNEX II

NON-EXHAUSTIVE LIST OF TYPES OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT WITH REGARD TO THE RISKS THEY PROVIDE PROTECTION AGAINST

Equipment for HEAD PROTECTION

— 
Helmets and/or caps/balaclavas/headgears against:
— 
Impacts caused by falling or ejected object
— 
Collision with an obstacle
— 
Mechanical risks (perforation, abrasion)
— 
Static compression (lateral crushing)
— 
Thermal risks (fire, heat, cold, hot solids including molten metals)
— 
Electric shock and live working
— 
Chemical risks
— 
Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)
— 
Hairnets against risk of entanglement

Equipment for HEARING PROTECTION

— 
Earmuffs (including e.g. earmuffs attached to a helmet, active noise reduction earmuffs, earmuffs with electrical audio input)
— 
Earplugs (including e.g. level-dependent earplugs, earplugs adapted to the individual)

Equipment for EYE AND FACE PROTECTION

— 
Spectacles, goggles and face shields (prescription lenses where appropriate) against:
— 
Mechanical risks
— 
Thermal risks
— 
Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)
— 
Ionizing radiation
— 
Solid aerosols and liquids of chemical and biological agents

Equipment for RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

— 
Filtering devices against:
— 
Particles
— 
Gases
— 
Particles and gases
— 
Solid and/or liquid aerosols
— 
Insulating devices, including with an air supply
— 
Self-rescue devices
— 
Diving equipment

Equipment for HAND AND ARM PROTECTION

— 
Gloves (including mittens and arm protection) against:
— 
Mechanical risks