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Document Ares(2022)2077610

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/... amending Annexes I, II, IV and V to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the technical requirements for vehicles produced in unlimited series, vehicles produced in small series, fully automated vehicles produced in small series and special purpose vehicles, and as regards software update

Please be aware that this draft act does not constitute the final position of the institution.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.CONTEXT OF THE DELEGATED ACT

This Regulation aims to set out the technical requirements to be applied for the purpose of EU type-approval of vehicles produced in small series and of special purpose vehicles with regard to the systems introduced by Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 of the European Parliament and of the Council and the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to it.

In accordance with Article 41(5), the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts amending Appendix 1 of Part I to Annex II to set out the technical requirements for vehicle categories M, N and O and amending point 1 of Part A of Annex V accordingly as regards the quantitative annual limits.

In addition, recital (35) of Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 also calls on the Commission, when laying down the requirements for vehicles produced in small quantities to give appropriate consideration to vehicles or classes of vehicles where those requirements are incompatible with the use or design of such vehicles, or where the additional burden imposed by them is disproportionate.

Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 is amended to introduce two new categories of trailers and one additional type of bodywork to take account of technical progress and regulatory development 1 . It is necessary, for the purpose of CO2 certification, to distinguish trailers and semi-trailers from link trailers used in EMS combinations.

The table in Annex II, Part I to Regulation (EU) 2018/858, containing the list of regulatory acts for EU type-approval of vehicles produced in unlimited series, is brought up-to-date to take into account technological and regulatory developments by introducing and updating the references to Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 and the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to it. In addition, the layout of the table is aligned to the format of the table in Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 in view to provide legal clarity and simplification.

Annex II, Part I, Appendix 1 to Regulation (EU) 2018/858, containing the requirements for EU type-approval of vehicles produced in small series is amended and complemented to take into account Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 and the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to it. In addition, the requirements for the EU whole vehicle type-approval of fully automated vehicles produced in small series are set out in a new Table 2 to that Appendix.

The requirements for EU type-approval of special purpose vehicles in the tables in Annex II, Part III, Appendices 1 to 6 to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 are amended and complemented to take into account Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 and the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to it.

The table in Annex II, Part II to Regulation (EU) 2018/858, containing the list of the UN Regulations recognised as an alternative to the Directives or Regulations referred to in Part I, is also updated.

Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 contains requirements relating to the conformity of production. In accordance with Article 31(8), the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 82, amending Annex IV to take account of technological and regulatory developments. As software update should be considered as a part of the production process, Annex IV should be amended so as to provide for procedures and arrangements that manufacturers should be required to implement to ensure the conformity and security of software update.

Annexes I, II, IV and V to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 are therefore amended in accordance with the Annexes to this Regulation.

This Regulation also provides transitional period of 2 years for the application of the requirements for new vehicle types (7 July 2024) and additional 2 years for all new vehicles produced in small series and special purpose vehicles (7 July 2026).

2.CONSULTATIONS PRIOR TO THE ADOPTION OF THE ACT

In the preparation of this act, the Commission carried out appropriate consultations with the Member States experts.

3.LEGAL ELEMENTS OF THE DELEGATED ACT

The legal basis of this delegated act is Articles 4(2), 5(3), 31(8) and 41(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) …/...

of XXX

amending Annexes I, II, IV and V to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the technical requirements for vehicles produced in unlimited series, vehicles produced in small series, fully automated vehicles produced in small series and special purpose vehicles, and as regards software update

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles, amending Regulations (EC) No 715/2007 and (EC) No 595/2009 and repealing Directive 2007/46/EC 2 , and in particular Article 4(2), Article 5(3), Article 31(8) and Article 41(5) thereof, 

Whereas:

(1)For the purpose of CO2 certification, as provided in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/… on the determination of the performance of heavy-duty trailers with regard to their influence on the CO2 emissions, fuel and energy consumption of motor vehicles 3 , it is necessary to distinguish trailers and semi-trailers from link trailers used in energy management systems (EMS) combinations. In order to take into account technical progress and regulatory developments, new types of bodywork should be added to the list of vehicles of category O as set out in Annex I, Part C, point 5, to Regulation (EU) 2018/858.

(2)The table set out in Annex II, Part I, to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 contains the list of requirements for EU type-approval of vehicles produced in unlimited series, with a list of corresponding regulatory acts. It is necessary to take into account technological and regulatory developments by updating some of the references in that table setting out the requirements for vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units. In particular, reference to Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 of the European Parliament and of the Council 4  should be introduced. Furthermore, for reasons of legal clarity and simplification, it is appropriate to align the layout of that table to the one contained in Annex II to that Regulation.

(3)The table set out in Annex II, Part I, Appendix 1, to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 contains the list of regulatory acts for EU type-approval of vehicles produced in small series pursuant to Article 41 of that Regulation. It is necessary to set out the technical requirements for the EU type-approval of such vehicles with respect to the systems provided for in Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 and in the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to that Regulation. It is also necessary to set out the requirements that should apply to the EU whole-vehicle type approval of fully automated vehicles produced in small series to allow for a progressive but quick introduction of the technology in line with the application dates set out in Regulation (EU) 2019/2144.

(4)The tables set out in Annex II, Part III, Appendices 1 to 6, to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 contain the specific requirements for EU type-approval of special purpose vehicles. Those requirements should be amended to take into account Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 and the delegated acts and implementing acts adopted pursuant to that Regulation.

(5)When setting out the requirements for vehicles produced in small series or special purpose vehicles, it is necessary to take into account the cases where the requirements provided for vehicles produced in large series are incompatible with the use or design of such vehicles, or where the additional burden imposed by them is disproportionate. For this reason, sufficient lead time should be provided to manufacturers of vehicles produced in small series and of special purpose vehicles to implement the requirements laid down in this Regulation. In addition, those requirements should first apply from 7 July 2024 to new types of vehicles and from 7 July 2026 for all new vehicles.

(6)In accordance with Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2019/2144, some of the UN Regulations listed in the table set out in Annex II, Part II, to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 should apply for the purposes of EU type-approval. Therefore, it is no longer necessary to recognise such UN Regulations as an alternative to the regulatory acts listed in Part I of that Annex and, consequently, they should be removed from that table.

(7)On the basis of Council Decision (EU) 2020/848 of 16 June 2020 5 , the position taken on behalf of the European Union in the relevant Committees of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe was in favour of UN Regulation No 156 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regards to software update and software update management system [2021/388] 6 , with the view to apply it for the purposes of EU type-approval. It is necessary to add UN Regulation No 156 to the list of regulatory acts setting out the requirements for the EU whole-vehicle type-approval. As Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 contains the requirements relating to arrangements to ensure conformity of production, it is appropriate to introduce a reference to UN Regulation No 156 in that Annex, as part of the procedures and arrangements that manufacturers are to put in place to ensure the conformity and security of software update.

(8)With technology development, motor vehicles are becoming increasingly complex using more electronic systems that require regular software update. Since such software update may affect the functioning of other approved systems and functionalities in the vehicles concerned, the manufacturers should establish a software update management system as part of their conformity of production process. Sufficient time should be provided to manufacturers to integrate such systems into the whole-vehicle type-approval and in particular in respect to new complete and new completed vehicles respectively.

(9)For the purpose of the EU whole-vehicle type-approval of fully automated vehicles of categories M2, M3, N2 and N3, it is necessary to set out in Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 the quantitative annual limits that should apply to those vehicles.

(10)Annexes I, II, IV and V to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 should therefore be amended in accordance with the Annexes to this Regulation,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/858

Regulation (EU) 2018/858 is amended as follows:

(1)    Annex I is amended in accordance with Annex I to this Regulation;

(2)    Annex II is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Regulation;

(3)    Annex IV is amended in accordance with Annex III to this Regulation;

(4)    Annex V is amended in accordance with Annex IV to this Regulation.

Article 2

Transitional provisions

1. With effect from 6 July 2022, national authorities shall refuse to grant EU whole-vehicle type-approval or national type-approval to any new type of vehicles, where the manufacturer executes software updates that affect type approved characteristics of those vehicles after their registration, if such vehicles do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

2. With effect from 6 July 2022, national authorities shall not refuse to grant extension to EU whole-vehicle type-approval or national type-approval to any new type of vehicles, where the manufacturer executes software updates that affect type approved characteristics of those vehicles after their registration, if such vehicles comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

3. With effect from 7 July 2024, national authorities shall consider, on grounds relating to software update, certificates of conformity in respect to new vehicles to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 48 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, and shall prohibit the registration, placing on the market or entry into service of vehicles, where the manufacturer executes software updates that affect type approved characteristics of those vehicles after their registration, if such vehicles do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

4. With effect from 7 July 2024, national authorities shall refuse, on grounds relating to software update, to grant EU whole-vehicle type-approval or national type-approval to any new type of vehicles, if those vehicles do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

5. With effect from 7 July 2024, national authorities shall refuse to grant EU whole-vehicle type-approval for vehicles produced in small series or special purpose vehicles, if those vehicles do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II, point (2), table 1, and point (4) to this Regulation.

6. With effect from 7 July 2026, national authorities shall consider certificates of conformity in respect to new vehicles produced in small series or special purpose vehicles to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 48 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, and shall prohibit the registration, placing on the market and entry into service of such vehicles, if those vehicles do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II, point (2), table 1, and point (4) to this Regulation.

7. With effect from 7 July 2026, national authorities shall consider, on grounds relating to software update, certificates of conformity in respect to new complete vehicles to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 48 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, and shall prohibit the placing on the market, registration and entry into service of such vehicles, if they do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

8. With effect from 7 July 2029, national authorities shall consider, on grounds relating to software update, certificates of conformity in respect to new completed vehicles to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 48 of Regulation (EU) 2018/858, and shall prohibit the registration, placing on the market and entry into service of such vehicles, if they do not comply with Regulation (EU) 2018/858, as amended by Annex II to this Regulation with regard to software update.

Article 3

Entry into force and application

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Commission

   The President

   Ursula von der Leyen
   

Top

ANNEX I

Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 is amended as follows:

(1)in Part C, point 5, in the table, the following entries are added:

‘5.5.

DF

Link semi-trailer

A semi-trailer with a fifth wheel mounted at the rear such that the link semi-trailer could tow another semi-trailer.

5.6.

DG

Link drawbar trailer

A drawbar trailer with a fifth wheel mounted at the rear such that the link trailer could tow another semi-trailer.

__________________________’.

(2)in Appendix 2, the following row 32 is inserted:

‘32    Drop-side tarpaulin;’.

ANNEX II

Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2018/858 is amended as follows:

(1)Part I is replaced by the following:

‘PART I

Regulatory acts for EU type-approval of vehicles produced in unlimited series

EXPLANATORY NOTES

to the table for vehicles produced in unlimited series

X:

Applies to the vehicle category, separate technical unit or component in accordance with the regulatory act as indicated

IF:

Applies only if the system, separate technical unit or component is fitted to the vehicle in the respective vehicle category

Item

Subject

Regulatory act

M1

M2

M3

N1

N2

N3

O1

O2

O3

O4

STU

Component

A

RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CRASH TESTING, FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A1

Interior fittings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

A2

Seats and head restraints

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

A3

Bus seats

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A4

Safety-belt anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

A5

Safety-belts and restraint systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A6

Safety-belt reminders

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

A7

Partitioning systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

A8

Child restraint anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

IF X

IF X

IF X

IF X

IF X

A9

Child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A10

Enhanced child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A11

Front underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A12

Rear underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A13

Lateral protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A14

Fuel tank safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A15

Liquified petroleum gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A16

Compressed and liquified natural gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A17

Hydrogen safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A18

Hydrogen system material qualification (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A19

In-use electric safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A20

Frontal off-set impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

A21

Frontal full-width impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

A22

Protective steering

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A23

Replacement airbag

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

A24

Cab impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A25

Side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

A26

Pole side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

A27

Rear impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

A28

112-based eCall in-vehicles systems

Regulation (EU) 2015/758

X

X

X

X

B

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS, VISION AND VISIBILITY

B1

Pedestrian leg and head protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

B2

Enlarged head impact zone

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

B3

Frontal protection system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

B4

Advanced emergency braking for pedestrians and cyclists ahead

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

B5

Pedestrian and cyclist collision warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

B6

Blind spot information system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

B7

Reversing safety

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

B8

Forward vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

B9

Heavy duty vehicles direct vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

B10

Safety glazing

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

B11

Defrost/demist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

B12

Wash/wipe

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

B13

Indirect vision devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

B14

Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

X

X

X

X

X

X

C

VEHICLE CHASSIS, BRAKING, TYRES AND STEERING

C1

Steering equipment

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

C2

Lane departure warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

C3

Emergency lane keeping

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

C4

Braking

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

C5

Replacement braking parts

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

C6

Brake assist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

C7

Stability control

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

C8

Advanced emergency braking on heavy duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

C9

Advanced emergency braking on light duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

C10

Tyre safety and environmental performance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

C11

Spare wheels and run-flat systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

C12

Retreaded tyres

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

C13

Tyre pressure monitoring for light duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

C14

Tyre pressure monitoring for heavy duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

C15

Tyre installation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

C16

Replacement wheels

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

D

ON-BOARD INSTRUMENTS, ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, VEHICLE LIGHTING AND PROTECTION AGAINST UNAUTHORISED USE, INCLUDING CYBERATTACKS

D1

Audible warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D2

Radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D3

Protection against unauthorised use, immobiliser and alarm systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

IF X

IF X

X

IF X

IF X

X

X

D4

Protection of vehicle against cyberattacks

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D5

Speedometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

D6

Odometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

D7

Speed limitation devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

D8

Intelligent speed assistance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D9

Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

D10

Heating systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D11

Light signalling devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

D12

Road illumination devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

D13

Retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

D14

Light sources

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

D15

Installation of light signalling, road illumination and retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D16

Emergency stop signal

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

D17

Headlamp cleaners (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

D18

Gear shift indicator

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

E

DRIVER AND SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR

E1

Alcohol interlock installation facilitation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E2

Driver drowsiness and attention warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E3

Advanced driver distraction warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E4

Driver availability monitoring system (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E5

Event data recorder

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

B

E6

Systems to replace driver’s control (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E7

Systems to provide the vehicle with information on state of vehicle and surrounding area (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

E8

Platooning (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

E9

Systems to provide safety information to other road users (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

F

GENERAL VEHICLE CONSTRUCTION AND FEATURES

F1

Registration plate space

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F2

Reversing motion

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

F3

Door latches and hinges

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

F4

Door entry steps, handholds and running boards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

F5

External projections

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

F6

External projections of commercial vehicle cabs

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

F7

Statutory plate and vehicle identification number

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F8

Towing devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

F9

Wheel guards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

F10

Spray suppression systems 

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F11

Masses and dimensions

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F12

Mechanical couplings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF X

IF X

IF X

IF X

IF X

IF X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F13

Vehicles intended for the transportation of dangerous goods (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

F14

General bus construction

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

F15

Bus strength of superstructure

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

F16

Flammability in buses

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

G

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION-RELATED TESTS

G1

Sound level

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G2

Tailpipe emissions of vehicle in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

X

X

X

X

X

G3

Tailpipe emissions of engine in lab

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

G4

Tailpipe emissions on the road

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G5

Durability of tailpipe emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G6

Cranckase emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G7

Evaporative emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

X

X

X

X

G8

Low-temperature tailpipe emissions in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

X

X

X

X

G9

On-board diagnostics

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G10

Absence of defeat device

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G11

Auxiliary emissions strategies

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

G12

Anti-tampering

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007
Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

X

X

X

G13

Recyclability

Directive 2005/64/EC

X

X

G14

Air-conditioning systems

Directive 2006/40/EC

X

X

X

H

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND IN-VEHICLE SOFTWARE UPDATE

H1

Access to vehicle OBD information and vehicle repair and maintenance information

Regulation (EU) 2018/858, Articles 61 to 66 and Annex X.

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

H2

Software update

Regulation (EU) 2018/858, Annex IV

UN Regulation No 156

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

The item and subject entries listed in the table above shall apply for the purpose of information to be provided in accordance with Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/683, Annex II, Part III from [OP please insert the date of entry into force of this Regulation] for new whole-vehicle type-approvals and from [OP please insert date of 24 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation] for existing approvals.

Compliance with Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 is mandatory, however, a separate type-approval under that Regulation is not foreseen as it represents the collection of individual items.

__________________________’.

(2)Appendix 1 to Part I is replaced by the following:

‘Appendix 1

EXPLANATORY NOTES

to the tables for vehicles produced in small series

The requirements laid down in table 1 for “Small series scheme I” apply provided that:

- the vehicle type is not based on or derived from a vehicle produced in large series, including those for EU or third markets; and

- the manufacturer’s combined number of units, of all its categories M and N vehicle types registered, made available on the market or entered into service annually in the Union does not exceed 1 500.

In all other cases, the requirements laid down in table 1 for “Small series scheme II” and in table 2 apply.

X:

Full application of the regulatory act as follows:

(a) a type-approval certificate shall be required;

(b) tests and checks shall be conducted by the technical service or the manufacturer under the conditions laid down in Articles 67 to 81;

(c) the test report shall be drafted in accordance with Annex III;

(d) Conformity of Production shall be ensured.

A:

Application of the regulatory act as follows:

(a) all requirements of the regulatory act shall be fulfilled unless otherwise stated;

(b) a type-approval certificate is not required;

(c) tests and checks shall be conducted by the technical service or the manufacturer under the conditions laid down in Articles 67 to 81;

(d) the test report shall be drafted in accordance with Annex III;

(e) Conformity of Production shall be ensured.

B:

Application of the regulatory act as follows:

Same as for explanatory note “A” with the exception that the tests and checks may be performed by the manufacturer themselves, subject to the agreement of the approval authority.

C:

Application of the regulatory act as follows:

(a) the technical requirements from the regulatory shall be fulfilled, but with different transitional provision;

(b) a type-approval certificate is not required;

(c) tests and checks shall be conducted by the technical service or the manufacturer under the conditions laid down in Articles 67 to 81;

(d) the test report shall be drafted in accordance with Annex III;

(e) Conformity of Production shall be ensured.

IF:

Systems, separate technical units or components shall meet the requirements if fitted to the vehicle

n/a:

Not applicable

The specific provisions set out in table 1 and table 2 cannot be mixed or combined.

Table 1: Regulatory acts for EU type-approval of manually driven vehicles produced in small series pursuant to Article 41

Small series scheme I

Small series scheme II

Item

Subject

Regulatory act

M1

N1

M1

N1

A

RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CRASH TESTING, FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A1

Interior fittings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

(a) Interior arrangement

(i) Radii and protrusion requirements for switches, pull-knobs and the like, controls and general interior fittings The requirements of paragraphs 5.1 to 5.6 of UN Regulation No 21 may be waived at the request of the manufacturer.

The requirements of paragraph 5.2 of UN Regulation No 21 with the exception of paragraphs 5.2.3.1, 5.2.3.2 and 5.2.4 of that Regulation shall apply.

(ii) Energy absorption tests on the upper dashboard Energy absorption tests on the upper dashboard shall only be performed when the vehicle is not fitted with at least two front airbags or two static four-point harnesses.

(iii) Energy absorption test on the rear part of the seats
: not applicable
(b) Power-operation of windows, roof-panel systems and partition systems All requirements of paragraph 5.8 of UN Regulation No 21 shall apply.

not in scope

B

not in scope

A2

Seats and head restraints

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

(a) General requirements

(i) Specifications Requirements of paragraph 5.2 of UN Regulation No 17 shall apply with the exception of paragraph 5.2.3 of that Regulation.

(ii) Strength tests for seat backrest and head restraints The requirements of paragraph 6.2
of UN Regulation No 17 shall apply.
(iii) Unlocking and adjustment tests The test shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of Annex 7 to UN Regulation No 17.

(b) Head restraints

(i) Specifications Requirements of paragraphs 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.10, 5.11 and 5.12 of UN Regulation No 17 shall apply with the exception of paragraph 5.5.2 of that Regulation.

(ii) Strength tests on head restraints The test prescribed in paragraph 6.4 of UN Regulation No 17 shall be performed.

(c) Special requirements regarding the protection of occupants from displaced luggage The requirements of Annex 9 to UN Regulation No
17 may be waived at the request of the manufacturer.

B

B

B

A3

Bus seats

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A4

Safety-belt anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

A5

Safety-belts and restraint systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation requirements B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation requirements B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation requirements B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation requirements B

A6

Safety-belt reminders

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

A7

Partitioning systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A8

Child restraint anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

IF B

B

IF B

A9

Child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A10

Enhanced child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A11

Front underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A12

Rear underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

A13

Lateral protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A14

Fuel tank safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

(a) Liquid fuel tanks

(b) Installation in vehicle

B

(a) Liquid fuel tanks

(b) Installation in vehicle

B

(a) Liquid fuel tanks

(b) Installation in vehicle

B

(a) Liquid fuel tanks

(b) Installation in vehicle

A15

Liquified petroleum gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

A16

Compressed and liquified natural gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

A17

Hydrogen safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A18

Hydrogen system material qualification (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

A19

In-use electric safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

A20

Frontal off-set impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Shall apply to vehicles fitted with front airbags. May comply with A21 Frontal full-width impact instead, at the choice of the manufacturer. Vehicles not fitted with airbags shall comply with A22 Protective steering (in full)

B

Shall apply to vehicles fitted with front airbags. May comply with A21 Frontal full-width impact instead, at the choice of the manufacturer. Vehicles not fitted with airbags shall comply with A22 Protective steering (in full)

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal off-set impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

B

B

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal off-set impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

A21

Frontal full-width impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

On voluntary basis

B

On voluntary basis

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal full-width impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

B

B

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal full-width impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

A22

Protective steering

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Shall apply to vehicles that do not comply with A20 Frontal off-set impact or A21 Frontal full-width impact

B

Shall apply to vehicles that do not comply with A20 Frontal off-set impact or A21 Frontal full-width impact

B

B

A23

Replacement airbag

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A24

Cab impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

B

Test A is required for vehicles with a maximum permissible mass of 1 500 kg or more if compliance with A20 Frontal off-set impact, A21 Frontal full-width impact or A22 Protective steering was not demonstrated.


Test C is required only for vehicles which have a separate cab
.

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with cab impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase.

not in scope

B

Test A is deemed to be fulfilled by means of A20 Frontal off-set impact, A21 Frontal full-width impact or A22 Protective steering.


Test C is required only for vehicles which have a separate cab
.

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with cab impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase.

A25

Side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Head form test

The manufacturer shall supply the technical service with suitable information concerning a possible impact of the head of the dummy against the structure of the vehicle or the side glazing, if made of laminated glazing.

When such impact is proven likely to happen, then the partial test using the head form test described in paragraph 3.1. of Annex 8 to UN Regulation No 95 shall be conducted and the criterion specified in paragraph 5.2.1.1. of UN Regulation No 95 shall be met.

In agreement with the technical service, the test procedure described in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No 21 may be used as an alternative to the test of UN Regulation No 95.


Alternatively, a full-scale test in accordance with UN Regulation No 95 may be carried out.

B

Head form test

The manufacturer shall supply the technical service with suitable information concerning a possible impact of the head of the dummy against the structure of the vehicle or the side glazing, if made of laminated glazing.

When such impact is proven likely to happen, then the partial test using the head form test described in paragraph 3.1. of Annex 8 to UN Regulation No 95 shall be conducted and the criterion specified in paragraph 5.2.1.1. of UN Regulation No 95 shall be met.

In agreement with the technical service, the test procedure described in Annex 4 to UN Regulation No 21 may be used as an alternative to the test of UN Regulation No 95.


Alternatively, a full-scale test in accordance with UN Regulation No 95 may be carried out.

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with side impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

B

B

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with side impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

A26

Pole side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the pole side impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

A27

Rear impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with rear impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase.

A28

112-based eCall in-vehicles systems

Regulation (EU) 2015/758

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

 

B

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS, VISION AND VISIBILITY

B1

Pedestrian leg and head protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

B2

Enlarged head impact zone

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

C

Date for refusal to grant EU type‐ approval: 7 January 2026

Date for the prohibition of the registration of vehicles: 7 July 2034

B3

Frontal protection system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

B4

Advanced emergency braking for pedestrians and cyclists ahead

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

B5

Pedestrian and cyclist collision warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B6

Blind spot information system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B7

Reversing safety

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

B8

Forward vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

B9

Heavy duty vehicles direct vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B10

Safety glazing

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation B

B11

Defrost/demist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

B12

Wash/wipe

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

B

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

B13

Indirect vision devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

B14

Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

A

A

A

A

C

VEHICLE CHASSIS, BRAKING, TYRES AND STEERING

C1

Steering equipment

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

C2

Lane departure warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

C3

Emergency lane keeping

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

C4

Braking

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

C5

Replacement braking parts

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

C6

Brake assist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

B

B

C7

Stability control

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

B

B

C8

Advanced emergency braking on heavy duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

C9

Advanced emergency braking on light duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

C10

Tyre safety and environmental performance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

C11

Spare wheels and run-flat systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

C12

Retreaded tyres

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

C13

Tyre pressure monitoring for light duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

C14

Tyre pressure monitoring for heavy duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

C15

Tyre installation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

C16

Replacement wheels

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

D

ON-BOARD INSTRUMENTS, ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, VEHICLE LIGHTING AND PROTECTION AGAINST UNAUTHORISED USE, INCLUDING CYBERATTACKS

D1

Audible warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

(a) Components X
(b) Installation on vehicle B

D2

Radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

D3

Protection against unauthorised use, immobiliser and alarm systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

The provisions of paragraph 8.3.1.1.1. of UN Regulation No 116 may be applied instead of paragraph 8.3.1.1.2. of that Regulation regardless of the type of powertrain.


VAS:

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

A

The provisions of paragraph 8.3.1.1.1. of UN Regulation No 116 may be applied instead of paragraph 8.3.1.1.2. of that Regulation regardless of the type of powertrain.


VAS:

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

A

The provisions of paragraph 8.3.1.1.1. of UN Regulation No 116 may be applied instead of paragraph 8.3.1.1.2. of that Regulation regardless of the type of powertrain.


VAS:

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

A

The provisions of paragraph 8.3.1.1.1. of UN Regulation No 116 may be applied instead of paragraph 8.3.1.1.2. of that Regulation regardless of the type of powertrain.


VAS:

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

D4

Protection of vehicle against cyberattacks

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Only for vehicles fitted with lane keeping system, adaptive cruise control or other likewise systems

B

Only for vehicles fitted with lane keeping system, adaptive cruise control or other likewise systems

B

B

D5

Speedometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

D6

Odometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

D7

Speed limitation devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

D8

Intelligent speed assistance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

B

Not required for vehicles without a windscreen, with a foldable windscreen or with a windscreen where the maximum vertical distance between the top edge and lowest edge of the transparent surface does not exceed 300 mm (assessed
excluding areas with less than 70% transparency shade bands, dot-printed areas, text, graphics and transparent slots for regulatory sight lines) and where the R-point of the driver seat is not more than 450 mm from the ground level.

D9

Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

D10

Heating systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

D11

Light signalling devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D12

Road illumination devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D13

Retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D14

Light sources

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D15

Installation of light signalling, road illumination and retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) shall be fitted to a new type of vehicle

B

Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) shall be fitted to a new type of vehicle

B

Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) shall be fitted to a new type of vehicle

B

Daytime Running
Lamps (DRL) shall be fitted to a new type of vehicle

D16

Emergency stop signal

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Only for vehicles fitted with
electronically controlled anti-lock braking system

B

Only for vehicles fitted with
electronically controlled anti-lock braking system

B

B

D17

Headlamp cleaners (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

IF B

IF B

D18

Gear shift indicator

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

DRIVER AND SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR

E1

Alcohol interlock installation facilitation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

E2

Driver drowsiness and attention warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

E3

Advanced driver distraction warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

E4

Driver availability monitoring system (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

IF B

IF B

IF B

E5

Event data recorder

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

B

B

E6

Systems to replace driver’s control (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

No requirement yet

IF B

No requirement yet

E7

Systems to provide the vehicle with information on state of vehicle and surrounding area (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF B

No requirement yet

IF B

No requirement yet

E8

Platooning (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

E9

Systems to provide safety information to other road users (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

F

GENERAL VEHICLE CONSTRUCTION AND FEATURES

F1

Registration plate space

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

F2

Reversing motion

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

Statement of compliance

B

Statement of compliance

B

Statement of compliance

B

Statement of compliance

F3

Door latches and hinges

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

(a) General requirements (Paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 11) All the requirements shall apply.

(b) Performance requirements (Paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 11) Only the requirements of paragraph 6.1.5.4 and paragraph 6.3 of UN Regulation No 11 shall apply.

B

(a) General requirements (Paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 11) All the requirements shall apply.

(b) Performance requirements (Paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 11) Only the requirements of paragraph 6.1.5.4 and paragraph 6.3 of UN Regulation No 11 shall apply.

B

B

F4

Door entry steps, handholds and running boards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

F5

External projections

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

(a) General specifications The requirements of paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 26 shall apply.

(b) Particular specifications The requirements of paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 26 shall apply.

not in scope

B

(a) General specifications The requirements of paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 26 shall apply.

(b) Particular specifications The requirements of paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 26 shall apply.

not in scope

F6

External projections of commercial vehicle cabs

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

B

(a) General specifications The requirements of paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 61 shall apply

(b) Particular specifications The requirements of paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 61 shall apply.

not in scope

B

(a) General specifications The requirements of paragraph 5 of UN Regulation No 61 shall apply

(b) Particular specifications The requirements of paragraph 6 of UN Regulation No 61 shall apply.

F7

Statutory plate and vehicle identification number

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

F8

Towing devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

B

B

B

F9

Wheel guards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

not in scope

B

not in scope

F10

Spray suppression systems 

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

B

not in scope

B

F11

Masses and dimensions

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

B

The hill start ability test of Regulation (EU) 2021/535, Annex XIII, Part 2, Section B, Point 5. may be waived at the request of the manufacturer.

B

The hill start ability test of Regulation (EU) 2021/535, Annex XIII, Part 2, Section B, Point 5. may be waived at the request of the manufacturer.

B

B

F12

Mechanical couplings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

IF

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

IF

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

IF

(a) Components X

(b) Installation B

F13

Vehicles intended for the transportation of dangerous goods (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

A

not in scope

A

F14

General bus construction

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

F15

Bus strength of superstructure

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

F16

Flammability in buses

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

G

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION-RELATED TESTS

G1

Sound level

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

A

A

A

A

G2

Tailipe emissions of vehicle in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

A

Where the vehicle manufacturer uses an engine from another manufacturer, bench test data from the engine manufacturer are accepted provided that the engine management system is identical (i.e. having at least the same electronic control unit (ECU)).

The power output test may be performed on a chassis dynamometer, taking into account the power loss in the transmission.

A

Where the vehicle manufacturer uses an engine from another manufacturer, bench test data from the engine manufacturer are accepted provided that the engine management system is identical (i.e. having at least the same electronic control unit (ECU)).

The power output test may be performed on a chassis dynamometer, taking into account the power loss in the transmission.

A

A

G3

Tailipe emissions of engine in lab

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

Where the vehicle manufacturer uses an engine from another manufacturer, bench test data from the engine manufacturer are accepted provided that the engine management system is identical (i.e. having at least the same electronic control unit (ECU)).

The power output test may be performed on a chassis dynamometer, taking into account the power loss in the transmission.

A

Where the vehicle manufacturer uses an engine from another manufacturer, bench test data from the engine manufacturer are accepted provided that the engine management system is identical (i.e. having at least the same electronic control unit (ECU)).

The power output test may be performed on a chassis dynamometer, taking into account the power loss in the transmission.

A

A

G4

Tailipipe emissions on the road

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G5

Durability of tailpipe emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G6

Cranckase emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G7

Evaporative emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

A

A

A

A

G8

Low-tempearture tailpipe emissions in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

A

A

A

A

G9

On-board diagnostics

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

The vehicle shall be fitted with an OBD system that shall be designed, constructed and installed as to enable it to identify types of deterioration or malfunction over the entire life of the vehicle and record at least the malfunction of the engine management system.

The OBD-interface shall be able to communicate with commonly available diagnostic tools.

The vehicle shall be fitted with an OBD system that shall be designed, constructed and installed as to enable it to identify types of deterioration or malfunction over the entire life of the vehicle and record at least the malfunction of the engine management system.

The OBD-interface shall be able to communicate with commonly available diagnostic tools.

A

A

G10

Absence of defeat device

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G11

Auxiliary emissions strategies

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G12

Anti-tampering

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

A

A

G13

Recyclability

Directive 2005/64/EC

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

G14

Air-conditioning systems

Directive 2006/40/EC

A

A

A

A

H

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND IN-VEHICLE SOFTWARE UPDATE

H1

Access to vehicle OBD information and vehicle repair and maintenance information

Regulation (EU) 2018/858, Articles 61 to 66 and Annex X

X

X

X

X

H2

Software update

Regulation (EU) 2018/858
UN Regulation No
156

X

X

X

X



Table 2: Regulatory acts for EU type-approval of fully automated vehicles (as defined in Article 3(22) of Regulation (EU) 2019/2144) produced in small series pursuant to Article 41

Item

Subject

Regulatory act(the scope of the regulatory act remains unchanged)

Fully automated vehicles of categories N1, N2 and N3 without driver seat and without occupants

Fully automated vehicles of categories N1, N2, N3, M1, M2, M3

without driver seat,

with occupants

Dual mode vehicles: vehicles with a driver seat designed and constructed to be driven by the driver in the “manual driving mode” and to be driven by the automated driving system (ADS) without any driver supervision in the “fully automated driving mode”

Specific provisions to be applied if letter A is used (i.e. the approval is not possible under the regulatory act because it does not yet include specific requirements for fully automated vehicles)

No provision shall apply if the vehicle category is not in the scope of the base regulatory act.

A

RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CRASH TESTING, FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A1

Interior fittings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

A

X for manual driving mode.

A for fully automated driving mode

All windows, roof-panels and partitions for use by occupants shall be equipped with an auto-reversing device in order to make a driver-controlled switch redundant.

For bidirectional vehicles (i.e. vehicles with no distinguishable rear/front and that can be driven in both directions), requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A2

Seats and head restraints

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A3

Bus seats

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A4

Safety-belt anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X

For vehicle with no driver seat, any seat in the first seat row shall be considered to be a front passenger seat. Paragraphs 5.1.6.2.1. and 5.1.6.2.2. of UN Regulation No 14 are not applicable.

A5

Safety-belts and restraint systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X

For vehicles without driver seat, any seat in the first seat row shall be considered to be a front passenger seat.

A6

Safety-belt reminders

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X

For vehicles without driver seat, any seat in the first seat row shall be considered to be a front passenger seat.

The safety-belt reminder signal shall be transmitted to the automated driving system (ADS) and the remote intervention operator (if applicable) as defined in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/ … [to insert reference when published].

A7

Partitioning systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

A8

Child restraint anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X

X

A9

Child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X

X

A10

Enhanced child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X

X

A11

Front underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A12

Rear underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A13

Lateral protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A14

Fuel tank safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A15

Liquified petroleum gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The required malfunction or fault indication shall be replaced by a signal transmitted to the automated driving system and remote intervention operator (if applicable).

A16

Compressed and liquified natural gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A17

Hydrogen safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A18

Hydrogen system material qualification (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

A19

In-use electric safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The requirements on the for live compartment shall not apply to N vehicles with no passenger.

The indications normally given to the driver when the vehicle is in 'active driving mode' according to ''Cl. 5.3. Functional safety'' shall be sent to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable)

A20

Frontal off-set impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not applicable

A
n/a for vehicles below
30 km/h

X

The “R” point of the driver shall be considered to be the “R” point of the foremost passenger.

If the vehicle has no steering wheel or pedal cluster, the positioning of the steering wheel and pedal cluster shall not be taken into account.

If the vehicle does not contain a driver or/and a co-driver seat, these positions should not be tested.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A21

Frontal full-width impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A
n/a for vehicles below
30 km/h

X

The “R” point of the driver shall be considered to be the “R” point of the foremost passenger.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A22

Protective steering

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X

A23

Replacement airbag

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

equipment

equipment

A24

Cab impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A25

Side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A
n/a for vehicles below
30 km/h

X

The collision test will be carried out on the side or sides as agreed between the manufacturer and type approval authority.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A26

Pole side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A
n/a for vehicles below
30 km/h

X

The “R” point of the driver's seat shall be considered to be the “R” point of the foremost passenger seat.
The dynamic pole side impact test will be carried out on the side or sides as agreed between the manufacturer and
type approval authority.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A27

Rear impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

A28

112-based eCall in-vehicles systems

Regulation (EU) 2015/758

n/a

A

X (for manual drivingmode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

For fully automated driving mode, the ADS takes care of the functionality.

 

B

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS, VISION AND VISIBILITY

B1

Pedestrian leg and head protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X
A(for bidirectional vehicles)

X
A (for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

B2

Enlarged head impact zone

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X
A(for bidirectional vehicles)

X
A(for bidirectional vehicles)

X

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

B3

Frontal protection system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

B4

Advanced emergency braking for pedestrians and cyclists ahead

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

B5

Pedestrian and cyclist collision warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

B6

Blind spot information system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

B7

Reversing safety

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality to be covered by the ADS)

B8

Forward vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

B9

Heavy duty vehicles direct vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

B10

Safety glazing

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X

Exemption only for windscreen (no R-point available in relation to the windscreen).

Laminated screen exemption if below 40 km/h.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

B11

Defrost/demist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a
 (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

B12

Wash/wipe

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

B13

Indirect vision devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

B14

Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

X

X

X

C

VEHICLE CHASSIS, BRAKING, TYRES AND STEERING

C1

Steering equipment

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The basic steering (mechanical) requirements apply however:

- the requirements applicable to the steering control (e.g. max steering forces) are not applicable;

- the failure provisions and performance at 5.3 are not relevant if there's no driver but the failure notification should be made (digitally) available to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

- Annex 6: complex electronic systems annex need to be fulfilled and may be covered by the ADS safety concept.

The ADS shall take care of the tasks assigned to the driver and driver steering assistance system.

C2

Lane departure warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

C3

Emergency lane keeping

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a

(functionality covered by the ADS

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

C4

Braking

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated mode)

Activation of the brakes managed by the ADS in replacement of the driver and driver assistant systems..

Each vehicle shall be fitted where applicable with

- a service braking system

- a secondary braking system

- a parking braking system

- an endurance braking system. (for vehicle categories covered by UN Regulation No 13)

All Annexes to UN Regulation No 13, except for Annex 5 (Additional provisions applicable to certain vehicles as specified in the ADR), shall remain applicable.

All muscular generated performances (e.g. secondary brake) shall be replaced by alternative supply. (to be performed by the ADS- need for a special test mode). Issue of failure to be covered (no driver as fallback).

All the tell tales, indicators, warnings and information in accordance to UN Regulation No 13 or UN Regulation No 13-H (depending on the vehicle category) shall be sent to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

When more than one control is required in UN Regulation No13 shall be replaced by two independent power sources. E.g. service brake activation and parking braking brake shall be activated by actuators with separated energy reserves, actuators and logic (e.g. paragraph 5.2.1.2.1)

The ADS safety concept shall cover the electronic systems of the braking system (including the interfaces and interactions with any other affected electronic systems of the vehicle).

The ADS takes care of the tasks assigned to the driver and braking assistance systems.

C5

Replacement braking parts

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

C6

Brake assist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS

n/a(functionality covered by the ADS)

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

C7

Stability control

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

C8

Advanced emergency braking on heavy duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

(functionality covered by the ADS)

C9

Advanced emergency braking on light duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS)

n/a (functionality covered by the ADS)

X for manual driving mode

Not applicable for fully automated driving mode (functionality covered by the ADS)

C10

Tyre safety and environmental performance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

C11

Spare wheels and run-flat systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated mode)

In the case of vehicles equipped with a Run-Flat Warning System the warning signal and the run-flat malfunction signal shall be replaced by signals transmitted to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

C12

Retreaded tyres

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

C13

Tyre pressure monitoring for light duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The warning signal shall be sent to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if available).

C14

Tyre pressure monitoring for heavy duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The warning signal shall be sent to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

C15

Tyre installation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X

The maximum speed warning label (in vehicle) shall not be required. The ADS shall not exceed the maximum speed capability of the tyres prescibed by the vehicle manufacturer.

C16

Replacement wheels

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

D

ON-BOARD INSTRUMENTS, ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, VEHICLE LIGHTING AND PROTECTION AGAINST UNAUTHORISED USE, INCLUDING CYBERATTACKS

D1

Audible warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D2

Radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

Test mode needed.

Additional to the requirements EMC tests described in Annex 4-22 to UN Regulation No 10, the following procedure before and during initial EMC tests shall be followed:

1. When a fully automated vehicle with an ADS is EMC tested, the ADS functions should be switched on and also work in active mode. However certain limitations in use case can be observed. Therefore, before executing the EMC test, the type-approval authority needs to be consulted about the test program to agree about the Pass/Fail criteria proposal made by the EMC lab according to paragraph 6.1.2 of UN Regulation No 10.

Before testing the Technical Service has to prepare a test plan in conjunction with the manufacturer, which contains at least mode of operation, stimulated function(s), monitored function(s), pass/fail criterion (criteria) and intended emissions.

3. The manufacturer of the vehicle or Electric/electronic subassembly (ESA) shall fill in the information according to UN Regulation 10, Annex 2A or 2B. The EMC lab shall make this available as an annex to the test report.”.

4. In case if a remote intervention is used and could influence the behaviour of the vehicle the remote intervention should be part of the EMC test plan.

5. When it's needed during the initial test, to install Ferrite blocks or aluminium foil on several elements to pass the EMC tests, it proofs that the EMC design of the approval was weak and potential prone to variation.

Therefore the initial tests can never be used for further revision or extension for further vehicles or adding/changing ESA's (Electronic Sub-Assemblies)

to the vehicle / DUT’s.

D3

Protection against unauthorised use, immobiliser and alarm systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D4

Protection of vehicle against cyberattacks

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D5

Speedometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

Requirements are not applicable except that the speed signal shall be send to the ADS

D6

Odometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

The odometer signal shall be send to the ADS

D7

Speed limitation devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode

A for fully automated) driving mode

Test mode needed. The speed management and limitation shall be ensured by ADS.

D8

Intelligent speed assistance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode) (functionality covered by the ADS)

D9

Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)
n/a (
for fully automated driving mode)

D10

Heating systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

In the case of part or parts of the heating system in the passenger compartment, and in the case of overheating, the temperature of the parts shall not exceed 110 °C (70°C for M2 and 80°C for M3).

The activation and adjustment of the heating system can be managed by the ADS and/or passengers or remote intervention operator (if applicable).

D11

Light signalling devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D12

Road illumination devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D13

Retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D14

Light sources

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D15

Installation of light signalling, road illumination and retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The requirements shall remain the same, but in case of malfunctioning, the information shall be sent to ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

The activation of the lights is managed by the ADS.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions unless it is incompatible with the use in agreement with the type-approval authority.

D16

Emergency stop signal

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

D17

Headlamp cleaners (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

The control of the headlamp cleaner shall be managed by the ADS.

D18

Gear shift indicator

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated mode)

not in scope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

DRIVER AND SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR

E1

Alcohol interlock installation facilitation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

E2

Driver drowsiness and attention warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X (for manual driving mode)

n/a (for fully automated driving mode)

E3

Advanced driver distraction warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

E4

Driver availability monitoring system (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

X

E5

Event data recorder

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A for fully automated driving mode

X for manual driving mode

Specific ADS data elements are covered in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/ …

E6

Systems to replace driver’s control (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

Covered by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/ …[insert reference to ADS act when published]

E7

Systems to provide the vehicle with information on state of vehicle and surrounding area (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

Covered by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/ …[insert reference to ADS act when published]

E8

Platooning (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

No requirement yet

E9

Systems to provide safety information to other road users (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

Covered by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/ …[insert reference to ADS act when published]

F

GENERAL VEHICLE CONSTRUCTION AND FEATURES

F1

Registration plate space

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions unless it is incompatible with the use in agreement with the type-approval authority.

F2

Reversing motion

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The ADS shall also be tested for manouvrability (reverse gear). The ADS shall take care of the tasks assigned to the driver (e.g. activation of the reverse gear).

F3

Door latches and hinges

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

The visual signal of the door closure warning system shall be replaced by a signal transmitted to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

The equipment of side doors with locking devices shall be subject to the discretion of the manufacturer.

The primary door controls which normally would be accessible by the driver, would need to be accessible either from a primary seating position (if applicable) or adjacent to each door.

The ADS shall ensure that the vehicle can only move if doors are closed.

F4

Door entry steps, handholds and running boards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

X

X

Vehicle access requirements do not apply where there is no vehicle cab.

F5

External projections

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated driving mode)

Sensors fitted to the ADS vehicle which are necessary to perform the Dynamic Driving Task can be excluded in a similar manner as camera monitor systems devices if they meet the general requirements on camera monitor devices in paragraph 6.2.2.1. of UN Regulation 46.

The “R” point of the driver referred shall be considered to be the “R” point of the foremost passenger in case there is no driver seat.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

F6

External projections of commercial vehicle cabs

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

Sensors fitted to the ADS vehicle which are necessary to perform the Dynamic Driving Task can be excluded in a similar manner as camera monitor systems devices if they meet the general requirements on camera monitor devices in paragraph 6.2.2.1. of UN Regulation 46.

The “R” point of the driver referred shall be considered to be the “R” point of the foremost passenger in case there is no driver seat.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

F7

Statutory plate and vehicle identification number

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

F8

Towing devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

F9

Wheel guards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not in scope

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated mode)

Fully applicable.

For bidirectional vehicles, requirements shall be met in both directions. Alternative requirements leading to an equivalent level of safety to the satisfaction of the type-approval authority are permitted if meeting all the requirements in both directions is incompatible with the bidirectional use.

F10

Spray suppression systems 

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

F11

Masses and dimensions

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A.

A (for fully automated mode)

X (for manual driving mode)

Mass in running order shall exclude mass of the driver if no steward/supervisor is on-board.

The ADS sensors above 2 meters are not included in the maximum dimensions in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2021/535, Annex XIII.

F12

Mechanical couplings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

The indication to driver that the mechanical coupling is locked/unlocked shall be addressed to the ADS and the remote intervention operator (if applicable).

F13

Vehicles intended for the transportation of dangerous goods (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not in scope

Not in scope

Not in scope

Fully automated vehicles intended for the transportation of dangerous goods cannot be approved.

F14

General bus construction

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not in scope

A

X (for manual driving mode)
A (for fully automated mode)

Buses without a roof and trolley buses are out of scope.

In general the tasks normally expected by the driver under UN Regulation No 107 shall be covered in the ADS safety concept.

The requirements of paragraphs 7.2.2.1.1, 7.2.2.1.2 and 7.2.2.1.3 as defined in Annex 3 to UN-Regulation No 107 shall not apply.

All required information normally displayed or noticed to the driver or information to passengers in case of an emergency shall be transferred to the ADS, the on-board operator and the remote intervention operator (e.g. fire suppression system)

The ADS shall take care of power operated doors.

The ADS shall take care of the reaction to fire as part of the ADS safety concept (e.g. emergency manoeuvre and transfer to the safe state ), doors automatically unlocked when safe to do so.

In case of emergency, the ADS shall take care of the emergency lighting system as part of the ADS safety concept. Once activated, the emergency lighting system shall remain active for at least 30 minutes. This active function shall be displayed as well to the remote intervention operator who may deactivate the emergency lighting system.

The kneeling system shall in ADS operation automatically be actuated to achieve required step height. Also prevention system shall be part of the ADS safety concept to prevent the feet/legs of passengers boarding the vehicle from geting stuck underneath the vehicle during lowering process.

If a vehicle is fitted with a ramp or lift, a means of communication with the driver shall be fitted outside, adjacent to the door and at a height between 850 mm and 1,300 mm from the ground.

A means of communication with the driver and its positioning is not needed.

F15

Bus strength of superstructure

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not in scope

X

X

F16

Flammability in buses

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

Not in scope

X

X

G

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION-RELATED TESTS

G1

Sound level

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

Test mode necessary. Manufacturer to define how to perform the test in accordance with the technical justification in agreement with technical service. Highest value measured in manual or / and in autonomous mode shall be considered for type approval.

Vehicles having overall sound levels complying with the requirements in paragraph 6.2.8 of UNECE Regulation No 138(1) with a margin of +3 dB(A), are not required to be equipped with A
coustic Vehicle Alerting System (AVAS). The requirements laid down in paragraph 6.2.8 of that Regulation for one-third octave bands and the requirements laid down in paragraph 6.2.3 of that Regulation for the frequency shift as defined in paragraph 2.4 of that Regulation (“frequency shift”) shall not apply to those vehicles to determine the need for AVAS independent whether the vehicles is driven in manual or autonomous mode during the test.
The R point of the driver seat shall be considered to be the lowest R point of the passenger seats in the 1st seat row.

Used test procedure/special arrangement to be recorded in the test report.

G2

Tailipe emissions of vehicle in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for fully automated driving mode)

The manufacturer shall define a test mode in order to allow testing on a chassis dynamometer and communicate the method to the relevant approval authorities.

 

The required driver warning and inducement system shall be replaced by signals transmitted to the automated driving system, and remote intervention operator (if applicable). It shall be clearly indicated to the remote intervention operator when the inducement will be activated.

G3

Tailipe emissions of engine in lab

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for automated driving mode)

The required driver warning and inducement system shall be replaced by signals transmitted to the automated driving system and remote intervention operator (if applicale). It shall be clearly indicated to the remote intervention operator when the inducement will be activated.

G4

Tailipipe emissions on the road

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for automated driving mode)

The manufacturer shall define a test mode in order to allow testing on the road and communicate the method to the relevant approval authorities.

The required driver warning and inducement system shall be replaced by signals transmitted to the automated driving system, and remote intervention operator (if applicable). It shall be clearly indicated to the remote intervention operator when the inducement will be activated.

G5

Durability of tailpipe emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

The manufacturer shall define a test mode in order to allow testing on the road and communicate the method to the relevant approval authorities.

G6

Cranckase emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

G7

Evaporative emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

X

X

X

G8

Low-tempearture tailpipe emissions in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for automated driving mode)

The manufacturer shall define a test mode in order to allow testing on a chassis dynamometer and communicate the method to the relevant approval authorities.

The required driver warning and inducement system shall be replaced by signals transmitted to the automated driving system and remote intervention operator (if applicale). It shall be clearly indicated to the remote intervention operator when the inducement will be activated.

G9

On-board diagnostics

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

A

A

X (for manual driving mode)

A (for automated driving mode)

The required Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL) shall be replaced by a signal transmitted to the automated driving system, and remote intervention operator (if applicable).

G10

Absence of defeat device

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

G11

Auxiliary emissions strategies

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

G12

Anti-tampering

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

X

X

X

G13

Recyclability

Directive 2005/64/EC

X

X

X

G14

Air-conditioning systems

Directive 2006/40/EC

n/a

X

X

H

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND IN-VEHICLE SOFTWARE UPDATE

H1

Access to vehicle OBD information and vehicle repair and maintenance information

Regulation (EU) 2018/858, Articles 61 to 66 and Annex X

X

X

X

H2

Software update

Regulation (EU) 2018/858
UN Regulation N
o 156

X

X

X



__________________________’

(3)    Part II is amended as follows:

(a)

The following paragraph is added after the second paragraph below the title:

‘Installation requirements laid down in a Directive or Regulation in the table of Part I shall apply also to components and separate technical units approved in accordance with the UN Regulations listed in the following table.’.

(b)

The table is replaced by the following:

Item

Subject

UN Regulation

Series of amendments

B14

Acoustic vehicle alerting system

138

01

G1

Sound level

51

59

03

01

G13

Recyclability(*)

(*) The requirements set out in Annex I to Directive 2005/64/EC shall apply

133

00

__________________________’.

(4)Part III and its Appendices 1 to 6 are replaced by the following:

‘PART III

List of regulatory acts setting out the requirements for the purpose of EU type-approval of special purpose vehicles

EXPLANATORY NOTES

to the tables in Appendices 1 to 6

X:

Compliance with the regulatory act is required according to the vehicle category for which type-approval is sought. Any specific provisions noted in addition to this explanatory note shall be taken into account.

G:

In case of multi-stage approval, compliance with the regulatory act according to which the base vehicle (e.g. the chassis of which was used to build the special purpose vehicle) has been type-approved shall be accepted. In this case, any vehicle systems, their features, parts, equipment, components and separate technical units that have been modified or added by the manufacturer, may be assessed against the base vehicle’s requirements. Any specific provisions noted in addition to this explanatory note shall be taken into account.

A:

The approval authority may agree to fully or partly grant exemptions upon the condition that the manufacturer demonstrates to the satisfaction of the technical service that the vehicle cannot meet the full set of requirements due to its special purpose. The manufacturer shall however endeavour to meet the requirements to the largest possible extent taking into account proportionality. Those exemptions shall be described in Part 2 of the vehicle EU type-approval certificate as well as under “remarks” in the Certificate of Conformity. Any specific provisions noted in addition to this explanatory note shall be taken into account.

Appendix 1

Motor-caravans, ambulances and hearses

Item

Subject

Regulatory act

M1 ≤ 2 500 kg

M1 > 2 500 kg

M2 

M3

A

RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CRASH TESTING, FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A1

Interior fittings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

Application
is limited to the passenger compartment in front of the transverse plane passing through the torso reference line of the 3-D H machine placed on the rearmost seat designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road, as well as to the respective reference zones of each seating position designated for normal use as defined in the regulatory act when the vehicle type is subject to the requirements applicable to vehicle category M1. It does not apply to the patient compartment of ambulances

Additional requirements for
new types of ambulances: The patient compartment of ambulances shall comply with the requirements of EN 1789:2020 on Medical vehicles and their equipment – Road ambulances with the exception of section 6.5, list of equipment. Proof of compliance shall be provided with a test report of the technical service and may be based on an assessment carried out by subcontractors or subsidiaries of the technical service in accordance with the provisions of Article 71. If a wheelchair space is foreseen, the requirements for wheelchair accessible vehicles (code SH) relating to the wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint systems shall also apply.

G

Application is limited to the passenger compartment in front of the transverse plane passing through the torso reference line of the 3-D H machine placed on the rearmost seat designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road, as well as to the respective reference zones of each seating position designated for normal use as defined in the regulatory act when the vehicle type is subject to the requirements applicable to vehicle category M1. It does not apply to the patient compartment of ambulances


Additional requirements for
new types of ambulances: The patient compartment of ambulances shall comply with the requirements of EN 1789:2020 on Medical vehicles and their equipment – Road ambulances with the exception of section 6.5, list of equipment. Proof of compliance shall be provided with a test report of the technical service and may be based on an assessment carried out by subcontractors or subsidiaries of the technical service in accordance with the provisions of Article 71. If a wheelchair space is foreseen, the requirements for wheelchair accessible vehicles (code SH) relating to the wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint systems shall also apply.

n/a for the passenger or patient compartment

Additional requirements for
new types of ambulances: The patient compartment of ambulances shall comply with the requirements of EN 1789:2020 on Medical vehicles and their equipment – Road ambulances with the exception of section 6.5, list of equipment. Proof of compliance shall be provided with a test report of the technical service and may be based on an assessment carried out by subcontractors or subsidiaries of the technical service in accordance with the provisions of Article 71. If a wheelchair space is foreseen, the requirements for wheelchair accessible vehicles (code SH) relating to the wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint systems shall also apply.

n/a for the passenger or patient compartment

Additional requirements for new types of ambulances: The patient compartment of ambulances shall comply with the requirements of EN 1789:2020 on Medical vehicles and their equipment – Road ambulances with the exception of section 6.5, list of equipment. Proof of compliance shall be provided with a test report of the technical service and may be based on an assessment carried out by subcontractors or subsidiaries of the technical service in accordance with the provisions of Article 71. If a wheelchair space is foreseen, the requirements for wheelchair accessible vehicles (code SH) relating to the wheelchair tie-down and occupant restraint systems shall also apply.

A2

Seats and head restraints

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

Application
is limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.

Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a
sign with an appropriate text.

The energy dissipation and radii requirements are checked in accordance with paragraphs 5.2.3./5.2.4.2. and 5.2.4. of UN Regulation No 17 when the vehicle type is subject to the requirements applicable to vehicle category M1.


The luggage retention requirements of UN Regulation No 17, Annex 9, paragraph 1, point (c) do not apply.

G

Application
is limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.

Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a
sign with an appropriate text.

The energy dissipation and radii requirements are checked in accordance with paragraphs 5.2.3./5.2.4.2. and 5.2.4. of UN Regulation No 17 when the vehicle type is subject to the requirements applicable to vehicle category M1.


The luggage retention requirements of UN Regulation No 17, Annex 9, paragraph 1, point (c) do not apply.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

A3

Bus seats

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

A4

Safety-belt anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the veh
icle is used on a public road.

G

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least anchorages for lap belts are required i
n the rear seating positions.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least anchorages for lap belts are required in the rear seating positions.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least anchorages for lap belts are required in the rear seating positions.

A5

Safety-belts and restraint systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.

G

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least lap belts are required in the rear seating positions.

G

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least lap belts are required in the rear seating positions.

G

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


At least lap belts are required in the rear seating positions.

A6

Safety-belt reminders

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Not required for rear seats

X

Not required for rear seats

X

Not required for rear seats

X

Not required for rear seats

A7

Partitioning systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

Equipment

equipment

A8

Child restraint anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

ISOFIX is not required on ambulances and hearses

G

ISOFIX is not required on ambulances and hearses

IF

IF

A9

Child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

Equipment

equipment

A10

Enhanced child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

Equipment

equipment

A11

Front underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A12

Rear underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A13

Lateral protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A14

Fuel tank safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Modification to the routing and length of the refuelling duct and re-positioning of the original tank inboard is permissible provided all installation requirements are met.

X

Modification to the routing and length of the refuelling duct and re-positioning of the original tank inboard is permissible provided all installation requirements are met.

X

Modification to the routing and length of the refuelling duct and re-positioning of the original tank inboard is permissible provided all installation requirements are met.

X

Modification to the routing and length of the refuelling duct and re-positioning of the original tank inboard is permissible provided all installation requirements are met.

A15

Liquified petroleum gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

X

A16

Compressed and liquified natural gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

X

A17

Hydrogen safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

X

A18

Hydrogen system material qualification (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A19

In-use electric safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

X

X

A20

Frontal off-set impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal off-set impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain,
irrespective of the mass in running order increase, as part of a previous-stage type-approval and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

Completed vehicles on the basis of a type-approved incomplete chassis-cowl configuration are exempted from the full-scale crash test. However, it shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the technical service that there is no unacceptable risk of fuel system integrity failure or unacceptable risk of direct contact with live parts of high voltage propulsion systems, after a frontal impact.


Virtual testing methods may be used in accordance with Annex VIII
to this Regulation.

not in scope

not in scope

A21

Frontal full-width impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the frontal full-width impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain,
irrespective of the mass in running order increase, as part of a previous-stage type-approval and the relevant restraint systems have not been modified to the extent that it would result in a decrease of the level of safety, as agreed by the technical service.

Completed vehicles on the basis of a type-approved incomplete chassis-cowl configuration are exempted from the full-scale crash test. However, it shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the technical service that there is no unacceptable risk of fuel system integrity failure or unacceptable risk of direct contact with live parts of high voltage propulsion systems, after a frontal impact.


Virtual testing methods may be used in accordance with Annex VIII
to this Regulation.

not in scope

not in scope

A22

Protective steering

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

A23

Replacement airbag

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A24

Cab impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A25

Side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with the side impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain,
irrespective of the mass in running order increase, as part of a previous-stage type-approval.

Completed vehicles on the basis of a type-approved incomplete chassis-cowl configuration are exempted from the full-scale crash test. However, it shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the technical service that there is no unacceptable risk of fuel system integrity failure or unacceptable risk of direct contact with live parts of high voltage propulsion systems, after a side impact.


Virtual testing methods may be used in accordance with Annex VIII
to this Regulation

not in scope

not in scope

A26

Pole side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

A27

Rear impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

Completed vehicles are deemed to comply with rear impact requirements provided that compliance has been demonstrated for at least the van or chassis-cab configuration, with appropriate powertrain, as part of a previous-stage type-approval, irrespective of the mass in running order increase

not in scope

not in scope

A28

112-based eCall in-vehicles systems

Regulation (EU) 2015/758

G

G

not in scope

not in scope

B

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS, VISION AND VISIBILITY

B1

Pedestrian leg and head protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

B2

Enlarged head impact zone

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

Modifications to the interior fittings directly behind the windscreen do not have to be taken into account.

not in scope

not in scope

B3

Frontal protection system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

B4

Advanced emergency braking for pedestrians and cyclists ahead

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

B5

Pedestrian and cyclist collision warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

B6

Blind spot information system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

B7

Reversing safety

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

B8

Forward vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

B9

Heavy duty vehicles direct vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

no requirements yet

no requirements yet

B10

Safety glazing

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

For all glazing other than the windscreen and side windows located forward of the driver's eye points, the material may be either of safety glass or rigid plastic glazing.

X

For all glazing other than the windscreen and side windows located forward of the driver's eye points, the material may be either of safety glass or rigid plastic glazing.

X

For all glazing other than the windscreen and side windows located forward of the driver's eye points, the material may be either of safety glass or rigid plastic glazing.

X

For all glazing other than the windscreen and side windows located forward of the driver's eye points, the material may be either of safety glass or rigid plastic glazing.

B11

Defrost/demist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

B12

Wash/wipe

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

B13

Indirect vision devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

G

B14

Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

X

X

X

X

C

VEHICLE CHASSIS, BRAKING, TYRES AND STEERING 

C1

Steering equipment

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

G

C2

Lane departure warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

n/a

C3

Emergency lane keeping

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

May be a C2 Lane departure warning system in case this was applicable for the base vehicle.

not in scope

not in scope

C4

Braking

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

G

G

C5

Replacement braking parts

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

C6

Brake assist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

C7

Stability control

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

In
the case of modifications to the stability control system, included as part of a previous stage type-approval, that are likely to affect the function of that base vehicle’s stability control system, it shall be demonstrated that the vehicle has not been rendered unsafe or unstable. This shall be proven by tests e.g. performing rapid double lane-change manoeuvres in each direction at 80 km/h with sufficient severity to cause intervention by the stability control system. These interventions shall be well-controlled and shall improve the stability of the vehicle under those driving conditions in comparison to the stability of the vehicle with a disabled stability control system. All tests are subject to the agreement between the manufacturer and technical service.

n/a

n/a

C8

Advanced emergency braking on heavy duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

n/a

C9

Advanced emergency braking on light duty vehicles

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

C10

Tyre safety and environmental performance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

G

C11

Spare wheels and run-flat systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

C12

Retreaded tyres

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

C13

Tyre pressure monitoring for light duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

not in scope

not in scope

C14

Tyre pressure monitoring for heavy duty

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

C15

Tyre installation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

G

G

C16

Replacement wheels

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

D

ON-BOARD INSTRUMENTS, ELECTRICAL SYSTEM, VEHICLE LIGHTING AND PROTECTION AGAINST UNAUTHORISED USE, INCLUDING CYBERATTACKS

D1

Audible warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D2

Radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D3

Protection against unauthorised use, immobiliser and alarm systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

IF G

IF G

D4

Protection of vehicle against cyberattacks

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D5

Speedometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D6

Odometer

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D7

Speed limitation devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

D8

Intelligent speed assistance

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D9

Identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D10

Heating systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D11

Light signalling devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D12

Road illumination devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D13

Retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D14

Light sources

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

D15

Installation of light signalling, road illumination and retro-reflective devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

Provided that all mandatory lighting devices are installed and that the geometric visibility is not affected

A + G for the cab

A for the remaining part


Provided that all mandatory lighting devices are installed and that the geometric visibility is not affected

A + G for the cab

A for the remaining part


Provided that all mandatory lighting devices are installed and that the geometric visibility is not affected

A + G for the cab

A for the remaining part


Provided that all mandatory lighting devices are installed and that the geometric visibility is not affected

D16

Emergency stop signal

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

Only for vehicles fitted with
electronically controlled anti-lock braking system

X

Only for vehicles fitted with
electronically controlled anti-lock braking system

D17

Headlamp cleaners (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF

IF

IF

IF

D18

Gear shift indicator

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

not in scope

not in scope

E

DRIVER AND SYSTEM BEHAVIOUR 

E1

Alcohol interlock installation facilitation

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

E2

Driver drowsiness and attention warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

E3

Advanced driver distraction warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

E4

Driver availability monitoring system (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF

IF

not in scope

not in scope

E5

Event data recorder

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

G

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

E6

Systems to replace driver’s control (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF

IF

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

E7

Systems to provide the vehicle with information on state of vehicle and surrounding area (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF

IF

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

E8

Platooning (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

E9

Systems to provide safety information to other road users (in case of automated vehicles)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

no requirement yet

F

GENERAL VEHICLE CONSTRUCTION AND FEATURES 

F1

Registration plate space

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

F2

Reversing motion

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

F3

Door latches and hinges

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Application limited to doors giving access to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road and where the distance between the R-point of the seat and the average plane of the door surface, measured perpendicular to the longitudinal medium plane of the vehicle, does not exceed 500 mm.

G

Application limited to doors giving access to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road and where the distance between the R-point of the seat and the average plane of the door surface, measured perpendicular to the longitudinal medium plane of the vehicle, does not exceed 500 mm.

Completed vehicles on the basis of a type-approved incomplete chassis-cowl configuration are exempted from the general and performance requirements.

not in scope

not in scope

F4

Door entry steps, handholds and running boards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

F5

External projections

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G for the cab

A for the remaining part


The requirements on the protrusion of open windows do not apply to the living compartment

G for the cab

A for the remaining part


The requirements on the protrusion of open windows do not apply to the living compartment

not in scope

not in scope

F6

External projections of commercial vehicle cabs

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

F7

Statutory plate and vehicle identification number

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

F8

Towing devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Required for the front only, to be tested if fitted at the rear

X

Required for the front only, to be tested if fitted at the rear

X

Required for the front only, to be tested if fitted at the rear

X

Required for the front only, to be tested if fitted at the rear

F9

Wheel guards

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

G

not in scope

not in scope

F10

Spray suppression systems 

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

F11

Masses and dimensions

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

F12

Mechanical couplings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

IF X

IF G

IF G

IF G

F13

Vehicles intended for the transportation of dangerous goods (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

F14

General bus construction

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

A

A

F15

Bus strength of superstructure

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

A

A

F16

Flammability in buses

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

G for the cab
X for the remaining part

G

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION-RELATED TESTS

G1

Sound level

Regulation (EU) No 540/2014

X

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G2

Tailipe emissions of vehicle in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

In the case of ambulances, an EU type-approval granted to the most representative base vehicle remains valid irrespective of a change in the reference weight.

Motor-caravans and hearses:

In the case of conversion of a vehicle (e.g. in a multi-stage type-approval process), the manufacturer responsible for the conversion needs to consult the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle manufacturer to get confirmation that the converted vehicle is covered by the emission approval of the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle. It is allowed for the reference mass of the converted vehicle to exceed 2840 kg.

In the case of multi-stage type-approval, the new CO2 value shall be calculated in accordance with the CO2 interpolation method, using the relevant data from the completed vehicle. Alternatively, the new CO2 value shall be calculated on the basis of the parameters of the completed vehicle as specified in paragraph 3.2.4. of Annex B7 to UN Regulation 154 and using the road load matrix tool supplied by the manufacturer of the base vehicle. If the tool is not available or CO2 interpolation is impractical, the CO2 value of Vehicle High from the base vehicle shall be used, at the request of the manufacturer responsible for the conversion, and with the agreement of the approval authority.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

In the case of ambulances, an EU type-approval granted to the most representative base vehicle remains valid irrespective of a change in the reference weight.

Motor-caravans and hearses:

In the case of conversion of a vehicle (e.g. in a multi-stage type-approval process), the manufacturer responsible for the conversion needs to consult the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle manufacturer to get confirmation that the converted vehicle is covered by the emission approval of the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle. It is allowed for the reference mass of the converted vehicle to exceed 2840 kg.

In the case of multi-stage type-approval, the new CO2 value shall be calculated in accordance with the CO2 interpolation method, using the relevant data from the completed vehicle. Alternatively, the new CO2 value shall be calculated on the basis of the parameters of the completed vehicle as specified in paragraph 3.2.4. of Annex B7 to UN Regulation 154 and using the road load matrix tool supplied by the manufacturer of the base vehicle. If the tool is not available or CO2 interpolation is impractical, the CO2 value of Vehicle High from the base vehicle shall be used, at the request of the manufacturer responsible for the conversion, and with the agreement of the approval authority.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

In the case of ambulances, an EU type-approval granted to the most representative base vehicle remains valid irrespective of a change in the reference weight.

Motor-caravans and hearses:

In the case of conversion of a vehicle (e.g. in a multi-stage type-approval process), the manufacturer responsible for the conversion needs to consult the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle manufacturer to get confirmation that the converted vehicle is covered by the emission approval of the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle. It is allowed for the reference mass of the converted vehicle to exceed 2840 kg.

In the case of multi-stage type-approval, the new CO2 value shall be calculated in accordance with the CO2 interpolation method, using the relevant data from the completed vehicle. Alternatively, the new CO2 value shall be calculated on the basis of the parameters of the completed vehicle as specified in paragraph 3.2.4. of Annex B7 to UN Regulation 154 and using the road load matrix tool supplied by the manufacturer of the base vehicle. If the tool is not available or CO2 interpolation is impractical, the CO2 value of Vehicle High from the base vehicle shall be used, at the request of the manufacturer responsible for the conversion, and with the agreement of the approval authority.

not in scope

G3

Tailipe emissions of engine in lab

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

not in scope

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

G4

Tailipipe emissions on the road

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

In the case of ambulances, an EU type-approval granted to the most representative base vehicle remains valid irrespective of a change in the reference weight.

Motor-caravans and hearses:

In the case of conversion of a vehicle (e.g. in a multi-stage type-approval process), the manufacturer responsible for the conversion needs to consult the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle manufacturer to get confirmation that the converted vehicle is covered by the emission approval of the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle. It is allowed for the reference mass of the converted vehicle to exceed 2840 kg.

G

Modification of exhaust system length after the last silencer not exceeding 2.0 m is permissible without any further test.

In the case of ambulances, an EU type-approval granted to the most representative base vehicle remains valid irrespective of a change in the reference weight.

Motor-caravans and hearses:

In the case of conversion of a vehicle (e.g. in a multi-stage type-approval process), the manufacturer responsible for the conversion needs to consult the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle manufacturer to get confirmation that the converted vehicle is covered by the emission approval of the original (complete or incomplete) vehicle. It is allowed for the reference mass of the converted vehicle to exceed 2840 kg.

G

G

G5

Durability of tailpipe emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G6

Cranckase emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G7

Evaporative emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

G

G

G

not in scope

G8

Low-tempearture tailpipe emissions in lab

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

G

G

G

not in scope

G9

On-board diagnostics

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G10

Absence of defeat device

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G11

Auxiliary emissions strategies

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G12

Anti-tampering

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009

G

G

G

G

G13

Recyclability

Directive 2005/64/EC

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

n/a


However, Annex V on prohibition of reuse of the specified component parts shall apply.

not in scope

not in scope

G14

Air-conditioning systems

Directive 2006/40/EC

G

G

not in scope

not in scope

H

ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND IN-VEHICLE SOFTWARE UPDATE

H1

Access to vehicle OBD information and vehicle repair and maintenance information

Regulation (EU) 2018/858, Articles 61 to 66 and Annex X

X

X

X

X

H2

Software update

Regulation (EU) 2018/858
UN Regulation N
o 156

X

X

X

X



Appendix 2

Armoured vehicles

Item

Subject

Regulatory act

M1

M2

M3

N1

N2

N3

O1

O2

O3

O4

A

RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CRASH TESTING, FUEL SYSTEM INTEGRITY AND HIGH VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL SAFETY

A1

Interior fittings

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A2

Seats and head restraints

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A3

Bus seats

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

X

Application limited to seats designated for normal use when the vehicle is used on a public road.


Seats that are not designated as such shall be clearly and permanently identified to users, either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A4

Safety-belt anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A5

Safety-belts and restraint systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A6

Safety-belt reminders

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A7

Partitioning systems

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A8

Child restraint anchorages

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

IF

IF

IF

IF

IF

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A9

Child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A10

Enhanced child restraint systems (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A11

Front underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A12

Rear underrun protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

A

A

X

X

X

X

A13

Lateral protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

X

X

A14

Fuel tank safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

A15

Liquified petroleum gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A16

Compressed and liquified natural gas safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A17

Hydrogen safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A

A

A

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A18

Hydrogen system material qualification (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A19

In-use electric safety (IF)

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

X

X

X

X

X

X

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A20

Frontal off-set impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A21

Frontal full-width impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A22

Protective steering

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A23

Replacement airbag

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

A24

Cab impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

n/a

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A25

Side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A26

Pole side impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A27

Rear impact

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

A28

112-based eCall in-vehicles systems

Regulation (EU) 2015/758

G

not in scope

not in scope

G

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B

VULNERABLE ROAD USERS, VISION AND VISIBILITY

B1

Pedestrian leg and head protection

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B2

Enlarged head impact zone

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B3

Frontal protection system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

equipment

B4

Advanced emergency braking for pedestrians and cyclists ahead

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

n/a

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B5

Pedestrian and cyclist collision warning

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

not in scope

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B6

Blind spot information system

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

not in scope

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B7

Reversing safety

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

A

May be partly exempted if the necessary devices cannot be placed in the optimal position as to prevent them from being damaged, which prevents full compliance with the requirements and may be fully exempted if it is impossible to meet these requirements

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B8

Forward vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

G

The light transmission factor is at least 60 % and the “A” pillar obstruction angle is not more than 10 degrees.

not in scope

not in scope

G

The light transmission factor is at least 60 % and the “A” pillar obstruction angle is not more than 10 degrees.

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B9

Heavy duty vehicles direct vision

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

not in scope

no requirements yet

no requirements yet

not in scope

no requirements yet

no requirements yet

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B10

Safety glazing

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

B11

Defrost/demist

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with an adequate windscreen defrosting and demisting device

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B12

Wash/wipe

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

X

Vehicles shall be fitted with adequate windscreen washing and wiping devices

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

not in scope

B13

Indirect vision devices

Regulation (EU) 2019/2144

A

A

A

A