Judgment of the General Court (Third Chamber) of 11 July 2018 –
Enoitalia v EUIPO — La Rural Viñedos y Bodegas (ANTONIO RUBINI)

(Case T‑707/16)

(EU trade mark — Invalidity proceedings — EU word mark ANTONIO RUBINI — Earlier EU figurative mark RUTINI — Relative ground for refusal — Likelihood of confusion — Similarity of the signs — Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 (now Article 8(1)(b) of Regulation (EU) 2017/1001))

1. 

EU trade mark—Definition and acquisition of the EU trade mark—Relative grounds for refusal—Opposition by the proprietor of an earlier identical or similar mark registered for identical or similar goods or services—Likelihood of confusion with the earlier mark—Criteria for assessment

(Council Regulation No 207/2009, Art. 8(1)(b))

(see paras 16, 17, 69, 76)

2. 

EU trade mark—Definition and acquisition of the EU trade mark—Relative grounds for refusal—Opposition by the proprietor of an earlier identical or similar mark registered for identical or similar goods or services—Likelihood of confusion with the earlier mark—Assessment of the likelihood of confusion—Attention level of the public

(Council Regulation No 207/2009, Art. 8(1)(b))

(see para. 22)

3. 

EU trade mark—Surrender, revocation and invalidity—Relative grounds for invalidity—Existence of an identical or similar earlier mark registered for identical or similar goods or services—Likelihood of confusion with the earlier mark—Word mark ANTONIO RUBINI and figurative mark RUTINI

(Council Regulation No 207/2009, Arts 8(1)(b) and 53(1)(a))

(see paras 23, 26, 41-44, 51, 58, 64-68, 78-80)

4. 

EU trade mark—Definition and acquisition of the EU trade mark—Relative grounds for refusal—Opposition by the proprietor of an earlier identical or similar mark registered for identical or similar goods or services—Similarity of the marks concerned—Criteria for assessment—Composite mark—Assessment of the distinctiveness of an element composing a trade mark

(Council Regulation No 207/2009, Art. 8(1)(b))

(see paras 27, 28, 38-40, 46)

5. 

EU trade mark—Definition and acquisition of the EU trade mark—Relative grounds for refusal—Opposition by the proprietor of an earlier identical or similar mark registered for identical or similar goods or services—Likelihood of confusion with the earlier mark—Similarity of the marks concerned—Whether conceptual differences may neutralise visual or aural similarities—Conditions

(Council Regulation No 207/2009, Art. 8(1)(b))

(see para. 63)

Re:

Action brought against the decision of the Fifth Board of Appeal of EUIPO of 28 June 2016 (Case R 1085/2015-5), relating to invalidity proceedings between La Rural Viñedos y Bodegas and Enoitalia.

Operative part

The Court:

1. 

Dismisses the action;

2. 

Orders Enoitalia SpA to pay the costs.