Treaty of Maastricht on European Union

 

SUMMARY OF:

The Treaty on European Union

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE TREATY?

KEY POINTS

European Communities (1st pillar)

This groups the traditional activities, working and decision-making procedures of the 3 original EU organisations:

Common foreign and security policy (2nd pillar)

This aims to:

Cooperation on justice and home affairs (3rd pillar)

This aims to provide the public with a high level of safety by:

Economic and monetary union

EU countries must:

Common currency (euro)

This:

New policies

The EU is given responsiblity for:

Social protocol

European citizenship

This gives every national of an EU country the right to:

Institutional changes

These include:

FROM WHEN DOES THE TREATY APPLY?

It was signed on 7 October 1992 and entered into force on 1 November 1993.

BACKGROUND

Officially known as the Treaty on European Union, the Maastricht Treaty marked the beginning of ‘a new stage in the process of creating an ever-closer union among the peoples of Europe’ by giving the previous communities a political dimension.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Treaty on European Union (OJ C 191, 29.7.1992, pp. 1-112)

last update 21.03.2018