Clean power for transport: a European alternative fuels strategy

Europe depends heavily on imported oil to fuel its transport system. This places a heavy cost on the European economy, raises concerns about security of supply and, in the long run, is environmentally unsustainable. This dependency must be replaced by alternative fuels with the necessary infrastructure.


Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions - Clean power for transport: A European alternative fuels strategy (COM(2013) 17 final of 24.1.2013).



It presents a comprehensive strategy for alternative fuels, explaining how these can be applied to all forms of transport. The strategy covers technological developments, investment in using the new fuels and ways to explain the benefits to the public.



In 2012, oil accounted for 94 % of energy used in transport and amounted to a deficit of some 2,5 % of GDP in the EU’s trade balance. Using alternative fuels could cut €4,2 billion a year from the EU’s oil import bill by 2020, rising to €9,3 billion in 2030.

For more information, see the European Commission's Clean power for transport website.

last update 30.04.2015

(1) The United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union and becomes a third country (non-EU country) as of 1 February 2020.