ISSN 1977-0677

Official Journal

of the European Union

L 384

European flag  

English edition

Legislation

Volume 64
29 October 2021


Contents

 

II   Non-legislative acts

page

 

 

REGULATIONS

 

*

Council Regulation (EU) 2021/1888 of 27 October 2021 fixing for 2022 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea and amending Regulation (EU) 2021/92 as regards certain fishing opportunities in other waters

1

 

*

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/1889 of 23 July 2021 amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 as regards the extension of measures for temporary relief from the slot utilisation rules due to the COVID-19 crisis

20

 

*

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/1890 of 2 August 2021 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 as regards marketing standards in the fruit and vegetables sector

23

 

*

Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/1891 of 26 October 2021 amending Annexes XIV and XV to Regulation (EU) No 142/2011 as regards imports into and transit through the Union of animal by-products and derived products ( 1 )

84

 

*

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1892 of 27 October 2021 amending Regulation (EC) No 1484/95 as regards fixing representative prices in the poultrymeat and egg sectors and for egg albumin

105

 

 

DECISIONS

 

*

Council Decision (CFSP) 2021/1893 of 28 October 2021 amending Decision 2010/573/CFSP concerning restrictive measures against the leadership of the Transnistrian region of the Republic of Moldova

108

 

*

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1894 of 28 October 2021 establishing the equivalence, for the purpose of facilitating the right of free movement within the Union, of COVID-19 certificates issued by the Republic of Armenia to the certificates issued in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2021/953 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 )

109

 

*

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2021/1895 of 28 October 2021 establishing the equivalence, for the purpose of facilitating the right of free movement within the Union, of COVID-19 certificates issued by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the certificates issued in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2021/953 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 )

112

 


 

(1)   Text with EEA relevance.

EN

Acts whose titles are printed in light type are those relating to day-to-day management of agricultural matters, and are generally valid for a limited period.

The titles of all other Acts are printed in bold type and preceded by an asterisk.


II Non-legislative acts

REGULATIONS

29.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 384/1


COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/1888

of 27 October 2021

fixing for 2022 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks applicable in the Baltic Sea and amending Regulation (EU) 2021/92 as regards certain fishing opportunities in other waters

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 43(3) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1) requires that conservation measures be adopted taking into account available scientific, technical and economic advice, including, where relevant, reports drawn up by the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries and other advisory bodies, as well as advice from advisory councils established for the relevant geographical areas of competence and joint recommendations made by Member States.

(2)

The Council is to adopt measures on the fixing and allocation of fishing opportunities, including certain conditions functionally linked to those fishing opportunities, as appropriate. Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 provides that fishing opportunities should be allocated to Member States in such a way as to ensure the relative stability of fishing activities of each Member State for each stock or fishery.

(3)

Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 provides that the objective of the Common Fisheries Policy is to achieve the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) exploitation rate by 2015 where possible and, on a progressive, incremental basis, at the latest by 2020 for all stocks. The objective of the transitory period until 2020 was to balance the achievement of MSY for all stocks with the possible socioeconomic implications of the possible adjustments of related fishing opportunities.

(4)

The total allowable catches (TACs) should therefore be established, in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, on the basis of the available scientific advice, taking into account biological and socioeconomic implications while ensuring fair treatment between fishing sectors and taking into account the opinions expressed during the consultation with stakeholders.

(5)

Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) establishes a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and for the fisheries exploiting those stocks (the ‘plan’). The plan aims to ensure that exploitation of living marine biological resources restores and maintains populations of harvested species above levels which can produce MSY. Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 provides that, for stocks subject to specific multiannual plans, the fishing opportunities are to be established in accordance with the rules laid down in those multiannual plans.

(6)

In accordance with Article 4(1) of the plan, the fishing opportunities for stocks listed in Article 1 of the plan were to be fixed to achieve fishing mortality at MSY, expressed in ranges, as soon as possible and, on a progressive, incremental basis, at the latest by 2020. The catch limits applicable in 2022 for the relevant stocks in the Baltic Sea should therefore be established in line with the objectives of the plan.

(7)

The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) published its annual stock advice for Baltic stocks on 28 May 2021. It indicated that the biomass of the western Baltic herring in ICES subdivisions 20-24 was only 54 % of the limit reference point for spawning stock biomass (Blim), below which it is possible that reproductive capacity might be reduced. Furthermore, recruitment remains at historically low levels. ICES therefore published for the fourth consecutive year an advice for zero catches for western Baltic herring. Pursuant to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EU) 2016/1139, all appropriate remedial measures should therefore be adopted to ensure a rapid return of the stock concerned to levels above the level capable of producing MSY. Moreover, that provision requires further remedial measures to be adopted. If the fishing opportunities for western Baltic herring were set at the level indicated in the ICES advice, the obligation to land all catches in mixed fisheries with by-catches of western Baltic herring would lead to the phenomenon of ‘choke species’. In order to strike the right balance between, on the one hand, allowing fisheries for other stocks to continue in view of otherwise potentially severe socioeconomic implications and, on the other hand, the need to achieve a good biological status for the stock, taking into account the difficulty of fishing all stocks in a mixed fishery at MSY at the same time, it is appropriate to establish a specific TAC for by-catches of western Baltic herring. However, fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations and in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3), as well as small-scale coastal fishermen fishing with certain passive gears, should be allowed to target western Baltic herring. The level of the TAC should be such that mortality is not increased and that it provides incentives for improvements in selectivity and avoidance.

(8)

As regards the eastern Baltic cod stock, since 2019 ICES has been able to base its precautionary advice on a more data-rich assessment. ICES estimates that the biomass of the eastern Baltic cod stock continues to be below Blim and has decreased further since 2020. ICES therefore published for the third consecutive year an advice for zero catches for eastern Baltic cod. Since 2019, strict conservation measures have been adopted in the Union. Pursuant to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EU) 2016/1139, the targeted fishery of eastern Baltic cod was closed and the TAC for unavoidable by-catches of eastern Baltic cod was set at a very low level to avoid the phenomenon of ‘choke species’ in other fisheries. Moreover, further remedial measures functionally linked to the fishing opportunities were adopted in the form of spawning closures and the prohibition of recreational fisheries in the main distribution area. Given the ICES advice and the unchanged stock situation, it is appropriate to maintain unchanged the level of fishing opportunities and the functionally linked remedial measures.

(9)

As regards western Baltic cod, scientific estimates have indicated for several years that the spawning stock biomass was below the reference point, below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken (Btrigger). Increasingly strict management measures have therefore been adopted in recent years. In 2021 ICES decided to perform a more in-depth assessment of the stock’s situation and hence postponed its advice to 10 September 2021. That assessment revealed that the biomass of the western Baltic cod stock was less than half of the previous estimate and that for more than 10 years it has been mostly below Blim. The current biomass is estimated to be about half of Blim. Recruitment has been historically low since 2018. ICES estimates with a 53 % probability that the stock biomass could increase slightly above Blim in 2023 even with some catches. In such a situation, pursuant to Article 5(2) of Regulation (EU) 2016/1139, remedial measure should be taken and the fishing opportunities set in a way to ensure the rapid return of the stock to a level above the level capable of producing MSY. The level of advised catches is so low that it cannot sustain both a directed fishery and the unavoidable by-catches in other fisheries, in particular in demersal flatfish fisheries. Therefore, it is appropriate to set a TAC limited to unavoidable by-catches in other fisheries to avoid the phenomenon of ‘choke species’, with an exemption for fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations and in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241. Moreover, further remedial measures functionally linked to the fishing opportunities were previously adopted in the form of spawning closures and limitations on recreational fisheries. Given the further severe deterioration of the stock, it is appropriate to extend the spawning closure from 15 January to 31 March in order to cover the period during which cod aggregates before spawning. An additional exemption from the spawning closure should be introduced for fishing vessels fishing with dredges for bivalve molluscs in ICES subdivision 22 in waters of less than 20 metres depth, since those fisheries take place outside of the cod spawning grounds and have very low by-catches of cod. Regarding recreational fisheries, contrary to previous years ICES was not in a position to provide a split between commercial and recreational catches, because of the low level of total advised catches. Given the condition of the stock, it is necessary to decrease the bag limit to the minimum in order to remain within the catch levels advised by ICES. Moreover, it is appropriate to no longer exempt recreational fisheries from the spawning closure period.

(10)

In 2020, ICES estimated that the biomass of the central Baltic herring had fallen below the spawning stock biomass reference point below which specific and appropriate management action is to be taken (Btrigger). In 2021, ICES estimated that the biomass had fallen further and is now close to Blim. It is therefore appropriate to set the fishing opportunities in accordance with Article 5(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/1139.

(11)

According to ICES advice, cod is by-caught in plaice fisheries. Sprat is caught in a mixed fishery with herring and is a prey species for cod. It is appropriate to take those multispecies interactions into account when setting the fishing opportunities for plaice and sprat.

(12)

Regarding salmon in ICES subdivisions 22-31, ICES had stated for several years previously that the status of the river stocks was very heterogeneous. In order to give experts more time to take that divergence better into account, ICES decided to postpone its advice to 15 September 2021. According to ICES advice, all commercial and recreational catches in the main basin, which are inherently mixed fisheries catching salmon from healthy and weak river stocks, should be stopped in order to protect the weak river stocks. ICES however considers that the existing directed fishery in the coastal areas of the Gulf of Bothnia and the Aland Sea could continue during the salmon summer migration. In order to strike the right balance between, on the one hand, allowing fisheries to continue in view of otherwise potentially severe socioeconomic implications and, on the other hand, the need to achieve a good biological status for the stock, taking into account the difficulty of fishing all stocks in a mixed fishery at MSY at the same time, it is appropriate to establish a specific TAC for by-catches of salmon in those areas, with the exemption of fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations and in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241, and of coastal fisheries north of latitude 59°30′N during the period from 1 May to 31 August. Given the ICES advice, it is appropriate to adopt further remedial measures functionally linked to the fishing opportunities. The use of longlines beyond four nautical miles should be prohibited since this is typically a gear used to target salmon. Moreover, in those areas where commercial fisheries are not allowed it should be allowed to retain only one fin-clipped salmon per angler per day in recreational fisheries. Finally, to avoid misreporting, all specimens of any fish species retained should be landed whole to be able to unequivocally identify them.

(13)

In order to ensure full use of coastal fishing opportunities, a limited inter-area flexibility for salmon from ICES subdivisions 22-31 to ICES subdivision 32 was introduced in 2019. Given the changes in fishing opportunities for those two stocks, it is appropriate to reduce that flexibility.

(14)

The introduction of a prohibition of fishing for sea trout beyond four nautical miles and of a limitation of by-catches of sea trout to 3 % of the combined catch of sea trout and salmon has contributed to a large extent to substantially reducing previously significant misreporting of catches in the salmon fishery, in particular as sea trout catches. It is therefore appropriate to maintain that provision in order to maintain a low level of misreporting.

(15)

The use of the fishing opportunities set out in this Regulation is subject to Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 (4), and in particular Articles 33 and 34 thereof concerning the recording of catches and fishing effort, and the transmission of data on the exhaustion of fishing opportunities to the Commission. This Regulation should therefore specify the codes relating to landings of stocks subject to this Regulation that are to be used by Member States when sending data to the Commission.

(16)

Council Regulation (EC) No 847/96 (5) introduced additional conditions for the year-to-year management of TACs including, under its Articles 3 and 4, flexibility provisions for precautionary and analytical TACs. Under Article 2 of that Regulation, when fixing the TACs, the Council is to decide to which stocks Article 3 or 4 are not to apply, in particular on the basis of the biological status of the stocks. More recently, the year-to-year flexibility mechanism was introduced by Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for all stocks that are subject to the landing obligation. Therefore, to avoid excessive flexibility that would undermine the principle of rational and responsible exploitation of living marine biological resources, hinder the achievement of the objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy and cause the biological status of the stocks to deteriorate, it should be established that Articles 3 and 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 apply to analytical TACs only where the year-to-year flexibility provided for in Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 is not used.

(17)

Moreover, given that the biomass of the stock of eastern Baltic cod, western Baltic herring and western Baltic cod is below Blim and that only by-catch, scientific fisheries and, in the case of western Baltic herring, certain small-scale coastal fisheries are permitted in 2022, the Member States having a quota share of the relevant TAC have undertaken not to apply the year-to-year flexibility provided for in Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 for those stocks in 2022 so that catches in 2022 will not exceed the TAC set for eastern Baltic cod, western Baltic herring and western Baltic cod. Furthermore, given that the biomass of the salmon river stocks south of latitude 59°30′N are almost all below the limit reference point for smolt production (Rlim) and that in that area only by-catch and scientific fisheries are permitted in 2022, the relevant Member States have undertaken a similar commitment regarding year-to-year flexibility in relation to main basin salmon catches in 2022.

(18)

The fishing year for Norway pout in ICES division 3a, United Kingdom waters of ICES division 2a and United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES subarea 4 is from 1 November to 31 October. In order to allow for the start of the fishery on 1 November 2021, and on the basis of new scientific advice and following consultations with the United Kingdom, it is necessary to set a preliminary TAC for Norway pout in ICES division 3a, United Kingdom waters of ICES division 2a and United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES subarea 4 for the period from 1 November 2021 to 31 December 2021. That preliminary TAC should be set in line with ICES advice published on 8 October 2021.

(19)

In Council Regulation (EU) 2021/92 (6), the fishing opportunities table for mackerel in the North Sea refers to waters of 3a and 4, United Kingdom waters of 2a, Union waters of 3b, 3c and subdivisions 22-32 in line with the Trade and Cooperation Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, of the one part, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the other part (7). However, in 2021, consultations on mackerel between the coastal States did not lead to an agreement on access arrangements between the Union, the United Kingdom and Norway. Therefore, the Union does not have access to fish its mackerel quota in Norwegian waters of the North Sea.

(20)

In 2021, the Union concluded negotiations with the United Kingdom on fishing opportunities and management measures for certain TACs for 2021, including for mackerel, which enables the Union to fish its mackerel quota in United Kingdom waters. As a result, the relevant fishing opportunities tables should be amended accordingly to reflect the fishing area delimitations in the waters of the North Sea to United Kingdom and Union waters.

(21)

In 2021, the Union does not have access to fish its mackerel quota in Norwegian waters of the North Sea. Regulation (EU) 2021/92 includes the fishing opportunities table for mackerel in Norwegian waters of 2a and 4a and it should be possible to fish the quota of 13 359 tonnes allocated to Denmark in Union and United Kingdom waters of the North Sea. A footnote should be inserted in the relevant fishing opportunities table to allow Denmark to fish that quota in Union and United Kingdom waters of the North Sea. The United Kingdom has been consulted on that possibility and raised no objection to the approach allowing that quota to be fished in those United Kingdom waters as of 12 October 2021.

(22)

The Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Union, of the one part, and the Government of Greenland and the Government of Denmark, of the other part, and the implementing Protocol thereto (8), provide that the Union is to receive 7,7 % of the TAC for capelin to be fished in Greenland waters of ICES subareas 5 and 14. On 5 October 2021, the Union received information from the Greenland authorities that ICES has issued an advice for capelin for the 2021/2022 season at the level of 904 200 tonnes as TAC. Following scientific advice and based on the agreement reached between Greenland, Iceland and Norway on capelin, the Government of Greenland has fixed a quota of 135 630 tonnes. In accordance with the implementing Protocol, Greenland would like to offer the Union 69 623 tonnes of capelin, which equals to 7,7 % of the total TAC. That TAC should now be set on that basis. Furthermore, Greenland, Iceland and Norway agreed, as part of their framework arrangement on the conservation and management of capelin, on new fishing season arrangements. Therefore, it is also necessary to reflect the change in the fishing season, which should now refer to a period from 15 October 2021 to 15 April 2022.

(23)

Fishing authorisations are granted by the Commission to vessels flying the Venezuelan flag in order to allow them to fish for snapper in Union waters off the coast of French Guiana. The proposed amendment aims to ensure the continuity of fishing operations during the authorisation process in between two years under certain conditions.

(24)

Regulation (EU) 2021/92 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(25)

To avoid the interruption of fishing activities and to ensure the livelihoods of Union fishermen, the provisions of this Regulation concerning the Baltic Sea should apply from 1 January 2022. The catch limits provided for in Regulation (EU) 2021/92 apply from 1 January 2021. The provisions introduced by this Regulation concerning those catch limits should therefore also apply from 1 January 2021. However, this Regulation should apply to Norway pout in ICES division 3a, United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES subarea 4 and United Kingdom waters in ICES division 2a from 1 November 2021 until 31 October 2022. In view of the need to continue sustainable fishing activities and to start the relevant fisheries on time for the opening of the fishing seasons, the provisions of this Regulation concerning catch limits for mackerel in Norwegian waters of the North Sea and capelin in Greenland waters of ICES subareas 5 and 14 should apply from 12 October 2021 and 15 October 2021 respectively. Since the fishing opportunities concerned either have not yet been exhausted or will be increased by this Regulation, the principles of legal certainty and protection of legitimate expectations are not affected by the retroactive application of this Regulation. For reasons of urgency, this Regulation should enter into force immediately after its publication,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject matter

This Regulation fixes the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks in the Baltic Sea for 2022 and amends certain fishing opportunities in other waters fixed by Regulation (EU) 2021/92.

Article 2

Scope

1.   This Regulation applies to Union fishing vessels operating in the Baltic Sea.

2.   This Regulation also applies to recreational fisheries where they are expressly referred to in the relevant provisions.

Article 3

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the definitions laid down in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 apply.

In addition, the following definitions apply:

(1)

‘subdivision’ means an International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) subdivision of the Baltic Sea as defined in Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 218/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (9);

(2)

‘total allowable catch’ (TAC) means the quantity of each stock that can be caught over the period of a year;

(3)

‘quota’ means a proportion of the TAC allocated to the Union, a Member State or a third country;

(4)

‘recreational fisheries’ means non-commercial fishing activities exploiting marine biological resources such as for recreation, tourism or sport.

CHAPTER II

FISHING OPPORTUNITIES

Article 4

TACs and allocations

The TACs, quotas and conditions functionally linked thereto, where appropriate, are set out in the Annex.

Article 5

Special provisions on allocation of fishing opportunities

The allocation of fishing opportunities among Member States, as set out in this Regulation, shall be without prejudice to:

(a)

exchanges made pursuant to Article 16(8) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013;

(b)

deductions and reallocations made pursuant to Article 37 of Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009;

(c)

additional landings allowed under Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 or under Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013;

(d)

quantities withheld in accordance with Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 or transferred under Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013;

(e)

deductions made pursuant to Articles 105 and 107 of Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009.

Article 6

Conditions for landing of catches and by-catches

The stocks of non-target species within the safe biological limits referred to in Article 15(8) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 which qualify for the derogation from the obligation to count catches against the relevant quota are identified in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 7

Closures to protect cod spawning

1.   It shall be prohibited to fish with any type of fishing gear in subdivisions 25 and 26 from 1 May to 31 August.

2.   An exemption from the prohibition laid down in paragraph 1 shall apply in the following cases:

(a)

fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations, provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241;

(b)

Union fishing vessels of less than 12 metres in length overall that fish with gillnets, entangling nets or trammel nets, with bottom set lines, longlines within four nautical miles measured from the baselines, drifting lines, handlines and jigging equipment or similar passive gear, in areas where the water depth is less than 20 metres according to the coordinates on the official sea chart issued by the competent national authorities;

(c)

Union fishing vessels fishing in subdivision 25 for pelagic stocks for direct human consumption, using gears with a mesh size of 45 mm or less, in areas where the water depth is less than 50 metres according to the coordinates on the official sea chart issued by the competent national authorities, and whose landings are sorted.

3.   It shall be prohibited to fish with any type of fishing gear in subdivisions 22 and 23 from 15 January to 31 March and in subdivision 24 from 15 May to 15 August.

4.   An exemption from the prohibition laid down in paragraph 3 shall apply in the following cases:

(a)

fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations, provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241;

(b)

Union fishing vessels of less than 12 metres in length overall that fish with gillnets, entangling nets or trammel nets, with bottom set lines, longlines within four nautical miles measured from the baselines, drifting lines, handlines and jigging equipment or similar passive gear, in areas where the water depth is less than 20 metres according to the coordinates on the official sea chart issued by the competent national authorities;

(c)

Union fishing vessels fishing in subdivision 24 for pelagic stocks for direct human consumption, using gears with a mesh size of 45 mm or less, in areas where the water depth is less than 40 metres according to the coordinates on the official sea chart issued by the competent national authorities, and whose landings are sorted;

(d)

Union fishing vessels fishing with dredges for bivalve molluscs in subdivision 22, in areas where the water depth is less than 20 metres according to the coordinates on the official sea chart issued by the competent national authorities.

5.   Masters of fishing vessels as referred to in paragraph 2, point (b) or (c), and paragraph 4, point (b), (c) or (d), shall ensure that their fishing activity can be monitored at any time by the control authorities of the Member State.

Article 8

Measures on recreational fisheries of cod in subdivisions 22-26

1.   In recreational fisheries, no more than one specimen of cod may be retained per fisherman per day in subdivisions 22 and 23, and in subdivision 24 within six nautical miles measured from the baselines, except in the period from 15 January to 31 March, when recreational fisheries of cod shall be prohibited.

2.   Recreational fisheries of cod shall be prohibited in subdivision 24 beyond six nautical miles measured from the baselines, and in subdivisions 25 and 26.

3.   This Article is without prejudice to more stringent national measures.

Article 9

Measures on recreational fisheries of salmon in subdivisions 22-31

1.   Recreational fisheries of salmon shall be prohibited in subdivisions 22-31. Any specimen of salmon caught shall be immediately released back into the sea.

2.   By way of derogation from paragraph 1, recreational fisheries of salmon shall be allowed under the following cumulative conditions:

(a)

no more than one specimen of adipose fin-clipped salmon may be retained per fisherman per day;

(b)

all specimens of any fish species retained shall be landed whole.

3.   By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2, north of latitude 59°30′N recreational fisheries of salmon shall be allowed from 1 May to 31 August without restrictions in areas within four nautical miles measured from the baselines.

4.   This Article is without prejudice to more stringent national measures.

Article 10

Measures for the conservation of the sea trout and salmon stocks in subdivisions 22-32

1.   It shall be prohibited for fishing vessels to fish for sea trout beyond four nautical miles measured from the baselines in subdivisions 22-32 from 1 January to 31 December 2022. When fishing for salmon beyond four nautical miles measured from the baselines in subdivision 32, by-catches of sea trout shall not exceed 3 % of the total catch of salmon and sea trout at any moment on board or landed after each fishing trip.

2.   Fishing with longlines beyond four nautical miles measured from the baselines in subdivisions 22-31 shall be prohibited.

3.   This Article is without prejudice to more stringent national measures.

Article 11

Flexibility

1.   Except where specified otherwise in the Annex to this Regulation, Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 applies to stocks subject to precautionary TACs and Article 3(2) and (3) and Article 4 of that Regulation applies to stocks subject to an analytical TAC.

2.   Article 3(2) and (3) and Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply where a Member State uses the year-to-year flexibility provided for in Article 15(9) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013.

Article 12

Data transmission

When, pursuant to Articles 33 and 34 of Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009, Member States send data relating to quantities of stocks caught or landed to the Commission, they shall use the stock codes set out in the Annex to this Regulation.

CHAPTER III

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 13

Amendments to Regulation (EU) 2021/92

Regulation (EU) 2021/92 is amended as follows:

(1)

Annex IA is amended as follows:

(a)

the fishing opportunities table for cod in ICES division 7d is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Cod

Gadus morhua

Zone:

7d

(COD/07D.)

Belgium

33

(1)

Analytical TAC

Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

France

649

(1)

Netherlands

19

(1)

Union

701

(1)

United Kingdom

71

(2)

TAC

772

 

(1)

Special condition: of which up to 5 % may be fished in 4, in that part of 3a which is not covered by the Skagerrak and Kattegat and in United Kingdom waters of 2a (COD/*2A3X4).

(2)

Special condition: of which up to 5 % may be fished in United Kingdom and Union waters of 4, in that part of 3a which is not covered by the Skagerrak and Kattegat and in United Kingdom waters of 2a (COD/*2A3X4)’

(b)

the fishing opportunities table for mackerel in United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES division 2a, and subareas 3 and 4 is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Mackerel

Scomber scombrus

Zone:

United Kingdom and Union waters of 2a, 3 and 4

(MAC/2A34.)

Belgium

544

(1)(2)

Analytical TAC

Article 8(2) of this Regulation applies

Denmark

18 666

(1)(2)

Germany

567

(1)(2)

France

1 713

(1)(2)

The Netherlands

1 724

(1)(2)

Sweden

5 108

(1)(2)(3)

Union

28 322

(1)(2)

Norway

Not relevant

(4)

United Kingdom

Not relevant

(1)(2)(3)

TAC

852 284

 

(1)

Special condition: up to 60 % may be fished in United Kingdom and international waters of 2a, 5b, 6, 7, 8d, 8e, 12 and 14 (MAC/*2AX14).

(2)

Within the limits of the abovementioned quotas, no more than the quantities given below may also be taken in the two following zones:

 

Norwegian waters of 2a (MAC/*02AN-)

Faroese waters (MAC/*FRO1)

Belgium

0

0

Denmark

0

0

Germany

0

0

France

0

0

The Netherlands

0

0

Sweden

0

0

Union

0

0

(3)

Special condition: including the following tonnage to be taken in Norwegian waters of 2a and 4a (MAC/*2A4AN):

 

251

When fishing under this special condition, by-catches of cod, haddock, pollack, whiting and saithe are to be counted against the quotas for those species.

(4)

To be deducted from Norway’s share of the TAC (access quota). This amount includes the following Norwegian share of the North Sea TAC:

 

0

This quota may be fished in 4a only (MAC/*04A.), except for the following amount, in tonnes, which may be fished in 3a (MAC/*03A.):

 

0

Special condition: within the limits of the abovementioned quotas, no more than the quantities given below may be taken in the following zones:


 

3a

United Kingdom and Union waters of 3a and 4bc

4b

4c

United Kingdom and international waters of 2a, 5b, 6, 7, 8d, 8e, 12 and 14

 

(MAC/*03A.)

(MAC/*3A4BC)

(MAC/*04B.)

(MAC/*04C.)

(MAC/*2A6.)

Belgium

0

0

0

0

326

Denmark

0

4 130

0

0

11 200

Germany

0

0

0

0

340

France

0

490

0

0

1 028

The Netherlands

0

490

0

0

1 034

Sweden

0

0

390

10

3 065

Union

0

5 110

390

10

16 993

United Kingdom

0

Not relevant

0

0

Not relevant

Norway

0

0

0

0

0 ’

(c)

the fishing opportunities table for mackerel in Norwegian waters of ICES divisions 2a and 4a is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Mackerel

Scomber scombrus

Zone:

Norwegian waters of 2a and 4a

(MAC/2A4A-N)

Denmark

 

13 359

(1)

Analytical TAC

Union

 

13 359

(1)

TAC

 

Not relevant

 

(1)

In 2021, this quota may only be fished in United Kingdom and Union waters of 2a, 3 and 4 (MAC/*2A34X).’

(d)

the fishing opportunities table for Norway pout and associated by-catches in ICES division 3a and the United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES subarea 4 and United Kingdom waters of ICES division 2a is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Norway pout and associated by-catches

Trisopterus esmarkii

Zone:

3a; United Kingdom and Union waters of 4; United Kingdom waters of 2a

(NOP/2A3A4.)

Year

2021

2022

 

Denmark

116 447

(1)(3)

24 727

(1)(6)

Analytical TAC

Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

Germany

22

(1)(2)(3)

5

(1)(2)(6)

The Netherlands

86

(1)(2)(3)

18

(1)(2)(6)

Union

116 555

(1)(3)

24 750

(1)(6)

United Kingdom

11 745

(2)(3)

5 250

(2)(6)

Norway

0

(4)

0

(4)

Faroe Islands

0

(5)

0

(5)

TAC

Not relevant

 

Not relevant

 

(1)

Up to 5 % of the quota may consist of by-catches of haddock and whiting (OT2/*2A3A4). By-catches of haddock and whiting counted against the quota pursuant to this provision and by-catches of species counted against the quota pursuant to Article 15(8) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 shall, together, not exceed 9 % of the quota.

(2)

Quota may be fished in United Kingdom and Union waters of ICES zones 2a, 3a and 4 only.

(3)

May only be fished from 1 November 2020 to 31 October 2021.

(4)

A sorting grid shall be used.

(5)

A sorting grid shall be used. Includes a maximum of 15 % of unavoidable by-catches (NOP/*2A3A4), to be counted against this quota.

(6)

May only be fished from 1 November 2021 to 31 December 2021.’

(e)

the fishing opportunities table for other species in Union waters of ICES subarea 4 and division 6a north of 56°30′N is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Other species

Zone:

Union waters of 4 and 6a north of 56° 30′ N

(OTH/2A46AN)

Union

Not relevant

 

Precautionary TAC

Norway

1 000

(1)(2)

Faroe Islands

0

 

TAC

Not relevant

 

(1)

Limited to 4 (OTH/*2A4-C).

(2)

Species not covered by other TACs.’

(2)

in Annex IB, the fishing opportunities table for capelin in Greenland waters of 5 and 14 is replaced by the following:

‘Species:

Capelin

Mallotus villosus

Zone:

Greenland waters of 5 and 14

(CAP/514GRN)

Denmark

51 088

 

Analytical TAC

Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 shall not apply

Germany

2 224

 

Sweden

3 666

 

All Member States

2 645

(1)

Union

59 623

(2)

Norway

10 000

(2)

TAC

Not relevant

 

(1)

Denmark, Germany and Sweden may access the ‘All Member States’ quota only once they have exhausted their own quota. However, Member States with more than 10 % of the Union quota shall not access the ‘All Member States’ quota at all. Catches to be counted against this shared quota shall be reported separately (CAP/514GRN_AMS).

(2)

For a fishing period from 15 October 2021 to 15 April 2022.’

(3)

in Annex V, Part B, the following footnote relating to Venezuela is added to the table setting out the maximum number of fishing authorisations for third-country vessels fishing in Union waters:

‘(2)

Fishing activities are authorised on an annual calendar basis. However, a fishing vessel can continue its fishing activities up to three months after expiry of its fishing authorisation, provided that the operator:

initiated the renewal process of its fishing authorisation;

fulfilled all its contractual and information communication obligations.

This extension expires upon entry into force of the Commission decision delivering a new fishing authorisation or notification of the refusal of the new fishing authorisation to that vessel.’.

Article 14

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 January 2022.

By way of derogation from the second paragraph:

(a)

Article 13, points (1)(a), (1)(b) and (1)(e) and point (3), shall apply from 1 January 2021;

(b)

Article 13, point (1)(c), shall apply from 12 October 2021;

(c)

Article 13, point (2), shall apply from 15 October 2021 until 15 April 2022;

(d)

Article 13, point (1)(d), shall apply from 1 November 2021 until 31 October 2022.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 27 October 2021.

For the Council

The President

G. DOVŽAN


(1)  Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 22).

(2)  Regulation (EU) 2016/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 establishing a multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 2187/2005 and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1098/2007 (OJ L 191, 15.7.2016, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2019/1241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on the conservation of fisheries resources and the protection of marine ecosystems through technical measures, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1967/2006, (EC) No 1224/2009 and Regulations (EU) No 1380/2013, (EU) 2016/1139, (EU) 2018/973, (EU) 2019/472 and (EU) 2019/1022 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 894/97, (EC) No 850/98, (EC) No 2549/2000, (EC) No 254/2002, (EC) No 812/2004 and (EC) No 2187/2005 (OJ L 198, 25.7.2019, p. 105).

(4)  Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Union control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy, amending Regulations (EC) No 847/96, (EC) No 2371/2002, (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 768/2005, (EC) No 2115/2005, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) No 509/2007, (EC) No 676/2007, (EC) No 1098/2007, (EC) No 1300/2008, (EC) No 1342/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No 2847/93, (EC) No 1627/94 and (EC) No 1966/2006 (OJ L 343, 22.12.2009, p. 1).

(5)  Council Regulation (EC) No 847/96 of 6 May 1996 introducing additional conditions for year-to-year management of TACs and quotas (OJ L 115, 9.5.1996, p. 3).

(6)  Council Regulation (EU) 2021/92 of 28 January 2021 fixing for 2021 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, for Union fishing vessels, in certain non-Union waters (OJ L 31, 29.1.2021, p. 31).

(7)  OJ L 149, 30.4.2021, p. 10.

(8)  OJ L 175, 18.5.2021, p. 3.

(9)  Regulation (EC) No 218/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on the submission of nominal catch statistics by Member States fishing in the north-east Atlantic (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 70).


ANNEX

TACs APPLICABLE TO UNION FISHING VESSELS IN AREAS WHERE TACs EXIST BY SPECIES AND BY AREA

The following tables set out the TACs and quotas (in tonnes live weight, except where otherwise specified) by stock, and conditions functionally linked thereto.

The references to fishing zones are references to ICES zones, unless otherwise specified.

The fish stocks are referred to using the alphabetical order of the Latin names of the species.

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following comparative table of Latin names and common names is provided:

Scientific name

Alpha-3 code

Common name

Clupea harengus

HER

Herring

Gadus morhua

COD

Cod

Pleuronectes platessa

PLE

Plaice

Salmo salar

SAL

Atlantic salmon

Sprattus sprattus

SPR

Sprat


Table 1

Species:

Herring

Clupea harengus

Zone:

Subdivisions 30-31

(HER/30/31.)

Finland

91 287

 

Analytical TAC

Sweden

20 058

 

Union

111 345

 

TAC

111 345

 

 


Table 2

Species:

Herring

Clupea harengus

Zone:

Subdivisions 22-24

(HER/3BC+24)

Denmark

110

(1)

Analytical TAC

Article 3(2) and (3) of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply.

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply.

Germany

435

(1)

Finland

0

(1)

Poland

103

(1)

Sweden

140

(1)

Union

788

(1)

TAC

788

(1)

(1)

Exclusively for by-catches. No directed fisheries are permitted under this quota.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations may be directed to herring provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing this quota is permitted for Union fishing vessels of less than 12 metres length overall fishing with gillnets, entangling nets, handlines, pound nets or jigging equipment. Masters of those fishing vessels shall ensure that their fishing activity can be monitored at any time by the control authorities of the Member State.


Table 3

Species:

Herring

Clupea harengus

Zone:

Union waters of subdivisions 25-27, 28.2, 29 and 32

(HER/3D-R30)

Denmark

1 180

 

Analytical TAC

Article 6 of this Regulation applies.

Germany

313

 

Estonia

6 028

 

Finland

11 766

 

Latvia

1 488

 

Lithuania

1 566

 

Poland

13 367

 

Sweden

17 945

 

Union

53 653

 

TAC

Not relevant


Table 4

Species:

Herring

Clupea harengus

Zone:

Subdivision 28.1

(HER/03D.RG)

Estonia

22 026

 

Analytical TAC

Article 6 of this Regulation applies.

Latvia

25 671

 

Union

47 697

 

TAC

47 697

 


Table 5

Species:

Cod

Gadus morhua

Zone:

Union waters of subdivisions 25-32

(COD/3DX32.)

Denmark

137

(1)

Precautionary TAC

Article 3(2) and (3) of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 do not apply.

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply.

Germany

54

(1)

Estonia

13

(1)

Finland

10

(1)

Latvia

51

(1)

Lithuania

33

(1)

Poland

159

(1)

Sweden

138

(1)

Union

595

(1)

TAC

Not relevant

(1)

Exclusively for by-catches. No directed fisheries are permitted under this quota.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations may be directed to cod provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241.


Table 6

Species:

Cod

Gadus morhua

Zone:

Subdivisions 22-24

(COD/3BC+24)

Denmark

214

(1)

Analytical TAC

Article 3(2) and (3) of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 do not apply.

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply.

Germany

104

(1)

Estonia

5

(1)

Finland

4

(1)

Latvia

18

(1)

Lithuania

11

(1)

Poland

57

(1)

Sweden

76

(1)

Union

489

(1)

TAC

489

(1)

(1)

Exclusively for by-catches. No directed fisheries are permitted under this quota.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations may be directed to cod provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241.


Table 7

Species:

Plaice

Pleuronectes platessa

Zone:

Union waters of subdivisions 22-32

(PLE/3BCD-C)

Denmark

6 483

 

Analytical TAC

Article 6 of this Regulation applies.

Germany

720

 

Poland

1 358

 

Sweden

489

 

Union

9 050

 

TAC

9 050

 


Table 8

Species:

Atlantic salmon

Salmo salar

Zone:

Union waters of subdivisions 22-31

(SAL/3BCD-F)

Denmark

13 223

(1)(2)

Analytical TAC

Article 3(2) and (3) of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 do not apply.

Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 847/96 does not apply.

Germany

1 471

(1)(2)

Estonia

1 344

(1)(2)(3)

Finland

16 488

(1)(2)

Latvia

8 411

(1)(2)

Lithuania

989

(1)(2)

Poland

4 011

(1)(2)

Sweden

17 874

(1)(2)

Union

63 811

(1)(2)

TAC

Not relevant

(1)

Expressed by number of individual fish.

(2)

Exclusively for by-catches. No directed fisheries are permitted under this quota.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing operations conducted for the exclusive purpose of scientific investigations may be directed to salmon provided that those investigations are carried out in full compliance with the conditions set out in Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1241.

By way of derogation from the first paragraph, fishing this quota is permitted for Union fishing vessels north of latitude 59°30′N in areas within four nautical miles measured from the baselines during the period from 1 May to 31 August.

(3)

Special condition: no more than 450 specimens of this quota may be fished in Union waters of subdivision 32 (SAL/*3D32).


Table 9

Species:

Atlantic salmon

Salmo salar

Zone:

Union waters of subdivision 32

(SAL/3D32.)

Estonia

969

(1)

Precautionary TAC

Finland

8 486

(1)

Union

9 455

(1)

TAC

Not relevant

(1)

Expressed by number of individual fish.


Table 10

Species:

Sprat

Sprattus sprattus

Zone:

Union waters of subdivisions 22-32

(SPR/3BCD-C)

Denmark

24 852

 

Analytical TAC

Article 6 of this Regulation applies.

Germany

15 745

 

Estonia

28 859

 

Finland

13 010

 

Latvia

34 855

 

Lithuania

12 608

 

Poland

73 969

 

Sweden

48 045

 

Union

251 943

 

TAC

Not relevant

 


29.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 384/20


COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2021/1889

of 23 July 2021

amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 as regards the extension of measures for temporary relief from the slot utilisation rules due to the COVID-19 crisis

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 of 18 January 1993 on common rules for the allocation of slots at Community airports (1), and in particular Article 10a(5)thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

The COVID-19 crisis continues to cause a drop in air traffic as a result of a significant fall in demand for air travel and direct measures taken by the Member States as well as third countries to contain the spread of COVID-19. Eurocontrol reported that in the first half of 2021, air traffic in the EEA airspace has been rather stable and accounted for approximately 38 % of 2019 air traffic in the corresponding period with an upward trend. According to the Eurocontrol forecast, the annual average air traffic is expected to reach 50 % and 72 % in 2021 and 2022 respectively, on the basis of the most realistic forecast scenario.

(2)

Such circumstances are beyond the control of air carriers and consequent voluntary or obligatory cancellations of air services by air carriers in line with evolving demand is a necessary or legitimate response to those circumstances.

(3)

Pursuant to Article 8(2) of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93, read in conjunction with Article 10(2), air carriers are to use at least 80 % of a slot series allocated to them, or lose historical precedence for those slots, known as the ‘use-it-or-lose-it-rule’. In light of the COVID-19 crisis, and to protect the financial health of air carriers and avoid the negative environmental impact of empty or largely-empty flights operated only for the purpose of maintaining underlying airport slots, the ‘use-it-or-lose-it’ rule was suspended from 1 March 2020 until 28 March 2021.

(4)

On 16 February 2021, and given the continuing impact of the COVID-19 crisis on air traffic, the Union amended Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 to grant airlines further relief from the ‘use-it-or-lose-it’ rule during the summer 2021 scheduling period by suspending the rule for a further period from 28 March 2021 to 30 October 2021.

(5)

Pursuant to Article 10a(5) of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93, the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts to amend the period of suspension of the ‘use-it-or-lose-it’ rule set out in Article 10a(3).

(6)

Furthermore, pursuant to Article 10a(5) of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93, the Commission is empowered to adopt, where strictly necessary in order to address the evolving impact of the COVID-19 crisis on air traffic levels, delegated acts to amend the slot use rate within a range between 30 % and 70 %.

(7)

Despite a gradual increase, air traffic levels in the first half of 2021 are still low when compared to the same period in 2019, at approximately 38 % on average of 2019 air traffic in the corresponding period. While acknowledging the difficulties in accurately predicting the recovery path of air traffic levels, it is reasonable to expect the situation to persist in the near future with a steady narrowing of the gap between air traffic in 2021 when compared to 2019. Based on the four-year Eurocontrol forecast of 21 May 2021, under the most likely scenario, which assumes that vaccination should achieve efficacy in 2022, annual traffic levels would reach an annual average of 50 % to 72 % of the corresponding 2019 levels, in 2021 and 2022 respectively. On the basis of the available Eurocontrol monthly forecasts for 2021 and the available Eurocontrol annual average for 2022, air traffic during the winter 2021/2022 scheduling period is expected to be at 70 % of 2019 levels.

(8)

Data compiled by the World Health Organisation and the European Centre for Disease Control demonstrates that the persistent reduction of air traffic is the result of the impact of the COVID-19 crisis. The available data shows a correlation between the evolving numbers of cases and the Member States’ and third countries’ responses to those evolving numbers, by adopting measures that have an impact on air travel, and result in a decline in air traffic. Such measures, which can be implemented or lifted at a very short notice contribute to a climate of uncertainty and negatively impact consumer confidence and booking behaviour.

(9)

Due to the evolving numbers of COVID-19 cases and the possible spread of new variants, it is reasonable to expect a significant number of cancellations as a consequence of the COVID-19 crisis over the forthcoming winter scheduling period, running from 31 October 2021 to 26 March 2022, if airlines were required to operate their full 2019 slot portfolios in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93.

(10)

It is therefore necessary to extend the period laid down in Article 10a(3) of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93 from 31 October 2021 to 26 March 2022.

(11)

The demand for travel during the winter scheduling period from 31 October 2021 to 26 March 2022 could still remain low despite progress of vaccination campaigns, increased safety for travel, and countries’ scale back of measures impacting travel. A persistent low demand during the winter scheduling period could likely be an indication of long term structural changes in the market and consumer behaviour. Therefore, the slot use rate should on the one hand avoid unintended negative consequences on airlines’ financial situation and negative environmental impacts due to empty or largely-empty flights operated only to retain historical rights on slots, and on the other hand, either incentivise airlines to make efficient use of airport capacity, or release the slots to the pool for other users in order to ensure the efficient use of airport capacity.

(12)

Moreover, the slot use rate should be set at a rate which guarantees a minimum amount of services in order to increase passenger trust, efficient use of airport capacity during the 2021/2022 winter scheduling period and reliable connectivity.

(13)

The slot use rate should also take into account more long-term structural changes in the market and consumer behaviour, in order to allow the market to gradually adapt to changing demand and unlock capacity for the winter 2022/2023 scheduling period. In particular, since some airlines have made use of ad hoc slots during 2020 and the beginning of 2021 without obtaining historic slots.

(14)

Therefore, the slot use rate for the winter 2021/2022 scheduling period should be set to 50 %.

(15)

While it is generally assumed that air carriers would operate as soon as demand returns, a lower use threshold poses the risk that some carriers may limit operations at some airports to the minimum necessary just for the purpose of maintaining historic rights in those slots to the detriment of competitors, airport operators and consumers. The possible release of some airport capacity due to this new use rate is not likely to cause a severe disruption to airlines’ operations and networks, which a higher use rate would.

(16)

For the purposes of legal certainty, in particular for slot coordinators and air operators, this Regulation should enter into force as a matter of urgency on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

In Article 10a of Regulation (EEC) No 95/93, paragraph 3 is replaced by the following:

‘3.   In respect of slots which have not been made available to the coordinator for reallocation in accordance with Article 10(2a), during the period from 28 March 2021 until 26 March 2022 and for the purposes of Articles 8(2) and 10(2), if an air carrier demonstrates to the satisfaction of the coordinator that the series of slots in question has been operated, as cleared by the coordinator, by that air carrier for at least 50 % of the time during the scheduling period of 28 March 2021 to 30 October 2021, and 50 % of the time during the scheduling period of 31 October 2021 to 26 March 2022, the air carrier shall be entitled to the same series of slots for the next equivalent scheduling period.

In respect of the period referred to in the first subparagraph of this paragraph, the percentage values referred to in Article 10(4) and in point (a) of Article 14(6) shall be 50 % for the scheduling period of 28 March 2021 to 30 October 2021, and 50 % for the scheduling period of 31 October 2021 to 26 March 2022.’

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 23 July 2021.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)  OJ L 14, 22.1.1993, p. 1.


29.10.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 384/23


COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2021/1890

of 2 August 2021

amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 as regards marketing standards in the fruit and vegetables sector

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007 (1), and in particular Article 75(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Annex I to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 (2) lays down detailed rules on marketing standards for fruit and vegetables.

(2)

From 2018 to 2020 the Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) revised the UNECE standards for sweet peppers (2018 and 2020), table grapes (2019 and 2020), apples and pears (2020). In order to avoid unnecessary barriers to trade, the general and specific marketing standards for those fruits and vegetables provided for in Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 should be aligned with the new UNECE standards.

(3)

Considering that those revised UNECE standards were successfully submitted to the approval of the Member States according to the procedure laid down in the Council Decision (EU) 2017/2104 of 6 November 2017 on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the UNECE — Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards (UNECE-WP.7) (3).

(4)

Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 should therefore be amended accordingly,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendment of Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011

Annex I of Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 is replaced by the text set out in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the seventh day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 2 August 2021.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)  OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 671.

(2)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 543/2011 of 7 June 2011 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 in respect of the fruit and vegetables and processed fruit and vegetables sectors (OJ L 157, 15.6.2011, p. 1).

(3)  Council Decision (EU) 2017/2104 of 6 November 2017 on the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union within the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe — Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards (UNECE-WP.7) concerning proposals on quality standards for fruit and vegetables (OJ L 303, 18.11.2017, p. 1).


ANNEX

‘ANNEX I

MARKETING STANDARDS REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 3

PART A

General marketing standard

The purpose of this general marketing standard is to define the quality requirements for fruit and vegetables, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

1.   Minimum requirements

Subject to the tolerances allowed, the products shall be:

intact,

sound; products affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make them unfit for consumption are excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The condition of the products must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling,

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

2.   Minimum maturity requirements

The products must be sufficiently developed, but not overdeveloped, and fruit must display satisfactory ripeness and must not be overripe.

The development and state of maturity of the products must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach a satisfactory degree of ripeness.

3.   Tolerance

A tolerance of 10 % by number or weight of product not satisfying the minimum quality requirements shall be permitted in each lot. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

4.   Marking

Each package (1) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example: street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference ‘Packer and/or Dispatcher’ (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention ‘Packed for:’ or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Origin

Full name of the country of origin (2). For products originating in a Member State this shall be in the language of the country of origin or any other language understandable by the consumers of the country of destination. For other products, this shall be in any language understandable by the consumers of the country of destination.

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART B

Specific marketing standards

PART 1: MARKETING STANDARD FOR APPLES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to apples of varieties (cultivars) grown from Malus domestica Borkh., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, apples for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for apples, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, apples must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free from serious watercore, except for varieties marked with "V" listed in the appendix to this standard,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the apples must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The apples must be sufficiently developed, and display satisfactory ripeness.

The development and state of maturity of the apples must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach the degree of ripeness required in relation to the varietal characteristics.

In order to verify the minimum maturity requirements, several parameters may be considered (for example morphological aspect, taste, firmness and refractometric index).

C.   Classification

Apples are classified in three classes defined below.

(i)   “Extra” Class

Apples in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (3) and with the stalk which must be intact.

Apples must express the following minimum surface colour characteristic of the variety:

3/4 of total surface red coloured in case of colour group A,

1/2 of total surface mixed red coloured in case of colour group B,

1/3 of total surface slightly red coloured, blushed or striped in case of colour group C,

no minimum colour requirement in case of colour group D.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

very slight skin defects,

very slight russeting (4) such as:

brown patches that may not go outside the stem cavity and may not be rough and/or

slight isolated traces of russeting.

(ii)   Class I

Apples in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (5).

Apples must express the following minimum surface colour characteristic of the variety:

1/2 of total surface red coloured in case of colour group A,

1/3 of total surface mixed red coloured in case of colour group B,

1/10 of total surface slightly red coloured, blushed or striped in case of colour group C,

no minimum colour requirement in case of colour group D.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

a slight defect in colouring,

slight bruising not exceeding 1 cm2 of total surface area and not discoloured,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 0,25 cm2 , cumulative, in area,

slight russeting (6) such as:

brown patches that may go slightly beyond the stem or pistil cavities but may not be rough and/or

thin net-like russeting not exceeding 1/5 of the total fruit surface and not contrasting strongly with the general colouring of the fruit and/or

dense russeting not exceeding 1/20 of the total fruit surface, while

thin net-like russeting and dense russeting taken together may not exceed a maximum of 1/5 of the total surface of the fruit.

The stalk may be missing, provided the break is clean and the adjacent skin is not damaged.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes apples which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed, provided the apples retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in development,

defects in colouring,

slight bruising not exceeding 1,5 cm2 in area which may be slightly discoloured,

skin defects which must not extend over more than:

4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2,5 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 1 cm2 , cumulative, in area;

slight russeting (7) such as

brown patches that may go beyond the stem or pistil cavities and may be slightly rough and/or

thin net-like russeting not exceeding 1/2 of the total fruit surface and not contrasting strongly with the general colouring of the fruit and/or

dense russeting not exceeding 1/3 of the total fruit surface, while

thin net-like russeting and dense russeting taken together may not exceed a maximum of 1/2 of the total surface of the fruit.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined either by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight.

The minimum size shall be 60 mm, if measured by diameter or 90 g, if measured by weight. Fruit of smaller sizes may be accepted, if the Brix level (8) of the produce is equal to or greater than to 10,5° Brix and the size is not smaller than 50 mm or 70 g.

To ensure the uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

for fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for the “Extra” Class fruit and for Classes I and II fruit packed in rows and layers. However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 10 mm, and

10 mm for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package. However, for apples of the varieties Bramley's Seedling (Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel) and Horneburger, the difference in diameter may amount to 20 mm.

(b)

for fruit sized by weight:

For the “Extra” Class and Classes I and II apples packed in rows and layers:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

70-90

15 g

91-135

20 g

136-200

30 g

201-300

40 g

> 300

50 g

For Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package:

Range (g)

Uniformity (g)

70-135

35

136-300

70

> 300

100

There is no sizing uniformity requirement for Class II fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

Varieties of miniature apples, marked with an “M” in the appendix to this standard, are exempted from the sizing provisions. Those miniature varieties must have a minimum Brix level (9) of 12°.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of apples not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. This tolerance may not be extended to include produce with a size:

5 mm or more below the minimum diameter,

10 g or more below the minimum weight.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only apples of the same origin, variety, quality and size (if sized) and the same degree of ripeness.

In the case of the “Extra” Class, uniformity also applies to colouring.

However, a mixture of apples of distinctly different varieties may be packed together in a sales package provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The apples must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly. In particular, sales packages of a net weight exceeding 3 kg shall be sufficiently rigid to ensure proper protection of the produce.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (10) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference ‘Packer and/or Dispatcher’ (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention ‘Packed for:’ or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

‘Apples’ if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety. In the case of a mixture of apples of distinctly different varieties, names of the different varieties.

The name of the variety may be replaced by a synonym. A trade name (11) may only be given in addition to the variety or the synonym.

In the case of mutants with varietal protection, this variety name may replace the basic variety name. In case of mutants without varietal protection, this mutant name may only be indicated in addition to the basic variety name.

"Miniature variety", where appropriate.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (12) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties of apples of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class

Size, or for fruit packed in rows and layers, number of units.

If identification is by the size, this should be expressed:

(a)

for produce subject to the uniformity rules, as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weights;

(b)

optionally, for produce not subject to the uniformity rules, as the diameter or the weight of the smallest fruit in the package followed by ‘and over’ or equivalent denomination or, where appropriate, followed by the diameter or weight of the largest fruit in the package.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

Appendix

Non-exhaustive list of apple varieties

Fruits of varieties that are not part of the list must be graded according to their varietal characteristics.

Some of the varieties listed in the following table may be marketed under names for which trademark protection has been sought or obtained in one or more countries. The three first columns of the table hereunder do not intend to include such trademarks. References to known trademarks have been included in the fourth column for information only.

Legend:

M

=

miniature variety

R

=

russet variety

V

=

watercore

*

=

mutant without varietal protection but linked to a registered/protected trademark; mutants not marked with the asterisk are protected varieties

Varieties

Mutant

Synonyms

Trademarks

Colour group

Additional specifications

African Red

 

 

African Carmine ™

B

 

Akane

 

Tohoku 3, Primerouge

 

B

 

Alkmene

 

Early Windsor

 

C

 

Alwa

 

 

 

B

 

Amasya

 

 

 

B

 

Ambrosia

 

 

Ambrosia ®

B

 

Annurca

 

 

 

B

 

Ariane

 

 

Les Naturianes ®

B

 

Arlet

 

Swiss Gourmet

 

B

R

AW 106

 

 

Sapora ®

C

 

Belgica

 

 

 

B

 

Belle de Boskoop

 

Schone van Boskoop, Goudreinette

 

D

R

 

Boskoop rouge

Red Boskoop, Roter Boskoop, Rode Boskoop

 

B

R

 

Boskoop Valastrid

 

 

B

R

Berlepsch

 

Freiherr von Berlepsch

 

C

 

 

Berlepsch rouge

Red Berlepsch, Roter Berlepsch

 

B

 

Bonita

 

 

 

A

 

Braeburn

 

 

 

B

 

 

Hidala

 

Hillwell ®

A

 

 

Joburn

 

Aurora ™,

Red Braeburn ™,

Southern Rose ™

A

 

 

Lochbuie Red Braeburn

 

 

A

 

 

Mahana Red Braeburn

 

Redfield ®

A

 

 

Mariri Red

 

Eve ™, Aporo ®

A

 

 

Royal Braeburn

 

 

A

 

Bramley's Seedling

 

Bramley, Triomphe de Kiel

 

D

 

Cardinal

 

 

 

B

 

Caudle

 

 

Cameo ®, Camela®

B

 

 

Cauflight

 

Cameo ®, Camela®

A

 

CIV323

 

 

Isaaq ®

B

 

CIVG198

 

 

Modi ®

A

 

Civni

 

 

Rubens ®

B

 

Collina

 

 

 

C

 

Coop 38

 

 

Goldrush ®, Delisdor ®

D

R

Coop 39

 

 

Crimson Crisp ®

A

 

Coop 43

 

 

Juliet ®

B

 

Coromandel Red

 

Corodel

 

A

 

Cortland

 

 

 

B

 

Cox's Orange Pippin

 

Cox orange, Cox's O.P.

 

C

R

Cripps Pink

 

 

Pink Lady ®, Flavor Rose ®

C

 

 

Lady in Red

 

Pink Lady ®

B

 

 

Rosy Glow

 

Pink Lady ®

B

 

 

Ruby Pink

 

 

B

 

Cripps Red

 

 

Sundowner ™, Joya ®

B

 

Dalinbel

 

 

Antares ®

B

R

Dalitron

 

 

Altess ®

D

 

Delblush

 

 

Tentation ®

D

 

Delcorf

 

 

Delbarestivale ®

C

 

 

Celeste

 

 

B

 

 

Bruggers Festivale

 

Sissired ®

A

 

 

Dalili

 

Ambassy ®

A

 

 

Wonik*

 

Appache ®

A

 

Delcoros

 

 

Autento ®

A

 

Delgollune

 

 

Delbard Jubilé ®

B

 

Delicious ordinaire

 

Ordinary Delicious

 

B

 

Discovery

 

 

 

C

 

Dykmanns Zoet

 

 

 

C

 

Egremont Russet

 

 

 

D

R

Elise

 

De Roblos, Red Delight

 

A

 

Elstar

 

 

 

C

 

 

Bel-El

 

Red Elswout ®

C

 

 

Daliest

 

Elista ®

C

 

 

Daliter

 

Elton ™

C

 

 

Elshof

 

 

C

 

 

Elstar Boerekamp

 

Excellent Star ®

C

 

 

Elstar Palm

 

Elstar PCP ®

C

 

 

Goedhof

 

Elnica ®

C

 

 

Red Elstar

 

 

C

 

 

RNA9842

 

Red Flame ®

C

 

 

Valstar

 

 

C

 

 

Vermuel

 

Elrosa ®

C

 

Empire

 

 

 

A

 

Fengapi

 

 

Tessa ®

B

 

Fiesta

 

Red Pippin

 

C

 

Fresco

 

 

Wellant ®

B

R

Fuji

 

 

 

B

V

 

Aztec

 

Fuji Zhen ®

A

V

 

Brak

 

Fuji Kiku ® 8

B

V

 

FUCIV51

 

SAN-CIV ®

A

V

 

Fuji Fubrax

 

Fuji Kiku ® Fubrax

B

V

 

Fuji Supreme

 

 

A

V

 

Fuji VW

 

King Fuji ®

A

V

 

Heisei Fuji

 

Beni Shogun ®

A

V

 

Raku-Raku

 

 

B

V

Gala

 

 

 

C

 

 

Alvina

 

 

A

 

 

ANABP 01

 

Bravo ™

A

 

 

Baigent

 

Brookfield ®

A

 

 

Bigigalaprim

 

Early Red Gala ®

A

 

 

Devil Gala

 

 

A

 

 

Fengal

 

Gala Venus

A

 

 

Gala Schnico

 

Schniga ®

A

 

 

Gala Schnico Red

 

Schniga ®

A

 

 

Galafresh

 

Breeze ®

A

 

 

Galaval

 

 

A

 

 

Galaxy

 

Selekta ®

B

 

 

Gilmac

 

Neon ®

A

 

 

Imperial Gala

 

 

B

 

 

Jugala

 

 

B

 

 

Mitchgla

 

Mondial Gala ®

B

 

 

Natali Gala

 

 

B

 

 

Regal Prince

 

Gala Must ®

B

 

 

Royal Beaut

 

 

A

 

 

Simmons

 

Buckeye ® Gala

A

 

 

Tenroy

 

Royal Gala ®

B

 

 

ZoukG1

 

Gala One®

A

 

Galmac

 

 

Camelot ®

B

 

Gloster

 

 

 

B

 

Golden 972

 

 

 

D

 

Golden Delicious

 

Golden

 

D

 

 

CG10 Yellow Delicious

 

Smothee ®

D

 

 

Golden Delicious Reinders

 

Reinders ®

D

 

 

Golden Parsi

 

Da Rosa ®

D

 

 

Leratess

 

Pink Gold ®

D

 

 

Quemoni

 

Rosagold ®

D

 

Goldstar

 

 

Rezista Gold Granny ®

D

 

Gradigold

 

 

Golden Supreme ™, Golden Extreme ™

D

 

Gradiyel

 

 

Goldkiss ®

D

 

Granny Smith

 

 

 

D

 

 

Dalivair

 

Challenger ®

D

 

Gravensteiner

 

Gravenstein

 

D

 

GS 66

 

 

Fräulein ®

B

 

HC2-1

 

 

Easy pep’s! Zingy ®

A

 

Hokuto

 

 

 

C

 

Holsteiner Cox

 

Holstein

 

C

R

Honeycrisp

 

 

Honeycrunch ®

C

 

Horneburger

 

 

 

D

 

Idared

 

 

 

B

 

 

Idaredest

 

 

B

 

 

Najdared

 

 

B

 

Ingrid Marie

 

 

 

B

R

Inored

 

 

Story ®, LoliPop ®

A

 

James Grieve

 

 

 

D

 

Jonagold

 

 

 

C

 

 

Early Jonagold

 

Milenga ®

C

 

 

Dalyrian

 

 

C

 

 

Decosta

 

 

C

 

 

Jonagold Boerekamp

 

Early Queen ®

C

 

 

Jonagold Novajo

Veulemanns

 

C

 

 

Jonagored

 

Morren’s Jonagored ®

C

 

 

Jonagored Supra

 

Morren’s Jonagored ® Supra ®

C

 

 

Red Jonaprince

 

Wilton’s ®, Red Prince ®

C

 

 

Rubinstar

 

 

C

 

 

Schneica

Jonica

 

C

 

 

Vivista

 

 

C

 

Jonathan

 

 

 

B

 

Karmijn de Sonnaville

 

 

 

C

R

Kizuri

 

 

Morgana ®

B

 

Ladina

 

 

 

B

 

La Flamboyante

 

 

Mairac ®

B

 

Laxton's Superb

 

 

 

C

R

Ligol

 

 

 

B

 

Lobo

 

 

 

B

 

Lurefresh

 

 

Redlove ® Era ®

A

 

Lureprec

 

 

Redlove ® Circe ®

A

 

Luregust

 

 

Redlove ® Calypso ®

A

 

Luresweet

 

 

Redlove ® Odysso ®

A

 

Maigold

 

 

 

B

 

Maribelle

 

 

Lola ®

B

 

MC38

 

 

Crimson Snow ®

A

 

McIntosh

 

 

 

B

 

Melrose

 

 

 

C

 

Milwa

 

 

Diwa ®, Junami ®

B

 

Minneiska

 

 

SweeTango ®

B

 

Moonglo

 

 

 

C

 

Morgenduft

 

Imperatore

 

B

 

Mountain Cove

 

 

Ginger Gold ™

D

 

Mored

 

 

Joly Red ®

A

 

Mutsu

 

Crispin

 

D

 

Newton

 

 

 

C

 

Nicogreen

 

 

Greenstar ®

D

 

Nicoter

 

 

Kanzi ®

B

 

Northern Spy

 

 

 

C

 

Ohrin

 

Orin

 

D

 

Paula Red

 

 

 

B

 

Pinova

 

 

Corail ®

C

 

 

RoHo 3615

 

Evelina ®

B

 

Piros

 

 

 

C

 

Plumac

 

 

Koru ®

B

 

Prem A153

 

 

Lemonade ®, Honeymoon ®

C

 

Prem A17

 

 

Smitten ®

C

 

Prem A280

 

 

Sweetie™

B

 

Prem A96

 

 

Rockit ™

B

M

R201

 

 

Kissabel ® Rouge

A

 

Rafzubin

 

 

Rubinette ®

C

 

 

Frubaur

 

Rubinette ® Rossina

A

 

 

Rafzubex

 

Rubinette ® Rosso

A

 

Rajka

 

 

Rezista Romelike ®

B

 

Regalyou

 

 

Candine ®

A

 

Red Delicious

 

Rouge américaine

 

A

 

 

Campsur

 

Red Chief ®

A

 

 

Erovan

 

Early Red One ®

A

 

 

Evasni

 

Scarlet Spur ®

A

 

 

Stark Delicious

 

 

A

 

 

Starking

 

 

C

 

 

Starkrimson

 

 

A

 

 

Starkspur

 

 

A

 

 

Topred

 

 

A

 

 

Trumdor

 

Oregon Spur Delicious ®

A

 

Reine des Reinettes

 

Gold Parmoné, Goldparmäne

 

C

V

Reinette grise du Canada

 

Graue Kanadarenette, Renetta Canada

 

D

R

RM1

 

 

Red Moon ®

A

 

Rome Beauty

 

Belle de Rome, Rome, Rome Sport

 

B

 

RS1

 

 

Red Moon ®

A

 

Rubelit

 

 

 

A

 

Rubin

 

 

 

C

 

Rubinola

 

 

 

B

 

Šampion

 

Shampion, Champion, Szampion

 

B

 

 

Reno 2

 

 

A

 

 

Šampion Arno

Szampion Arno

 

A

 

Santana

 

 

 

B

 

Sciearly

 

 

Pacific Beauty ™, NZ Beauty

A

 

Scifresh

 

 

Jazz ™

B

 

Sciglo

 

 

Southern Snap ™

A

 

Scilate

 

 

Envy ®

B

 

Sciray

 

GS48

 

A

 

Scired

 

 

NZ Queen

A

R

Sciros

 

 

Pacific Rose ™, NZ Rose

A

 

Senshu

 

 

 

C

 

Shinano Gold

 

 

Yello ®

D

 

Spartan

 

 

 

A

 

SQ 159

 

 

Natyra ®, Magic Star ®

A

 

Stayman

 

 

 

B

 

Summerred

 

 

 

B

 

Sunrise

 

 

 

A

 

Sunset

 

 

 

D

R

Suntan

 

 

 

D

R

Sweet Caroline

 

 

 

C

 

TCL3

 

 

Posy ®

A

 

Topaz

 

 

 

B

 

Tydeman's Early Worcester

 

Tydeman's Early

 

B

 

Tsugaru

 

 

 

C

 

UEB32642

 

 

Opal ®

D

 

WA 2

 

 

Sunrise Magic ™

A

 

WA 38

 

 

Cosmic Crisp ™

A

 

Worcester Pearmain

 

 

 

B

 

Xeleven

 

 

Swing ® natural more

A

 

York

 

 

 

B

 

Zari

 

 

 

B

 

Zouk 16

 

 

Flanders Pink ®, Mariposa ®

B

 

Zouk 31

 

 

Rubisgold ®

D

 

Zouk 32

 

 

Coryphée ®

A

 

PART 2: MARKETING STANDARD FOR CITRUS FRUIT

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to citrus fruit of varieties (cultivars) grown from the following species, to be supplied fresh to the consumer, citrus fruit for industrial processing being excluded:

lemons grown from the species Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. and hybrids thereof,

mandarins grown from the species Citrus reticulata Blanco, including satsumas (Citrus unshiu Marcow), clementines (Citrus clementina hort. ex Tanaka), common mandarins (Citrus deliciosa Ten.) and tangerines (Citrus tangerina Tanaka) grown from these species and hybrids thereof,

oranges grown from the species Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck and hybrids thereof.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for citrus fruit after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the citrus fruit must be:

intact,

free of bruising and/or extensive healed overcuts,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of signs of shrivelling and dehydration,

free of damage caused by low temperature or frost,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the citrus fruit must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The citrus fruit must have reached an appropriate degree of development and ripeness, account being taken of criteria proper to the variety, the time of picking and the growing area.

Maturity of citrus fruit is defined by the following parameters specified for each species below:

minimum juice content,

minimum sugar/acid ratio (13),

colouring.

The degree of colouring shall be such that following normal development the citrus fruit reach the colour typical of the variety at their destination point.

 

Minimum juice content (per cent)

Minimum sugar/acid ratio

Colouring

Lemons

20

 

Must be typical of the variety. Fruit with a green (but not dark green) colour is allowed, provided it satisfies the minimum requirements as to juice content

Satsumas, clementines, other mandarin varieties and their hybrids

Satsumas

33

6,5 :1

Must be typical of the variety on at least one third of the surface of the fruit

Clementines

40

7,0 :1

Other mandarin varieties and their hybrids

33

7,5 :1  (14)

Oranges

Blood oranges

30

6,5 :1

Must be typical of the variety. However, fruit with light green colour not exceeding one fifth of the total surface area of the fruit is allowed, provided it satisfies the minimum requirements as to juice content.

Oranges produced in areas with high temperatures and high relative humidity conditions during the developing period having a green colour exceeding one fifth of the surface area of the fruit are allowed, provided they satisfy the minimum requirements as to juice content.

Navels group

33

6,5 :1

Other varieties

35

6,5 :1

Mosambi, Sathgudi and Pacitan with more than one fifth green colour

33

 

Other varieties with more than one fifth green colour

45

 

Citrus fruit meeting these maturity requirements may be ‘degreened’. This treatment is only permitted if the other natural organoleptic characteristics are not modified.

C.   Classification

Citrus fruit is classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Citrus fruit in this class must be of superior quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

It must be free from defects, with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Citrus fruit in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

slight defects in colouring, including slight sunburn,

slight progressive skin defects, provided they do not affect the flesh,

slight skin defects occurring during the formation of the fruit, such as silver scurfs, russets or pest damage,

slight healed defects due to a mechanical cause such as hail damage, rubbing or damage from handling,

slight and partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for all fruit of the mandarin group.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes citrus fruit which does not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfies the minimum requirements specified above.

The following defects may be allowed, provided the citrus fruit retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in colouring, including sunburn,

progressive skin defects, provided they do not affect the flesh,

skin defects occurring during the formation of the fruit, such as silver scurfs, russets or pest damage,

healed defects due to a mechanical cause such as hail damage, rubbing or damage from handling,

superficial healed skin alterations,

rough skin,

a slight and partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for oranges and a partial detachment of the peel (or rind) for all fruit of the mandarin group.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section of the fruit or by count.

A.   Minimum size

The following minimum sizes apply:

Fruit

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

45

Satsumas, other mandarin varieties and hybrids

45

Clementines

35

Oranges

53

B.   Uniformity

Citrus fruit may be sized by one of the following options:

(a)

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

10 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is < 60 mm

15 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is ≥ 60 mm but < 80 mm

20 mm, if the diameter of the smallest fruit (as indicated on the package) is ≥ 80 mm but < 110 mm

there is no limitation of difference in diameter for fruit ≥ 110 mm.

(b)

When size codes are applied, the codes and ranges in the following tables must be respected:

 

Size code

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

 

0

79 - 90

 

1

72 - 83

 

2

68 - 78

 

3

63 - 72

 

4

58 - 67

 

5

53 - 62

 

6

48 - 57

 

7

45 - 52

Satsumas, clementines, and other mandarin varieties and hybrids

 

1 - XXX

78 and above

 

1 - XX

67 - 78

 

1 or 1 - X

63 - 74

 

2

58 - 69

 

3

54 - 64

 

4

50 - 60

 

5

46 - 56

 

6 (15)

43 - 52

 

7

41 - 48

 

8

39 - 46

 

9

37 - 44

 

10

35 - 42

Oranges

 

0

92 – 110

 

1

87 – 100

 

2

84 – 96

 

3

81 – 92

 

4

77 – 88

 

5

73 – 84

 

6

70 – 80

 

7

67 – 76

 

8

64 – 73

 

9

62 – 70

 

10

60 – 68

 

11

58 – 66

 

12

56 – 63

 

13

53 – 60

Uniformity in size is achieved by the above-mentioned size scales, unless otherwise stated as follows:

For fruit in bulk bins and fruit in sales packages of a maximum net weight of 5 kg, the maximum difference must not exceed the range obtained by grouping three consecutive sizes in the size scale.

(c)

For fruit sized by count, the difference in size should be consistent with (a).

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance, not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of citrus fruit corresponding to the size immediately below and/or above that (or those, in the case of the combination of three sizes) mentioned on the packages is allowed.

In any case, the tolerance of 10 % applies only to fruit not smaller than the following minima:

Fruit

Diameter (mm)

Lemons

43

Satsumas, other mandarin varieties and hybrids

43

Clementines

34

Oranges

50

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only citrus fruit of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size, and appreciably of the same degree of ripeness and development.

In addition, for the “Extra” Class, uniformity in colouring is required.

However, a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species may be packed together in a sales package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each species concerned, in variety or commercial type and origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The citrus fruit must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

If the fruit is wrapped, thin, dry, new and odourless (16) paper must be used.

The use of any substance tending to modify the natural characteristics of the citrus fruit, especially its taste or smell (17), is prohibited.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter. However, a presentation where a short (not wooden) twig with some green leaves adheres to the fruit is allowed.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (18) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference ‘Packer and/or Dispatcher’ (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention ‘Packed for:’ or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Lemons”, “Mandarins” or “Oranges” if the produce is not visible from the outside.

“Mixture of citrus fruit” or equivalent denomination and common names of the different species, in case of a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species.

For oranges, name of the variety, and/or the respective variety group in the case of “Navels” , and “Valencias”.

For “Satsumas” and “Clementines”, the common name of the species is required and the name of the variety is optional.

For other mandarins and hybrids thereof, the name of the variety is required.

For lemons: the name of the variety is optional.

“Seeded” in case of clementines with more than 10 seeds.

“Seedless” (optional, seedless citrus fruit may occasionally contain seeds)

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (19) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of citrus fruit of distinctly different species of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the species concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size expressed as:

Minimum and maximum sizes (in mm) or

Size code(s) followed, optionally, by a minimum and maximum size or

Count.

When used, mention of the preserving agent or other chemical substances used at post-harvest stage.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 3: MARKETING STANDARD FOR KIWIFRUIT

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to kiwifruit (also known as Actinidia or kiwi) of varieties (cultivars) grown from Actinidia chinensis Planch. and Actinidia deliciosa (A. Chev.), C.F. Liang and A.R. Ferguson to be supplied fresh to the consumer, kiwifruit for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for kiwifruit, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the kiwifruit must be:

intact (but free of peduncle),

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

adequately firm; not soft, shrivelled or water-soaked,

well formed, double/multiple fruit being excluded,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the kiwifruit must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Minimum maturity requirements

The kiwifruit must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness.

In order to satisfy this requirement, the fruit at packing must have attained a degree of ripeness of at least 6,2° Brix (20) or an average dry matter content of 15 %, which should lead to 9,5° Brix21 when entering the distribution chain.

C.   Classification

Kiwifruit is classified in three classes as defined below.

(i)   “Extra” Class

Kiwifruit in this class must be of superior quality. It must be characteristics of the variety.

The fruit must be firm and the flesh must be perfectly sound.

It must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

The ratio of the minimum/maximum diameter of the fruit measured at the equatorial section must be 0,8 or greater.

(ii)   Class I

Kiwifruit in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety.

The fruit must be firm and the flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape (but free of swelling or malformations),

slight defects in colouring,

slight skin defects, provided the total area affected does not exceed 1 cm2,

small ‘Hayward mark’ like longitudinal lines and without protuberance.

The ratio of the minimum/maximum diameter of the fruit measured at the equatorial section must be 0,7 or greater.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes kiwifruit that does not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfies the minimum requirements specified above.

The fruit must be reasonably firm and the flesh should not show any serious defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the kiwifruit retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in colouring,

skin defects such as small healed cuts or scarred/grazed tissue, provided that the total area affected does not exceed 2 cm2,

several more pronounced ‘Hayward marks’ with a slight protuberance,

slight bruising.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the weight of the fruit.

The minimum weight for the “Extra” Class is 90 g, for Class I is 70 g and for Class II is 65 g.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

10 g for fruit of weight up to 85 g,

15 g for fruit weighing between 85 g and 120 g,

20 g for fruit weighing between 120 g and 150 g,

40 g for fruit weighing 150 g or more.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of kiwifruit satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 %, by number or weight, of kiwifruit not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

However, the kiwifruit must not weigh less than 85 g in the “Extra” Class, 67 g in Class I and 62 g in Class II.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only kiwifruit of the same origin, variety, quality and size.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The kiwifruit must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps, bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed to the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (21) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference ‘Packer and/or Dispatcher’ (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention ‘Packed for:’ or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

‘Kiwifruit’ and/or ‘Actinidia’, if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety (optional).

Flesh colour or equivalent indication, if not green.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (22) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size expressed by the minimum and maximum weight of the fruit.

Number of fruits (optional).

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 4: MARKETING STANDARD FOR LETTUCES, CURLED-LEAVED ENDIVES AND BROAD-LEAVED (BATAVIAN) ENDIVES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to

lettuces of varieties (cultivars) grown from:

Lactuca sativa var. capitata L. (head lettuces including crisphead and “Iceberg” type lettuces),

Lactuca sativa var. longifolia Lam. (cos or romaine lettuces),

Lactuca sativa var. crispa L. (leaf lettuces),

crosses of these varieties and

curled-leaved endives of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. crispum Lam. and

broad-leaved (Batavian) endives (escaroles) of varieties (cultivars) grown from Cichorium endivia var. latifolium Lam.

to be supplied fresh to the consumer.

This standard does not apply to produce for industrial processing, produce presented as individual leaves, lettuces with root ball or lettuces in pots.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for produce, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the produce must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean and trimmed, i.e. practically free from all earth or other growing medium and practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance,

practically free from pests,

practically free from damage caused by pests,

turgescent,

not running to seed,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

In the case of lettuce, a reddish discolouration, caused by low temperature during growth, is allowed, unless it seriously affects the appearance of the lettuce.

The roots must be cut close to the base of the outer leaves and the cut must be neat.

The produce must be of normal development. The development and condition of the produce must be such as to enable it:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in a satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Classification

The produce is classified in two classes, as defined below:

(i)   Class I

Produce in this class must be of good quality. It must be characteristic of the variety and/or commercial type.

The produce must also be:

well formed,

firm, taking into account the cultivation methods and the type of produce,

free from damage or deterioration impairing edibility,

free from frost damage.

Head lettuces must have a single well-formed heart. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, the heart may be small.

Cos lettuces must have a heart, which may be small.

The centre of curled-leaved endives and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives must be yellow in colour.

(ii)   Class II

This class includes produce which do not qualify for inclusion in Class I, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The produce must be:

reasonably well-formed,

free from damage and deterioration which may seriously impair edibility.

The following defects may be allowed provided the produce retains its essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

slight discolouration,

slight damage caused by pests.

Head lettuces must have a heart, which may be small. However, in the case of head lettuces grown under protection, absence of heart is permissible.

Cos lettuces may show no heart.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by the weight of one unit.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)   Lettuces

40 g when the lightest unit weighs less than 150 g per unit,

100 g when the lightest unit weighs between 150 g and 300 g per unit,

150 g when the lightest unit weighs between 300 g and 450 g per unit,

300 g when the lightest unit weighs more than 450 g per unit.

(b)   Curled-leaved and broad-leaved (Batavian) endives

300 g.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(ii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number, of produce not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only produce of the same origin, variety or commercial type, quality and size.

However, a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different, varieties, commercial types and/or colours may be packed together in a package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety, commercial type and/or colour, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The produce must be packed in such a way as to protect it properly. It must be reasonably packed having regard to the size and type of packaging, without empty spaces or crushing.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed, provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (23) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference «Packer and/or Dispatcher» (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention «Packed for:» or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

"Lettuces", "butterhead lettuces", "batavia", "crisphead lettuces (Iceberg)", "cos lettuces", "leaf lettuce" (or, for example and where appropriate, "Oak leaf", "Lollo bionda", "Lollo rossa"),"curled-leaved endives", "broad-leaved (Batavian) endives", or equivalent denomination if the contents are not visible from the outside.

"Grown under protection", or equivalent denomination where appropriate.

Name of the variety (optional).

"Mixture of lettuces/endives", or equivalent denomination in the case of a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different varieties, commercial types and/or colours. If the produce is not visible from the outside, the varieties, commercial types and/or colours, and the quantity of each in the package must be indicated.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (24) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of lettuces and/or endives of distinctly different varieties, commercial types and/or colours of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety, commercial type and/or colour concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class

Size, expressed by the minimum weight per unit, or number of units

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 5: MARKETING STANDARD FOR PEACHES AND NECTARINES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to peaches and nectarines of varieties (cultivars) grown from Prunus persica Sieb. and Zucc., to be supplied fresh to the consumer, peaches and nectarines for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for peaches and nectarines, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, peaches and nectarines must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of fruit split at the stalk cavity,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of peaches and nectarines must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The fruit must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness. The minimum refractometric index of the flesh should be greater than or equal to 8° Brix (25).

C.   Classification

Peaches and nectarines are classified into three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Peaches and nectarines in this class must be of a superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety.

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects, provided that these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

(ii)   Class I

Peaches and nectarines in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety. The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

slight defects in colouring,

slight pressure marks not exceeding 1cm2 in total surface area,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

1,5 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 in total surface area for other defects.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes peaches and nectarines which do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes, but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the peaches and nectarines retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation:

defects in shape,

defects in development, including split stones, provided the fruit is closed and the flesh is sound,

defects in colouring,

bruises which may be slightly discoloured and not exceeding 2 cm2 in total surface area,

skin defects which must not extend over more than

2,5 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2 cm2 in total surface area for other defects.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined either by the maximum diameter of the equatorial section, by weight, or by count.

The minimum size shall be:

56 mm or 85 g in the “Extra” Class,

51 mm or 65 g in Classes I and II.

However, fruit below 56 mm or 85 g, is not marketed in the period from 1 July to 31 October (northern hemisphere) and from 1 January to 30 April (southern hemisphere).

The following provisions are optional for Class II.

To ensure uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for fruit below 70 mm,

10 mm for fruit of 70 mm and more.

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

30 g for fruit below 180 g,

80 g for fruit of 180 g and more.

(c)

For fruit sized by count, the difference in size should be consistent with (a) or (b).

If size codes are applied, those in the table below have to be respected.

 

 

Diameter

or

weight

 

code

from

To

from

to

 

 

(mm)

(mm)

(g)

(g)

 

 

 

 

 

1

D

51

56

65

85

2

C

56

61

85

105

3

B

61

67

105

135

4

A

67

73

135

180

5

AA

73

80

180

220

6

AAA

80

90

220

300

7

AAAA

> 90

> 300

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements for the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements of the class, but meeting those of class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes (if sized): a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of peaches or nectarines not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only peaches or nectarines of the same origin, variety, quality, degree of ripeness and size (if sized), and for the “Extra” Class, the contents must also be uniform in colouring.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

The peaches or nectarines must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed to the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defect.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (26) must bear the following particulars in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked and visible from the outside:

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference ‘Packer and/or dispatcher’ (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention ‘Packed for:’ or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

‘Peaches’ or ‘Nectarines’, if the contents are not visible from the outside.

Colour of the flesh.

Name of the variety (optional).

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (27) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size (if sized) expressed as minimum and maximum diameters (in mm) or minimum and maximum weights (in g) or as size code.

Number of units (optional).

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

PART 6: MARKETING STANDARD FOR PEARS

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to pears of varieties (cultivars) grown from Pyrus communis L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, pears for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for pears, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, pears must be:

intact,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

practically free from pests,

free from damage caused by pests affecting the flesh,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The development and condition of the pears must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Maturity requirements

The development and state of maturity of the pears must be such as to enable them to continue their ripening process and to reach the degree of ripeness required in relation to the varietal characteristics.

C.   Classification

Pears are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

Pears in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety (28).

The flesh must be perfectly sound, and the skin free from rough russeting.

They must be free from defects with the exception of very slight superficial defects provided these do not affect the general appearance of the fruit, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package.

The stalk must be intact.

Pears must not be gritty.

(ii)   Class I

Pears in this class must be of good quality. They must be characteristic of the variety. (29)

The flesh must be perfectly sound.

The following slight defects, however, may be allowed, provided these do not affect the general appearance of the produce, the quality, the keeping quality and presentation in the package:

a slight defect in shape,

a slight defect in development,

slight defects in colouring,

very slight rough russeting,

slight skin defects which must not extend over more than:

2 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

1 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia pirina and V. inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 0,25 cm2 cumulative in area.

slight bruising not exceeding 1 cm2 in area.

The stalk may be slightly damaged.

Pears must not be gritty.

(iii)   Class II

This class includes pears that do not qualify for inclusion in the higher classes but satisfy the minimum requirements specified above.

The flesh must be free from major defects.

The following defects may be allowed provided the pears retain their essential characteristics as regards the quality, the keeping quality and presentation.

defects in shape,

defects in development,

defects in colouring,

slight rough russeting,

skin defects which must not extend over more than:

4 cm in length for defects of elongated shape,

2,5 cm2 of total surface area for other defects, with the exception of scab (Venturia pirina and V. inaequalis), which must not extend over more than 1 cm2 cumulative in area,

slight bruising not exceeding 2 cm2 in area.

III.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING SIZING

Size is determined by maximum diameter of the equatorial section or by weight.

The minimum size shall be:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

 

“Extra”

Class I

Class II

Large-fruited varieties

60 mm

55 mm

55 mm

Other varieties

55 mm

50 mm

45 mm

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

 

“Extra”

Class I

Class II

Large-fruited varieties

130 g

110 g

110 g

Other varieties

110 g

100 g

75 g

Summer pears included in the appendix to this standard do not have to respect the minimum size.

To ensure the uniformity in size, the range in size between produce in the same package shall not exceed:

(a)

For fruit sized by diameter:

5 mm for the “Extra” Class fruit and for Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers

10 mm for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

(b)

For fruit sized by weight:

For the “Extra” Class fruit and Class I and II fruit packed in rows and layers:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

75 - 100

15

100 – 200

35

200 -250

50

> 250

80

for Class I fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package:

Range (g)

Weight difference (g)

100 – 200

50

> 200

100

There is no sizing uniformity limit for Class II fruit packed in sales packages or loose in the package.

IV.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING TOLERANCES

At all marketing stages, tolerances in respect of quality and size shall be allowed in each lot for produce not satisfying the requirements of the class indicated.

A.   Quality tolerances

(i)   “Extra” Class

A total tolerance of 5 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class I is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 0,5 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying the requirements of Class II quality.

(ii)   Class I

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements of the class but meeting those of Class II is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 1 per cent in total may consist of produce satisfying neither the requirements of Class II quality nor the minimum requirements, or of produce affected by decay.

(iii)   Class II

A total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears satisfying neither the requirements of the class nor the minimum requirements is allowed. Within this tolerance not more than 2 per cent in total may consist of produce affected by decay.

B.   Size tolerances

For all classes: a total tolerance of 10 per cent, by number or weight, of pears not satisfying the requirements as regards sizing is allowed. This tolerance may not be extended to include produce with a size:

5 mm or more below the minimum diameter

10 g or more below the minimum weight.

V.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING PRESENTATION

A.   Uniformity

The contents of each package must be uniform and contain only pears of the same origin, variety, quality, and size (if sized) and the same degree of ripeness.

In the case of the “Extra” Class, uniformity also applies to colouring.

However, a mixture of pears of distinctly different varieties may be packed together in a sales package, provided they are uniform in quality and, for each variety concerned, in origin. Uniformity in size is not required.

The visible part of the contents of the package must be representative of the entire contents.

B.   Packaging

Pears must be packed in such a way as to protect the produce properly.

The materials used inside the package must be clean and of a quality such as to avoid causing any external or internal damage to the produce. The use of materials, particularly of paper or stamps bearing trade specifications is allowed provided the printing or labelling has been done with non-toxic ink or glue.

Stickers individually affixed on the produce shall be such that, when removed, they neither leave visible traces of glue, nor lead to skin defects. Information lasered on single fruit should not lead to flesh or skin defects.

Packages must be free of all foreign matter.

VI.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING MARKING

Each package (30) must bear the following particulars, in letters grouped on the same side, legibly and indelibly marked, and visible from the outside.

A.   Identification

Name and physical address of the packer and/or the dispatcher (for example street/city/region/postal code and, if different from the country of origin, the country).

This mention may be replaced:

for all packages with the exception of pre-packages, by the officially issued or accepted code mark representing the packer and/or the dispatcher, indicated in close connection with the reference «Packer and/or Dispatcher» (or equivalent abbreviations). The code mark shall be preceded by the ISO 3166 (alpha) country/area code of the recognising country, if not the country of origin;

for pre-packages only, by the name and the address of a seller established within the Union indicated in close connection with the mention «Packed for:» or an equivalent mention. In this case, the labelling shall also include a code representing the packer and/or the dispatcher. The seller shall give all information deemed necessary by the inspection body as to the meaning of this code.

B.   Nature of produce

“Pears”, if the contents of the package are not visible from the outside.

Name of the variety. In the case of a mixture of pears of distinctly different varieties, names of the different varieties.

The name of the variety may be replaced by a synonym. A trade name (31) may only be given in addition to the variety or the synonym.

C.   Origin of produce

Country of origin (32) and, optionally, district where grown, or national, regional or local place name.

In the case of a mixture of distinctly different varieties of pears of different origins, the indication of each country of origin shall appear next to the name of the variety concerned.

D.   Commercial specifications

Class.

Size, or for fruit packed in rows and layers, number of units.

If identification is by the size, this should be expressed:

(a)

for produce subject to the uniformity rules, as minimum and maximum diameters or minimum and maximum weights,

(b)

optionally, for produce not subject to the uniformity rules, as the diameter or the weight of the smallest fruit in the package followed by “and over” or equivalent denomination or, where appropriate, the diameter or the weight of the largest fruit in the package.

E.   Official control mark (optional)

Packages need not to bear the particulars mentioned in the first subparagraph, when they contain sales packages, clearly visible from the outside, and all bearing these particulars. These packages shall be free from any indications such as could mislead. When these packages are palletised, the particulars shall be given on a notice placed in an obvious position on at least two sides of the pallet.

Appendix

Non-exhaustive list of large-fruited and summer pear varieties

Small-fruited and other varieties which do not appear in the table may be marketed as long as they meet the size requirements for other varieties as described in Section III of the standard.

Some of the varieties listed in the following table may be marketed under names for which trade mark protection has been sought or obtained in one or more countries. The first and second columns of the table do not intend to include such trade marks. References to known trade marks have been included in the third column for information only.

Legend:

L

=

Large-fruited variety

SP

=

Summer pear, for which no minimum size is required.

Variety

Synonyms

Trade marks/Trade names

Size

Abbé Fétel

Abate Fetel

 

L

Abugo o Siete en Boca

 

 

SP

Akςa

 

 

SP

Alka

 

 

L

Alsa

 

 

L

Alexandrine Douillard

 

 

L

Amfora

 

 

L

Angelys

 

Angys ®

L

Bambinella

 

 

SP

Bay 6474

 

Alessia ®

L

Bergamotten

 

 

SP

Beurré Alexandre Lucas

Lucas

 

L

Beurré Bosc

Bosc, Beurré d’Apremont, Empereur Alexandre, Kaiser Alexander

 

L

Beurré Clairgeau

 

 

L

Beurré d’Arenberg

Hardenpont

 

L

Beurré Giffard

 

 

SP

Beurré précoce Morettini

Morettini

 

SP

Blanca de Aranjuez

Agua de Aranjuez, Espadona, Blanquilla

 

SP

Bon Rouge

 

Victoria Blush

L

Cape Rose

 

Cheeky ®

L

Carusella

 

 

SP

Castell

Castell de Verano

 

SP

Celina

 

QTee ®

L

Cepuna

 

Migo ®

L

CH201

 

Fred ®

L

Colorée de Juillet

Bunte Juli

 

SP

Comice rouge

 

 

L

Concorde

 

 

L

Condoula

 

 

SP

Coscia

Ercolini

 

SP

Curé

Curato, Pastoren, Del cura de Ouro, Espadon de invierno, Bella de Berry, Lombardia de Rioja, Batall de Campana

 

L

D’Anjou

 

 

L

Deveci

 

 

L

Dita

 

 

L

D. Joaquina

Doyenné de Juillet

 

SP

Doyenné d’hiver

Winterdechant

 

L

Doyenné du Comice

Comice, Vereinsdechant

 

L

Dpp1

 

Flare ™, Cape Fire ®

L

Erika

 

 

L

Etrusca

 

 

SP

Falstaff

 

 

L

Flamingo

 

 

L

Forelle

 

Vermont Beauty

L

Général Leclerc

 

Amber Grace ™

L

Gentile

 

 

SP

Golden Russet Bosc

 

 

L

Gräfin Gepa

 

Saxonia ®, Early Desire ®

L

Grand Champion

 

 

L

H2-169

 

Ambrosia ®

L

Harovin Sundown

 

Cold Snap ®

L

Harrow Delight

 

 

L

Jeanne d’Arc

 

 

L

Joséphine

 

 

L

Kieffer

 

 

L

Klapa Mīlule

 

 

L

Leonardeta

Mosqueruela, Margallon, Colorada de Alcanadre, Leonarda de Magallon

 

SP

Lombacad

 

Cascade ®

L

Moscatella

 

 

SP

Mramornaja

 

 

L

Mustafabey

 

 

SP

Nojabrskaja

Novemberbirne

Xenia ®, Novembra ®

L

Packham’s Triumph

Williams d’Automne

 

L

Passe Crassane

Passa Crassana

 

L

PE2UNIBO

 

Early Giulia ®

L

PE3UNIBO

 

Debby Green ®

L

Perita de San Juan

 

 

SP

Pérola

 

 

SP

Pitmaston

Williams Duchesse

 

L

Précoce de Trévoux

Trévoux

 

SP

Président Drouard

 

 

L

Rode Doyenne van Doorn

 

Sweet Sensation ®,

Sweet Dored ®

L

Rosemarie

 

Sempre

L

Santa Maria

Santa Maria Morettini

 

L

Spadoncina

Agua de Verano, Agua de Agosto

 

SP

Suvenirs

 

 

L

Taylors Gold

 

 

L

Thimo

 

Saxonia ®,

Queens Forelle ™

L

Triomphe de Vienne

 

 

L

Uta

 

Dazzling Gold ®

L

Vasarine Sviestine

 

 

L

Williams Bon Chrétien

Bon Chrétien, Bartlett, Williams, Summer Bartlett

 

L

PART 7: MARKETING STANDARD FOR STRAWBERRIES

I.   DEFINITION OF PRODUCE

This standard applies to strawberries of varieties (cultivars) grown from the genus Fragaria L. to be supplied fresh to the consumer, strawberries for industrial processing being excluded.

II.   PROVISIONS CONCERNING QUALITY

The purpose of the standard is to define the quality requirements for strawberries, after preparation and packaging.

However, at stages following dispatch products may show in relation to the requirements of the standard:

a slight lack of freshness and turgidity,

for products graded in classes other than the “Extra” Class, a slight deterioration due to their development and their tendency to perish.

A.   Minimum requirements

In all classes, subject to the special provisions for each class and the tolerances allowed, the strawberries must be:

intact, undamaged,

sound; produce affected by rotting or deterioration such as to make it unfit for consumption is excluded,

clean, practically free of any visible foreign matter,

fresh in appearance, but not washed,

practically free from pests,

practically free from damage caused by pests,

with the calyx (except in the case of wood strawberries); the calyx and the stalk (if present) must be fresh and green,

free of abnormal external moisture,

free of any foreign smell and/or taste.

The strawberries must be sufficiently developed and display satisfactory ripeness. The development and the condition must be such as to enable them:

to withstand transportation and handling, and

to arrive in satisfactory condition at the place of destination.

B.   Classification

The strawberries are classified in three classes, as defined below:

(i)   “Extra” Class

The strawberries in this class must be of superior quality. They must be characteristic of the variety.

They must be: