ISSN 1977-0677

doi:10.3000/19770677.L_2014.097.eng

Official Journal

of the European Union

L 97

European flag  

English edition

Legislation

Volume 57
29 March 2014


Contents

 

II   Non-legislative acts

page

 

 

ACTS ADOPTED BY BODIES CREATED BY INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

 

*

Regulation No 50 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of front position lamps, rear position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicators and rear-registration-plate illuminating devices for vehicles of category L

1

 

*

Regulation No 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of enhanced Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles (ECRS)

21

EN

Acts whose titles are printed in light type are those relating to day-to-day management of agricultural matters, and are generally valid for a limited period.

The titles of all other Acts are printed in bold type and preceded by an asterisk.


II Non-legislative acts

ACTS ADOPTED BY BODIES CREATED BY INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

29.3.2014   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 97/1


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document Trans/WP.29/343, available at: http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html.

Regulation No 50 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of front position lamps, rear position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicators and rear-registration-plate illuminating devices for vehicles of category L

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Supplement 16 to the original version of the Regulation - Date of entry into force: 15 July 2013

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Markings

5.

Approval

6.

General specifications

7.

Intensity of light emitted

8.

Test procedure

9.

Colour of light emitted

10.

Conformity of production

11.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

12.

Production definitely discontinued

13.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Administrative Departments

14.

Transitional provisions

ANNEXES

Annex 1:

Minimum horizontal (h) and minimum vertical (v) angles for spatial light distribution

Annex 2:

Communication concerning the approval (or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely discontinued) of a type of device pursuant to Regulation No 50

Annex 3:

Examples of arrangement of the approval marks

Annex 4:

Photometric measurements

Annex 5:

Photometric measurements for the rear-registration-plate illuminating device

1.   SCOPE

This Regulation applies to front position lamps, rear position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicators, and rear-registration-plate illuminating devices for vehicles of category L (1).

2.   DEFINITIONS

2.1.

Definitions of terms:

The definitions given in Regulations Nos 53 or 74 and the series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval shall apply to this Regulation.

2.2.

"Front position lamps, rear position lamps, stop lamps, direction indicator lamps and rear-registration-plate illuminating devices of different types" means lamps which differ, in each said category, in such essential respects as:

(a)

The trade name or mark,

(b)

The characteristics of the optical system, (levels of intensity, light distribution angles, category of light source, light source module, etc.);

A change of the colour of the light source or the colour of any filter does not constitute a change of type.

2.3.

The definitions of the colour of the light emitted, given in Regulation No 48 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval shall apply to this Regulation.

2.4.

References made in this Regulation to standard (étalon) filament lamp(s) and to Regulation No 37 shall refer to Regulation No 37 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval.

References made in this Regulation to standard (étalon) LED light source(s) and to Regulation No 128 shall refer to Regulation No 128 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.

The application for approval shall be submitted by the holder of the trade name or mark or by his duly accredited representative. It shall specify:

3.1.1.

the purpose or purposes for which the device submitted for approval is intended;

3.1.2.

in the case of a front position lamp: an indication whether it is intended to emit white or amber light;

3.1.3.

in the case of a direction indicator: the category.

3.1.4.

At the choice of the applicant, that the device may be installed on the vehicle with different inclinations of the reference axis in respect to the vehicle reference planes and to the ground or rotate around its reference axis or, in the case of a rear registration plate lamp, that the device my be fitted in more than one or a field of positions in relation to the space to be occupied by the registration plate; these different conditions of installation (or different positions) shall be indicated in the communication form.

3.2.

For each type of device, the application shall be accompanied by:

3.2.1.

drawings, in triplicate, in sufficient detail to permit identification of the type of device and showing in what geometrical positions(s) the device may be mounted on the vehicle; the axis of observation to be taken as the axis of reference in the tests (horizontal angle H = 0°, vertical angle V = 0°) and the point to be taken as the centre of reference in the said tests; the drawing shall show the position intended for the approval mark and eventually the additional symbols in relation to the circle of the approval mark;

3.2.2.

a brief technical description stating, in particular, with the exception of lamps with non-replaceable light sources:

(a)

the category or categories of filament lamp(s) prescribed; this filament lamp category shall be one of those contained in Regulation No 37 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval; and/or

(b)

the category or categories of LED light source(s) prescribed; this LED light source category shall be one of those contained in Regulation No 128 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval; and/or

(c)

the light source module specific identification code.

3.2.3.

Two devices.

4.   MARKINGS

4.1.

Devices submitted for approval shall in a clearly legible and indelible way bear the following markings:

4.1.1.

the trade name or mark of the applicant;

4.1.2.

with the exception of lamps with non-replaceable light sources, a clearly legible and indelible marking indicating:

(a)

the category or categories of light source(s) prescribed; and/or

(b)

the light source module specific identification code.

4.2.

They shall comprise furthermore a space of sufficient size for the approval mark (see paragraph 3.2.1).

4.3.

Lamps with non-replaceable light sources or light source module(s) shall bear the marking of rated voltage or the range of voltages, and the rated wattage.

4.4.

In the case of light source module(s) the light source module(s) shall bear:

4.4.1.

the trade name or mark of the applicant; this marking must be clearly legible and indelible;

4.4.2.

the specific identification code of the module; this marking must be clearly legible and indelible. This specific identification code shall comprise the starting letters "MD" for "MODULE" followed by the approval marking without the circle as prescribed in paragraph 5.5.1 below and in the case several non identical light source modules are used, followed by additional symbols or characters; this specific identification code shall be shown in the drawings mentioned in paragraph 3.2.1 above.

The approval marking does not have to be the same as the one on the lamp in which the module is used, but both markings shall be from the same applicant.

4.4.3.

the marking of the rated voltage and rated wattage.

5.   APPROVAL

5.1.

If the two devices of a type of device which are submitted in pursuance of paragraph 3 above meet the requirements of this Regulation, approval shall be granted.

5.2.

When two or more lamps are part of the same device, approval is only granted, if each of these lamps satisfies the provisions of this Regulation or of another Regulation. Lamps not satisfying any one of those Regulations, shall not be part of such device.

5.3.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number to another type of device covered by this Regulation.

5.4.

Notice of approval or of refusal of approval of a type of device pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model shown in Annex 2 to this Regulation and of an attached drawing supplied by the applicant for approval, in a format not exceeding A4 (210 × 297 mm) and, if possible, on a scale of 1:1.

5.5.

Each device conforming to a type approved under this Regulation shall bear, in the space referred to in paragraph 4.2 above, in addition to the markings referred to in paragraphs 4.1 and 4.3 an international approval mark consisting of:

5.5.1.

a circle enclosing the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which was granted the approval (2), and

5.5.2.

the number of this Regulation, followed by the letter "R", a dash and the approval number;

5.5.3.

in the general case of a direction indicator: a number indicating the category 11, 11a, 11b, 11c or 12 close to the circle according to paragraph 5.5.1 and on the opposite side to the approval number;

5.5.4

in the case of a direction indicator, which does on one side not attain the minimum luminous intensity prescribed up to an angle of H = 80° according to paragraph 7.7.1: a horizontal arrow, the tip of which is oriented to the side where the minimum luminous intensity according to paragraph 7.7.1 is complied with up to an angle of at least 80°;

5.5.5.

on front or rear position lamps of which the visibility angles are asymmetrical with regard to the reference axis in a horizontal direction, an arrow pointing towards the side on which the photometric specifications are met up to an angle of 80° H.

5.6.

Where a device has been found to comply with the requirements of several Regulations, a single approval mark may be applied comprising a circle according to paragraph 5.5.1, the approval numbers and the additional symbols appropriate to each Regulation under which approval has been granted. The size of the components of this single approval mark shall not be less than the minimum size required for the smallest of the individual marks under a Regulation, under which approval has been granted.

5.7.

The approval mark referred to in paragraph 5.5 above shall be clearly legible and be indelible. It may be placed on an inner or outer part (transparent or not) of the device emitting the light. In any case the marking shall be visible when the device is fitted on the vehicle or when a movable part such as the seat or a compartment cover is opened.

5.8.

Annex 3 gives an example of arrangement of the approval mark.

6.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1.

Each device shall conform to the specifications of this Regulation.

6.2.

The devices must be so designed and constructed that in normal use, and despite the vibrations to which they may be subjected, their satisfactory operation continues to be assured and they retain the characteristics prescribed by this Regulation.

6.3.

Position lamps, which are reciprocally incorporated with another function, using a common light source, and designed to operate permanently with an additional system to regulate the intensity of the light emitted, are permitted.

6.3.1.

However, in the case of rear position lamp reciprocally incorporated with a stop lamp, the device shall either:

(a)

Be a part of a multiple light source arrangement, or;

(b)

Be intended for use in a vehicle equipped with a failure monitoring system for that function.

In either case, a note shall be made within the communication document.

6.4.

In the case of replaceable light source(s):

6.4.1.

Any category or categories of light source(s) approved according to Regulation No 37 and/or Regulation No 128 may be used, provided that no restriction on the use is made in Regulation No 37 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval or in Regulation No 128 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval.

6.4.2.

The design of the device shall be such that the light source can not be fixed in any other position but the correct one.

6.4.3.

The light source holder shall conform to the characteristics given in IEC Publication 60061. The holder data sheet relevant to the category of light source used, applies.

6.5.

In the case of replaceable filament lamp(s):

6.5.1.

Any category or categories of filament lamp(s) approved according to Regulation No 37 may be used, provided that no restriction on the use is made in Regulation No 37 and its series of amendments in force at the time of application for type approval.

6.5.2.

The design of the device shall be such that the filament lamp can be fixed in no other position but the correct one.

6.5.3.

The filament lamp holder shall conform to the characteristics given in IEC Publication 60061. The holder data sheet relevant to the category of filament lamp used, applies.

7.   INTENSITY OF LIGHT EMITTED

In the reference axis, the intensity of the emitted light of each of the two devices shall be at least equal to the minimum values and not exceed the maximum values of the following table. In no direction, the maximum values indicated shall be exceeded.

 

 

min. (cd)

max.(cd)

7.1.

Rear position lamp

4

12

7.2.

Front position lamp

4

60

7.2.1.

Front position lamps incorporated in the headlamp

4

100

7.3.

Stop lamp

40

185

7.4.

Direction indicators

 

 

7.4.1.

of the category 11 (see Annex 1)

90

700

7.4.1.1.

of the category 11a (see Annex 1)

175

700

7.4.1.2.

of the category 11b (see Annex 1)

250

800

7.4.1.3.

of the category 11c (see Annex 1)

400

860

7.4.2.

of the category 12 (see Annex 1)

50

350

7.5.   Outside of the reference axis and within the angle fields defined in the diagrams in Annex 1 to this Regulation, the intensity of the light emitted shall, in each direction corresponding to the points in the light distribution table reproduced in Annex 4 to this Regulation, be not less than the product of the minima specified in paragraphs 7.1 to 7.4 above and of the percentage specified in the said table for the direction in question.

7.5.1.   In the case of a single lamp containing more than one light source:

(a)

the lamp shall comply with the minimum intensity required when any one light source has failed;

(b)

when all light sources are illuminated, the maximum intensity for an assembly of two lamps is given by multiplying by 1,4 the value prescribed for a single lamp in paragraphs 7.1 to 7.4;

(c)

all light sources which are connected in series are considered to be one light source

7.6.   As an exception to paragraph 7.1 above, a luminous intensity of 60 cd maximum shall be permitted for rear position lamps reciprocally incorporated with stop lamps below a plane forming an angle of 5° with and downward from a horizontal plane.

7.7.   Moreover,

7.7.1.

throughout the fields defined in Annex 1, the intensity of the light emitted shall not be less than 0,05 cd for position lamps and not less than 0,3 cd for stop lamps and direction indicators;

7.7.2.

if a position lamp is grouped or reciprocally incorporated with a stop lamp, the ratio between the luminous intensities actually measures of the two lamps when turned on simultaneously and the intensity of the rear position lamp when turned on alone shall be at least 5:1 to the eleven measuring points defined in Annex 4 and situated in the field delimited by straight vertical lines passing through 0°V/± 10°H and the straight horizontal lines passing through ± 5°V/0°H of the light distribution table;

If the rear position lamp or the stop lamp or both contain more than one light source and are considered as a single lamp, as defined in paragraph 7.5.2 above, the values to be considered are those obtained with all light sources in operation.

7.7.3.

the provisions of paragraph 2.2 of Annex 4 to this Regulation on local variations of intensity shall be observed.

7.8.   In general the intensities shall be measured with the light sources(s) continuously alight.

In the case of lamps intended to work intermittently, precaution shall be taken to avoid overheating of the device. Depending on the construction of the device, for example, the use of light-emitting diodes (LED) or the need to take precautions to avoid overheating, it is allowed to measure the lamps in flashing mode.

This must be achieved by switching with a frequency of f = 1,5 ± 0,5 Hz with the pulse width greater than 0,3 s, measured at 95 per cent peak light intensity.

In the case of replaceable filament lamps the filament lamps shall be operated at reference luminous flux during on time. In all other cases the voltage as required in paragraph 8.1 shall be switched with a rise time and fall time shorter than 0,01 s; no overshoot is allowed.

In the case of measurements taken in flashing mode the reported luminous intensity shall be represented by the maximum intensity.

7.9.   Annex 4, to which reference is made in paragraph 7.5 above, gives particulars of the methods of measurement to be used.

7.10.   The rear-registration-plate illuminating device shall comply with the specifications indicated in Annex 5 to this Regulation.

7.11.   Maximum values of front direction indicator lamps

7.11.1.

For devices of categories 11 and 11a, the intensity of the the light emitted outside the zone defined by the measuring points ± 10 degrees H and ± 10 degrees V (10 degrees-field) shall not exceed the following values:

Direction indicator of category

Maximum values in cd outside the 10 degrees-field

Single lamp

Single lamp containing more than one light source

11

400

560

11a

400

560

Between the boundaries of the 10 degrees-field (± 10 degrees H and ± 10 degrees V) and the 5 degrees-field (± 5 degrees H and ± 5 degrees V), the maximum admissible values of the intensities are linearly increased up to the values as defined in paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.1.1;

7.11.2.

For devices of categories 11b and 11c, the intensity of the light emitted outside the zone defined by the measuring points ± 15 degrees H and ± 15 degrees V (15 degrees-field) shall not exceed the following values:

Direction indicator of category

Maximum values in cd outside the 15 degrees-field

Single lamp

Single lamp containing more than one light source

11b

250

350

11c

400

560

Between the boundaries of the 15 degrees-field (± 15 degrees H and ± 15 degrees V) and the 5 degrees-field (± 5 degrees H and ± 5 degrees V), the maximum values are increased linearly up to the values as defined in paragraphs 7.4.1.2 and 7.4.1.3.

8.   TEST PROCEDURE

8.1.

All measurements, photometric and colorimetric shall be carried out with an uncoloured or coloured standard light source of the category prescribed for the device, supplied with the voltage:

(a)

In the case of filament lamps, that is necessary to produce the reference luminous flux required for that category of filament lamp.

(b)

In the case of LED light sources of 6,75 V or 13,5 V; the luminous flux value produced shall be corrected. The correction factor is the ratio between the objective luminous flux and the mean value of the luminous flux found at the voltage applied.

(c)

In the case of lamps with non-replaceable light sources: 6,75 V and 13,5 V respectively.

(d)

In the case of a system that uses an electronic light source control gear being part of the lamp (3) applying at the input terminals of the lamp the voltage declared by the manufacturer or, if not indicated, 6,75 V, 13,5 V or 28,0 V, respectively.

(e)

In the case of a system that uses an electronic light source control gear not being part of the lamp, the voltage declared by the manufacturer shall be applied to the input terminals of the lamp.

8.2.

The test laboratory shall require from the manufacturer the light source control gear needed to supply the light source and the applicable functions.

8.3.

The voltage to be applied to the lamp shall be noted in the communication form in Annex 2 of this Regulation.

8.4.

The limits of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis of a light-signalling device shall be determined.

9.   COLOUR OF LIGHT EMITTED

Stop lamps and rear position lamps shall emit red light, front position lamps may emit white or amber light, direction indicators shall emit amber light. For the measurement of the colour of the light emitted inside the field of the light distribution grid defined at paragraph 2 of Annex 4, the test procedure described in paragraph 8. of this Regulation shall be applied. Outside this field no sharp variation of colour shall be observed.

However, for lamps equipped with non-replaceable light sources (filament lamps and other), the colorimetric characteristics should be verified with the light sources present in the lamps, in accordance with relevant subparagraphs of paragraph 8.1 of this Regulation.

10.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

10.1.

Every device bearing an approval mark as prescribed under this Regulation shall conform to the type approved and shall comply with the requirements of this Regulation. However, in the case of a device picked at random from series production, the requirements as to the respectively, minimum and maximum intensities of the light emitted (measured with a standard light source as referred to in paragraph 8 above) shall be at least 80 per cent of the minimum values specified and not exceed 120 per cent of the maximum values allowed.

11.   PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

11.1.

The approval granted in respect of a device pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn in the foregoing conditions are not observed.

11.2.

If a Contracting Party to the Agreement, applying this Regulation, withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by means of a copy of the approval form bearing at the end, in large letters, the signed and dated annotation "APPROVAL WITHDRAWN".

12.   PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED

If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a device approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the Type Approval Authority, which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that Authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a copy of the approval form bearing at the end, in large letters, the signed and dated annotation "PRODUCTION DISCONTINUED".

13.   NAMES AND ADDRESS OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS

The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or refusal or withdrawal of approval issued in other countries are to be sent.

14.   TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

14.1.   Devices not equipped with filament lamps

14.1.1.

As from the date of entry into force of Supplement 4 to this Regulation, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4.

14.1.2.

As from 36 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement to this Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the type of devices as described in paragraph 14.1 above meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4.

14.1.3.

Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approvals of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 3.

14.1.4.

Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to grant approvals to those types of devices as described in paragraph 14.1 above, which comply with the requirements of this Regulation amended by Supplement 3 during the 36 months period which follows the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.

14.2.   Fitting of devices described in paragraph 14.1 above on a vehicle.

14.2.1.   As from the date of entry into force of Supplement 4 to this Regulation, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall prohibit the fitting on a vehicle of devices described in paragraph 14.1 above, approved to this Regulation as amended by Supplement 3, during the 48 months period which follows the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.

14.2.2.   Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to allow the fitting on a vehicle of devices described in paragraph 14.1 above, approved to this Regulation as amended by Supplement 3, during the 48 months period which follows the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.

14.2.3.   Upon the expiration of a period of 48 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may prohibit the fitting of devices, described in paragraph 14.1 above which do not meet the requirement of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4, on a new vehicle for which type approval or individual approval was granted more than 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.

14.2.4.   Upon the expiration of a period of 60 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may prohibit the fitting of devices, as described in paragraph 14.1 above which do not meet the requirements of this Regulation, as amended by Supplement 4, on a new vehicle first registered more than 60 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.


(1)  As defined in Annex 7 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), (document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.1/Amend.2 as last amended by Amend.4).

(2)  The distinguishing numbers of the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement are reproduced in Annex 3 to Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.2/Amend.1.

(3)  For the purpose of this Regulation "being part of the lamp" means to be physically included in the lamp body or to be external, separated or not, but supplied by the lamp manufacturer as part of the lamp system. The functioning and installation conditions of these additional systems will be defined by special provisions.


ANNEX 1

MINIMUM HORIZONTAL (H) AND MINIMUM VERTICAL (V) ANGLES FOR SPATIAL LIGHT DISTRIBUTION

1.   FRONT POSITION LAMPS

V = + 15°/– 10°

Image

Front position lamps (for a pair of lamps)

V = + 15°/– 10°

Image

2.   REAR POSITION LAMPS

V = + 15°/– 10°

Image

Rear position lamps (for a pair of lamps)

V = + 15°/– 10°

Image

3.   DIRECTION INDICATORS OF CATEGORIES 11, 11a, 11b, 11c AND 12

V = ± 15°

Minimum horizontal angles of light distribution in space:

Categories 11, 11a, 11b and 11c

:

direction indicators for the front of the vehicle;

Category 11

:

for use at a distance not less than 75 mm from the passing beam headlamp;

Category 11a

:

for use at a distance not less than 40 mm from the passing beam headlamp;

Category 11b

:

for use at a distance not less than 20 mm from the passing beam headlamp;

Category 11c

:

for use at a distance less than 20 mm from the passing beam headlamp.

Image

4.   STOP LAMPS

V = + 15°/– 10°

Image


ANNEX 2

COMMUNICATION

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))

Image

Image


ANNEX 3

EXAMPLES OF ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARKS

(see paragraph 5.3 of this Regulation)

Image

a ≥ 5 mm

A device bearing the approval mark shown above is a direction indicator of the category 11 approved in the Netherlands (E4) under the number 00243. The first two digits of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No 50 in its original form.

For a direction indicator, the arrow indicates that the luminous distribution is asymmetrical in a horizontal plane and that the photometric values required are satisfied up to an angle of 80° to the right, the device seen in the opposite sense of the light emitted.

Light source modules

Image

The light source module bearing the identification code shown above has been approved together with a lamp approved in Italy (E3) under approval number 17325.

Note:

The approval number must be placed close to the circle and either above or below the letter "E" or to the left of right of that letter the digits of the approval number must be on the same side of the "E" and face in the same direction. The use of Roman numbers as approval numbers should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with other symbols.


ANNEX 4

PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS

1.   MEASUREMENT METHODS

1.1.

During photometric measurements, stray reflections shall be prevented by appropriate masking.

1.2.

Should the results of measurements be challenged, measurements shall be carried out in such a way as to meet the following requirements:

1.2.1.

the distance of measurements shall be such that the law of the inverse of the square of the distance is applicable;

1.2.2.

the measuring equipment shall be such that the angular aperture of the receiver viewed from the reference centre of the lamp is between 10' and 1°;

1.2.3.

the intensity requirement for a particular direction of observation shall be deemed to be satisfied if that requirement is met in a direction deviating by not more than 15' from the direction of observation.

1.3.

In the case where the device may be installed on the vehicle in more than one or in a field of different positions the photometric measurements shall be repeated for each position or for the extreme positions in the field of the reference axis specified by the manufacturer.

2.   STANDARD LUMINOUS INTENSITY DISTRIBUTION TABLE

Image

2.1.

The direction H = 0° and V = 0° corresponds to the reference axis. (On the vehicle it is horizontal, parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and oriented in the required direction of visibility). It passes through the centre of reference. The values shown in the table give, for the various directions of measurements, the minimum intensities as a percentage of the minimum required in the axis for each lamp (in the direction H = 0° and V = 0°).

2.2.

Within the field of light distribution of paragraph 2, schematically shown as a grid, the light pattern should be substantially uniform so that the light intensity in each direction of a part of the field formed by the grid lines meets at least the lowest minimum percentage value being shown on the grid lines surrounding the questioned direction.

3.   TEST CONDITIONS

The photometric performance shall be checked:

3.1.

For non-replaceable light sources (filament lamps and others):

With the light sources present in the lamp, in accordance with the relevant subparagraph of paragraph 8.1 of this Regulation.

3.2.

For replaceable light sources:

 

When equipped with light sources at 6,75 V or 13,5 V, the luminous intensity values produced shall be corrected.

 

For filament lamps the correction factor is the ratio between the reference luminous flux and the mean value of the luminous flux found at the voltage applied (6,75 V or 13,5 V).

 

For LED light sources the correction factor is the ratio between the objective luminous flux and the mean value of the luminous flux found at the voltage applied (6,75 V or 13,5 V).

 

The actual luminous fluxes of each light source used shall not deviate more than ± 5 per cent from the mean value.

 

Alternatively and in case of filament lamps only, a standard filament lamp may be used in turn, in each of the individual positions, operated at its reference flux, the individual measurements in each position being added together.

3.3.

For any signalling lamps, except those equipped with filament lamps, the luminous intensities measured after one minute and after 30 minutes of operation shall comply with the minimum and maximum requirements; direction indicators shall be operated in the flashing mode (f = 1,5 Hz, duty factor 50 per cent). The luminous intensity distribution after one minute of operation can be calculated from the luminous intensity distribution after 30 minutes of operation by applying at each test point the ratio of luminous intensities measured at HV after one minute and after 30 minutes of operation.


ANNEX 5

PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS FOR THE REAR-REGISTRATION-PLATE ILLUMINATING DEVICE

1.   SPACE TO BE ILLUMINATED

The devices can be of category 1 or 2. The devices of category 1 shall be designed to illuminate a space of at least 130 × 240 mm, the devices of category 2 shall be designed to illuminate a space of at least 200 × 280 mm.

2.   COLOUR OF THE LIGHT

The light of the illuminating device shall be sufficiently colourless in order not to modify noticeably the colour of the rear-registration-plate.

3.   ANGLE OF INCIDENCE

The manufacturer of the illuminating device shall specify one or more or a field of positions in which the device is to be fitted in relation to the space for the registration plate; when the lamp is placed in the position(s) specified by the manufacturer the angle of incidence of the light on the surface of the plate does not exceed 82° at any point of the surface to be illuminated, this angle being measured from the mid-point of the edge of the illuminating surface of the device which is furthest from the surface of the plate. If there is more than one illuminating device, the foregoing requirement shall apply only to the part of the plate intended to be illuminated by the device concerned.

The device shall be so designed that no light is emitted directly towards the rear, with the exception of red light if the device is combined or grouped with a rear lamp.

4.   MEASURING PROCEDURE

Luminance measurements shall be made on a diffuse colourless surface with known diffuse reflection factor (1). The diffuse colourless surface shall have the dimensions of the registration plate or the dimension exceeding one measuring point. Its centre shall be placed in the centre of the positions of the measuring points.

This diffuse colourless surface(s) shall be placed in the position normally occupied by the registration plate and 2 mm in front of its holder.

Luminance measurements shall be made perpendicularly to the surface of the diffuse colourless surface with the tolerance of 5° in each direction at the points shown in paragraph 5 of this annex, each point representing a circular area of 25 mm in diameter.

The measured luminance shall be corrected for the diffuse reflection factor 1,0.

For an illuminating device not equipped with filament lamps, the luminance values measured after one minute and after 30 minutes of operation shall comply with the minimum requirements. The luminance distribution after one minute of operation can be calculated from the luminance distribution after 30 minutes of operation, by applying at each test point the ratio of luminance values measured at one point after one minute and after 30 minutes of operation.

5.   PHOTOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS

At each of the points of measurement shown below, the luminance B shall be not less than 2 cd/m2.

Image

Image

The gradient of the luminance between the values B1 and B2, measured at any two points 1 and 2 selected from among those mentioned above, shall not exceed 2 × B0/cm, B0 being the minimum luminance measured at the various points, that is to say:

Formula


(1)  CIE Publication No 17 - 1970, paragraph 45-20-040


29.3.2014   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 97/21


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at: http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html

Regulation No 129 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UN/ECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of enhanced Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles (ECRS)

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Supplement 2 to the original version of the Regulation - Date of entry into force: 10 June 2014

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Markings

5.

Approval

6.

General specifications

7.

Tests

8.

Test reports of type approval and of production qualification

9.

Production qualification

10.

Conformity of production and routine tests

11.

Modification and extension of approval of a Child Restraint System

12.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

13.

Production definitively discontinued

14.

Information for users

15.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of Type Approval Authorities

ANNEXES

1

Communication

2

Arrangements of the approval mark

3

Arrangement of apparatus for dust resistance test

4

Corrosion test

5

Abrasion and microslip test

6

Description of trolley

7

Curve of trolley's deceleration or acceleration, as function of time

8

Description of dummies

9

Frontal impact test against a barrier

10

Rear impact test procedure

11

Type approval scheme (Flow chart ISO 9002:2000)

12

Control of conformity of production

13

Test of energy absorbing material

14

Method of defining head impact area of devices with backrests and for rearward-facing devices defining the minimum size of side wings

15

Description of conditioning of adjusters mounted directly on Child Restraint Systems

16

Typical buckle strength test device

17

Determination of performance criteria

18

Geometrical dimensions of i-Size Child Restraint Systems

19

Assessment volumes for i-size support-legs and support-leg feet

20

Minimum list of documents required for approval

21

Load application devices

1.   SCOPE

This Regulation applies (in its Phase 1) to Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems (i-Size) and Integral "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems for child occupants of power driven vehicles.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Regulation,

2.1.

"Child Restraint System" (CRS) means a device capable of accommodating a child occupant in a sitting or supine position. It is so designed as to diminish the risk of injury to the wearer, in the event of a collision or of abrupt deceleration of the vehicle, by limiting the mobility of the child’s body.

2.2.

"Child restraint type" means a Child Restraint System which does not differ in such essential respects as:

 

The category in which the restraint is type approved;

 

The design, material and construction of the Child Restraint System.

 

Convertible or modular Child Restraint Systems shall be considered to not differ in their design, material and construction.

2.3.

"i-Size" (Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems) is a category of Child Restraint System for use in all i-Size seating position of a vehicle, as defined and approved according to Regulation Nos. 14 and 16.

2.4.

"Integral" is a class of Child Restraint System, meaning that the child is restrained only by components which comprise the Child Restraint System (e.g. strap harness, shield, etc.), and not by means connected directly to the vehicle (e.g; seat belt).

2.5.

"ISOFIX" is a system that provides a method of connecting a Child Restraint System to a vehicle. It is based on two vehicle anchorages and two corresponding attachments on the Child Restraint System in conjunction with a means to limit the pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System. All three vehicle anchorages are to be approved according to Regulation No. 14.

2.6.

"ISOFIX Universal" is an ISOFIX comprising either a top-tether or a support-leg, to limit the pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System, attached to, or supported by, the corresponding vehicle.

2.7.

"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" is a category of Child Restraint System connecting to specific vehicle types. All vehicle anchorages are to be approved according to Regulation No. 14. It is also an indication for Child Restraint Systems including dashboard as a vehicle contact zone.

2.8.

"Size" indicates the stature of the Child for whom the Child Restraint System has been designed and approved. Child restraint systems may cover any size range provided that all requirements are fulfilled.

2.9.

"Orientation" indicates a direction in which a Child Restraint System has been approved for use. The following distinctions are made:

(a)

Forward-facing means facing in the normal direction of travel of the vehicle;

(b)

Rearward-facing means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle;

(c)

Lateral-facing means facing perpendicular to the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.

2.10.

"Special Needs Restraint" is a Child Restraint System designed for children who have special needs as a result of either a physical or mental disability; this device may in particular permit additional restraining devices for any part of the child, but it shall contain as a minimum a primary means of restraint which complies with the requirements of this Regulation.

2.11.

"ISOFIX anchorage system" means a system made up of two ISOFIX low anchorages fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14 which is designed for attaching an ISOFIX Child Restraint System in conjunction with an anti-rotation device.

2.11.1.

"ISOFIX low anchorage" means one 6 mm diameter rigid round horizontal bar, extending from vehicle or seat structure to accept and restrain an ISOFIX Child Restraint System with ISOFIX attachments.

2.11.2.

"ISOFIX attachment" means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirement of paragraph 6.3.3. of this Regulation, extending from the ISOFIX Child Restraint System structure, and compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.

2.12.

"Anti-rotation device" means a device intended to limit the rotation of the Child Restraint System during a vehicle impact and consisting of:

(a)

A top-tether strap; or

(b)

A support-leg.

Meeting the requirements of this Regulation and fitted to an ISOFIX anchorage system and ISOFIX top tether anchorages or vehicle floor contact surface meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 14.

An "Anti-rotation device" for a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System may comprise a top tether, a support-leg or any other means capable of limiting the rotation.

2.13.

"ISOFIX top tether strap" means a webbing strap (or equivalent) which extends from the top of an ISOFIX Child Restraint System to the ISOFIX top tether anchorage, and which is equipped with an adjustment device, a tension-relieving device, and an ISOFIX top tether connector.

2.13.1.

"ISOFIX top tether anchorage" means a feature fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14, such as a bar, located in a defined zone, designed to accept an ISOFIX top tether connector and transfer its restraint force to the vehicle structure.

2.13.2.

"ISOFIX top tether connector" means a device intended to be attached to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage.

2.13.3.

"ISOFIX top tether hook" means an ISOFIX top tether connector typically used to attach an ISOFIX top tether strap to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage as defined in Figure 3 of Regulation No. 14.

2.13.4.

"ISOFIX top tether attachment" is a device to secure the ISOFIX top tether strap to the ISOFIX Child Restraint System.

2.14.

"Tension relieving device" means a system which allows to release the device that adjusts and maintains the tension in the ISOFIX top tether strap.

2.15.

"Support-leg" means an anti–rotation device permanently attached to a Child Restraint System creating a load path between the Child Restraint System and the vehicle structure. A support-leg shall be adjustable in length (Z direction) and may be additionally adjustable in other directions.

2.15.1.

"Support-leg foot" means one or more part(s) of the support-leg of the Child Restraint System intended (by design) to engage with the vehicle floor contact surface and designed to transmit the loading from the support-leg to the vehicle structure during a frontal impact.

2.15.2.

"Support-leg foot contact surface" means the surface of the support-leg foot physically in contact with the vehicle floor contact surface and designed to spread the loads across the vehicle structure.

2.15.3.

"Support-leg foot assessment volume" describes a spatial volume which denotes both the extent and limitations for the movement of the support-leg foot. It corresponds to the support-leg foot assessment volume for vehicles, as defined in Annex 10 of Regulation No. 14.

2.15.4.

"Support-leg dimension assessment volume" means a volume defining the maximum dimensions of a support-leg, corresponding to the support-leg installation assessment volume for vehicles, as defined in Annex 17 of Regulation No. 16, ensuring the dimensional installation of a support-leg of an i-Size CRS in an i-Size seating position of a vehicle.

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2.16.

"CRF pitch angle" is the angle between the bottom surface of the fixture ISO/F2 (B) as defined in Regulation No. 16 (Annex 17, Appendix 2, Figure 2) and the horizontal Z plane of the vehicle as defined in Regulation No. 14 (Annex 4, Appendix 2), with the fixture installed in the vehicle as defined in Regulation No. 16 (Annex 17, Appendix 2).

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2.17.

"Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF)" means a fixture, according to ISOFIX size classes whose dimensions are given in Figures 1 to 6 of Appendix 2 to Annex 17 to Regulation No. 16, used by a Child Restraint System manufacturer to determine the appropriate dimensions of an ISOFIX Child Restraint System and the location of its ISOFIX attachments.

2.18.

"Child-safety chair" means a Child Restraint System incorporating a chair in which the child is held.

2.19.

"Chair" means a structure which is a constituent part of the Child Restraint System and is intended to accommodate a child in a seated position.

2.20.

"Chair support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the chair can be raised.

2.21.

"Belt" means a child restraint comprising a combination of straps with a securing buckle, adjusting devices and attachments.

2.22.

"Harness belt" means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and a crotch strap.

2.23.

"Y-shaped belt" means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap to be guided between the child's legs and a strap for each shoulder.

2.24.

"Carry cot" means a restraint system intended to accommodate and restrain the child in a supine or prone position with the child's spine perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of a collision.

2.25.

"Carry-cot restraint" means a device used to restrain a carry-cot to the structure of the vehicle.

2.26.

"Infant carrier" means a restraint system intended to accommodate the child in a rearward-facing semi-recumbent position. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of the frontal collision.

2.27.

"Child support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the child can be raised within the Child Restraint System.

2.28.

"Impact shield" means a device secured in front of the child and designed to distribute the restraining forces over the greater part of the height of the child's body in the event of a frontal impact.

2.29.

"Strap" means a flexible component designed to transmit forces.

2.30.

"Lap strap" means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form of a component of such a belt passes across the front of, and restrains, directly or not, the child's pelvis.

2.31.

"Shoulder strap" means that part of a belt which restrains the child's upper torso.

2.32.

"Crotch strap" means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of webbing make it) attached to the Child Restraint System and the lap strap and is so positioned as to pass between the child's thighs; it is designed to prevent the child sliding under the lap belt in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the pelvis in an impact.

2.33.

"Child-restraining strap" means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt (harness) and restrains only the body of the child.

2.34.

"Buckle" means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The buckle may incorporate the adjusting device.

2.35.

"Enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall not be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm.

2.36.

"Non-enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall be possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40 mm.

2.37.

"Adjusting device" means a device enabling the belt or its attachments to be adjusted to the physique of the wearer. The adjusting device may either be part of the buckle or be a retractor or any other part of the belt.

2.38.

"Quick adjuster" means an adjusting device which can be operated by one hand in one smooth movement.

2.39.

"Adjuster mounted directly on Child Restraint System" means an adjuster for the harness belt which is directly mounted on the Child Restraint System, as opposed to being directly supported by the strap that it is designed to adjust.

2.40.

"Energy absorber" means a device which is designed to dissipate energy independently of or jointly with the strap and forms part of a Child Restraint System.

2.41.

"Retractor" means a device designed to accommodate a part or the whole of the strap of a Child Restraint System. The term covers the following devices:

2.41.1.

"Automatically-locking retractor", a retractor which allows extraction of the desired length of a strap and, when the buckle is fastened, automatically adjusts the strap to the wearer's physique, further extraction of the strap without voluntary intervention by the wearer being prevented.

2.41.2.

"Emergency-locking retractor", a retractor which does not restrict the strap wearer's freedom of movement in normal driving conditions. Such a device has length-adjusting devices which automatically adjust the strap to the wearer's physique, and a locking mechanism actuated in an emergency by:

2.41.2.1.

Deceleration of the vehicle, extraction of the strap from the retractor, or any other automatic means (single sensitivity);

2.41.2.2.

A combination of any of these means (multiple sensitivity).

2.42.

"Inclined position" means a special position of the chair which allows the child to recline.

2.43.

"Lying down/supine/prone position" means a position where at least the child's head and body excluding its limbs are on a horizontal surface when at rest in the restraint.

2.44.

"Vehicle seat" means a structure, which may or may not be integral with the vehicle structure, complete with trim and intended to seat one adult person. In this respect:

 

"Group of vehicle seats" means either a bench seat or a plurality of seats which are separate but side by side (i.e. so fixed that the front anchorages of one seat are in line with the front or rear anchorages of another seat or on a line passing between those anchorages), each seat accommodating one or more seated adult persons.

 

"Vehicle bench seat" means a structure complete with trim and intended to seat more than one adult person.

 

"Vehicle front seats" means the group of seats situated foremost in the passenger compartment, i.e. having no other seat directly in front of them.

 

"Vehicle rear seats" are fixed, forward-facing seats situated behind another group of vehicle seats.

2.45.

"Seat type" means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential respects as the shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure, the types and dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems, and the type and dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat anchorage, and of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.

2.46.

"Adjustment system" means the complete device by which the vehicle seat or its parts can be adjusted to suit the physique of the seat's adult occupant; this device may, in particular, permit longitudinal displacement, and/or vertical displacement, and/or angular displacement.

2.47.

"Vehicle seat anchorage" means the system, including the affected parts of the vehicle structure, by which the adult seat as a whole is secured to the vehicle structure.

2.48.

"Displacement system" means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.

2.49.

"Locking system" means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are maintained in the position of use.

2.50.

"Seat bight" means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle seat cushion and the seat-back.

2.51.

"ISOFIX position" means a location which allows for the installation of either:

(a)

Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint System as defined in Regulation No. 44; or

(b)

A "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System as defined in Regulation No. 44 or a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" as defined in this Regulation; or

(c)

An i-Size Child Restraint System suitable for use in specific ISOFIX seating positions as defined by the vehicle manufacturer according to Regulation 16.

2.52.

"Type approval test", means a test to determine the extent to which a Child Restraint System type submitted for approval is capable of satisfying the requirements.

2.53.

"Production qualification test (qualification of production test)", means a test to determine whether the manufacturer is able to produce a Child Restraint System in conformity with the Child Restraint Systems submitted for type approval.

2.54.

"Routine testing" (or conformity of production testing), means the testing of a number of restraint systems selected from a single batch to verify the extent to which they satisfy the requirements.

2.55.

"Shoulder strap positioner" means a device intended to maintain, during normal transit conditions, the appropriate shoulder strap position on the child’s torso by connecting the shoulder straps to one another.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.

The application for approval of a type of Child Restraint System shall be submitted by the holder of the trade mark or by his duly accredited representative and follow the type approval scheme described in Annex 11.

3.2.

The application for approval, relating to each type of Child Restraint System, shall be accompanied by:

3.2.1.

A technical description of the Child Restraint System, specifying the straps and other materials used together with the predicted and reproducible behaviour of load limiting devices. It shall be accompanied by drawings of the parts making up the Child Restraint System and in the case of retractors, installation instructions for these retractors and their sensing devices, declaration on toxicity (para. 6.3.1.1.) and flammability (para. 6.3.1.2.), the drawings shall show the position intended for a single approval number and additional symbol(s) in relation to the circle of the approval mark;

3.2.2.

The applicant shall indicate the kind of application:

(a)

Application for an i-Size Child Restraint Systems; or

(b)

Application for a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.

3.2.3.

For Child Restraint Systems tested on the test trolley in a vehicle body shell in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.2. of this Regulation or in a complete vehicle in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.3. of this Regulation, the applicant shall submit documentation (drawings and/or pictures) regarding the combination of the Child Restraint System and the car or the ISOFIX seating position and the relevant car environment for which the manufacturer has requested a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" approval. This documentation needs to indicate:

(a)

The available area around the Child Restraint System when installed on the seating position. In particular it shall include parts which might interfere with the Child Restraint System during an impact;

(b)

All relevant vehicle parts which might influence the (rotational) movement of the Child Restraint System during an impact, due to their strength or stiffness.

3.2.4.

Samples of the Child Restraint System requested by the Technical Service responsible for conducting the test;

3.2.5.

A 10-metre length of each type of strap used in the Child Restraint System; and

3.2.6.

Instructions and details of packaging in accordance with paragraph 14. of this Regulation.

3.2.7.

In case of a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" application when tests are performed in a vehicle body shell, a body of the vehicle, including adult seats and the relevant parts of the car environment shall be available.

3.3.

Annex 20 lists the minimum documents required to accompany the application for approval as indicated in paragraph 3.2. above and required elsewhere in this Regulation.

3.4.

The Type Approval Authority of a Contracting Party shall verify, before granting type approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring effective control so that Child Restraint Systems, equipment or parts when in production conform to the approved type.

4.   MARKINGS

4.1.   The samples of Child Restraint Systems submitted for approval in conformity with the provisions of paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the manufacturer's name, initials or trade mark.

4.2.   The Child Restraint System, except the strap(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly and indelibly with the year of production.

4.3.   The orientation of the Child Restraint System relative to the vehicle shall be clearly indicated on the product.

The marking defined in this paragraph shall be visible with the Child Restraint System in the vehicle, with the child in the Child Restraint System.

4.4.   On the visible inner surface (including the side wing beside the child's head) in the approximate area where the child's head rests within the Child Restraint System, rearward facing restraints shall have the following label permanently attached (the information shown is a minimum).

Label minimum size: 60 × 120 mm.

The label shall be stitched to the cover around its entire perimeter and/or permanently bonded to the cover over its entire back surface. Any other form of attachment that is permanent and not liable to removal from the product or to becoming obscured is acceptable. Flag type labels are specifically prohibited.

If sections of the restraint or any accessories supplied by the Child Restraint System manufacturer are able to obscure the label an additional label is required. One warning label shall be permanently visible in all situations when the restraint is prepared for use in any configuration.

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4.5.   In the case of Child Restraint Systems that can be used forward facing, it shall have the following label permanently attached and visible to the person installing a child restraint in the vehicle:

 

The manufacturer shall be permitted to include the word "months" to explain the symbol "M" in the label. The word "months" should be in a language commonly spoken in the country or countries where the product is sold. More than one language is allowed.

 

Minimum label size 40 × 40 mm

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4.6.   i-Size marking

The following information shall be permanently visible to someone installing the Child Restraint System in a vehicle:

4.6.1.

The i-Size logo. The symbol shown below shall have minimum dimension of 25 × 25 mm and the pictogram shall contrast with the background. The pictogram shall be clearly visible either by means of contrasting colors or by adequate relief if it is molded or embossed;

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4.6.2.

The size range of the Child Restraint System in centimeters;

4.6.3.

The maximum occupant mass allowed for the Child Restraint System in kilograms.

4.7.   "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" marking

The "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" child restraint system shall have a permanently attached label, visible to the person installing the child restraint system in the car, containing the following information:

"SPECIFIC VEHICLE ISOFIX" Image

4.8.   Additional markings

The following information may be conveyed by pictograms and/or text. The marking shall indicate:

(a)

The essential relevant steps needed for making the Child Restraint System ready for installation. For example, the method of extending the ISOFIX attachment(s) shall be explained;

(b)

The position, function, and interpretation of any indicator shall be explained;

(c)

The position and if necessary the routing of top tethers, or other means of limiting Child Restraint System rotation requiring action by the user, shall be indicated using one of the following symbols as appropriate;

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(d)

The adjustment of ISOFIX latches and the top tether, or other means of limiting Child Restraint System rotation, requiring action by the user shall be indicated;

(e)

The marking shall be permanently attached and be visible to a user installing the Child Restraint System;

(f)

Where necessary reference should be made to the Child Restraint System user instructions and to the location of that document using the symbol below.

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5.   APPROVAL

5.1.

Each sample submitted in conformity with paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall meet the specifications set forth in paragraphs 6. to 7. of this Regulation in every respect before approval can be granted.

5.2.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 00 corresponding to the 00 series of amendments which entered into force on 9 July 2013) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another type of Child Restraint System covered by this Regulation.

A type of Child Restraint System approved according to this Regulation shall not bear another approval mark according to Regulation No. 44 (Child Restraint Systems).

5.3.

Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval of a Child Restraint System pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

5.4.

In addition to the marks prescribed in paragraph 4. above, the following particulars shall be affixed in a suitable space to every Child Restraint System conforming to a type approved under this Regulation:

5.4.1.

An international approval mark consisting of:

5.4.1.1.

A circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval (1);

5.4.1.2.

An approval number, the words "Regulation No." followed by the number of this Regulation, a slash and the series of amendment("Regulation No. XXX/XX");

5.4.2.

The following additional symbols:

5.4.2.1.

The words "i-Size universal ISOFIX" or "specific vehicle ISOFIX" depending on the category of Child Restraint System;

5.4.2.2.

The size range for which the Child Restraint System has been designed;

5.4.2.3.

The symbol "S" in the case of a "Special Needs Restraint".

5.5.

Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the arrangement of the approval mark.

5.6.

The particulars referred to in paragraph 5.4. above shall be clearly legible and be indelible, and may be affixed either by means of a label or by direct marking. The label or marking shall be resistant to wear.

5.7.

The labels referred to in paragraph 5.6. above may be issued either by the Type Approval Authority which has granted the approval or, subject to that Type Approval Authority's authorization, by the manufacturer.

6.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

6.1.   Positioning and securing on the vehicle

6.1.1.   Child Restraint Systems in the i-Size category are for use in i-Size seating positions, when the Child Restraint Systems are fitted in conformity with the vehicle manufacturer's instructions.

Child Restraint Systems in the "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category are for use in all ISOFIX positions and also in the luggage area, if the restraints are fitted in conformity with the vehicle manufacturer's instructions.

6.1.2.   According to the category in which it belongs to, see Table 1, the Child Restraint System shall be secured to the vehicle structure or to the vehicle seat structure:

6.1.2.1.

For i-Size category, this shall be by means of two ISOFIX attachments with the addition of an anti-rotation device for both forward and rearward-facing Child Restraint System;

6.1.2.2.

For "Specific Vehicle ISOFIX" category: this shall be by means of the ISOFIX attachments designed by the manufacturer of the Child Restraint System, secured to ISOFIX anchorage system as designed by the vehicle manufacturer.

Table 1

Possible configurations for type approval

 

Orientation

Category

 

 

i-Size CRS

Integral Specific Vehicle ISOFIX CRS

INTEGRAL

Lateral facing (carry-cot)

NA

A

Rearward facing

A

A

Forward facing (integral)

A

A

With:

CRS: Child Restraint System

A: Applicable

NA: Non-Applicable

6.1.3.   For children under the age of 15 months only lateral facing or rearward facing Child Restraint System shall be used.

That means:

(a)

A Child Restraint System designed for children up to 15 months of age shall be rearward facing and accommodate at least a child with a stature of 83 cm;

(b)

A forward facing Child Restraint System shall not be designed to accommodate a stature below 71 cm;

(c)

A convertible seat in its rearward facing configuration shall be able to accommodate a child with a stature up to 83 cm. This shall not preclude a child stature greater than 83 cm.

The use of rearward facing Child Restraint System may be applied to any age of child.

6.2.   Configuration of the Child Restraint System

6.2.1.   The configuration of the Child Restraint System shall be such that:

6.2.1.1.

The restraint of the child shall give the required protection in any position specified for the Child Restraint System;

For "Special Needs Restraints" the primary means of restraint shall give the required protection in any intended position of the Child Restraint System without the use of the additional restraining devices which may be present;

6.2.1.2.

The Child Restraint System shall be such that the child may be easily and readily restrained or removed. In the case of a Child Restraint System in which the child is restrained by means of a harness belt or a Y-shaped belt without a retractor each shoulder restraint and lap strap shall be capable of movement relative to each other during the procedure prescribed in paragraph 6.7.1.4. below; in these cases the belt assembly of the Child Restraint System may be designed with two or more connecting parts.

For "Special Needs Restraints" it is recognized that the additional restraining devices will restrict the speed by which a child can be restrained and removed. However, the additional devices shall be designed to release quickly so far as possible;

6.2.1.3.

If it is possible to change the inclination of the Child Restraint System, this change in inclination shall not require manual readjustment of any other part of the Child Restraint System. A deliberate hand-action shall be necessary in order to change the inclination of the Child Restraint System;

6.2.1.4.

To prevent submarining, either by impact or through restlessness, a crotch strap shall be required on all forward-facing restraints incorporating an integral harness belt system.

6.2.1.5.

All restraint devices utilizing a "lap strap" must positively guide the "lap strap" to ensure that the loads transmitted by the "lap strap" are transmitted through the pelvis. The assembly shall not subject weak parts of the child’s body (abdomen, crotch, etc.) to excessive stresses. The design shall be such that compression loads shall not be imposed on the crown of the child’s head in the event of a collision;

6.2.1.6.

All straps of the restraint shall be so placed that they cannot cause discomfort to the wearer in normal use or assume a dangerous configuration. The distance between the shoulder-straps in the vicinity of the neck should be at least the width of the neck of the appropriate dummy.

6.2.1.7.

With the crotch strap attached and in its longest position if adjustable, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both the smallest and largest dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval. For all forward-facing restraints, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both the smallest and largest dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval.

6.2.1.8.

During the dynamic test, as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3., the lap belt shall not pass fully beyond the pelvic structure of the dummy during the period prior to maximum horizontal head excursion. An assessment shall be carried out using high speed video imaging.

6.2.2.   The Child Restraint System shall be designed and installed so as to:

6.2.2.1.

Not exhibit sharp edges or protrusions liable to cause damage to vehicle-seat covers or to occupant's clothing;

6.2.2.2.

To ensure that its rigid parts do not, at any point, where they are in contact with straps, exhibit sharp edges capable of abrading the straps.

6.2.3.   It shall not be possible to remove or detach without the use of specific tools, any components not designed to be removable or detachable. Any components that are designed to be removable for maintenance or adjustment purpose shall be so designed as to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and use, as the assembly and disassembly processes shall be explained in detail in the restraint user guides. Any harness belt shall be capable of its full range of adjustment without disassembly.

6.2.4.   "Special Needs Restraints" may have additional restraining devices; these shall be designed to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly, and shall be designed so that their means of release and mode of operation is immediately obvious to any rescuer in an emergency.

6.2.5.   A Child Restraint System may be designed for use in any range of size specified by the manufacturer provided that it satisfies the requirements laid down in this Regulation.

6.2.6.   Child Restraint Systems incorporating inflatable elements shall be so designed that the conditions of use (pressure, temperature, humidity) have no influence on their ability to comply with the requirements of this Regulation.

6.3.   Child Restraint System specifications

6.3.1   Material

6.3.1.1.   The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the toxicity of materials used in the manufacture of restraint systems and accessible to the restrained child is in conformity with the relevant parts of EN 71-3:1994/A1:2000/AC. Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority.

6.3.1.2.   The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the flammability of materials used to manufacture the restraint system is in conformity with the relevant paragraphs of EN 71-2:2011. Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of the test authority.

6.3.2.   General characteristics

6.3.2.1.   Internal geometric characteristics

The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the internal dimensions of the Child Restraint System conform to the requirements of Annex 18. For any size within the size range declared by the manufacturer the minimum dimensions for shoulder breadth, hip breadth and sitting height shall be fulfilled together with the minimum and maximum dimensions of shoulder height.

6.3.2.2.   External dimensions

The maximum dimensions for width, height and depth of the Child Restraint System and the locations of the ISOFIX anchorages system with which its attachments shall engage, shall be defined by the Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF) as defined in paragraph 2.17. of this Regulation.

(a)

i-Size Forward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/F2x size envelope for a reduced-height forward-facing toddler CRS (height 650 mm) ISOFIX SIZE CLASS B1;

(b)

i-Size Rearward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/R2 size envelope for a reduced-size rearward-facing toddler CRS ISOFIX SIZE CLASS D;

(c)

"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems may fit within any ISO size envelope.

6.3.2.3.   Mass

The mass of an integral ISOFIX Child Restraint System (i-Size Child Restraint System included) combined with the mass of the largest child intended to use the Child Restraint System shall not exceed 33 kg. This mass limit is also applicable for "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.

6.3.3.   ISOFIX attachments

6.3.3.1.   Type

ISOFIX attachments may be according to examples shown in Figure 0(a), or other appropriate designs that are part of a rigid mechanism having provision for adjustment, the nature of which is determined by the ISOFIX Child Restraint System manufacturer.

Figure 0(a)

Key

1

ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment — example 1

2

ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment — example 2

Image

Dimensions in mm

6.3.3.2.   Dimensions

Dimensions for the portion of the ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment that engages the ISOFIX anchorage system shall not exceed the maximum dimensions given by the envelope in Figure 0(b).

Figure 0(b)

Image

Dimensions in mm

6.3.3.3.   Partial latching indication

The ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall incorporate means by which there is a clear indication that both of the ISOFIX attachments are completely latched with the corresponding ISOFIX lower anchorages. The indication means may be audible, tactile or visual or a combination of two or more. In case of visual indication it shall be detectable under all normal lighting conditions.

6.3.4.   ISOFIX Child Restraint System top tether strap specifications

6.3.4.1.   Top tether connector

The top tether connector shall be ISOFIX top tether hook as shown in Figure 0(c), or similar devices that fit within the envelope given by Figure 0(c).

6.3.4.2.   ISOFIX top tether strap features

The ISOFIX top tether strap shall be supported by webbing (or its equivalent), having a provision for adjustment and release of tension.

6.3.4.2.1.   ISOFIX Top tether strap length

ISOFIX Child Restraint System top tether strap length shall be at least 2,000 mm.

6.3.4.2.2.   No-slack indicator

The ISOFIX top tether strap or the ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall be equipped with a device that will indicate that all slack has been removed from the strap. The device may be part of an adjustment and tension relieving device.

6.3.4.2.3.   Dimensions

Engagement dimensions for ISOFIX top tether hooks are shown in Figure 0(c).

Figure 0(c)

ISOFIX top tether connector (hook type) dimensions

Image

6.3.5.   i-Size Child Restraint System support-leg and support-leg foot requirements

i-Size Child Restraint Systems fitted with support-legs must comply in all positions of use (e.g. in case of length adjustable attachment, base, etc. the shortest and longest position) with the geometrical provisions defined in this paragraph and its subparagraphs.

Compliance with the requirements specified in paragraphs 6.3.5.1. and 6.3.5.2. below may be verified by a physical or computer simulation.

The geometrical requirements in paragraphs 6.3.5.1. to 6.3.5.4. below are referenced to a coordinate system, whose origin is located centrally between the two ISOFIX attachments and on the centreline of the corresponding ISOFIX anchorage system.

The orientation of the axes of the coordinate system is referenced to the child restraint fixture(s):

(a)

The X′ axis shall be parallel to the Child Restraint Fixture (CRF) (2) bottom surface and in the median longitudinal plane of the CRF;

(b)

The Y′ axis shall be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane;

(c)

The Z′ axis shall be perpendicular to the CRF bottom surface.

In fulfilling the requirements of this section, the Child Restraint System shall be installed in accordance with the user manual of the Child Restraint System. The storage position of the support-leg is excluded from these requirements.

Image

6.3.5.1.   Support-leg and support-leg foot geometrical requirements

The support leg, including its attachment to the child restraint systems and the support-leg foot shall lie completely within the support leg dimension assessment volume (see also Figures 1 and 2 of Annex 19 of this Regulation), which is defined as follows:

(a)

In width by two planes parallel to the X′-Z′ plane separated by 200 mm, and centered around the origin; and

(b)

In length by two planes parallel to the Z′-Y′ plane and positioned at distances of 585 mm and 695 mm forward of the origin along the X′ axis; and

(c)

In height by a plane parallel to the X′-Y′ plane, positioned at a distance of 70 mm above the origin and measured perpendicular to the X′-Y′ plane. Rigid, non-adjustable parts of the support leg shall not extend beyond a plane parallel to the X′-Y′ plane, positioned at a distance of 285 mm below the origin and perpendicular to the X′-Y′ plane.

6.3.5.2.   Support-leg foot adjustability requirements

The support-leg shall be adjustable in order to ensure that the support-leg foot can be positioned throughout the height range of the support-leg foot assessment volume as specified below (see also Figures 3 and 4 of Annex 19 to this Regulation). Where incremental adjustment is provided, the step between two locked positions shall not exceed 20 mm.

The support leg foot assessment volume is defined as follows:

(a)

In width by two planes parallel to the X′-Z′ plane, separated by 200 mm, and centered around the origin; and

(b)

In length by two planes parallel to the Z′-Y′ plane and positioned at distances of 585 mm and 695 mm forward of the origin along the X′ axis; and

(c)

In height by two planes parallel to the X′-Y′ plane positioned at distances of 285 mm and 540 mm below the origin along the X′ axis.

It shall be permissible for the support-leg to be adjustable beyond the height limits in the Z′ direction (as indicated by key 6 in figure 3 of Annex 19), providing that no parts extend beyond the limiting planes in the X′ and Y′ directions.

6.3.5.3.   Support-leg foot dimensions

The dimensions of the support-leg foot shall meet the following requirements:

(a)

Minimum support-leg contact surface shall be 2 500 mm2, measured as a projected surface 10 mm above the lower edge of the support-leg foot (see Figure 0(d));

(b)

Minimum outside dimensions shall be 30 mm in the X′ and Y′ directions, with maximum dimensions being limited by the support-leg foot assessment volume;

(c)

Minimum radius of the edges of the support-leg foot shall be 3,2 mm.

Figure 0(d)

Image

6.3.5.4.   Support-leg foot jig

A jig shall be used to check that the support-leg foot meets the requirements defined in paragraph 6.3.5.2. above (see Figure 0(e)). As an alternative a computer simulation shall also be considered satisfactory.

The jig is defined as the ISOFIX CRF corresponding to the size class of the child restraint. The jig is expanded with two 6 mm diameter ISOFIX low anchorages. The striped box positioned in front of the jig is positioned and sized according paragraph 6.3.5.2. above. The CRS shall have its attachments latched when conducting the assessment.

Figure 0(e)

Image

6.4.   Control of markings

6.4.1.   The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the markings conform to the requirements of paragraph 4. of this Regulation.

6.5.   Control of instructions on installation and the instructions for use

6.5.1.   The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the instructions on installation and the instructions for use conform to paragraph 14. of this Regulation.

6.6.   Provisions applicable to the assembled Child Restraint System

6.6.1.   Resistance to corrosion

6.6.1.1.   A complete Child Restraint System, or the parts thereof that are liable to corrosion, shall be subject to the corrosion test specified in paragraph 7.1.1. below.

6.6.1.2.   After the corrosion test as prescribed in paragraphs 7.1.1.1. and 7.1.1.2. below, no signs of deterioration likely to impair the proper functioning of the Child Restraint System, and no significant corrosion, shall be visible to the unaided eye of a qualified observer.

6.6.2.   Energy absorption

6.6.2.1.   For all devices with backrests, the areas defined in Annex 14 to this Regulation, when tested according to Annex 13, shall give a peak acceleration of less than 60 g. This requirement applies also to areas of impact shields which are in the head strike area.

6.6.2.2.   In the case of Child Restraint Systems with permanent mechanically attached adjustable head support devices, in which the height of either the adult safety belt or of the child harness is directly controlled by the adjustable head support, it is not necessary to demand energy absorption in areas as defined in Annex 18, which are not contactable by the manikin’s head, i.e. behind the head support.

6.6.3.   Overturning

6.6.3.1.   The Child Restraint System shall be tested as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.2.; at no point during the whole test shall the manikin be fully ejected from the device. In addition when the test seat is in the upside down position, the dummy’s head shall not move more than 300 mm from its original position in a vertical direction relative to the test seat.

6.6.4.   Dynamic test

6.6.4.1.   General: the Child Restraint System shall be subjected to dynamic tests, in accordance with Table 2, in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3. below:

Table 2

Application of different criteria depending of test set up

Frontal impact

Rear impact

Lateral impact

Test on trolley+ standard seat

Test in car body

Test on trolley+ standard seat

Test in car body

Test on trolley+ standard seat

Forward facing

Rearward and lateral facing

Forward facing

Rearward and lateral facing

Rearward and lateral facing

Rearward and lateral facing

Forward facing

Rearward and lateral facing

Note 1:

Standard seat means test seat or test bench

Note 2:

For lateral facing child restraint systems in lateral impact, if two positions are possible, then the dummy’s head shall be situated near the side door.

6.6.4.1.1.   i-Size category Child Restraint Systems shall be tested on the test trolley by means of the test seat prescribed in Annex 6, and in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.1. below.

6.6.4.1.2.   Child Restraint Systems of the "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category shall be tested with each vehicle model for which the Child Restraint System is intended. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the test may reduce the number of vehicle models tested if they do not differ greatly in the aspects listed in paragraph 6.6.4.1.2.3. of this Regulation. The Child Restraint System may be tested in one of the following ways:

6.6.4.1.2.1.

Child Restraint System according to paragraph 2.5. and in conformity with paragraph 6.3. of this Regulation and which fit in an envelope defined in Regulation No. 16, Annex 17, Appendix 2, on the test trolley by means of the test bench prescribed in Annex 6 and in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.1. of this Regulation or in a vehicle body shell in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.2. of this Regulation.

6.6.4.1.2.2.

For Child Restraint System which are not according to paragraph 2.5. and in conformity with paragraph 6.3. of this Regulation (for example CRS using no anti-rotation device or using additional anchorages) or do not fit in any envelope defined in Regulation No. 16, Annex 17, Appendix 2 on the test trolley in a vehicle body shell in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.2. or in a complete vehicle in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.3. of this Regulation.

6.6.4.1.2.3.

Using sufficient parts of the vehicle body shell to be representative of the vehicle structure and impact surfaces. If the Child Restraint System is intended for use in the rear seat, these shall include the back of the front seat, the rear seat, the floor pan, the B and C pillars and the roof. If the Child Restraint System is intended for use in the front seat, the parts shall include the dashboard, the A pillars, the windscreen, any levers or knobs installed in the floor or on a console, the front seat, the floor pan and the roof. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the test may permit items to be excluded if they are found to be superfluous. Testing shall be as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3.2. of this Regulation, except for lateral impact.

6.6.4.1.3.   The dynamic test shall be performed on Child Restraint Systems which have not previously been under load.

6.6.4.1.4.   If an "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System is installed in the area behind the rearmost forward facing adult seat positions (for example, the luggage area), one test with the largest dummy/dummies, as allowed by the Child Restraint System, on a complete vehicle as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3.3. of this Regulation shall be performed. The other tests, including the conformity of production, may be done as prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3.2. of this Regulation, at the request of the manufacturer.

6.6.4.1.5.   In the case of a "Special Needs Restraint" every dynamic test specified by this Regulation for the range of size specified by the manufacturer shall be performed twice: first, using the primary means of restraint and second, with all restraining devices in use. In these tests, special attention shall be given to the requirements in paragraphs 6.2.1.5. and 6.2.1.6. of this Regulation.

6.6.4.1.6.   In the case of Child Restraint System making use of an anti-rotation device, the dynamic test shall be carried out as follows:

6.6.4.1.6.1.

With the anti-rotation device in use, and

6.6.4.1.6.2.

Without the anti-rotation device in use, unless a mechanism is provided to prevent incorrect use of the anti-rotation device.

6.6.4.2.   During the dynamic tests, no part of the Child Restraint System affecting the restraint of the occupant shall fully or partially fracture, and no buckle, locking system or displacement system shall release or unlock. The only exception is where such parts or systems are identified as having a load limiting function in the manufacturer’s technical description, as defined in paragraph 3.2.1. of this Regulation, and they comply with the following criteria:

6.6.4.2.1.

Perform as predicted by the manufacturer.

6.6.4.2.2.

Do not compromise the ability of the Child Restraint System to protect the occupant.

6.6.4.3.   Dummy criteria for frontal and rear impact.

6.6.4.3.1.   Injury assessment criteria for frontal and rear impact as in Table 3.

Table 3

Criterion

Abbreviation

Unit

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Head performance criterion (only in case of contact during in-vehicle testing)

HPC (3) (15)

 

600

600

600

800

800

Head acceleration 3 ms

A head 3 ms

g

75

75

75

80

80

Upper neck tension Force

Fz

N

For monitoring purpose only (4)

Upper neck flexion moment

My

Nm

For monitoring purpose only (5)

Chest acceleration 3 ms

A chest 3 ms

g

55

55

55

55

55

6.6.4.4.   Dummy’s head displacement for frontal and rear impact

6.6.4.4.1.   Child Restraint Systems of i-Size category:

6.6.4.4.1.1.   Forward facing Child Restraint Systems

Head excursion: No part of the head of the dummy shall pass beyond the planes BA, DA and DE as defined in Figure 1 below. This shall be judged up to 300 ms or the moment that the dummy has come to a definitive standstill whatever occurs first.

6.6.4.4.1.1.1.   Where a test is conducted in accordance with paragraph 6.6.4.1.6.2. above, a tolerance of + 10 per cent shall be applicable to the head excursion value distance between Cr point and plane AB

Figure 1

Arrangement for testing a forward-facing device

Image

Dimensions in mm

6.6.4.4.1.2.   Rearward-facing Child Restraint Systems and carrycots:

6.6.4.4.1.2.1.

Head excursion: no part of the head of the dummy shall pass beyond the planes FD, FG and DE, as shown in Figure 2 below. This shall be judged up to 300 ms or the moment that the dummy has come to a definitive standstill whatever occurs first.

In the case there is a contact of such a Child Restraint System with the 100 mm diameter bar and all injury assessment and dummy’s head displacement criteria are met, there shall be one further dynamic test (front impact) with the heaviest dummy intended for the given range of size indication and without the 100 mm diameter bar; the requirements for this test are that all criteria other than forward displacement shall be met.

Where a test is conducted in accordance with paragraph 6.6.4.1.6.2. above, only the second configuration without 100 mm diameter bar will be considered.

Figure 2

Arrangement for testing a rearward-facing device, not supported by the dashboard

Image

6.6.4.4.2.   When Child Restraint Systems of the "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category are tested in a complete vehicle or a vehicle body shell, the head performance criterion (HPC) and the Head Acceleration 3 ms shall be used as assessment criteria. Where there is no head contact, these criteria shall be satisfied without measurement, and recorded only as "No Head Contact". After a test, using a complete vehicle, it shall be possible to remove the fully assembled dummy from the Child Restraint System without the use of mechanical leverage, or the use of tools on the Child Restraint System or vehicle structure.

6.6.4.4.3   During the dynamic tests, no part of the Child Restraint System restraining the child in position shall fail. This includes buckles, locking systems and reclining systems, except where identified as a load limiting device. Any load limiting device shall be identified in the manufacturers’ technical descriptions as defined in paragraph 3.2.1. of this Regulation.

6.6.4.5.   Dummy criteria for lateral impact for forward and rearward facing Child Restraint System.

6.6.4.5.1.   Main injury assessment criterion — Head containment

During the loading phase of lateral impact testing, up to 80 ms, side protection shall always be positioned at the level at the dummy’s head centre of gravity perpendicular to the direction of the door intrusion. Head containment will be assessed by the following criteria:

(a)

No head contact with the door panel;

(b)

Head shall not exceed a vertical plane identified by a red line on top of the door (top view camera). This vertical plane is identified by a line on the impacted door as defined in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 1.

6.6.4.5.2.   Additional Injury assessment criteria for lateral impact

Criterion

Abbreviation

Unit

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Head performance criterion

HPC (15)

 

600

600

600

800

800

Head acceleration 3 ms

A head 3 ms

g

75

75

75

80

80

Upper neck tension force

Fz

N

For monitoring purpose only (6)

Upper neck flexion moment

Mx

Nm

For monitoring purpose only (7)

6.6.5.   Resistance to temperature

6.6.5.1.   Buckle assemblies, retractors, adjusters and lock-off devices that are liable to be affected by temperature, shall be subject to the temperature test specified in paragraph 7.2.7. below.

6.6.5.2.   After the temperature test as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.7.1. below, no signs of deterioration likely to impair the proper functioning of the restraint of the child, shall be visible to the unaided eye of a qualified observer. The dynamic tests should then be performed.

6.7.   Provisions applicable to individual components of the restraint

6.7.1.   Buckle

6.7.1.1.   The buckle shall be so designed as to preclude any possibility of incorrect manipulation. This means, inter/alia, that it shall not be possible for the buckle to be left in a partially closed position; it shall not be possible to exchange the buckle parts inadvertently when the buckle is being locked; the buckle shall only lock when all parts are engaged. Wherever the buckle is in contact with the child, it shall not be narrower than the minimum width of strap as specified in paragraph 6.7.4.1.1. below. This paragraph is not applicable to belt assemblies already approved according to Regulation No. 16 or any equivalent standard in force. In the case of a "Special Needs Restraint" only the buckle on the primary means of restraint need comply with the requirements of paragraphs 6.7.1.2. to 6.7.1.8. inclusive.

6.7.1.2.   The buckle, even when not under tension, shall remain closed whatever its position. It shall be easy to operate and to grasp. It shall be possible to open it by pressure on a button or on a similar device.

The surface to which this pressure shall be applied shall have, in the position of actual unlocking and when projected into a plane perpendicular to the button's initial direction of motion:

(a)

For enclosed devices, an area of not less than 4,5 cm2 with a width of not less than 15 mm;

(b)

For non-enclosed devices, an area of 2,5 cm2 and a width of not less than 10 mm. The width shall be the smaller of the two dimensions forming the prescribed area and shall be measured rectangular to the direction of movement of the release button.

6.7.1.3.   The buckle release area shall be coloured red. No other part of the buckle shall be of this colour.

6.7.1.4.   It shall be possible to release the child from the restraint by a single operation on a single buckle. It is allowed to remove the child together with devices such as infant carrier/carry-cot/carry-cot restraints if the Child Restraint System can be released by operation of a maximum of two release buttons.

6.7.1.4.1.   Shoulder strap positioner

If a shoulder strap positioner is provided, it shall be designed so as to prevent incorrect manipulation. It shall not be possible to use the device in a manner which would cause the shoulder straps to twist. It shall be possible to fasten the device in no more than one action. The force required to fasten the device shall not exceed 15 N.

6.7.1.4.2.   The shoulder strap positioner shall be easy to operate and to grasp. It shall be possible to open it in one simple action, but it shall be difficult for the child occupant to manipulate the release mechanism. The force required to release the device shall not exceed 15 N.

6.7.1.4.3.   The shoulder strap positioner shall not exceed 60 mm in height.

6.7.1.5.   Opening of the buckle shall enable the child to be removed independently of the "chair", "chair support" or "impact shield", if fitted, and if the device includes a crotch strap the crotch strap shall be released by operation of the same buckle.

6.7.1.6.   The buckle shall be capable of withstanding the temperature test operation requirements given in paragraph 7.2.7. below and repeated operation, and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3. below undergo a test comprising 5 000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal conditions for use.

6.7.1.7.   The buckle shall be subjected to the following tests of opening:

6.7.1.7.1.   Test under load

6.7.1.7.1.1.   A Child Restraint System having already undergone the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3. below shall be used for this test.

6.7.1.7.1.2.   The force required to open the buckle in the test prescribed in paragraph 7.2.1.1. below shall not exceed 80 N.

6.7.1.7.2.   No-load test

6.7.1.7.2.1.   A buckle which has not previously been subjected to a load shall be used for this test. The force needed to open the buckle when it is not under load shall be in the range of 40–80 N in the tests prescribed in paragraph 7.2.1.2. below

6.7.1.8.   Strength

6.7.1.8.1.   During the test in accordance with paragraph 7.2.1.3.2. below no part of the buckle or the adjacent straps or adjusters shall break or be detached.

6.7.1.8.2.   Depending of the mass limit declared by the manufacturer, a harness buckle shall withstand:

6.7.1.8.2.1.

4 kN, if the mass limit is less or equal to 13 kg;

6.7.1.8.2.2.

10 kN, if the mass limit is greater than 13 kg.

6.7.1.8.3.   The Type Approval Authority may dispense with the buckle strength test if information already available renders the test superfluous.

6.7.2.   Adjusting device

6.7.2.1.   The range of adjustment shall be sufficient to permit correct adjustment of the Child Restraint System with all size for which the device is intended and to permit satisfactory installation in all i-Size compatible vehicles.

6.7.2.2.   All adjusting devices shall be of the "quick adjuster" type.

6.7.2.3.   Devices of the "quick adjuster" type shall be easy to reach when the Child Restraint System is correctly installed and the child or dummy is in position.

6.7.2.4.   A device of the "quick adjuster" type shall be easily adjustable to the child's physique. In particular, in a test performed in accordance with paragraph 7.2.2.1. below, the force required to operate a manual adjusting device shall not exceed 50 N.

6.7.2.5.   Two samples of the Child Restraint System adjusting devices shall be tested as prescribed by the temperature test operation requirements given in paragraph 7.2.7.1. and paragraph 7.2.3. below.

6.7.2.5.1.   The amount of strap slip shall not exceed 25 mm for one adjusting device or 40 mm for all adjusting devices.

6.7.2.6.   The device shall not break or become detached when tested as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.2.1. below.

6.7.2.7.   An adjuster mounted directly on the Child Restraint System shall be capable of withstanding repeated operation and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3. undergo a test comprising 5 000 ± 5 cycles as specified in paragraph 7.2.3.

6.7.3.   Retractors

6.7.3.1.   Automatically-locking retractors

6.7.3.1.1.   The strap equipped with an automatically-locking retractor shall not unwind by more than 30 mm between locking positions of the retractor. After a rearward movement of the wearer the strap shall either remain in its initial position or return to that position automatically on subsequent forward movement of the wearer.

6.7.3.1.2.   If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than 7 N as measured in the free length between the dummy and the retractor as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.4.1. below. If the retractor is part of a chest restraint, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than 2 N or more than 7 N as similarly measured. If the strap passes through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be measured in the free length between the dummy and the guide or pulley. If the assembly incorporates a device, manually or automatically operated, that prevents the strap from being completely retracted, that device shall not be in operation when these measurements are effected.

6.7.3.1.3.   The strap shall be repeatedly withdrawn from the retractor and allowed to retract, in the conditions prescribed in paragraph 7.2.4.2. below, until 5 000 cycles have been completed. The retractor shall then be subjected to the temperature test operation requirements given in paragraph 7.2.7.1. and corrosion test described in paragraph 7.1.1. below and the dust-resistance test described in paragraph 7.2.4.5. below. It shall then satisfactorily complete a further 5 000 cycles of withdrawal and retraction. After the above tests the retractor shall continue to operate correctly and to meet the requirements of paragraphs 6.7.3.1.1. and 6.7.3.1.2. above.

6.7.3.2.   Emergency-locking retractors

6.7.3.2.1.   An emergency-locking retractor shall when tested as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.4.3. satisfy the conditions below:

6.7.3.2.1.1.

It shall be locked when the deceleration of the vehicle reaches 0,45 g;

6.7.3.2.1.2.

It shall not lock for strap accelerations of less than 0,8 g as measured in the axis of strap extraction;

6.7.3.2.1.3.

It shall not lock when its sensing device is tilted by not more than 12° in any direction from the installation position specified by its manufacturer;

6.7.3.2.1.4.

It shall lock when its sensing device is tilted by more than 27° in any direction from the installation position specified by its manufacturer.

6.7.3.2.2.   Where the operation of a retractor depends on an external signal or power source, the design shall ensure that the retractor locks automatically upon failure or interruption of that signal or power source.

6.7.3.2.3.   A multiple-sensitivity emergency-locking retractor shall meet the requirements set out above. In addition, if one of the sensitivity factors relates to strap extraction, locking shall have occurred at a strap acceleration of 1,5 g as measured in the axis of strap extraction.

6.7.3.2.4.   In the tests referred to in paragraphs 6.7.3.2.1.1. and 6.7.3.2.3. above, the amount of strap extraction occurring before the retractor locks shall not exceed 50 mm, starting at the length of unwinding specified in paragraph 7.2.4.3.1. below. In the test referred to in paragraph 6.7.3.2.1.2. above, locking shall not occur during the 50 mm of strap extraction starting at the length of unwinding specified in paragraph 7.2.4.3.1. below.

6.7.3.2.5.   If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than 7 N as measured in the free length between the dummy and the retractor as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.4.1. below. If the retractor is part of a chest restraint, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than 2 N or more than 7 N as similarly measured. If the strap passes through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be measured in the free length between the dummy and the guide or pulley. If the assembly incorporates a device, manually or automatically operated, that prevents the strap from being completely retracted, that device shall not be in operation when these measurements are effected.

6.7.3.2.6.   The strap shall be repeatedly withdrawn from the retractor and allowed to retract, in the conditions prescribed in paragraph 7.2.4.2., until 40 000 cycles have been completed. The retractor shall then be subjected to the temperature test operation requirements given in paragraph 7.2.7. and corrosion test described in paragraph 7.1.1. and to the dust-resistance test described in paragraph 7.2.4.5.

6.7.4.   Straps

6.7.4.1.   Width

6.7.4.1.1.   The minimum width at the child-restraint straps which contact the dummy shall be 25 mm. These dimensions shall be measured during the strap strength test prescribed in paragraph 7.2.5.1. below, without stopping the machine and under a load equal to 75 per cent of the breaking load of the strap.

6.7.4.2.   Strength after room conditioning

6.7.4.2.1.   On two sample straps conditioned as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.5.2.1., the breaking load of the strap shall be determined as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.5.1.2. below.

6.7.4.2.2.   The difference between the breaking loads of the two samples shall not exceed 10 per cent of the greater of the two breaking loads measured.

6.7.4.3.   Strength after special conditioning

6.7.4.3.1.   On two straps conditioned as prescribed in one of the provisions of paragraph 7.2.5.2. below (except para. 7.2.5.2.1. below), the breaking load of the strap shall be not less than 75 per cent of the average of the loads determined in the test referred to in paragraph 7.2.5.1. below.

6.7.4.3.2.   In addition, the breaking load shall be not less than 3,6 kN for the restraints of i-Size Child Restraint Systems.

6.7.4.3.3.   The Type Approval Authority may dispense with one or more of these tests if the composition of the material used, or information already available, renders the test or tests superfluous.

6.7.4.3.4.   The abrasion conditioning procedure of type 1 defined in paragraph 7.2.5.2.6. below shall only be performed when the microslip test defined in paragraph 7.2.3. below gives a result above 50 per cent of the limit prescribed in paragraph 6.7.2.5.1. above.

6.7.4.4.   It shall not be possible to pull the complete strap through any adjusters, buckles or anchoring points.

6.7.5.   ISOFIX attachment specifications

"ISOFIX attachments" and latching indicators shall be capable of withstanding repeated operations and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3. below, undergo a test comprising 2 000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal conditions of use.

6.7.5.1.

ISOFIX attachments and latching indicators shall be capable of withstanding repeated operations and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3., undergo a test comprising 2 000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal conditions of use.

6.7.5.2.

ISOFIX attachments shall have a locking mechanism which complies with the requirements specified in (a) or (b) as follows:

(a)

Release of the locking mechanism of the complete seat, shall require two consecutive actions, the first of which should be maintained while the second is carried out; or

(b)

The ISOFIX attachment opening force shall be at least 50 N when tested as prescribed in paragraph 7.2.8. below.

6.8.   Classification

6.8.1.   Child Restraint Systems may cover any size range provided that the requirements for the whole range are fulfilled.

7.   TESTS

7.1.   Tests of the assembled Child Restraint System

7.1.1.   Corrosion

7.1.1.1.   The metal items of the Child Restraint System shall be positioned in a test chamber as prescribed in Annex 4. In the case of a Child Restraint System incorporating a retractor, the strap shall be unwound to full length less 100 ± 3 mm. Except for short interruptions that may be necessary, for example, to check and replenish the salt solution, the exposure test shall proceed continuously for a period of 50 ± 0,5 hours.

7.1.1.2.   On completion of the exposure test the metal items of the Child Restraint System shall be gently washed, or dipped, in clean running water with a temperature not higher than 38 °C to remove any salt deposit that may have formed and then allowed to dry at room temperature of 18 °C to 25 °C for 24 ± 1 hours before inspection in accordance with paragraph 6.6.1.2. above.

7.1.2.   Overturning

7.1.2.1.   The manikin shall be equipped with either of the load application devices as appropriate, and described in Annex 21. Place the manikin in the restraints installed in accordance with this Regulation and taking into account the manufacturer's instructions and with the standard slack as specified in paragraph 7.1.3.5., applied for all systems identically.

7.1.2.2.   The restraint shall be fastened to the test bench or vehicle seat. The whole Child Restraint System shall be rotated around a horizontal axis contained in the median longitudinal plane of the Child Restraint System through an angle of 540° ± 5° at a speed of 2-5 degrees/second and stopped in this position. For the purposes of this test, devices intended for use in specific cars may be attached to the test bench described in Annex 6.

7.1.2.3.   At this static inverted position, a mass equivalent to four times that of the dummy shall be applied vertically downwards in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation in addition to the dummy utilizing the load application device described in Annex 21. The load shall be applied in a gradual controlled manner at a rate not exceeding gravitational acceleration or 400 mm/min. Maintain the prescribed maximum load for a duration of 30 – 0/+ 5 seconds.

7.1.2.4.   Remove the load at a rate not exceeding 400 mm/min and measure displacement.

7.1.2.5.   Rotate the whole seat for 180° to return to the starting position.

7.1.2.6.   This test cycle shall be carried out again rotating in the reverse direction. With the rotational axis in the horizontal plane and at 90° to that of the two earlier tests, the procedure shall be repeated in the two directions of rotation.

7.1.2.7.   These tests shall be carried out using both the smallest and the largest appropriate dummy of the size range for which the restraining device is intended. Any adjustment of the dummy or Child Restraint Systems during the complete test cycle is not allowed.

7.1.3.   Dynamic testing for frontal, rear and lateral impact:

(a)

Frontal impact test shall be performed on "i-Size" (Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems) and "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" child restraint systems;

(b)

Rear impact test shall be performed on i-Size and "Specific Vehicle ISOFIX" Rearward facing Child Restraint Systems;

(c)

Lateral impact test are performed only on the test bench for i-Size Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems and "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.

7.1.3.1.   Tests using the trolley and test bench

7.1.3.1.1.   Frontal and rear impact tests

7.1.3.1.1.1.   The trolley and test bench used in the dynamic test shall meet the requirements of Annex 6 to this Regulation.

7.1.3.1.1.2.   The trolley shall remain horizontal throughout deceleration or acceleration.

7.1.3.1.1.3.   The test bench shall be rotated 180° when testing in compliance with the requirements of the rear impact test.

7.1.3.1.1.4.   When testing a rearward-facing Child Restraint System intended for use in the front seating position, the vehicle facia shall be represented by a rigid bar attached to the trolley in such a way that all the energy absorption takes place in the Child Restraint System.

7.1.3.1.1.5.   Deceleration or acceleration devices

The applicant shall choose to use one of the two following devices:

7.1.3.1.1.5.1.   Deceleration test device:

The deceleration of the trolley shall be achieved by using the apparatus prescribed in Annex 6 to this Regulation or any other device giving equivalent results. This apparatus shall be capable of the performance specified in paragraph 7.1.3.4. below and hereafter specified:

Calibration procedure:

 

The deceleration curve of the trolley, in the case of Child Restraint System tests performed in accordance with paragraph 7.1.3.1. above, ballasted with inert masses up to 55 kg in order to reproduce one occupied Child Restraint System, and in the case of Child Restraint System tests in a vehicle body shell performed in accordance with paragraph 7.1.3.2. below, where the trolley is ballasted with the vehicle structure and inert masses up to (x times) 55 kg reproducing the number of (x) occupied Child Restraint Systems, shall remain, in the case of frontal impact, within the hatched area of the graph in Annex 7, Appendix 1 to this Regulation, and, in the case of rear impact, within the hatched area of the graph in Annex 7, Appendix 2 to this Regulation.

 

During calibration of the stopping device, the stopping distance shall be 650 ± 30 mm for frontal impact, and 275 ± 20 mm for rear impact.

Dynamic testing conditions during testing:

For frontal and rear impact the deceleration shall be achieved with the apparatus calibrated as stated above, however:

(a)

The deceleration curve shall not have a more than 3 ms time duration exceedance of the lower borders of the performance requirements;

(b)

If the tests above were performed at a higher speed and/or the deceleration curve has exceeded the upper level of the hatched area and the Child Restraint System meets the requirements, the test shall be considered satisfactory.

7.1.3.1.1.5.2.   Acceleration test device

Dynamic testing conditions:

 

For frontal impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, during the test, its total velocity change ΔV is 52 + 0 – 2 km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the graph in Annex 7, Appendix 1 and stay above the segment defined by the coordinates (5 g, 10 ms) and (9 g, 20 ms). The start of the impact (T0) is defined, according to ISO 17 373 for a level of acceleration of 0,5 g.

 

For rear impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, during the test, its total velocity change ΔV is 32 + 2 - 0 km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the graph in Annex 7, Appendix 2 and stay above the segment defined by the coordinates (5 g, 5 ms) and (10 g, 10 ms). The start of the impact (T0) is defined, according to ISO 17 373 for a level of acceleration of 0,5 g.

 

Despite the fulfilment of the above requirements, the Technical Service shall use a mass of trolley (equipped with its test bench), as specified in paragraph 1. of Annex 6, superior to 380 kg.

 

However, if the tests above were performed at a higher speed and/or the acceleration curve has exceeded the upper level of the hatched area and the Child Restraint System meets the requirements, the test shall be considered satisfactory.

7.1.3.1.1.6.   The following measurements shall be made:

7.1.3.1.1.6.1.

The trolley speed immediately before impact (only for deceleration sleds, needed for stopping distance calculation);

7.1.3.1.1.6.2.

The stopping distance (only for deceleration sleds), which may be calculated by double integration of the recorded sled deceleration;

7.1.3.1.1.6.3.

The displacement of the dummy's head in the vertical and horizontal direction of the tests with all Q-dummies necessary for the given i-Size indication for at least the first 300 ms;

7.1.3.1.1.6.4.

The parameters required to perform the injury assessment against the criteria as mentioned in paragraph 6.6.4.3.1. above for at least the first 300 ms;

7.1.3.1.1.6.5.

The trolley acceleration or deceleration for at least the first 300 ms.

7.1.3.1.1.7.   After impact, the Child Restraint System shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle, to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.

7.1.3.1.2.   Rear impact

7.1.3.1.2.1.   The test seat shall be rotated 180° when testing its compliance with the requirements of the rear impact test.

7.1.3.1.2.2.   When testing a rearward-facing child restraint intended for use in the front seating position, the vehicle facia shall be represented by a rigid bar attached to the trolley in such a way that all the energy absorption takes place in the child restraint.

7.1.3.1.2.3.   The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Annex 7, Appendix 2.

The acceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Annex 7, Appendix 2.

7.1.3.1.2.4.   The measurements to be made shall be similar to those listed in paragraphs 7.1.3.1.1.4. to 7.1.3.1.1.5. above.

7.1.3.1.3.   Lateral impact

7.1.3.1.3.1.   The test bench shall be rotated 90° when testing in compliance with the requirements of the lateral impact test.

7.1.3.1.3.2.   The lower ISOFIX anchorages should be movable in the Y direction to avoid damage of the attachments and test equipment. The ISOFIX anchorages shall be fixed to a sliding system allowing a movement of 200 mm – 0 mm + 50 mm.

7.1.3.1.3.3.   The lateral impact loading to the CRS shall be generated by a door panel as defined in Annex 6, Appendix 3. The surface of the panel shall be covered with padding as specified in Annex 6, Appendix 3.

7.1.3.1.3.4.   The test rig shall reproduce a relative velocity between the door panel and the test bench in compliance with Annex 7 Appendix 3. The maximum intrusion depth of the door panel is defined in Annex 6 Appendix 3. The relative velocity between the door panel and the test bench shall not be affected by contact with the CRS and shall remain within the corridor defined in Annex 7, Appendix 3. In a test where the door is stationary at time t0, the door shall be fixed and the dummy's ground velocity at t0 shall be between 6,375 m/s and 7,25 m/s. In a test where the door is moving at t0, the door's ground velocity shall remain within the corridor defined in Annex 7, Appendix 3 at least until its intrusion reaches its maximum, and the dummy shall be stationary at t0.

7.1.3.1.3.5.   The CRS shall be tested in its most upright position.

7.1.3.1.3.6.   At time t0 defined Annex 7, Appendix 3, the dummy shall be in its initial position as defined in paragraph 7.1.3.5.2.1. below.

7.1.3.2.   Test on trolley and vehicle body shell

7.1.3.2.1.   For frontal impact tests

7.1.3.2.1.1.   The method used to secure the vehicle during the test shall not be such as to strengthen the anchorages of the vehicle seats, adult safety belts and any additional anchorages required to secure the child restraint or to lessen the normal deformation of the structure. No part of the vehicle shall be present which, by limiting the movement of the dummy, would reduce the load imposed on the child restraint during the test. The parts of the structure eliminated may be replaced by parts of equivalent strength, provided they do not hinder the movement of the dummy.

7.1.3.2.1.2.   A securing device shall be regarded as satisfactory if it produces no effect on an area extending over the whole width of the structure and if the vehicle or structure is blocked or fixed in front at a distance of not less than 500 mm from the anchorage of the restraint system. At the rear the structure shall be secured at a sufficient distance behind the anchorages to ensure that all requirements of paragraph 7.1.3.2.1.1. above are fulfilled.

7.1.3.2.1.3.   The vehicle seat and Child Restraint System shall be fitted and placed in a position chosen by the Technical Service conducting the approval tests to give the most adverse conditions in respect of strength, compatible with installation of the dummy in the vehicle. The position of the vehicle seat-back and Child Restraint System shall be stated in the report. The vehicle seat-back, if adjustable for inclination, shall be locked as specified by the manufacturer or, in the absence of any specification, at an actual seat-back angle as near as possible to 25°.

7.1.3.2.1.4.   Unless the instructions for fitting and use require otherwise, the front seat shall be placed in the most forward normally used position for child restraints intended for use in the front seating position, and in the rearmost normally used position for child restraints intended for use in the rear seating position.

7.1.3.2.1.5.   The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of paragraph 7.1.3.4. below. The test bench will be the seat of the actual vehicle.

7.1.3.2.1.6.   The following measurements shall be made:

7.1.3.2.1.6.1.

The trolley speed immediately before impact (only for deceleration sleds, needed for stopping distance calculation);

7.1.3.2.1.6.2.

The stopping distance (only for deceleration sleds), which may be calculated by double integration of the recorded sled deceleration;

7.1.3.2.1.6.3.

Any contact of the dummy's head with the interior of the vehicle body shell;

7.1.3.2.1.6.4.

The parameters required to perform the injury assessment against the criteria as mentioned in paragraph 6.6.4.3.1. above for at least the first 300 ms;

7.1.3.2.1.6.5.

The trolley and vehicle body shell acceleration or deceleration for at least the first 300 ms.

7.1.3.2.1.7.   After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle, to determine whether there has been any failure.

7.1.3.2.2.   For rear impact tests

7.1.3.2.2.1.   The vehicle body shell shall be rotated 180° on the test trolley.

7.1.3.2.2.2.   Same requirements as for frontal impact (paras. 7.1.3.2.1.1. to 7.1.3.2.1.5. above) shall apply.

7.1.3.3.   When testing with a complete vehicle

7.1.3.3.1.   The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of paragraph 7.1.3.4. below.

7.1.3.3.2.   For frontal impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 9 to this Regulation.

7.1.3.3.3.   For rear impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 10 to this Regulation.

7.1.3.3.4.   The following measurements shall be made:

7.1.3.3.4.1.

The speed of the vehicle/impactor immediately before impact (only for deceleration sleds, needed for stopping distance calculation);

7.1.3.3.4.2.

Any contact of the dummy's head with the interior of the vehicle;

7.1.3.3.4.3.

The parameters required to perform the injury assessment against the criteria as mentioned in paragraph 6.6.4.3.1. above for at least the first 300 ms.

7.1.3.3.5.   The front seats, if adjustable for inclination, shall be locked as specified by the manufacturer or, in the absence of any specification, at an actual seat-back angle as near as possible to 25°.

7.1.3.3.6.   After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle, to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.

7.1.3.4.   The conditions for dynamic test are summarized in Table 4:

Table 4

 

Frontal impact

Rear impact

Lateral impact

Test

Restraint

Speed km/h

Test pulse No.

Stopping distance during test (mm)

Speed km/h

Test pulse No.

Stopping distance during test (mm)

Relative door/bench velocity

Stopping distance during test (mm) Maximum intrusion

Trolley with test bench

Forward Facing

50 + 0

– 2

1

650 ± 50

NA

NA

NA

3

250 ± 50

Rearward Facing

50 + 0

– 2

1

650 ± 50

30 + 2

– 0

2

275 ± 25

3

250 ± 50

Lateral Facing

50 + 0

– 2

1

650 ± 50

30 + 2

– 0

2

275 ± 25

3

250 ± 50

Test pulse No. 1 – As prescribed in Annex 7 / Appendix 1 – Frontal impact.

Test pulse No. 2 – As prescribed in Annex 7 / Appendix 2 – Rear impact.

Test velocity corridor curve No. 3 – As prescribed in Annex 7 / Appendix 3 – Lateral impact

NA: non-applicable

7.1.3.5.   Dynamic test dummies

7.1.3.5.1.   The Child Restraint System shall be tested using the dummies prescribed in Annex 8 to this Regulation.

7.1.3.5.2.   Installation of the dummy for frontal and rear impacts

7.1.3.5.2.1.   Installation of a Child Restraint System on the test bench.

The unoccupied ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall be attached to the ISOFIX anchorage system.

Securing the ISOFIX attachments to the ISOFIX lower anchorages shall be permitted to draw the unoccupied Child Restraint System towards those anchorages.

An additional force of 135 +/– 15N shall be applied in a plane parallel to the surface of the test seat cushion. The force shall be applied along the centre line of the Child Restraint System and at a height no more than 100 mm above the cushion.

If present, the top tether shall be adjusted to achieve a tension load of 50 +/– 5N. Alternatively, and if present, the support-leg shall be adjusted according to the child restraint system manufacturer's instructions.

The Child Restraint System centre line shall be aligned with the centre line of the test bench.

The dummy shall be placed in the Child Restraint System separate from the seat-back of the chair by a flexible spacer. The spacer shall be 2,5 cm thick and 6 cm wide. It shall have length equal to the shoulder height less the thigh height, both in the sitting position and relevant to the dummy size being tested. The resulting height of the spacer is listed in the table below for the different dummy sizes. The board should follow as closely as possible the curvature of the chair and its lower end should be at the height of the dummy's hip joint.

 

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Q10 (design targets)

 

Dimensions in mm

Height of spacer device for positioning of dummy

 

229 ± 2

237 ± 2

250 ± 2

270 ± 2

359 ± 2

Adjust the belt in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, but to a tension of 250 ± 25 N above the adjuster force, with a deflection angle of the strap at the adjuster of 45 ± 5°, or alternatively, the angle prescribed by the manufacturer.

The spacer shall then be removed and the dummy pushed towards to the seat back. Distribute the slack evenly throughout the harness.

The longitudinal plane passing through the centre line of the dummy shall be set midway between the two lower belt anchorages, however note shall also be taken of paragraph 7.1.3.2.1.3. above.

After installation, the dummy position shall be adjusted so that:

 

The dummy centre line and the Child Restraint System centre line shall be aligned exactly with the centre line of the test bench.

 

The arms of the dummy shall be positioned symmetrically. Elbows shall be positioned in such a way that the upper arms are closely aligned with the sternum.

 

Hands shall be positioned on the thighs.

 

Legs shall be positioned parallel to one another or at least symmetrically.

 

For lateral impact, positive measures shall be taken to ensure the stability of the dummy is maintained until t0 and this shall be confirmed using video analysis. Any means used to stabilise the dummy before t0 shall not influence the dummy kinematics after t0.

 

Because the foam of the test bench seat cushion will compress after installation of the Child Restraint System, the dynamic test shall be conducted no more than 10 minutes after installation.

 

To allow the test bench seat cushion to recover, the minimum period between two tests using the same test bench seat cushion shall be 20 minutes.

Example for arm alignment:

Image

Image

7.1.3.6.   i-Size indication

The dynamic tests shall be conducted with the largest dummy and the smallest dummy as defined in the following tables according to the size range indicated by the manufacturer for the Child Restraint System.

Table 6

Selection criteria for the dummy according to the range

Size range indication

≤ 60

60 < × ≤ 75

75 < × ≤ 87

87 < × ≤ 105

105 < × ≤ 125

> 125

Dummy

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Q10

Where the Child Restraint System requires substantial modification for different sizes (e.g., convertible Child Restraint System) or if the size range cover more than 3 size ranges a relevant intermediate dummy(ies) shall be tested in addition to the dummy(ies) defined above.

7.1.3.6.1.   If the Child Restraint System is designed for two or more children, one test shall be carried out with the heaviest dummies occupying all seating positions. A second test with the lightest and the heaviest dummies specified above shall be carried out. The tests shall be conducted using the test bench as shown in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 3. The laboratory conducting the tests may, if it deems it advisable, add a third test with any combination of dummies or empty seat positions.

7.1.3.6.2.   If the i-Size Child Restraint System uses a top tether, one test shall be carried out with the smallest dummy with the shorter distance of the top tether (anchorage point G1). A second test shall be carried out with the heavier dummy with the longer distance of the top tether (anchorage point G2). Adjust the top tether to achieve a tension load of 50 ± 5 N. For side lateral impact the ISOFIX child restraint shall be tested with only the shorter distance of the top tether.

7.1.3.6.3.   If the i-Size Child Restraint System uses a support-leg, as an anti-rotation device the hereafter mentioned dynamic tests shall be carried out as follows:

(a)

The tests for frontal impact shall be conducted with the support-leg adjusted to its maximum adjustment compatible with the positioning of the trolley floor pan. The tests for rear impact shall be conducted with the worst case position selected by the Technical Service. During the tests the support-leg shall be supported by the trolley floor pan as described in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 2;

(b)

In the case of support-legs out of the plane of symmetry, the worst case shall be selected by the Technical Service for the test;

(c)

In the case of "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category, the support-leg shall be adjusted as specified by the Child Restraint System manufacturer;

(d)

The leg length of a support-leg shall be adjustable in such a way that it is able to cover the complete span of floor pan levels that are allowed for in Regulation No. 16, Annex 17 for car seats to be approved for the installation i-Size Child Restraints Systems.

7.1.3.6.4.   The test specified in paragraph 6.6.4.1.6.2. above is a requirement only for the largest dummy for which the child restraint is designed.

7.2.   Testing of individual components

7.2.1.   Buckle

7.2.1.1.   Opening test under load

7.2.1.1.1.   A child restraint already having been subjected to the dynamic test specified in paragraph 7.1.3. above shall be used for this test.

7.2.1.1.2.   The child restraint shall be removed from the test trolley or the vehicle without opening the buckle. A tension of 200 ± 2 N shall be applied to the buckle. If the buckle is attached to a rigid part, the force shall be applied reproducing the angle formed between the buckle and that rigid part during the dynamic test.

7.2.1.1.3.   A load shall be applied at a speed of 400 ± 20 mm/min to the geometric centre of the buckle-release button along a fixed axis running parallel to the initial direction of motion of the button; the geometric centre applies to that part of the surface of the buckle to which the release pressure is to be applied. The buckle shall be secured against a rigid support during the application of the opening force.

7.2.1.1.4.   The buckle opening force shall be applied, using a dynamometer or similar device in the manner and direction of normal use. The contact end shall be a polished metal hemisphere with radius 2,5 ± 0,1 mm.

7.2.1.1.5.   The buckle opening force shall be measured and any failure noted.

7.2.1.2.   Opening test under zero load

7.2.1.2.1.   A buckle assembly which has not previously been subjected to a load shall be mounted and positioned under a "no load" condition.

7.2.1.2.2.   The method of measuring the buckle opening force shall be as prescribed in paragraphs 7.2.1.1.3. and 7.2.1.1.4. above.

7.2.1.2.3.   The buckle opening force shall be measured.

7.2.1.3.   Strength testing

7.2.1.3.1.   For the strength test two samples have to be used. All adjusters, except for adjusters mounted directly on a child restraint are included in the test.

7.2.1.3.2.   Annex 16 shows a typical device for a buckle strength test. The buckle is placed on the upper round plate (A) within the relief. All adjacent straps have a length of at least 250 mm and are arranged hanging down from the upper plate respective to their position at the buckle. The free strap ends are then wound round the lower round plate (B) until they come out at the plate's inner opening. All straps have to be vertical between A and B. The round clamping plate (C) is then lightly clamped against the lower face of (B), still allowing a certain strap movement between them. With a small force at the tensile machine the straps are tensioned and pulled between (B) and (C) until all straps are loaded respective to their arrangement. The buckle shall stay free from plate (A) or any parts at (A) during this operation and the test itself. (B) and (C) are then clamped firmly together and the tensile force is increased at a traverse speed of 100 ± 20 mm/min until the required values are reached.

7.2.2.   Adjusting device

7.2.2.1.   Ease of adjustment

7.2.2.1.1.   When testing a manual adjusting device, the strap shall be drawn steadily through the adjusting device, having regard for the normal conditions of use, at a rate of 100 ± 20 mm/min and the maximum force measured to the nearest integer value of N after the first 25 ± 5 mm of strap movement.

7.2.2.1.2.   The test shall be carried out in both directions of strap travel through the device, the strap being subjected to the full travel cycle 10 times prior to the measurement.

7.2.3.   Microslip test (see Annex 5, Figure 3)

7.2.3.1.   The components or devices to be subjected to the microslip test shall be kept for a minimum of 24 hours before testing in an atmosphere having a temperature of 20 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of 65 ± 5 per cent. The test shall be carried out at a temperature between 15 °C and 30 °C.

7.2.3.2.   The free end of the strap shall be arranged in the same configuration as when the device is in use in the vehicle, and shall not be attached to any other part.

7.2.3.3.   The adjusting device shall be placed on a vertical piece of strap one end of which bears a load of 50 ± 0,5 N (guided in a manner which prevents the load from swinging and the strap from twisting). The free end of the strap from the adjusting device shall be mounted vertically upwards or downwards as it is in the vehicle. The other end shall pass over a deflector roller with its horizontal axis parallel to the plane of the section of strap supporting the load, the section passing over the roller being horizontal.

7.2.3.4.   The device being tested shall be arranged in such a way that its centre, in the highest position to which it can be raised, is 300 ± 5 mm from a support table, and the load of 50 N shall be 100 ± 5 mm from that support table.

7.2.3.5.   20 ± 2 pre-test cycles shall then be completed and 1 000 ± 5 cycles shall then be completed at a frequency of 30 ± 10 cycles per minute, the total amplitude being 300 ± 20 mm or as specified in paragraph 7.2.5.2.6.2. above. The 50 N load shall be applied only during the time corresponding to a shift of 100 ± 20 mm for each half period. Microslip shall be measured from the position at the end of the 20 pre-test cycles.

7.2.4.   Retractor

7.2.4.1.   Retracting force

7.2.4.1.1.   The retracting forces shall be measured with the safety belt assembly, fitted to a dummy as for the dynamic test prescribed in paragraph 7.1.3. above. The strap tension shall be measured at the point of contact with (but just clear of) the dummy while the strap is being retracted at the approximate rate of 0,6 m/min.

7.2.4.2.   Durability of retractor mechanism

7.2.4.2.1.   The strap shall be withdrawn and allowed to retract for the required number of cycles at a rate of not more than 30 cycles per minute. In the case of emergency-locking retractors, a jolt to lock the retractor shall be introduced at each fifth cycle. The jolts occur in equal numbers at each of five different extractions, namely, 90, 80, 75, 70 and 65 per cent of the total length of the strap on the retractor. However, where the length of the strap exceeds 900 mm the above percentage shall be related to the final 900 mm of strap which can be withdrawn from the retractor.

7.2.4.3.   Locking of emergency-locking retractors

7.2.4.3.1.   The retractor shall be tested once for locking, when the strap has been unwound to its full length less 300 ± 3 mm.

7.2.4.3.2.   In the case of a retractor actuated by strap movement, the extraction shall be in the direction in which it normally occurs when the retractor is installed in a vehicle.

7.2.4.3.3.   When retractors are being tested for sensitivity to vehicle accelerations, they shall be tested at the above extraction length in both directions along two mutually perpendicular axes which are horizontal if the retractors are to be installed in a vehicle as specified by the child restraint manufacturer. When this position is not specified, the testing authority shall consult the child restraint manufacturer. One of these test directions shall be chosen by the Technical Service conducting the approval tests to give the most adverse conditions with respect to actuation of the locking mechanism.

7.2.4.3.4.   The design of the apparatus used shall be such that the required acceleration is given at an average rate of increase of acceleration of at least 25 g/s (8).

7.2.4.3.5.   For testing compliance with the requirements of paragraphs 6.7.3.2.1.3. and 6.7.3.2.1.4. above the retractor shall be mounted on a horizontal table and the table tilted at a speed not exceeding 2° per second until locking has occurred. The test shall be repeated with tilting in other directions to ensure that the requirements are fulfilled.

7.2.4.4.   Corrosion testing

7.2.4.4.1.   The corrosion testing shall be carried out as paragraph 7.1.1. above.

7.2.4.5.   Dust resistance testing

7.2.4.5.1.   The retractor shall be positioned in a test chamber as described in Annex 3 to this Regulation. It shall be mounted in an orientation similar to that in which it is mounted in the vehicle. The test chamber shall contain dust as specified in paragraph 7.2.4.5.2. below. A length of 500 mm of the strap shall be extracted from the retractor and kept extracted, except that it shall be subjected to 10 complete cycles of retraction and withdrawal within one or two minutes after each agitation of the dust. For a period of five hours, the dust shall be agitated every 20 minutes for five seconds by compressed air free of oil and moisture at a gauge pressure of 5,5 ± 0,5 bars entering through an orifice 1,5 ± 0,1 mm in diameter.

7.2.4.5.2.   The dust used in the test described in paragraph 7.2.4.5.1. above shall consist of about 1 kg of dry quartz. The particle size distribution shall be as follows:

(a)

Passing 150 μm aperture, 104 μm wire diameter: 99 to 100 per cent;

(b)

Passing 105 μm aperture, 64 μm wire diameter: 76 to 86 per cent;

(c)

Passing 75 μm aperture, 52 μm wire diameter: 60 to 70 per cent.

7.2.5.   Static test for straps

7.2.5.1.   Strap strength test

7.2.5.1.1.   Each test shall be carried out on two new samples of strap, conditioned as specified in paragraph 6.7.4. of this Regulation

7.2.5.1.2.   Each strap shall be gripped between the clamps of a tensile strength-testing machine. The clamps shall be so designed as to avoid breakage of the strap at or near them. The speed of traverse shall be 100 ± 20 mm/min. The free length of the specimen between the clamps of the machine at the start of the test shall be 200 mm ± 40 mm.

7.2.5.1.2.1.   The tension shall be increased until the strap breaks and the breaking load noted.

7.2.5.1.3.   If the strap slips or breaks at or within 10 mm of either of the clamps, the test shall be invalid and a new test shall be carried out on another specimen.

7.2.5.2.   Samples out from straps, as referred to in paragraph 3.2.3. of this Regulation, shall be conditioned as follows:

7.2.5.2.1.   Room conditioning

7.2.5.2.1.1.   The strap shall be kept for 24 ± 1 hours in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 per cent. If the test is not carried out immediately after conditioning, the specimen shall be placed in a hermetically closed receptacle until the test begins. The breaking load shall be determined within five minutes after removal of the strap from the conditioning atmosphere or from the receptacle.

7.2.5.2.2.   Light conditioning

7.2.5.2.2.1.   The provisions of Recommendation ISO/105-B02 (1978), shall apply. The strap shall be exposed to light for the time necessary to produce fading of Standard Blue Dye No. 7 to a contrast equal to Grade 4 on the grey scale.

7.2.5.2.2.2.   After exposure, the strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24 hours in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23 °C + 5 °C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 per cent. The breaking load shall be determined within five minutes after the removal of the strap from the conditioning installation.

7.2.5.2.3.   Cold conditioning

7.2.5.2.3.1.   The strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24 hours in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 per cent.

7.2.5.2.3.2.   The strap shall then be kept for 90 ± 5 minutes on a plain surface in a low-temperature chamber in which the air temperature is – 30 °C ± 5 °C. It shall then be folded and the fold shall be loaded with a weight of 2 ± 0,2 kg previously cooled to – 30 °C ± 5 °C. When the strap has been kept under load for 30 ± 5 minutes in the same low-temperature chamber, the weight shall be removed and the breaking load shall be measured within five minutes after removal of the strap from the low-temperature chamber.

7.2.5.2.4.   Heat conditioning

7.2.5.2.4.1.   The strap shall be kept for 180 ± 10 minutes in a heating-cabinet atmosphere having a temperature of 60 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity 65 ± 5 per cent.

7.2.5.2.4.2.   The breaking load shall be determined within five minutes after removal of the strap from the heating cabinet.

7.2.5.2.5.   Exposure to water

7.2.5.2.5.1.   The strap shall be kept fully immersed for 180 ± 10 minutes in distilled water, at a temperature of 20 °C ± 5 °C, to which a trace of wetting agent has been added. Any wetting agent suitable for the fibre being tested may be used.

7.2.5.2.5.2.   The breaking load shall be determined within 10 minutes after removal of the strap from the water.

7.2.5.2.6.   Abrasion conditioning

7.2.5.2.6.1.   The components or devices to be submitted to the abrasion test shall be kept for a minimum of 24 hours before testing in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23 °C ± 5 °C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10 per cent. The room temperature during the testing shall be between 15 °C and 30 °C.

7.2.5.2.6.2.   The table below sets out the general conditions for each test:

Table 8

 

Load (N)

Cycles per minute

Cycles (No.)

Type 1 procedure

10 ± 0,1

30 ± 10

1 000 ± 5

Type 2 procedure

5 ± 0,05

30 ± 10

5 000 ± 5

Where there is insufficient strap to test over 300 mm of shift, the test may be applied over a shorter length subject to a minimum of 100 mm.

7.2.5.2.6.3.   Particular test conditions

7.2.5.2.6.3.1.   Type 1 procedure: For cases where the strap slides through the quick adjusting device. The 10 N load shall be vertically and permanently applied on one of the straps. The other strap, set horizontally, shall be attached to a device, giving the webbing a back and forth motion. The adjusting device shall be so placed that the horizontal strap of the webbing remains under tension (see Annex 5, Figure 1).

7.2.5.2.6.3.2.   Type 2 procedure: For cases where the strap changes direction in passing through a rigid part. During this test, the angles of both webbing straps shall be as shown in Annex 5, Figure 2. The 5 N load shall be permanently applied. For cases where the strap changes direction more than once in passing through a rigid part, the load of 5 N may be increased so as to achieve the prescribed 300 mm of strap movement through that rigid part.

7.2.6.   Conditioning test for adjusters mounted directly on a child restraint

Install the largest dummy for which the restraint is intended, as if for the dynamic test, including the standard slack as specified in paragraph 7.1.3.5. above. Mark a reference line on the webbing where the free end of the webbing enters the adjuster.

Remove the dummy and place the restraint in the conditioning rig shown in Figure 1, Annex 16.

The webbing shall be cycled for a total distance of not less than 150 mm through the adjuster. This movement shall be such that at least 100 mm of webbing on the side of the reference line towards the free end of the webbing and the remainder of the moving distance (approx. 50 mm) on the integral harness side of the reference line moves through the adjuster.

If the length of webbing from the reference line to the free end of the webbing is insufficient for the movement described above, the 150 mm of movement through the adjuster shall be from the fully extended harness position.

The frequency of cycling shall be 10 ± 1 cycles/minute, with a velocity on "B" of 150 ± 10 mm/sec.

7.2.7.   Temperature test

7.2.7.1.   The components specified in paragraph 6.6.5.1. above shall be exposed to an environment over a water surface within a closed space, the environment having a temperature of not less than 80 °C, for a continuous period of not less than 24 hours and then cooled in an environment having a temperature not exceeding 23 °C. The cooling period shall immediately be followed by three consecutive 24 hour cycles with each cycle comprising the following consecutive sequences:

(a)

An environment having a temperature of not less than 100 °C shall be maintained for a continuous period of 6 hours and this environment shall be attained within 80 minutes of commencement of the cycle; then

(b)

An environment having a temperature of not more than 0 °C shall be maintained for a continuous period of 6 hours and this environment shall be attained within 90 minutes; then

(c)

An environment having a temperature of not more than 23 °C shall be maintained during the remainder of the 24 hour cycle.

7.2.8.   The complete seat, or the component fitted with ISOFIX attachments (e.g. ISOFIX base) if it has a release button, is attached rigidly to a test rig in such a way that ISOFIX connectors are vertically aligned as shown in Figure 3. A 6 mm diameter bar, 350 mm long, shall be attached to the ISOFIX connectors. A mass of 5 kg shall be attached to the extremities of the bar.

7.2.8.1.   An opening force shall be applied to the release button or handle along a fixed axis running parallel to the initial direction of motion of the button/handle; the geometric centre applies to that part of the surface of the ISOFIX attachment to which the release pressure is to be applied.

7.2.8.2.   The ISOFIX attachment opening force shall be applied using a dynamometer or similar device in the normal manner and direction as indicated in the manufacturers user manual. The contact end shall be a polished metal hemisphere with radius 2,5 ± 0,1 mm for a release button or a polished metal hook with a radius of 25 mm.

7.2.8.3.   If the design of the child restraint prevents the application of the procedure described in paragraphs 7.2.8.1. and 7.2.8.2., an alternative method may be applied with the agreement of the Technical Service carrying out the test.

7.2.8.4.   The ISOFIX attachment opening force to be measured shall be that needed to disengage the first connector.

7.2.8.5.   The test shall be carried out on a new seat, and repeated on a seat that has been subjected to the cycling procedure specified in paragraph 6.7.5.1.

Image

7.3.   Certification of test bench cushion.

7.3.1.   The test bench seat cushion shall be certified when new to establish initial values for impact penetration and peak deceleration, and then after every 50 dynamic tests or at least every month, whichever is the sooner, or before each test if the test rig is used frequently.

7.3.2.   The certification and measuring procedures shall correspond to those specified in the latest version of ISO 6487; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification of a data channel with a channel filter class (CFC) 60.

Using the test device defined in Annex 14 to this Regulation, conducts three tests, 150 ± 5 mm from the front edge of the cushion on the centre line and at 150 ± 5 mm in each direction from the centre line.

Place the device vertically on a flat rigid surface. Lower the impact mass until it contacts the surface and set the penetration marker to the zero position. Place the device vertically above the test point, raise the mass 500 ± 5 mm and allow it to fall freely to make impact on the test bench seat cushion surface. Record the penetration and the deceleration curve.

7.3.3.   The peak values recorded shall not deviate by more than 15 per cent from the initial values.

7.4.   Registration of dynamic behaviour

7.4.1.   In order to determine the behaviour of the dummy and its displacements, all dynamic tests shall be registered according to the following conditions:

7.4.1.1.

Filming and recording conditions:

(a)

The frequency shall be at least 1 000 frames per second;

(b)

The test shall be recorded on video or digital data carrier over at least the first 300 ms.

7.4.1.2.

Estimation of uncertainty:

 

Testing laboratories shall have and shall apply procedures for estimating uncertainty of measurement of the displacement of the dummy’s head. The uncertainty shall be within ± 25 mm.

 

Examples of international standards of such procedure are EA–4/02 of the European Accreditation Organization or ISO 5725:1994 or the General Uncertainty Measurement (GUM) method.

7.5.   The measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the latest version of ISO 6487. The channel frequency class shall be:

Table 9

Type of measurement

CFC(FH)

Cut-off frequency (FN)

Trolley acceleration

600

see ISO 6487Annex A

Belt loads

600

see ISO 6487Annex A

Chest acceleration

600

see ISO 6487Annex A

Head acceleration

1 000

1 650 Hz

Upper neck force

600

 

Upper neck moment

600

 

Chest deflection

600

 

The sampling rate should be a minimum of 10 times the channel frequency class (i.e. in installations with channel frequency class of 1 000, this corresponds to a minimum sampling rate of 10 000 samples per second per channel).

8.   TEST REPORTS OF TYPE APPROVAL AND OF PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION

8.1.

The test report shall record the results of all tests and measurements including the following test data:

(a)

The type of device used for the test (acceleration or deceleration device);

(b)

The total velocity change;

(c)

The trolley speed immediately before impact only for deceleration sleds;

(d)

The acceleration or deceleration curve during all the velocity change of the trolley and at least 300 ms;

(e)

The time (in ms) when the head of the dummy reaches its maximum displacement during the performance of the dynamic test;

(f)

The place occupied by the buckle during the tests, if it can be varied;

(g)

Any failure or breakage;

(h)

The following dummy criteria: HIC, Head acceleration 3 ms, Upper neck tension force, Upper neck moment, Thorax chest deflection; and

(i)

The lap belt force.

8.2.

If provisions relating to anchorages contained in Annex 6, Appendix 3, to this Regulation have not been respected, the test report shall describe how the child restraint is installed and shall specify important angles and dimensions.

8.3.

When the child restraint is tested in a vehicle or vehicle structure, the test report shall specify the manner of attaching the vehicle structure to the trolley, the position of the Child Restraint System and vehicle seat and the inclination of the vehicle seat-back.

8.4.

The test reports of type approval and of production qualification shall record the verification of markings and of instructions on installation and use.

9.   PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION

9.1.   In order to make sure that the manufacturer's production system is satisfactory, the Technical Service, which conducted the type approval tests, shall carry out tests to qualify production in accordance with paragraph 9.2. below.

9.2.   Qualifying the production of Child Restraint Systems

The production of each new approved type of Child Restraint System of categories i-Size and specific to vehicle shall be subjected to production qualification tests. Additional qualifications of production may be prescribed following paragraph 11.1.3.

For this purpose, a random sample of five Child Restraint Systems will be taken from the first production batch.

The first production batch is considered to be the production of the first block containing a minimum of 50 Child Restraint Systems and a maximum of 5 000 Child Restraint Systems.

9.2.1.   Dynamic tests for frontal and rear impact

9.2.1.1.

Five Child Restraint Systems shall be subjected to the dynamic test described in paragraph 7.1.3. above. The Technical Service that conducted the type approval tests shall choose the conditions that produced the maximum horizontal head excursion during the type approval dynamic tests, excluding the conditions described in paragraph 6.6.4.1.6.2. above. All the five Child Restraint Systems shall be tested under the same conditions.

9.2.1.2.

For each test described in paragraph 9.2.1.1. above, the injury criteria described in paragraph 6.6.4.3.1. above; and

For forward facing the head excursion described in paragraph 6.6.4.4.1.1. above;

For rearward facing and carrycots the head excursion described in paragraph 6.6.4.4.1.2.1. above;

Shall be measured.

9.2.1.3.

The maximum head excursion results shall comply with the following two conditions:

9.2.1.3.1.

No value shall exceed 1,05 L, and

X + S shall not exceed L

Where:

L

=

the limit value prescribed

X

=

the mean of the values

S

=

the standard deviation of the values.

9.2.1.3.2.

The injury criteria results shall comply with the requirements of paragraph 6.6.4.3.1. above and, in addition, the X + S condition in paragraph 9.2.1.3.1. above shall be applied to the 3 ms clipped injury criteria results (as defined in para. 6.6.4.3.1. above) and recorded for information only.

9.2.2.   Dynamic tests for lateral impact

9.2.3.   Control of markings

9.2.3.1.

The Technical Service that conducted the approval tests shall verify that the markings conform to the requirements of paragraph 4. of this Regulation.

9.2.3.2.

Control of instructions on installation and the instructions for use.

9.2.3.3.

The Technical Service that conducted the approval tests shall verify that the instructions on installation and the instructions for use conform to paragraph 14. of this Regulation.

10.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION AND ROUTINE TESTS

The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324–E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:

10.1.

Any Child Restraint System approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in paragraphs 6. to 7. above.

10.2.

The minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures set forth in Annex 12 to this Regulation shall be complied with.

10.3.

The Type Approval Authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these verifications shall be twice a year.

11.   MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM

11.1.

Every modification of a Child Restraint System shall be notified to the Type Approval Authority which approved the Child Restraint System. The Type Approval Authority may then either:

11.1.1.

Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and that in any case the Child Restraint System still complies with the requirements; or

11.1.2.

Require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests.

11.2.

Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 5.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation.

11.1.3.

If a further test report is required, compare the horizontal head excursion result with the worst case from all results previously recorded:

(a)

If the excursion is greater, then new production qualification testing must be carried out;

(b)

If the excursion is less, production qualification tests do not need to be carried out.

11.4.

The Type Approval Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

12.   PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

12.1.

The approval granted in respect of a Child Restraint System pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if a Child Restraint System bearing the particulars referred to in paragraph 5.4. of this Regulation fails to pass the random checks described in paragraph 9. above or does not conform to the type approved.

12.2.

If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

13.   PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED

13.1.

If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a specific type of Child Restraint System under this Regulation, he shall inform thereof the Type Approval Authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that Type Approval Authority shall inform the other Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

14.   INFORMATION FOR USERS

14.1.

Each Child Restraint System shall be accompanied by instructions in the language of the country where the device is sold with the following content:

14.2.

Instructions on installation shall include the following points:

14.2.1.

For "i-Size" category Child Restraint Systems the following label shall be clearly visible on the exterior of the packing:

Notice

This is an "i-Size" Child Restraint System. It is approved to Regulation No.129, for use in, "i-Size compatible" vehicle seating positions as indicated by vehicle manufacturers in the vehicle users’ manual.

If in doubt, consult either the child restraint manufacturer or the retailer.

14.2.2.

For "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category Child Restraint Systems information on the applicable vehicle shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the child restraint from its packing;

14.2.3.

The child restraint manufacturer shall provide information on the exterior packaging as to the address to which the customer can write to obtain further information on fitting the child restraint in specific cars;

14.2.4.

The method of installation illustrated by photographs and/or very clear drawings;

14.2.5.

The user shall be advised that the rigid items and plastic parts of a child restraint shall be so located and installed that they are not liable, during everyday use of the vehicle, to become trapped by a movable seat or in a door of the vehicle;

14.2.6.

The user should be advised to use carry-cots perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;

14.2.7.

In the case of rearward facing Child Restraint Systems the customer shall be advised not to use them in seating positions where there is an active frontal airbag installed. This information shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packaging;

14.2.8.

For "i-Size Special Needs Restraints" the following information shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the child restraint from its packing:

This "i-Size Special Needs Restraint" is designed to give extra support to children who have difficulty in sitting correctly in conventional seats. Always consult your doctor to make sure that this restraint system is suitable for your child.

14.3.

The instructions for use shall include the following points:

14.3.1.

The "Size range" and the maximum occupant mass for which the device is intended:

14.3.2.

The method of use shall be shown by photographs and/or very clear drawings. In the case of seats that can be used both forward and rearward facing, clear warning shall be given to keep the Child Restraint System rearward facing until the child's age is greater than a stated limit, or some other dimensional criterion is exceeded;

14.3.3.

For forward facing Child Restraint System, the following information shall be clearly visible on the exterior of the packing:

"IMPORTANT - DO NOT USE FORWARD FACING BEFORE THE CHILD'S AGE EXCEEDS 15 months (Refer to instructions)".

14.3.4.

The operation of the buckle and adjusting devices shall be explained clearly;

14.3.5.

It shall be recommended that any straps holding the restraint to the vehicle should be tight, that any support-leg should be in contact with the vehicle floor, that any straps restraining the child should be adjusted to the child's body, and that straps should not be twisted;

14.3.6.

The importance of ensuring that any lap strap is worn low down, so that the pelvis is firmly engaged, shall be stressed;

14.3.7.

It shall be recommended that the device should be replaced when it has been subject to violent stresses in an accident;

14.3.8.

Instructions for cleaning shall be given;

14.3.9.

A general warning shall be given to the user concerning the danger of making any alterations or additions to the device without the approval of the Type Approval Authority, and a danger of not following closely the installation instructions provided by the child restraint manufacturer;

14.3.10.

When the chair is not provided with a textile cover, it shall be recommended that the chair should be kept away from sunlight, otherwise it may be too hot for the child's skin;

14.3.11.

It shall be recommended that children are not left in their Child Restraint System unattended;

14.3.12.

It shall be recommended that any luggage or other objects liable to cause injuries in the event of a collision shall be properly secured.

14.3.13.

It shall be recommended that:

14.3.13.1.

The Child Restraint System shall not be used without the cover;

14.3.13.2.

The Child Restraint System cover should not be replaced with any other than the one recommended by the manufacturer, because the cover constitutes an integral part of the restraint performance.

14.3.14.

There shall be provisions made so that the instructions can be retained on the child restraint for its life period or in the vehicle handbook in the case of built-in restraints.

14.3.15.

For an "i-Size Child Restraint System", the user shall also be referred to the vehicle manufacturer's handbook.

15.   NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES

The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval, or production definitively discontinued, issued in other countries, are to be sent.


(1)  The distinguishing number of the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement are reproduced in Annex 3 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), document TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.2/Amend.3.

(2)  Child Restraint Fixture (CRF) as defined in Regulation No. 16 (Safety-belts).

(3)  HPC: see Annex 17.

(4)  To be reviewed within 3 years following entry into force of this Regulation.

(5)  To be reviewed within 3 years following entry into force of this Regulation.

(6)  To be reviewed within 3 years following entry into force of this Regulation.

(7)  To be reviewed within 3 years following entry into force of this Regulation.

(8)  g = 9,81 m/s2.


ANNEX 1

COMMUNICATION

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))

Image

Image


ANNEX 2

ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARK

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The Child Restraint System bearing the above approval mark is a device capable of being fitted in any i-size compatible vehicle seating position and capable of being used for the 40 cm to 70 cm size range and mass limit of 24 kg; it is approved in France (E2) under the number 002439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of enhanced Child Restraint Systems used onboard of motor vehicles as amended by the 00 series of amendments. In addition the number of the regulation has to be identified on the approval mark followed by the series of amendment according to which the approval has been granted.

Image

The Child Restraint System bearing the above approval mark is a device not capable of being fitted in every vehicle and capable of being used for the 40 cm to 70 cm size range and mass limit of 24 kg; it is approved in France (E2) under the number 002450. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of specific vehicle ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems used on board of motor vehicles as amended by the 00 series of amendments. In addition, the number of the regulation has to be identified on the approval mark followed by the series of amendment according to which the approval has been granted.

Note: The approval number and additional symbol(s) shall be placed close to the circle and either above or below the "E" or to left or right of it. The digits of the approval number shall be on the same side of the "E" and oriented in the same direction. The additional symbol(s) shall be diametrically opposite the approval number. The use of Roman numerals as approval numbers should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with other symbols.


ANNEX 3

ARRANGEMENT OF APPARATUS FOR DUST RESISTANCE TEST

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ANNEX 4

CORROSION TEST

1.   TEST APPARATUS

1.1.

The apparatus shall consist of a mist chamber, a salt solution reservoir, a supply of suitably conditioned compressed air, one or more atomizing nozzles, sample supports, provision for heating the chamber, and necessary means of control. The size and detailed construction of the apparatus shall be optional, provided that the test conditions are met.

1.2.

It is important to ensure that drops of solution accumulated on the ceiling or cover of the chamber do not fall on test samples.

1.3.

Drops of solution which fall from test samples shall not be returned to the reservoir for respraying.

1.4.

The apparatus shall not be constructed of materials that will affect the corrosiveness of the mist.

2.   LOCATION OF TEST SAMPLES IN THE MIST CABINET

2.1.

Samples, except retractors, shall be supported or suspended between 15° and 30° from the vertical and preferably parallel to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the chamber, based upon the dominant surface being tested.

2.2.

Retractors shall be supported or suspended so that the axes of the reel for storing the strap shall be perpendicular to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the chamber. The strap opening in the retractor shall also be facing in this principal direction.

2.3.

Each sample shall be so placed as to permit free settling of mist on all samples.

2.4.

Each sample shall be so placed as to prevent salt solution from one sample dripping on to any other sample.

3.   SALT SOLUTION

3.1.

The salt solution shall be prepared by dissolving 5 ± 1 parts by mass of sodium chloride in 95 parts of distilled water. The salt shall be sodium chloride substantially free of nickel and copper and containing not more than 0,1 per cent of sodium iodide and not more than 0,3 per cent of total impurities in the dry state.

3.2.

The solution shall be such that, when atomized at 35 °C, the collected solution is in the pH range of 6.5 to 7.2.

4.   COMPRESSED AIR

4.1.

The compressed air supply to the nozzle or nozzles for atomizing the salt solution shall be free of oil and dirt, and maintained at a pressure between 70 kN/m2 and 170 kN/m2.

5.   CONDITIONS IN THE MIST CHAMBER

5.1.

The exposure zone of the mist chamber shall be maintained at 35 °C ± 5 °C. At least two clean mist collectors shall be placed within the exposure zone, so that no drops of solution from the test samples or any other sources are collected. The collectors shall be placed near the test samples, one as near as possible to any nozzle and one as far as possible from all nozzles. The mist shall be such that, for each 80 cm2 of horizontal collecting area, from 1,0 to 2,0 ml of solution per hour, when measured over an average of at least 16 hours, is collected in each collector.

5.2.

The nozzle or nozzles shall be directed or baffled, so that the spray does not impinge directly on the test samples.


ANNEX 5

ABRASION AND MICROSLIP TEST

Figure 1

Procedure type 1

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Example A

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Example B

Examples of test arrangements corresponding to the type of adjusting device

Figure 2

Procedure type 2

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Figure 3

Microslip Test

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The load of 50 N on the testing device shall be vertically guided in such a way as to prevent load-swing and twisting of the strap.

The attaching device shall be fixed to the load of 50 N in the same manner as in the vehicle.


ANNEX 6

DESCRIPTION OF TROLLEY

1.   TROLLEY

1.1.

For tests on child restraints, the trolley, carrying the seat only, shall have a mass greater than 380 kg. For tests on Child Restraint Systems in the "Specific vehicle’ ISOFIX" category, the trolley with the attached vehicle structure shall have a mass greater than 800 kg.

2.   CALIBRATION SCREEN

2.1.

A calibration screen shall be attached firmly to the trolley with a movement limit line plainly marked on it to enable compliance with forward movement criteria to be determined from photographic records.

3.   TEST BENCH

3.1.   The test bench shall be constructed as follows:

3.1.1.

A rigid back, fixed, dimensions of which are given in Appendix 1 to this annex;

3.1.2.

Rigid seating, dimensions of which are given in Appendix 1 to this annex. The rear part of the seating is made from a rigid sheet metal,. The front part of the seating is also made of a 20 mm diameter tube;

3.1.3.

For access to the ISOFIX anchorage system, openings shall be made at the rear of the test bench seat cushion, as prescribed in Appendix 1 to this annex;

3.1.4.

The width of the test bench shall be 800 mm;

3.1.5.

The back and the seating shall be covered with polyurethane foam, the characteristics of which are given in Table 1. The dimensions of the cushion are given in Appendix 1 to this annex;

Table 1

 

Standard

Value

Unit

Density

EN ISO 845

68-74

Kg/m3

Compression resistance

EN ISO 3386/1 (40 % compression)

13

kPa

Indentation Load Deflection (ILD)

EN ISO 2439B (40 % compression)

500 (+/15 %)

N

Tensile strenght

EN ISO 1798

≥ 150

kPa

Ultimate elongation

EN ISO 1798

≥ 120

%

Compression set

EN ISO 1856 (22hr/50 %/70 °C)

≤ 3

%

3.1.6.

The polyurethane foam shall be covered with a sun shade cloth, made of poly-acrylate fibre, the characteristics of which are given in Table 2.

Table 2

Specific mass (g/m2) 290

Breaking strength according to DIN 53587 on test specimen 50 mm wide:

Lengthwise (kg): 120

Breadth wise (kg): 80

3.1.7.

Covering the test bench seat cushion and the test bench seat back cushion

3.1.7.1.

The test bench seat cushion is produced out of a square foam block (800 × 575 × 135 mm) in such a way (see Figure 1 of Appendix 1 to this annex) that its shape resembles the shape of the aluminium bottom-plate specified in Figure 2 of Appendix 1 to this annex.

3.1.7.2.

Six holes are drilled in the bottom-plate in order to fasten it to the trolley with bolts. The holes are drilled alongside the longest side of the plate, three on each side, their position being dependent on the construction of the trolley. Six bolts are put through the holes. It is recommended to glue the bolts on the plate with an appropriate adhesive. Afterwards, the bolts are fastened with nuts.

3.1.7.3.

The cover material (1 250 × 1 200 mm, see Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this annex) is cut across the width in such a way that it is not possible for the material to overlap after covering. There should be a gap of about 100 mm between the edges of the cover material. Therefore the material has to be cut at about 1 200 mm.

3.1.7.4.

The cover material is marked with two lines which run across the width. They are drawn 375 mm from the centreline of the cover material (see Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this annex).

3.1.7.5.

The test bench seat cushion is placed upside down on the cover material with the aluminium bottom-plate on top.

3.1.7.6.

On both sides the cover material is stretched until the lines drawn on it match the edges of the aluminium bottom-plate. At each bolt position, small incisions are made and the cover material is pulled over the bolts.

3.1.7.7.

At the position of the grooves in the bottom-plate and in the foam, the cover material should be incised.

3.1.7.8.

The cover is glued to the aluminium plate with flexible glue. The nuts have to be removed before gluing.

3.1.7.9.

The flaps on the side are folded onto the plate and are glued as well.

3.1.7.10.

The flaps in the grooves are folded inside and taped with a strong tape.

3.1.7.11.

The flexible glue has to dry for at least 12 hours.

3.1.7.12.

The test bench seat-back cushion is covered in exactly the same way as the test bench seat cushion, only the lines on the cover material

(1 250 × 850 mm) are drawn 333 mm apart from the centreline of the material.

3.1.8.

Line Cr is coincident with the intersection line between the top plane of the test bench seat cushion and the front plane of the test bench seat-back cushion.

3.2.   Test of rearward-facing devices

3.2.1.

A special frame shall be fitted on the trolley in order to support the child restraint system as shown in Figure 1.

3.2.2.

A steel tube shall be attached firmly to the trolley in such a way that a load of 5 000 ± 50 N applied horizontally to the centre of the tube does not cause a movement greater than 2 mm.

3.2.3.

The dimensions of the tube shall be: 500 × 100 × 90 mm.

Figure 1

Arrangements for testing a rearward –facing device

Image

Dimension in mm

3.3.   Trolley floor pan

3.3.1.

The floor pan of the trolley shall be constructed of a flat sheet of metal of uniform thickness and material, see Figure 2 of Appendix 3 to this annex.

3.3.1.1.

The floor pan shall be rigidly mounted on the trolley. The height of the floor pan relative to the Cr axis projection point, dimension (1) in Appendix 2 to this annex, Figure 2, shall be adjusted to meet the requirements of paragraph 7.1.3.6.3. of this Regulation.

3.3.1.2.

The floor pan shall be designed so that the surface hardness should not be below 120 HB, according to EN ISO 6506-1:1999.

3.3.1.3.

The floor pan shall withstand an applied vertical concentrated load of 5 kN without causing a vertical movement greater than 2 mm referring to Cr axis and without any permanent deformation occurring.

3.3.1.4.

The floor pan shall have a surface roughness not exceeding Ra 6,3 according to ISO 4287:1997.

3.3.1.5.

The floor pan shall be designed so that no permanent deformation is occurring after a dynamic test of a Child Restraint System, according to this Regulation.

4.   STOPPING DEVICE

4.1.

The device consists of two identical absorbers mounted in parallel.

4.2.

If necessary, an additional absorber shall be used for each 200 kg increase in nominal mass. Each absorber shall comprise:

4.2.1.

An outer casing formed from a steel tube;

4.2.2.

A polyurethane energy-absorber tube;

4.2.3.

A polished-steel olive-shaped knob penetrating into the absorber; and

4.2.4.

A shaft and an impact plate.

4.3.

The dimensions of the various parts of this absorber are shown in the diagram reproduced in Appendix 2 to this annex.

4.4.

The characteristics of the absorbing material are given in Table 3 and Table 4 of this annex.

4.5.

The stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12 hours at a temperature between 15 °C and 25 °C before being used for the calibration tests described in Annex 7 to this Regulation. The stopping device shall, for each type of test, meet the performance requirements laid down in Annex 7, Appendices 1 and 2. For dynamic tests of a child restraint, the stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12 hours at the same temperature, to within ±2 °C, as that of the calibration test. Any other device giving equivalent results can be accepted.

Table 3

Characteristics of the absorbing material "A"  (2)

(ASTM Method 2000 (1980) unless otherwise stated)

Shore hardness A:

88 ± 2 at 20 °C ± 5 °C temperature

Breaking strength:

Ro ≥ 300 kg/cm2

Minimum elongation:

Ao ≥ 400 per cent

Module at 100 per cent elongation:

≥ 70 kg/cm2

Module at 300 per cent elongation:

≥ 130 kg/cm2

Low temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736):

5 hours at – 55 °C

Compression set (Method B):

22 hours at 70 °C ≤ 45 per cent

Density at 25 °C:

1,08 to 1,12

Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573 (1981)):

 

70 hours at 100 °C:

Shore hardness: max. variation ± 3

Breaking strength: decrease < 10 per cent of Ro

Elongation: decrease < 10 per cent of Ao

Weight: decrease < 1 per cent

Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) Oil No. 1):

 

70 hours at 100 °C:

Shore hardness: max. variation ± 4

Breaking strength: decrease < 15 per cent of Ro

Elongation: decrease < 10 per cent of Ao

Volume: swelling < 5 per cent

Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) Oil No. 3):

 

70 hours at 100 °C:

Breaking strength: decrease < 15 per cent of Ro

Elongation: decrease < 15 per cent of Ao

Volume: swelling < 20 per cent

Immersion in distilled water:

 

1 week at 70 °C:

Breaking strength: decrease < 35 per cent of Ro

 

Elongation: increase < 20 per cent of Ao


Table 4

Characteristics of the Absorbing Material "B"

ASTM Method 2000 (1980) unless otherwise stated

Shore hardness A:

88 ± 2 at 20 °C ± 5 °C temperature

Breaking strength:

Ro ≥ 300 kg/cm2

Minimum elongation:

Ao ≥ 400 per cent

Module at 100 per cent elongation:

≥ 70 kg/cm2

Module at 300 per cent elongation:

≥ 130 kg/cm2

Low temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736):

5 hours at – 55 °C

Compression set (Method B):

22 hours at 70 °C ≤ 45 per cent

Density at 25 °C:

1,08 to 1,12

Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573 (1981)):

 

70 hours at 100 °C:

Shore hardness: max. variation ± 4

Breaking strength: decrease < 15 per cent of Ro

Elongation: decrease < 10 per cent of Ao

Volume: swelling < 5 per cent

Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) Oil No. 3):

 

70 hours at 100 °C:

Breaking strength: decrease < 15 per cent of Ro

Elongation: decrease < 15 per cent of Ao

Volume: swelling < 20 per cent

Immersion in distilled water:

 

1 week at 70 °C

Breaking strength: decrease < 35 per cent of Ro

 

Elongation: increase < 20 per cent of Ao


(1)  The dimension shall be of 210 mm with an adjustment range of ± 70 mm.

(2)  The address to obtain the relevant ASTM standards is: ASTM, 1916 Race Street, Philadelphia, USA PA 19103.

Appendix 1

Figure 1

Dimensions of the seat and the seat cushions

Image

Image

Dimensions in mm

Figure 2

Dimensions of the aluminium bottom-plate

Image

Figure 3

Dimensions of the cover material (dimensions in mm)

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement and use of anchorages on the test trolley

1.

The anchorages shall be positioned as shown in the figure below.

2.

Child Restraint Systems in the i-Size ‘universal’, ‘specific’ and ‘restricted’ categories shall use the following anchorage points: H1 and H2

3.

For testing of Child restraint systems with top tether, the anchorage G1 or G2 shall be used.

4.

In the case of Child restraint systems utilising a support-leg, the Technical Service shall select the anchorages to be used according to paragraph 3. above and with the support-leg adjusted as specified in paragraph 7.1.3.6.3. of this Regulation.

5.

The structure carrying the anchorages shall be rigid. The upper anchorages shall not be displaced by more than 0,2 mm in the longitudinal direction when a load of 980 N is applied to them in that direction. The trolley shall be so constructed that no permanent deformation shall occur in the parts bearing the anchorages during the test.

Figure 1

Top View – Bench with anchorages (Tolerance general: ± 2)

Image

Figure 2

Side View – Bench with anchorages (Tolerance general: ± 2)

Image

Appendix 3

Definition of side impact door

1.   DOOR PANEL DEFINITION

The dimension and initial position of the impact door relative to the bench are described in the following figures.

The stiffness and strength of the door panel shall be sufficient to avoid excessive oscillation or significant deformation during lateral dynamic test.

Figure 1

Door panel geometry and position at T0 – Top view

Image

Figure 2

Door panel geometry – Side view

Image

Figure 3

Door panel approximate maximum intrusion – Side view (For information)

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2.   PANEL PADDING SPECIFICATION

2.1.   General

The door panel is padded with 55 mm padding material (Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 1), which has to comply with the performance criteria as described in Appendix 3 to this Regulation, paragraph 2.3. realised in a test set up as described in Appendix 3 to this Regulation, paragraph 2.2.

2.2.   Test procedure for the assessment of panel padding material

The test set up consists of a simple drop test using a spherical head form. The spherical head form has a diameter of 150 mm and a mass of 6 kg (± 0,1 kg). The impact speed is 4 m/s (± 0,1 m/s). The instrumentation should allow the assessment of the time of first contact between the impactor and the sample as well as the head form acceleration at least in direction of impact (Z-direction).

The material sample should have the dimensions of 400 × 400 mm. The sample should be impacted in its centre.

2.3.   Performance criteria for the padding material

The time of first contact between sample material and head form (t0) is 0 ms.

The impactor acceleration shall not exceed 58 g.

Figure 4

Corridor for the padding material

Image

Key

1 -

Upper limit of 58 g

2 -

Lower limit for the maximum peak at 53 g (11 to 12 ms)

3 -

Upper limit for the decline of acceleration (15 g at 20,5 ms to 10 g at 21,5 ms)

4 -

Lower limit for the decline of acceleration (10 g at 20 ms to 7 g at 21 ms)


ANNEX 7

CURVE OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION, AS FUNCTION OF TIME

In all cases the calibration and measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the International Standard ISO 6487; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification of a data channel with a channel frequency class (CFC) 60.

Appendix 1

Frontal impact

Curve of trolley's deceleration or acceleration, as function of time

Frontal impact – Test pulse 1

Definition of the different curves

Time (ms)

Acceleration (g)

Low corridor

Acceleration (g)

High corridor

0

10

20

0

50

20

28

65

20

+80

28

100

0

120

0

Regulation No. 44 Frontal impact

Image

The additional segment applies only for the acceleration sled.

Appendix 2

Rear impact

Curves of trolley's deceleration or acceleration, as function of time

Rear impact – Test pulse 2

Definition of the different curves

Time (ms)

Acceleration (g)

Low corridor

Acceleration (g)

High corridor

0

21

10

0

 

10

7

20

14

37

14

52

7

52

0

 

70

21

70

0

Regulation No. 44 Rear impact

Image

The additional segment applies only for the acceleration sled.

Appendix 3

Lateral impact

Curve of relative velocity between trolley and door panel as function of time

Lateral impact – Test velocity corridor 3

Image

Lower corridor of relative velocity

Image

Upper corridor of relative velocity

Image

Lower corridor of door ground velocity (door moving test at t0 only)

Image

Upper corridor of door ground velocity (door moving test at t0 only)

Image

Definition of the different curves

Time (ms)

Relative door/bench velocity (m/s)

Lower corridor

Relative door/bench velocity (m/s)

Upper corridor

0

6,375

7,25

15

5,5

18

6,2

60

0

70

0

Remark: The corridor shall be defined on experiences of respective test labs.

Appendix 4

1.   DOOR PANEL DEFINITION

The door panel geometry shall be in line with the bench definition.

Drawing to describe the door will be proposed in line with the NPACS bench.

2.   PANEL PADDING SPECIFICATION

2.1.   General

The impacting surface of the door panel shall be entirely covered with a padding material 55 mm in thickness. The material shall comply with the performance criteria specified in paragraph 2.3. of this appendix when tested in accordance with paragraph 2.2. of this appendix.

A material combination that has been found to meet these requirements is detailed in paragraph 2.4. of this appendix.

2.2.   Test procedure for the assessment of panel padding material

The test set up consists of a simple drop test using a spherical head form. The spherical head form has a diameter of 150 mm and a mass of 6 kg (± 0,1 kg). The impact speed is 4 m/s (± 0,1 m/s). The instrumentation should allow the assessment of the time of first contact between the impactor and the sample as well as the head form acceleration at least in direction of impact (Z-direction).

The material sample should have the dimensions of 400 × 400 mm. The sample should be impacted in its centre.

2.3.   Performance criteria for the padding material

The time of first contact between sample material and head form (t0) is 0 ms.

The impactor acceleration shall not exceed 58 g.

Figure 1

Corridor for the padding material

Image

2.4.   Example of material meeting the test requirements:

Rubber cell foam Polychloropren CR4271 measuring 35 mm in thickness attached to the door panel structure to which shall then be attached a subsequent layer of Styrodur C2500 20 mm in thickness. The Styrodur needs to be replaced after each test.


ANNEX 8

DESCRIPTION OF DUMMIES

1.   GENERAL

1.1.

The dummies prescribed in this Regulation are described in this annex, in technical drawings held by Humanetics Innovative Solutions Inc. and in the user manuals delivered with the dummies.

1.2.

Alternative dummies may be used provided that:

1.2.1.

Their equivalence can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority, and

1.2.2.

Their use is recorded in the test report, and in the communication form described in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

2.   DESCRIPTION OF THE DUMMIES

2.1.

The dimensions and masses of the Q0, Q1, Q1,5, Q3, Q6 and Q10 dummies described below are based on the anthropometry of 50th per centile children aged 0, 1, 1,5, 3, 6 and 10,5 years respectively.

2.2.

The dummies consist of a metal and plastic skeleton covered with plastic skinned foam parts to complete body components.

3.   CONSTRUCTION

3.1.   Head

The head is largely made from synthetics. The head cavity is large enough to allow use of several instruments, including linear accelerometers and angular velocity sensors.

3.2.   Neck

The neck is flexible and allows shear and bending in all directions. The segmented design allows a realistic rotational behaviour. The neck is equipped with low stretch neck-cord in order to prevent excessive elongation. The neck-cord is also designed to act as a safety cord in case of rubber failure. A six channel load cell can be mounted at the neck-head and neck-torso interface. The Q0, Q1 and Q1,5 cannot accommodate the load cell between neck and torso.

3.3.   Thorax

The thorax of the child is represented by a single rib-cage. The deformation can be measured with a string potentiometer in Q1 andQ1.5 and an IR-TRACC sensors in Q3, Q6 and Q10. The shoulders are connected with a flexible joint to the thorax, allowing deformation forwards.

3.4.   Accelerometers can be mounted on the spine to measure linear accelerations. The Q0 thorax has a simplified layout with an integral foam part for the complete torso.

3.5.   Abdomen

The abdomen is foam covered with skin. Biomechanical data from children has been used to determine the required stiffness. The Q0 abdomen has a simplified layout with an integral foam part for the complete torso.

3.6.   Lumbar spine

The lumbar spine is a flexible rubber column, which allows shear and bending in all directions. A six channel load cell can be mounted between the lumbar spine and the pelvis, except for the Q0.

3.7.   Pelvis

The pelvis is constructed from an iliac-sacrum bone part covered with a plastic flesh outer contour simulation. In the bone part removable hip joints are inserted. An accelerometer array can be mounted in the pelvis. Special hip joints are available that allow to position the dummy in a standing position. The Q0 pelvis has a simplified layout with an integral foam part for the complete torso.

3.8.   Legs

The legs are constructed with metal reinforced plastic bones cover with PVC skinned foam parts that represent the upper and lower flesh. The knee joints can be locked in any position. This feature can be used to facilitate positioning the dummy in a standing position. (Note that the dummy does not have the ability to stand without external support.) The Q0 legs have a simplified layout with one integral part per leg with a fixed angle at the knee.

3.9.   Arms

The arms are constructed with plastic bones cover with PVC skinned foam parts that represent the upper and lower flesh. The elbow joints can be locked in any position. The Q0 arms have a simplified layout with one integral part per arm with a fixed angle at the elbow.

4.   MAIN CHARACTERISTICS

4.1.   Mass

Table 1

Q-dummy mass distributions

 

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Q10 Design targets

Mass in [kg]

Head + Neck (incl. acc. mount)

1,10 ± 0,10

2,41 ± 0,10

2,80 ± 0,10

3,17 ± 0,10

3,94 ± 0,10

4,19

Torso (incl. acc. mount and chest deflection sensor)

1,50 ± 0,15

4,21 ± 0,25

4,74 ± 0,25

6,00 ± 0,30

9,07 ± 0,40

14,85 (incl, suit)

Legs (together)

0,58 ± 0,06

1,82 ± 0,20

2,06 ± 0,20

3,54 ± 0,10

6,90 ± 0,10

12,50

Arms (together)

0,28 ± 0,03

0,89 ± 0,20

1,20 ± 0,20

1,48 ± 0,10

2,49 ± 0,10

4,00

Suit

0,27 ± 0,05

0,27 ± 0,05

0,30 ± 0,05

0,40 ± 0,10

0,55 ± 0,10

(see torso)

Total

3,73 ± 0,39

9,6 ± 0,80

11,10 ± 0,80

14,59 ± 0,70

22,95 ± 0,80

35,54

4.2.   Principal dimensions

Figure 2

Main dimensions of dummy

Image

Table 2

Q-dummy dimensions

No.

 

Q0

Q1

Q1,5

Q3

Q6

Q10 (design targets)

 

 

Dimensions in mm

17

Seating height (head tilted forward)

355 ± 9

479 ± 9

499 ± 9

544 ± 9

601 ± 9

< 748 ± 9

18

Shoulder height (sitting)

225 ± 7

298 ± 7

309 ± 7

329 ± 7

362 ± 7

473 ± 7

 

Stature (head tilted forward)

740 ± 9

800 ± 9

985 ± 9

1 143 ± 9

< 1 443 ± 9

5

Chest depth

114 ± 5

113 ± 5

146 ± 5

141 ± 5

171 ± 5

15

Shoulder width

230 ± 7

227 ± 7

227 ± 7

259 ± 7

305 ± 7

338 ± 7

12

Hip width

191 ± 7

194 ± 7

200 ± 7

223 ± 7

270 ± 7

1

Back of buttocks to front of knees

130 ± 5

211 ± 5

235 ± 5

305 ± 5

366 ± 5

488 ± 5

2

Back of buttocks to popliteus

161 ± 5

185 ± 5

253 ± 5

299 ± 5

418 ± 5

21

Thigh height, sitting

 

69

72

79

92

114

 

Height of spacer device for positioning of dummy (1)

 

229 ± 2

237 ± 2

250 ± 2

270 ± 2

359 ± 2

Notes:

1.   Adjustments of joints

Joints should be adjusted according to procedures included in the Q-dummy manuals (2)

2.   Instrumentation

Instrumentation in the Q family of dummies shall be installed and calibrated according to procedures contained in the Q-dummy manuals (2)


(1)  See section 7.1.3.5.2.1: Height of spacer device (hinged board or similar flexible device) equals shoulder height sitting minus thigh height sitting.

(2)  The technical specifications and detailed drawings of Q-dummy, and the technical specifications for their adjustment for the tests of this Regulation are deposited in a transitory way on the website of the informal working group on Child Restraint Systems (https://www2.unece.org/wiki/display/trans/Q-dummy+drawings) of the UNECE, Palais de Nations, Geneva, Switzerland. At the time of the adoption of this Regulation by the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), the text restricting the use of the drawings and technical specifications will be removed from the individual pages and they will be reloaded on the above-mentioned website. After a time period needed by the Informal Working Group to finalize the examination of the technical specifications and drawings of dummies to cover the phase 2 of the Regulation, the final and agreed drawings will be relocated in the Mutual Resolution of the 1958 and 1998 Agreements, hosted in the website of the World Forum WP.29.


ANNEX 9

FRONTAL IMPACT TEST AGAINST A BARRIER

1.1.   Testing ground

The test area shall be large enough to accommodate the run-up track, barrier and technical installations necessary for the test. The last part of the track, for at least 5 m before the barrier, shall be horizontal, flat and smooth.

1.2.   Barrier

The barrier consists of a block of reinforced concrete not less than 3 m wide at the front and not less than 1,5 m high. The barrier shall be of such thickness that it weighs at least 70 tonnes. The front face shall be vertical, perpendicular to the axis of the run-up track, and covered with plywood boards 20 ± 1 mm thick in good condition. The barrier shall be either anchored in the ground or placed on the ground with, if necessary, additional arresting devices to limit its displacement. A barrier with different characteristics, but giving results at least equally conclusive, may likewise be used.

1.3.   Propulsion of the vehicle

At the moment of impact, the vehicle shall no longer be subjected to the action of any additional steering or propelling device or devices. It shall reach the obstacle on a course perpendicular to the collision wall; the maximum lateral disalignment permitted between the vertical median line of the front of the vehicle and the vertical median line of the collision wall is ± 30 cm.

1.4.   State of the vehicle

1.4.1.

The vehicle under test shall either be fitted with all the normal components and equipment included in its unladen service weight or be in such a condition as to fulfil this requirement in so far as the components and equipment of concern to the passenger compartment and the distribution of the service weight of the vehicle as a whole are concerned.

1.4.2.

If the vehicle is driven by external means, the fuel installation shall be filled to at least 90 per cent of its capacity, either with fuel or with a non-inflammable liquid, having a density and a viscosity close to those of the fuel normally used. All other systems (brake-fluid containers, radiator, etc.) shall be empty.

1.4.3.

If the vehicle is driven by its own engine, the fuel tank shall be at least 90 per cent full. All other liquid-holding tanks shall be filled to capacity.

1.4.4.

If the manufacturer so requests, the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests may allow the same vehicle as is used for tests prescribed by other Regulations (including tests capable of affecting its structure) to be used also for the tests prescribed by this Regulation.

1.5.   Impact velocity

The impact velocity shall be 50 + 0/-2 km/h. However, if the test has been carried out at a higher impact velocity and the vehicle has satisfied the conditions prescribed, the test is considered satisfactory.

1.6.   Measuring instruments

The instrument used to record the speed referred to in paragraph 1.5. above shall be accurate within 1 per cent.


ANNEX 10

REAR IMPACT TEST PROCEDURE

1.   INSTALLATIONS, PROCEDURES AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

1.1.   Testing ground

The test area shall be large enough to accommodate the propulsion system of the impactor and to permit after-impact displacement of the vehicle impacted and installation of the test equipment. The part in which vehicle impact and displacement occur shall be horizontal. (The slope shall be less than 3 per cent measured over any length of one metre.)

1.2.   Impactor

1.2.1.

The impactor shall be of steel and of rigid construction.

1.2.2.

The impacting surface shall be flat and at least 2 500 mm wide and 800 mm high. Its edges shall be rounded to a radius of curvature of between 40 and 50 mm. It shall be clad with a layer of plywood 20 ± 1 mm thick.

1.2.3.

At the moment of impact the following requirements shall be met:

1.2.3.1.

The impacting surface shall be vertical and perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the impacted vehicle;

1.2.3.2.

The direction of movement of the impactor shall be substantially horizontal and parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the impacted vehicle;

1.2.3.3.

The maximum lateral deviation permitted between the median vertical line of the surface of the impactor and the median longitudinal plane of the impacted vehicle shall be 300 mm. In addition, the impacting surface shall extend over the entire width of the impacted vehicle;

1.2.3.4.

The ground clearance of the lower edge of the impacting surface shall be 175 ± 25 mm.

1.3.   Propulsion of the impactor

The impactor may either be secured to a carriage (moving barrier) or form part of a pendulum.

1.4.   Special provisions applicable where a moving barrier is used

1.4.1.

If the impactor is secured to a carriage (moving barrier) by a restraining element, the latter shall be rigid and be incapable of being deformed by the impact; the carriage shall, at the moment of impact, be capable of moving freely and no longer be subject to the action of the propelling device.

1.4.2.

The combined mass of carriage and impactor shall be 1 100 ± 20 kg.

1.5.   Special provisions applicable where a pendulum is used

1.5.1.

The distance between the centre of the impacting surface and the axis of rotation of the pendulum shall be not less than 5 m.

1.5.2.

The impactor shall be freely suspended by rigid arms, rigidly secured to it. The pendulum so constituted shall be substantially incapable of being deformed by the impact.

1.5.3.

A stopping device shall be incorporated in the pendulum to prevent any secondary impact by the impactor on the test vehicle.

1.5.4.

At the moment of impact, the velocity of the centre of percussion of the pendulum shall be between 30 and 32 km/h.

1.5.5.

The reduced mass "mr" at the centre of percussion of the pendulum is defined as a function of the total mass "m", of the distance "a" (1) between the centre of percussion and the axis of rotation, and of the distance "l" between the centre of gravity and the axis of rotation, by the following equation:

Formula

1.5.6.

The reduced mass "mr" shall be 1 100 ± 20 kg.

1.6.   General provisions relating to the mass and velocity of the impactor

If the test has been conducted at an impact velocity higher than those prescribed in paragraph 1.5.4. above and/or with a mass greater than those prescribed in paragraphs 1.5.3. or 1.5.6. above, and the vehicle has met the requirements prescribed, the test shall be considered satisfactory.

1.7.   State of the vehicle during the test

The vehicle being tested shall either be fitted with all the normal components and equipment included in its unladen service weight or be in such condition as to fulfil this requirement in so far as the distribution of the service weight of the vehicle as a whole is concerned.

1.8.   The complete vehicle with the Child Restraint System installed in accordance with the fitting instructions shall be placed on a hard, flat and level surface, with the handbrake off and in neutral gear. More than one Child restraint system may be tested in the same impact test.


(1)  The distance "a" is equal to the length of the synchronous pendulum under consideration.


ANNEX 11

TYPE APPROVAL SCHEME (FLOW CHART ISO 9002:2000)

Image

ANNEX 12

CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

1.   TESTS

Child Restraint Systems shall be required to demonstrate compliance with the requirements on which the following tests are based:

1.1.   Verification of the locking threshold and durability of emergency locking retractors

According to the provisions of paragraph 7.2.4.3. of this Regulation in the most unfavourable direction as appropriate after having undergone the durability testing detailed in paragraphs 7.2.4.2., 7.2.4.4. and 7.2.4.5. of this Regulation as a requirement of paragraph 6.7.3.2.6. of this Regulation.

1.2.   Verification of the durability of automatically locking retractors

According to the provisions of paragraph 7.2.4.2. of this Regulation supplemented by the tests in paragraphs 7.2.4.4. and 7.2.4.5. of this Regulation as a requirement of paragraph 6.7.3.1.3. of this Regulation.

1.3.   Test for strength of straps after conditioning

According to the procedure described in paragraph 6.7.4.2. of this Regulation after conditioning according to the requirements of paragraphs 7.2.5.2.1. to 7.2.5.2.5. of this Regulation.

1.3.1.   Test for strength of straps after abrasion

According to the procedure described in paragraph 6.7.4.2. of this Regulation after conditioning according to the requirements described in paragraph 7.2.5.2.6. of this Regulation.

1.4.   Microslip test

According to the procedure described in paragraph 7.2.3. of this Regulation.

1.5.   Energy absorption

According to the provisions of paragraph 6.6.2. of this Regulation.

1.6.   Verification of the performance requirements of the Child Restraint System when subjected to the appropriate dynamic test:

According to the provisions set out in paragraph 7.1.3. of this Regulation with any buckle having been pre-conditioned according to the requirements of paragraph 6.7.1.6. of this Regulation such that the appropriate requirements of paragraph 6.6.4. of this Regulation (for the overall performance of the Child Restraint System) and paragraph 6.7.1.7.1. of this Regulation (for the performance of any buckle under load) are complied with.

1.7.   Temperature test

According to the provisions of paragraph 6.6.5. of this Regulation.

2.   TEST FREQUENCY AND RESULTS

2.1.   The frequency of testing to the requirements of paragraphs 1.1. to 1.5. and 1.7. above shall be on a statistically controlled and random basis in accordance with one of the regular quality assurance procedure, and shall be conducted at least once per year.

2.2.   Minimum conditions for the control of conformity of Child Restraint Systems of categories "Universal", "Semi Universal" and "Restricted", in relation to the dynamic tests according to paragraph 1.6. above.

In accordance with the relevant authorities, the holder of an approval will supervise the control of conformity following the method of batch control (para. 2.2.1. below) or following the method of continuous control (para. 2.2.2. below).

2.2.1.   Batch control for the Child Restraint Systems

2.2.1.1.

The holder of an approval shall divide the Child Restraint Systems into batches which are as uniform as possible in regard to raw material or intermediate products involved in their manufacture (different colour of shell, different manufacture of harness) and in regard to production conditions. The numbers in a batch shall not exceed 5 000 units.

In agreement with the relevant authorities the tests can be carried out by the Technical Service or under the responsibility of the holder of an approval.

2.2.1.2.

A sample shall be taken in each batch in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2.2.1.4. below from a minimum of 20 per cent of the batch quantity, which has to be produced of the actual batch.

2.2.1.3.

The characteristics of the Child Restraint Systems and the number of dynamic tests to be conducted are given in paragraph 2.2.1.4. below

2.2.1.4.

In order to be accepted, a batch of Child Restraint Systems shall satisfy the following conditions.

Number in the batch

Number of samples/ Child Restraint Systems characteristics

Combined number of samples

Acceptance criteria

Rejection criteria

Degree of control rigour

N < 500

1st = 1MH

1

0

Normal

2nd = 1MH

2

1

2

500 < N < 5 000

1st = 1MH+1LH

2

0

2

Normal

2nd = 1MH+1LH

4

1

2

N < 500

1st = 2MH

2

0

2

Strengthened

2nd = 2MH

4

1

2

500 < N < 5 000

1st = 2MH+2LH

4

0

2

Strengthened

2nd = 2MH+2LH

8

1

2

Notes:

MH means harder configuration (the least good results obtained in approval or extension of approval)

LH signifies a less hard configuration.

This dual sampling plan functions as follows:

 

For a normal control, if the first sample does not contain any defective units the batch is accepted without testing a second sample. If it contains two defective units the batch is rejected. Finally, if it contains one defective unit a second sample is extracted and it is the cumulative number, which shall satisfy the condition of column 5 of the table above.

 

There is a change from normal control to strengthened control if, out of 5 consecutive batches, two are rejected. Normal control is resumed if 5 consecutive batches are accepted.

 

If any batch is rejected, the production is considered to be non-conforming and the batch shall not be released.

 

If two consecutive batches subjected to the strengthened control are rejected, the provisions of paragraph 13. of this Regulation are applied.

2.2.1.5.

The control of Child Restraint Systems conformity is undertaken starting with the batch manufactured after the first batch which was subjected to production qualification.

2.2.1.6.

The test results described in paragraph 2.2.1.4. above shall not exceed L, where L is the limit value prescribed for each approval test.

2.2.2.   Continuous control

2.2.2.1.

The holder of an approval shall be obliged to carry out continuous quality control of his manufacturing process on a statistical basis and by sampling. In agreement with the relevant authorities, the tests can be carried out by the Technical Service or under the responsibility of the holder of an approval which is responsible for the traceability of the product.

2.2.2.2.

The samples shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2.2.2.4. below.

2.2.2.3.

The characteristic of the Child Restraint Systems is taken at random and the tests to be carried out are described in paragraph 2.2.2.4. below.

2.2.2.4.

Control shall meet the following requirements:

Child Restraint Systems taken

Degree of control rigour

0,02 per cent means one Child Restraint System taken from every 5 000 manufactured

Normal

0,05 per cent means one Child Restraint System taken from every 2 000 manufactured

Strengthened

This dual sampling plan functions as follows:

 

If the Child Restraint System is considered to conform, the production conforms.

 

If the Child Restraint System does not meet the requirements, a second Child Restraint System shall be taken.

 

If the second Child Restraint System meets the requirements, the production conforms.

 

If both (the first and the second) Child Restraint Systems do not meet the requirements, the production does not conform and Child Restraint Systems that are likely to present the same failure shall be withdrawn and necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the production.

 

Strengthened control will replace normal control if, out of 10 000 Child Restraint Systems manufactured consecutively, the production has to be withdrawn twice.

 

Normal control is resumed if 10 000 Child Restraint Systems manufactured consecutively are considered to conform.

 

If production subjected to the strengthened control has been withdrawn on two consecutive occasions, the provisions of paragraph 13. of this Regulation are applied.

2.2.2.5.

The continuous control of Child Restraint Systems is undertaken starting after the production qualification.

2.2.2.6.

The test results described in paragraph 2.2.2.4. above shall not exceed L, where L is the limit value prescribed for each approval test.

2.3.   For "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" devices according to paragraph 2.1.2.4.1. above, the Child Restraint System manufacturer may choose Conformity of Production procedures according to either paragraph 2.2. above, on a test bench, or paragraphs 2.3.1. and 2.3.2. below, in a vehicle body shell.

2.3.1.   For "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" devices, the following test frequencies shall apply once every eight weeks:

 

At each test all requirements according to paragraphs 6.6.4. and 6.7.1.7.1. of this Regulation shall be fulfilled. If all tests during one year show satisfactory results, the manufacturer may, after agreement with the Type Approval Authority, reduce the frequencies as follows: once every 16 weeks.

 

However, a minimum frequency of one test per year shall be permitted where annual production is 1 000 Child Restraint Systems or less.

2.3.2.   Where a test sample fails a particular test to which it has been subjected, a further test to the same requirement shall be carried out on at least three other samples. In the case of dynamic tests if one of the latter fails, the production is considered to be non-conforming and the frequency shall be raised to the higher one if the lower one was used according to paragraph 2.3. above and necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the production.

2.4.   When production is found to be non-conforming according to paragraphs 2.2.1.4., 2.2.2.4. or 2.3.2. above, the holder of the approval or his duly accredited representative shall:

2.4.1.

Notify the Type Approval Authority which has granted type approval indicating what steps have been taken to re-establish the conformity of production.

2.5.   The manufacturer shall advise the Type Approval Authority on a quarterly basis, the volume of products produced against each approval number, providing a means of identifying which products correspond to that approval number.


ANNEX 13

TEST OF ENERGY ABSORBING MATERIAL

1.   HEADFORM

1.1.

The headform shall consist of a solid wooden hemisphere with an added smaller spherical segment as shown in Figure A below. It shall be constructed so that it can be dropped freely along the axis marked and it shall have provision for mounting an accelerometer in order to measure the acceleration along the direction of fall.

1.2.

The headform shall have a total mass, including the accelerometer of 2,75 ± 0,05 kg.

Figure A

Headform

Image

2.   INSTRUMENTATION

The acceleration shall be recorded during the test, using equipment in accordance with channel frequency class 1 000 as specified in the latest version of ISO 6487.

3.   PROCEDURE

3.1.

The child restraint shall be placed in the region of impact on a rigid flat surface, whose minimum dimensions are 500 × 500 mm, so that the direction of impact is perpendicular to the inner surface of the Child Restraint System in the area of impact.

3.2.

Raise the headform to a height of 100 – 0/+ 5 mm from the respective upper surfaces of the assembled Child Restraint System to the lowest point on the headform, and allow it to fall. Record the acceleration experienced by the headform during impact.


ANNEX 14

METHOD OF DEFINING HEAD IMPACT AREA OF DEVICES WITH BACKRESTS AND FOR REARWARD-FACING DEVICES DEFINING THE MINIMUM SIZE OF SIDE WINGS

1.

Place the device on the test seat described in Annex 6. Reclinable devices shall be set in the most upright position. Place the smallest manikin in the device in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Mark a point "A" on the backrest on the same horizontal level as the shoulder of the smallest manikin at a point 2 cm inside the outer edge of the arm. All internal surfaces above the horizontal plane passing through point A, shall be tested in accordance with Annex 17. This area shall include the backrest and side wings, including the inner edges (zone of radius) of the side wings. In the case of carrycot devices where a symmetrical installation of the dummy is not possible according to the device and manufacturer instructions, the area complying with Annex 17 shall be all internal surfaces above a point "A", as previously defined, in the head direction, when measured with this dummy in the carrycot in its worst position consistent with the manufacturer instructions and the carrycot positioned on the test bench.

If a symmetrical installation of the dummy in the carrycot may be possible, the whole inner area shall comply with Annex 13.

2.

For rearward-facing devices there shall be side wings with a depth of minimum 90 mm measured from the median of the surface of the backrest. These side wings shall start at the horizontal plane passing through point "A" and continue to the top of the Child Restraint System seat-back. Starting from a point 90 mm below the top of the Child Restraint System seat-back, the depth of the side wing may be gradually reduced.


ANNEX 15

DESCRIPTION OF CONDITIONING OF ADJUSTERS MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS

Figure 1

Image

1.   METHOD

1.1.

With the webbing set at the reference position described in paragraph 7.2.6., withdraw at least 50 mm of webbing from the integral harness by pulling on the free end of the webbing.

1.2.

Attach the adjusted part of the integral harness to the pulling device A.

1.3.

Activate the adjuster and pull at least 150 mm of webbing into the integral harness. This represents half of one cycle and puts pulling device A to the maximum webbing extraction position.

1.4.

Connect free end of webbing to pulling device B.

2.   THE CYCLE IS:

2.1.

Pull B at least 150 mm whilst A exerts no tension on the integral harness.

2.2.

Activate the adjusters and pull A whilst B exerts no tension on the free end of the webbing.

2.3.

At the end of stroke, de-activate the adjuster.

2.4.

Repeat cycle as specified in paragraph 6.7.2.7. of this Regulation.


ANNEX 16

TYPICAL BUCKLE STRENGTH TEST DEVICE

Image


ANNEX 17

DETERMINATION OF PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

1.   HEAD PERFORMANCE CRITERION (HPC)

1.1.

This criterion is considered to be satisfied when, during the test, there is no contact between the head and any vehicle component.

1.2.

If that is not the case, a calculation of the value of HPC is made, on the basis of the acceleration (a) (1), by the following expression:

Formula

In which:

1.2.1.

The term "a" is the resultant acceleration is measured in units of gravity, g (1 g = 9,81 m/s2);

1.2.2.

If the beginning of the head contact can be determined satisfactorily, t1 and t2 are the two time instants, expressed in seconds, defining an interval between the beginning of the head contact and the end of the recording for which the value of HPC is maximum;

1.2.3.

If the beginning of the head contact cannot be determined, t1 and t2 are the two time instants, expressed in seconds, defining a time interval between the beginning and the end of the recording for which the value of HPC is maximum;

1.2.4.

Values of HPC for which the time interval (t1 - t2) is greater than 36 ms are ignored for the purposes of calculating the maximum value.

1.3.

The value of the resultant head acceleration during forward impact which is exceeded for 3 ms cumulatively is calculated from the resultant head acceleration.


(1)  The acceleration (a) referring to the centre of gravity is calculated from the triaxial components of the acceleration measured with a CFC of 1 000.


ANNEX 18

GEOMETRICAL DIMENSIONS OF I-SIZE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS

Figure 1

Image

Stature cm

Sitting height cm

Shoulder breadth cm

Hip breadth cm

Shoulder height cm

A

B

C

D

E

 

95 %ile

95 %ile

95 %ile

5 %ile

95 %ile

40

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

45

39,0

12,1

14,2

27,4

29,0

50

40,5

14,1

14,8

27,6

29,2

55

42,0

16,1

15,4

27,8

29,4

60

43,5

18,1

16,0

28,0

29,6

65

45,0

20,1

17,2

28,2

29,8

70

47,1

22,1

18,4

28,3

30,0

75

49,2

24,1

19,6

28,4

31,3

80

51,3

26,1

20,8

29,2

32,6

85

53,4

26,9

22,0

30,0

33,9

90

55,5

27,7

22,5

30,8

35,2

95

57,6

28,5

23,0

31,6

36,5

100

59,7

29,3

23,5

32,4

37,8

105

61,8

30,1

24,9

33,2

39,1

110

63,9

30,9

26,3

34,0

40,4

115

66,0

32,1

27,7

35,5

41,7

120

68,1

33,3

29,1

37,0

43,0

125

70,2

34,5

30,5

38,5

44,3

130

72,3

35,7

31,9

40,0

46,1

135

74,4

36,9

33,3

41,5

47,9

140

76,5

38,1

34,7

43,0

49,7

145

78,6

39,3

36,3

44,5

51,5

150

81,1

41,5

37,9

46,3

53,3

When measured under a contact force of 50 N with the device described in Figure 2 of this annex the following tolerances will be applied to the dimensions:

 

Minimum Sitting height:

From 40 to 87 cm B - 5 per centile

From 87 cm and up B - 10 per centile,

 

Minimum shoulder breadth: C –0 +2 cm

 

Minimum hip breadth: D –0 +2 cm

 

Minimum shoulder height (5 per centile): E1 –2 +0 cm

 

Maximum shoulder height (95 per centile): E2 –0 +2 cm

Figure 2

Side and front view of the measuring device

Image

Notes:

Hb

:

Hip breadth variable from 140 to 380 mm

Scb

:

Shoulder breadth variable from 120 to 400 mm

Sih

:

Sitting height variable from 400 to 800 mm

Shh

:

Shoulder height variable from 270 to 540 mm

Figure 3

3D view of the measuring device

Image

ANNEX 19

ASSESSMENT VOLUMES FOR I-SIZE SUPPORT-LEGS AND SUPPORT-LEG FEET

Figure 1

Side view of the support leg dimension assessment volume

Image

Key:

1.

Child Restraint Fixture (CRF)

2.

ISOFIX low anchorages bar

3.

Plane formed by the bottom surface of the CRF, which is parallel to and 15 mm below the X'-Y' plane of the coordinate system

4.

Z'-Y' plane of the coordinate system

5.

Upper part of the support-leg dimension assessment volume, which shows the dimensional limitations in X' and Y' direction, the upper height limit in Z' direction, as well as the lower height limitation in Z' direction for rigid, not in Z' direction adjustable support leg components

Note:

1.

Drawing not to scale.

Figure 2

3D view of the support leg dimension assessment volume

Image

Note:

1.

Drawing not to scale.

Figure 3

Side view of the support leg foot assessment volume

Image

Key:

1.

Child Restraint Fixture (CRF)

2.

ISOFIX low anchorages bar

3.

Plane formed by the bottom surface of the CRF, which is parallel to and 15 mm below the X'-Y' plane of the coordinate system

4.

Z'-Y' plane of the coordinate system

5.

Support-leg foot assessment volume, which shows the required adjustment range of the support-leg foot in Z' directions, as well as the dimensional limitations in X' and Y' direction

6.

Additional volumes shows the additional permissible adjustment range in Z' direction for the support-leg foot

Note:

1.

Drawing not to scale.

Figure 4

3D view of the support leg foot assessment volume

Image

Notes:

1.

Drawing not to scale.


ANNEX 20

MINIMUM LIST OF DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR APPROVAL

 

i-Size CRS

Specific vehicle ISOFIX CRS

Paragraph

General documents

Application letter/request

Application letter/request

3.1.

 

Technical description of the CRS

Technical description of the CRS

3.2.1.

 

Installation instruction for retractors

Installation instruction for retractors

3.2.1.

 

Declaration on toxicity

Declaration on toxicity

3.2.1.

 

Declaration on flammability

Declaration on flammability

3.2.1.

 

Instructions and details of packaging

Instructions and details of packaging

3.2.6.

 

Material specifications of the parts

Material specifications of the parts

2.46. and 2.2.1.1. of Annex 12

 

Assembly instructions for removable parts

Assembly instructions for removable parts

6.2.3.

 

Documentation on information for users

Documentation on information for users, including reference to the applicable vehicle(s)

14.

 

 

List of vehicle model(s)

Annex 1

 

CoP clearance documents including company organisation chart, Chamber of Commerce registry, production plant declaration, quality system certificate, CoP procedure declaration

CoP clearance documents including company organisation chart, Chamber of Commerce registry, production plant declaration, quality system certificate, CoP procedure declaration and declaration on procedures for sampling per product type

3.1. and Annex 11

Drawings/pictures

Exploded view drawing of CRS and drawings of all its relevant parts

Exploded view drawing of CRS and drawings of all its relevant parts

3.2.1. and Annex 1

 

Position of approval mark

Position of approval mark

3.2.1.

 

 

Drawings or pictures regarding the combination of the CRS and the car or the ISOFIX seating position and the relevant car environment (1)

3.2.3.

 

 

Drawings of vehicle and seat structure, adjustment system and attachments (1)

Annex 1

 

Photographs of CRS

Photographs of CRS and/or vehicle and seat structure

Annex 1

 

i-Size CRS

Specific vehicle ISOFIX CRS

Paragraph

 

In case not marked on the sample(s) at the time of submission for approval:

Example of marking of manufacturer’s name, initials or trade mark, the year of production, orientation, warning labels, i-Size logo, size range, occupant mass and additional markings.

In case not marked on the sample(s) at the time of submission for approval:

Example of marking of manufacturer’s name, initials or trade mark, the year of production, orientation, warning labels, i-Size logo, size range, occupant mass, specific vehicle ISOFIX marking and additional markings.

4.


(1)  In case tested on the test trolley in a vehicle body shell in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.2. or in a complete vehicle in conformity with paragraph 7.1.3.3. of this Regulation.


ANNEX 21

LOAD APPLICATION DEVICES

Load application device I

Image

No.

Part Number

Name

Information

Quantity

1

PV000009.1

Head belt – 39 mm

1

2

PV000009.2

Shoulder belt lh-rh – 39 mm

2

3

PV000009.3

Crotch belt – 39 mm

1

4

PV000009.4

Hip belt – 39 mm

1

5

102 18 31

Stitch pattern (30 × 17)

Stich: 77, thread: 30, colour: SABA grey

8

6

PV000009.5

Plastic buckle

 

2

7

PV000009.6

Stitch pattern (2 × 37)

Stich: 77, thread: 30, colour: SABA grey

2


Strech lenght

(+/– 5 mm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dummy Q 0

Q 1

Q 1,5

Q 3

Q 6

Q 10

Head belt

1 000 mm

1 000 mm

1 000 mm

1 200 mm

1 200 mm

1 200 mm

Shoulder belt

750 mm

850 mm

950 mm

1 000 mm

1 100 mm

1 300 mm

Crotch belt

300 mm

350 mm

400 mm

400 mm

450 mm

570 mm

Hip belt

400 mm

500 mm

550 mm

600 mm

700 mm

800 mm

Dimension X

120 mm

130 mm

140 mm

140 mm

150 mm

160 mm


Belt

 

 

 

Width

Thickness

Expansion

Fastness

39 mm +/– 1 mm

1 mm +/– 0,1 mm

5,5 – 6,5 %

Min. 15 000 N


Stich pattern

Min. required force

12 × 12 mm

3,5 kN

30 × 12 mm

5,3 kN

30 × 17 mm

5,3 kN

30 × 30 mm

7,0 kN

all belt radius = 5 mm

Image

Image

Load application device II

Image

No.

Name

Information

Quantity

1

Main belt – 39 mm

1

2

Hip belt (upper/lower)– 39 mm

2

3

Stitch pattern (30 × 17)

Stich: 77, thread: 30-

4


Strech lenght

(+/– 5 mm)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q 0

Q 1

Q 1,5

Q 3

Q 6

Q 10

Main belt (A)

1 740 mm

1 850 mm

1 900 mm

2 000 mm

2 000 mm

2 100 mm

Hip belt (B)

530 mm

560 mm

600 mm

630 mm

660 mm

700 mm

Lower dimension (C)

125 mm

150 mm

150 mm

170 mm

200 mm

200 mm

Mid dimension (D)

270 mm

300 mm

350 mm

380 mm

380 mm

400 mm


Belt

 

 

 

Width

Thickness

Expansion

Fastness

39 mm +/– 1 mm

1 mm +/– 0,1 mm

5,5 – 6,5 %

Min. 15 000 N


Stich pattern

Min. required force

12 × 12 mm

3,5 kN

30 × 12 mm

5,3 kN

30 × 17 mm

5,3 kN

30 × 30 mm

7,0 kN

all belt radius = 5 mm

Image

Image