ISSN 1725-2555

Official Journal

of the European Union

L 381

European flag  

English edition

Legislation

Volume 49
28 December 2006


Contents

 

I   Acts whose publication is obligatory

page

 

*

Regulation (EC) No 1986/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 regarding access to the Second Generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) by the services in the Member States responsible for issuing vehicle registration certificates

1

 

*

Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)

4

 

 

II   Acts whose publication is not obligatory

 

 

Council

 

*

Council Decision of 18 December 2006 concerning conclusion of the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment

24

Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programs for office equipment

26

EN

Acts whose titles are printed in light type are those relating to day-to-day management of agricultural matters, and are generally valid for a limited period.

The titles of all other Acts are printed in bold type and preceded by an asterisk.


I Acts whose publication is obligatory

28.12.2006   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 381/1


REGULATION (EC) No 1986/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 20 December 2006

regarding access to the Second Generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) by the services in the Member States responsible for issuing vehicle registration certificates

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 71 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

After consulting the Committee of the Regions,

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty (2),

Whereas:

(1)

Council Directive 1999/37/EC of 29 April 1999 on the registration documents for vehicles (3) provides that Member States are to assist one another in the implementation of that Directive and may exchange information at bilateral or multilateral level, in particular, so as to check, before any registration of a vehicle, the latter's legal status in the Member State in which it was previously registered. Such checking may involve the use of an electronic network.

(2)

Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 and Council Decision 2006/000/JHA of … on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation of the Schengen Information System (SIS II) (4)  (5) constitute the legislative basis for governing SIS II, which constitutes a shared database between Member States containing, inter alia, data on motor vehicles with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cc, data on trailers with an unladen weight exceeding 750 kg and caravans and data on vehicle registration certificates and vehicle number plates which have been stolen, misappropriated, lost or invalidated.

(3)

Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 and Decision 2006/000/JHA replace Articles 92 to 119 of the Convention of 19 June 1990 implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985 between the governments of the States of the Benelux economic union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders (6) (‘the Schengen Convention’) with the exception of Article 102a thereof. That Article concerns access to the Schengen Information System by the authorities and services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles.

(4)

It is now necessary to adopt a third instrument, based on Title V of the Treaty and complementing Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 and Decision 2006/000/JHA in order to allow access to SIS II by the services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles, and to replace Article 102a of the Schengen Convention.

(5)

Alerts on objects, including motor vehicles, are entered in SIS II for the purposes of seizure or use as evidence in criminal proceedings, pursuant to Decision 2006/000/JHA.

(6)

Pursuant to Decision 2006/000/JHA, access to alerts on objects entered in SIS II is reserved exclusively to the authorities responsible for border control and other police and customs checks as well as judicial authorities and Europol.

(7)

Government or non-government services clearly identified for this purpose and responsible in the Member States for issuing registration certificates for vehicles should have access to data included in SIS II concerning motor vehicles with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cc, trailers with an unladen weight exceeding 750 kg, caravans and vehicle registration certificates and vehicle number plates which have been stolen, misappropriated, lost or invalidated in order to enable them to check whether the vehicles presented to them for registration have been stolen, misappropriated or lost.

(8)

To that end, it is necessary to grant those services access to those data, and to allow them to use those data for the administrative purposes of properly issuing vehicle registration certificates.

(9)

To the extent that services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles are non-government bodies, such access should be granted indirectly, that is to say through the intermediary of an authority granted access in accordance with Decision 2006/000/JHA that is responsible for ensuring compliance with the security and confidentiality rules of the Member States as referred to in that Decision.

(10)

Decision 2006/000/JHA lays down the action to be taken if access to SIS II brings to light an alert for an object entered in SIS II.

(11)

Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (7) applies to the processing of personal data by the services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles. The specific provisions on the protection of personal data on security, confidentiality and keeping of log files contained in Decision 2006/000/JHA supplement or clarify the principles set out in that Directive when personal data is processed by those services in the context of SIS II.

(12)

Since the objective of the action to be taken, namely to grant access to SIS II to services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles, in order to facilitate their tasks under Directive 1999/37/EC, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the very nature of SIS II as a joint information system, only be achieved at Community level, the Community may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(13)

This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

(14)

As regards Iceland and Norway, this Regulation constitutes a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis within the meaning of the Agreement concluded by the Council of the European Union and the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway concerning the association of those two States with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (8) which fall within the area referred to in Article 1, point G, of Council Decision 1999/437/EC of 17 May 1999 (9) on certain arrangements for the application of that Agreement.

(15)

As regards Switzerland, this Regulation constitutes a development of the provisions of the Schengen acquis within the meaning of the Agreement signed between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation concerning the association of the Swiss Confederation with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis, which fall within the area referred to in Article 1, point G, of Decision 1999/437/EC read in conjunction with Article 4(1) of Council Decisions 2004/849/EC (10) and 2004/860/EC (11).

(16)

This Regulation constitutes an act building on the Schengen acquis or otherwise related to it within the meaning of Article 3(2) of the 2003 Act of Accession,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

1.   Notwithstanding Articles 38, 40 and 46(1) of Decision 2006/000/JHA, the services in the Member States responsible for issuing registration certificates for vehicles, as referred to in Directive 1999/37/EC, shall have access to the following data entered into SIS II in accordance with Article 38(2)(a), (b) and (f) of that Decision for the sole purpose of checking whether vehicles presented to them for registration have been stolen, misappropriated or lost or are sought as evidence in criminal proceedings:

(a)

data concerning motor vehicles with a cylinder capacity exceeding 50 cc;

(b)

data concerning trailers with an unladen weight exceeding 750 kg and caravans;

(c)

data concerning vehicle registration certificates and vehicle number plates which have been stolen, misappropriated, lost or invalidated.

Subject to paragraph 2, the law of each Member State shall govern access to those data by those services in that Member State.

2.   Services as referred to in paragraph 1 that are government services shall have the right to access directly the data entered in SIS II.

3.   Services as referred to in paragraph 1 that are non-government services shall have access to data entered in SIS II only through the intermediary of an authority as referred to in Article 40 of the Decision mentioned in paragraph 1. That authority shall have the right to access the data directly and to pass them on to the service concerned. The Member State concerned shall ensure that the service in question and its employees are required to respect any limitations on the permissible use of data conveyed to them by the authority.

4.   Article 39 of that Decision shall not apply to access gained in accordance with this Article. The communication to the police or judicial authorities by services as referred to in paragraph 1 of any information brought to light by access to SIS II which gives rise to suspicion of a criminal offence shall be governed by national law.

Article 2

This Regulation replaces Article 102a of the Schengen Convention.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from the date set in accordance with Article 71(2) of Decision 2006/000/JHA.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 20 December 2006.

For the European Parliament

The President

J. BORRELL FONTELLES

For the Council

The President

J. KORKEAOJA


(1)  OJ C 65, 17.3.2006, p. 27.

(2)  Opinion of the European Parliament of 25 October 2006 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Council Decision of 19 December 2006 (not yet published in the Official Journal).

(3)  OJ L 138, 1.6.1999, p. 57. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2003/127/EC (OJ L 10, 16.1.2004, p. 29).

(4)  See page 4 of this Official Journal.

(5)  See page 99 of this Official Journal.

(6)  OJ L 239, 22.9.2000, p. 19. Convention as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1160/2005 (OJ L 191, 22.7.2005, p. 18).

(7)  OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31. Directive as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003 (OJ L 284, 31.10.2003, p. 1).

(8)  OJ L 176, 10.7.1999, p. 36.

(9)  OJ L 176, 10.7.1999, p. 31.

(10)  Council Decision 2004/849/EC of 25 October 2004 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation concerning the Swiss Confederation's association with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (OJ L 368, 15.12.2004, p. 26).

(11)  Council Decision 2004/860/EC of 25 October 2004 on the signing, on behalf of the European Community, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation, concerning the Swiss Confederation's association with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (OJ L 370, 17.12.2004, p. 78).


28.12.2006   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 381/4


REGULATION (EC) No 1987/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 20 December 2006

on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Articles 62(2)(a), 63(3)(b) and 66 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty (1),

Whereas:

(1)

The Schengen Information System (‘SIS’) set up pursuant to the provisions of Title IV of the Convention of 19 June 1990 implementing the Schengen Agreement of 14 June 1985 between the governments of the States of the Benelux Economic Union, the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the gradual abolition of checks at their common borders (2) (the ‘Schengen Convention’), and its development, SIS 1+, constitute an essential tool for the application of the provisions of the Schengen acquis as integrated into the framework of the European Union.

(2)

The development of the second generation of SIS (‘SIS II’) has been entrusted to the Commission pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No 2424/2001 (3) and Council Decision 2001/886/JHA (4) of 6 December 2001 on the development of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II). SIS II will replace SIS as created pursuant to the Schengen Convention.

(3)

This Regulation constitutes the necessary legislative basis for governing SIS II in respect of matters falling within the scope of the Treaty establishing the European Community (the ‘Treaty’). Council Decision 2006/000/JHA of … on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) (5) constitutes the necessary legislative basis for governing SIS II in respect of matters falling within the scope of the Treaty on European Union.

(4)

The fact that the legislative basis necessary for governing SIS II consists of separate instruments does not affect the principle that SIS II constitutes one single information system that should operate as such. Certain provisions of these instruments should therefore be identical.

(5)

SIS II should constitute a compensatory measure contributing to maintaining a high level of security within the area of freedom, security and justice of the European Union by supporting the implementation of policies linked to the movement of persons that are part of the Schengen acquis, as integrated into Title IV of Part Three of the Treaty.

(6)

It is necessary to specify the objectives of SIS II, its technical architecture and financing, to lay down rules concerning its operation and use and to define responsibilities, the categories of data to be entered into the system, the purposes for which the data are to be entered, the criteria for their entry, the authorities authorised to access the data, the interlinking of alerts and further rules on data processing and the protection of personal data.

(7)

SIS II is to include a central system (Central SIS II) and national applications. The expenditure involved in the operation of Central SIS II and related communication infrastructure should be charged to the general budget of the European Union.

(8)

It is necessary to establish a manual setting out the detailed rules for the exchange of certain supplementary information concerning the action called for by alerts. National authorities in each Member State should ensure the exchange of this information.

(9)

For a transitional period, the Commission should be responsible for the operational management of Central SIS II and of parts of the communication infrastructure. However, in order to ensure a smooth transition to SIS II, it may delegate some or all of these responsibilities to two national public sector bodies. In the long term, and following an impact assessment containing a substantive analysis of alternatives from a financial, operational and organisational perspective, and legislative proposals from the Commission, a management authority with responsibility for these tasks should be established. The transitional period should last for no more than five years from the date from which this Regulation applies.

(10)

SIS II is to contain alerts for the purpose of refusing entry or stay. It is necessary to further consider harmonising the provisions on the grounds for issuing alerts concerning third-country nationals for the purpose of refusing entry or stay and to clarifying their use in the framework of asylum, immigration and return policies. Therefore, the Commission should review, three years after the date from which this Regulation applies, the provisions on the objectives of and conditions for issuing alerts for the purpose of refusing entry or stay.

(11)

Alerts for the purpose of refusing entry or stay should not be kept longer in SIS II than the time required to fulfil the purposes for which they were supplied. As a general principle, they should be automatically erased from SIS II after a period of three years. Any decision to keep an alert for a longer period should be based on a comprehensive individual assessment. Member States should review these alerts within this three-year period and keep statistics about the number of alerts the retention period of which has been extended.

(12)

SIS II should permit the processing of biometric data in order to assist in the reliable identification of the individuals concerned. In the same perspective SIS II should also allow for the processing of data concerning individuals whose identity has been misused in order to avoid inconveniences caused by their misidentification, subject to suitable safeguards, in particular the consent of the individual concerned and a strict limitation of the purposes for which such data can be lawfully processed.

(13)

It should be possible for Member States to establish links between alerts in SIS II. The establishment by a Member State of links between two or more alerts should have no impact on the action to be taken, their retention period or the access rights to the alerts.

(14)

Data processed in SIS II in application of this Regulation should not be transferred or made available to third countries or to international organisations.

(15)

Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (6) applies to the processing of personal data carried out in application of this Regulation. This includes the designation of the controller and the possibility for Member States to provide for exemptions and restrictions to some of the rights and obligations provided for in that Directive including the rights of access and information of the individual concerned. The principles set out in Directive 95/46/EC should be supplemented or clarified in this Regulation, where necessary.

(16)

Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (7), and in particular the provisions thereof concerning confidentiality and security of processing, apply to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions or bodies when carrying out their responsibilities in the operational management of SIS II. The principles set out in Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 should be supplemented or clarified in this Regulation, where necessary.

(17)

Insofar as confidentiality is concerned, the relevant provisions of the Staff Regulations of Officials of the European Communities and the conditions of employment of other servants of the European Communities should apply to officials or other servants employed and working in connection with SIS II.

(18)

It is appropriate that national supervisory authorities monitor the lawfulness of the processing of personal data by the Member States, whilst the European Data Protection Supervisor, appointed pursuant to Decision 2004/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 December 2003 appointing the independent supervisory body provided for in Article 286 of the EC Treaty (8), should monitor the activities of the Community institutions and bodies in relation to the processing of personal data in view of the limited tasks of the Community institutions and bodies with regard to the data themselves.

(19)

Both the Member States and the Commission should draw up a security plan in order to facilitate the implementation of security obligations and should cooperate with each other in order to address security issues from a common perspective.

(20)

In order to ensure transparency, a report on the technical functioning of Central SIS II and the communication infrastructure, including its security, and on the exchange of supplementary information should be produced every two years by the Commission or, when it is established, the management authority. An overall evaluation should be issued by the Commission every four years.

(21)

Certain aspects of SIS II, such as technical rules on entering data, including data required for entering an alert, updating, deleting and searching data, rules on compatibility and priority of alerts, links between alerts and the exchange of supplementary information cannot, owing to their technical nature, level of detail and need for regular updating, be covered exhaustively by the provisions of this Regulation. Implementing powers in respect of those aspects should therefore be delegated to the Commission. Technical rules on searching alerts should take into account the smooth operation of national applications. Subject to an impact assessment by the Commission, it should be decided to what extent the implementing measures could be the responsibility of the management authority, once it is set up.

(22)

The measures necessary for the implementation of this Regulation should be adopted in accordance with Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission (9).

(23)

It is appropriate to lay down transitional provisions in respect of alerts issued in SIS 1+ which are to be transferred to SIS II. Some provisions of the Schengen acquis should continue to apply for a limited period of time until the Member States have examined the compatibility of those alerts with the new legal framework. The compatibility of alerts on persons should be examined as a matter of priority. Furthermore, any modification, addition, correction or update of an alert transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II, as well as any hit on such an alert, should trigger an immediate examination of its compatibility with the provisions of this Regulation.

(24)

It is necessary to lay down specific provisions regarding the part of the budget earmarked for operations of SIS which is not part of the general budget of the European Union.

(25)

Since the objectives of the action to be taken, namely the establishment and regulation of a joint information system, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can therefore, by reason of the scale and effects of the action, be better achieved at Community level, the Community may adopt measures in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary to achieve those objectives.

(26)

This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.

(27)

In accordance with Articles 1 and 2 of the Protocol on the position of Denmark annexed to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, Denmark does not take part in the adoption of this Regulation and is not bound by it or subject to its application. Given that this Regulation builds upon the Schengen acquis under the provisions of Title IV of Part Three of the Treaty, Denmark shall, in accordance with Article 5 of the said Protocol, decide within a period of six months after date of the adoption of this Regulation whether it will transpose it in its national law.

(28)

This Regulation constitutes a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis in which the United Kingdom does not take part, in accordance with Council Decision 2000/365/EC of 29 May 2000 concerning the request of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to take part in some of the provisions of the Schengen acquis (10). The United Kingdom is therefore not taking part in its adoption and is not bound by it or subject to its application.

(29)

This Regulation constitutes a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis in which Ireland does not take part, in accordance with Council Decision 2002/192/EC of 28 February 2002 concerning Ireland's request to take part in some of the provisions of the Schengen acquis (11). Ireland is therefore not taking part in its adoption and is not bound by it or subject to its application.

(30)

This Regulation is without prejudice to the arrangements for the United Kingdom's and Ireland's partial participation in the Schengen acquis as defined in Decision 2000/365/EC and Decision 2002/192/EC respectively.

(31)

As regards Iceland and Norway, this Regulation constitutes a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis within the meaning of the Agreement concluded by the Council of the European Union and the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway concerning the association of those two States with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (12), which fall within the area referred to in Article 1, point G, of Council Decision 1999/437/EC of 17 May 1999 (13) on certain arrangements for the application of that Agreement.

(32)

An arrangement should be made to allow representatives of Iceland and Norway to be associated with the work of committees assisting the Commission in the exercise of its implementing powers. Such an arrangement has been contemplated in the Exchanges of Letters between the Council of the European Union and the Republic of Iceland and the Kingdom of Norway concerning committees which assist the European Commission in the exercise of its executive powers (14), annexed to the abovementioned Agreement.

(33)

As regards Switzerland, this Regulation constitutes a development of provisions of the Schengen acquis within the meaning of the Agreement signed between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation concerning the association of the Swiss Confederation with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis, which fall within the area referred to in Article 1, point G, of Decision 1999/437/EC read in conjunction with Article 4(1) of Council Decisions 2004/849/EC (15) and 2004/860/EC (16).

(34)

An arrangement should be made to allow representatives of Switzerland to be associated with the work of committees assisting the Commission in the exercise of its implementing powers. Such an arrangement has been contemplated in the Exchange of Letters between the Community and Switzerland, annexed to the abovementioned Agreement.

(35)

This Regulation constitutes an act building on the Schengen acquis or otherwise related to it within the meaning of Article 3(2) of the 2003 Act of Accession.

(36)

This Regulation should apply to the United Kingdom and Ireland on dates determined in accordance with the procedures set out in the relevant instruments concerning the application of the Schengen acquis to those States,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Establishment and general purpose of SIS II

1.   A second generation Schengen Information System (‘SIS II’) is hereby established.

2.   The purpose of SIS II shall be, in accordance with this Regulation, to ensure a high level of security within the area of freedom, security and justice of the European Union, including the maintenance of public security and public policy and the safeguarding of security in the territories of the Member States, and to apply the provisions of Title IV of Part Three of the Treaty relating to the movement of persons in their territories, using information communicated via this system.

Article 2

Scope

1.   This Regulation establishes the conditions and procedures for the entry and processing in SIS II of alerts in respect of third-country nationals, the exchange of supplementary information and additional data for the purpose of refusing entry into, or a stay in, a Member State.

2.   This Regulation also lays down provisions on the technical architecture of SIS II, the responsibilities of the Member States and of the management authority referred to in Article 15, general data processing, the rights of the persons concerned and liability.

Article 3

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

(a)

‘alert’ means a set of data entered in SIS II allowing the competent authorities to identify a person with a view to taking specific action;

(b)

‘supplementary information’ means information not stored in SIS II, but connected to SIS II alerts, which is to be exchanged:

(i)

in order to allow Member States to consult or inform each other when entering an alert;

(ii)

following a hit, in order to allow the appropriate action to be taken;

(iii)

when the required action cannot be taken;

(iv)

when dealing with the quality of SIS II data;

(v)

when dealing with the compatibility and priority of alerts;

(vi)

when dealing with rights of access;

(c)

‘additional data’ means the data stored in SIS II and connected with SIS II alerts which are to be immediately available to the competent authorities where a person in respect of whom data has been entered in SIS II is located as a result of searches made therein;

(d)

‘third-country national’ means any individual who is neither:

(i)

a citizen of the European Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the Treaty;

nor

(ii)

a national of a third country who, under agreements between the Community and its Member States on the one hand, and these countries, on the other, enjoys rights of free movement equivalent to those of citizens of the European Union;

(e)

‘personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly;

(f)

‘processing of personal data’ (‘processing’) means any operation or set of operations which is performed upon personal data, whether or not by automatic means, such as collection, recording, organisation, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, blocking, erasure or destruction.

Article 4

Technical architecture and ways of operating SIS II

1.   SIS II shall be composed of:

(a)

a central system (‘Central SIS II’) composed of:

a technical support function (‘CS-SIS’) containing a database, the ‘SIS II database’;

a uniform national interface (‘NI-SIS’);

(b)

a national system (the ‘N.SIS II’) in each of the Member States, consisting of the national data systems which communicate with Central SIS II. An N.SIS II may contain a data file (a ‘national copy’), containing a complete or partial copy of the SIS II database;

(c)

a communication infrastructure between CS-SIS and NI-SIS (the ‘Communication Infrastructure’) that provides an encrypted virtual network dedicated to SIS II data and the exchange of data between SIRENE Bureaux as referred to in Article 7(2).

2.   SIS II data shall be entered, updated, deleted and searched via the various N.SIS II systems. A national copy shall be available for the purpose of carrying out automated searches in the territory of each of the Member States using such a copy. It shall not be possible to search the data files of other Member States' N.SIS II.

3.   CS-SIS, which performs technical supervision and administration functions, shall be located in Strasbourg (France) and a backup CS-SIS, capable of ensuring all functionalities of the principal CS-SIS in the event of failure of this system, shall be located in Sankt Johann im Pongau (Austria).

4.   CS-SIS shall provide the services necessary for the entry and processing of SIS II data, including searches in the SIS II database. For the Member States which use a national copy, CS-SIS shall:

(a)

provide the on-line update of the national copies;

(b)

ensure the synchronisation of and consistency between the national copies and the SIS II database;

(c)

provide the operations for initialisation and restoration of the national copies.

Article 5

Costs

1.   The costs of setting up, operating and maintaining Central SIS II and the Communication Infrastructure shall be borne by the general budget of the European Union.

2.   These costs shall include work done with respect to CS-SIS that ensures the provision of the services referred to in Article 4(4).

3.   The costs of setting up, operating and maintaining each N.SIS II shall be borne by the Member State concerned.

CHAPTER II

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MEMBER STATES

Article 6

National systems

Each Member State shall be responsible for setting up, operating and maintaining its N.SIS II and connecting its N.SIS II to NI-SIS.

Article 7

N.SIS II Office and SIRENE Bureau

1.   Each Member State shall designate an authority (the ‘N.SIS II Office’), which shall have central responsibility for its N.SIS II. That authority shall be responsible for the smooth operation and security of the N.SIS II, shall ensure the access of the competent authorities to SIS II and shall take the necessary measures to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Regulation. Each Member State shall transmit its alerts via its N.SIS II Office.

2.   Each Member State shall designate the authority which shall ensure the exchange of all supplementary information (the ‘SIRENE Bureau’) in accordance with the provisions of the SIRENE Manual, as referred to in Article 8.

Those Bureaux shall also coordinate the verification of the quality of the information entered in the SIS II. For those purposes, they shall have access to the data processed in SIS II.

3.   The Member States shall inform the management authority of their N.SIS II Office and of their SIRENE Bureau. The management authority shall publish the list of them together with the list referred to in Article 31(8).

Article 8

Exchange of supplementary information

1.   Supplementary information shall be exchanged in accordance with the provisions of the ‘SIRENE Manual’ and using the communication infrastructure. Should the communication infrastructure be unavailable, Member States may use other adequately secured technical means for exchanging supplementary information.

2.   Supplementary information shall be used only for the purpose for which it was transmitted.

3.   Requests for supplementary information made by a Member State shall be answered as soon as possible.

4.   Detailed rules for the exchange of supplementary information shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2) in the form of the SIRENE Manual, without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the management authority.

Article 9

Technical compliance

1.   To ensure the prompt and effective transmission of data, each Member State shall observe, when setting up its N.SIS II, the protocols and technical procedures established to ensure the compatibility of its N.SIS II with CS-SIS. Those protocols and technical procedures shall be established in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2), without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the management authority.

2.   If a Member State uses a national copy it shall ensure, by means of the services provided by CS-SIS, that data stored in the national copy are, by means of the automatic updates referred to in Article 4(4), identical to and consistent with the SIS II database, and that a search in its national copy produces a result equivalent to that of a search in the SIS II database.

Article 10

Security – Member States

1.   Each Member State shall, in relation to its N.SIS II, adopt the necessary measures, including a security plan, in order to:

(a)

physically protect data, including by making contingency plans for the protection of critical infrastructure;

(b)

deny unauthorised persons access to data-processing facilities used for processing personal data (facilities access control);

(c)

prevent the unauthorised reading, copying, modification or removal of data media (data media control);

(d)

prevent the unauthorised input of data and the unauthorised inspection, modification or deletion of stored personal data (storage control);

(e)

prevent the use of automated data-processing systems by unauthorised persons using data communication equipment (user control);

(f)

ensure that persons authorised to use an automated data-processing system have access only to the data covered by their access authorisation, by means of individual and unique user identities and confidential access modes only (data access control);

(g)

ensure that all authorities with a right of access to SIS II or to the data processing facilities create profiles describing the functions and responsibilities of persons who are authorised to access, enter, update, delete and search the data and make these profiles available to the national supervisory authorities referred to in Article 44(1) without delay upon their request (personnel profiles);

(h)

ensure that it is possible to verify and establish to which bodies personal data may be transmitted using data communication equipment (communication control);

(i)

ensure that it is subsequently possible to verify and establish which personal data have been input into automated data-processing systems, when, by whom and for what purpose the data were input (input control);

(j)

prevent the unauthorised reading, copying, modification or deletion of personal data during transfers of personal data or during transportation of data media, in particular by means of appropriate encryption techniques (transport control);

(k)

monitor the effectiveness of the security measures referred to in this paragraph and take the necessary organisational measures related to internal monitoring to ensure compliance with this Regulation (self-auditing).

2.   Member States shall take measures equivalent to those referred to in paragraph 1 as regards security in respect of the exchange of supplementary information.

Article 11

Confidentiality – Member States

Each Member State shall apply its rules of professional secrecy or other equivalent duties of confidentiality to all persons and bodies required to work with SIS II data and supplementary information, in accordance with its national legislation. This obligation shall also apply after those people leave office or employment or after the termination of the activities of those bodies.

Article 12

Keeping of records at national level

1.   Member States not using national copies shall ensure that every access to and all exchanges of personal data within CS-SIS are recorded in their N.SIS II for the purposes of checking whether or not a search is lawful, monitoring the lawfulness of data processing, self-monitoring and ensuring the proper functioning of N.SIS II, data integrity and security.

2.   Member States using national copies shall ensure that every access to and all exchanges of SIS II data are recorded for the purposes mentioned in paragraph 1. This does not apply to the processes referred to in Article 4(4).

3.   The records shall show, in particular, the history of the alerts, the date and time of the data transmission, the data used to perform a search, a reference to the data transmitted and the name of both the competent authority and the person responsible for processing the data.

4.   The records may be used only for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 1 and 2 and shall be deleted at the earliest one year, and at the latest three years, after their creation. The records which include the history of alerts shall be erased one to three years after deletion of the alerts.

5.   Records may be kept longer if they are required for monitoring procedures that are already under way.

6.   The competent national authorities in charge of checking whether or not searches are lawful, monitoring the lawfulness of data processing, self-monitoring and ensuring the proper functioning of N.SIS II, data integrity and security, shall have access, within the limits of their competence and at their request, to these records for the purpose of fulfilling their duties.

Article 13

Self-monitoring

Member States shall ensure that each authority entitled to access SIS II data takes the measures necessary to comply with this Regulation and cooperates, where necessary, with the national supervisory authority.

Article 14

Staff training

Before being authorised to process data stored in SIS II, the staff of the authorities having a right to access SIS II shall receive appropriate training about data-security and data-protection rules and shall be informed of any relevant criminal offences and penalties.

CHAPTER III

RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY

Article 15

Operational management

1.   After a transitional period, a management authority (the ‘Management Authority’), funded from the general budget of the European Union, shall be responsible for the operational management of Central SIS II. The Management Authority shall ensure, in cooperation with the Member States, that at all times the best available technology, subject to a cost-benefit analysis, is used for Central SIS II.

2.   The Management Authority shall also be responsible for the following tasks relating to the Communication Infrastructure:

(a)

supervision;

(b)

security;

(c)

the coordination of relations between the Member States and the provider.

3.   The Commission shall be responsible for all other tasks relating to the Communication Infrastructure, in particular:

(a)

tasks relating to implementation of the budget;

(b)

acquisition and renewal;

(c)

contractual matters.

4.   During a transitional period before the Management Authority takes up its responsibilities, the Commission shall be responsible for the operational management of Central SIS II. The Commission may delegate that task and tasks relating to implementation of the budget, in accordance with the Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 of 25 June 2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities (17), to national public-sector bodies, in two different countries.

5.   Each national public-sector body referred to in paragraph 4 shall meet the following selection criteria:

(a)

it must demonstrate that it has lengthy experience in operating a large-scale information system with the functionalities referred to in Article 4(4);

(b)

it must have considerable expertise in the service and security requirements of an information system with functionalities comparable to those referred to in Article 4(4);

(c)

it must have sufficient and experienced staff with the appropriate professional expertise and linguistic skills to work in an international cooperation environment such as that required by SIS II;

(d)

it must have a secure and custom-built facility infrastructure able, in particular, to back-up and guarantee the continuous functioning of large-scale IT systems;

and

(e)

its administrative environment must allow it to implement its tasks properly and avoid any conflict of interests.

6.   Prior to any delegation as referred to in paragraph 4 and at regular intervals thereafter, the Commission shall inform the European Parliament and the Council of the terms of the delegation, its precise scope, and the bodies to which tasks are delegated.

7.   Where the Commission delegates its responsibility during the transitional period pursuant to paragraph 4, it shall ensure that this delegation fully respects the limits set by the institutional system laid out in the Treaty. It shall ensure, in particular, that this delegation does not adversely affect any effective control mechanism under Community law, whether of the Court of Justice, the Court of Auditors or the European Data Protection Supervisor.

8.   Operational management of Central SIS II shall consist of all the tasks necessary to keep Central SIS II functioning 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in accordance with this Regulation, in particular the maintenance work and technical developments necessary for the smooth running of the system.

Article 16

Security

1.   The Management Authority, in relation to Central SIS II, and the Commission, in relation to the Communication Infrastructure, shall adopt the necessary measures, including a security plan, in order to:

(a)

physically protect data, including by making contingency plans for the protection of critical infrastructure;

(b)

deny unauthorised persons access to data-processing facilities used for processing personal data (facilities access control);

(c)

prevent the unauthorised reading, copying, modification or removal of data media (data media control);

(d)

prevent the unauthorised input of data and the unauthorised inspection, modification or deletion of stored personal data (storage control);

(e)

prevent the use of automated data-processing systems by unauthorised persons using data communication equipment (user control);

(f)

ensure that persons authorised to use an automated data-processing system have access only to the data covered by their access authorisation by means of individual and unique user identities and confidential access modes only (data access control);

(g)

create profiles describing the functions and responsibilities of persons who are authorised to access the data or the data processing facilities and make these profiles available to the European Data Protection Supervisor referred to in Article 45 without delay upon its request (personnel profiles);

(h)

ensure that it is possible to verify and establish to which bodies personal data may be transmitted using data communication equipment (communication control);

(i)

ensure that it is subsequently possible to verify and establish which personal data have been input into automated data-processing systems, when and by whom the data were input (input control);

(j)

prevent the unauthorised reading, copying, modification or deletion of personal data during transfers of personal data or during transportation of data media in particular by means of appropriate encryption techniques (transport control);

(k)

monitor the effectiveness of the security measures referred to in this paragraph and take the necessary organisational measures related to internal monitoring to ensure compliance with this Regulation (self-auditing).

2.   The Management Authority shall take measures equivalent to those referred to in paragraph 1 as regards security in respect of the exchange of supplementary information through the Communication Infrastructure.

Article 17

Confidentiality – Management Authority

1.   Without prejudice to Article 17 of the Staff Regulations of Officials of the European Communities, the Management Authority shall apply appropriate rules of professional secrecy or other equivalent duties of confidentiality of a comparable standard to those provided in Article 11 of this Regulation to all its staff required to work with SIS II data. This obligation shall also apply after those people leave office or employment or after the termination of their activities.

2.   The Management Authority shall take measures equivalent to those referred to in paragraph 1 as regards confidentiality in respect of the exchange of supplementary information through the Communication Infrastructure.

Article 18

Keeping of records at central level

1.   The Management Authority shall ensure that every access to and all exchanges of personal data within CS-SIS are recorded for the purposes mentioned in Article 12(1) and (2).

2.   The records shall show, in particular, the history of the alerts, the date and time of the data transmitted, the data used to perform searches, the reference to the data transmitted and the name of the competent authority responsible for processing the data.

3.   The records may only be used for the purpose mentioned in paragraph 1 and shall be deleted at the earliest one year, and at the latest three years, after their creation. The records which include the history of alerts shall be erased one to three years after deletion of the alerts.

4.   Records may be kept longer if they are required for monitoring procedures that are already under way.

5.   The competent authorities in charge of checking whether a search is lawful, monitoring the lawfulness of data processing, self-monitoring and ensuring the proper functioning of CS-SIS, data integrity and security, shall have access, within the limits of their competence and at their request, to those records for the purpose of fulfilling their tasks.

Article 19

Information campaign

The Commission shall, in cooperation with the national supervisory authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor, accompany the start of the operation of SIS II with an information campaign informing the public about the objectives, the data stored, the authorities having access and the rights of persons. After its establishment, the Management Authority, in cooperation with the national supervisory authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor, shall repeat such campaigns regularly. Member States shall, in cooperation with their national supervisory authorities, devise and implement the necessary policies to inform their citizens about SIS II generally.

CHAPTER IV

ALERTS ISSUED IN RESPECT OF THIRD-COUNTRY NATIONALS FOR THE PURPOSE OF REFUSING ENTRY AND STAY

Article 20

Categories of data

1.   Without prejudice to Article 8(1) or the provisions of this Regulation providing for the storage of additional data, SIS II shall contain only those categories of data which are supplied by each of the Member States, as required for the purposes laid down in Article 24.

2.   The information on persons in relation to whom an alert has been issued shall be no more than the following:

(a)

surname(s) and forename(s), name(s) at birth and previously used names and any aliases, which may be entered separately;

(b)

any specific, objective, physical characteristics not subject to change;

(c)

place and date of birth;

(d)

sex;

(e)

photographs;

(f)

fingerprints;

(g)

nationality(ies);

(h)

whether the person concerned is armed, violent or has escaped;

(i)

reason for the alert;

(j)

authority issuing the alert;

(k)

a reference to the decision giving rise to the alert;

(l)

action to be taken;

(m)

link(s) to other alerts issued in SIS II in accordance with Article 37.

3.   The technical rules necessary for entering, updating, deleting and searching the data referred to in paragraph 2 shall be established in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2), without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the Management Authority.

4.   The technical rules necessary for searching the data referred to in paragraph 2 shall be similar for searches in CS-SIS, in national copies and in technical copies, as referred to in Article 31(2).

Article 21

Proportionality

Before issuing an alert, Member States shall determine whether the case is adequate, relevant and important enough to warrant entry of the alert in SIS II.

Article 22

Specific rules for photographs and fingerprints

The use of photographs and fingerprints as referred to in Article 20(2)(e) and (f) shall be subject to the following provisions:

(a)

photographs and fingerprints shall only be entered following a special quality check to ascertain the fulfilment of a minimum data quality standard. The specification of the special quality check shall be established in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2), without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the Management Authority;

(b)

photographs and fingerprints shall only be used to confirm the identity of a third-country national who has been located as a result of an alphanumeric search made in SIS II;

(c)

as soon as this becomes technically possible, fingerprints may also be used to identify a third-country national on the basis of his biometric identifier. Before this functionality is implemented in SIS II, the Commission shall present a report on the availability and readiness of the required technology, on which the European Parliament shall be consulted.

Article 23

Requirement for an alert to be entered

1.   An alert may not be entered without the data referred to in Article 20(2)(a), (d), (k) and (l).

2.   When available, all other data listed in Article 20(2) shall also be entered.

Article 24

Conditions for issuing alerts on refusal of entry or stay

1.   Data on third-country nationals in respect of whom an alert has been issued for the purposes of refusing entry or stay shall be entered on the basis of a national alert resulting from a decision taken by the competent administrative authorities or courts in accordance with the rules of procedure laid down by national law taken on the basis of an individual assessment. Appeals against these decisions shall lie in accordance with national legislation.

2.   An alert shall be entered where the decision referred to in paragraph 1 is based on a threat to public policy or public security or to national security which the presence of the third-country national in question in the territory of a Member State may pose. This situation shall arise in particular in the case of:

(a)

a third-country national who has been convicted in a Member State of an offence carrying a penalty involving deprivation of liberty of at least one year;

(b)

a third-country national in respect of whom there are serious grounds for believing that he has committed a serious criminal offence or in respect of whom there are clear indications of an intention to commit such an offence in the territory of a Member State.

3.   An alert may also be entered when the decision referred to in paragraph 1 is based on the fact that the third-country national has been subject to a measure involving expulsion, refusal of entry or removal which has not been rescinded or suspended, that includes or is accompanied by a prohibition on entry or, where applicable, a prohibition on residence, based on a failure to comply with national regulations on the entry or residence of third-country nationals.

4.   This Article shall not apply in respect of the persons referred to in Article 26.

5.   The Commission shall review the application of this Article three years after the date referred to in Article 55(2). On the basis of that review, the Commission shall, using its right of initiative in accordance with the Treaty, make the necessary proposals to modify the provisions of this Article to achieve a greater level of harmonisation of the criteria for entering alerts.

Article 25

Conditions for entering alerts on third-country nationals who are beneficiaries of the right of free movement within the Community

1.   An alert concerning a third-country national who is a beneficiary of the right of free movement within the Community, within the meaning of Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States (18) shall be in conformity with the rules adopted in implementation of that Directive.

2.   Where there is a hit on an alert pursuant to Article 24 concerning a third-country national who is a beneficiary of the right of free movement within the Community, the Member State executing the alert shall consult immediately the issuing Member State, through its SIRENE Bureau and in accordance with the provisions of the SIRENE Manual, in order to decide without delay on the action to be taken.

Article 26

Conditions for issuing alerts on third-country nationals subject to a restrictive measure taken in accordance with Article 15 of the Treaty on European Union

1.   Without prejudice to Article 25, alerts relating to third-country nationals who are the subject of a restrictive measure intended to prevent entry into or transit through the territory of Member States, taken in accordance with Article 15 of the Treaty on European Union, including measures implementing a travel ban issued by the Security Council of the United Nations, shall, insofar as data-quality requirements are satisfied, be entered in SIS II for the purpose of refusing entry or stay.

2.   Article 23 shall not apply in respect of alerts entered on the basis of paragraph 1 of this Article.

3.   The Member State responsible for entering, updating and deleting these alerts on behalf of all Member States shall be designated at the moment of the adoption of the relevant measure taken in accordance with Article 15 of the Treaty on European Union.

Article 27

Authorities having a right to access alerts

1.   Access to data entered in SIS II and the right to search such data directly or in a copy of SIS II data shall be reserved exclusively to the authorities responsible for the identification of third-country nationals for the purposes of:

(a)

border control, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing a Community Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders (Schengen Borders Code) (19);

(b)

other police and customs checks carried out within the Member State concerned, and the coordination of such checks by designated authorities.

2.   However, the right to access data entered in SIS II and the right to search such data directly may also be exercised by national judicial authorities, including those responsible for the initiation of public prosecutions in criminal proceedings and for judicial inquiries prior to charge, in the performance of their tasks, as provided for in national legislation, and by their coordinating authorities.

3.   In addition, the right to access data entered in SIS II and the data concerning documents relating to persons entered in accordance with Article 38(2)(d) and (e) of Decision 2006/000/JHA and the right to search such data directly may be exercised by the authorities responsible for issuing visas, the central authorities responsible for examining visa applications and the authorities responsible for issuing residence permits and for the administration of legislation relating to third-country nationals in the context of the application of the Community acquis relating to the movement of persons. Access to data by these authorities shall be governed by the law of each Member State.

4.   The authorities referred to in this Article shall be included in the list referred to in Article 31(8).

Article 28

Scope of access

Users may only access data which they require for the performance of their tasks.

Article 29

Retention period of alerts

1.   Alerts entered in SIS II pursuant to this Regulation shall be kept only for the time required to achieve the purposes for which they were entered.

2.   A Member State issuing an alert shall, within three years of its entry in SIS II, review the need to keep it.

3.   Each Member State shall, where appropriate, set shorter review periods in accordance with its national law.

4.   Within the review period, a Member State issuing an alert may, following a comprehensive individual assessment, which shall be recorded, decide to keep the alert longer, should this prove necessary for the purposes for which the alert was issued. In such a case, paragraph 2 shall apply also to the extension. Any extension of an alert shall be communicated to CS-SIS.

5.   Alerts shall automatically be erased after the review period referred to in paragraph 2 except where the Member State issuing the alert has communicated the extension of the alert to CS-SIS pursuant to paragraph 4. CS-SIS shall automatically inform the Member States of the scheduled deletion of data from the system four months in advance.

6.   Member States shall keep statistics about the number of alerts the retention period of which has been extended in accordance with paragraph 4.

Article 30

Acquisition of citizenship and alerts

Alerts issued in respect of a person who has acquired citizenship of any State whose nationals are beneficiaries of the right of free movement within the Community shall be erased as soon as the Member State which issued the alert becomes aware, or is informed pursuant to Article 34, that the person in question has acquired such citizenship.

CHAPTER V

GENERAL DATA-PROCESSING RULES

Article 31

Processing of SIS II data

1.   The Member States may process the data referred to in Article 20 for the purposes of refusing entry into or a stay in their territories.

2.   Data may only be copied for technical purposes, provided that such copying is necessary in order for the authorities referred to in Article 27 to carry out a direct search. The provisions of this Regulation shall apply to such copies. Alerts issued by one Member State may not be copied from its N.SIS II into other national data files.

3.   Technical copies, as referred to in paragraph 2, which lead to off-line databases may be retained for a period not exceeding 48 hours. That period may be extended in an emergency until the emergency comes to an end.

Notwithstanding the first subparagraph, technical copies which lead to off-line databases to be used by visa issuing authorities shall no longer be permitted one year after the authority in question has been connected successfully to the Communication Infrastructure for the Visa Information System to be provided for in a future Regulation concerning the Visa Information System (VIS) and the exchange of data between Member States on short stay visas except for copies made to be used only in an emergency following the unavailability of the network for more than 24 hours.

Member States shall keep an up-to-date inventory of such copies, make this inventory available to their national supervisory authority and ensure that the provisions of this Regulation, in particular those of Article 10, are applied in respect of such copies.

4.   Access to data shall only be authorised within the limits of the competence of the national authorities referred to in Article 27 and to duly authorised staff.

5.   Data may not be used for administrative purposes. By way of derogation, data entered in accordance with this Regulation may be used in accordance with the laws of each Member State by the authorities referred to in Article 27(3) in the performance of their duties.

6.   Data entered in accordance with Article 24 of this Regulation and data concerning documents relating to persons entered under Article 38(2)(d) and (e) of Decision 2006/000/JHA may be used in accordance with the laws of each Member State for the purposes referred to in Article 27(3) of this Regulation.

7.   Any use of data which does not comply with paragraphs 1 to 6 shall be considered as misuse under the national law of each Member State.

8.   Each Member State shall send to the Management Authority a list of its competent authorities authorised to search directly the data contained in SIS II pursuant to this Regulation as well as any changes to the list. That list shall specify, for each authority, which data it may search and for what purposes. The Management Authority shall ensure the annual publication of the list in the Official Journal of the European Union.

9.   Insofar as Community law does not lay down specific provisions, the law of each Member State shall apply to data entered in its N.SIS II.

Article 32

SIS II data and national files

1.   Article 31(2) shall not prejudice the right of a Member State to keep in its national files SIS II data in connection with which action has been taken on its territory. Such data shall be kept in national files for a maximum period of three years, except if specific provisions of national law provide for a longer retention period.

2.   Article 31(2) shall not prejudice the right of a Member State to keep in its national files data contained in a particular alert issued in SIS II by that Member State.

Article 33

Information in the event of non-execution of an alert

If a requested action cannot be performed, the requested Member State shall immediately inform the Member State issuing the alert.

Article 34

Quality of the data processed in SIS II

1.   A Member State issuing an alert shall be responsible for ensuring that the data are accurate, up-to-date and entered in SIS II lawfully.

2.   Only the Member State issuing an alert shall be authorised to modify, add to, correct, update or delete data which it has entered.

3.   If a Member State other than that which issued an alert has evidence suggesting that an item of data is factually incorrect or has been unlawfully stored, it shall, through the exchange of supplementary information, inform the Member State that issued the alert thereof at the earliest opportunity and not later than ten days after the said evidence has come to its attention. The Member State that issued the alert shall check the communication and, if necessary, correct or delete the item in question without delay.

4.   If the Member States are unable to reach agreement within two months, the Member State which did not issue the alert shall submit the matter to the European Data Protection Supervisor, who shall, jointly with the national supervisory authorities concerned, act as mediator.

5.   The Member States shall exchange supplementary information if a person complains that he is not the person wanted by an alert. If the outcome of the check is that there are in fact two different persons the complainant shall be informed of the provisions of Article 36.

6.   Where a person is already the subject of an alert in SIS II, a Member State which enters a further alert shall reach agreement on the entry of the alert with the Member State which entered the first alert. The agreement shall be reached on the basis of the exchange of supplementary information.

Article 35

Distinguishing between persons with similar characteristics

Where it becomes apparent, when a new alert is entered, that there is already a person in SIS II with the same identity description element, the following procedure shall be followed:

(a)

the SIRENE Bureau shall contact the requesting authority to clarify whether or not the alert is on the same person;

(b)

if the cross-check reveals that the subject of the new alert and the person already in SIS II are indeed one and the same, the SIRENE Bureau shall apply the procedure for entering multiple alerts as referred to in Article 34(6). If the outcome of the check is that there are in fact two different persons, the SIRENE Bureau shall approve the request for entering the second alert by adding the necessary elements to avoid any misidentification.

Article 36

Additional data for the purpose of dealing with misused identity

1.   Where confusion may arise between the person actually intended as the subject of an alert and a person whose identity has been misused, the Member State which entered the alert shall, subject to that person's explicit consent, add data relating to the latter to the alert in order to avoid the negative consequences of misidentification.

2.   Data relating to a person whose identity has been misused shall be used only for the following purposes:

(a)

to allow the competent authority to distinguish the person whose identity has been misused from the person actually intended as the subject of the alert;

(b)

to allow the person whose identity has been misused to prove his identity and to establish that his identity has been misused.

3.   For the purpose of this Article, no more than the following personal data may be entered and further processed in SIS II:

(a)

surname(s) and forename(s), name(s) at birth and previously used names and any aliases possibly entered separately;

(b)

any specific objective and physical characteristic not subject to change;

(c)

place and date of birth;

(d)

sex;

(e)

photographs;

(f)

fingerprints;

(g)

nationality(ies);

(h)

number(s) of identity paper(s) and date of issue.

4.   The technical rules necessary for entering and further processing the data referred to in paragraph 3 shall be established in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2), without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the Management Authority.

5.   The data referred to in paragraph 3 shall be erased at the same time as the corresponding alert or earlier if the person so requests.

6.   Only the authorities having a right of access to the corresponding alert may access the data referred to in paragraph 3. They may do so for the sole purpose of avoiding misidentification.

Article 37

Links between alerts

1.   A Member State may create a link between alerts it enters in SIS II. The effect of such a link shall be to establish a relationship between two or more alerts.

2.   The creation of a link shall not affect the specific action to be taken on the basis of each linked alert or the retention period of each of the linked alerts.

3.   The creation of a link shall not affect the rights of access provided for in this Regulation. Authorities with no right of access to certain categories of alert shall not be able to see the link to an alert to which they do not have access.

4.   A Member State shall create a link between alerts only when there is a clear operational need.

5.   Links may be created by a Member State in accordance with its national legislation provided that the principles outlined in the present Article are respected.

6.   Where a Member State considers that the creation by another Member State of a link between alerts is incompatible with its national law or international obligations, it may take the necessary measures to ensure that there can be no access to the link from its national territory or by its authorities located outside its territory.

7.   The technical rules for linking alerts shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 51(2), without prejudice to the provisions of the instrument setting up the Management Authority.

Article 38

Purpose and retention period of supplementary information

1.   Member States shall keep a reference to the decisions giving rise to an alert at the SIRENE Bureau to support the exchange of supplementary information.

2.   Personal data held in files by the SIRENE Bureau as a result of information exchanged, shall be kept only for such time as may be required to achieve the purposes for which they were supplied. They shall in any event be deleted at the latest one year after the related alert has been deleted from SIS II.

3.   Paragraph 2 shall not prejudice the right of a Member State to keep in national files data relating to a particular alert which that Member State has issued or to an alert in connection with which action has been taken on its territory. The period for which such data may be held in such files shall be governed by national law.

Article 39

Transfer of personal data to third parties

Data processed in SIS II pursuant to this Regulation shall not be transferred or made available to third countries or to international organisations.

CHAPTER VI

DATA PROTECTION

Article 40

Processing of sensitive categories of data

Processing of the categories of data listed in Article 8(1) of Directive 95/46/EC shall be prohibited.

Article 41

Right of access, correction of inaccurate data and deletion of unlawfully stored data

1.   The right of persons to have access to data relating to them entered in SIS II in accordance with this Regulation shall be exercised in accordance with the law of the Member State before which they invoke that right.

2.   If national law so provides, the national supervisory authority shall decide whether information is to be communicated and by what procedures.

3.   A Member State other than that which has issued an alert may communicate information concerning such data only if it first gives the Member State issuing the alert an opportunity to state its position. This shall be done through the exchange of supplementary information.

4.   Information shall not be communicated to the data subject if this is indispensable for the performance of a lawful task in connection with an alert or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of third parties.

5.   Any person has the right to have factually inaccurate data relating to him corrected or unlawfully stored data relating to him deleted.

6.   The individual concerned shall be informed as soon as possible and in any event not later than 60 days from the date on which he applies for access or sooner, if national law so provides.

7.   The individual shall be informed about the follow-up given to the exercise of his rights of correction and deletion as soon as possible and in any event not later than three months from the date on which he applies for correction or deletion or sooner, if national law so provides.

Article 42

Right of information

1.   Third-country nationals who are the subject of an alert issued in accordance with this Regulation shall be informed in accordance with Articles 10 and 11 of Directive 95/46/EC. This information shall be provided in writing, together with a copy of or a reference to the national decision giving rise to the alert, as referred to in Article 24(1).

2.   This information shall not be provided:

(a)

where

(i)

the personal data have not been obtained from the third-country national in question;

and

(ii)

the provision of the information proves impossible or would involve a disproportionate effort;

(b)

where the third country national in question already has the information;

(c)

where national law allows for the right of information to be restricted, in particular in order to safeguard national security, defence, public security and the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of criminal offences.

Article 43

Remedies

1.   Any person may bring an action before the courts or the authority competent under the law of any Member State to access, correct, delete or obtain information or to obtain compensation in connection with an alert relating to him.

2.   The Member States undertake mutually to enforce final decisions handed down by the courts or authorities referred to in paragraph 1, without prejudice to the provisions of Article 48.

3.   The rules on remedies provided for in this Article shall be evaluated by the Commission by 17 January 2009.

Article 44

Supervision of N.SIS II

1.   The authority or authorities designated in each Member State and endowed with the powers referred to in Article 28 of Directive 95/46/EC (the ‘National Supervisory Authority’) shall monitor independently the lawfulness of the processing of SIS II personal data on their territory and its transmission from that territory, and the exchange and further processing of supplementary information.

2.   The National Supervisory Authority shall ensure that an audit of the data processing operations in its N.SIS II is carried out in accordance with international auditing standards at least every four years.

3.   Member States shall ensure that their National Supervisory Authority has sufficient resources to fulfil the tasks entrusted to it under this Regulation.

Article 45

Supervision of the Management Authority

1.   The European Data Protection Supervisor shall check that the personal data processing activities of the Management Authority are carried out in accordance with this Regulation. The duties and powers referred to in Articles 46 and 47 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 shall apply accordingly.

2.   The European Data Protection Supervisor shall ensure that an audit of the Management Authority's personal data processing activities is carried out in accordance with international auditing standards at least every four years. A report of such audit shall be sent to the European Parliament, the Council, the Management Authority, the Commission and the National Supervisory Authorities. The Management Authority shall be given an opportunity to make comments before the report is adopted.

Article 46

Cooperation between National Supervisory Authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor

1.   The National Supervisory Authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor, each acting within the scope of its respective competences, shall cooperate actively in the framework of their responsibilities and shall ensure coordinated supervision of SIS II.

2.   They shall, each acting within the scope of its respective competences, exchange relevant information, assist each other in carrying out audits and inspections, examine difficulties of interpretation or application of this Regulation, study problems with the exercise of independent supervision or in the exercise of the rights of data subjects, draw up harmonised proposals for joint solutions to any problems and promote awareness of data protection rights, as necessary.

3.   The National Supervisory Authorities and the European Data Protection Supervisor shall meet for that purpose at least twice a year. The costs and servicing of these meetings shall be for the account of the European Data Protection Supervisor. Rules of procedure shall be adopted at the first meeting. Further working methods shall be developed jointly as necessary. A joint report of activities shall be sent to the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the Management Authority every two years.

Article 47

Data protection during the transitional period

Where the Commission delegates its responsibilities during the transitional period to another body or bodies, pursuant to Article 15(4), it shall ensure that the European Data Protection Supervisor has the right and is able to fully exercise his tasks, including carrying out on-the-spot checks, and to exercise any other powers conferred on him by Article 47 of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001.

CHAPTER VII

LIABILITY AND PENALTIES

Article 48

Liability

1.   Each Member State shall be liable in accordance with its national law for any damage caused to a person through the use of N.SIS II. This shall also apply to damage caused by the Member State which issued the alert, where the latter entered factually inaccurate data or stored data unlawfully.

2.   If the Member State against which an action is brought is not the Member State issuing the alert, the latter shall be required to reimburse, on request, the sums paid out as compensation unless the use of the data by the Member State requesting reimbursement infringes this Regulation.

3.   If any failure of a Member State to comply with its obligations under this Regulation causes damage to SIS II, that Member State shall be held liable for such damage, unless and insofar as the Management Authority or another Member State participating in SIS II failed to take reasonable steps to prevent the damage from occurring or to minimise its impact.

Article 49

Penalties

Member States shall ensure that any misuse of data entered in SIS II or any exchange of supplementary information contrary to this Regulation is subject to effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties in accordance with national law.

CHAPTER VIII

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 50

Monitoring and statistics

1.   The Management Authority shall ensure that procedures are in place to monitor the functioning of SIS II against objectives relating to output, cost-effectiveness, security and quality of service.

2.   For the purposes of technical maintenance, reporting and statistics, the Management Authority shall have access to the necessary information relating to the processing operations performed in Central SIS II.

3.   Each year the Management Authority shall publish statistics showing the number of records per category of alert, the number of hits per category of alert and how many times SIS II was accessed, in total and for each Member State.

4.   Two years after SIS II is brought into operation and every two years thereafter, the Management Authority shall submit to the European Parliament and the Council a report on the technical functioning of Central SIS II and the Communication Infrastructure, including the security thereof and the bilateral and multilateral exchange of supplementary information between Member States.

5.   Three years after SIS II is brought into operation and every four years thereafter, the Commission shall produce an overall evaluation of Central SIS II and the bilateral and multilateral exchange of supplementary information between Member States. This overall evaluation shall include an examination of results achieved against objectives and an assessment of the continuing validity of the underlying rationale, the application of this Regulation in respect of Central SIS II, the security of Central SIS II and any implications for future operations. The Commission shall transmit the evaluation to the European Parliament and the Council.

6.   Member States shall provide the Management Authority and the Commission with the information necessary to draft the reports referred to in paragraphs 3, 4 and 5.

7.   The Management Authority shall provide the Commission with the information necessary to produce the overall evaluations referred to in paragraph 5.

8.   During a transitional period before the Management Authority takes up its responsibilities, the Commission shall be responsible for producing and submitting the reports referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4.

Article 51

Committee

1.   The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee.

2.   Where reference is made to this paragraph, Articles 5 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

The period provided for in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be three months.

3.   The Committee shall exercise its function from the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Article 52

Amendment of the provisions of the Schengen Acquis

1.   For the purposes of matters falling within the scope of the Treaty, this Regulation shall replace, on the date referred to in Article 55(2), the provisions of Articles 92 to 119 of the Schengen Convention, with the exception of Article 102 A thereof.

2.   It shall also replace, on the date referred to in Article 55(2), the following provisions of the Schengen acquis implementing those articles (20):

(a)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 14 December 1993 on the Financial Regulation on the costs of installing and operating the Schengen Information System (C.SIS) (SCH/Com-ex (93) 16);

(b)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 7 October 1997 on the development of the SIS (SCH/Com-ex (97) 24);

(c)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 15 December 1997 amending the Financial Regulation on C.SIS (SCH/Com-ex (97) 35);

(d)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 21 April 1998 on C.SIS with 15/18 connections (SCH/Com-ex (98) 11);

(e)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 28 April 1999 on C.SIS installation expenditure (SCH/Com-ex (99) 4);

(f)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 28 April 1999 on updating the SIRENE Manual (SCH/Com-ex (99) 5);

(g)

Declaration of the Executive Committee of 18 April 1996 defining the concept of alien (SCH/Com-ex (96) decl. 5);

(h)

Declaration of the Executive Committee of 28 April 1999 on the structure of SIS (SCH/Com-ex (99) decl. 2 rev.);

(i)

Decision of the Executive Committee of 7 October 1997 on contributions from Norway and Iceland to the costs of installing and operating of the C.SIS (SCH/Com-ex (97) 18).

3.   For the purposes of matters falling within the scope of the Treaty, references to the replaced Articles of the Schengen Convention and relevant provisions of the Schengen acquis implementing those Articles shall be construed as references to this Regulation.

Article 53

Repeal

Regulation (EC) No 378/2004, Regulation (EC) No 871/2004, Decision 2005/451/JHA, Decision 2005/728/JHA and Decision 2006/628/EC are repealed on the date referred to in Article 55(2).

Article 54

Transitional period and budget

1.   Alerts shall be transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II. The Member States shall ensure, giving priority to alerts on persons, that the contents of the alerts that are transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II satisfy the provisions of this Regulation as soon as possible and within three years after the date referred to in Article 55(2) at the latest. During this transitional period, the Member States may continue to apply the provisions of Articles 94 and 96 of the Schengen Convention to the contents of the alerts that are transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II, subject to the following rules:

(a)

in the event of a modification of, an addition to, or a correction or update of the content of an alert transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II, the Member States shall ensure that the alert satisfies the provisions of this Regulation as from the time of that modification, addition, correction or update;

(b)

in the event of a hit on an alert transferred from SIS 1+ to SIS II, the Member States shall examine the compatibility of that alert with the provisions of this Regulation immediately, but without delaying the action to be taken on the basis of that alert.

2.   The remainder of the budget at the date set in accordance with Article 55(2), which has been approved in accordance with the provisions of Article 119 of the Schengen Convention, shall be paid back to the Member States. The amounts to be repaid shall be calculated on the basis of the contributions from the Member States as laid down in the Decision of the Executive Committee of 14 December 1993 on the financial regulation on the costs of installing and operating the Schengen Information System.

3.   During the transitional period referred to in Article 15(4), references in this Regulation to the Management Authority shall be construed as a reference to the Commission.

Article 55

Entry into force, applicability and migration

1.   This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

2.   It shall apply to the Member States participating in SIS 1+ from dates to be fixed by the Council, acting by the unanimity of its Members representing the governments of the Member States participating in SIS 1+.

3.   The dates referred to in paragraph 2 shall be fixed after:

(a)

the necessary implementing measures have been adopted;

(b)

all Member States fully participating in SIS 1+ have notified the Commission that they have made the necessary technical and legal arrangements to process SIS II data and exchange supplementary information;

(c)

the Commission has declared the successful completion of a comprehensive test of SIS II, which shall be conducted by the Commission together with the Member States, and the preparatory bodies of the Council have validated the proposed test result and confirmed that the level of performance of SIS II is at least equivalent to that achieved with SIS 1+;

(d)

the Commission has made the necessary technical arrangements for allowing Central SIS II to be connected to the N.SIS II of the Member States concerned.

4.   The Commission shall inform the European Parliament of the results of the tests carried out in accordance with paragraph 3(c).

5.   Any Decision of the Council taken in accordance with paragraph 2 shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in the Member States in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community.

Done at Brussels, 20 December 2006.

For the European Parliament

The President

J. BORRELL FONTELLES

For the Council

The President

J. KORKEAOJA


(1)  Opinion of the European Parliament of 25 October 2006 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Council Decision of 19 December 2006 (not yet published in the Official Journal).

(2)  OJ L 239, 22.9.2000, p. 19. Convention as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1160/2005 (OJ L 191, 22.7.2005, p. 18).

(3)  OJ L 328, 13.12.2001, p. 4.

(4)  OJ L 328, 13.12.2001, p. 1.

(5)  OJ L …

(6)  OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31.

(7)  OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1.

(8)  OJ L 12, 17.1.2004, p. 47.

(9)  OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23. Decision as amended by Decision 2006/512/EC (OJ L 200, 22.7.2006, p. 11).

(10)  OJ L 131, 1.6.2000, p. 43.

(11)  OJ L 64, 7.3.2002, p. 20.

(12)  OJ L 176, 10.7.1999, p. 36.

(13)  OJ L 176, 10.7.1999, p. 31.

(14)  OJ L 176, 10.7.1999, p. 53.

(15)  Council Decision 2004/849/ECof 25 October 2004 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation concerning the Swiss Confederation's association with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (OJ L 368, 15.12.2004, p. 26).

(16)  Council Decision 2004/860/EC of 25 October 2004 on the signing, on behalf of the European Community, and on the provisional application of certain provisions of the Agreement between the European Union, the European Community and the Swiss Confederation, concerning the Swiss Confederation's association with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis (OJ L 370, 17.12.2004, p. 78).

(17)  OJ L 248, 16.9.2002, p. 1.

(18)  OJ L 158, 30.4.2004, p. 77.

(19)  OJ L 105, 13.4.2006, p. 1.

(20)  OJ L 239, 22.9.2000, p. 439.


II Acts whose publication is not obligatory

Council

28.12.2006   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 381/24


COUNCIL DECISION

of 18 December 2006

concerning conclusion of the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment

(2006/1005/EC)

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 133, in conjunction with Article 300(2), first subparagraph, first sentence, and Article 300(4) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Whereas:

(1)

The Council Decision authorising the Commission to open negotiations for an Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment was adopted on 5 May 2006.

(2)

The negotiations have been concluded and the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Agreement’) was initialled by both Parties on 7 June 2006.

(3)

The appropriate internal Community procedures should be established to ensure proper operation of the Agreement.

(4)

The market for office equipment is evolving rapidly. It is essential to reassess frequently the potential for maximising energy savings and environmental benefits by stimulating the supply of and demand for energy-efficient products. It is therefore necessary to empower the Commission, assisted by a Community advisory board made up of national representatives and of all interested parties, to reassess and upgrade the Common Specifications for office equipment set out in Annex C to the Agreement regularly and to take certain decisions for implementation of the Agreement, such as the layout of the Energy Star logo and the guidelines for use of the logo contained in Annexes A and B respectively.

(5)

Implementation of the Agreement should be reviewed by the Technical Commission established by the Agreement.

(6)

Each party to the Agreement should designate a management entity and the procedure for amending the Agreement should be defined.

(7)

The Agreement should be approved,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Article 1

The Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programmes for office equipment, including its Annexes, is hereby approved on behalf of the Community.

The text of the Agreement and the Annexes thereto are attached to this Decision.

Article 2

The President of the Council is hereby authorised to designate the person(s) empowered to sign the Agreement in order to bind the Community.

Article 3

The President of the Council shall, on behalf of the Community, give the notification in writing provided for in Article XIV(1) of the Agreement.

Article 4

1.   The Commission shall represent the Community in the Technical Commission provided for in Article VII of the Agreement, after having heard the views of the members of the European Community Energy Star Board established by Regulation (EC) No 2422/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council (1). After consulting the European Community Energy Star Board, the Commission shall carry out the tasks referred to in Articles VI(5), VII(1) and (2), and IX(4) of the Agreement.

2.   With a view to preparing the position of the Community with regard to amendments to the list of office equipment in Annex C to the Agreement, the Commission shall take into account any opinion given by the European Community Energy Star Board.

3.   The position of the Community with regard to decisions to be taken by the management entities shall be determined, with regard to amendments of Annex A (Energy Star name and common logo), Annex B (Guidelines for proper use of the Energy Star name and common logo), and Annex C (Common Specifications) to the Agreement, by the Commission, after consultation of the European Community Energy Star Board.

4.   In all other cases, the position of the Community with regard to decisions to be taken by the Parties to the Agreement shall be determined by the Council, acting on a proposal from the Commission in accordance with Article 300 of the Treaty.

Article 5

This Decision shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 18 December 2006.

For the Council

The President

J.-E. ENESTAM


(1)  OJ L 332, 15.2.2001, p. 1.


AGREEMENT

between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the coordination of energy-efficiency labelling programs for office equipment

The Government of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and the EUROPEAN COMMUNITY, hereinafter ‘the Parties’;

DESIRING to maximise energy savings and environmental benefits by stimulating the supply of and demand for energy-efficient products;

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the European Community on the Coordination of Energy-Efficient Labelling Programs for Office Equipment, done on 19 December 2000, and its annexes, as amended (hereinafter ‘the 2000 Agreement’);

SATISFIED by the progress made under the 2000 Agreement;

CONVINCED that additional benefits will be achieved by continuing mutual efforts on ENERGY STAR;

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:

Article I

General Principles

1.   A common set of energy-efficiency specifications and a common logo shall be used by the Parties for the purpose of establishing consistent targets for manufacturers, thereby maximising the effect of their individual efforts on the supply of and demand for such product types.

2.   The Parties shall use the Common Logo for the purpose of identifying qualified energy-efficient product types listed in Annex C.

3.   The Parties shall ensure that common specifications encourage continuing improvement in efficiency, taking into account the most advanced technical practices on the market.

4.   The Common Specifications strive to represent not more than 25 percent of models for which data is available at the time the specifications are set while also taking other factors into consideration.

5.   The Parties shall endeavour to ensure that consumers have the opportunity to identify efficient products by finding the label in the market.

Article II

Relation to the 2000 Agreement

This Agreement supersedes in its entirety the 2000 Agreement.

Article III

Definitions

For the purposes of this Agreement:

(a)

‘ENERGY STAR’ means the service mark designated in Annex A and owned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (‘U.S. EPA’);

(b)

‘Common Logo’ means the certification mark designated in Annex A and owned by U.S. EPA;

(c)

‘ENERGY STAR Marks’ means the ‘ENERGY STAR’ name and the Common Logo, as well as any versions of these marks that may be developed or modified by the Management Entities or Program Participants, as herein defined, including the sign or marking contained in Annex A of this Agreement;

(d)

‘ENERGY STAR Labelling Program’ means a program administered by a Management Entity using common energy-efficiency specifications, marks, and guidelines to be applied to designated product types;

(e)

‘Program Participants’ means manufacturers, vendors, or resale agents that sell designated, energy-efficient products that meet the specifications of and who have chosen to participate in, the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program by registering or entering an agreement with the Management Entity of either Party;

(f)

‘Common Specifications’ are the energy-efficiency and performance requirements, including testing methods listed in Annex C, used by Management Entities and Program Participants to determine qualification of energy-efficient products for the Common Logo.

Article IV

Management entities

Each Party hereby designates a management entity responsible for implementation of this Agreement (the ‘Management Entities’). The European Community designates the Commission of the European Communities (‘Commission’) as its Management Entity. The United States of America designates the U.S. EPA as its Management Entity.

Article V

Administration of the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program

1.   Each Management Entity shall administer the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program for the energy-efficient product types listed in Annex C, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement. Program administration includes registering Program Participants on a voluntary basis, maintaining Program Participant and compliant product lists, and enforcing the terms of the Guidelines for Proper Use of the ENERGY STAR Name and Common Logo set forth in Annex B.

2.   The ENERGY STAR Labelling Program shall use the Common Specifications listed in Annex C.

3.   To the extent that each Management Entity takes effective measures to educate consumers about the ENERGY STAR Marks, it shall do so in accordance with the Guidelines for Proper Use of the ENERGY STAR Name and Common Logo set forth in Annex B.

4.   Each Management Entity shall bear the expenses for all of its activities under this Agreement.

Article VI

Participation in the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program

1.   Any manufacturer, vendor or resale agent may enter the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program by registering as a Program Participant with the Management Entity of either Party.

2.   Program Participants may use the Common Logo to identify qualified products that have been tested in their own facilities or by an independent test laboratory and that meet the Common Specifications set forth in Annex C, and may self-certify product qualification.

3.   The registration of a Program Participant in the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program by the Management Entity of one Party shall be recognised by the Management Entity of the other Party.

4.   To facilitate the recognition of Program Participants in the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program in accordance with Paragraph 3 above, the Management Entities shall cooperate in order to maintain common lists of all Program Participants and products that qualify for the Common Logo.

5.   Notwithstanding the self-certification procedures specified in Paragraph 2 above, each Management Entity reserves the right to test or otherwise review products that are or have been sold within its territories (in the territories of the European Community Member States in the case of the Commission) to determine whether the products are certified in accordance with the Common Specifications set forth in Annex C. The Management Entities shall communicate and cooperate fully with one another to ensure all products bearing the Common Logo meet the Common Specifications set forth in Annex C.

Article VII

Program coordination between the Parties

1.   The Parties shall establish a Technical Commission to review implementation of this Agreement, composed of representatives of their respective Management Entities.

2.   In principle, the Technical Commission shall meet annually and shall consult at the request of one of the Management Entities to review the operation and administration of the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program, the Common Specifications set forth in Annex C, product coverage, and the progress in achieving the objectives of this Agreement.

3.   Nonparties (including other governments and industry representatives) may attend meetings of the Technical Commission as observers, unless otherwise agreed by both Management Entities.

Article VIII

Registration of the ENERGY STAR Marks

1.   The U.S. EPA, as owner of the ENERGY STAR marks, has registered the marks in the European Community as Community Trade Marks. The Commission shall not seek or obtain any registration of the ENERGY STAR marks or any variation of the marks in any country.

2.   The U.S. EPA undertakes not to consider as an infringement of these marks the use, by the Commission or by any Program Participant registered by the Commission, of the sign or marking contained in Annex A in accordance with the terms of this Agreement.

Article IX

Enforcement and non-compliance

1.   In order to protect the ENERGY STAR marks, each Management Entity shall ensure the proper use of the ENERGY STAR marks within its territory (within the territories of the European Community Member States in the case of the Commission). Each Management Entity shall ensure that the ENERGY STAR marks are used only in the form that appears in Annex A. Each Management Entity shall ensure that the ENERGY STAR marks are used solely in the manner specified in the Guidelines for Proper Use of the ENERGY STAR Name and Common Logo set forth in Annex B.

2.   Each Management Entity shall ensure that prompt and appropriate action is taken against Program Participants, whenever it has knowledge that a Program Participant has used an infringing mark or has affixed the ENERGY STAR marks to a product that does not comply with the Specifications set forth in Annex C. Such actions shall include, but not be limited to:

(a)

informing the Program Participant in writing of its non- compliance with the terms of the ENERGY STAR Labelling Program;

(b)

through consultations, developing a plan to reach compliance;

and

(c)

if compliance cannot be reached, terminating the registration of the Program Participant, as appropriate.

3.   Each Management Entity shall ensure that all reasonable actions are taken to end the unauthorised use of the ENERGY STAR marks or use of an infringing mark by an entity that is not a Program Participant. Such actions shall include, but shall not be limited to:

(a)

informing the entity using the ENERGY STAR marks of ENERGY STAR Labelling Program requirements and the Guidelines for Proper Use of the ENERGY STAR Name and Common Logo;

and

(b)

encouraging the entity to become a Program Participant and register qualified products.

4.   Each Management Entity shall immediately notify the Management Entity of the other Party of any infringement of the ENERGY STAR marks of which it has knowledge as well as the action taken to end such infringement.

Article X

Procedures for amending the Agreement and for adding new Annexes

1.   Either Management Entity may propose an amendment to this Agreement and may propose new annexes to the Agreement.

2.   A proposed amendment shall be made in writing and shall be discussed at the next meeting of the Technical Commission, provided that it has been communicated to the other Management Entity at least sixty days in advance of such meeting.

3.   Amendments to this Agreement and decisions to add new annexes shall be made by mutual agreement of the Parties. Amendments to Annexes A, B, and C shall be made according to the provisions of Articles XI and XII.

Article XI

Procedures for amending Annexes A and B

1.   A Management Entity seeking to amend Annex A or Annex B shall follow the procedures set forth in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article X.

2.   Amendments to Annexes A and B shall be made by mutual agreement of the Management Entities.

Article XII

Procedures for amending Annex C

1.   A Management Entity seeking to amend Annex C to revise existing Specifications, or to add a new product type (‘Proposing Management Entity’) shall follow the procedures set forth in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article X, and shall include in its proposal:

(a)

a demonstration that significant energy savings would result from revising the Specifications or adding the new product type;

(b)

as appropriate, energy consumption requirements for various power consumption modes;

(c)

information on the standardised testing protocols to be used in evaluating the product;

(d)

evidence of existing non-proprietary technology that would make possible cost-effective energy savings without negatively affecting product performance;

(e)

information on the estimated number of product models that would meet the proposed specification and approximate market share represented;

(f)

information on the views of industry groups potentially affected by the proposed amendment;

and

(g)

a proposed effective date for the new Specifications, taking into consideration product life cycles and production schedules.

2.   Proposed amendments that are accepted by both Management Entities shall enter into force on a date mutually agreed by the Management Entities.

3.   If, after receipt of a proposal made in accordance with paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article X, the other Management Entity (‘Objecting Management Entity’) is of the view that the proposal does not meet the requirements specified in Paragraph 1 above or otherwise objects to the proposal it shall promptly (normally by the next Technical Commission Meeting) notify the Proposing Management Entity in writing of its objection and shall include any available information supporting its objection; for example, information demonstrating that the proposal, if adopted, would likely:

(a)

disproportionately and unfairly confer market power on one company or industry group;

(b)

undermine overall industry participation in the ENERGY STAR labelling program;

(c)

conflict with its laws and regulations;

or

(d)

impose burdensome technical requirements.

4.   The Management Entities shall make best efforts to reach agreement on the proposed amendment at the first meeting of the Technical Commission following the proposal. If the Management Entities are unable to reach agreement on the proposed amendment at this Technical Commission meeting, they shall seek to reach agreement in writing prior to the subsequent Technical Commission meeting.

5.   If, by the end of the subsequent Technical Commission meeting, the Parties are unable to reach agreement, the Proposing Management Entity shall withdraw its proposal; and with respect to proposals to revise existing Specifications, the corresponding product type shall be removed from Annex C by the date agreed upon in writing by the Management Entities. All Program Participants shall be informed of this change and of the procedures to be followed to implement this change.

6.   When preparing new Common Specifications or revising existing Common Specifications, the Management Entities shall ensure effective coordination and consultation among themselves and with their respective stakeholders, particularly with regard to the content of the working documents and timelines.

Article XIII

General provisions

1.   Other environmental labelling programs are not covered by this Agreement and may be developed and adopted by either of the Parties.

2.   All activities undertaken under this Agreement shall be subject to the applicable laws and regulations of each Party and to the availability of appropriated funds and resources.

3.   Nothing in this Agreement shall affect the rights and obligations of any Party deriving from a bilateral, regional or multilateral agreement into which it has entered prior to the entry into force of this Agreement.

4.   Without prejudice to any other provisions of this Agreement, either Management Entity may run labelling programs with respect to product types not included in Annex C. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Agreement, neither Party shall hinder the import, export, sale or distribution of any product because it bears the energy-efficiency marks of the Management Entity of the other Party.

Article XIV

Entry into force and duration

1.   This Agreement shall enter into force on the date upon which each Party has notified the other in writing that its respective internal procedures necessary for its entry into force have been completed.

2.   This Agreement shall remain in force for a period of five years. At least one year prior to the end of this period, the Parties shall meet to discuss renewal of this Agreement.

Article XV

Termination

1.   Either Party may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing three months written notice to the other Party.

2.   In the event of termination or non-renewal of this Agreement, the Management Entities shall inform all Program Participants which they have registered of the termination of the joint program. Moreover, Management Entities shall inform the Program Participants which they have registered that each Management Entity may continue the labelling activities under two separate individual programs. In this case, the European Community labelling program will not use the ENERGY STAR marks. The Commission shall ensure that itself, the Member States of the European Community and any Program Participants which it has registered cease using the ENERGY STAR marks by the date agreed upon in writing by the Management Entities. The obligations contained in this Article XV (2) shall survive the termination of this Agreement.

Article XVI

Authentic languages

Done in duplicate at Washington D.C. on the twentieth day of December in the year two thousand and six in the Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Slovakian, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish, languages, each of these versions being equally authentic. In case of difficulties concerning interpretation, English shall prevail.

Por la Comunidad Europea

Za Evropské společenství

For Det Europæiske Fællesskab

Für die Europäische Gemeinschaft

Euroopa Ühenduse nimel

Για την Ευρωπαϊκή Κοινότητα

For the European Community

Pour la Communauté européenne

Per la Comunità europea

Eiropas Kopienas vārdā

Europos bendrijos vardu

az Európai Közösség részéről

Għall-Komunità Ewropea

Voor de Europese Gemeenschap

W imieniu Wspólnoty Europejskiej

Pela Comunidade Europeia

Za Európske spoločenstvo

Za Evropsko skupnost

Euroopan yhteisön puolesta

För Europeiska gemenskapens vägnar

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Por el Gobierno de los Estados Unidos de América

Za vládu Spojených států amerických

For regeringen for Amerikas Forenede Stater

Für die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika

Ameerika Ühendriikide valitsuse nimel

Για την Κυβερνηση των Ηνωμενων Πολιτειων τησ Αμερικησ

For the Government of the United States of America

Pour le gouvernement des États-Unis d'Amérique

Per il governo degli Stati Uniti d'America

Amerikas Savienoto Valstu valdības vārdā

Jungtinių Amerikos Valstijų vyriausybės vardu

az Amerikai Egyesült Államok kormánya részéről

Għall-Gvern ta' l-Istati Uniti ta' l-Amerika

Voor de regering van Verenigde Staten van Amerika

W imieniu rządu Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki

Pelo governo Estados Unidos da América

Za vládu Spojené štáty americké

Za vlado Združene države Amerike

Amerikan yhdysvaltojen hallituksen puolesta

För Amerikas förenta staters regering

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ANNEX A

ENERGY STAR NAME AND COMMON LOGO

Name: ENERGY STAR

Common logo:

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ANNEX B

Guidelines for proper use of the Energy Star name and common logo

The ENERGY STAR name and Common logo are marks of the U.S. EPA. As such, the name and Common logo may only be used in accordance with the following guidelines and the Partnership Agreement or the European Commission Registration Form signed by Program Participants in the ENERGY STAR labelling program. Please distribute these guidelines to those who will be responsible for preparing ENERGY STAR materials on your behalf.

U.S. EPA, and the European Commission, in the European Community Member States Territory oversee proper use of the ENERGY STAR name and Common logo. This includes monitoring the use of the marks in the marketplace, and directly contacting those organisations that are using them improperly or without authorisation. Consequences of misusing the marks may include the termination of the Program Participant's participation in the ENERGY STAR labelling program, and, for products imported into the U.S. improperly using the marks, the possible seizure by the U.S. Customs Services of those goods.

General Guidelines

The ENERGY STAR Program is a partnership between businesses and organisations on one side and the US Federal government or the European Community on the other side. As part of this partnership, businesses and organisations can use the ENERGY STAR name and Common logo, as part of their energy efficiency and environmental activities.

Organisations must enter into an agreement with a management entity – the Environmental Protection Agency for the US or the European Commission for the EU– to use the marks as provided in this document. Alterations to these marks are not allowed as the alterations would confuse businesses and consumers about the source of the ENERGY STAR program and reduce its value for all.

Organisations using these marks must abide by the following general guidelines:

1.

The ENERGY STAR name and Common Logo may never be used in any manner that would imply endorsement of a company, its products, or its services. Neither the Common Logo nor the ENERGY STAR name may be used in any other company name or logo, product name, service name, domain name, or Web site title, nor may the Common Logo, the ENERGY STAR name, or any similar mark be applied for as a trademark, or as part of a trademark by any entity other than the U.S. EPA.

2.

The ENERGY STAR name and Common Logo may never be used in a manner that would disparage ENERGY STAR, EPA, the Department of Energy, the European Community, the European Commission, or any other government body.

3.

The Common Logo may never be associated with products that do not qualify as ENERGY STAR.

4.

Partners and other authorised organisations are responsible for their own use of the ENERGY STAR name and Common Logo, as well as use by their representatives, such as ad agencies and implementation contractors.

Using the ENERGY STAR Name

The ENERGY STAR name should always appear in capital letters;

The registration symbol ® must be used with the first time the words ‘ENERGY STAR’ appear in material for the U.S. market;

and

The ® symbol should always be in superscript;

There shall be no space between the words ‘ENERGY STAR’ and the ® symbol;

The ® symbol shall be repeated in a document for each chapter title or Web page.

Using the Common Logo

The Common Logo is a mark to be used as a label only on those products that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR performance guidelines.

Uses of the Common Logo include:

On a qualifying and registered product;

In product literature for a qualifying product;

On the Web to identify a qualifying product;

In advertising where it is used near to or on a qualifying product;

On Point of Purchase materials;

On qualifying product packaging.

Appearance of the Common Logo

US EPA created this mark to maximise the visual impression of the mark and for contrast and legibility. The mark includes the ENERGY STAR symbol in a block with the ENERGY STAR name in a block directly below to reinforce the legibility of the symbol. The two blocks are separated by a white rule equal in thickness to the arc within the symbol. The mark also has a white key line around it that is also equal in thickness to the arc within the symbol.

Clear Space

US EPA and the EU Commission require that a clear space of .333 (1/3) the height of the graphic box within the mark surround the mark at all times. No other graphic elements, such as text and images can appear in this area. US EPA and the EU Commission require this clear space since the Common logo frequently appears on materials using complex imagery such as other marks, graphic devices, and text.

Minimum Size

The mark may be resized, but the proportions must be maintained. For legibility, we recommend that the mark not be reproduced smaller in width than .375 inch (3/8″; 9.5 mm) for print. Lettering legibility inside the mark must be maintained on the Web.

Preferred Colour

The preferred colour for the mark is 100 % Cyan. Alternate versions in black or reversed out to white are allowed. The Web colour equivalent of 100 % Cyan is hex colour #0099FF. If multicolour printing is available for advertising, product literature, or point of purchase materials the mark should be printed in 100 % Cyan. If this colour is not available, then black can be substituted.

Incorrect Uses of the Mark

Please:

Do not use the mark on non-qualifying products.

Do not alter the mark by using the ENERGY STAR symbol block without the block containing the name ‘ENERGY STAR’.

When reproducing the mark please:

Do not make the mark an outline.

Do not use a white mark on a white background.

Do not change the colours of the mark.

Do not distort the mark in any way.

Do not alter the lock up of the mark.

Do not place the mark on a busy image.

Do not rotate the mark.

Do not separate any of the mark's elements.

Do not substitute any part of the mark.

Do not use any other typeface to replace part of the mark.

Do not violate the clear space of the mark.

Do not skew the mark.

Do not change the size of the mark lock up.

Do not replace the approved wording.

Do not use the Common logo in an unapproved colour.

Do not let text run into the mark.

Do not use the symbol block alone. The ENERGY STAR name must appear as well.

Do not delete the symbol block from the mark.

Writing and Talking About ENERGY STAR

To maintain and build the value of ENERGY STAR, U.S. EPA and the EU Commission recommend terminology to use when writing and talking about elements of the program.

CORRECT

INCORRECT

ENERGY STAR qualified computer

ENERGY STAR compliant computer

ENERGY STAR certified computer

ENERGY STAR rated computer

Computer that has earned the ENERGY STAR

 

Products that have earned the ENERGY STAR

ENERGY STAR product

ENERGY STAR products (referring to a suite of products)

ENERGY STAR equipment

Endorsed by US EPA

Meeting ENERGY STAR standards

PARTNERS/PROGRAM PARTICPANTS

An ENERGY STAR Partner

An ENERGY STAR company

Company X, an ENERGY STAR Partner

Company X, a company endorsed by US EPA

A company participating in ENERGY STAR

A US EPA approved seller of ENERGY STAR equipment

A company promoting ENERGY STAR

Endorsed by US EPA

ENERGY STAR qualified monitors

ENERGY STAR Monitor Program

GOVERNMENT SOURCE OF AUTHORITY

Products that earn the ENERGY STAR prevent greenhouse gas emissions by meeting strict energy efficiency guidelines set by the US EPA and the EU Commission

 

ENERGY STAR and the ENERGY STAR mark are registered US marks

 

ENERGY STAR is a registered mark owned by the US government

 

PERFORMANCE GUIDELINES

 

ENERGY STAR guidelines

ENERGY STAR Standards

ENERGY STAR specifications

US EPA-approved

ENERGY STAR performance levels

US EPA-endorsed

Voluntary programs

Received an endorsement by US EPA

Questions Regarding the Use of the ENERGY STAR Name and Common Logo

ENERGY STAR Hotline

In the U.S. call toll-free:1-888-STAR-YES (1-888-782–7937)

Outside the U.S. Call: 202-775–6650

Fax: 202-775–6680

www.energystar.gov

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Directorate-General Energy and Transport

Phone: +32 2 2985792

Fax: +32 2 2966016

www.eu-energystar.org

ANNEX C

COMMON SPECIFICATIONS

I.   COMPUTER SPECIFICATIONS

The following Computer Specifications shall be applicable through 19 July 2007. See Section VIII for the Computer Specifications that shall be applicable as of 20 July 2007.

A.   Definitions

1.

Computer: A desktop, tower or mini-tower, or portable unit, including high-end desktop computers, personal computers, workstations, network computer desktops, X terminal controllers, and computer-based point-of-sale retail terminals. To qualify, the unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet, but this does not preclude units that are capable of being powered from a wall outlet and also from a battery. This definition is intended primarily to cover computers sold for use in businesses or homes. This definition of a computer does not include computers sold or otherwise marketed as ‘File Server’ or ‘Server’.

2.

Monitor: A cathode-ray tube (CRT), flat panel display (e.g. a liquid crystal display) or other display device and its associated electronics. A monitor may be sold separately or integrated into the computer chassis. This definition is intended primarily to cover standard monitors designed for use with computers. For purposes of this specification, however, the following may also be considered a monitor: mainframe terminals, and physically separate display units.

3.

Integrated computer system: Systems in which the computer and visual display monitor are combined into a single unit. Such systems must meet all of the following criteria: it is not possible to measure the power consumption of the two components separately; and the system is connected to the wall outlet through a single power cable.

4.

Inactivity: A period of time during which a computer does not encounter any user input (e.g. keyboard input or mouse movement).

5.

Low-power or ‘sleep’ mode: The reduced power state that the computer enters after a period of inactivity.

6.

Wake events: A user, programmed, or external event or stimulus that causes the computer to transition from its low-power/.sleep. mode to its active mode of operation. Examples of wake events include, but are not limited to, movement of the mouse, keyboard activity or a button press on the chassis and, in the case of external events, stimulus conveyed via a telephone, remote control, network, cable modem, satellite, etc.

B.   Product qualification for ENERGY STAR

1.

Technical specifications

(a)

Computers: An ENERGY STAR qualified computer shall satisfy the following conditions:

There are two guidelines – A and B – under which a computer can be qualified as ENERGY STAR. The two guidelines have been developed to provide Program Participants with the freedom to approach power management and energy efficiency in different ways.

The following types of computers must be qualified under Guideline A.

Computers that are shipped with the capability to be on networks such that they can remain in their low-power/sleep mode while their network interface adapter retains the ability to respond to network queries.

Computers that are not shipped with a network interface capability.

Computers shipped to a non-networked environment.

EPA expects computers sold or otherwise marketed as personal computers to be qualified under Guideline A only.

Computers that are shipped with the capability to be on networks that currently require the computer's processor and/or memory to be involved in maintaining its network connection while in sleep mode can be qualified under Guideline B. Computers qualifying under Guideline B are expected to maintain identical network functionality in and out of sleep mode.

(i)

Guideline A

(a)

The computer shall enter a sleep mode after a period of inactivity.

(b)

If the computer is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall have the ability to enter a sleep mode while on the network.

(c)

If the computer is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall retain in sleep mode its ability to respond to wake events directed or targeted to the computer while on a network. If the wake event requires the computer to exit the sleep mode and perform a task, the computer shall re-enter its sleep mode after a period of inactivity after the completion of the task requested. Program Participant may use any means available to achieve the behaviour described in this subsection.

(d)

The computer shall consume power in the sleep mode according to Table 1.

Table 1

Maximum continuous power rating of power supply (1)

Watts in sleep mode

≤200 W

≤15 W

>200 W≤300 W

≤20 W

>300 W≤350 W

≤25 W

>350 W≤400 W

≤30 W

>400 W

10 % of the maximum continuous output rating

Computers that always maintain a level of power consumption of 15 watts or less comply with the power consumption requirements of this Specification, and are not required to incorporate the sleep mode described in Section A.

(ii)

Guideline B

(a)

The computer shall enter a sleep mode after a period of inactivity.

(b)

If the computer is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall have the ability to enter a sleep mode irrespective of the network technology.

(c)

The computer shall retain in sleep mode its ability to respond to all types of network requests. There shall be no loss in network functionality available to the user (e.g. the network functionality available to the user during the sleep mode shall be the same as that was available before the computer entered the sleep mode).

(d)

The computer shall consume in the sleep mode, no more than 15 % of the maximum continuous power rating of its power supply.

(b)

Integrated Computer Systems: An ENERGY STAR qualified integrated computer system shall satisfy the following conditions.

(i)

The integrated computer system shall enter a sleep mode after a period of inactivity.

(ii)

If the integrated computer system is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall have the ability to enter a sleep mode while on the network.

(iii)

If the integrated computer system is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall retain in sleep mode its ability to respond to wake events directed or targeted to the computer while on a network. If the wake event requires the computer to exit the sleep mode and perform a task, the integrated computer system shall re-enter its sleep mode after a period of inactivity after the completion of the task requested.

Program Participant may use any means available to achieve the behaviour described in this subsection.

(iv)

An integrated computer system shall consume no more than 35 watts in the sleep mode. Integrated computer systems that always maintain a level of power consumption less than or equal to 35 watts comply with the power consumption requirements of this Agreement and are not required to incorporate the sleep mode described in Section I.A.

2.

Shipment Settings: In order to ensure that the maximum number of users take advantage of the low-power/‘sleep’ state, Program Participant shall ship its computers and/or integrated computer systems with the power management feature enabled. The default time for all products shall be pre-set for less than 30 minutes. (EPA recommends that the pre-set time be set between 15 and 30 minutes). The user shall have the ability to change the time settings or disable the sleep/low-power mode.

3.

Operating Systems: The proper activation of a computer's low-power/‘sleep’ mode is typically contingent upon the installation and use of a particular version of an operating system. If a computer is shipped from the Program Participant with one or more operating systems, the computer shall be capable of entering and fully recovering from the low-power/‘sleep’ sleep mode while running in at least one of those operating systems. If the computer is not shipped with operating system software, the Program Participant shall clearly specify which mechanism will render the computer ENERGY STAR qualified. In addition, if any special software, hardware drivers, or utilities are necessary for the proper activation and recovery of the sleep mode, they must be installed in the computer. The Program Participant shall include this information in product literature (e.g. user's manual or data sheets) and/or on its Internet website. Brochures and advertisements shall be worded to avoid misleading statements.

4.

Monitor Control: The computer shall include one or more mechanisms through which it can activate the low-power modes of an ENERGY STAR qualified monitor. Program Participant shall clearly specify in product literature the manner in which its computer can control ENERGY STAR qualified monitors, and any special circumstances that must exist in order for monitor power management to be accomplished. Program Participant shall set the computer's default to activate the monitor's first low-power or sleep mode within 30 minutes of user inactivity. Program Participant shall also set the default time for the next level of power management such that the monitor enters the second low-power or ‘deep sleep’ mode within 60 minutes of inactivity. The combined total of the default times for both low-power modes shall not exceed 60 minutes. Program Participant can choose to set the computer to activate the monitor to enter the second low-power or ‘deep sleep’ mode directly within 30 minutes of inactivity.

The user shall have the ability to change the time settings or disable the low-power modes for the monitor control. This monitor control requirement does not apply to integrated computer systems. However, integrated computer systems that are marketed and sold as part of a docking system shall have the capability to automatically control the power of an externally connected monitor.

C.   Test Guidelines for ENERGY STAR Qualified Computers

1.

Test Conditions: Outlined below are the ambient test conditions which should be established when performing the power measurement. These are necessary in order to ensure that outside factors do not affect the test results, and that test results can be reproduced later.

Line Impedance: < 0.25 ohm

Total Harmonic Distortion: < 5 %

Voltage:

Input AC Voltage (2): 115 VAC RMS ± 5 V RMS

Input AC Frequency (3): 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

Ambient Temperature: 25 deg. C ± 3 deg. C

2.

Testing Equipment: The goal is to accurately measure the TRUE power consumption (4) of the device or monitor. This necessitates the use of a True RMS Watt-Meter. There are many watt-meters to choose from, but manufacturers will need to exercise care in selecting an appropriate model. The following factors should be considered when purchasing a meter and setting up the actual test.

Crest Factor:

A previous version of the ENERGY STAR testing procedure included a requirement that manufacturers utilise a watt-meter with a crest factor greater than 8. As many Program Participants pointed out, this is not a useful or relevant requirement. The following paragraphs are meant to discuss the issues relating to crest factor and to clarify the intent of the initial incorrect statement. Unfortunately, in order to remedy the error, the ENERGY STAR program cannot provide a specific equipment requirement. Testing is as much art as it is science, and manufacturers and testers will have to exercise judgement, and draw on people well versed in testing issues, to select an appropriate meter.

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To begin, it is important to understanding that devices which contain switching power supplies draw current in a waveform different from typical sinusoidal current (5). Figure 1 shows the typical current waveform for a typical switched electronic device. While virtually any watt-meter can measure a standard current waveform, it is more difficult to select a watt meter when irregular current waveforms are involved.

It is critical that the watt-meter selected be capable of reading the current drawn by the device without causing internal peak distortion (i.e., clipping off the top of the current wave). This requires a review of the meter's crest factor (6), and of the current ranges available on the meter. Better meters will have higher crest factors, and more choices of current ranges.

When preparing the test, the first step should be to determine the peak current (amps) associated with the device being measured. This can be accomplished using an oscilloscope. Then a current range must be selected that will enable the meter to register the peak current. Specifically, the full scale value of the current range selected multiplied by the crest factor of the meter (for current) must be greater than the peak current reading from the oscilloscope. For example, if a watt meter has a crest factor of 4, and the current range is set on 3 amps, the meter can register current spikes of up to 12 amps. If measured peak current is only 6 amps, the meter would be satisfactory. The other concern to be aware of is that if the current range is set too high in order to register peak current, it may lose accuracy in measuring the non-peak current. Therefore, some delicate balancing is necessary. Again, with more current range choices and higher crest factors you will get better results.

Frequency Response:

Another issue to consider when selecting a watt-meter is the frequency response rating of the meter. Electronic equipment that contains switching power supplies causes harmonics (odd harmonics typically up to the 21st). These harmonics must be accounted for in power measurement, or the Wattage consumption will be inaccurate. Accordingly, ENERGY STAR recommends that manufacturers purchase watt-meters that have a frequency response of at least 3 kHz. This will account for harmonics up to the 50th, and is recommended by IEC 555.

Resolution:

Manufacturers will probably want a meter than can provide resolution of 0.1 W.

Accuracy:

Another feature to consider is the resulting accuracy you will be able to achieve. Catalogues and specification sheets for watt-meters typically provide information on the accuracy of power readings that can be achieved at different range settings. If you are measuring a product that is very close to the maximum energy consumption for the mode being tested, you will need to set up a test that will provide greater accuracy.

Calibration:

Watt meters should be calibrated every year to maintain their accuracy.

3.

Test Method: Manufacturers should measure the Average power consumption of the devices when in the off or low-power modes. This should be done by measuring the Energy consumption over a 1-hour period. The resulting energy consumption can be divided by 1 hour to calculate average Watts.

Power Measurement for Energy Saving Modes: This test should be conducted for each of the energy saving modes (e.g., low-power, off, standby, sleep) applicable to a particular device for ENERGY STAR qualification. Prior to the start of this test, the machine should have been plugged in to a live power line but turned off and stabilised at room ambient conditions for at least 12 hours. An appropriate watt-hour meter should be in line with the machine, ready to give an accurate indication of machine energy consumption without disruption of the power source. This measurement may be done sequentially with the off-mode power measurement; the two tests together should take no more than 14 hours to perform, including the time required for the machine to be plugged in and turned off.

Turn on the device, and let it go through its warm-up cycle. After the default time to the energy saving mode has passed, read and record the watt-hour meter indication and the time (or start the stopwatch or timer). After 1 hour, read and record the watt-hour indication again. The difference between the two readings of the watt-hour meter is the low-power mode energy use; divide by 1 hour to obtain the average power rating.

II.   COMPUTER MONITOR SPECIFICATIONS

A.   Definitions

1.

Computer Monitor (also referred to as ‘Monitor’): A commercially-available, electronic product with a display screen and its associated electronics encased in a single housing that is capable of displaying output information from a computer via one or more inputs, such as VGA, DVI, and/or IEEE 1394. The monitor usually relies upon a cathode-ray tube (CRT), liquid crystal display (LCD), or other display device. This definition is intended primarily to cover standard monitors designed for use with computers. To qualify, the computer monitor must have a viewable diagonal screen size greater than 12 inches and must be capable of being powered by a separate AC wall outlet or a battery unit that is sold with an AC adapter. Computer monitors with a tuner/receiver may qualify as Energy Star under this specification as long as they are marketed and sold to consumers as computer monitors (i.e., focusing on computer monitor as the primary function) or as dual function computer monitors and televisions. However, products with a tuner/receiver and computer capability that are marketed and sold as televisions are not included in this specification.

2.

On Mode/Active Power: The product is connected to a power source and produces an image. The power requirement in this mode is typically greater than the power requirement in Sleep and Off Modes.

3.

Sleep Mode/Low Power: The reduced power state that the computer monitor enters after receiving instructions from a computer or via other functions. A blank screen and reduction in power consumption characterise this mode. The computer monitor returns to On Mode with full operational capability upon sensing a request from a user/computer (e.g., user moves the mouse or presses a key on the keyboard).

4.

Off Mode/Standby Power: The lowest power consumption mode which cannot be switched off (influenced) by the user and that may persist for an indefinite time when a computer monitor is connected to the main electricity supply and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. For purposes of this specification, Off Mode is defined as the power state when the product is connected to a power source, produces no images, and is waiting to be switched to On Mode by a direct signal from a user/computer (e.g., user pushes power switch) (7).

5.

Hard Off Mode: A condition where the product is still plugged into the mains, but has been disconnected from an external power source. This mode is usually engaged by the consumer via a ‘hard off switch.’ While in this mode, a product will not draw any electricity and will usually measure 0 watts when metered.

6.

Disconnect: The product has been unplugged from the mains and therefore is disconnected from all external power sources.

B.   Qualifying Products

In order to qualify as ENERGY STAR, a computer monitor model must meet the definition in Section A, and the specification requirements provided in Section II.C, below. As explained in Section II.A.1, this specification does not cover products with computer capability that are marketed and sold as televisions.

C.   Energy-Efficiency Specifications for Qualifying Products

Only those products listed in Section II.B that meet the following criteria may qualify as ENERGY STAR.

Widescreen Models: Widescreen (e.g., 16:9, 15:9, etc.) models are eligible to earn the ENERGY STAR, provided that they meet the energy-efficiency requirements in these specifications. There are no separate specifications for widescreen models and as such, they must comply with Sections II.C.1 and II.C.2, below.

1.

On Mode/Active Power: To qualify as ENERGY STAR, computer monitor models must not exceed the following maximum active power consumption equation: If X < 1 megapixel, then Y = 23; if X > 1 megapixel, then Y = 28X. Y is expressed in watts and rounded up to the nearest whole number and X is the number of megapixels in decimal form (e.g., 1 920 000 pixels = 1.92 megapixels). For example, the maximum power consumption for a computer monitor with 1 024 × 768 resolution (or .78 megapixels) would be Y = 23 watts and for a computer monitor with 1 600 × 1 200 resolution would be 28(1.92) = 53.76 or 54 watts when rounded up

To qualify a computer monitor as ENERGY STAR, it must be tested according to the protocol outlined in Section II.D, Test Methodology.

2.

Sleep and Off Modes

(a)

Maximum power consumption levels for Sleep and Off Modes are provided in Table 2 below. Computer monitors capable of multiple Sleep Modes (i.e., Sleep and Deep Sleep) shall meet the Sleep Mode requirement below in all such modes. For example, a computer monitor tested at 4 watts in Sleep and 2 watts in Deep Sleep would not qualify because one of the Sleep Modes exceeds 2 watts.

(b)

Sleep Mode Exception: Computer monitors that have the capability to proceed automatically from On Mode/Active Power to an Off Mode/Standby Power of 1 watt or less comply with these energy consumption requirements. The computer monitor's Off Mode/Standby Power must be activated within 30 minutes of user inactivity or as otherwise defined in future versions of the Computer Specification. Upon resumption of user activity (e.g., user moves the mouse or presses a key on the keyboard), the computer monitor must return to full operational capability. In other words, a Sleep Mode is not necessary if the computer monitor can proceed from On Mode/Active Power to Off Mode/Standby Power and meet the ENERGY STAR requirements in the Off Mode/Standby Power.

Table 2

Energy-Efficiency Criteria for Sleep and Off Modes

Sleep Mode

≤ 2 watts

Off Mode

≤ 1 watt

(c)

Sleep Mode Enabling: Energy savings from the computer monitor's Sleep Mode can only be achieved if this power-saving mode is enabled. Enabling and default times are driven by the computer; where feasible (e.g., where monitor manufacturer has a business relationship with specific computer manufacturers or where monitor manufacturer also sells its own computers or bundled products), monitor manufacturer should ensure that ENERGY STAR qualified computer monitors have their Sleep Modes enabled when shipped to the customer. Further, the computer shall activate the computer monitor's Sleep Mode within 30 minutes of user inactivity or as otherwise defined. If a computer monitor has the capability to proceed automatically from On Mode/Active Power to Off Mode/Standby Power, then, consistent with the Sleep Mode requirements, the computer monitor's Off Mode/Standby Power must be activated within 30 minutes of user inactivity or as otherwise defined.

D.   Test Methodology

Product Testing Set-up, Methodology, and Documentation: The testing and measurement methods below reference published specifications from the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA) Display Metrology Committee and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and supplement those guidelines where necessary with methods developed in cooperation with the computer monitor industry.

Manufacturers are required to perform tests and self-certify those product models that meet the ENERGY STAR guidelines. Families of computer monitor models that are built on the same chassis and are identical in every respect but housing and colour may be qualified through submission of test data for a single, representative model. Likewise, models that are unchanged or that differ only in finish from those sold in a previous year may remain qualified without the submission of new test data, assuming the specification remains unchanged.

The power requirement shall be measured from the outlet or power source to the product under test. The average true power consumption of the computer monitor shall be measured during the On Mode/Active Power, the Sleep Mode/Low Power, and the Off Mode/Standby Power. When performing measurements to self-certify a product model, the product being tested must initially be in the same condition (e.g., configuration and settings) as when shipped to the customer, unless adjustments need to be made pursuant to instructions below.

To ensure a consistent means for measuring the power consumption of electronics products, the following protocol must be followed, which has three main components:

Product Testing Set-up and Conditions: Outlined below in Sections 1(a) through (h) are the ambient test conditions and measurement protocols that must be respected when performing power measurements.

Product Testing Methodology: The actual test steps for measuring power in On Mode/Active Power, Sleep Mode/Low Power, and Off Mode/Standby Power are provided in Section 2(a), below.

Product Testing Documentation: Documentation requirements for submittal of qualified product data are detailed in Section 3, below.

This protocol ensures that outside factors do not adversely affect the test results and that the test results can be consistently reproduced. Manufacturers may elect to use an in-house or independent laboratory to provide the test results.

1.

Product Testing Set-up and Conditions

(a)

Test Conditions: General Criteria

Supply Voltage (8):

Europe:

230 (±1 %) Volts AC, 50 Hz (±1 %)

North America:

115 (±1 %) Volts AC, 60 Hz (±1 %)

Australia/New Zealand:

230 (±1 %) Volts AC, 50 Hz (±1 %)

Japan:

100 (±1 %) Volts AC, 50 Hz (±1 %)/60 Hz (±1 %)

Total Harmonic Distortion (Voltage):

< 2 % THD

Ambient Temperature:

20 °C ± 5 °C

Relative Humidity:

30 – 80 %

Line Impedance:

< 0.25 ohm

(Reference IEC 62301: Household Electrical Appliances – Measurement of Standby Power, Sections 3.2, 3.3 and VESA Flat Panel Display Measurements (FPDM) Standard 2.0, Section 301-2)

(b)

Dark Room Conditions: When performing light measurements, the computer monitor shall be located in a dark room condition. The computer monitor screen illuminance measurement (E), when in Off Mode/Standby Power, must be 1.0 Lux or less. Measurements should be made at a point perpendicular to the centre of the screen using a Light Measuring Device (LMD) with the computer monitor in Off Mode/Standby Power (Reference VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 301-2F).

(c)

Colour Controls and Peripherals: All colour controls (hue, saturation, gamma, etc.) shall be placed at their factory default settings. No external devices shall be connected to any included Universal Serial Bus (USB) hubs or ports. Any built-in speakers, TV tuners, etc. may be placed in their minimum power configuration, as adjustable by the user, to minimise power use not associated with the display itself. Circuit removal or other actions not under user control may not be taken to minimise power use.

(d)

Power Measurement Test Conditions: CRT pixel format shall be set at the preferred pixel format with the highest resolution that is intended to be driven at a 75 Hz refresh rate. A VESA Discrete Monitor Timing (DMT) or newer industry standard pixel format timing must be used for the test. The CRT monitor must be capable of meeting all its manufacturer-stated quality specifications in the tested format. For LCDs and other fixed pixel technologies, pixel format shall be set to the native level. LCD refresh rate shall be set to 60 Hz, unless a different refresh rate is specifically recommended by the manufacturer, in which case that rate shall be used.

(e)

Power Measurement Protocols: Computer monitor power consumption shall be measured in watts with an imposed test pattern. Warm-up time shall be a minimum of a 20-minute period (Reference VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 301-2D or 305-3 for warm-up test). A true RMS power meter with a crest factor of at least five shall be used to measure the power use of each randomly chosen unit at one or more, as appropriate, of the voltage/frequency combinations provided in Section II.D.1(a) (Reference VESA Standard: Display Specifications and Measurement Procedures, Version 1.0, Revision 1.0, Section 8.1.3). Measurements shall be taken after wattage values are stable over a three-minute period. Measurements are considered stable if the wattage reading does not vary more than 1 % over the three-minute period (Reference IEC 4.3.1). (Manufacturers shall ignore the input sync signal check cycle when metering the model in Sleep Mode/Low Power and Off Mode/Standby Power.) Manufacturers shall use calibrated measuring equipment capable of measurements accurate to one-tenth of a watt or better.

Borrowing from European Norm 50301 (Reference BSI 03-2001, BS EN 50301:2001, Methods of Measurement for the Power Consumption of Audio, Video, and Related Equipment, Annex A), EPA has established a test procedure where the number of units required for test depends on the test results for the first unit. For the purposes of ENERGY STAR, if a tested computer monitor uses at least 15 % less power (i.e., greater than or equal to 15 %) than the ENERGY STAR specification in all three operating modes (On Mode/Active Power, Sleep Mode/Low Power, and Off Mode/Standby Power), then it only has to be tested once. However, if a tested computer monitor is within 15 % (i.e., less than 15 %) of the ENERGY STAR specification in any of the three operating modes, then two more units have to be tested. None of the test values may exceed the ENERGY STAR specification for the model to qualify as ENERGY STAR. All of the test results as well as the average values (based on the three or more data points) must be reported on an ENERGY STAR Qualifying Product Information (QPI) form.

The following example further illustrates this approach:

Example: For simplicity, assume the specification is 100 watts or less and only applies to one operational mode. 85 watts would represent the 15 % threshold.If the first unit is measured at 80 watts, no more testing is needed and the model qualifies (80 watts is at least 15 % more efficient than the specification and is ‘outside’ the 15 % threshold).If the first unit is measured at 85 watts, no more testing is needed and the model qualifies (85 watts is exactly 15 % more efficient than the specification).If the first unit is measured at 90 watts, then two more units must be tested to determine qualification (90 watts is only 10 % more efficient than the specification and is ‘within’ the 15 % threshold).If three units are tested at 90, 98, and 105 watts, the model does not qualify as ENERGY STAR–even though the average is 98 watts– because one of the values (105) exceeds the ENERGY STAR specification.

(f)

Luminance Test Patterns and Procedures: For CRT monitors, the technician shall initiate the AT01P (Alignment Target 01 Positive Mode) pattern (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, A112-2F, AT01P) for screen size and use it to set the computer monitor to the manufacturer's recommended image size, which is typically slightly smaller than maximum viewable screen size. Then, test pattern (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, A112-2F, SET01K) shall be displayed that provides eight shades of grey from full black (0 volts) to full white (0.7 volts) (9). Input signal levels shall conform to VESA Video Signal Standard (VSIS), Version 1.0, Rev. 2.0, December 2002. The technician shall adjust (where feasible) the computer monitor brightness control downward from its maximum until the lowest black bar luminance level is just slightly visible (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 301-3K). The technician shall then display a test pattern (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, A112-2H, L80) that provides a full white (0.7 volts) box that occupies 80 % of the image. The technician shall then adjust the contrast control until the white area of the screen provides at least 100 candelas per square meter of luminance, measured according to VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 302-1.

For all Fixed Pixel displays (e.g., LCDs and others), test pattern (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, A112-2F, SET01K) shall be displayed that provides eight shades of grey from full black (0 volts) to full white (0.7 volts).2 Input signal levels shall conform to VESA Video Signal Standard (VSIS), Version 1.0, Rev. 2.0, December 2002. With the brightness and contrast controls at maximum, the technician shall check that, at a minimum, the white and near white grey levels can be distinguished. If white and near white grey levels cannot be distinguished, then contrast shall be adjusted until they can be distinguished. The technician shall next display a test pattern (VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, A112-2H, L80) that provides a full white (0.7 volts) box that occupies 80 % of the image. The technician shall then adjust the brightness control until the white area of the screen provides at least 175 candelas per square meter of luminance, measured according to VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 302-1. [If computer monitor's maximum luminance is less than 175 candelas per square meter (e.g., 150), then technician shall use the maximum luminance (e.g., 150) and report the value to EPA with other required testing documentation. Similarly, if the computer monitor's minimum luminance is greater than 175 candelas per square meter (e.g., 200), then technician shall use the minimum luminance (e.g., 200) and report the value on the ENERGY STAR QPI form.

(g)

Light Measurement Protocols: When light measurements, such as illuminance and luminance, need to be made, a LMD shall be used with the computer monitor located in dark room conditions. The LMD shall be used to make measurements at the centre of, and perpendicular to the computer monitor screen (Reference VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Appendix A115). The screen surface area to be measured shall cover at least 500 pixels, unless this exceeds the equivalent of a rectangular area with sides of lengths equal to 10 % of the visible screen height and width (in which case this latter limit applies). However, in no case may the illuminated area be smaller than the area the LMD is measuring (Reference VESA FPDM Standard 2.0, Section 301-2H).

(h)

Display Set-up and Characterisation: The computer monitor test sample characteristics shall be recorded prior to the test. The following information shall be recorded at a minimum:

Product Description/Category (e.g., 17-inch computer monitor with white housing)

Display Technology (e.g., CRT, LCD, Plasma)

Brand Name/Manufacturer

Model Number

Serial Number

Rated Voltage (VAC) and Frequency (Hz)

Viewable Diagonal Size (inches)

Aspect Ratio (e.g., 4:3)

Recommended Image Size (actual size tested) Width X Height

Viewing Angle (horizontal and vertical degrees)

Screen Refresh Rate (during test) (Hz)

Number of Pixels as Tested (horizontal)

Number of Pixels as Tested (vertical)

Maximum Claimed Resolution (horizontal)

Maximum Claimed Resolution (vertical)

Analogue, Digital, or Both Interfaces

Instrumentation Information (e.g., type of signal generator)

2.

Product Testing Methodology

(a)

Test Method: Following are the test steps for measuring the true power requirements of the test unit in On Mode/Active Power, Sleep Mode/Low Power, and Off Mode/Standby Power. Manufacturers are required to test their computer monitors using the analogue interface, except in those cases where one is not provided (i.e., digital interface monitors, which are defined as only having a digital interface for purposes of this test method). For digital interface monitors, please see Footnote 8 for voltage information and then follow the test method below using a digital signal generator.

(i)

On Mode/Active Power

(a)

Connect the test sample to the outlet or power source and test equipment. For computer monitors shipped with an external power supply, the external power supply (as opposed to a reference power supply) must be used in the test.

(b)

Power on all test equipment and properly adjust power source voltage and frequency.

(c)

Check for normal operation of the test unit and leave all customer adjustments set to factory default settings.

(d)

Bring the test unit into On Mode/Active Power either by using the remote control device or by using the ON/OFF switch on the test unit cabinet. Allow the unit under test to reach operating temperature (approximately 20 minutes).

(e)

Set the proper display mode. Refer to Section II.D.1(d), Power Measurement Test Conditions.

(f)

Provide dark room conditions. See Sections II.D.1(g), Light Measurement Protocols, and B, Dark Room Conditions.

(g)

Set size and luminance. Refer to Section II.D.1(f), Luminance Test Patterns and Procedures for CRT or Fixed Pixel displays. Once luminance is set, dark room conditions are no longer needed.

(h)

Either verify that the wall outlet power is within specifications or adjust the AC power source output as described in Section II.D.1(a) (e.g., 115V ± 1 %, 60Hz ± 1 %).

(i)

Set the power meter current range. The full-scale value selected multiplied by the crest factor rating (Ipeak/Irms) of the meter must be greater than the peak current reading from the oscilloscope.

(j)

Allow the readings on the power meter to stabilise and then take the true power reading in watts from the power meter. Measurements are considered stable if the wattage reading does not vary more than 1 % over the three-minute period. See Section II.D.1(e), Power Measurement Protocols.

(k)

Power consumption shall be recorded, as well as total pixel format (horizontal × vertical pixels displayed), to calculate pixels/watt.

(l)

Record the test conditions and test data.

(ii)

Sleep Mode/Low Power (Power Switch On, No Video Signal)

(a)

At the conclusion of the On Mode/Active Power test, initiate the computer monitor's Sleep Mode/Low Power. The method of adjustment shall be documented along with the sequence of events required to reach the Sleep Mode/Low Power. Power on all test equipment and properly adjust operation range.

(b)

Allow the computer monitor to remain in Sleep Mode/Low Power until stable power readings are measured. Measurements are considered stable if the wattage reading does not vary more than 1 % over the three-minute period. Manufacturers shall ignore the input sync signal check cycle when metering the model in Sleep Mode/Low Power.

(c)

Record the test conditions and test data. The measurement time shall be sufficiently long to measure the correct average value (i.e., not peak or instantaneous power). If the device has different Sleep Modes that can be manually selected, the measurement should be taken with the device in the most energy consumptive of those modes. If the modes are cycled through automatically, the measurement time should be long enough to obtain a true average that includes all modes.

(iii)

Off Mode/Standby Power (Power Switch Off)

(a)

At the conclusion of the Sleep Mode/Low Power test, initiate the computer monitor's Off Mode/Standby Power. If only one power switch is provided (i.e., a soft off or a hard off), press that switch; if two power switches are provided (i.e., a soft off AND a hard off), press the soft off switch. The method of adjustment shall be documented along with the sequence of events required to reach the Off Mode/Standby Power. Power on all test equipment and properly adjust operation range.

(b)

Allow the computer monitor to remain in Off Mode/Standby Power until stable power readings are measured. Measurements are considered stable if the wattage reading does not vary more than 1 % over the three-minute period. Manufacturers shall ignore the input sync signal check cycle when metering the model in Off Mode/Standby Power.

(c)

Record the test conditions and test data. The measurement time shall be sufficiently long to measure the correct average value (i.e., not peak or instantaneous power).

3.

Product Testing Documentation

Submittal of Qualified Product Data: Partners are required to self-certify those product models that meet the Energy Star guidelines and report information on an ENERGY STAR QPI form. ENERGY STAR qualifying product data, including information about new as well as discontinued models, must be provided on an annual basis, or more frequently if desired by the manufacturer.

E.   User Interface

Manufacturers are strongly recommended to design products in accordance with the user interface standards being developed by the Power Management Controls project to make power controls more consistent and intuitive across all electronic devices. For details on this project, see http://eetd.LBL.gov/Controls.

III.   PRINTER, FAX MACHINE, AND MAILING MACHINE SPECIFICATIONS

The following Printer, Fax Machine, and Mailing Machine Specifications shall be applicable until 31 March 2007.

A.   Definitions

1.

Printer: Imaging equipment, manufactured as a standard model, that serves as a hard-copy output device, and is capable of receiving information from single-user or networked computers. In addition, the unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet. This definition is intended to cover products that are advertised and sold as printers including printers that can be upgraded to a multifunction device (MFD) (10).

2.

Fax Machine: Imaging equipment, manufactured as a standard model, that serves as a hard copy output device whose primary function is sending and receiving information. Plain paper fax machines are covered under this Specification (e.g., ink jet/bubble jet, laser/LED, and thermal transfer). The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet. This definition is intended to cover products that are advertised and sold as fax machines.

3.

Combination Printer/Fax Machine: Imaging equipment manufactured as a standard model that serves as both a fully-functional printer and fax machine, as defined above. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed and sold as a combination printer/fax device.

4.

Mailing Machine: Imaging equipment that serves to print postage onto mail pieces. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet. This definition is intended to cover products that are advertised and sold as mailing machines.

5.

Print Speed: Pages per minute (ppm) measures the printing speed of a model. Print speed corresponds to the product's print speed as advertised by Program Participant. For Line Printers (e.g., dot matrix/impact printers), print speed is based on the method established in ISO 10561.

For wide format printers designed to handle primarily A2 or 17″ × 32″ paper or larger, the print speed is specified in terms of monochrome text output at the default resolution. The print speed measured as A2 or A0-sized prints per minute, shall be converted into A4-sized print speeds as follows: (a) One A2 print per minute is equivalent to four A4 prints per minute; (b) One A0 print per minute is equivalent to 16 A4 prints per minute.

For mailing machines, pages per minute (ppm) are considered equivalent to mail pieces per minute (ppm).

6.

Accessory: A piece of additional equipment that is not necessary for the standard operation of the base unit, but may be added before or after shipping in order to enhance or change printer performance. Examples of accessories include finishers, sorters, additional paper supply devices, and duplex units. An accessory may be sold separately under its own model number, or sold with a base unit as part of a printer.

7.

Active Mode: The condition (or mode) in which the product is producing hard copy output or receiving hard copy input. The power requirement in this mode is typically greater than the power requirement in standby mode.

8.

Standby Mode: The condition that exists when the product is not producing hard copy output or receiving hard copy input and is consuming less power than when producing such output or receiving such input. The transition from Standby Mode to Active Mode should cause no noticeable delay in the production of hard copy output.

9.

Sleep Mode: The condition that exists when the product is not producing hard copy output or receiving hard copy input and is consuming less power than when in standby mode. In the transition from Sleep Mode to Active Mode, there may be some delay in the production of hard copy output, however there shall be no delay in the acceptance of information from a network or other input sources. The product enters this mode within a specified time period after the last hard copy output was produced.

10.

Default Time To Sleep Mode: The time period set by the Program Participant prior to shipping that determines when the product will enter the Sleep Mode. The default time shall be measured from the time that the last piece of hard copy output was produced.

11.

Duplexing: The process of producing text, an image, or a combination of text and image on both sides of a single sheet of paper.

12.

Standard Model: The term used to describe a product and its bundled features as marketed and sold by the Program Participant and as manufactured for its intended use.

13.

Wake Event: As used in this agreement, a ‘wake event’ is defined as a user, programmed, or external event or stimulus that causes the unit to transition from its standby or Sleep Mode to its active mode of operation. A ‘wake event’ as defined in this Specification does not include network related polling queries or ‘pings’ that commonly occur in network environments.

B.   Product Qualification for ENERGY STAR

1.

Technical Specifications

(a)

Sleep Mode: ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees that only those products that are capable of entering a Sleep Mode after a period of inactivity or maintain a level of power consumption at or below the levels of power specified in Tables 3 through 8 (below), may qualify as ENERGY STAR.

(b)

Default Time: ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees to set the product's default time to activate the Sleep Mode within the time specified in Tables 3 through 8 (below) from the completion of the last job (e.g., from the time that the last piece of hard copy output was produced). Program Participant also shall ship products with the default time for the Sleep Mode set to the levels specified in Tables 3 through 8 (below).

(c)

Network Functionality: ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees to qualify products as they are intended to be used (Section III.A.12 above) by the end-user, particularly products intended to be connected to a network. ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees that all products marketed, advertised, or sold as network-capable must meet the ENERGY STAR specifications (below) when configured as network-ready (i.e., with network functionality).

(i)

If the product is shipped with the capability to be on a network, it shall have the ability to enter a Sleep Mode while on the network.

(ii)

If the product has the capability to be on a network, it shall retain in Sleep Mode its ability to respond to wake events directed or targeted to the product while on a network.

(d)

Duplexing: For all standard-size printers above 10 ppm in which a duplexing unit is installed, it is recommended that ENERGY STAR Program Participant educate its customers about using their printers with duplex set as the default printing mode. Education may consist of information about the appropriate printer driver and print menu setup in the product manuals, or by providing specific instructions about the printer driver when a duplexing unit is installed.

(e)

Detailed Specifications: ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees to qualify products according to the following specifications:

Table 3

Stand Alone Fax Machines

(designed to accommodate primarily A4 or 8.5″ × 11″ sized paper)

Product Speed In Pages Per Minute (ppm)

Sleep Mode (Watts)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

0 < ppm ≤ 10

≤ 10

≤ 5 minutes

10 < ppm

≤ 15

≤ 5 minutes


Table 4

Mailing Machines

Product Speed In Mail Pieces Per Minute (mppm)

Sleep Mode (Watts)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

0 < mppm ≤ 50 mppm

≤ 10

≤ 20 minutes

50 < ppm ≤ 100 mppm

≤ 30

≤ 30 minutes

100 < mppm ≤ 150 mppm

≤ 50

≤ 40 minutes

150 < mppm

≤ 85

≤ 60 minutes


Table 5

Standard Size Printers and Printer/Fax Combinations (11)

(designed to accommodate primarily A3, A4, or 8.5″ × 11″ sized paper)

Product Speed In Pages Per Minute (ppm)

Sleep Mode (Watts) (12)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

0 < ppm ≤ 10

≤ 10

≤ 5 minutes

10 < ppm ≤ 20

≤ 20

≤ 15 minutes

20 < ppm ≤ 30

≤ 30

≤ 30 minutes

30 < ppm ≤ 44

≤ 40

≤ 60 minutes

44 < ppm

≤ 75

≤ 60 minutes


Table 6

Impact Printers designed to accommodate primarily A3 paper

Sleep Mode (Watts)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

≤ 28

≤ 30 minutes


Table 7

Large/Wide-Format Printers

(designed to accommodate primarily A2 or 17″ × 22″, or larger paper)

Product Speed In Pages Per Minute (ppm)

Sleep Mode (Watts)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

0 < ppm ≤ 10

≤ 35

≤ 30 minutes

10 < ppm ≤ 40

≤ 65

≤ 30 minutes

40 < ppm

≤ 100

≤ 90 minutes


Table 8

Colour Printers (13)

(designed to accommodate primarily A3, A4, or 8.5″ × 11″ sized paper)

Product Speed In Colour Pages Per Minute (ppm)

Sleep Mode (Watts)

Default Time To Sleep Mode

0 < ppm ≤ 10

≤ 35

≤ 30 minutes

10 < ppm ≤ 20

≤ 45

≤ 60 minutes

20 < ppm

≤ 70

≤ 60 minutes

2.

Exceptions and Clarifications

After shipping, the ENERGY STAR Program Participant or its designated service representative shall not alter the models covered by this Specification in any way that will affect the products' ability to meet the specifications outlined above. Two exceptions follow:

(a)

Default Times: After shipping, the ENERGY STAR Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may change the default times for the Sleep Mode, up to a factory-set maximum of 240 minutes. If a manufacturer chooses to design products with more than one power management mode, then the combined total of the default times shall not exceed 240 minutes.

(b)

Disabling the Sleep Mode: In an individual case where the Sleep Mode is causing a customer sizeable inconvenience due to his/her particular usage patterns, the Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may disable this Sleep Mode feature. If the Program Participant chooses to design its product models to allow the customer to disable the Sleep Mode feature, then the disable option shall be accessed in a manner different from the time settings. E.g., if a software menu provides Sleep Mode delay times of 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 minutes, then ‘disable’ or ‘off’ shall not be a choice in this menu. It shall be a hidden (or less obvious) choice or included in a different menu.

C.   Test Guidelines

1.

Test Conditions: Outlined below are the ambient test conditions which should be established when performing the power measurement. These are necessary in order to ensure that outside factors do not affect the test results, and that test results can be reproduced later.

Line Impedance: < 0.25 ohm

Total Harmonic Distortion: < 5 %

(Voltage)

Ambient Temperature: 25 deg. C ± 3 deg. C

Input AC Voltage: 115 VAC RMS ± 5 V RMS

Input AC Frequency: 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

2.

Testing Equipment: The provisions of Section I.C.2 apply.

3.

Test Method: The provisions of Section I.C.3 apply.

IV.   COPIER SPECIFICATIONS

The following Copier Specifications shall be applicable until 31 March 2007.

A.   Definitions

1.

Copier: A commercial reprographic imaging unit whose sole function is the production of duplicates from a graphic hard copy original. A copier must include a marking system, an imaging system, and a paper handling module. All black and white plain paper copier technologies are covered under this Specification, though the intent is to focus on widely-used standard copier equipment such as light lens copiers. The Specifications outlined below apply to standard-sized copiers designed to handle A4 or 8.5″ × 11″ paper and large format copiers designed to handle A2 or 17″ × 22″ paper or larger.

2.

Copier Speed: Copies per minute (cpm) measures the reproduction speed of the copier. One copy is defined as one 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized page. Double-sided copies are considered as two images and therefore two copies even though they are copied onto one piece of paper. For all copier models sold in the U.S. market, measurement of copier speed shall be based on 8.5″ × 11″ letter-sized paper. For copiers sold in markets other than the U.S., copier speed shall be based on either 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized paper, depending on which is standard in a particular market.

For large format copiers designed to handle primarily A2 or 17″ × 22″ paper or larger, the copier speed measured as A2- or A0-sized copies per minute shall be converted to A4-sized copier speeds as follows: (a) One A2 copy per minute is equivalent to four A4 copies per minute, and (b) One A0 copy per minute is equivalent to 16 A4 copies per minute.

Copiers qualified as ENERGY STAR shall be divided into five categories: low speed standard-sized copiers, medium speed standard-sized copiers, high speed standard-sized copiers, low speed large format copiers, and medium and high speed large format copiers.

(a)

Low Speed Standard-Sized Copiers: Copiers with an engine speed for producing multiple images of 20 copies per minute or less.

(b)

Medium Speed Standard-Sized Copiers: Copiers with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 20 and less than or equal to 44 copies per minute.

(c)

High Speed Standard-Sized Copiers: Copiers with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 44 copies per minute.

(d)

Low Speed Large Format Copiers: Copiers with an engine speed for producing multiple images of 40 copies per minute or less (expressed as A4-sized copies per minute).

(e)

Medium and High Speed Large Format Copiers: Copiers with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 40 copies per minute (expressed as A4-sized copies per minute).

3.

Base Unit: For a given engine speed, the base unit is defined as the most basic version of a copier that is actually sold as a fully operational model. The base unit is typically designed and shipped in a single piece, and does not include any external power-consuming accessories that may be sold separately.

4.

Accessory: A piece of additional equipment that is not necessary for the standard operation of the base unit, but that may be added before or after shipping in order to enhance or change copier performance. An accessory may be sold separately under its own model number, or sold with a base unit as part of a copier package or configuration. Examples of accessories include: sorters, large capacity paper feeders, etc. It is assumed that the addition of an accessory, irrespective of its own power consumption, will not substantially increase (more than 10 percent) the off mode power consumption of the base unit. Any accessories shall not impede the normal operation of the auto-off and low-power features.

5.

Copier Model: For purposes of this Specification, a copier model is defined as a base unit and one or more specific accessories that are advertised and sold to consumers under a single model number. When advertised and sold to consumers without any additional accessories, a base unit is also considered a copier model.

6.

Low-Power Mode: For purposes of this Specification, the low-power mode is the lowest power state the copier can automatically enter within some period of copier inactivity, without actually turning off. The copier enters this mode within a specified period of time after the last copy was made. For purposes of determining the power consumption in this low-power mode, the company may choose to measure the lowest of either the energy-saver mode or the standby mode.

7.

Energy-Saver Mode: The condition that exists when the machine is not making copies, has previously reached operating conditions but is consuming less power than when the machine is in stand-by mode. When the copier is in this mode, there may be some delay before the copier will be capable of making the next copy.

8.

Standby Mode: The condition that exists when the machine is not making copies, has reached operating conditions and is ready to make a copy, but has not yet entered into energy-saver mode. When the copier is in this mode, there will be virtually no delay before the copier is capable of making the next copy.

9.

Off Mode: For purposes of this Specification, the off mode is defined as the condition that exists when the copier is connected to an appropriate electrical source, and has been recently shut off via the auto-off feature (14). When measuring power in this mode, control equipment for remote servicing may be excluded.

10.

Auto-off Feature: For purposes of this Specification, the auto-off feature is defined as the ability for the copier to automatically shut itself off within a specified period of time after the last copy was made. The copier shall automatically enter its off mode after execution of this feature.

11.

Plug-in Mode: The condition that exists when the machine is connected to an appropriate electrical source and is not turned on. To turn the copier on, the user typically needs to manually restart the copier via the on/off switch.

12.

Default Times: The time period set by the Program Participant prior to shipping that determines when the copier will enter its various modes, i.e., the low-power mode, the off mode, etc. Both the off mode default times and the low-power mode default times shall be measured from the time the last copy was made.

13.

Recovery Time: The amount of time needed to bring the copier from a low-power mode to the standby mode.

14.

Automatic Duplex Mode: The mode in which the copier automatically places images on both sides of a copy sheet, by automatically sending both the copy sheet and the graphic original through the copier model. Examples of this are one-sided to two-sided copying, or two-sided to two-sided copying. For purposes of this Specification, a copier model is considered to have an automatic duplex mode only if the copier model includes all accessories needed to satisfy the above conditions, i.e., an automatic document feeder and accessories for automatic duplexing capabilities.

15.

Weekly Timer: An internal device that turns a copier on and off at predetermined times each business day. When programming a timer, the customer shall be able to distinguish between business days and weekends/holidays (i.e., a timer shall not turn on a copier on Saturday and Sunday mornings if employees are not normally in the office on weekends). The customer shall also have the ability to disable the timer. Weekly timers are optional features, and therefore are not required on Energy Star compliant copiers. If included in copier models, weekly timers shall not conflict with the functioning of the low-power and auto-off features.

B.   Product Qualification for ENERGY STAR

1.

Technical Specifications

To qualify for ENERGY STAR, a copier shall meet the Specifications outlined below:

Table 9

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Copiers

Copier Speed (copies per minute)

Low-Power Mode (Watts)

Low-Power Default Time

Recovery Time 30 seconds

Off Mode (Watts)

Off Mode Default Time

Automatic Duplex Mode

0 < cpm < 20

None

NA

NA

< 5

< 30 min

No

20 < cpm < 44

3.85 × cpm + 5

15 min.

Yes

< 15

< 60 min

Optional

44 < cpm

3.85 × cpm + 5

15 min.

Recommended

< 20

< 90 min

Optional

LARGE FORMAT COPIERS

0 < cpm < 40

NA

NA

NA

< 10

< 30 min.

No

40 < cpm

3.85 × cpm + 5

15 min.

Recommended

< 20

< 90 min.

No

Program Participant shall set the default times for the auto-off feature to the levels specified in the Table above. The default times for the off mode and the low-power mode shall be measured from the time the last copy was made.

For all copier speeds where it is optional that the duplex mode be set as the default, if a model is shipped with automatic duplexing capabilities, then it is recommended that duplexing be set as the default mode. Program Participant may provide users with the ability to override this default duplex mode for single-sided copies.

2.

Exceptions and Clarifications

After shipping, Program Participant or its designated service representative shall not alter the copier model in any way that will affect the copier's ability to meet the specifications outlined above. Certain exceptions are allowed in changing the default times, the off mode specifications, and the duplex mode. These exceptions are as follows:

(a)

Default Times: After shipping, the Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may change the default times for either the low-power mode and/or off mode, but only up to a Program Participant set maximum of 240 minutes (i.e., the combined total for off mode and low-power mode default times shall not exceed 240 minutes).

(b)

Off Mode Power Consumption: In some cases, Program Participant may need to ship a copier model with the anti-humidity device disconnected in order to meet off mode power requirements. If this situation leads to sizable inconvenience for a specific customer, Program Participant (or the designated service representative) may connect the anti-humidity device. If Program Participant determines that in a certain geographical area there are chronic reliability problems associated with high humidity levels, Program Participant may contact the EPA program manager and discuss alternative solutions. Program Participants in the European Community Member States Territory may contact the European Commission. For example, EPA or the European Commission may allow Program Participant to connect the anti-humidity devices in copier models that are shipped to a very humid geographical area.

(c)

Disabling the Auto-Off Feature: In an individual case where the auto-off feature is causing a customer sizable inconvenience due to his/her particular usage patterns, the Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may disable this auto-off feature. If Program Participant chooses to design its copier models to allow the customer to disable the auto-off feature, then the disable option shall be accessed in a manner different from the time settings. (e.g., if a software menu provides off-mode delay times of 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 minutes, then ‘disable’ or ‘off’ shall not be a choice in this menu. It shall be a hidden (or less obvious) choice, or included in a different menu.).

C.   Test Guidelines

1.

Test Conditions: Outlined below are the ambient test conditions which should be established when performing the power measurement. These are necessary in order to ensure that outside factors do not affect the test results, and that test results can be reproduced later.

Line Impedance: < 0.25 ohm

Total Harmonic Distortion: < 3 %

Ambient Temperature: 21 deg. C ± 3 deg. C

Relative Humidity: 40 – 60 %

Distance From Wall: 2 ft. min.

Other Market-Specific Criteria:

Market

Paper Size

Voltage/Frequency

United States

8.5″ × 11″

115 V RMS ± 5 V

60 Hz ± 3Hz

Europe

A4

230 V RMS ± 10 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz

Japan

A4

100 V RMS ± 5 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz and 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

200 V RMS ± 10 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz and 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

2.

Testing Equipment: The provisions of Section I.C 2 apply.

3.

Test Method: The provisions of Section I.C.3 apply.

V.   SCANNER SPECIFICATIONS

The following Scanner Specifications shall be applicable until 31 March 2007.

A.   Definitions

1.

Scanner: For purposes of this Specification, a scanner is defined as an electro-optical device for converting colour or black-and-white information into electronic images that can be stored, edited, converted, or transmitted primarily in a personal computing environment. Scanners defined as such are typically used for digitizing hard-copy images. The intent of this Specification is to focus on widely-used desktop scanners (e.g., flatbed, sheet-fed, and film scanners); however, high-end office document management scanners that meet the specifications outlined below may qualify for the Energy Star logo. This Specification is for stand-alone scanners; it does not cover multifunction products with scanning capabilities, network scanners (i.e., scanners that connect exclusively to a network and are capable of managing the scanned information for transmissions to multiple locations on the network), or scanners that are not powered directly by the building power supply.

2.

Base Unit: The base unit is defined as the most basic version of a scanner that is actually sold as a fully operational model. The base unit is typically designed and shipped in a single piece, and does not include any external power-consuming accessories that may be sold separately.

3.

Scanner Model: For purposes of this Specification, a scanner model is defined as a base unit and one or more specific accessories that are advertised and sold to consumers under a single model number. When advertised and sold to consumers without any additional accessories, a base unit is also considered a scanner model.

4.

Accessory: Any piece of additional equipment that is not necessary for the standard operation of the scanner, but that may be added in order to enhance or change scanner performance. An accessory may be sold separately under its own model number, or sold with a base unit as part of a scanner package or configuration. Examples of accessories include automatic document feeders (ADFs) and transparency adaptors.

5.

Low-power Mode: For purposes of this Specification, the low-power mode is the lowest power state the scanner is designed to enter after some period of inactivity, without actually turning off. The scanner enters this mode within a specified period of time after the last image was scanned.

6.

Default Time: The time period set by the Program Participant prior to shipping that determines when the scanner will enter the low-power mode. The low-power mode default time shall be measured from the time the last image was scanned.

B.   Product Qualification for ENERGY STAR

Technical Specifications: Program Participant agrees to introduce one or more specific base units that meet the specifications outlined below.

Table 10

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Scanners

Low-power Mode

Low-power Mode Default Time

≤ 12 watts

≤ 15 minutes

C.   Test Guidelines

1.

Test Conditions: Outlined below are the ambient test conditions which should be established when performing the power measurement. These are necessary in order to ensure that outside factors do not affect the test results, and that test results can be reproduced later.

Line Impedance: < 0.25 ohm

Total Harmonic Distortion: < 5 %

Ambient Temperature: 25 deg. C ± 3 deg. C

Input AC Voltage: 115 VAC RMS ± 5 V RMS

Input AC Frequency: 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

2.

Testing Equipment: The provisions of Section I.C.2 apply.

3.

Test Method: The provisions of Section I.C.3 apply.

VI.   MULTIFUNCTION DEVICE SPECIFICATIONS

The following Multi-function Device Specifications shall be applicable until 31 March 2007.

A.   Definitions

1.

Multifunction Device: A Multifunction Device (MFD) is a physically integrated device or a combination of functionally integrated components (the ‘base unit’, see definition below) that produces hard copy duplicates from graphical hard copy originals (distinct from single sheet convenience copying, see next paragraph) as well as performing one or both of the following core functions: printing of documents (from digital information received from direct connect computers, networked computers, file servers and fax transmissions) or faxing (send and receive). An MFD may also include scanning to computer file or any other capabilities not listed in this Specification. The device may be connected to a network, and may output black & white, grey scale, or colour images. EPA anticipates that a separate Specification may ultimately be required to cover colour devices, because of likely technological developments related to colour imaging, but for now these devices are included in this Specification.

This Specification covers products that are marketed and sold as multifunction equipment whose primary function is copying but that are able to perform one or both of the additional core functions of printing or faxing. Devices whose primary function is faxing, and offer limited sheet copying capabilities (so-called single sheet ‘convenience copying’) are covered under the printer/fax Specification.

If the MFD is not a single integrated unit but a set of functionally integrated components, then the manufacturer must certify that when installed correctly in the field the sum of all power use for all MFD components comprising the base unit will achieve the power levels listed below to qualify as an ENERGY STAR Qualified MFD.

Some digital copiers can be upgraded into an MFD in the field with the installation of add-on devices that allow printing or faxing capabilities. Program Participants may consider this system of components to be an MFD, and may qualify it according to the specifications in Tables 11 and 12. However, when the digital copier is sold independently of the add-on devices, the copier must qualify according to the upgradeable digital copier specifications in Table 13 and 14.

Some printers can be upgraded into an MFD in the field with the installation of add-on devices that allow copying (not just single sheet convenience copying) and may also allow faxing capabilities. Program Participants may consider this system of components to be an MFD, and may qualify it according to the MFD specifications. However, when sold independently, the printer cannot be represented as an ENERGY STAR qualified device unless it meets the ENERGY STAR specification for printers, in Section III.

2.

Image reproduction speed: Images per minute (ipm) measures the image reproduction speed specified in terms of monochrome text output per minute at the default resolution of the MFD. One image is defined as one 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized printed page of single-spaced monochrome text output, 12 point type, Times font, 1″ (2.54 cm) margins on all sides of the page. Double-sided prints or copies count as two images even though they are printed on one piece of paper. If at a later date EPA creates a test procedure specifically designed to measure print speed, then that test procedure shall supersede the output speed specifications listed in this section.

For all multifunction device models, engine speed shall be based on either 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized paper, depending on which is the standard in a particular market. If copier and print speeds are different, whichever speed is higher shall be used to determine to which speed category the device belongs.

For large format multifunction device models designed to handle primarily A2 or 17″ × 22″ paper or larger, the reproduction speed measured as A2 or A0-sized images per minute, shall be converted into A4-sized image reproduction speeds, as follows:

(a)

One A2 image per minute is equivalent to 4 A4 images per minute;

(b)

One A0 image per minute is equivalent to 16 A4 images per minute.

Multifunction Devices will be divided into the following categories:

Personal Multifunction Devices: Multifunction devices with an engine speed for producing multiple images of 10 images per minute or less.

Low Speed Multifunction Devices: Multifunction devices with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 10 and less than or equal to 20 images per minute.

Medium Speed Multifunction Devices: Multifunction devices with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 20 and less than or equal to 44 images per minute.

Medium/High Speed Multifunction Devices: Multifunction devices with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 44 and less than or equal to 100 images per minute.

High Speed Multifunction Devices (15) Multifunction devices with an engine speed for producing multiple images of greater than 100 images per minute.

3.

Base Unit: For a given engine speed, the base unit is defined as the most basic version of a multifunction device that is actually sold as a fully operational model. The base unit can be designed and shipped as a single piece or as a combination of functionally integrated components. The base unit must allow copying and one or both of the additional core functions of printing or faxing. The base unit does not include any external power-consuming accessories that may be sold separately.

4.

Accessories: A piece of additional equipment that is not necessary for the standard operation of the base unit, but that may be added before or after shipping in order to enhance or change multifunction device performance. Examples of accessories include: sorters, large capacity paper feeders, paper finishing equipment, large paper supply devices, output paper organisers, and key counters. An accessory may be sold separately under its own model number, or sold with a base unit as part of a multifunction device package or configuration. It is assumed that the addition of any accessories will not substantially increase (more than a total of 10 percent for all accessories) the low-power or sleep mode power consumption of the base unit (irrespective of the power consumption of the accessories). Any accessories shall not impede the normal operation of the low-power and sleep mode features.

5.

Multifunction Device Model: For purposes of this Specification, a multifunction device model is defined as a base unit and one or more specific accessories that are advertised and sold to consumers under a single model number. When advertised and sold to consumers without any additional accessories, a base unit is also considered a multifunction device model.

6.

Standby Mode: The condition that exists when the machine is not producing output, has reached operating conditions and is ready to make hard copy output, but has not yet entered into the low-power mode. When the multifunction device is in this mode, there will be virtually no delay before the multifunction device is capable of making the next hard copy output.

7.

Low-power Mode: For purposes of this Specification, the low-power mode is the condition that exists when the multifunction device is not producing hard copy output and is consuming less power than when in a standby mode. When the multifunction device is in this mode there may be some delay in the production of hard copy output. In this mode there shall be no delay in the acceptance of information from fax or printing or scanning input sources. The multifunction device enters this mode within a specified period of time after the last hard copy output was made no matter what the input source. For products that meet the low-power mode power requirements in standby mode, no further power reductions are required.

8.

Sleep Mode: For purposes of this Specification, the sleep mode is the lowest power state the multifunction device can automatically enter without actually turning off. In this mode both hard copy output and the acceptance of imaging information from some input ports may be delayed. The multifunction device enters the sleep mode within a specified period of time after the last hard copy output was made or after it has entered the low-power mode if a low-power mode is provided.

9.

Default Times: The time period set by the Program Participant prior to shipping that determines when the multifunction device will enter its various modes.(i.e., the low-power mode, the sleep mode, etc. Both the sleep mode default times and the low-power mode default times shall be measured from the time the last hard copy output was made.)

10.

Recovery Time: The amount of time needed to bring the multifunction device from the low- power mode to the standby mode.

11.

Automatic Duplex Mode: The mode in which the multifunction device automatically places images on both sides of a sheet by automatically sending both the sheet and the graphic original through the multifunction device. Examples of this are one-sided to two-sided copying, two-sided to two-sided copying, or double-sided printing. For purposes of this Specification, a multifunction device model is considered to have an automatic duplex mode only if the multifunction device model includes all accessories needed to satisfy the above conditions (i.e., an automatic document feeder and accessories for automatic duplexing capabilities).

12.

Weekly Timer: An internal device that turns a multifunction device on and off at predetermined times each day. When programming a timer, the customer shall be able to distinguish between business days and weekends/holidays (i.e., a timer shall not turn on a copier on Saturday and Sunday mornings if employees are not normally in the office on weekends). The customer shall also have the ability to disable the timer. Weekly timers are optional features, and therefore are not required on ENERGY STAR Qualified MFDs. If included in multifunction device models, weekly timers shall not conflict with the functioning of the low-power and sleep mode features.

13.

Upgradeable Digital Copier: A commercial reprographic imaging unit whose sole function is the production of duplicates from a graphic hard copy original using digital imaging technology, but that provides the option of being upgraded to offer multiple functions, such as printing or fax capabilities, through the installation of add-on devices. In order to be classified as an upgradeable digital copier under the MFD Specification, the upgrade options must be available on the market or intended for availability within one year after the base unit is launched. Digital copiers that are not designed for functional upgrades must qualify for ENERGY STAR under the Copier Specification.

B.   Product Qualification for ENERGY STAR

1.

Technical Specifications

ENERGY STAR Program Participant agrees to introduce one or more specific multifunction device models that meet the specifications outlined in the Tables below.

(a)

Standard-sized Multifunction devices: To qualify for ENERGY STAR, multifunction device models designed to handle primarily 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized paper shall meet the specifications provided in Table 11. All device speeds shall be measured with respect to the number of 8.5″ × 11″ or A4-sized images that feed through per minute, as described in Section VI.A.2, above.

Table 11

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Multifunction Devices

Multifunction Device Speed

(images per minute)

Low-power Mode

(Watts)

Recovery Time

30 seconds

Sleep Mode

(Watts)

Sleep Mode Default Time

Automatic Duplex Mode

0 < ipm < 10

NA

NA

< 25

< 15 min

No

10 < ipm < 20

NA

NA

< 70

< 30 min

No

20 < ipm < 44

3.85 × ipm + 50

Yes

< 80

< 60 min

Optional

44 < ipm < 100

3.85 × ipm + 50

Recommended

< 95

< 90 min

Optional

100 < ipm

3.85 × ipm + 50

Recommended

< 105

< 120 min

Optional

(b)

Large Format Devices: To qualify for ENERGY STAR, large format multifunction device models designed to handle primarily A2 or 17″ × 22″ paper or larger shall meet the specifications provided in Table 12. All large format device speeds shall be measured with respect to the number of A4-sized images that feed through per minute, as described in Section IV.A.2, above.

Table 12

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Multifunction Devices – LARGE FORMAT DEVICES

Multifunction Device Speed

(images per minute)

Low-power Mode

(Watts)

Recovery Time

30 seconds

Sleep Mode

(Watts)

Sleep Mode Default Time

Automatic Duplex Mode

0 < ipm < 40

NA

NA

< 70

< 30 min

No

40 < ipm

4.85 × ipm + 50

Recommended

< 105

< 90 min

No

(c)

Upgradeable Digital Copiers: To qualify for ENERGY STAR under the Multifunction Device Specification, upgradeable digital copiers designed to handle primarily 8.5″ × 11″ or A-4 sized paper shall meet the specifications provided in Table 13. All device speeds shall be measured with respect to the number of 8.5″ × 11″ or A-4 sized images that feed through per minute, as described in Section IV.A.2, above.

Table 13

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Multifunction Devices – UPGRADEABLE DIGITAL COPIERS

Upgradeable Digital Copier Speed

(images per minute)

Low-power Mode

(Watts)

Recovery Time

30 seconds

Sleep Mode (16)

(Watts)

Sleep Mode Default Time

0 < ipm ≤ 10

NA

NA

≤ 5

≤ 15 min

10 < ipm ≤ 20

NA

NA

≤ 5

≤ 30 min

20 < ipm ≤ 44

3.85 × ipm + 5

Yes

≤ 15

≤ 60 min

44 < ipm ≤ 100

3.85 × ipm + 5

Recommended

≤ 20

≤ 90 min

100 < ipm

3.85 × ipm + 5

Recommended

≤ 20

≤ 120 min

Note that criteria for upgradeable digital copiers are identical to those of the Copier Specification.

(d)

Large Format Upgradeable Digital Copiers: To qualify for ENERGY STAR under the Specification for Multifunction Devices, upgradeable digital copiers designed to handle primarily A2 or 17″ × 22″ or larger sized paper shall meet the specifications provided in Table 14. All device speeds shall be measured with respect to the number A-4 sized images that feed through per minute, as described in Section VI.A.2 of the Specification.

Table 14

Criteria for ENERGY STAR Qualified Multifunction Devices – LARGE FORMAT UPGRADEABLE DIGITAL COPIERS

Upgradeable Digital Copier Speed

(images per minute)

Low-power Mode

(Watts)

Recovery Time

30 seconds

Sleep Mode

(Watts)

Sleep Mode Default Time

0 < ipm ≤ 40

NA

NA

≤ 65

≤ 30 min

40 < ipm

4.85 × ipm + 45

NA

≤ 100

≤ 90 min

2.

Additional requirements

In addition to the requirements shown in Tables 11 through 14, the following additional requirements must also be met.

(a)

Default time for low-power mode: For MFDs and upgradeable digital copiers, Program Participant shall ship multifunction device models with the default time for the low-power mode set at 15 minutes. Program Participant shall set the default times for the sleep mode to the levels specified in Tables 11 through 14. The default times for the low-power mode and the sleep mode shall be measured from the time the last copy was made or the last page was printed.

(b)

Recovery time from low-power mode: The actual recovery time from low-power mode shall be placed in product literature for those products that have a low-power mode.

(c)

Weekly timers: Note that weekly timers may be incorporated, but shall not adversely affect or interfere with the normal operation of the low-power or sleep modes. It is EPA's intention that any added features complement the reduced power modes and not negate their effects.

(d)

Auto-duplex features: Duplexing is not required to be the default setting for any multifunction devices. However, it is required to be offered as an option for all standard size multifunction devices faster than 20 ipm. Further, it is recommended that multifunction devices be shipped with automatic duplexing set as the default mode for copying and any other feasible functions and described to customers upon installation.

3.

Exceptions and Clarifications:

After shipping, Program Participant or its designated service representative shall not alter the multifunction device model in any way that will affect the multifunction device's ability to meet the specifications outlined above. Certain exceptions are allowed in changing the default times and the duplex mode. These exceptions are as follows:

(a)

Default Times: After shipping, the Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may change the default times for either the low-power or sleep-mode feature, but only up to a factory-set maximum of 240 minutes (i.e., the combined total of the default times shall not exceed 240 minutes).

(b)

Anti-humidity devices: In some cases, Program Participant may need to ship a multifunction device model with the anti-humidity device disconnected in order to meet sleep mode power requirements. If this situation leads to sizable inconvenience for a specific customer, Program Participant (or the designated service representative) may connect the anti-humidity device. If Program Participant determines that in a certain geographical area there are chronic reliability problems associated with high humidity levels, Program Participant may contact the EPA (17) program manager (as named in Annex B) and discuss alternative solutions. For example, EPA may allow Program Participant to connect the anti-humidity devices in multifunction device models that are shipped to a very humid geographical area.

(c)

Disabling the Sleep Mode: In an individual case where the Sleep Mode is causing a customer sizable inconvenience due to his/her particular usage patterns, the Program Participant, designated service representative, or customer may disable this Sleep Mode feature. If Program Participant chooses to design its multifunction device models to allow the customer to disable the Sleep Mode feature, then the disable option shall be accessed in a manner different from the time settings (e.g., If a software menu provides sleep mode delay times of 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 minutes, then ‘disable’ or ‘off’ shall not be a choice in this menu. It shall be a hidden (or less obvious) choice or included in a different menu).

C.   Test Guidelines

1.

Test Conditions

Outlined below are the ambient test conditions which should be established when performing the power measurement. These are necessary in order to ensure that outside factors do not affect the test results, and that test results can be reproduced later.

Line Impedance: < 0.25 ohm

Total Harmonic Distortion: < 3 %

Ambient Temperature: 21 deg. C ± 3 deg. C

Relative Humidity: 40 - 60 %

Distance From Wall: 2 ft. min.

Other Market-Specific Criteria:

Market

Paper Size

Voltage/Frequency

United States

8.5″ × 11″

115 V RMS ± 5 V

60 Hz ± 3Hz

Europe

A4

230 V RMS ± 10 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz

Japan

A4

100 V RMS ± 5 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz and 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

200 V RMS ± 10 V

50 Hz ± 3 Hz and 60 Hz ± 3 Hz

2.

Testing Equipment: The provisions of Section I.C.2 apply.

3.

Test Method: The provisions of Section I.C.3 apply.

VII.   IMAGING EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATION

The following Imaging Equipment Specifications shall be applicable as of 1 April 2007.

A.   Definitions

Products

1.

Copier: A commercially-available imaging product whose sole function is the production of hard copy duplicates from graphic hard copy originals. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as copiers or upgradeable digital copiers (UDCs).

2.

Digital Duplicator: A commercially available imaging product that is sold in the market as a fully-automated duplicator system through the method of stencil duplicating with digital reproduction functionality. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as digital duplicators.

3.

Facsimile Machine (Fax Machine): A commercially-available imaging product whose primary functions are scanning hard copy originals for electronic transmission to remote units and receiving similar electronic transmissions to produce hard copy output. Electronic transmission is primarily over a public telephone system, but also may be via computer network or the Internet. The product also may be capable of producing hard copy duplicates. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as fax machines.

4.

Mailing Machine: A commercially-available imaging product that serves to print postage onto mail pieces The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as mailing machines.

5.

Multifunction Device (MFD): A commercially-available imaging product, which is a physically-integrated device or a combination of functionally-integrated components, that performs two or more of the core functions of copying, printing, scanning, or faxing. The copy functionality as addressed in this definition is considered to be distinct from single sheet convenience copying offered by fax machines. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as MFDs or multifunction products (MFPs).

Note: If the MFD is not a single integrated unit but a set of functionally integrated components, then the manufacturer must certify that when installed correctly in the field, the sum of all energy or power use for all MFD components comprising the base unit will achieve the energy or power levels provided in Section VII.C. to qualify as an ENERGY STAR MFD.

6.

Printer: A commercially-available imaging product that serves as a hard copy output device, and is capable of receiving information from single-user or networked computers, or other input devices (e.g., digital cameras). The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as printers, including printers that can be upgraded into MFDs in the field.

7.

Scanner: A commercially-available imaging product that functions as an electro-optical device for converting information into electronic images that can be stored, edited, converted, or transmitted, primarily in a personal computing environment. The unit must be capable of being powered from a wall outlet or from a data or network connection. This definition is intended to cover products that are marketed as scanners.

Marking Technologies

8.

Direct Thermal (DT): A marking technology that transfers an image by burning dots onto coated media as it passes over a heated print head. DT products do not use ribbons.

9.

Dye Sublimation (DS): A marking technology where images are formed by depositing (subliming) dye onto the print media based upon the amount of energy delivered by the heating elements.

10.

Electrophotography (EP): A marking technology characterised by illumination of a photoconductor in a pattern representing the desired hard copy image via a light source, development of the image with particles of toner using the latent image on the photoconductor to define the presence or absence of toner at a given location, transfer of the toner to the final hard copy medium, and fusing to cause the desired hard copy to become durable. Types of EP include Laser, LED, and LCD. Colour EP is distinguished from monochrome EP in that toners of at least three different colours are available in a given product at one time. Two types of colour EP technology are defined below:

(a)

Parallel Colour EP: A marking technology that uses multiple light sources and multiple photoconductors to increase the maximum colour printing speed.

(b)

Serial Colour EP: A marking technology that uses a single photoconductor in a serial fashion and one or multiple light sources to achieve the multi-colour hard copy output.

11.

Impact: A marking technology characterised by the formation of the desired hard copy image by transferring colorant from a ‘ribbon’ to the media via an impact process. Two types of impact technology are Dot Formed Impact and Fully-formed Impact.

12.

Ink Jet (IJ): A marking technology where images are formed by depositing colorant in small drops directly to the print media in a matrix manner. Colour IJ is distinguished from monochrome IJ in that more than one colorant is available in a product at any one time. Typical types of IJ include Piezo-electric (PE) IJ, IJ Sublimation, and Thermal IJ.

13.

Solid Ink (SI): A marking technology where the ink is solid at room temperature and liquid when heated to the jetting temperature. Transfer to the media can be direct, but is most often made to an intermediate drum or belt and then offset printed to the media.

14.

Stencil: A marking technology that transfers images onto the print media from a stencil that is fitted around an inked drum.

15.

Thermal Transfer (TT): A marking technology where the desired hard copy image is formed by depositing small drops of solid colorant (usually coloured waxes) in a melted/fluid state directly to the print media in a matrix manner. TT is distinguished from IJ in that the ink is solid at room temperature and is made fluid by heat.

Operational Modes, Activities, and Power States

16.

Active: The power state in which the product is connected to a power source and is actively producing output, as well as performing any of its other primary functions.

17.

Automatic Duplexing: The capability of a copier, fax machine, MFD, or printer to automatically place images on both sides of an output sheet, without manual manipulation of output as an intermediate step. Examples of this are one-sided to two-sided copying and two-sided to two-sided copying. A product is considered to have automatic duplexing capability only if the model includes all accessories needed to satisfy the above conditions.

18.

Default Delay Time: The time set by the manufacturer prior to shipping that determines when the product will enter a lower-power mode (e.g., Sleep, Off) following completion of its primary function.

19.

Off: The power state that the product enters when it has been manually or automatically switched off but is still plugged in and connected to the mains. This mode is exited when stimulated by an input, such as a manual power switch or clock timer to bring the unit into Ready mode. When this state is resultant from a manual intervention by a user, it is often referred to as Manual Off, and when it is resultant from an automatic or predetermined stimuli (e.g., a delay time or clock), it is often referred to as Auto-off.

20.

Ready: The condition that exists when the product is not producing output, has reached operating conditions, has not yet entered into any lower-power modes, and can enter Active mode with minimal delay. All product features can be enabled in this mode, and the product must be able to return to Active mode by responding to any potential input options designed into the product. Potential inputs include external electrical stimulus (e.g., network stimulus, fax call, or remote control) and direct physical intervention (e.g., activating a physical switch or button).

21.

Sleep: The reduced power state that the product enters automatically after a period of inactivity. In addition to entering Sleep automatically, the product may also enter this mode 1) at a user set time-of-day, 2) immediately in response to user manual action, without actually turning off, or 3) through other, automatically-achieved ways that are related to user behaviour. All product features can be enabled in this mode and the product must be able to enter Active mode by responding to any potential input options designed into the product; however, there may be a delay. Potential inputs include external electrical stimulus (e.g., network stimulus, fax call, remote control) and direct physical intervention (e.g., activating a physical switch or button). The product must maintain network connectivity while in Sleep, waking up only as necessary.

Note: When reporting data and qualifying products that can enter Sleep mode in multiple ways, Program Participants should reference a Sleep level that can be reached automatically. If the product is capable of automatically entering multiple, successive Sleep levels, it is at the manufacturer's discretion which of these levels is used for qualification purposes; however, the default-delay time provided must correspond with whichever level is used.

22.

Standby: The lowest power consumption mode which cannot be switched off (influenced) by the user and that may persist for an indefinite time when the product is connected to the main electricity supply and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions (18).

Note: For Imaging Equipment products addressed by this specification, the Standby power level usually occurs in Off mode, but can occur in Ready or Sleep. A product cannot exit Standby and reach a lower power state unless it is physically disconnected from the main electricity supply as a result of manual manipulation.

Product Size Formats

23.

Large Format: Products categorised as Large Format include those designed for A2 media and larger, including those designed to accommodate continuous-form media at a width of 406 millimetres (mm) or wider. Large-format products may also be capable of printing on standard-size or small-format media.

24.

Small Format: Products categorised as Small Format include those designed for media sizes smaller than those defined as Standard (e.g., A6, 4″ × 6″, microfilm), including those designed to accommodate continuous-form media at widths smaller than 210 mm.

25.

Standard: Products categorised as Standard include those designed for standard-sized media (e.g., Letter, Legal, Ledger, A3, A4, and B4), including those designed to accommodate continuous-form media at widths between 210 mm and 406 mm. Standard-size products may also be capable of printing on small-format media.

Additional Terms

26.

Accessory: An optional piece of peripheral equipment that is not necessary for the operation of the base unit, but that may be added before or after shipment in order to add functionality. An accessory may be sold separately under its own model number, or sold with a base unit as part of a package or configuration.

27.

Base Product: A base product is the standard model shipped by the manufacturer. When product models are offered in different configurations, the base product is the most fundamental configuration of the model, which possesses the minimum number of functional adders available. Functional components or accessories offered as optional, rather than standard, are not considered part of the base product.

28.

Continuous Form: Products categorised as Continuous Form include those which do not use a cut-sheet media size, and are designed for key industrial applications such as printing of bar codes, labels, receipts, waybills, invoices, airline tickets, or retail tags.

29.

Digital Front-end (DFE): A functionally-integrated, network-attached server or desktop-derived server that hosts other computers and applications and acts as an interface to imaging equipment. A DFE uses its own dc power supply or draws its dc power from the imaging equipment product with which it operates. A DFE provides greater functionality to the imaging product. A DFE also offers at least three of the following advanced features:

(a)

Network connectivity in various environments;

(b)

Mailbox functionality;

(c)

Job queue management;

(d)

Machine management (e.g., waking the imaging equipment from a reduced power state);

(e)

Advanced graphic user-interface (UI);

(f)

Ability to initiate communication with other host servers and client computers (e.g., scanning to email, polling remote mailboxes for jobs);

or

(g)

Ability to post-process pages (e.g., reformatting pages prior to printing).

30.

Functional Adder: A functional adder is a standard product feature that adds functionality to the base marking engine of an imaging equipment product. The Operational Mode portion of this specification contains additional power allowances for certain functional adders. Examples of functional adders include wireless interfaces and scanning capability.

31.

Operational Mode (OM) Approach: A method of testing and comparing the energy performance of imaging equipment products, which focuses on product energy consumption in various low-power modes. The key criteria used by the OM approach are values for low-power modes, measured in watts (W). Detailed information can be found in the Operational Mode Test Procedure in Section VII.D.3.

32.

Marking Engine: The very basic engine of an imaging product, which drives the image production of that product. Without additional functional components, a marking engine cannot acquire image data to process and is, therefore, non-functional. A marking engine is reliant on functional adders for communication ability and image processing.

33.

Model: An imaging equipment product that is sold or marketed under a unique model number or marketing name. A model may be comprised of a base unit or a base unit and accessories.

34.

Product Speed: In general, for Standard-size products, a single A4 or 8.5″ × 11″ sheet printed/copied/scanned on one side in a minute is equal to one image-per-minute (ipm). If the maximum claimed speeds differ when producing images on A4 or 8.5″ × 11″ paper, the higher of the two shall be used.

For mailing machines, one piece of mail processed in a minute is equal to one mail-piece-per-minute (mppm).

For Small-format products, a single A6 or 4″ × 6″ sheet printed/copied/scanned on one side in a minute is equal to 0.25 ipm.

For Large-format products, a single A2 sheet is equivalent to 4 ipm and one A0 sheet is equivalent to 16 ipm.

For continuous-form products categorised as Small-format, Large-format, or Standard-size, print speed in ipm should be obtained from the product's maximum marketed imaging speed in meters per minute according to the conversion below:

X ipm = 16 × [Maximum media width (meters) × Maximum imaging speed (length-meters/minute)]

In all cases, the converted speed in ipm should be rounded to the nearest integer (e.g., 14.4 ipm rounds to 14.0 ipm; 14.5 ipm rounds to 15 ipm).

For qualification purposes, manufacturers should report the speed of the product according to the prioritisation of functions outlined below:

Print Speed, unless the product cannot perform the print function, in which case,

Copy Speed, unless the product cannot perform the print or copy functions, in which case,

Scan Speed.

35.

Typical Electricity Consumption (TEC) Approach: A method of testing and comparing the energy performance of imaging equipment products, which focuses on the typical electricity consumed by a product while in normal operation during a representative period of time. The key criteria of the TEC approach for imaging equipment is a value for typical weekly electricity consumption, measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Detailed information can be found in the Typical Electricity Consumption Test Procedure in Section VII.D.2.

B.   Qualifying Products

In order to qualify as ENERGY STAR, an imaging equipment product must be defined in Section VII.A and meet one of the product descriptions in Table 15 or 16, below.

Table 15

Qualifying Products: TEC Approach

Product Area

Marking Technology

Size Format

Colour Capability

TEC Table

Copiers

Direct Thermal

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Solid Ink

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Digital Duplicators

Stencil

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Stencil

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Fax Machines

Direct Thermal

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Solid Ink

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Multifunction Devices (MFDs)

Direct Thermal

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 3

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Colour

TEC 4

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 3

EP

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 3

EP

Standard

Colour

TEC 4

Solid Ink

Standard

Colour

TEC 4

Multifunction Devices (MFDs)

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Colour

TEC 4

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 3

Printers

Direct Thermal

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Dye Sublimation

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1

EP

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Solid Ink

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Colour

TEC 2

Thermal Transfer

Standard

Monochrome

TEC 1


Table 16

Qualifying Products: Operational Mode Approach

Product Area

Marking Technology

Size Format

Colour Capability

OM Table

Copiers

Direct Thermal

Large

Monochrome

OM 1

Dye Sublimation

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

EP

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

Solid Ink

Large

Colour

OM 1

Thermal Transfer

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

Fax Machines

Ink Jet

Standard

Colour & Monochrome

OM 2

Mailing Machines

Direct Thermal

N/A

Monochrome

OM 4

EP

N/A

Monochrome

OM 4

Ink Jet

N/A

Monochrome

OM 4

Thermal Transfer

N/A

Monochrome

OM 4

Multifunction Devices (MFDs)

Direct Thermal

Large

Monochrome

OM 1

Dye Sublimation

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

EP

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

Ink Jet

Standard

Colour & Monochrome

OM 2

Ink Jet

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 3

Solid Ink

Large

Colour

OM 1

Thermal Transfer

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 1

Printers

Direct Thermal

Large

Monochrome

OM 8

Direct Thermal

Small

Monochrome

OM 5

Dye Sublimation

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 8

Dye Sublimation

Small

Colour & Monochrome

OM 5

EP

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 8

EP

Small

Colour

OM 5

Impact

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 8

Impact

Small

Colour & Monochrome

OM 5

Impact

Standard

Colour & Monochrome

OM 6

Ink Jet

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 3

Ink Jet

Small

Colour & Monochrome

OM 5

Ink Jet

Standard

Colour & Monochrome

OM 2

Solid Ink

Large

Colour

OM 8

Solid Ink

Small

Colour

OM 5

Thermal Transfer

Large

Colour & Monochrome

OM 8

Thermal Transfer

Small

Colour & Monochrome

OM 5

Scanners

N/A

Large, Small & Standard

N/A

OM 7

C.   Energy-Efficiency Specifications for Qualifying Products

Only those products listed in Section VII.B above that meet the following criteria may qualify as Energy Star.

Products Sold with an External Power Adapter: To qualify, imaging equipment products using a single-voltage external ac-dc or ac-ac power adapter must use an ENERGY STAR qualified adapter, or one that meets the ENERGY STAR External Power Supply (EPS) specification when tested to the ENERGY STAR test method on the date the imaging product is qualified as ENERGY STAR. The ENERGY STAR specification and test method for single voltage external ac-dc and ac-ac power supplies may be found at www.energystar.gov/products.

Products Designed to Operate with an External DFE: To qualify, an imaging equipment product that is sold with a DFE that uses its own ac power source must use an ENERGY STAR qualified DFE, or one that meets the ENERGY STAR Computer specification when tested to the ENERGY STAR test method on the date the imaging product is qualified as ENERGY STAR. The ENERGY STAR specification and test method for computers may be found at www.energystar.gov/products.

Products Sold with an Additional Cordless Handset: To qualify, fax machines or MFDs with fax capability that are sold with additional cordless handsets must use an ENERGY STAR qualified handset, or one that meets the ENERGY STAR Telephony specification when tested to the ENERGY STAR test method on the date the imaging product is qualified as ENERGY STAR. The ENERGY STAR specification and test method for telephony products may be found at www.energystar.gov/products.

Duplexing: Standard-size copiers, MFDs, and printers that use EP, SI, and heat-intensive IJ marking technologies addressed by the TEC approach in Section VII.C.1 must meet the following duplexing requirements, based on product speed:

Table 17

Duplexing Requirements for Colour Copiers, MFDs, and Printers

Product Speed

Duplexing Requirement

≤ 19 ipm

N/A

20 – 39 ipm

Automatic duplexing must be offered as a standardfeature or optional accessory at the time of purchase.

≥ 40 ipm

Automatic duplexing is required as a standard feature at the time of purchase.


Table 18

Duplexing Requirements for Monochrome Copiers, MFDs, and Printers

Product Speed

Duplexing Requirement

≤ 24 ipm

N/A

25 – 44 ipm

Automatic duplexing must be offered as a standard feature or optional accessory at the time of purchase.

≥ 45 ipm

Automatic duplexing is required as a standard feature at the time of purchase.

1.

ENERGY STAR Eligibility Criteria – TEC.

To qualify as Energy Star, the TEC value obtained for imaging equipment outlined in Section VII.B. Table 15 above must not exceed the corresponding criteria below.

For imaging products with a functionally-integrated DFE that relies on the imaging product for its power, manufacturers should subtract the DFE's energy consumption in Ready mode from the product's total TEC result before comparing the product's TEC to the criteria limits below. In order to take advantage of this allowance, the DFE must meet the definition in Section VII.A.29. and be a separate processing unit that is capable of initiating activity over the network.

Example: A printer's total TEC result is 24.5 kWh/week and its internal DFE consumes 50W in Ready mode. 50W × 168 hours/week = 8.4 kWh/week, which is then subtracted from the tested TEC value: 24.5 kWh/week – 8.4 kWh/week = 16.1 kWh/week. 16.1 kWh/week is then compared to the following criteria.

Note: In all of the following equations, x = Product speed (ipm).

Table 19

TEC Table 1

Product(s): Copiers, Digital Duplicators, Fax Machines, Printers

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: DT, Mono DS, Mono EP, Mono Stencil, Mono TT

 

Tier I

Tier II

Product Speed (ipm)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

≤ 12

1.5 kWh

TBD

12 < ipm ≤ 50

(0.20 kWh/ipm)x – 1 kWh

TBD

> 50 ipm

(0.80 kWh/ipm)x – 31 kWh

TBD


Table 20

TEC Table 2

Product(s): Copiers, Digital Duplicators, Fax Machines, Printers

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: Colour DS, Colour Stencil, Colour TT, Colour EP, SI

 

Tier I

Tier II

Product Speed (ipm)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

≤ 50

(0.20 kWh/ipm)x + 2 kWh

TBD

> 50

(0.80 kWh/ipm)x – 28 kWh

TBD


Table 21

TEC Table 3

Product(s): MFDs

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: DT, Mono DS, Mono EP, Mono TT

 

Tier I

Tier II

Product Speed (ipm)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

≤ 20

(0.20 kWh/ipm)x + 2 kWh

TBD

20 < ipm ≤ 69

(0.44 kWh/ipm)x – 2,8 kWh

TBD

> 69

(0.80 kWh/ipm)x – 28 kWh

TBD


Table 22

TEC Table 4

Product(s): MFDs

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: Colour DS, Colour TT, Colour EP, SI

 

Tier I

Tier II

Product Speed (ipm)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

Maximum TEC (kWh/week)

≤ 32

(0.20 kWh/ipm)x + 5 kWh

TBD

32 < ipm ≤ 61

(0.44 kWh/ipm)x – 2,8 kWh

TBD

> 61

(0.80 kWh/ipm)x – 25 kWh

TBD

2.

ENERGY STAR Eligibility Criteria – OM

To qualify as Energy Star, the power consumption values for imaging equipment outlined in Section VII.B. Table 16 above must not exceed the corresponding criteria below. For products that meet the Sleep-mode power requirement in Ready mode, no further automatic power reductions are required to meet the Sleep criterion. Additionally, for products that meet the Standby-power requirements in Ready or Sleep mode, no further power reductions are required to earn the ENERGY STAR.

For imaging products with a functionally-integrated DFE that relies on the imaging product for its power, the power consumption of the DFE should be excluded when comparing the product's measured Sleep to the combined marking-engine and functional-adder criteria limits below. The DFE must not interfere with the ability of the imaging product to enter or exit its lower-power modes. In order to take advantage of this exclusion, the DFE must meet the definition in Section VII.A.29 and be a separate processing unit that is capable of initiating activity over the network.

Default Delay Time Requirements: To qualify for ENERGY STAR, OM products must meet the default-delay time settings provided in Tables 23 through 25 below for each product type, enabled upon product shipment. In addition, all OM products must be shipped with a maximum machine delay time not in excess of four hours, which is only adjustable by the manufacturer. This maximum machine delay time cannot be influenced by the user and typically cannot be modified without internal, invasive product manipulation. The default-delay-time settings provided in Tables 23 through 25 may be user adjustable.

Table 23

Maximum Default Delay Times to Sleep for Small-format and Standard-size OM Products, Excluding Mailing Machines, in Minutes

Product Speed (ipm)

Fax Machines

MFDs

Printers

Scanners

0 – 10

5

15

5

15

11 - 20

5

30

15

15

21 - 30

5

60

30

15

31 - 50

5

60

60

15

51 +

5

60

60

15


Table 24

Maximum Default Delay Times to Sleep for Large-format OM Products, Excluding Mailing Machines, in Minutes

Product Speed (ipm)

Copiers

MFDs

Printers

Scanners

0 – 10

30

30

30

15

11 – 20

30

30

30

15

21 – 30

30

30

30

15

31 – 50

30

60

60

15

51 +

60

60

60

15


Table 25

Maximum Default Delay Times to Sleep for Mailing Machines in Minutes

Product Speed (mppm)

Mailing Machines

0 – 50

20

51 – 100

30

101 – 150

40

151 +

60

Standby Requirements: To qualify for ENERGY STAR, OM products must meet the Standby power criteria provided in Table 26 for each product type.

Table 26

Maximum Standby Power Levels for OM Products in Watts

Product Type & Size Format

Standby (W) – Tier 1

Standby (W) – Tier 2

All Small Format and Standard-size OM Products without Fax Capability

1

Tier 1 levels remain unchanged

All Small Format and Standard-size OM Products with Fax Capability

2

Tier 1 levels remain unchanged

All Large Format OM Products and Mailing Machines

N/A

TBD

The eligibility criteria in OM Tables 1 through 8 (Tables 26-33) below address the marking engine of the product. Since products are expected to be shipped with one or more functions beyond a basic marking engine, the corresponding allowances below should be added to the marking engine criteria for Sleep. The total value for the base product with applicable ‘functional adders’ should be used to determine eligibility. Manufacturers may apply no more than three Primary functional adders to each product model, but may apply as many Secondary adders as present (with Primary adders in excess of three included as Secondary adders). An example of this approach is provided below:

Example: Consider a Standard-size IJ printer with a USB 2.0 connection and a memory card connection. Assuming the USB connection is the Primary interface used during the test, the printer model would receive a functional-adder allowance of 0.5 W for USB and 0.1 for the memory card reader, for a total of 0.6 W of total functional-adder allowances. Since OM Table 2 (Table 27) provides a Sleep mode marking-engine criterion of 3 W, to determine qualification under ENERGY STAR, the manufacturer would sum the Sleep mode marking-engine criterion with the applicable functional-adder allowances to determine the maximum power consumption permitted for qualification of the base product: 3 W + 0,6 W. If the power consumption of the printer in Sleep mode measures at or below 3.6 W, then the printer would meet the ENERGY STAR Sleep criterion.

Table 27

Qualifying Products: OM Functional Adders

Type

Details

Functional Adder Allowances (W)

 

 

Primary

Secondary

Interfaces

A. Wired < 20 MHz

0.3

0.2

A physical data- or network-connection port present on the imaging product that is capable of a transfer rate < 20 MHz. Includes USB 1.x, IEEE488, IEEE 1284/Parallel/Centronics and RS232.

B. Wired ≥ 20 MHz and < 500 MHz

0.5

0.2

A physical data- or network-connection port present on the imaging product that is capable of a transfer rate ≥ 20 MHz and < 500 MHz. Includes USB 2.x, IEEE 1394/FireWire/i.LINK, and 100Mb Ethernet.

C. Wired ≥ 500 MHz

1.5

0.5

A physical data- or network-connection port present on the imaging product that is capable of a transfer rate ≥ 500 MHz. Includes 1G Ethernet.

D. Wireless

3.0

0.7

A data- or network-connection interface present on the imaging product that is designed to transfer data via radio-frequency wireless means includes Bluetooth and 802.11.

E. Wired card/camera/storage

0.5

0.1

A physical data- or network-connection port present on the imaging product that is designed to allow the connection of an external device, such as flash memory-card/smart-card readers and camera interfaces (including PictBridge).

G. Infrared

0.2

0.2

A data- or network-connection interface present on the imaging product that is designed to transfer data via infrared technology. Includes IrDA.

Other

Storage

0.2

Internal storage drives present on the imaging product. Includes internal drives only (e.g., disk drives, DVD drives, Zip drives), and applies to each separate drive. This adder does not cover interfaces to external drives (e.g., SCSI) or internal memory.

Scanners with CCFL lamps

2.0

The presence of a scanner that uses Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (CCFL) technology. This adder is applied only once, regardless of the lamp size or the number of lamps/bulbs employed.

Scanners with non-CCFL lamps

0.5

The presence of a scanner that uses a lamp technology other than CCFL. This adder is applied only once, regardless of the lamp size or the number of lamps/bulbs employed. This adder addresses scanners using Light-Emitting Diode (LED), Halogen, Hot-Cathode Fluorescent Tube (HCFT), Xenon, or Tubular Fluorescent (TL) technologies.

PC-based system (cannot print/copy/scan without use of significant PC resources)

–0.5

This adder applies to imaging products that rely on an external computer for significant resources, such as memory and data processing, to perform basic functions commonly performed by imaging products independently, such as page rendering. This adder does not apply to products that simply use a computer as a source or destination for image data.

Cordless handset

0.8

The capability of the imaging product to communicate with a cordless handset. This adder is applied only once, regardless of the number of cordless handsets the product is designed to handle. This adder does not address the power requirements of the cordless handset itself.

Memory

1.0 W per 1 GB

 

The internal capacity available in the imaging product for storing data. This adder applies to all volumes of internal memory and should be scaled accordingly. For example, a unit with 2.5 GB of memory would receive an allowance of 2.5 W while a unit with 0.5 GB would receive an allowance of 0.5 W.

Other

Power-supply (PS) size, based on PS output rating (OR)

[Note: this adder does not apply to scanners]

For PSOR > 10 W,

0.05 x (PSOR – 10 W)

This adder applies to all imaging products except for scanners. The allowance is calculated from the internal or external power supply's rated DC output as specified by the power supply manufacturer. (It is not a measured quantity). For example, a unit that is rated to provide up to 3 A at 12 V has a PSOR of 36 W and would receive an allowance of 0.05 x (36-10) = 0.05 × 26 = 1.3 W of power supply allowance. For supplies that provide more than one voltage, the sum of power from all voltages is used unless the specifications note that there is a rated limit lower than this. For example, a supply which can supply 3A of 24 V and 1.5 A of 5 V output has a total PSOR of (3 × 24) + (1.5 × 5) = 79.5 W, and an allowance of 3 475 W.

For the adder allowances shown in Qualifying Products Table 25 above, distinctions are made for ‘Primary’ and ‘Secondary’ types of adders. These designations refer to the state in which the interface is required to remain while the imaging product is in Sleep. Connections that remain active during the OM test procedure while the imaging product is in Sleep are defined as Primary, while connections that can be inactive while the imaging product is in Sleep are defined as Secondary. Most functional adders typically are Secondary types.

Manufacturers should consider only the adder types that are available on a product in its as-shipped configuration. Options available to the consumer after the product is shipped or interfaces that are present on the product's externally-powered digital front-end (DFE) should not be considered when applying allowances to the imaging product.

For products with multiple interfaces, these interfaces should be considered as unique and separate. However, interfaces that perform multiple functions should only be considered once. For example, a USB connection that operates as both 1.x and 2.x may be counted only once and given a single allowance. When a particular interface may fall under more than one interface Type according to the table, the manufacturer should choose the function that the interface is primarily designed to perform when determining the appropriate adder allowance. For example, a USB connection on the front of the imaging product that is marketed as a PictBridge or ‘camera interface’ in product literature should be considered a Type E interface rather than a Type B interface. Similarly, a memory-card-reader slot that supports multiple formats may only be counted once. Further, a system that supports more than one type of 802.11 may count as only one wireless interface.

Table 28

OM Table 1

Product(s): Copiers, MFDs

Size Format(s): Large Format

Marking Technologies: Colour DS, Colour TT, DT, Mono DS, Mono EP, Mono TT, Colour EP, SI

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

58


Table 29

OM Table 2

Product(s): Fax Machines, MFDs, Printers

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: Colour IJ, Mono IJ

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

3


Table 30

OM Table 3

Product(s): MFDs, Printers

Size Format(s): Large Format

Marking Technologies: Colour IJ, Mono IJ

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

13


Table 31

OM Table 4

Product(s): Mailing Machines

Size Format(s): N/A

Marking Technologies: DT, Mono EP, Mono IJ, Mono TT

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

3


Table 32

OM Table 5

Product(s): Printers

Size Format(s): Small Format

Marking Technologies: Colour DS, DT, Colour IJ, Colour Impact, Colour TT, Mono DS, Mono EP, Mono IJ, Mono Impact, Mono TT, Colour EP, SI

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

3


Table 33

OM Table 6

Product(s): Printers

Size Format(s): Standard-size

Marking Technologies: Colour Impact, Mono Impact

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

6


Table 34

OM Table 7

Product(s): Scanners

Size Format(s): Large Format, Small Format, Standard-size

Marking Technologies: N/A

 

Sleep (W)

Scanning Engine

5


Table 35

OM Table 8

Product(s): Printers

Size Format(s): Large Format

Marking Technologies: Colour DS, Colour Impact, Colour TT, DT, Mono DS, Mono EP, Mono Impact, Mono TT, Colour EP, SI

 

Sleep (W)

Marking Engine

54

D.   Testing Guidelines

The specific instructions for testing the energy efficiency of imaging equipment products are outlined in three separate sections below entitled:

Typical Electricity Consumption Test Procedure;

Operational Mode Test Procedure;

and

Test Conditions and Equipment for ENERGY STAR Imaging Equipment Products.

The test results produced by these procedures shall be used as the primary basis for determining ENERGY STAR qualification.

Manufacturers are required to perform tests and self-certify those product models that meet the Energy Star guidelines. Families of imaging equipment models that are built on the same chassis and are identical in every respect except for housing and colour may be qualified through submission of test data for a single, representative model. Likewise, models that are unchanged or that differ only in finish from those sold in a previous year may remain qualified without the submission of new test data, assuming the specification remains unchanged.

If a product model is offered in the market in multiple configurations as a product ‘family’ or series, the partner may test and report the highest configuration available in the family, rather than each and every individual model. When submitting model families, manufacturers continue to be held accountable for any efficiency claims made about their imaging products, including those not tested or for which data was not reported.

Example: Models A and B are identical, with the exception that model A is shipped with a wired interface > 500 MHz, and model B is shipped with a wired interface < 500 MHz. If model A is tested and meets the ENERGY STAR specification, then the partner may report the test data solely for model A, to represent both models A and B.

If a product's electrical power comes from Mains, USB, IEEE1394, Power-over-Ethernet, telephone system, or any other means or combinations of means, the net AC electrical power consumed by the product (taking into account ac-to-dc conversion losses, as specified in the OM test procedure) must be used for qualification.

1.

Additional testing and reporting requirements are provided below.

Number of Units Required for Test

Testing shall be conducted by the manufacturer or its authorised representative on a single unit of a model.

(a)

For products outlined in Section VII.B Table 15 of this specification, if the initial unit tested has TEC test results that meet the eligibility criteria but fall within 10 % of the criteria level, one additional unit of the same model must also be tested. Manufacturers shall report values for both units. To qualify as ENERGY STAR, both units must meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

(b)

For products outlined in Section VII.C Table 16 of this specification, if the initial unit tested has OM test results that meet the eligibility criteria but fall within 15 % of the criteria level in any of the specified operating modes for that product type, then two more units shall be tested. To qualify as ENERGY STAR, all three units must meet the ENERGY STAR specification.

Submittal of Qualified Product Data to EPA or the European Commission, as appropriate

Partners are required to self-certify those product models that meet the ENERGY STAR guidelines and report information to EPA or the European Commission, as appropriate. The information to be reported for products shall be outlined shortly following publication of the final specification. In addition, partners must submit to EPA or the European Commission, as appropriate, excerpts from product literature that explain to consumers the recommended default delay-times for power management settings. The intent of this requirement is to support that products are being tested as shipped and recommended for use.

Models Capable of Operating at Multiple Voltage/Frequency Combinations

Manufacturers shall test their products based on the market(s) in which the models will be sold and promoted as ENERGY STAR qualified. EPA, the European Commission and their ENERGY STAR Country Partners have agreed upon a table with three voltage/frequency combinations for testing purposes. Please refer to the Imaging Equipment Test Conditions for details regarding international voltage/frequency and paper sizes for each market.

For products that are sold as ENERGY STAR in multiple international markets and therefore rated at multiple input voltages, the manufacturer must test at and report the required power consumption or efficiency values at all relevant voltage/frequency combinations. For example, a manufacturer that is shipping the same model to the United States and Europe must measure, meet the specification, and report test values at both 115 Volts/60 Hz and 230 Volts/50 Hz in order to qualify the model as ENERGY STAR in both markets. If a model qualifies as ENERGY STAR at only one voltage/frequency combination (e.g., 115 Volts/60 Hz), then it may only be qualified and promoted as ENERGY STAR in those regions that support the tested voltage/frequency combination (e.g., North America and Taiwan).

2.

Typical Electricity Consumption (TEC) Test Procedure

(a)

Types of Products Covered: The TEC test procedure is for the measurement of Standard-size products defined in Section VII.B Table 15.

(b)

Test Parameters

This section describes the test parameters to use when measuring a product under the TEC test procedure. This section does not cover test conditions, which are outlined in Section VII.D.4, below.

Testing in Simplex

Products shall be tested in simplex mode. Originals for copying shall be simplex images.

Test Image

The test image is Test Pattern A from ISO/IEC standard 10561:1999. It shall be rendered in 10 point size in a fixed-width Courier font (or nearest equivalent); German-specific characters need not be reproduced if the product is incapable of doing so. The image shall be rendered on an 8.5″ × 11″ or A4 sheet of paper, as appropriate for the intended market. For printers and MFDs that can interpret a page description language (PDL) (e.g., PCL, Postscript), images shall be sent to the product in a PDL.

Testing in Monochrome

Colour-capable products shall be tested making monochrome images unless incapable of doing so.

Auto-off and Network Enabling

The product shall be configured as-shipped and recommended for use, particularly for key parameters such as power-management default-delay times and resolution (except as specified below). All information from the manufacturer about recommended delay times shall be consistent with the as-shipped configuration, including those in operating manuals, on Web sites, and that provided by installation personnel. If a printer, digital duplicator or MFD with print-capability, or fax machine has an Auto-off capability and it is enabled as shipped, it shall be disabled prior to the test. Printers and MFDs that are capable of being network-connected as-shipped (19) shall be connected to a network. The type of network connection (or other data connection if not capable of being networked) is at the discretion of the manufacturer, and the type used shall be reported. Print jobs for the test may be sent over non-network connections (e.g., USB), even on those units that are network-connected.

Product Configuration

Paper source and finishing hardware shall be present and configured as-shipped and recommended for use; however, their use in the test is at the manufacturer's discretion (e.g., any paper source may be used). Anti-humidity features may be turned off if user-controllable. Any hardware that is part of the model and intended to be installed or attached by the user (e.g., a paper feature) shall be installed prior to this test.

Digital Duplicators

Digital duplicators should be set up and used in accordance with their design and capabilities. For example, each job should include only one original image. Digital duplicators shall be tested at maximum claimed speed, which is also the speed that should be used to determine the job size for performing the test, not at the default speed as-shipped, if different. Digital duplicators shall be otherwise treated as printers, copiers, or MFDs, depending on their capabilities as shipped.

(c)

Job Structure

This section describes how to determine the number of images per job to use when measuring a product under the TEC test procedure, and jobs per day for the TEC calculation.

For purposes of this test procedure, the speed of the product that is used to determine the job size for the test shall be the manufacturer's reported maximum claimed simplex speed for making monochrome images on standard-sized paper (8.5″ × 11″ or A4), rounded to the nearest integer. This speed will also be used for reporting purposes as the Product Speed of the model. The default output speed of the product, which shall be used in the actual testing, is not measured and may differ from the maximum claimed speed due to factors such as settings for resolution, image quality, printing modes, document scan time, job size and structure, and paper size and weight.

Fax machines should always test with one image per job. The number of images per job to be used for all other IE products shall be computed according to the following three steps. For convenience, Table 37 provides the resultant images per job computation for each integral Product Speed up through 100 images per minute (ipm).

(i)

Calculate the number of jobs per day. The number of jobs per day varies with Product Speed:

For units with a speed of eight ipm or less, use eight jobs per day.

For units with a speed between eight and 32 ipm, the number of jobs per day is equal to the speed. For example, a 14 ipm unit shall use 14 jobs per day.

For units with a speed of 32 ipm and above, use 32 jobs per day.

(ii)

Calculate the nominal amount of images per day  (20) from Table 34. For example, a 14 ipm unit shall use 0.50 × 142, or 98 images per day.

Table 36

Imaging Equipment Job Table

Product type

Rating to use

Formula (images per day)

Monochrome (except fax)

monochrome speed

0.50 × ipm2

Colour (except fax)

monochrome speed

0.50 × ipm2

(iii)

Calculate the number of images per job by dividing the number of images per day by the number of jobs per day. Round down (truncate) to the nearest integer. For example, a figure of 15.8 indicates that 15 images should be made per job, rather than rounding to 16 images per job.

For copiers below 20 ipm, there shall be one original per required image. For jobs with large numbers of images, such as those for machines greater than 20 ipm, it may not be possible to match the number of required images, particularly with limits on the capacity of document feeders. Therefore, copiers 20 ipm and above may make multiple copies of each original as long as the number of originals is at least ten. This may result in more images being made than required. As an example, for a 50 ipm unit that requires 39 images per job, the test may be done with four copies of ten originals or three copies of 13 originals.

(d)

Measurement Procedures

To measure time, an ordinary stopwatch and timing to a resolution of one second is sufficient. All energy figures are to be recorded as watt-hours (Wh). All time is to be recorded in seconds or minutes. ‘Zero meter’ references are to the ‘Wh’ readout of the meter. Tables 35 and 36 outline the steps of the TEC procedure.

Service/maintenance modes (including colour calibration) should generally not be included in TEC measurements. Any such modes that occur during the test shall be noted. If a service mode occurs during a job other than the first, that job may be dropped and a substitute job added to the test. In the case a substitute job is needed, do not record the energy values for the dropped job and add the substitute job immediately after Job 4. The 15-minute job interval shall be maintained at all times, including for the job that is dropped.

MFDs without print capability are to be treated as copiers for all purposes of this test procedure.

(i)

Procedure for Printers, Digital Duplicators and MFDs with Print Capability, and Fax Machines

Table 37

TEC Test Procedure – Printers, Digital Duplicators and MFDs with Print Capability, and Fax Machines

Step

Initial State

Action

Record (at end of step)

Possible States Measured

1

Off

Plug the unit into meter. Zero the meter; wait test period (five minutes or more).

Off energy

Off

Testing Interval time

2

Off

Turn on unit. Wait until unit indicates it is in Ready mode.

3

Ready

Print a job of at least one output image but no more than a single job per Job Table.

Record time to first sheet exiting unit. Wait until the meter shows that the unit has entered its final Sleep mode.

Active0 time

4

Sleep

Zero meter; wait one hour.

Sleep energy

Sleep

5

Sleep

Zero meter and timer. Print one job per Job Table. Record time to first sheet exiting unit. Wait until timer shows that 15 minutes have elapsed.

Job1 energy

Recovery, Active, Ready, Sleep

Active1 time

6

Ready

Repeat Step 5.

Job2 energy

Same as above

Active2 time

7

Ready

Repeat Step 5 (without Active time measurement).

Job3 energy

Same as above

8

Ready

Repeat Step 5 (without Active time measurement).

Job4 energy

Same as above

9

Ready

Zero meter and timer. Wait until meter and/or unit shows that unit has entered its final Sleep mode.

Final time

Ready, Sleep

Final energy

Notes:

Before beginning the test, it is helpful to check the power management default-delay times to ensure they are as-shipped, and to confirm that there is plenty of paper in the device.

‘Zero meter’ references may be accomplished by recording the accumulated energy consumption at that time rather than literally zeroing the meter.

Step 1 – The Off measurement period can be longer if desired to reduce measurement error. Note that the Off power is not used in the calculations.

Step 2 – If the unit has no Ready indicator, use the time at which the power consumption level stabilises to the Ready level.

Step 3 – After recording the Active0 time, the remainder of this job can be cancelled.

Step 5 – The 15 minutes is from the job initiation. The unit must show increased energy consumption within five seconds of zeroing the meter and timer; it may be necessary to initiate the printing before zeroing to assure this.

Step 6 – A unit that is shipped with short default-delay times might begin Steps 6-8 from Sleep.

Step 9 – Units may have multiple Sleep modes so that all but the last Sleep mode are included in the Final period.

Each image shall be sent separately; they all may be part of the same document, but shall not be specified in the document as multiple copies of a single original image (unless the product is a digital duplicator, as specified in Section VII.D.2(b)).

For fax machines, which only use one image per job, the page shall be fed into the unit's document feeder for convenience copying, and may be placed in the document feeder before the test begins. The unit need not be connected to a telephone line unless the telephone line is necessary for performing the test. For example, if the fax machine lacks convenience copying capability, then the job performed in Step 2 shall be sent via phone line. On fax machines without a document feeder, the page should be placed on the platen.

(ii)

Procedure for Copiers, Digital Duplicators, and MFDs without Print Capability

Table 38

TEC Test Procedure – Copiers, Digital Duplicators, and MFDs without Print Capability

Step

Initial State

Action

Record (at end of step)

Possible States Measured

1

Off

Plug the unit into meter. Zero the meter; wait test period (five minutes or more).

Off energy

Off

Testing Interval time

2

Off

Turn on unit. Wait until unit indicates it is in Ready mode.

3

Ready

Copy a job of at least one image but no more than a single job per Job Table. Record time to first sheet exiting unit. Wait until the meter shows that the unit has entered its final Sleep mode.

Active0 time

4

Sleep

Zero meter; Wait one hour. If unit turns Off in less than one hour, record time and energy in Sleep, but wait full hour before moving to Step 5.

Sleep energy

Sleep

Testing Interval time

5

Sleep

Zero meter and timer. Copy one job per Job Table. Record time to first sheet exiting unit. Wait until timer shows that 15 minutes has elapsed.

Job1 energy

Recovery, Active, Ready, Sleep, Auto-off

Active1 time

6

Ready

Repeat Step 5.

Job2 energy

Same as above

Active2 time

7

Ready

Repeat Step 5 (without Active time measurement).

Job3 energy

Same as above

8

Ready

Repeat Step 5 (without Active time measurement).

Job4 energy

Same as above

9

Ready

Zero meter and timer. Wait until meter and/or unit shows that unit has entered its Auto-off mode.

Final energy

Ready, Sleep

Final time

10

Auto-off

Zero the meter; wait test period (five minutes or more).

Auto-off energy

Auto-off

Notes:

Before beginning the test, it is helpful to check the power management default-delay times to ensure they are as-shipped, and to confirm that there is plenty of paper in the device.

‘Zero meter’ references may be accomplished by recording the accumulated energy consumption at that time rather than literally zeroing the meter.

Step 1 – The Off measurement period can be longer if desired to reduce measurement error. Note that the Off power is not used in the calculations.

Step 2 – If the unit has no Ready indicator, use the time at which the power consumption level stabilises to the Ready level.

Step 3 – After recording the Active0 time, the remainder of this job can be cancelled.

Step 4 – If the unit turns off within this hour, record the Sleep energy and time at that point in time, but wait until a full hour has elapsed since the final Sleep mode was initiated before beginning Step 5. Note that the Sleep power measurement is not used within the calculation, and the unit may enter Auto-off within the full hour.

Step 5 – The 15 minutes is from the job initiation. In order to be evaluated by this test procedure, products must be able to complete the required job per the Job Table within the 15-minute job interval.

Step 6 – A unit that is shipped with short default-delay times might begin Steps 6-8 from Sleep or Auto-off.

Step 9 – If the unit has already entered Auto-off before the start of Step 9, then the values for final energy and final time are zero.

Step 10 – The Auto-off testing interval may be longer to improve accuracy.

Originals may be placed in the document feeder before the test begins. Products without a document feeder may make all images off of a single original placed on the platen.

(iii)

Additional Measurement for Products with a Digital Front End (DFE)

This step applies only to products that have a DFE as defined in Section VII.A.29.

If the DFE has a separate mains power cord, regardless of whether the cord and controller are internal or external to the imaging product, a five-minute energy measurement of the DFE alone shall be made while the main product is in Ready mode. The unit must be connected to a network if network-capable as shipped.

If the DFE does not have a separate mains power cord, the manufacturer shall document the ac power required for the DFE when the unit as a whole is in a Ready mode. This will most commonly be accomplished by taking an instantaneous power measurement of the dc input to the DFE and increasing this power level to account for losses in the power supply.

(e)

Calculation Methods

The TEC value reflects assumptions about how many hours a day the product is in general use, the pattern of use during those hours, and the default-delay times that the product uses to transition to lower power modes. All electricity measurements are made as accumulated energy over time, and then converted to power by dividing by the length of the time period.

The calculations are based on imaging jobs being in two clusters each day with the unit going to its lowest power mode in between (as during a lunch break), as illustrated in Figure 2, which can be found at the end of this document. It is assumed that weekends have no usage, and no manual switching-off is done.

Final Time is the period of time from the last job being initiated to the start of the lowest power mode (Auto-off for copiers, digital duplicators and MFDs without print-capability; and Sleep for printers, digital duplicators and MFDs with print-capability, and fax machines) minus the 15-minute job interval time.

The following two equations are used for all product types:

Average Job Energy = (Job2 + Job3 + Job4) / 3 Daily Job Energy = (Job1 × 2) + [(Jobs per Day – 2) × Average Job Energy)]

The calculation method for printers, digital duplicators and MFDs with print-capability, and fax machines also uses the following three equations:

Daily Sleep Energy = [24 hours – ((Jobs per day / 4) + (Final Time × 2))] × Sleep Power Daily Energy = Daily Job Energy + (2 × Final Energy) + Daily Sleep Energy TEC = (Daily Energy × 5) + (Sleep Power × 48)

The calculation method for copiers, digital duplicators, and MFDs without print-capability also uses the following three equations:

Daily Auto-off Energy = [24 hours – ((Jobs per day / 4) + (Final Time × 2))] × Auto-off Power Daily Energy = Daily Job Energy + (2 × Final Energy) + Daily Auto-off Energy TEC = (Daily Energy × 5) + (Auto-off Power × 48)

The specifications of the metering equipment and ranges used in each measurement shall be reported. Measurements must be conducted so as to result in a total potential error of the TEC value of no more than 5 %. Accuracy does not need to be reported for cases where the potential error is below 5 %. When the potential measurement error is close to 5 %, manufacturers should take measures to confirm that it complies with the 5 % limit.

(f)

References

ISO/IEC 10561:1999. Information technology – Office equipment – Printing devices – Method for measuring throughput – Class 1 and Class 2 printers.

Table 39

Job Table Calculated

Speed

Jobs/Day

Interim Images/Day

Interim Images/Job

Images/Job

Images/Day

1

8

1

0.06

1

8

2

8

2

0.25

1

8

3

8

5

0.56

1

8

4

8

8

1.00

1

8

5

8

13

1.56

1

8

6

8

18

2.25

2

16

7

8

25

3.06

3

24

8

8

32

4.00

4

32

9

9

41

4.50

4

36

10

10

50

5.00

5

50

11

11

61

5.50

5

55

12

12

72

6.00

6

72

13

13

85

6.50

6

78

14

14

98

7.00

7

98

15

15

113

7.50

7

105

16

16

128

8.00

8

128

17

17

145

8.50

8

136

18

18

162

9.00

9

162

19

19

181

9.50

9

171

20

20

200

10.00

10

200

21

21

221

10.50

10

210

22

22

242

11.00

11

242

23

23

265

11.50

11

253

24

24

288

12.00

12

288

25

25

313

12.50

12

300

26

26

338

13.00

13

338

27

27

365

13.50

13

351

28

28

392

14.00

14

392

29

29

421

14.50

14

406

30

30

450

15.00

15

450

31

31

481

15.50

15

465

32

32

512

16.00

16

512

33

32

545

17.02

17

544

34

32

578

18.06

18

576

35

32

613

19.14

19

608

36

32

648

20.25

20

640

37

32

685

21.39

21

672

38

32

722

22.56

22

704

39

32

761

23.77

23

736

40

32

800

25.00

25

800

41

32

841

26.27

26

832

42

32

882

27.56

27

864

43

32

925

28.89

28

896

44

32

968

30.25

30

960

45

32

1013

31.64

31

992

46

32

1058

33.06

33

1056

47

32

1105

34.52

34

1088

48

32

1152

36.00

36

1152

49

32

1201

37.52

37

1184

50

32

1250

39.06

39

1248

51

32

1301

40.64

40

1280

52

32

1352

42.25

42

1344

53

32

1405

43.89

43

1376

54

32

1458

45.56

45

1440

55

32

1513

47.27

47

1504

56

32

1568

49.00

49

1568

57

32

1625

50.77

50

1600

58

32

1682

52.56

52

1664

59

32

1741

54.39

54

1728

60

32

1800

56.25

56

1792

61

32

1861

58.14

58

1856

62

32

1922

60.06

60

1920

63

32

1985

62.02

62

1984

64

32

2048

64.00

64

2048

65

32

2113

66.02

66

2112

66

32

2178

68.06

68

2176

67

32

2245

70.14

70

2240

68

32

2312

72.25

72

2304

69

32

2381

74.39

74

2368

70

32

2450

76.56

76

2432

71

32

2521

78.77

78

2496

72

32

2592

81.00

81

2592

73

32

2665

83.27

83

2656

74

32

2738

85.56

85

2720

75

32

2813

87.89

87

2784

76

32

2888

90.25

90

2880

77

32

2965

92.64

92

2944

78

32

3042

95.06

95

3040

79

32

3121

97.52

97

3104

80

32

3200

100.00

100

3200

81

32

3281

102.52

102

3264

82

32

3362

105.06

105

3360

83

32

3445

107.64

107

3424

84

32

3528

110.25

110

3520

85

32

3613

112.89

112

3584

86

32

3698

115.56

115

3680

87

32

3785

118.27

118

3776

88

32

3872

121.00

121

3872

89

32

3961

123.77

123

3936

90

32

4050

126.56

126

4032

91

32

4141

129.39

129

4128

92

32

4232

132.25

132

4224

93

32

4325

135.14

135

4320

94

32

4418

138.06

138

4416

95

32

4513

141.02

141

4512

96

32

4608

144.00

144

4608

97

32

4705

147.02

157

4704

98

32

4802

150.06

150

4800

99

32

4901

153.14

153

4896

100

32

5000

156.25

156

4992

Image

Figure 2 shows a graphic form of the measurement procedure. Note that products with short default-delay times may include periods of Sleep within the four job measurements, or Auto-off within the Sleep measurement in Step 4. Also, print-capable products with just one Sleep mode will not have a Sleep mode in the final period. Step 10 only applies to copiers, digital duplicators, and MFDs without print-capability.

Image

Figure 3 shows a schematic example of an eight-ipm copier that performs four jobs in morning, four jobs in afternoon, has two ‘final’ periods and an Auto-off mode for the remainder of the workday and all of the weekend. An assumed ‘lunchtime’ period is implied but not explicit. The figure is not drawn to scale. As shown, jobs are always 15 minutes apart and in two clusters. There are always two full ‘final’ periods regardless of the length of these periods. Printers, digital duplicators and MFDs with print capability, and fax machines use Sleep rather than Auto-off as the base mode but are otherwise treated the same as copiers.

3.

Operational Mode (OM) Test Procedure

(a)

Types of Products Covered: The OM Test Procedure is for the measurement of products defined in Section VII.B, Table 16.

(b)

Test Parameters

This section describes the test parameters to use when measuring a product's power consumption under the OM Test Procedure.

Network Connectivity

Products that are capable of being network-connected as-shipped (21) shall be connected to at least one network during the test procedure. The type of network connection that is active is at the discretion of the manufacturer, and the type used shall be reported.

The product shall not receive operating power over the network connection (e.g., via Power over Ethernet, USB, USB PlusPower, or IEEE 1394) unless that is the only source of power for the product (i.e., no ac power source is present).

Product Configuration

The product shall be configured as shipped and recommended for use, particularly for key parameters such as power management default-delay times, print quality, and resolution. In addition:

Paper source and finishing hardware shall be present and configured as shipped; however, use of these features in the test is at the manufacturer's discretion (e.g., any paper source may be used). Any hardware that is part of the model and intended to be installed or attached by the user (e.g., a paper feature) shall be installed prior to this test.

Anti-humidity features may be turned off if they are user-controllable.

For fax machines, a page shall be fed into the unit's document feeder for convenience copying, and may be placed in the document feeder before the test begins. The unit need not be connected to a telephone line unless the telephone line is necessary for performing the test. For example, if the fax machine lacks convenience copying capability, then the job performed in Step 2 shall be sent via phone line. On fax machines without a document feeder, the page should be placed on the platen.

If a product has an Auto-off mode enabled as shipped, it shall be enabled prior to performing the test.

Speed

When conducting power measurements under this test procedure, the product shall produce images at the speed resultant from its default settings as shipped. However, the manufacturer's reported maximum claimed simplex speed for making monochrome images on standard-sized paper shall be used for reporting purposes.

(c)

Power Measurement Method

All power measurements are to be made in accordance with IEC 62301 with the following exceptions:

To determine the voltage/frequency combinations to be used during testing, see the Test Conditions and Equipment for ENERGY STAR Imaging Equipment Products in Section VII.D.4.

The harmonics requirement used during testing is that specified in the IE Test Conditions document, which is more stringent than that required by IEC 62301.

The accuracy requirement for this OM test procedure is 2 % for all measurements except for Ready power. The accuracy requirement for measuring Ready power is 5 %, as provided in the Idocument. Thetions document. The 2 % figure is consistent with IEC 62301, although the IEC standard expresses it as a confidence level.

For products designed to operate using batteries when not connected to the mains, the battery shall be left in place for the test; however, the measurement should not reflect active battery charging beyond maintenance charging (i.e., the battery should be fully charged before beginning the test).

Products with external power supplies shall be tested with the product connected to the external power supply.

Products powered by a standard low voltage dc supply (e.g., USB, USB PlusPower, IEEE 1394, and Power Over Ethernet) shall utilise a suitable ac-powered source of the dc power. This ac-powered source's energy consumption shall be measured and reported for the imaging equipment product under test. For imaging equipment powered by USB, a powered hub serving only the imaging equipment being tested shall be used. For imaging equipment powered by Power Over Ethernet or USB PlusPower, it is acceptable to measure the power distribution device with and without the imaging product connected, and use this difference as the imaging product's consumption. The manufacturer should confirm that this reasonably reflects the unit's dc consumption plus some allowance for power supply and distribution inefficiency.

(d)

Measurement Procedure

To measure time, an ordinary stopwatch and timing to a resolution of one second is sufficient. All power figures are to be recorded in watts (W). Table 38 outlines the steps of the OM test procedure.

Service/maintenance modes (including colour calibration) generally should not be included in measurements. Any adaptation of the procedure needed to exclude such modes that occur during the test shall be noted.

As stated above, all power measurements are to be made in accordance with IEC 62301. Depending on the nature of the mode, IEC 62301 provides for instantaneous power measurements, five-minute accumulated energy measurements, or accumulated energy measurements over periods long enough to properly assess cyclical consumption patterns. Regardless of the method, only power values should be reported.

Table 40

OM Test Procedure

Step

Initial State

Action

Record