Charter of Fundamental Rights

 

SUMMARY OF:

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE CHARTER?

It enshrines in European Union (EU) law a range of personal, civil, political, economic and social rights of EU citizens and residents.

KEY POINTS

Content

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the Charter) reaffirms, with due regard for the EU’s powers and tasks and for the principle of subsidiarity, the rights as they result, in particular, from the constitutional traditions and international obligations common to EU countries, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Social Charters adopted by the EU and by the Council of Europe and the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and of the European Court of Human Rights. By making fundamental rights clearer and more visible, it creates legal certainty within the EU.

The Charter of Fundamental Rights contains a preamble and 54 articles, grouped in 7 chapters:

Scope

The charter applies to the European institutions, subject to the principle of subsidiarity, and may under no circumstances extend the powers and tasks conferred on them by the treaties. The charter also applies to EU countries when they implement EU law.

If any of the rights correspond to rights guaranteed by the 1950 European Convention on Human Rights, the meaning and scope of those rights is to be the same as defined by the convention, though EU law may provide for more extensive protection.

Annual reports

Every year since 2010, the European Commission publishes an annual report. This monitors progress on the application of the charter.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENT

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. 389-405)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: 2015 Report on the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (COM(2016) 265 final, 18.5.2016)

last update 17.10.2016