Landfill of waste

There are many different ways of disposing of waste. Burying it in the ground, known as landfilling, is the least environmentally sustainable and should be kept to the absolute minimum.

ACT

Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste.

SUMMARY

WHAT DOES THE DIRECTIVE DO?

It aims to prevent, or reduce as much as possible, any negative impact from landfilling on surface water, groundwater, soil, air or human health. It does so by introducing stringent technical requirements.

KEY POINTS

On 16 April 2014, EU legislation was adopted to strengthen the quality of the environmental impact procedure set out in Directive 2011/92/EU. This was necessary to ensure coherence and synergy with other areas of European legislation and policies.

Decision 2003/33/EC lays down the criteria and procedures for the acceptance of waste at landfills.

For more information, see the waste landfill pages of the European Commission’s website.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Directive 1999/31/EC

16.7.1999

16.7.2001

OJ L 182, 16.07.1999, pp. 1-19

Amending act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003

20.11.2003

-

OJ L 284, 31.10.2003, pp. 1-53

Regulation (EC) No 1137/2008

11.12.2008

-

OJ L 311, 21.11.2008, pp. 1-54

Directive 2011/97/EU

13.12.2011

15.3.2013

OJ L 328, 10.12.2011, pp. 49-52

Successive amendments and corrections to Directive 1999/31/EC have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED ACTS

Directive 2014/52/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Directive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment (Official Journal L 124, 25.4.2014, pp. 1-18).

Council Decision 2003/33/EC of 19 December 2002 establishing criteria and procedures for the acceptance of waste at landfills pursuant to Article 16 of and Annex II to Directive 1999/31/EC (OJ L 11, 16.1.2003, pp. 27-49).

last update 22.05.2015