EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA)

Council Regulation (EC) No 168/2007 establishing a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights


Council Regulation (EC) No 168/2007 of 15 February 2007 establishing a European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights


The Agency for Fundamental Rights provides EU institutions and governments with assistance on fundamental rights when implementing EU law.


It creates a dedicated, EU-level body for fundamental rights - the Agency - and lays down its main tasks and objectives, functioning and internal governance.


The regulation defines the Agency’s activities as the following:

supplying expertise to EU institutions and EU countries on fundamental rights, so they can make sure any action they take or laws they pass complies with these rights,

formulating opinions for EU institutions and governments either on its own initiative or at their request (for example on whether their actions or legislative proposals are compatible with fundamental rights),

collecting, analysing and distributing reliable and comparable information on the specific effects of EU action on people’s fundamental rights,

undertaking scientific research and surveys on fundamental rights,

issuing publications on specific topics or on the implementation of fundamental rights law by EU institutions and governments,

publishing an annual report on the issues covered by its remit, highlighting examples of best practice,

designing communication strategies or campaigns and promoting dialogue with civil society to raise public awareness of fundamental rights,

suggesting mechanisms for enforcing these rights.

The Agency does not, however, deal with individual complaints.

5-yearly activity plans

The Agency’s activities are based on a Multiannual Framework adopted by the EU Council which identifies the specific issues it will work on over a 5-year period, in line with the EU’s overall priorities.

These must include ‘racism, xenophobia and related intolerance’.

Cooperation with other bodies

The Agency must maintain close links with:

EU countries’ governments and civil society groups, such as the Fundamental Rights Platform,


From 23 February 2007.


The Agency replaced its predecessor body - the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia - in Vienna, taking over its work.

For more information see:



Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EC) No 168/2007



OJ L 53, 22.2.2007, pp. 1-14


Council Decision No 252/2013/EU of 11 March 2013 establishing a Multiannual Framework for 2013-2017 for the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (OJ L 79, 21.3.2013, pp. 1-3)

last update 30.07.2015