Energy performance of buildings

 

SUMMARY OF:

Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?

KEY POINTS

Amendments to the original directive

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

Directive 2010/31/EU has applied since 8 July 2010 and had to become law in the EU countries by 9 July 2012.

Directive (EU) 2018/844 has applied since 9 July 2018 and has to become law in the EU countries by 10 March 2020.

BACKGROUND

The building sector in the EU is the largest single energy consumer in Europe, absorbing 40% of energy, and about 75% of buildings are energy inefficient. Given these poor energy efficiency levels, decarbonising the building stock is one of the EU’s long-term goals. This directive is an important element in making buildings more efficient.

For more information, see

KEY TERMS

Technical building system: technical equipment for space heating, space cooling, ventilation, domestic hot water, built-in lighting, building automation and control, on-site electricity generation, or a combination thereof, including those systems using energy from renewable sources, of a building or building unit.
Nearly zero-energy building: a building that has a very high energy performance. The very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very significant extent from renewable sources, including energy from renewable sources produced on-site or nearby.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast) (OJ L 153, 18.6.2010, pp. 13-35)

Successive amendments to Directive 2010/31/EU have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Recommendation (EU) 2016/1318 of 29 July 2016 on guidelines for the promotion of nearly zero-energy buildings and best practices to ensure that, by 2020, all new buildings are nearly zero-energy buildings (OJ L 208, 2.8.2016, pp. 46-57)

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Progress by Member States towards nearly zero-energy buildings (COM(2013) 483 final/2, 28.6.2013)

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: Financial support for energy efficiency in buildings (COM(2013) 225 final, 18.4.2013)

Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, pp. 1-56)

See consolidated version.

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 244/2012 of 16 January 2012 supplementing Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the energy performance of buildings by establishing a comparative methodology framework for calculating cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements for buildings and building elements (OJ L 81 of 21.3.2012, pp. 18-36)

See consolidated version.

last update 08.08.2018