Reducing greenhouse gases by 2020: Effort Sharing Decision

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) establishes binding annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets for European Union (EU) countries for the period 2013-20. These targets concern emissions from most sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), such as transport (except aviation and international maritime shipping), buildings, agriculture and waste.

ACT

Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020

SUMMARY

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) establishes binding annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets for European Union (EU) countries for the period 2013-20. These targets concern emissions from most sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), such as transport (except aviation and international maritime shipping), buildings, agriculture and waste.

The ESD forms part of a set of policies and measures on climate change and energy - known as the climate and energy package - that will help move Europe towards a low-carbon economy and increase its energy security.

WHAT DOES THE DECISION DO?

The ESD sets national emission targets for 2020, expressed as percentage changes from 2005 emission levels. It also fixes how many tonnes of GHG emissions each EU country may emit in each year from 2013 to 2020 in the sectors covered by the decision.

KEY POINTS

WHEN DOES THE DECISION APPLY?

From 2013 to 2020.

BACKGROUND

To tackle global warming, the EU is committed to reducing its GHG emissions by at least 20 % by 2020 compared to 1990. To reach this target, the EU has adopted two main laws:

For further information, see the European Commission’s webpage on the ESD.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Decision No 406/2009/EC

25.6.2009

-

OJ L 140 of 5.6.2009, pp. 136-148.

RELATED ACTS

Commission Decision 2013/162/EU of 26 March 2013 on determining Member States’ annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (Official Journal L 90 of 28.3.2013, pp. 106-110).

Commission Implementing Decision 2013/634/EU of 31 October 2013 on the adjustments to Member States’ annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (Official Journal L 292 of 1.11.2013, pp. 19-22).

last update 26.03.2015



(1) The United Kingdom withdraws from the European Union and becomes a third country (non-EU country) as of 1 February 2020.