2030 climate and energy framework – greenhouse gas emissions, land use change and forestry

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) 2018/841 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

The regulation:

KEY POINTS

The regulation applies to the following greenhouse gases (Annex I A) from different types of land use during two periods, 2021–2025 and 2026–2030:

Member States must:

Specific accounting rules on emissions and removals apply to managed cropland, managed grassland and managed wetland during the two time periods.

Accounts for managed forest land require Member States to:

They require the Commission to:

Accounts for harvested wood products require Member States to report emissions from paper, wood panels and sawn wood categories according to the methodology set out in Annex V.

Member States may:

Compliance and registry rules include the following requirements.

The Commission may adopt delegated and implementing acts to take account of scientific developments and technical progress or to ensure consistency between EU legislation and any changes in the guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

The regulation amends Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 (subsequently repealed and replaced by Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 – see summary) and Decision No 529/2013/EU (see summary).

In July 2021, the Commission proposed a regulation aimed at simplifying compliance rules, setting out national targets for 2030 and committing to climate neutrality in the land sector by 2035.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

It has applied since 9 July 2018.

BACKGROUND

KEY TERMS

Carbon pools. A system in which carbon, any precursor to a greenhouse gas containing carbon or any greenhouse gas containing carbon, is stored.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework, and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and Decision No 529/2013/EU (OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, pp. 1–25).

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/841 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulations (EU) 2018/841 as regards the scope, simplifying the compliance rules, setting out the targets of the Member States for 2030 and committing to the collective achievement of climate neutrality by 2035 in the land use, forestry and agriculture sector, and (EU) 2018/1999 as regards improvement in monitoring, reporting, tracking of progress and review (COM(2021) 554 final, 14.7.2021).

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/268 of 28 October 2020 amending Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the forest reference levels to be applied by the Member States for the period 2021-2025 (OJ L 60, 22.2.2021, pp. 21–23).

Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, amending Regulations (EC) No 663/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Directives 94/22/EC, 98/70/EC, 2009/31/EC, 2009/73/EC, 2010/31/EU, 2012/27/EU and 2013/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 2009/119/EC and (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, pp. 1–77).

See consolidated version.

Decision No 529/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on accounting rules on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities relating to land use, land-use change and forestry and on information concerning actions relating to those activities (OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, pp. 80–97).

See consolidated version.

last update 08.12.2021