Protection of persons who report breaches of EU law

 

SUMMARY OF:

Directive (EU) 2019/1937 on the protection of persons who report breaches of EU law

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?

It establishes rules and procedures to protect ‘whistleblowers’, individuals who report* information they acquired in a work-related context on breaches* of EU law in key policy areas. Breaches include both unlawful acts or omissions and abusive practices.

KEY POINTS

The directive covers reports on:

The directive complements specific EU legislation which already includes rules on whistleblowing (notably on financial services, money laundering, terrorist financing, transport safety and environmental protection).

The directive does not:

The legislation covers a wide range of people working in the private and public sectors, including those who report after their work-based relationship has ended:

Individuals are protected if they go public with their concerns provided they:

Reporting arrangements include:

Legal protection

To qualify for legal protection, an individual must:

Whistleblowers:

EU countries must:

The Commission submits to the European Parliament and the Council:

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

It has applied since 16 December 2019 and It has to become law in the EU countries by 17 December 2021.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Report: oral or written communication informing of a breach.
Breach: act or omission that is unlawful or defeats the aim of the EU legislation.
Retaliation: any direct or indirect behaviour at work which could harm the whistleblower.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law (OJ L 305, 26.11.2019, pp. 17-56)

last update 20.05.2020