Internal market in electricity (from 2021)

 

SUMMARY OF:

Directive (EU) 2019/944 on common rules for the internal market for electricity

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?

KEY POINTS

Customer rights

The directive clarifies and reinforces existing customer rights and introduces new ones:

Billing

Aggregators

EU countries must:

Citizen energy communities

Access to data and interoperability

Electromobility

Distribution system operators (DSOs)*:

Transmission system operators (TSOs)*:

National energy regulators:

Clean energy

This directive is part of the Clean Energy for all Europeans package.

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

It has applied since 1 January 2021.

Directive (EU) 2019/944 revises and replaces Directive 2009/72/EC and has to become law in the EU countries by 31 December 2020.

The original Directive 2009/72/EC had to become law in the EU countries by 2011.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Aggregator: a natural or legal person who combines multiple customer loads or generated electricity for sale, purchase or auction in any electricity market.
Distribution system operator: a natural or legal person responsible for operating and developing the electricity distribution system in an area, and its interconnections with other systems, and for ensuring the long-term ability of the system to meet reasonable demands for the distribution of electricity.
Transmission system operator: a natural or legal person who is responsible for operating and developing the electricity transmission system in an area, and its interconnections with other systems, and for ensuring the long-term ability of the system to meet reasonable demands for the transmission of electricity.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Directive (EU) 2019/944 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on common rules for the internal market for electricity and amending Directive 2012/27/EU (recast) (OJ L 158, 14.6.2019, pp. 125-199)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Regulation (EU) 2019/941 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on risk-preparedness in the electricity sector and repealing Directive 2005/89/EC (OJ L 158, 14.6.2019, pp. 1-21)

Regulation (EU) 2019/942 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (OJ L 158, 14.6.2019, pp. 22-53)

Regulation (EU) 2019/943 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the internal market for electricity (OJ L 158, 14.6.2019, pp. 54-124)

Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, amending Regulations (EC) No 663/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Directives 94/22/EC, 98/70/EC, 2009/31/EC, 2009/73/EC, 2010/31/EU, 2012/27/EU and 2013/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 2009/119/EC and (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, pp. 1-77)

Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, pp. 82-209)

Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC (OJ L 211, 14.8.2009, pp. 55-93)

last update 01.10.2019