EU rules on producing and labelling organic products (from 2022)

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) 2018/848 — rules on organic production and labelling of organic products

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE REGULATION?

It aims to revise and strengthen the European Union’s (EU) rules concerning organic production and the labelling of organic products in relation to:

In this way, it seeks to:

KEY POINTS

Principles

Organic production should:

Requirements

Among other things, organic farming must:

Production

To avoid adverse effects on the environment and on animal and plant health, producers must:

Conversion period

Certification

Official controls and labelling

Imports

A product may be imported from a non-EU country to be sold in the EU as an organic product if certain conditions are met. It must:

Implementing acts

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/464 lays down certain rules for applying Regulation (EU) 2018/848 as regards:

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/279 lays down rules for:

Delegated acts

The Commission has adopted several delegated acts amending the annexes to Regulation (EU) 2018/848.

In addition, two delegated regulations supplement the rules in Regulation (EU) 2018/848.

Repeal

Regulation (EU) 2018/848 repeals and replaces Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 (see summary) as of 1 January 2022.

FROM WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

It applies from 1 January 2022 (its application date having been postponed by 1 year by Regulation (EU) 2020/1693 in view of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related public health crisis).

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs): plants or animals bred by modifying their cellular and genetic make-up, in order to, for example, have a higher yield or resist disease.
Products produced from or by GMOs: (a) products produced from GMOs that are derived in whole or in part from GMOs, but do not themselves contain or consist of GMOs (e.g. potatoes produced from GMO seed potatoes); (b) products produced by GMOs that are derived using a GMO as the last living organism in the production process, but do not themselves contain or consist of GMOs, nor are they produced from GMOs (e.g. sugar and starch manufactured from a GMO vegetable source).
Certification: a certification system which identifies the producers who comply with the rules governing organic production and the labelling of organic products. Because small farmers individually face relatively high inspection costs and administrative burdens linked to organic certification, a system of group certification is introduced and defined, reflecting the needs and resource capacity of these farmers.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 (OJ L 150, 14.6.2018, pp. 1-92)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/848 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/771 of 21 January 2021 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council by laying down specific criteria and conditions for the checks of documentary accounts in the framework of official controls in organic production and the official controls of groups of operators (OJ L 165, 11.5.2021, pp. 25-27)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/715 of 20 January 2021 amending Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the requirements for groups of operators (OJ L 151, 3.5.2021, pp. 1-4)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/716 of 9 February 2021 amending Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards organic production rules on sprouted seeds and chicory heads, on feed for certain aquaculture animals and on aquaculture parasite treatments (OJ L 151, 3.5.2021, pp. 5-7)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/642 of 30 October 2020 amending Annex III to Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards certain information to be provided on the labelling of organic products (OJ L 133, 20.4.2021, pp. 1-4)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/2146 of 24 September 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards exceptional production rules in organic production (OJ L 428, 18.12.2020, pp. 5-8)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1794 of 16 September 2020 amending Part I of Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the use of in-conversion and non-organic plant reproductive material (OJ L 402, 1.12.2020, pp. 23-26)

See consolidated version.

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/464 of 26 March 2020 laying down certain rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the documents needed for the retroactive recognition of periods for the purpose of conversion, the production of organic products and information to be provided by Member States (OJ L 98, 31.3.2020, pp. 2-25)

See consolidated version.

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/427 of 13 January 2020 amending Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards certain detailed production rules for organic products (OJ L 87, 23.3.2020, pp. 1-3)

See consolidated version.

Regulation (EU) 2017/625 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on official controls and other official activities performed to ensure the application of food and feed law, rules on animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection products, amending Regulations (EC) No 999/2001, (EC) No 396/2005, (EC) No 1069/2009, (EC) No 1107/2009, (EU) No 1151/2012, (EU) No 652/2014, (EU) 2016/429 and (EU) 2016/2031 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Regulations (EC) No 1/2005 and (EC) No 1099/2009 and Council Directives 98/58/EC, 1999/74/EC, 2007/43/EC, 2008/119/EC and 2008/120/EC, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 89/608/EEC, 89/662/EEC, 90/425/EEC, 91/496/EEC, 96/23/EC, 96/93/EC and 97/78/EC and Council Decision 92/438/EEC (Official Controls Regulation) (OJ L 95, 7.4.2017, pp. 1-142)

See consolidated version.

Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91 (OJ L 189, 20.7.2007, pp. 1-23)

See consolidated version.

last update 29.06.2021