Future of the common agricultural policy (CAP)

 

SUMMARY OF:

Communication (COM(2017) 713 final) — The Future of Food and Farming

Article 39 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)

Article 40 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE COMMUNICATION AND OF ARTICLES 39 AND 40 TFEU?

The communication:

Article 39 TFEU sets out the CAP’s objectives which aim to:

Article 40 TFEU introduces the common organisation of agricultural markets in order to attain the CAP’s objectives. Depending on the product concerned, this common organisation can take several forms:

KEY POINTS

The communication outlines ideas for the future of food and farming, such as:

The future CAP should:

Other ideas include:

BACKGROUND

The CAP is the oldest EU common policy. Since 1962, it has been reformed several times to adapt to new challenges and the changing European and global environments.

The Commission launched a public consultation on the future of the CAP in February 2017. It received over 320,000 replies within the 3-month consultation period. These showed strong support for the policy, but also a wish for it to be simpler, more flexible and more focused on ensuring fair income for farmers and tackling environmental and climate challenges.

The Commission looked to introduce draft legislation to modernise the CAP in the first half of 2018 after it presented its multiannual budget proposals for EU spending from 2020 onwards.

For more information, see:

KEY TERMS

Smart farming: ensuring that the EU’s agriculture sector is equipped to address the issues it faces by means of education, research and innovation.
Resilient farming: ensuring the farming sector is able to adapt to changing circumstances and challenges while maintaining its core functions, including the delivery of their vital goods and services.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions — The Future of Food and Farming (COM(2017) 713 final, 29.11.2017)

Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — Part three — Union policies and internal actions — Title III — Agriculture and fisheries — Article 39 (ex Article 33 TEC) (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. 62-63)

Consolidated version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union — Part three — Union policies and internal actions — Title III — Agriculture and fisheries — Article 40 (ex Article 34 TEC) (OJ C 202, 7.6.2016, pp. 63-64)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

White Paper on the Future of Europe — Reflections and scenarios for the EU27 by 2025 (COM(2017) 2025 final, 1.3.2017)

Reflection paper on the future of EU finances (COM(2017) 358 final, 28.6.2017)

Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, pp. 487-548)

Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 352/78, (EC) No 165/94, (EC) No 2799/98, (EC) No 814/2000, (EC) No 1290/2005 and (EC) No 485/2008 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, pp. 549-607)

See consolidated version.

Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, pp. 608-670)

See consolidated version.

Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 922/72, (EEC) No 234/79, (EC) No 1037/2001 and (EC) No 1234/2007 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, pp. 671-854)

See consolidated version.

last update 14.03.2018