Energy consumption: Framework for labelling rules



Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 on energy labelling


It sets out the basis for labelling energy-related products, providing standard information about energy efficiency — as well as the consumption of energy and other resources — to help consumers in purchase decisions. It does not cover second-hand products, unless they are imported from outside the EU, or means of transport.

It repeals Directive 2010/30/EU.


All energy-related products will display labels on a new, updated and clearer scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient). This system will replace the previous system of A+++ to G labels, which is less effective because of the development of more energy-efficient products. There is also a requirement for a product information sheet.

Labels already in use before 1 August 2017 will be rescaled by the European Commission, i.e. recalibrated to conform with the new regulation.

The Commission adopts a separate delegated act for each specific product group to supplement the regulation. This establishes detailed requirements for labelling of specific product groups where:

Delegated acts relating to specific product groups specify, among other things:

The supplier and dealer responsibilities are to:

Dealers, including online dealers, must display the label provided by the supplier and make available to customers the product information sheet at the point of sale.

The Commission will establish a product registration database:

The database will allow the public to consult product labels and information sheets, making it easier to compare the energy efficiency of household appliances.

The regulation also requires manufacturers to inform consumers if software or firmware (software that is embedded in a piece of hardware and serves as the interface between that hardware and the operating system, e.g. on a smartphone or computer) updates could reduce a product’s energy efficiency. It bans the use of ‘defeat devices’, which alter a product’s performance under test conditions.

By 2 August 2025, the Commission will assess the implementation of this regulation and submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council.


It has applied since 1 August 2017, except for the obligations of suppliers in relation to the product database which apply from 1 January 2019.



Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2017 setting a framework for energy labelling and repealing Directive 2010/30/EU (OJ L 198, 28.7.2017, pp. 1-23)


Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products (OJ L 285, 31.10.2009, pp. 10-35)

Successive amendments to Directive 2009/125/EC have been incorporated into the original document. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council: European energy security strategy (COM(2014) 330 final, 28.5.2014).

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank — A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy (COM(2015) 80 final, 25 February 2015)

last update 27.06.2018