EU - Turkey agreement on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation

 

SUMMARY OF:

Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Turkey on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE AGREEMENT?

KEY POINTS

Scope

Readmission obligations

When requested to do so by an EU country and irrespective of the will of the persons concerned, Turkey must readmit:

Reciprocally, EU countries commit to the same with respect to Turkey, under the same conditions and limits and when requested by Turkey to readmit their own nationals or related or assimilated persons, or non-EU or non-Turkish nationals or stateless persons.

Readmission procedure

Transit

The agreement does not undermine the rights and obligations of the EU countries and Turkey, namely as regards procedural guarantees, that arise:

FROM WHEN DOES THE AGREEMENT APPLY?

The agreement entered into force on 1 October 2014.

However, the reciprocal obligations of readmission of non-EU nationals only became applicable on 1 October 2017.

BACKGROUND

The migration crisis is high on the EU’s political agenda, as attested by:

KEY TERMS

Stateless person: a person who does not hold a nationality of any country.
Case-law: the law as established by the outcome of former cases.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of Turkey on the readmission of persons residing without authorisation (OJ L 134, 7.5.2014, pp. 3-27)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council and the Council — Seventh report on the progress made in the implementation of the EU — Turkey statement (COM(2017) 470 final, 6.9.2017)

Directive 2008/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals (OJ L 348, 24.12.2008, pp. 98-107)

Council Directive 2003/109/EC of 25 November 2003 concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents (OJ L 16, 23.1.2004, pp. 44-53)

See consolidated version.

Council Directive 2003/86/EC of 22 September 2003 on the right to family reunification (OJ L 251, 3.10.2003, pp. 12-18)

Agreement establishing an association between the European Economic Community and Turkey (OJ L 361, 31.12.1977, pp. 29-43)

last update 30.10.2018