Testing to ensure the safety of vehicles and trailers

 

SUMMARY OF:

Directive 2014/45/EU on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DIRECTIVE?

It aims to improve road safety by setting minimum requirements for periodic roadworthiness tests of vehicles and trailers in the EU.

KEY POINTS

Scope

The law applies to vehicles capable of more than 25 km/hour in the following categories:

Powerful motorcycles

Category L vehicles with an engine larger than 125 cm3 will be tested from 2022 unless road safety statistics for the previous 5 years show that the same level of road safety could be achieved by alternative measures.

Roadworthiness tests prior to the due dates

In certain circumstances, vehicles may be required to undergo a test before the due dates:

Exemptions

The following types of vehicle are exempted from roadworthiness tests:

Approved testing centres

Each EU country must have approved and compliant testing centres, while inspectors must meet competence criteria and be free from any conflict of interest.

Assessment of defects

Roadworthiness certificate

Where a vehicle already registered in another EU country is re-registered, its certificate must be recognised by other EU countries, even where ownership has changed. By 2021, testing centres will be required to share relevant information with the competent authority of their country.

European electronic vehicle information platform

The feasibility, costs and benefits of setting up a European electronic vehicle information platform are to be examined.

Fraud

COVID-19 pandemic

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

The directive had to become law in the EU countries by 20 May 2017. EU countries have to apply the rules as of 20 May 2018.

BACKGROUND

For further information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENT

Directive 2014/45/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC (OJ L 127, 29.4.2014, pp. 51-128)

Successive amendments to Directive 2014/45/EU have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Regulation (EU) 2020/698 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 May 2020 laying down specific and temporary measures in view of the COVID‐19 outbreak concerning the renewal or extension of certain certificates, licences and authorisations and the postponement of certain periodic checks and periodic training in certain areas of transport legislation (OJ L 165, 27.5.2020, pp. 10-24)

last update 14.09.2020