Type-approval and market surveillance requirements for motorbikes/mopeds and quads in the EU

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 – the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS REGULATION?

KEY POINTS

Approval and market surveillance authorities

EU countries must designate

Type approval

Type-approval requirements address the (vehicle) manufacturers, approval authorities and technical services (e.g. inspection bodies) involved. Once a vehicle complies with a comprehensive set of requirements, a vehicle type may be sold on the EU market.

The manufacturer must deliver a conformity certificate with each vehicle; this allows the owner to register the vehicle.

Functional safety requirements

The regulation lays down safety requirements such as:

Environmental performance requirements

To get type approval, an L-category vehicle has to comply with 8 different test types, such as for evaporative emissions (fuel vapours), pollution control devices, energy efficiency and sound.

The regulation sets environmental requirements for 2 stages of emission reductions. The first stage (Euro 4) is mandatory for new types of vehicles as of 1 January 2016. A second step (Euro 5) will apply as of 2020, allowing manufacturers and suppliers to plan for the medium term. The feasibility of the Euro 5 step will need to be confirmed with a study in 2016 of its potential environmental effects.

Obligations on manufacturers, their representatives, importers and distributors

The regulation details the obligations of those involved in the supply chain, as indicated below.

FROM WHEN DOES THIS REGULATION APPLY?

It applies from 1 January 2016.

However, as of 11 September 2014, a manufacturer may voluntarily request a vehicle type approval on the basis of Regulation (EU) No 168/2013. Framework Directive 2002/24/EC will be repealed from 1 January 2016. Thereafter, Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 and its delegated and implementing acts will become mandatory.

BACKGROUND

To reduce pollution from transport and to increase the functional safety of new L-category vehicles, the EU adopted a new law in 2013 to replace Directive 2002/24/EC as of 1 January 2016. L-category vehicles is the name of a family of light powered vehicles such as powered cycles, 2- and 3-wheeled mopeds, motorcycles (with and without side cars), tricycles and quadricycles.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles (OJ L 60, 2.3.2013, pp. 52–128)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 have been incorporated in the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 901/2014 of 18 July 2014 implementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the administrative requirements for the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles (OJ L 249, 22.8.2014, pp. 1–202)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 3/2014 of 24 October 2013 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to vehicle functional safety requirements for the approval of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles (OJ L 7, 10.1.2014, pp. 1–12). See consolidated version.

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 44/2014 of 21 November 2013 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the vehicle construction and general requirements for the approval of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles (OJ L 25, 28.1.2014, pp. 1–102)

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 134/2014 of 16 December 2013 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to environmental and propulsion unit performance requirements and amending Annex V thereof (OJ L 53, 21.2.2014, pp. 1–10)

last update 28.06.2016