Living conditions for asylum seekers – EU rules

 

SUMMARY OF:

Directive 2013/33/EU on standards for the reception of applicants for international protection

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS DIRECTIVE?

KEY POINTS

Who is affected?

The directive applies to applicants for international protection and their families, including:

Standard EU-wide reception conditions

The directive aims to harmonise reception conditions throughout the EU. These conditions include:

Other guarantees

Apart from the basic reception conditions, EU countries must ensure that applicants can access:

Vulnerable people

Detaining asylum seekers

Applicants should not be detained just because they are seeking international protection. Detention should be a last resort, decided on a case-by-case basis.

An exhaustive list of detention grounds has been adopted, to avoid arbitrary detention.

The directive also:

Directive 2013/33/EU repeals Directive 2003/9/EC with effect from 21 July 2015.

FROM WHEN DOES THE DIRECTIVE APPLY?

It applies from 19 July 2013. EU countries had to incorporate it into national law by 21 July 2015.

BACKGROUND

The EU has been working towards the creation of a common European asylum system (CEAS). Since 2013, a series of new legal texts have been adopted to improve the workings of the CEAS.

* KEY TERMS

International protection: refugee status or subsidiary protection status.

Subsidiary protection status: may be granted to non-EU nationals or stateless people who do not qualify for refugee status but who would be at risk of serious harm if they returned to their country of origin.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (OJ L 180, 29.6.2013, pp. 96-116)

RELATED DOCUMENT

Council Directive 2003/9/EC of 27 January 2003 laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum seekers (OJ L 31, 6.2.2003, pp. 18–25)

last update 31.10.2016