European scheme for the resettlement of refugees

 

SUMMARY OF:

Recommendation (EU) 2015/914 on a European resettlement scheme

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS RECOMMENDATION?

KEY POINTS

What is a resettlement measure?

Distribution key

The overall resettlement places are to be distributed amongst EU countries on the basis of a distribution key based on the following criteria:

On the basis of this key, Germany would resettle the largest number of people (3,086 or 15.4 %), followed by France (2,375 — 11.8 %), the UK (2,309 — 11.5 %) and Italy (1,989 — 9.9 %).

Budget

A further €50 million from the EU’s 2015 budget would be used to support this scheme. Additional money for the EU-wide resettlement scheme (spread evenly across 2015 and 2016) would be added to the special Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund.

Implementation

Participation in the resettlement scheme is voluntary. EU countries were requested to commit to the recommended resettlement places by September 2015.

The UNHCR and other relevant organisations are to assist the EU in the implementation of the scheme (with measures such as identifying and transfer of asylum seekers). The European Asylum Support Office will also be involved in the scheme.

FROM WHEN DOES THIS RECOMMENDATION APPLY?

The duration of the proposed scheme is 2 years, from the date of the adoption of the recommendation (8 June 2015).

BACKGROUND

After several tragedies where thousands of lives were lost in trying to reach the EU’s Mediterranean coasts, the EU has put forward a joint response to migration.

In May 2015, the Commission presented the EU Agenda on Migration, which sets out a comprehensive approach including a first implementation package of measures, namely:

This recommendation was followed by conclusions of the representatives of the Governments of the Member States meeting within the Council of 20 July 2015 to resettle, through multilateral and national schemes, 22,504 persons in clear need of international protection. The resettlement places were distributed between EU countries and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland according to commitments set out in the annex to the conclusions and not according to the distribution key set out in the recommendation.

The Commission proposed a further set of migration measures in September 2015. These include an emergency relocation proposal for 120,000 persons in clear need of protection (from Greece, Hungary and Italy) and a permanent crisis relocation mechanism for all EU countries.

For more information, see:

* KEY TERMS

Resettlement: scheme through which EU countries provide international protection and a long-term solution in their territories to refugees and displaced persons. The UNHCR identifies these people as eligible for resettlement with a view to granting them a secure legal status. EU countries remain responsible for individual admission decisions.

Relocation: transfer of persons who are in need of, or already benefit from, a form of international protection in one EU country to another EU country where they would be granted similar protection. Relocation is an EU solidarity measure to help EU countries facing a large influx of asylum seekers or refugees.

MAIN DOCUMENT

Commission Recommendation (EU) 2015/914 of 8 June 2015 on a European resettlement scheme (OJ L 148, 13.6.2015, pp. 32-37)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: A European Agenda on Migration (COM(2015) 240 final, 13.5.2015)

last update 18.08.2016