Reducing man-made greenhouse gases (fluorinated gases)

The regulation is designed to mitigate climate change and protect the environment by reducing emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases). It aims to cut these by two thirds of today’s levels by 2030.

ACT

Regulation (EU) No 517/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No 842/2006.

SUMMARY

The regulation is designed to mitigate climate change and protect the environment by reducing emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases). It aims to cut these by two thirds of today’s levels by 2030.

WHAT DOES THE REGULATION DO?

It lays down rules on the containment, use, recovery and destruction of F-gases. It bans the sale of certain products containing F-gases.

It covers hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)*, perfluorocarbons (PFCs)* and sulphur hexafluorides (SF6)*.

It sets an overall yearly limit on the climate impact of HFCs. This will be gradually reduced between 2015 and 2030.

KEY POINTS

The regulation sets out the following obligations.

The Commission will report on the effects of the regulation by 31 December 2022.

WHEN DOES THE REGULATION APPLY?

From 1 January 2015.

BACKGROUND

F-gases are man-made greenhouse gases with a global warming effect up to 23 000 times that of carbon dioxide. They account for 2 % of EU greenhouse gas emissions. F-gases are often replaceable by more climate-friendly alternatives.

KEY TERMS

* HFCs are used as refrigerants, cleaning solvents and foam-blowing agents (such as fire extinguishers).

* PFCs are used to manufacture semi-conductors, as cleaning solvents and as foam-blowing agents.

* SF 6 are used in high-voltage switch gear and magnesium production.

For further information, see the website of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Climate Action.

REFERENCES

Act

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 517/2014

9.6.2014

-

OJ L 150 of 20.5.2014, pp. 195-230.

last update 23.07.2015