Brussels, 17.12.2015

COM(2015) 665 final

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

ON FOOD AND FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2014


REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

ON FOOD AND FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2014

1.Introduction

The current report, provided for by Article 7(4) of Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation 1 , covers the period from 1st January to 31 December 2014. It contains a compilation of the information forwarded to the European Commission by 27 Member States and one EFTA country. Croatia did not submit data for 2014.

2.Legal basis and background

Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC, requires Member States to forward to the Commission every year:

the results of checks carried out in the ionising radiation facilities, in particular regarding the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered,

and

the results of checks carried out at the product marketing stage and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.

Article 7(4) of the Directive requires the Commission to publish in the Official Journal of the European Union:

the details of the approved irradiation facilities in the Member States, as well as any changes in their status;

a report on the information provided every year by the national supervisory authorities.

Information on general aspects of food irradiation is available on the website of the Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Consumers 2 .

2.1.Irradiation facilities

Food and food ingredients may be irradiated only in approved irradiation facilities. For facilities in the EU, approval is given by the competent authorities of the Member States. Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC requires Member States to inform the Commission on the list of their approved irradiation facilities.

Irradiation of food and food ingredients may only be carried out by means of the following sources, listed in Annex II to the Directive:

Gamma rays from radionuclides 60Co or 137Cs;

X-rays generated from machine sources operated at or below a nominal energy (maximum quantum energy) level of 5 MeV;

Electrons generated from machine sources operated at or below a nominal energy (maximum quantum energy) level of 10 MeV.

The list of approved irradiation facilities in Member States is publicly available, as it was published by the Commission 3 .

2.2.Irradiated food and food ingredients

The irradiation of dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasonings is authorised at EU level by Directive 1999/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the establishment of a Community list of food and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation 4 . In addition, seven Member States have notified to the Commission that they maintain national authorisations for certain food and food ingredients, in accordance with Article 4(4) of Directive 1999/2/EC. The list of national authorisations has been published by the Commission 5 .

Any irradiated foodstuff containing one or more irradiated food ingredient must be labelled with the words “irradiated” or “treated with ionising radiation”. If an irradiated product is used as an ingredient in a compound food, the same words shall accompany its designation in the list of ingredients. In the case of products sold in bulk, these words shall appear together with the name of the product on a display or notice above or beside the container in which the products are placed.

To enforce correct labelling or to detect non-authorised products, several analytical methods have been standardised by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN), following a mandate given by the Commission.

3.Results of checks carried out in irradiation facilities and doses administered

This section of the report deals with the results of the checks carried out in irradiation facilities, in particular, regarding categories and quantities of products treated and doses administered. According to the information submitted by the Member States, the controls carried out by the competent authorities confirmed the compliance of the approved irradiation facilities with the requirements of Directive 1999/2/EC.

The following tables and figures show the results of checks carried out in the approved irradiation facilities in Europe in 2014, in particular concerning the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered.

3.1.Summary for the EU

The following table summarises the quantities of foodstuffs (in tonnes) treated by ionising radiation in the approved irradiation facilities located in 13 Member States within the European Union:

Member State

Number of approved facilities

Treated quantity (tonnes)

Belgium

1

 3289.6

Bulgaria

2

  No food irradiated

Czech Republic

1

20.1

Germany

4

97.3

Estonia

1

33.7

Spain

3*

233.1

France

5

463.3

Italy

1

 No food irradiated

Hungary

1

70.0

Netherlands

2

1308.2

Poland

2*

55.0

Romania

1

No food irradiated

United Kingdom

1

 No food irradiated

Total EU-MS:

25

5543.3

Norway

1

7.6

Total:

26

5550.9

*    Food was irradiated only in one approved irradiation facility.

There are 25 approved irradiation facilities within the European Union located in 13 Member States. Only 8 out of 13 Member States irradiated foodstuffs in 2014.

The following histogram summarises the quantities of foodstuffs (in tonnes) and the category of products treated by ionising radiation in approved irradiation facilities within the European Union in 2014:

There are no approved facilities in the following Member States: Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Portugal. No information is available to date regarding the situation in Croatia and in Malta.

The following tables show the categories of products irradiated in the Member States concerned and the doses administered.

3.2.Belgium

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Dehydrated blood, plasma, coagulates

4.9 - 6.4

Frozen frog legs

3.9 - 4.8

Offal of poultry

3.5 - 4.8

3.3.Czech Republic

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

4.04 - 9.95

3.4.Germany

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

3.5.Estonia

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

3.6.Spain

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

8.98 - 10

3.7.France

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5-10

Frozen frog legs

1-10

3.8.Hungary

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2 - 8

3.9.Netherlands

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

4-8

Chicken meat

5

Dried vegetables and fruits

2-8

Frozen frog legs

4

Shrimps

3

3.10.Poland

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5 - 10

3.11.Norway

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

4.Results of checks carried out at the product marketing stage and methods used to detect irradiated foods

The following tables show the results of the checks carried out at the product marketing stage in Europe and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.

4.1.Summary for the EU

The following table summarises the samples analysed and the results obtained for the European Union:

Member State

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-compliant

Total samples

% Versus EU total samples

BE

92

15

2

109

1,9%

BG

4

0

0

4

0,1%

CZ

20

5

5

30

0,5%

DK

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

DE

3179

13

22

3214

55,6%

EE

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

IE

80

0

1

81

1,4%

EL

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

ES

204

0

0

204

3,5%

FR

174

0

4

178

3,1%

HR

NDS

NDS

NDS

NDS

0%

IT

533

10

9

552

9,6%

CY

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

LV

12

0

2

14

0,2%

LT

59

0

0

59

1,0%

LU

8

0

2

11

0,2%

HU

125

0

3

128

2,2%

MT

22

4

4

30

0,5%

NL

88

0

0

88

1,5%

AT

64

0

0

64

1,1%

PL

372

2

3

377

6,5%

PT

11

0

0

11

0,2%

RO

240

1

2

243

4,2%

SI

17

2

0

19

0,3%

SK

24

0

0

24

0,4%

FI

273

6

10

289

5,0%

SE

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

UK

45

1

4

50

0,9%

Total EU

5646

59

73

5779

100%

97,7%

1,0%

1,3%

100,0%

NDS: No data submitted; NCP: No check performed

The following histogram summarises the samples analysed and the results obtained per EU Member State:

4.2.Belgium. Number of Samples: 109

 

 

Number of Samples: 109

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

3

1

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

26

2

0

EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Herbs and spices (frozen)

14

6

0

EN 1788

Tea

21

0

0

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

11

2

0

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

9

4

2*

EN 1788

Total:

92

15

2

Total % of analysed samples:

84,4%

13,8%

1,8%

*irradiation not allowed

4.3.Bulgaria. Number of Samples: 4

 

 

Number of Samples: 4

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2

0

0

EN 13751

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

1

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Tea

1

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Total:

4

0

0

Total % of analysed samples:

100%

0%

0%

4.4.Czech Republic. Number of Samples: 30

 

 

Number of Samples: 30

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

2

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

3

1

0

EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

4

0

0

EN 1788

Herbal teas / Infusions

2

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

5

1

2*

EN 1788

Soup

4

3

3**

EN 1788

Total:

20

5

5

Total % of analysed samples:

66,7%

16,7%

16,7%

*Both samples were identified as being positive for irradiation. The irradiated products were not labelled. In one case the indication of treatment was not given on the documents accompanying or referring to irradiated foodstuffs so it was not clear whether the products were irradiated in facility approved by the EU or not. In the second case the foodstuffs were irradiated in facility not approved by the EU.

**The samples were identified as being positive for irradiation. The irradiated products were not labelled. The indication of treatment was not given on the documents accompanying or referring to irradiated foodstuffs so it was not clear whether the products were irradiated in facility approved by the EU.

4.5.Denmark

No checks were carried out at product marketing stage in 2014.

4.6.Germany. Number of Samples: 3214

Number of Samples: 3214

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereal products

19

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787

Fruit (dried)

98

0

0

EN 13708; EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Fruits (fresh)

59

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Mushrooms (fresh)

1

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

155

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1785; EN 1787; EN 13751

Potatoes

7

0

0

EN 1788

Pulses

187

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

42

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Vegetables (fresh)

28

0

0

EN 1787; EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

197

0

1*

EN 1786; EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Fish and fish products

43

0

4*

EN 1786; EN 1788

Fish and seafood (dried)

16

0

0

EN 1786; EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

1228

3

2**

EN 1788; EN 1785; EN 1787; EN 13751

Other (condiments)

229

2

1**

EN 1788; EN 1785; EN 1787; EN 13751

Tea

182

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1785; EN 1787; EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Meat (except poultry and game)

9

0

0

EN 1786

Meat (from different birds, kangaroo, hare)

119

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Meat products (except sausages)

40

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Other

13

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Sausage products

19

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Milk and milk products

Butter (with herbs)

3

0

0

EN 13751

Cheese (containing spices/herbs)

48

0

0

EN 1788; EN 1787

Cheese (preparations without herbs and spices)

27

0

0

EN 1784

Milk and milk products

15

0

2*

EN 1787

Other

Food supplements

139

2

7*

EN 1786; EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared)

31

0

2*

EN 1786; EN 1788; EN 13751

Other

21

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1788; EN 1787; EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

204

6

3*

EN 1788; EN 13751

Total:

3179

13

22

Total % of analysed samples:

98,9%

0,4%

0,7%

*irradiation not allowed

**erroneously labelled

4.7.Estonia

Due to budgetary restrictions, no checks were carried out at product marketing stage in Estonia in 2014.

4.8.Ireland: Number of Samples: 81

Number of Samples: 81

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Berries

8

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

4

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Fruit (dried)

1

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Seeds

2

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

19

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Tea

8

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Other

Food for particular nutritional uses

6

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Food supplements

32

0

1*

EN 1788
EN 13751

Total:

80

0

1

Total % of analysed samples:

98,8%

0,0%

1,2%

*erroneously labelled

4.9.Greece

No checks were carried out at product marketing stage in Greece in 2014 as there were no findings of non compliant products from previous controls. A control program of 10 samples (herbs and spices) has been planned for 2015.

4.10.Spain. Number of Samples: 204

Number of Samples: 204

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

18

0

0

EN 13708

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

10

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Nuts

11

0

0

EN 1787

Oil seeds

15

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

14

0

0

EN 1788
EN 1787

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

20

0

0

EN 1786

Fish and fish products

8

0

0

EN 1786

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

39

0

0

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

13

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices (fresh)

52

0

0

EN 1787
EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Poultry meat

4

0

0

EN 1786

Total:

204

0

0

 

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

 

4.11.France. Number of Samples: 178

Number of Samples: 178

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

46

0

0

EN 1787

Other

8

0

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

19

0

0

EN 1786

Fish and fish products

1

0

2*

EN 1786

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

45

0

0

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

9

0

0

EN 1786

Meat and meat products

46

0

2**

EN 1784

Total:

174

0

4

 

Total % of analysed samples:

97,8%

0,0%

2,2%

 

*    irradiation not allowed

**    erroneously labelled

4.12.Italy. Number of Samples: 552

Number of Samples: 552

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Dried spices

119

6

0

EN 13708
EN 13784

EN 1788

EN 13783

EN 1787

EN 13751

Dried tomatoes

1

0

0

EN 1788

Fruit (dried)

9

0

0

EN 13708
EN 1788

EN 1787

Fruits (fresh)

3

0

0

EN 13708
EN 13751

Garlic

14

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1788

EN 1787

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

16

0

2*

EN 13708
EN 13784

EN 1788

EN 1787

EN 13751

Nuts

13

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1788

EN 1787

EN 13751

Oil seeds

3

0

0

EN 1787
EN 13751

Onions

11

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13783

EN 13751

Other (crystallized ginger, tomato paste, sweet potato powder, hazelnut flour)

4

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1788

Potatoes

18

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Pulses

13

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Rice

2

0

0

EN 1788

Seeds

2

0

0

EN 13751

Shallots

1

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

8

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13783

EN 1787

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Bivalve molluscs (unspecified)

5

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Cephalopods (unspecified)

8

1

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1788

Clams

9

0

0

EN 13751

crabs

1

0

0

EN 13751

Crayfish

13

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Crustaceans

5

0

0

EN 1788
EN 1785

EN 13751

Fish and fish products

33

1

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1785

EN 13751

Mussels

13

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1788

EN 13751

Octopuses

5

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Other

12

0

0

EN 1788

Prawns

11

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Scallops

1

0

0

EN 1788

Shrimps

21

0

0

EN 1788
EN 1785

EN 13751

Squids

10

0

0

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

11

0

4***

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1785

Meat and meat products

5

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

Meat (except poultry and game)

49

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1785

Meat, offal, meat products

1

0

0

EN 1785

Poultry meat

44

0

0

EN 13784
EN 1786

EN 1785

Other

Food additive

1

0

0

EN 1788

Food supplements

1

0

0

EN 1788

Raw material of plant origin, intended for use as an ingredient in food supplement

34

2

3**

EN 1788
EN 13751

sauces (prepared)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Total:

533

10

9

 

Total % of analysed samples:

96,6%

1,8%

1,6%

 

*erroneously labelled

**erroneously labelled and/or irradiation not allowed

***erroneously labelled and/or irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.13.Cyprus

Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were carried out at product marketing stage in Cyprus in 2014.

4.14.Latvia. Number of Samples: 14

 

 

Number of Samples: 14

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

9

0

2*

EN 1788

Total:

12

0

2

Total % of analysed samples:

85,7%

0,0%

14,3%

*irradiation not allowed

4.15.Lithuania. Number of Samples: 59

 

 

Number of Samples: 59

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5

0

0

EN 13783

Tea

7

0

0

EN 13783

Other

Food supplements

47

0

0

EN 13783

Total:

59

0

0

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

4.16.Luxembourg: Number of Samples: 11

 

 

Number of Samples: 11

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Other

Food supplements

8

1

2*

EN 1788

Total:

8

1

2

Total % of analysed samples:

72,7%

9,1%

18,2%

*irradiation not allowed

4.17.Hungary. Number of Samples: 128

 

 

Number of Samples: 128

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

125

0

3*

EN 1788

 Total:

125

0

3

Total % of analysed samples:

97,7%

0,0%

2,3%

*erroneously labelled

4.18.Malta. Number of Samples: 30

 

 

Number of Samples: 30

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

21

4

4*

EN 1788
EN 13751

 Total:

22

4

4

Total % of analysed samples:

73,3%

13,3%

13,3%

*erroneously labelled

4.19.Netherlands. Number of Samples: 88

 

 

Number of Samples: 88

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

fruits

9

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

grains and grains products

13

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

nuts and seeds

7

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

vegetable and vegetable products

8

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Shrimps

13

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

15

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Other

bakery products

1

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

game and poultry

9

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

soup chips etc

12

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

special food

1

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Total:

88

0

0

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

4.20.Austria. Number of Samples: 64

 

 

Number of Samples: 64

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

33

0

0

EN 13708

Nuts

31

0

0

EN 1787

Total:

64

0

0

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

4.21.Poland: Number of Samples: 377

 

 

Number of Samples: 377

Foodstuffs category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Fruits (fresh)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Fruit (tropical)

7

0

0

EN 1784

Garlic

16

0

0

EN 1788

Mushrooms (fresh)

4

0

0

EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Nuts

33

0

0

EN 1787

Onions

1

0

0

EN 1788

Potatoes

1

0

0

EN 1788

Pulses

2

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

4

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables (fresh)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

1

0

0

EN 1788

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

2

0

0

EN 1786

Fish and fish products

10

0

0

EN 1786; EN 1788

Prawns and snacks (fried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Shrimps

7

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

98

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

5

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Other

3

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Tea

18

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Meat

13

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Meat and meat products

2

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Meat (except poultry and game)

4

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Meat (from different birds, kangaroo, hare)

1

0

0

EN 1784

Meat, offal, meat products

2

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Poultry meat

12

0

0

EN 1784; EN 1786

Milk and milk products

Cheese (containing spices/herbs)

36

0

1*

EN 1788

Cheese (cottage)

8

0

0

EN 1788

Cheese (ripened)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Cocoa

4

0

0

EN 1788

Food for particular nutritional uses

11

1

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Food supplements

17

1

2**

EN 1788; EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Other

6

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

19

0

0

EN 1788

Soup

2

0

0

EN 1788

Total:

372

2

3

 

Total % of analysed samples:

98,7%

0,5%

0,8%

 

*irradiation not allowed

**erroneously labelled, irradiation not allowed

4.22.Portugal: Number of Samples:11

 

 

Number of Samples: 11

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereal products

1

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2

0

0

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

1

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

1

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

4

0

0

EN 13751

Other

1

0

0

EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Total:

11

0

0

 

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

 

*irradiation not allowed

4.23.Romania. Number of Samples: 243

 

 

Number of Samples: 243

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Oil seeds

1

0

0

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

22

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

147

1

0

EN 1788
EN 1787

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

9

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

12

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

6

0

1*

EN 1788
EN 13751

EN 1787

Other

42

0

1**

EN 13751

Total:

240

1

2

Total % of analysed samples:

98,8%

0,4%

0,8%

*irradiation not allowed

**irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.24.Slovenia: Number of Samples: 19

 

 

Number of Samples: 19

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Garlic

2

0

0

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2

0

0

EN 13751

Other

1

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

5

0

0

EN 1788
EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

2

0

0

EN 1786

Other

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

0

2

0

EN 1788

Total:

17

2

0

Total % of analysed samples:

89,5%

10,5%

0,0%

4.25.Slovakia: Number of Samples: 24

 

 

Number of Samples: 24

Foodstuffs category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

2

0

0

EN 1784

Fruit (dried)

1

0

0

EN 1784

Nuts

13

0

0

EN 1784

Oil seeds

1

0

0

EN 1784

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Milk and milk products

Cheese (containing spices/herbs)

1

0

0

EN 1784

Cheese (ripened)

1

0

0

EN 1784

 Total:

24

0

0

Total % of analysed samples:

100,0%

0,0%

0,0%

4.27.Finland: Number of Samples: 289

 

 

Number of Samples: 289

Foodstuffs category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Berries

4

2

0

EN 13751

Berry products

2

0

0

EN 13751

Cereal products

5

0

0

EN 13751

Dried root products

5

0

0

EN 13751

Fruit (dried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

4

0

1*

EN 13751

Nut products

1

0

0

EN 13751

Sea weed products

7

0

0

EN 13751

Seeds

7

0

0

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

14

0

2*

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

118

2

3**

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

11

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

33

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Beverage ingredient

3

0

0

EN 13751

Cocoa preparation

1

0

0

EN 13751

Fat preparation

1

0

0

EN 13751

Food for particular nutritional uses

5

0

1*

EN 13751

Food supplements

36

2

1*

EN 13751

Honey and other bee products

1

0

0

EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared)

8

0

0

EN 13751

Protein preparation

1

0

0

EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

2

0

1*

EN 13751

Snacks product

3

0

1*

EN 13751

Total:

273

6

10

Total % of analysed samples:

94,5%

2,1%

3,5%

*irradiation not allowed

**erroneously labelled, irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.28.Sweden

Due to staff restriction no samples were analysed during the year 2014.

4.29.United Kingdom: Number of Samples: 50

 

 

Number of Samples: 50

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method used

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Instant noodles

17

1

1*

EN 1788
EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

26

0

3*

EN 1788
EN 13751

Ginger (Pickled)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Total:

45

1

4

Total % of analysed samples:

90,0%

2,0%

8,0%

*erroneously labelled, irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.30.Norway

Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were carried out at product marketing stage in Norwat during the year 2014.

5.Summary

The current report covers the period from 1 January  to 31 December 2014. It contains a compilation of the information forwarded to the Commission by 27 Member States. Croatia did not submit data for 2014.

In 2014, 25 approved irradiation facilities were operational in 13 Member States, in accordance with Article 7(2) of Directive 1999/2/EC. No approved irradiation facilities have been closed. Norway submitted data on quantities of foodstuff irradiated during the year 2014.

A total quantity of 5543.3 tonnes of products were treated with ionising irradiation in EU Member States, 84% of which were irradiated mainly in two Member States: Belgium (59%) and Netherlands (24%). The two main commodities irradiated are frog legs (55%) and offal of poultry (16.2%). There is a regular decrease in the total quantity of products irradiated in the EU compared to the previous years: 6876 tonnes irradiated in 2013 (decrease of 19% in 2014 compared with 2013) and 7972 tonnes in 2012 (decrease of 14% in 2013 compared with 2012).

27 Member States submitted information on the checks carried out at the product marketing stage. Six Member States and Norway did not perform any analytical checks at product marketing stake during the year 2014.

A total of 5779 samples were analysed by 21 Member States in 2014. Three Member States accounted for 71.7% of the samples (Germany 55.6%, Italy 9.6% and the Netherlands 6.5%; in 2013: Germany 50.5%, Italy 9.7% and the Netherlands 6.3%). Germany remains the leader in terms of controlling food products at marketing stage. 5646 samples (97.7%) were compliant with the provisions of Directive 1999/2/EC, 73 samples (1.3%) were non-compliant, and 59 samples (1.0%) gave inconclusive results. The two main reasons for non-compliance of tested samples were similar to the previous years, namely, incorrect labelling and forbidden irradiation; non-compliance was also due to irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU. Reasons for non-compliance are given in each table reporting the tests carried out in each Member State.

(1) Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation (OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 16).
(2) http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biosafety/irradiation/index_en.htm
(3) OJ C 265, 1.9.2012, p. 3.
(4) Directive 1999/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the establishment of a Community list of food and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation
(OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 24).
(5) OJ C 283, 24.11.2009, p. 5.