52014DC0052

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL ON FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2012 /* COM/2014/052 final */


REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

ON FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2012

1.       Introduction

The current report, as requested by Article 7(4) of Directive 1999/2/EC, covers the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012. It contains a compilation of the information forwarded to the Commission by 27 Member States.

2.       Legal basis and background

Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation[1], requires Member States to forward to the Commission every year:

– the results of checks carried out in irradiation facilities, in particular regarding the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered

and

– the results of checks carried out at the product marketing stage and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.

Article 7(4) of the Directive requires the Commission to publish in the Official Journal of the European Union

– the details of the approved irradiation facilities in the Member States as well as any changes in their status;

– a report on the information provided by the national supervisory authorities.

Information on general aspects of food irradiation is available on the website of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Consumer[2].

2.1.      Irradiation facilities

According to Article 3(2) of Directive 1999/2/EC, food and food ingredients may be irradiated only in approved irradiation facilities. For facilities in the EU, approval is given by the competent authorities of the Member States. Article 7(3) requires Member States to inform the Commission on the list of their approved irradiation facilities.

Irradiation of food and food ingredients may only be carried out by means of the following sources:

– Gamma rays from radionuclides 60Co or 137Cs;

– X-rays generated from machine sources operated at or below a nominal energy (maximum quantum energy) level of 5 MeV;

– Electrons generated from machine sources operated at or below a nominal energy (maximum quantum energy) level of 10 MeV.

The list of approved irradiation facilities in Member States is publicly available as it was published by the Commission[3].

2.2.      Irradiated food and food ingredients

The irradiation of dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasonings is authorised at EU level by Directive 1999/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the establishment of a Community list of food and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation[4]. In addition, seven Member States have notified to the Commission that they maintain national authorisations for certain food and food ingredients in accordance with Article 4(4) of Directive 1999/2/EC. The list of national authorisations has been published by the Commission[5].

Any irradiated foodstuff containing one or more irradiated food ingredient must be labelled with the words “irradiated” or “treated with ionising radiation”. If an irradiated product is used as an ingredient in a compound food, the same words shall accompany its designation in the list of ingredients. In the case of products sold in bulk, these words shall appear together with the name of the product on a display or notice above or beside the container in which the products are placed.

To enforce correct labelling or to detect non-authorised products, several analytical methods have been standardised by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN), following a mandate given by the European Commission.

3.       Results of checks carried out in irradiation facilities and doses administered

This section of the report deals with the results of the checks carried out in irradiation facilities, in particular regarding categories and quantities of products treated and doses administered. According to the information submitted by the Member States, the controls carried out by the competent authorities confirmed the compliance of the approved irradiation facilities with the requirements of Directive 1999/2/EC.

The following tables and figures show the results of checks carried out in the approved irradiation facilities in EU Member States in 2012, in particular regarding the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered.

3.1.      Summary for the EU

The following table summarises the quantities of foodstuffs (in tonnes) treated by ionising radiation in the approved irradiation facilities within the European Union:

Member State || Number of approved facilities || Treated quantity (tonnes)

Belgium || 1 || 5157,7

Bulgaria || 2 || No food irradiated

Czech Republic || 1 || 23.8

Germany || 4 || 125.8

Estonia || 1 || 33.7

Spain || 2* || 326.6

France || 5 || 612.9

Italy || 1 || No food irradiated

Hungary || 1 || 124.9

Netherlands || 2 || 1476.0

Poland || 2 || 89.0

Romania || 1 || 1.6

United Kingdom || 1 || No food irradiated

Total: || 24 || 7972.1

*       No food was irradiated in one of these facilities.

The following figure summarises the quantities of foodstuffs (in tonnes) treated by ionising radiation in approved irradiation facilities within the European Union in 2012:

There are no approved facilities in the following Member States: Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Portugal.

3.2.      Belgium

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 5 - 9

Dehydrated blood, plasma, coagulates || 2 - 4

Frozen frog legs || 2.7 - 5.5

Frozen peeled or decapitated shrimps || 2 - 7

Poultry || 2 - 6.1

3.3.      Czech Republic

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 5.77 - 9.82

Dried vegetables and fruits || 5.66 - 6.55

3.4.      Germany

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetables seasoning (dried) || <10

3.5.      Estonia

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 10

3.6.      Spain

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 9.09

3.7.      France

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 10

Frozen frog legs || 5

Gum arabic || 3

Poultry || 5

3.8.      Hungary

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 2 - 10

3.9.      Netherlands

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 6.9

Chicken meat || 3.8

Dried vegetables and fruits || 3

Egg white || 1

Frozen frog legs || 4

Shrimps || 3.2

3.10.    Poland

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 5 - 10

3.11.    Romania

Foodstuffs || Absorbed dose (kGy)

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 8

4.       Results of checks carried out at the product marketing stage and methods used to detect irradiated foods

The following tables show the results of the checks carried out at the product marketing stage and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.

4.1.      Summary for the EU

The following table summarises the samples analysed and the results obtained for the European Union as a whole:

Member State || Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-compliant || Total samples || % Versus EU total samples

BE || 89 || 18 || 3 || 110 || 2,1%

BG || 47 || 0 || 2 || 49 || 0,9%

CZ || 23 || 7 || 0 || 30 || 0,6%

DK || NCP || NCP || NCP || NCP ||

DE || 2676 || 27 || 13 || 2716 || 52,4%

EE || NCP || NCP || NCP || NCP ||

IE || 78 || 0 || 0 || 78 || 1,5%

EL || NCP || NCP || NCP || NCP ||

ES || 139 || 1 || 0 || 140 || 2,7%

FR || 46 || 5 || 3 || 54 || 1,0%

IT || 281 || 3 || 7 || 291 || 5,6%

CY || NCP || NCP || NCP || NCP ||

LV || 6 || 0 || 5 || 11 || 0,2%

LT || 63 || 0 || 20 || 83 || 1,6%

LU || 12 || 0 || 0 || 12 || 0,2%

HU || 60 || 0 || 0 || 60 || 1,2%

MT || 20 || 0 || 0 || 20 || 0,4%

NL || 362 || 0 || 11 || 373 || 7,2%

AT || 132 || 0 || 2 || 134 || 2,6%

PL || 241 || 1 || 4 || 246 || 4,7%

PT || 47 || 0 || 2 || 49 || 0,9%

RO || 104 || 0 || 1 || 105 || 2,0%

SI || 21 || 0 || 0 || 21 || 0,4%

SK || 22 || 1 || 0 || 23 || 0,4%

FI || 219 || 4 || 31 || 254 || 4,9%

SE || NCP || NCP || NCP || NCP ||

UK || 291 || 13 || 19 || 323 || 6,2%

Total EU || 4979 || 80 || 123 || 5182 || 100,0%

96,1% || 1,5% || 2,4% || 100,0% ||

NDS: No data submitted

NCP: No check performed

The following figure summarises the samples analysed and the results obtained for the European Union as a whole:

4.2.      Belgium

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 107 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 24 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Cereal products || 8 || 8 || 0 || EN 1788

Food supplements || 14 || 2 || 2* || EN 1788

Fruit (dried) || 6 || 3 || 0 || EN 1788

Molluscs || 16 || 3 || 1* || EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Pulses || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Tea || 16 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 89 || 18 || 3 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 83% || 17% || 3% ||

*       erroneously labelled

4.3.      Bulgaria

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 49 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 19 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 1787

Fish and fish products || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Fruit (dried) || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 13708

Herbal teas / Infusions || 8 || 0 || 2* || EN 1788;EN 13751;EN 1787

Meals and dishes (prepared) || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 1787

nuts || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 1787

Poultry meat || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Shrimps || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Total: || 47 || 0 || 2 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 96% || 0% || 4% ||

*       erroneously labelled

4.4.      Czech Republic

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 30 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 7 || 2 || 0 || EN 1788

Food supplements || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Garlic || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Herbal teas / Infusions || 3 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Instant noodles || 6 || 3 || 0 || EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 2 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 23 || 7 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 77% || 23% || 0% ||

4.5.      Denmark

Due to limited financial resources no checks were carried out at product marketing stage in 2012.

4.6.      Germany

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 2716 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 1285 || 15 || 4* || EN 1788;EN 13751; EN 1787

Butter (seasoned) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;L12.01-1; EN 13751;EN 1787

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit || 94 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Cheese (containing spices/herbs) || 41 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 1787

Cheese (preparations without herbs and spices) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 1787

Coffee || 64 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products) || 83 || 1 || 2* || EN 1788; EN 13751

Fish and fish products || 121 || 0 || 3** || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1786

Food supplements || 97 || 9 || 2** || EN 1786

Fruit (dried) || 63 || 1 || 1 || EN 1788; L12.01-1; EN 13751

Fruits (fresh) || 88 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751; EN 1787; EN 13708

Meals and dishes (prepared) || 64 || 1 || 2** || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1787

Meat || 41 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Meat (except poultry and game) || 61 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 1786

Meat products (except sausages) || 30 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Mushrooms (fresh) || 51 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784; EN 1786

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 111 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 1785;ESR; EN 13751

Other || 21 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1787

Egg and egg products || 16 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Pulses, oil seeds, nuts || 15 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Tea, tea like products || 73 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1787

Potatoes || 30 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1787

Poultry meat || 40 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 83 || 0 || 1* || EN 1784; EN 1786

Sausage products || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 46 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784; EN 1786

Vegetables (fresh) || 47 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751; EN 1787

Total: || 2676 || 27 || 13 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 98% || 1% || 1% ||

*       erroneously labelled

**     irradiation not allowed

4.7       Estonia

No checks were carried out at product marketing stage in 2012.

4.8       Ireland

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 78 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Food supplements || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Instant noodles || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Breadcrumbs || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Herbs and spices || 29 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Seeds || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Tea || 27 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788; EN 13751

Total: || 78 || 0 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 100% || 0% || 0% ||

4.9.      Greece

No checks were carried out at product marketing stage in 2012.

4.10.    Spain

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 140 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 76 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751;EN 1787

Fish and fish products || 30 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions || 8 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Meat and meat products || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751;EN 1787

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Nuts || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Vegetables (fresh) || 8 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Total: || 139 || 1 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 99% || 1% || 0% ||

4.11.    France

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 54 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Food supplements || 6 || 3 || 0 || EN 1788

Frog legs || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Fruit (dried) || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Herbal teas / Infusions || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Instant noodles || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Avocado || 2 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Poultry meat || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 4 || 1 || 3* || EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Total: || 46 || 5 || 3 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 85% || 9% || 6% ||

*       erroneously labelled

4.12.    Italy

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 291 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs and spices || 96 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Fish and fish products || 5 || 2 || 0 || EN 13751

Food supplements || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783;EN 1788;EN 13751;EN 1787

Food supplements || 9 || 1 || 2 || EN 13784;EN 1788;EN 1785;EN 13751;EN 1786

Frog legs || 4 || 0 || 5 || EN 13751

Fruits (fresh) || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783;EN 13751;EN 1787

Garlic and Onion || 14 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787;EN 13708

Herbal teas / Infusions || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Land snail || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Meat || 67 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783;EN 13751;EN 1787

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751;EN 1785;EN 1786

Nuts and dried fruit || 14 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783;EN 13751;EN 1787

Oil seeds || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783;EN 1788;EN 13751

Potatoes || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751;EN 1787

Pulses || 13 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 1786

Vegetable seasonings || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetables (fresh) || 15 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787;EN 13708

Wheat || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 281 || 3 || 7 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 97% || 1% || 2% ||

4.13.    Cyprus

In 2012 no checks were carried out at the product marketing stage. There is no laboratory in Cyprus carrying out analyses for ionising radiation. Due to the limited financial resources, samples were not sent abroad for analysis.

4.14.    Latvia

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 11 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Food supplements || 6 || 0 || 5* || EN 1788

Total: || 6 || 0 || 5 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 55% || 0% || 45% ||

*       irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.15.    Lithuania

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 83 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 50 || 0 || 0 || EN 13783

Food supplements || 13 || 0 || 20 || EN 13783

Total: || 63 || 0 || 20 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 76% || 0% || 24% ||

4.16.    Luxembourg

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 12 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Fruit (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Herbal teas / Infusions || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Tea || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Yeast products || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 12 || 0 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 100% || 0% || 0% ||

4.17.    Hungary

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 60 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried), tea || 60 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 60 || 0 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 100% || 0% || 0% ||

4.18.    Malta

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 20 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Coffee || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Fish and fish products || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Frog legs || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Garlic || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Honey and other bee products || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Instant noodles || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Poultry meat || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Prawns and snacks (fried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Sausage products || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Soup || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Tea || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 20 || 0 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 100% || 0% || 0% ||

4.19.    Netherlands

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 373 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Cereal products || 34 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Fish and fish products || 19 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Food supplements || 52 || 0 || 9* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Fruit (dried) || 36 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Other || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Poultry meat || 23 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Salads, pasta and soup etc. || 40 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Seeds || 35 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Special herb mixtures || 57 || 0 || 2* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Spices/flavours || 34 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 22 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Vitamin preparations || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Total: || 362 || 0 || 11 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 97% || 0% || 3% ||

*       non compliance either for irradiation in a unapproved facility or lack of labelling

4.20.    Austria

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 134 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 46 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Poultry meat || 62 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 24 || 0 || 2* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Total: || 132 || 0 || 2 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 99% || 0% || 1% ||

*       erroneously labelled

4.21.    Poland

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 246 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 57 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Berries || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Cheese containing spices/herbs || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Cheese (cottage) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Coffee || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Dried fruit || 17 || 0 || 0 || EN 13708

Dried fruit || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Fish and fish products || 9 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Fish and seafood (dried) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Food for particular nutritional uses || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Food for particular nutritional uses || 1 || 0 || 2 || EN 1788

Food supplements || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Food supplements || 6 || 1 || 0 || EN 1788

Frog legs || 1 || 0 || 2 || EN 1786

Fruits (fresh) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Fruits (fresh) || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Fruit (tropical) || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Fruit (tropical) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Fruit (tropical) || 8 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Garlic || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Garlic || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Garlic || 10 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Herbal teas/Infusions || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Meat || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Meat and meat products || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Meat (except poultry and game) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Meat (except poultry and game) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Meat from different birds, kangaroo, hare) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Meat from different birds, kangaroo, hare) || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Meat products (except sausages) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Milk and milk products || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Nuts || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1786

Nuts || 20 || 0 || 0 || EN 1787

Other || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13708

Other || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Other || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Pulses || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Red Pepper || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 11 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Shrimps || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Soups || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Tea || 11 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Vegetables (fresh) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788

Total: || 241 || 1 || 4 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 98% || 0% || 2% ||

4.22.    Portugal

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 49 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Food supplements || 18 || 0 || 2 || EN 13751

Tea || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetable extracts (dried) || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Plant parts (roots, bay leaves) || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Frozen clam (with shell) || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 47 || 0 || 2 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 96% || 0% || 4% ||

4.23     Romania

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 105 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 68 || 0 || 1* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Food supplements || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions || 10 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Seeds || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Tea || 11 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 104 || 0 || 1 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 99% || 0% || 1% ||

*       irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

4.24.    Slovenia

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 21 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 14 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Tea || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 21 || 0 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 100% || 0% || 0% ||

4.25.    Slovakia

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 23 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 15 || 1 || 0 || EN 1784;EN 1788

Cheese (ripened) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Nuts || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 1784

Total: || 22 || 1 || 0 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 96% || 4% || 0% ||

4.26.    Finland

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 254 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 119 || 3 || 8* || EN 1788 for confirmation; EN 13751

Berries || 6 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Food for particular nutritional uses || 4 || 0 || 2** || EN 1788 for confirmation; EN 13751

Food supplements || 35 || 0 || 13** || EN 1788 for confirmation; EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions || 11 || 1 || 1** || EN 1788 for confirmation; EN 13751

Other (sauce ingredients, food ingredients etc.) || 26 || 0 || 7** || EN 1788 for confirmation; EN 13751

Tea || 17 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 219 || 4 || 31 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 86% || 2% || 12% ||

*       erroneously labelled, irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

**     irradiation not allowed

4.27.    Sweden

In 2012 no checks were carried out at the product marketing stage.

4.28.    United Kingdom

Foodstuffs analysed at product marketing stage || Number of Samples: 323 || CEN method used

Compliant || Inconclusive || Non-Compliant

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried) || 156 || 5 || 3* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Cereal products || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Flavoured couscous || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Flavoured icing sugar || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Food supplements || 26 || 3 || 1** || EN 1788;EN 13751

Fruit (dried) || 2 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Fruit Juice || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Fruits (fresh) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Garlic || 13 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions || 5 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herb and spice pastes || 7 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Herbs and spices (fresh) || 4 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Instant noodles || 40 || 4 || 7* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared) || 3 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Nuts || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Rice || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 1788;EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated) || 21 || 1 || 7** || EN 1788;EN 13751

Seeds || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried) || 0 || 0 || 1* || EN 1788;EN 13751

Vegetables (fresh) || 1 || 0 || 0 || EN 13751

Total: || 291 || 13 || 19 ||

Total % of analysed samples: || 90% || 4% || 6% ||

*       erroneously labelled and/or irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

**     irradiation not allowed, erroneously labelled, irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

5.       Summary

The current report covers the period from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012. It contains a compilation of the information forwarded to the Commission by the 27 Member States.

In 2012, 24 approved irradiation facilities were operational in 13 Member States in accordance with Article 7(2) of Directive 1999/2/EC. No new irradiation facilities have been approved. No approved irradiation facilities have been closed. Five irradiation facilities did not irradiate any food during 2012.

A total quantity of 7972 tonnes of products were treated with ionising irradiation in EU Member States, 91% of which were irradiated mainly in three Member States: Belgium (64.7%), Netherlands (18.5%) and France (7.7%). The three biggest commodities within the irradiated categories are: frog legs (36%), poultry (35%) and dried aromatic herbs and spices (15%). There has been a slight decrease in the total quantity of products irradiated in the EU compared to the previous year 2011 (8.067,5 tonnes).

27 Member States submitted information regarding the checks carried out at the product marketing stage. Five Member States did not perform any analytical checks in official control and inspection in 2012.

A total of 5.182 samples have been analysed by 22 Member States, three Member States accounted for 66% of the samples (Germany 52,4.0%, the Netherlands 7.2%, and United Kingdom 6.2%). 4.979 samples (96.1%) were compliant with the provisions of the Directive, 123 samples (2.4%) were non-compliant, 80 samples (1.5%) gave inconclusive results. The two main reasons for non-compliance of tested samples were incorrect labelling and forbidden irradiation; non-compliance was also due to irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU. Reasons for non-compliance are given in each table reporting the tests carried out in each Member State.

[1]       OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 16.

[2]       http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biosafety/irradiation/index_en.htm

[3]       OJ C 265, 1.9.2012, p. 3.

[4]       OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 24.

[5]       OJ C 283, 24.11.2009, p. 5.