Official Journal of the European Union

C 156/27

Publication of an application pursuant to Article 8(2) of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006 on agricultural products and foodstuffs as traditional specialities guaranteed

2009/C 156/15

This publication confers the right to object to the application pursuant to Article 9 of Council Regulation (EC) No 509/2006. Statements of objection must reach the Commission within six months from the date of this publication.




EC No: PL-TSG-0007-0050-22.01.2007

1.   Name and address of the applicant group:

Name: Związek „Polskie Mięso”


ul. Chałubińskiego 8

00-613 Warsaw


Tel. +48 228302657

Faks +48 228301648

E-mail: info@polskie-mieso.pl

2.   Member State or third country:


3.   Product Specification:

3.1.   Name(s) to be registered (Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007):


3.2.   Whether the name:

 is specific in itself


expresses the specific character of the agricultural product or foodstuff

The name expresses the specific character of the product. In 19th century Poland and Lithuania the term ‘kaban’, or the diminutive form ‘kabanek’, referred to extensively reared young hogs which used to be fattened mainly with potatoes, and the meat they produced was customarily called ‘kabanina’. ‘Kabanos’ is derived from the name used to designate these hogs.

3.3.   Whether reservation of the name is sought under Article 13(2) of Regulation (EC) No 509/2006:

 Registration with reservation of the name


Registration without reservation of the name

3.4.   Type of product

Class 1.2. —

Meat products (cooked, salted, smoked, etc.)

3.5.   Description of the agricultural product or foodstuff to which the name under point 3.1 applies (Article 3(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

‘Kabanosy’ are long, thin sticks of dry sausage twisted off at one end and evenly wrinkled. The sticks are folded in two and in the curve there is an indent where they were hung.

The surface of the ‘kabanosy’ is dark red in colour with a cherry tint. A cross-section reveals dark red pieces of meat and cream-coloured fat.

The ‘feel to the touch’ is that of a smooth, dry and evenly wrinkled surface.

‘Kabanosy’ have a strong taste of cured, baked pork and a delicate, smoky aftertaste redolent of caraway and pepper.

Chemical composition:

protein content — not less than 15,0 %

water content — not more than 60,0 %

fat content — not more than 35,0 %

salt content — not more than 3,5 %

nitrate (III) and nitrate (V) content expressed as NaNO2 — not more than 0,0125 %

The above chemical composition values ensure the traditional quality of the product. The finished product yield in relation to the meat used as a raw material must be less than 68 %.

3.6.   Description of the production method of the agricultural product or foodstuff to which the name under point (3.1) applies (Article 3(2) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)



Meat (100 kg of raw material):

Class I pork with a fat content of up to 15 % — 30 kg

Class IIA pork with a fat content of up to 20 % — 40 kg

Class IIB pork with a fat content of up to 40 % — 30 kg


Seasonings (per 100 kg of meat)

natural pepper — 0,15 kg

nutmeg — 0,05 kg

caraway — 0,07 kg

sugar — 0,20 kg


Other additives:

curing mix (based on a mixture of table salt (NaCl) and sodium nitrite (NaNO2)) — about 2 kg

Feeding in the context of the production of pork intended for use in the making of ‘kabanosy’:

Feeding refers to fatty-meat fattening. The aim is to produce pigs with a bodyweight of up to 120 kg, characterised by a higher intramuscular fat content (more than 3 %).

Fattening is based on late-maturing breeds, and an appropriate fattening regime makes it possible to achieve the desired intramuscular fat content. The breeds used for fattening do not carry the RN gene, and the RYR 1T gene is present in 20 % of the population.

Fattening should be carried out in three phases — phase I up to about 60 kg, phase II up to about 90 kg, and phase III up to 120 kg.

Fattening of animals up to 90 kg bodyweight is carried out using two types of feed mixes. The feed mixes (doses) contain:

as energy components: cereal middlings — wheat, barley, rye, oat, triticale or maize; maize middlings and middlings of naked oat varieties account for up to 30 % of mixes,

as protein components: — lupin, field bean and pea middlings, post-extraction soya meal, post-extraction rapeseed meal, rapeseed oil cake, fodder yeast or dried green fodder.

Feed mixes (doses) for animals from 90 to 120 kg contain:

as energy components: wheat, barley, rye and triticale middlings. Maize middlings and middlings of naked oat varieties may not be used in mixes (doses),

as protein components: middlings of leguminous crops (lupin, field bean and pea), post-extraction soya meal, rapeseed oilcake or post-extraction rapeseed meal and dried green fodder.

At no point in the feeding cycle may the following be used: vegetable oils, feed of animal origin, e.g. powdered milk, dried whey, fish meal.

The metabolic energy content in mixes in all phases of fattening is 12-13 MJ of ME/kg of mix. The protein content in mixes should be around 16-18 % in the first phase of fattening, 15-16 % in the second phase, and about 14 % in the final phase.

Doses for fatteners may be based on nutritive mixes alone, or nutritive mixes and bulk feed, i.e. potatoes and green fodder.

Stages in the production of ‘kabanosy’

Stage 1

Preliminary cutting up of all meat ingredients. Ensuring that the pieces of meat are of a uniform size (about 5 cm in diameter).

Stage 2

Traditional curing (dry method) for about 48 hours, using a curing mix.

Stage 3

Class I meat is reduced to around 10 mm in size, Class IIA and Class IIB meat to around 8 mm in size.

Stage 4

Mixing of all meat ingredients and seasonings: natural pepper, nutmeg, caraway and sugar.

Stage 5

Stuffing into thin sheep casings of between 20 and 22 mm in diameter and twisting-off at one end of sticks of about 25 cm in length.

Stage 6

Settling at a temperature not exceeding 30 °C for two hours. Preliminary drying of the surface, ‘settling’ of the ingredients within the sticks.

Stage 7

Drying of the surface and traditional smoking in hot smoke (for about 150 minutes) and baking until a temperature of at least 70 °C is reached inside the sticks.

Stage 8

Smoking is stopped and the ‘kabanosy’ are left in the smoke room for about one hour, after which they are chilled and refrigerated to below 10 °C.

Stage 9

Drying at 14-18 °C and 80 % humidity for 3-5 days until the desired yield is obtained (not exceeding 68 %).

3.7.   Specific character of the agricultural product or foodstuff (Article 3(3) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

The specific character of ‘kabanosy’ derives from several attributes that are typical of the product:

tenderness, succulence and specific properties of the meat

exceptional taste and aroma

uniform, characteristic shape.

Tenderness, succulence and specific properties of the meat

Pork from pigs of late-maturing breeds fattened to a bodyweight of about 120 kg and having the genetic traits described in point 3.6 is an essential ingredient of ‘kabanosy’ which influences the specific nature of the sausage. Compliance with these requirements yields an intramuscular fat content in excess of 3 %, ensuring that the meat possesses the appropriate gustatory and technological properties that are essential for the production of ‘kabanosy’. The use of such raw materials and conformity to the traditional method of production, with special regard to the stages of mincing, curing and smoking, ensures that ‘kabanosy’ are exceptionally tender and succulent. Another characteristic of ‘kabanosy’ is the clearly audible noise they make when they are broken in two. This is the result of the meat's tenderness and the way in which ‘kabanosy’ are prepared, in particular, drying and smoking.

Exceptional taste and aroma

Their taste and aroma are the features which set ‘kabanosy’ apart from other sausages. These features are the result of the use in the production process of appropriately selected seasonings and the proportions thereof: natural pepper, nutmeg, caraway, sugar and the specific smoking process, which further enhances the product’s flavour.

Uniform, characteristic shape

The specific character of ‘kabanosy’ is linked mainly to their unique shape. ‘Kabanosy’ are long, thin sticks of dry sausage twisted off at one end and evenly wrinkled.

3.8.   Traditional character of the agricultural product or foodstuff (Article 3(4) of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007):

Traditional method of production and storage

Kabanosy, or thin, dried and smoked pork sausages in sheep casings, were eaten throughout Poland as early as the 1920s and 1930s. They were produced in small, local butchers’ establishments under the same name, but in different regional varieties. The main differences concerned the seasonings used, but also the quality of the sausages themselves. The cookery books and food publications of the day, like M. Karczewska’s ‘Wyrób wędlin i innych przetworów mięsnych sposobem domowym’, published in Warsaw in 1937, provided recipes and helped to standardise production techniques for ‘kabanosy’, enabling brand consolidation and quality improvements. These sausages tasted good and preservation techniques like smoking and drying meant that they could be kept for long periods.

After 1945 standardisation was introduced in an attempt to improve product quality. ‘Kabanosy’ were officially released for consumption by the Decree of the Ministers for Provisions, Industry and Commerce of 15 September 1948 (Journal of Laws 1948/44, item 334). Technological and production aspects were subsequently standardised (Standard No RN-54/MPMIM1-Mięs-56 of 30 December 1954), and in 1964 the Polish Meat Industry Headquarters in Warsaw issued a standard recipe for ‘Kabanosy’ based on traditional production methods (Internal Regulations No 21).

‘Kabanosy’ were extremely popular during Communist times (1945-1989); everybody used to buy them. They graced elegant tables on special occasions and were equally suitable as picnic food for travellers, as gifts or as a snack with vodka. Together with ham and bacon, they also became a Polish export speciality.

Traditional ingredient — pork

‘Kabanosy’ are made from specially fattened hogs which used to be known as ‘kabany’. The term ‘kaban’ features in the 1834 epic poem ‘Pan Tadeusz’ by Poland's national bard Adam Mickiewicz. Originally used to refer to wild boars, hogs and even horses, by the 19th century, according to the 1863 Encyklopedyja Powszechna, Volume 13, the term was universally used to designate a well fed, fat young hog. The hogs were specially fattened up to obtain delicate, exquisite meat with a high intramuscular fat content which gave the products made from it a strong, specific taste, tenderness and succulence. The term ‘kabanina’, derived from ‘kaban’, was also widely used. According to the definition in the Polish dictionary published in Vilnius in 1861, it usually referred to pork.

The meat of pigs kept for the production of ‘kabanosy’ must have an intramuscular fat content of more than 3 %; this is the marbling that confers on the product the desired tenderness, succulence and excellent taste. The use of such meat has a decisive influence on the quality of the final product and its specific character, and is in keeping with the traditional method of production.

3.9.   Minimum requirements and procedures to check the specific character (Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 1216/2007)

With regard to the specific character of ‘kabanosy’, the following in particular should be subjected to checks:


Quality of raw materials used in production (pork, seasonings), including:

technological suitability of the meat,

type of fattening,

curing time,

seasonings used in the production of ‘kabanosy’ and the proportions in which they are used.


‘Kabanosy’ smoking process

In the course of an inspection, the following must be checked:

maintenance of the temperature required for traditional smoking in hot smoke and the heating temperature,

maintenance of the duration and temperature of repeat smoking in cold smoke,

use of beech chips for smoking in cold smoke.


Quality of the finished product:

protein content,

water content,

fat content,

sodium chloride content,

nitrate (III) and nitrate (V) content,

taste and aroma.


Shape of the product.

Frequency of checks

Checks on the above-mentioned stages must be carried out once every two months. If all these stages are proceeding correctly, the frequency of the checks may be reduced to two per year.

If irregularities occur at any stage, the frequency of checks on that stage must be increased (to once every two months). Checks on other stages may be carried out once every six months.

4.   Authorities or bodies verifying compliance with the product specification

4.1.   Name and address

Name: Główny Inspektorat Jakości Handlowej Artykułów Rolno-Spożywczych


ul. Wspólna 30

00-930 Warsaw


Tel. +48 226232901

Faks +48 226232099

E-mail: —

ImagePublic Private

4.2.   Specific tasks of the authority or body

The above inspection authority is responsible for checks on the entire specification.